Abilene Reporter News, April 1, 1954 : Front Page

Publication: Abilene Reporter News April 1, 1954

Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 1, 1954, Abilene, Texas Details of First H-Bomb Explosion Made Public By ELTON C. FAY AP Military Affairs Reporter WASHINGTON liP!—The government disclosed today details of the world’s first hydrogen explosion— a searing and crushing fury that wiped out an island in the twinkling of eye and spawned a gigantic Hreball big enough to engulf the heart of New York City. The official motion picture film of the thermonuclear test in November 1952. conducted by the Atomic Energy Commission and Defense Department at Eniwetok Atoll, was made public—in somewhat censored form—by the Federal Civil Defense Administration. That agency said it “firmly believes it is necessary for the American public to know the facts about the destructiveness of nuclear weapons.” And it quoted from the speech of President Eisenhower before the Dnited Nations Assembly last December which said, “Clearly, if the peoples of the world are to conduct an intelligent search fior peace, they must be armed \tnth the significant facts of today’s existence.” Awesome as it was, the 1952 test has been described by Eisenhower as oruy a first step in this nation’s hydrogen weapons program. Tiere have been two announced thermonuclear blasts in the Pacific proving ground since then, and both have been semiofiicially de-.scribed as much more powerful. One was set off March 1, the other last Friday. Here are some of the things the motion picture of the 1952 »test and the official narration accompanying it disclosed: 1. The test device was exploded in a “cab,” a small workshop jammed with recording and detonating gadgets, on the islet of Egulab. at the northern rim of Eniwetok Atoll. 2. The island, about a half mile long and a quarter mile wide and protruding from the barrier reef of the atoll, vanished. In the place where it stood there was a crater 175 feet deep, a mile in diameter. 3. Created was the largest fireball of the more than 40 atomic explosions set off until that time—-3'4 miles in diameter. The heat at the core of that churning, brilliant manmade .star presumably shot to a momentary temperature like the body of the sun. The picture included an imposition (if the fireball on a drawn outline of Manhattan’s .skyline. It overwhelmed about one quarter of Manhattan. The official estimate was that the area of “complete annihilation” extended outward in a three-mile radius; that severe to moderate damage reached out to seven miles; light damage as far as 10. The damage as applied to Washington, D.C., would have looked like this: If an H-bomb had been exploded at the Capitol, the zone of utter anmhiiaiion would have reached west to Arlington National Cemetery (across the Potomac River from Washington.) Eastward it would have touched the Anacostia River. Northward the edge would have been soldiers’ home, the farmlike place in the heart of modern Washington, Southward it would have engulfed Bolling Field, the Air Force’s base at the national capital. The motion picture, still photographs taken from it, and news accounts were to have been held until 6 p.m. EST next Wednesday, but some stories broke into print ahead of time, and the Federal Civil Defense Administration made a general release today, 'The New York Times, publishing an account in today’s editions, said it did so because a descriptive review by a syndicated colum.nist appeared in newspapers a few hours after a special press showing. In his column in some newspapers today, Drew Pearson noted that “the veil covering the H-bomb will be lifted next week,” and he added: “However, this column is able to give a word preview of the horrible holocaust.** Following publication of these accounts, the major news services decided to go ahead with their own reviews. Then early today, the Federal Civil Defense Administration announced that all still photographs, news matte»' and other material related to the hydrogen test weie released automatically as of 7 a.m. EST because of previous breaks in the story. Two factors should be noted about this 1952 test and the theoretical application of them to big cities like New York and Washington: 1. The 1952 explosion of the •'device,” while the mightiest up to then, was of substantially lower order than the shattering detonation at Bikmi AtoJl la.st March l. The latter is assumed to have been on the order of 16 megatons—the equivalent of energy produced by explosion of 16 million tons of TNT. 2. The 1952 blast was exploded at ground level, which^ pi'obably would not be the method used im a wartime attack unle.ss a specific, | pinpoint target was the objective. I Exploded in mid-air after being' dropped from a plane, with thej point of burst at several thousand' leet altitude, the area of total de-| structlon and severe damage would j have Increased by several multi-1 pies. The power of the blast might have been diminished, but the zone increased. The destruction produced by heat and the injury by the intense, instant radiation of the fusion bomb would have been correspondingly increased in area, only slightly diminished in intensity. The picture disclosed another peculiar characteristic of the hydrogen bomb, a pronounced lateral blast effect. The huge, deadly “base surge’' cloud of the bomb and the racing shock front flashed out to far greater width than any standard atomic fission bomb. Aloft, the sight was equally astounding. The thermonuclear explosion, like any atomic bomb, produced the too-familiar picture of a giant mushroom. But this time the .stem of the mushroom grew and grew and grew—until it had poked 25 miles Into the stratosphere. Even in the early stages of its development, in the first two minutes. the cloud column shot upward to 40,000 feet. The lens of the camera couldn’t encompass it all, so an artist’s sketch was displayed to show another fantastic dimension:    the mushroom-top portion of the cloud, on reaching an altitude of about 10 miles, began spreading out laterally near the base of ttM stratosphere. It eventually attained a diameter of 100 miles. In this upper air phenomenon there seemed to be an explanation of the recent troubles of the atomic test force with the spreading radiation from the March 1 test, j In his White House news con-ference discussion yesterday. ! Chairman Lewis Strauss of the ; Atomic Energy Commission attributed most of the trouble to a reversal of predicted wind direction, I But the fact that the 1952 cloud ! stem blew to the entirely unprecedented height of 25 miles, well up into the stratosphere, suggested th.it the recent cloud might have pushed up into the region of “jet ¡stream” flow of air and other high altitude air mass mofements. Air mas.ses moving in several different directions could have carried segments of the radioactive stem to various points of the compass. FAIR; WARMER®l)e Mene toorter-JBtetPíífinaÌ^'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron VOL. LXXIII, No. 289 Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 1, 1954~TWENTY-FOUR PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c NIGHTMARE MINUS HORSES — This chuck wagon greeted Hardin-Simmons University administrative officials about 1 a.m. Thursday after a student janitor had discovered the large wagon on the top floor of Abilene Hall. The chuckwagon was dismantled by university officials and maintenance workers and carted back down the three flights of stairs. (Staff photo by Don Norris) Hung Jury Ends Windham Trial APRIL FOOL BAIRD, April 1. — Judge J. H. Black declared a mistrial iu the murder trial of Ernest Windham at noon Thursday and dis-mis.sed the jury after it had reported a hopeless deadlock. Hope that the panel would reach a verdict faded at 9:30 a.m. ’Fhursday when the jury reported to J. R. Black for the second time that it had been unable to reach a unanimous decision. On hearing this report the defendant spoke out and asked the jurors to continue working toward a verdict. His attorney, Dell Barber of Colorado City, also requested that the jury deliberate longer before asking to be dismissed. Barber said that after the panel was dismissed he talked with some of the jurois and that told him they were divided lO-to-2, with the majority favoring a verdict of not guilty. The case will now have to be re-tried. The case went to the jury at 6:30 p. m. Wednesday. The state did not ask for the death penalty for Ernest Windham. .53 - year - old rancher accused of murder in the fatal shooting of his brother John, 69. last Feb. 16, However, District Attorney V/iley Caffey of Abilene, in the closing argument fqr the state, reminded the jury that it was within its province to assess the death penalty if it saw fit. Final testimony in the ca.se was given after noon Wednesday, the third day of the trial. Judge Black allotted one and one-half hours to each side ^ for arguments before the jury. Special Prosecutor Dallas Scarborough opened arguments for the .« ate. Callahan County Attorney Felix Mitchell gave a factual resume of the state’s evidence. Davis Scarborough of Abilene was also associated w'ith the prosecution. Del and Perry Barber, Colorado City attorney.s and brothers, both spoke in Windham’s defense. In his plea for an acquittal Del Barber asserted, “That man shouldn’t even have been indicted.” He asserted that a man who intended to kill would nave pulled the trigger of the gun more than once. A single shot fired from a .32 caliber automatic pistol ended John Windham’s life. Twenty minutes after ttie jury retired to deliberate, the panel asked to be allowed to examine the fatal gun. At 8.45 p.m. Wed-ne.sday the jury reported to Black it had not reached a verdict but the court instructed the jurors to continue working. Most of the rebuttal testimony W’ednesday afternoon concerned the reputation of Mrs. Tom Poindexter for being a truthful person. Six slate witnesses testified that Mrs. Poindexter had a good reputation lor truth and veracity. Five defense witnesses countered that her reputation in this respect was bad. Chuckwagon Blocks Hall April Fool moved into Abilene early Thursday morning a la chuckwagon. Hardin-Simmons University officials were amazed to find a large chuckwagon. about 15 feet'long and six feet wide, sitting in the thiiTl floor hallway of Abilene Hall. Discovery of the prank was made about 1 a.m. Thursday by a student janitor as he went to the building to perform his duties. University administrative officials and maintenance workers were called and the wagon was dismantled and carted back down the three flights of stairs. School officials are of the opinion the wagon was carried piece by piece up to the top floor and assembled there. South First Parking Ban Action Slated Proposed no-parking rule for South First St. will be before the City Commission again at Friday morning’s meeting. Public hearing and final vote, are slated.    , The ordinance would forbid park-; ing on South First St. from Tread- j away Blvd. east of town to the j west city limits. It has been ap-! proved by the commission on the ! first of two required readings, j Also on Friday’s agenda are: (1) Public hearing on an amended "blind corners” ordinance, ^^hich seeks to spell out more clearly what constitutes this traffic hazard and to set penalties. (2) Members of the P-TA Safe-1 ty Council to appear. (3) Motion to approve application by C. Wyman Jones for a permit to operate a .skating rink at 1402 Matador St. Removal of parking from South First St. v/as requested by the Texas Highway Department and the Highway Committee of Abilene Chamber of Commerce. Both groups urged this action as an aid to a better flow of the heavy traffic traveling U. S, Highway 80 twhich goes along South First). The C-C panel said the parking ban would hasten the start on construction of a proposed freeway on U. S. 80 west of Abilene. A number of South First business people and property owners have employed Dallas Scarborough, attorney, to represent them in fighting the proposed parking ban. They claim such a regulation would seriously reduce the value of their property on South First. A representative of Scarborough’s law’ firm has made an appeal personally to the Texas Highway Commission. WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES POLIO TEST — Tests will re-veal how effective Salk's vaccine is in preventing polio. Pace 3-A. HAZY MEANING — After Dulles gives a speech, some people wonder exactly what meaning he meant to put across. Poge 5-A. SUBSTITUTES — Abilene High School pupii^will try their hands ne;<t week at filling public offices. Page 1-B. PROVIDES RELIEF —- An Ab.-lere church maintains o pro-grom for giving speedy relief to persons suddenly hit by hardships. Poge 1-B. Counsel Named • For Army Row FrenchMarshal Fired From 2 Top Military Posts in Nation PARIS (iP!—France’s go\ernmcnt fired Marshal Alphonse Juin today from the nation's two top military strategy po.sts. It appeared likely he also would lose his NATO job as commander of land, sea and air forces in central Europi\ The Cabinet ordered the outspoken, 65-year-old mar.shai removed from his French military posts— adviser to the government on defense strategy and vice president of the National Superior Council for Armed Forces—after he refused Premier Jo.seph Laniel’.s summons , to explain his public criticism last Weekend of the proposed European Defense Community (EDO. Tlie firing touched off a furor in France comparable to that in America following then President Truman’s dismissal of Gen. Douglas MacArihur. Opponents in Parliament of EDC led the critics of the French government action. Since the presidency of the Na-j tional Superior Council is held by President of the Republic Renej Coty, Juin actually was the ranking j French military man in questions! of strategy.    ; Paris newspapers agreed the: French government, W'hich had, nominated Juin for his NATO post, now had no choice except to askj the NATO CouncU and the Su-; preme Allied commander in Europe, U. S. Gen. Alfred M. Gruen- MARSHAL ALPHONSE JUIN . . . ignored Laniel’s summons ther, to dismiss him. A spokesman at SHAPE, Gnien-ther’s headquarters near Paris, said SHAPE has nothing to say on Juin’s discharge. In the French Senate, supporters of Gen. Charles de Gaulle interrupted debate on the national defense budget to protest the dis-charp*». Laniel had asked Juin to come to his office last night to explain his speech to a reserve officer.«! group last weekend in which he said that EDC was unwieldy and should be replaced by some other arrangement. After Juin had failed to show up, the Cabinet in an extraordinary session reprimanded him and dismissed him from his two posts for discourtesy and disobedience to the government. He also had ignored a 15-year-old law requiring him to submit to the government in advance any speeches he planned to make. The action did not affect his rank of marshal, an irrevocable lifetime rank which he himself cannot resign. Instead of meeting Laniel. Juin W'ent to a reserve officers’ dinner in a Paris restaurant and repeated his criticism of EDC. “To prevent a conspiracy of silence against the country,” he declared, “I have forced the issue, fully conscious of my responsibilities. I believe a common-sense solution—a middle - of - the - road solution—can be found for this problem.” Testimony in Holdup Trial Ends Suddenly Arguments before the jury in the armed robbery trial of Howard Wade Copeland were to be made Thursday afternoon in 104th District Court. The stale placed two more witnesses on the stand when the trial was resumed Thursday morning and then rested Its case. The defense did not offer any evidence. Most of the morning was spent irt preparing Judge Ow’en Thomas' charge w’hich he said he would give to the jury immediately after a recess for lunch. Copeland, who is 18, is from Pennsylvania. Witnesses who testified for the state this morning were Amarillo officers, City Policeman Ford and City Detective Simmons. Ford said he found Paul H, Renner, cab driver, after he had been beaten and robbed. Simmons examined the taxi in which the robbery allegedly occurred. Renner testified Wednesday that Copeland and two other youths stomped and stabbed him Dec. 24, 1952 on a downtown Amarillo street and then robbed him of $24.86. Renner stated that the wounds he received left him unconscious six days. He said that his treatment in an Amarillo hospital included five blood tran.sfusions and three plasma treatments. He lifted his shirt to display to the jury scars left by stabbings and other wounds. On cross-examination Renner said he could not swear who stabbed him but he stated that he heard Copeland say, "Let’s kill him.” Earl George Robertson and Joseph Paul Lu^as, also charged , with the armed robbery, have re- i reived life sentences in trials in Amarillo. Copeland’s case was moved here from 47th District Court on a change of venue. Your Want Ad Charge Account Is Now Open! Just say "chorge it” when you ploce your weekday or Sunday Want Ad! It's that simple. So why keep your wants or needs a secret when as little as 41c a day will bring you the fast results you desire. Approximotely 20,000 wont ods appear in the Abilene Reporter-News each month. That means opproxi-motely 20,000 people know the power of Want Ads and ore using them regularly to goin extra profit in buying, selling, renting, trading, etc. More than lOO classifications are estoblish-ed to be certain every Wont Ad has maximum readership. Neor-ly 140,000 readers await your ad! Phone it, moil it or bring it. And when you do just say "CHARGE IT!" Your Sunday Want Ad . . . deadline on space ods — ads requiring one inch or more space — is 12:00 noon Fridoy. Word ods will be accepted until 12:00 noon Saturday. Coll now \Q you won't forget. 140,000 readers await youi* od! MUMPS DOESN’T MUFFLE HIM-City Commission Candidate Aldrous R. Oglesby was forced to do his campaigning by telephone this week after being stricken with a ca.se of mumps. The 38-year-old land surveyor is running for Place 2 and admits that the old-fashioned handshaking method of getting votes is more desirable. (Staff photo by Don Hutcheson) Probe Now May Start In 10 Days WASHINGTON (ft—The Senate Investigations subcommittee today appointed Samuel P. Sears, a Boston lawyer, as special counsel for Us investigation of the charge« Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and higk Army officials have aimed at one another. Sen. Mundt (R-SD), who will preside at the public and televised hearings, told a news conference he believed the unanimous selection had broken a log jam and would permit start of the inquiry within 10 days. Muadt said Sears wiJl start work Monday "and 1 hope the hearings will start the following week.” Mundt said the selection was made by “another unanimous vote, all six members of the committee voting ‘aye’ ” at a closed door session. Just a feiy moments earlier, Sen. Kefauver (D-Tenn) had made an unsuccessful move to get the Senate Armed Services Committee to take over the investigation of the whole McCarthy-Army row. Kefauver made his motion at a closed-door session but not enough senators to do business were present. Sen. Hendrickson (R-NJ), acting chairman, made this point and Kefauver agreed to a delay until later in the afternoon or until tomorrow forenoon when the committee has another scheduled session. Kefauver said there had been "a great delay in getting” the inquiry started by the Senate Investigations Committee and that the “people are entitled to have the facts * and have the issues clarified,” Sears, a quiet, graying man. stood beside Mundt as the announcement of his selection as special counsel was made. Mundt gave i-eporters a statement identifying Sears as a member of the law firm of Brickley, Sears Sc Cole, "fS Federal St.. Boston. He is 59 years old, born la Quincy, Mass., July 3, 1895. Interest Picking Up as City Election Just 5 Days Away THE WMTHER Interest in next Tuesday’s an-    the City    Commission.    The VFW nual city election — just five days    post is sending    letters    to all its off — appeared Thursday to he    | members    as well    as the    other quai- picking up. It has .simmered for!  - many weeks,    : Deadline for marking absentee J ballots is this Friday at 5 p.m.' Twenty-three Abilenians had done so by Thursday morning. Persons expecting to be out of town on election day may vote absentee any time prior to the Friday deadline at the city secretary’s office in City Hall. With 13 candidates announced U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BIREAC ABILENE AND VICINITY - Fair and warmer Tliursday afternoon. Thursday nlKht and Friday; high Thursday 85; low rimrKday night 45; high Friday 15. NORTH CENTRAL    TEXAS:    Partly cloudy and warmer this afternoon, to-nlahi and FrWay. WEST TEXAS; Generally fair, warmer for the five jobs at stake, voting Fitda.v and in Panhandle, upper South is expected to be heavier than in    ra    »*ard t.is the run-of-the-mill Abilene general east and south central texas; elections. Between 2,000 and 3,000    SS :S,hrU‘‘'Wid.‘"''S votes are the average cast in the some Itght rain near the coast. Slightly annual election -- unless some    ^^sst. special issue such as bonds or    temperatures charter amendments are added to the ballot.    ^ This year there is no extra ques- : tion. It’s just to be a vote for and against candidates.    j Most of the office-seekers ap- ' parently are relying upon word-of-mouth, unorganized electioneering by friends in their behalf.    i I»! Sunset last night 6:58 p ni. Sunrise to- However, a sizzling campaign is , day «:2« a m. sunset tonight 6:5» p m. being waged by the Veterans of Maximum temperature    for    the    34    hour# Foreign Wars on behalf of their ''"Mtoinmm'ummatSe    for    the    34    hours former commander, Aldrous R. ‘nded « 3C a.m.: 31. Oglesby, candidate for Place 2 oni 53 53 54 54 52 49 44 43 41 40 38 130 2 30 3:30 4:30 5:30 6:30 1:30 8:30 9:30 10:30 11:30 12:30 Thurs. AM, 35 3.5 33 33 33 32 39 45 48 53 55 59 ified voters of Abilene. It is also distributing other, printed campaign literature and telephoning. Oglesby himself had done some personal vote-hunting, until he became ill of mumps a few days ago. Since then, he has had to do his electioneering by telephone. Confined to bed at his home, he doesn’t expect to be out before election day. Competitors in Oglesby’s race j are J. Floyd Malcom (asking re-I election). E. A. Hooper Sr., and ' CTell Whetsel. H. G. Reeves, a candidate for : Place 4 on the City Commission, I is handing out cards asking sup-j port ill his race, i Some small newspaper ads have been appearing this week in The • Reporter-News, In the interest of Jimmy Partin, a candidate for Pliace 3 on the School Board, He is running against Mrs. Thomas E. Roberts, who' is seeking re-election. The four voting boxes will open at 8 a.m. Tuesday and close at 7 p.m. They are: South Junior High School, for residents of Precincts 1, 2, 7 and 8; Woman’s Building at Pair Park, far persons living in Precincts 3. 4, 5 and See INTEREST, Pg. i-A, Cot. I ;

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Publication: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Issue Date: April 1, 1954

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