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Abilene Reporter News: Thursday, April 1, 1954 - Page 1

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   Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - April 1, 1954, Abilene, Texas                               Details of First H-Bomb Explosion Made Public By ELTON C. FAY AP Military Affairs Reporter WASHINGTON govern- ment disclosed today details of the world's first hydrogen a searing and crushing fury that wiped out an island in the twinkling c{ ap eye and spawned a gigantic fireball big enough to engulf the heart of New York City. The olficial motion picture film of the thermonuclear test in No- vember 1952, conducted by the Atomic Energy Commission and Defense Department at Eniwetok Atoll. v.'as made some- what censored the Fed- tral Civil Defense Administration. That agency said it "iirmly be- lieves it is necessary for the Amer- ican public to know the facts about the desiruetiveness of nuclear weapons." And i( quoted from the speech of President- Eisenhower before the United Nations Assem- bly last December which said, "Clearly, if the peoples of the world arc to conduct an intelligent search peace, they must be armed the signifleast facts of. today's .existence." Awesome as it was, the 1952 test has been described by Eisenhower as ony a first step in this nation's hydrogen weapons program. Tlere have been two announced thermonuclear blasts in the Pacific proving around since then, and j bath have been semiofficially de-' scribed as much more powerful- One was set off -March 1, the other last Friday. Here are some of the things the i motion picture of the 1952 -test and the official narration accompany- ing it disclosed: 1-. The test device was explod- ed in a a small workshop jammed with recording and deto- nating gadgets, on the islet of Egulab, at the northern rim of Eniwetok Atoll. 2. The island, about a half mile long and a quarter mile wide and protruding from the barrier reef of the atoU. vanished. Ill the place where it stood there was a crater 175 feet deep, a mile in diameter. 3. Created was the largest fire- ball of the more than 40 atomic explosions set off until that 3Vi miles in diameter. The heat at the core of that churning, bril- liant manmade star presumably shot to a momentary temperature like the body of Ihe sun. The picture included an imposi- tion of the fireball on a drawn outline of Manhattan's skyline. It overwhelmed about one quarter of Manhatiaft. The official estimate was that ihe area of "complete annihila- tion" extended outward in a three- mile radius; that severe to mod- erate damage reached out to scvon miles; light damage as far as 10. The damage as applied to Wash- ington D.C., would have looked like this: If an K-bomb had been exploded at the Capitol, iiie zone of utter annihilation would have reached west to Arlington National Ceme- tery (across the Potomac River from Washington.) Eastward it would have touched the Anacosiia River. Northward the edge would have been soldiers' home, the farmlike place in the heart of mod-. ern Washington. Southward it I would have engulfed Boiling Field, the Air Force's base a! al capital. The motion picture, still photo- graphs taken from it. and news accounts were to have been held until 6 p.m. EST next Wednesday, but some stories broke into print ahead of time, and the Federal Civil Defense Administration made a general release today. The New York Times, publish- ing an account in today's editions. said it did 50 because a descriptive review by a syndicated columnist appeared in newspapers a few hours after a special press show- ing. In his column in some newspap- ers today. Drew Pearson noted that "the veil covering the H-bomb will be lifted next and he added: "However, this column is able to give a word preview of the horrible holocaust." Following publication of. these accounts, the major news services decided to go ahead v.ith their own reviews. Then early today. Ihe Federal Civil Defense Administration an- nounced that all still photographs, news matter and other material related to ihe hydrogen test weie released automatically as of 7 a.m. EST because of previous breaks in the story. Two factors should be noted about this 1952 test and the theo- retics! application of them to big cities like New York and Wash- ington: 1. The 1952 explosion of the while the mightiest up to then, was of substantially lower The picture disclosed another peculiar characteristic of the hy- drogen bomb, a pronounced lateral blast effect. The huge, deadly began-spreading got late- ally near the base of the sphere. It eventually a diameter of 100 miles. "base surge" cloud of the-bomb In this upper air phenomenon and the racing shock front Hashed there seemed to be an exptanatSon out to far greater width than any of tfie recent troubles of the atonic order than the shattering detona- tion at Bikini Atoll last March 1. The latter is assumed to have been on tie order of 16 the equivalent of energy produced by explosion of 16 million tons of TNT. 2 The 1952 blast was exploded at "ground level, whicb, probaW atomic would not be the method used mi Aloft, the sight was- equailj a wartime attack unless a specific, astounding. The thermonuclear pinpoint target was tiie objec'ive. i I'losion, like any atomic bomb, pro- [chairman Lewis Strauss of the Exploded in mid-air alter being Sduced the too-familiar picture of a! Atomic Energy Commission aurib- dropped from a plane, with the giant mushroom. But this time thetuted most of the" trouble to a re- point of burst at several thousand stem of the mushroom grew and versa! of predicted wind direction. feet altitude the area of total de- grew and until it had poked! But the fact that the 1952 cload struction and severe damage would! 25 miles into the stratosphere. stem blew to the entirely onpre- have increased by several multi-'Even in the early stages of its'.cedented height of 25 -miles, well coa. yesterday. pies. The power of the blast might have been diminished, but the zone increased. The destruction pro- to 40.000 feet, duced by heat and the injury by the intense, instant radiation of the fusion bomb would have been correspondingly increased in area, only slightly diminished in intens- ity." development, in the first two into the stratosphere, suggested utes, the cloud column saot upward! that the recent cloud might have The lens of the camera couldn't encompass it all, so an artist's sketch was displayed to show an- other fantastic dimension: the j pushed up into the region of "jet 'stream" flow of air-and other high altitude air mass increments. Air masses moving in several different directions could have carried seg- mushroom-top portion of the cloud. I ments of the radioactive stem to ion reaching an altitude of about 101 various points of the compass. FAIR; WARMER porter EVENING FINAL "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron VOL. LXXIII, No. 289 Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS. THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 1. PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOe tflGrtTMfARE MINUS HORSES This chuck wagon greeted Hardin-Simmons University officials about 1 rave o a.m. Thursday after a student janitor had discovered the afon on he top floor of Abilene Hall. The chuckwagon was uni- officials and maintenance. workers and carted back down the three flights of stairs. versity (Staff photo by Don Norris) Hung Jury Ends Windham Trial BA1RD, April 1. Judge J. H. Black declared a mistrial in the murder trial of Ernest Wind- ham at noon Thursday and dis- missed the jury after it had re- ported a hopeless deadlock. Hope that the panel would, reach a verdict faded at a.m. Thursday when the jury reported to J. R. "Black for the second time that it had been unable to reach a unanimous decision. On hearing this report the de- fendant spoke out and asked the jurors to continue working" toward a verdict. His attorney. Dell Bar- ber of Colorado City, also request- ed that the jury deliberate longer Before asking to be dismissed. Barber said that after the panel was dismissed he talked with some of the jurors and that told him they were divided 10-to-2, with the majority favoring a verdict of not guilty. The case will now have to be re-lried. The case went to'the jury at p. m. Wednesday. The state did not ask for the death penalty for Ernest Windham, 53 year old rancher accused of murder in the fatal shooting of his brother John, 69, last Feb. 16. However, District Attorney Wiley Caffey of Abilene, in the closing argument for the state, reminded the jury thai it was within its prov- ince to assess the death penalty if it saw fit. Final testimony in the.case was eiven after noon Wednesday, the third day of the trial. Judge Black allotted one anc one-half hours to each side for arguments before the jury. Spec- ial Prosecutor Dallas Scarborougl' opened arguments for the f'.ale Callahan County Attorney Felix Mitchell gave a factual resume ol the state's evidence. Davis Scar- borough of Abilene was also as sociated with the prosecution. Del and Perry Barber, Coloradi City attorneys and brothers, notl> spoke in Windham's defense. In his plea for an acquittal De Barber asserted, "That man shouldn't even have been indict cd." He asserted that a man whc intended to kill would have pullei the trigger of the gun more than once. A single shot fired from .32 caliber automatic pistol end td John Windham's life. Twenty after the Jury etired to deliberate, the panel .sked to be allowed to examine he fatal gun. At p.m. Wed- lesday the jury reported to Black t had not reached a verdict but he court Instructed the jurors to :ontiniie working. Most of the rebuttal testimony Wednesday afternoon, concern- ed the reputation of Mrs. Tom 'oindexter for being a truthful per- son. Six state witnesses testified hat Mrs. Poindexter had a good reputation for truth and veracity. Five defense countered hat her reputation in this respect vas bad. APRIL FOOL Chuckwagon Blocks Hall April Fool moved into Abilene early Thursday morning a la chuckwagon. Hardin-Simmons University of- ficials were amazed to find a large chuckwagon, about 15 feet1 long and six feet wide, sitting in the third floor hallway of Abilene Hall. Discovery of the prank was made about 1 a.m. Thursday by a stu- dent janitor as he went to the building to perform his duties. University administrative of- ficials and maintenance workers were called and the wagon was dismantled and carted back down the three flights oE stairs. School officials are of the opin- ion the wagon was carried piece by piece up to the top floor and assembled there. South First Parking Ban Action Slated Proposed no-parking rule for South First St. will be before the City Commission again at Friday morning's meeting. Public hearing and final vote are slated. The ordinance would forbid park- ing on South First St. from Tread- away Blvd. east of town to the west city limits. It has been ap- proved by the commission on the first of two required readings. Also on Friday's agenda are: (1) Public hearing on an amend- ed "blind ordinance, which seeks to spell out more clearly what constitutes this traf- fic hazard and to set penalties. (2) Members of the P-TA Safe- ty Council to appear. (3) Motion to approve applica- tion by C. Wyman Jones for a permit to- operate a skating rink at 1402 Matador-St. Removal of parking from South. First St. was requested by the Texas Highway Department and the -Highway Committee of' Abi- lene Chamber of Commerce. Both groups urged this action as an aid to a better flow of the heavy traffic traveling U. S. High- way 80 (which goes along South The C-C panel said the parking ban would hasten the start on construction of a proposed free- way on U. S. 80 west of Abilene. A number of South First busi- ness people and property owners have employed Dallas Scarborough, attorney, to represent them in fighting the proposed parking ban. They claim such a regulation would seriously reduce the value of their property on South First. A representative of Scarborough's law firm has made an appeal per- sonally to the Texas Highway Com- mission. Counsel Named For Army Row WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES POLIO TEST Tests will re- veal how effective Salk's vac- cine is in preventing polio. "Page 3-A. HAZY MEANING After Dul- les gives o speech, some people wpnder exactly what meaning he meant to put across. Poqe SUBSTITUTES Abilene High School pupils, will try their hands next week ot filling public _of- fices. Page 1-B. PROVIDES RELIEF An Abi- lene church maintains o pro- gram for giving speedy relief to persons suddenly hit by hard- ships. Page 1-B. French Marshal Fired From 2 Top Military Posts in Nation PABIS government ired Marshal Alphonse Juin today from the nation's two top military strategy posts. It appeared likely ic also would lose his NATO job as commander of land, sea and air orccs in central Europe. The Cabinet ordered the outspok- en, 65-year-old marshal removed from his French military posts- adviser to the government on de- strategy and vice president of he National Superior Council for Armed he refused Premier Joseph Laniel's summons to explain his public criticism last weekend of the proposed European Defense Community (EDO. The firing touched off a furor in France comparable to that in America following then President Truman's dismissal of Gen. Doug- las MacArthur. Opponents in Par- liament of EDC led the critics of the French government action. Since the presidency of the Na- tional Superior Council is held by President the Republic Rene Coty, Juin actually was the ranking French military man in questions of strategy. Paris newspapers agreed the French government, which had nominated Juin for his NATO post, now had no choice except to ask the NATO Council and the' Su- preme Allied commander in Eu- rope, U. S. Gen. Alfred M, Gruen- MARSHAL ALPHONSE JUIN Ignored Laniel's summons ther, to dismiss him....... A spokesman at SHAPE, Gruen ther's headquarters near Paris said SHAPE' lias nothing to say on Juin's discharge. In the French Senate, supporter of Gen. Charles de Gaulle inter rupted debate on the national de "ense budget to protest the dis charge. Laniel had asked Juin to com i his office last night to explai his speech to a reserve officer group last weekend in which h said that EDC was unwieldy an should be replaced by some othe arrangement. After Juin had failed to show up the Cabinet in an extraordinar session reprimanded him and dis missed him from his two posts fo discourtesy and disobedience to th government. He also had ignore a 15-year-old law requiring him submit to the government in ai vance any speeches he planned t make. The action did not affect h rank of marshal, an irrevocab! lifetime rank which he himself can not resign. Instead of meeting Laniel, Ju went to a reserve officers' dinne in a Paris restaurant and rcpeatc his criticism of EDC. "To prevent a conspiracy of s lence against the he d clared, "I have forced the issu fully conscious of my responsibi ties. I believe a common-sense sol middle of the roa be found for th problem." testimony in loldup Trial Ends Suddenly Arguments before the jury in the rmed robbery trial of Howard Copeland were to be made hursday afternoon in lOitti Dis- Jict Court. The state placed two more wit- esses on the stand when the trial vas resumed Thursday morning nd then rested its case. The defense did not offer any vidence. Most of the morning, was spent rl preparing Judge Owen Thomas' harge which he said he would ive to the jury immediately after recess for lunch, Copeland, who is 18, is from 'ennsylvania. Witnesses who testified for the !ate this morning were Amarillo fficers, City Policeman Ford and ity Detective Simmons. Ford said e found Paul H. Renner, cab river, after he had been beaten nd robbed. Simmons examined the axi in which the robbery allegedly ccurred. Henner testified Wednesday that Copeland and two other youths tomped and stabbed him Dec. 24, 952 on a downtown Amarillo street nd then robbed him of 524.86. Renner stated that the wounds e received left him unconscious ix days. He said that Bis treat ment in an Amarillo hospital in- luded five blood transfusions and three plasma treatments. He lifted his shirt to display o the jury scars left by stabbings and other wounds. On cross-examination Renner aid he could not swear who stab- led him but he stated that he teard Copeland say, "Let's kill him." Eari George Robertson and 'oseph Paul Lucas, also charged with the armed'robbery, have re- ceived life sentences in trials in Amarillo. Copeland's case was moved here from 47th District Court on a change of venue. Your Want Ad Charge Account Is Now Open! Just soy "charge it" when you place your weekday or Sunday Want Ad! It's that simple. So why keep your wants or needs o when os little as 41c a day will bring you the fast re- sults you _ desire.' Approximately wont ads appear in the Abilene Reporter-News each month. That means approxi- mately .people know the power of Want Ads and are using them regularly to gain extra profit in buying, selling, renting, trading, etc. More than classifications are establish- ed to be certain every Wont Ad has maximum readership. Near- ly readers await your ad! Phone it, mail it or bring it. And when you do just "CHARGE Your Sunday Want Ad i, deadline on space uds ads requiring one inch or more is noon Friday. Word ods wilt be accepted until noon Saturday, Call now you won't forget. readers await ad! Probe Now May Start In 10 Days WASHINGTON Senate Investigations .subcommittee today appointed Samuel P. Sears, a Bos? ton lawyer, as special counsel for its investigation of the charge! Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and higk Army officials have aimed at one another. Sen. Mundt who will pre- side at: the puWit and televised hearings, told a .hews conference he believed the unanimous selec- tion had log jam and would peririit'start -of the inquiry wilhia 10 days... Miuidt said Sears will .start work Monday "and 1 hope the hear- ings will start the following week." Mundt said the selection wai made by "another unanimous vote, all six members of the committee voting 'aye' at a closed door ses- sion. Just a feir moments earlier, Sen. Kefauver (D-Tenn) had made an unsuccessful move to get the Senate Armed Services Committee to take over the investigation of the whole McCarthy-Army row. Kefauver made his motion at a closed-door session but not enough senators to do business were pres- ent. Sen. Hendrickson acting chairman, made this point and Ke- fauver agreed to a delay until later in the afternoon or until tomorrow forenoon when the committee has' another scheduled session. Kefauver said there had been "a great delay in getting" the inquiry started by the Senate Investiga- tions Committee and that the "peo- ple are entitled to have the facts and have the issues clarified." Sears, a quiet, graying man. stood beside Mundt as .the an- nouncement of his selection as spe- cial counsel was made. Mundt gave reporters a state- ment identifying Sears as a mem- ber of the law firm of Brickley, Sears Cole, is Federal St., Bos- ton. He is old, born in Quincy, Mass., July 3, 1895. MUMPS DOESN'T MUFFLE Commission Can- didate Aldrous R. 'Oglesby was forced to do his campaigning by telephone this week after being stricken with a case of mumps. The 38-year-old land surveyor is running for Place 2 and admits that the old-fashioned handshaking method of getting votes is more desirable. (Staff photo by Don Hutche- son) Interest Picking Up as City Election Just 5 Days Away Interest in next Tuesday's an- j the City Commission. The VFW j ified voters of Abilene. It is also nual city election just five days' post is letters to all its distributing other, printed cam- members as well as the other qual- off appeared Thursday to be picking up. It has simmered for many weeks. Deadline for marking absentee ballots is this Friday at 5 p.m. Twenty-three Abilenians had done so by Thursday morning. Persons expecting to be out of) Fair and THE WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE on election day may VOfe warm absentee any time prior to the Friday deadline at the city secre- NORTH tary's office in City Hall. Thursday afternoon, Thursday CENTRAL TEXAS: Partly "1" With 13 candidates announced WEST fair, warmer for the five jobs at stake, voting Frww is expected to be heavier than in ifteVnoon and lomrtt: the run-of-the-mill Abilene general EAST AND SOUTH TEXAS: elections. Between and >a votes annu: cool tilts afternoon. paign literature and telephoning. Oglesby himself had done some personal vote-hunting, until he became ill of mumps a few days ago. Since then, he has had to do his electioneering by telephone. Confined to bed at his home, he doesn't expect to be out before election day. Competitors in Oglesby's race are J. Floyd Malcom (asking re- E. A. Hooper Sr.. and Clell Whetsel. H. G. Reeves, a candidate for Place 4 on the City Commission, is handing out cards asking sup- 'are the average cast in the some iicnt rain near ihe ;al election unless some special issue such as bonds or charter amendments are added to the ballot. This year there is no extra ques- tion. It's just to be a vote for and against candidates. Most of the office-seekers ap- parently are relying upon word-of- mouth, unorganized electioneering by friends in their behalf. However, a sizzling campaign is being waged by the Veterans of Foreign Wars on behalf of their former commander, Aldrous R. Ogleiby, candidate for Place 2 on TEMPERATURES Thurs. A.M. 130 ___........ Sunset last HlBtt p.m. Sunrise to- day a.m. Sunset tonight p.m. Maximum temperature" for the 34 noun ended at a.m.: 54. Minimum teniwauire lor the 3< hours, ended -.m.: 31, BaroroetcT Tflftnmg at p.ra: Belitlvi humlttlty al p.m. htl, port in his race. K Some small newspaper a3s have been appearing this week in The Reporter-News, in the interest of Jimmy Fartin, a candidate, for Pliace 3 on the School Board. He is running against Mrs. Thomas E. Roberts, who" is seeking re- election. The four, voting boxes will' open at 8 a.m. Tuesday and close at 7-p.m. They Junior High School, for residents of Pre- cincts 1, 2, 7 and S; .Woman's Building' at Fair: Park, for sons living in PreclncU J, 4, 5 and Set INTEREST, Pf. I   

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