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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 31, 1954, Abilene, Texas COOL gJbfltne Reporter- "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT EVENING FINAL ABILENE. TEXAS. WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc H-Bomb Can Destroy Any City, Expert Says graph record, TV set, automobile, Clgarets. SOME DISAPPOINTED, BUT... Cut Pleases Abilenians; Movie Prices Due to Stay By PHYLLIS NIBL'.NG Local computers were getting a lot of excise exercise Wednesday trying to figure out where mer- chants stand after .Congress passed cuts in excise taxes on many erst- while Most merchants and theater- men were happy with the talents, which cut some taxes in half, drop- ped others entirely. Some whose products were not bill were not very pleased" ViBFit, however, like Bert Chapman, local Pontiac auto- mobile dealer, who thought autos were more necessities than furs. "Fifty million people in the u. S will tell you that autos are not he said. "It would be fairer to equalize the whole Mason Hubbard, sales manager at Western Chevrolet, thought it -would have been nice" for the auto excise to have been cut, but granted that the government had and I hope it isn't April Southwestern Bell's local manag- er, George Brown II, said, refer- ring to the fact that President Eis- enhower had not yet signed .the tax bill Wednesday morning. Western Union also found its tax rate lowered from 15 to 10 per cent, It will probably have some ef- fect on volume, but I don't think it will greatly, since telegrams are deductible business expense on the income Manager Tommy Conerly said. Department stores stood to bene- fit through the tax cuts in sales of handbags, cosmetics, jewelry, furs, and other furbelows. to run on something. A. M. Mcllwain, Ford dealer was not surprised at the car tax being passed up, but pointed out that about one-third the cost of a new car was in excise taxes or other hidden taxes. Most local dealers were uncer- tain as to how the slice into ex- cise taxes on household appliances such as stoves, refrigerators, dish- washers, and others would affect retail prices. They were waiting to hear from manufacturers, from whom the tax is generally levied, before doing anything, although most thought they would cut prices. "I think it will stimulate and help R. B. Galbraith Sr. said. "I'm always glad see any of those taxes come off." Disappointment at not getting tho tax on .television and radio sets cut was pretty well balanced by the other tax concessions. they were going to do one and not the other, I'm glad they did it this think a refriger- ator is much more a necessity than a TV set Harold Nixon, mana- ger at B. A. Bible Hardware Co. 53One thing sure, it's going to be a lot cheaper for local college stu- dents to" call their families long-dis- tance to hit them up for a loan. Telephone rates on long distance calls were'dropped from 25 per cent to 10 per cent, the same now as local rates which were also cut by a third. whic.ii were aLc cut by a third. "Starting date for both reduc- tions will be April Fool's Light Freeze Due Tonight The current cold spell in the Abilene area will continue through Wednesday, with a 'freezing dip by the mercury to 30 degrees expect- ed during the night, the U. S. Weather Bureau at Municipal Air- port said. The weatherman said no new cold front has rolled into this area and none is expected. The freeze will be caused by cold air already here, he said. Clear skies and the lack of wind will contribute to the cold, added. he French Hurl Back Howling Rebel Troops HANOI. Indochina de- fenders of Dien Bien Phu hurled back attack after attack from screaming Vietminh shock troops early today, interspersing savage counterattacks of their own. The French high command an- nounced at noon that the garrison was holding all its positions. Rested and regrouped after the beating they took in their initial assaults on the fortress in mid- March, the Communist-led rebels opened their second offensive on the heels of a violent artillery bar- rage. Thousands of wildly yelling rebel troops sprang from foxholes and trenches ringing the dusty, hill- rimmed valley of Dien Bien Phu and charged toward the maze of barbed wire barricades .guarding the French trenches, dugouts and! air strip. j Hurling grenades and firing rifles and pistols, the Vietminh raced into sheets of fire from the American-, supplied guns manned-by a garri- son including Frenchmen, North Africans, Foreign Legionnaires, Vietnamese and pro-French Thai tribesmen. Tanks, artillery, mortars and heavy machine guns cut the rebel ranks. Overhead, every fighter and bomber plane the French could muster laid down blazing barrages of napalm and strafed the Viet- minh concentrations in the greatest aerial assault of the 7-year-old In- dochina war. The Vietminh made six successive attacks on the for- tress defenses but were thrown back each time and each time the Strauss Appears At Press Meeting WASHINGTON White House news confer- ence today brought official disclosures of the awesome power of the H-bomb, an announcement that President Eisenhower will sign the bill cutting excise taxes, and a declaration that i the federal government will act in the New York waterfront strike if necessary. It provided, too, an Eisenhower statement that this gov- ernment's call for "united action" against possible Communist onquest of southeast Asia Most faced no problem in cost- cutting, since the tax has been list- ed separately to the retail price. Taxes were cut from 20 to 10 per cent on tJiese items. "If it's a S5 item, it will just have a 50-cent tax instead of a Ernest Grissom simpli- fied it. "It should, be an incen- tive to some people who have been holding off." George Minter Jr. also thought that the tax cuts would be a help to business, particularly in the higher-priced items. "It's one way of bringing the cost of living down, having more spendable dollars, I he said. "That's kind of the thinking of the people up there (in ington, Guy store manager at Montgomery Ward, thought the tax See TAX CUT, Pg. 3-A, Col. 5 French Union troops moved out in counterattacks. The rebels, who have been round- ing up thousands of guerrilla fight- ers to bolster their elite troops around Dien Bien Thu, hit first at the eastern defenses and then at points along the southern edge of the perimeter. Resumption of the all-out drive to overwhelm France's northwest Indochina holding came after two weeks of rebel regrouping in the jungled hills following an initial assault in which the Vietminh lost an estimated 12.000 casualties. Subversive Groups Outlawed by Senate Approval Forecast WASHINGTON Lfl Rep. Laird1 (R-Wis) said today a modification of the cutback in dairy price sup- ports had the tentative approval of President Eisenhower but secre- tary of Agriculture Benson knocked it out Didnt Intend toKill Windham Testifies Auto Tags May Pass License plate registration for passenger vehicles may go over the mark Thursday, the last day for registration, Raymond ,O. Petree, Taylor Counts' tax asses- sor-collector, said Wednesday noon. The figure reached on Tuesday night was 18.000 a figure Petree originally had estimated would be reached on the final day. His courthouse office planned to remain open until 8 p. m. Wednes- day to accommodate the long lines of late-comers. On Thursday, the office will be open during its regu- lar hours of from 8 a. m. to 5 p. By GEORGIA NELSON 'I Reporter-News Staff Writer I BAIRD, March 31 Ernest Windham, defending himself against a charge that he murdered his brother, John, last Feb. 16, took the witness stand at a.m. Wednesday in 42d District Court here. Testimony was completed'just before noon. The courtroom was packed with spectators filling every available seat and most of the standing room to hear Ernest deny that he in- tended to kill his brother. John was shot to death instantly with one blast from a .32 caliber auto- matic pistol. The shooting occurred at John's ranch seven miles north of Clyde. Ernest lives on a ranch 15 miles south of Baird. Taking the fatal gun in his hand. Ernest demonstrated to his de- fense attorney Del Barber of Colo- rado City, how he jerked back the gun when John grabbed it. He told the same story that state witnesses gave Tuesday about John being seated in his pickup when the shooting occurred. Safety Was On Ernest insisted that the safety m.. he said. With lines stretching into the he anticipated registrations for that one day like- ly would total 800, but might reach on the automatic was on when he put the pistol in his pocket. He said he did not know how the safe- ty-was pushed down or why the gun fired. Under cross-examination by Spe- cial Prosecutor Dallas Scarboraugl of Abilene, Ernest admitted tha he was unhappy over a codici (amendment) that was added t his father's will. Exact terms o the codicil were not brought ou in the testimony. Ernest insiste that he wanted the will to be "jus like my father and mother wante "My father didn't make tha denied he declared. Ernest blamed L. L. Blackbun Baird attorney, and the defent ant's sister, Mrs. Winnie Jordan for having the codicil added t ere Mrs. Polly Higgins, Mrs. Rich rd Windham, both of Baird; ant Irs. Nettie Roberson and Mrs :able Pentecost, both of Abilene The state rested its case Tues ay afternoon after offering 12 wi esses in less than one full day o istimony. Nine witnesses for the defens ate Tuesday afternoon were th efendant's wife: his son. Rich rd, 33, of Baird, and his tw aughters, Mrs. Wanda Jo Me Ac ms of Midland and Mrs, Ca farbrough pf> Dallas; and fiv haracter witnesses. Dissatisfied Over Estate The prosecution offered evidenc o show that Ernest was dissatis- ied with the way in which his ather's estate had been settled nd that he felt his brother, John, vas responsible for the distribu- on made of the property. The defense countered this with witnesses who declared no bad re- ations had ever existed between Srnest and John. Mrs. Windham .nd Richard testified that John had icen a frequent visitor in their lomes. sometimes staying over- night. They, together with both of the defendant's daughters, said Er- nest and John had gone on trips logethor and had a close associa- iion as brothers. Mrs. Windham testified that her husband has not been in good health since 1934. She said he has been under treatment in hospitals in Baird, Mineral Wells and Fort Worth SOT treatment of a paralysis and stomach ulcers. She also told of a trip he made with John to AUSTIN Senate today nanimously passed a bill to out- aw all subversive organizations in Texas, and moved swiftly to start work on the 25-30 million dollar ax bill. Hearing on the House-passed tax Mil was set for 2 p.m. Friday. Un- [er legislative rules, that is the tarliest possible date that it could je scheduled for committee hear- ng, indicating the Senate is in a mood to wind up the special ses- sion's business as soon as possible. The measure to outlaw all sub- .ersive activates and organizations carries the same penalties as a companion bill passed by the Sen- ate last week to outlaw Commu- nists. Both permit imprisonment up to 20 years and fines up to on conviction. Deleted from the measure, how- ever, was the controversial loyalty review board that had been orig- o the floor. It probably will tak everal days. In the afternoon were Hous jommittee hearings on anti-Corn munist bills and on the teache iay raise measures, one of whic 5 the S402-a-ye'ar increase in has lay included in the governor program. The governor's tax bill was d iigned to raise the money to giv inally proposed. A Senate commit- tee struck out that provision ear- leailS there must be a readi- or seven years the United States ess to meet anv kind Of at- has stood firmly for early com- pletion of an Austrian peace treaty. Eisenhower presented a "guest Lewis L. Strauss he teachers and state employes pay raise.' It increases these axes: 1. On present state ;ax of four-tenths of a cent a bot- Je is raised to six-tenths. 2. On present rate of 51.25 on the taxable assets '.or firms incorporated to do busi- ness in Texas is raised to S2. 3. On natural gas-Jhe present' rate of 5.72 per cent on the market value of each cubic feet of gas produced is raised to 9.06 per cent. f the Atomic Energy Commission tell of the hydrogen bomb. trauss said it is now possible to roduce H-bombs powerful enough o destroy any city in the world. On taxes. Eisenhower noted that ic bill whipped through Congress esterday with an overwhelming upport will reduce government evenue much more than he had ecommended. However, he said e believes the excise ve help stimulate usiness and he accepts the reduc- ion wholeheartedly. The President announced he n-ould sign the measure into law ater in the day. Eisenhower had this to say on matters: Indochina and southeast The President and Secretary of State Dulles were in full accord on he1 Monday night speech in which Julles called for united action. He vas no more specific than Dulles n spelling out just what such ac- ion would amount to. New York dock fed- eral government will act if neces- sary to try to end the strike, but local authorities also have a re ponsibility in attempting to settle the dispute. Housing Eisenhower ex- pressed delight that House Repuli-; [lean leaders were, able to get' through an appropriation which, the President said, would assure construction of public hous- ing units .during the fiscal year starting July 1. In the House, how- ever, there is uncertainty as to whether any public housing units can be started, as a result of a parliamentary tangle. sides in the dispute in that part of the world, Eisenhower said, ought to restrain their partisans and extremists, and use a little bit of reason. He added that the United States has thoroughly approved an idea plicit in the United Nations plan for achieving harmony so far as Israel and the Arabs are con- cerned. Foreign Jhe special message he sent to Con- gress yesterday, the President sale pletion of an Austrian pe he President said, adding he sees no reason why it should not con- inue to stand firm. Retirement of Government of- on recent an- nouncements that some key mem- bers of the administration are re- urning' to private enterprise.. the President said a certain amount of that kind of rotation is good. A reporter noted that three oi- Secretary of De- fense Roger M. Kyes. Budget Di- rector Joseph M. Dodge and presi- dential aide C. D. Jackson all are leaving their federal jobs soon. The President said he couldn't praise those three too much, but that able and capable successors were ready to take over in two or the three cases. He didn't specify them. Eisenhower said all three men had come into the government with the understanding they would stay for one year only. It is clear to everyone, the Presi- dent said, that in the light of family responsibilities the officials bear, it .is only natural that they should believe this kind of public duty should be shared. his foreign trade program is keyed to the idea that healthy, two-way trade is the best insurance against the doctrine of statism. Under such a program, the President added statism would not he able to over- come free governments. Europoean said he still is all out for creation of the European Defense Commu- nity calling for a six nation army He said he is not going to think about a possible alternative plan so long as hope remains for EDC. Austrian the last six Security Notes Given to West By Mololov MOSCOW Minister V. M. Moloiov called in the bassadors of the United States. Britain and France today and handed them a Soviet note .con- taining proposals for European se- curity. The ambassadors cabled the text to their respective capitals. They did not disclose the contents. Western embassy officials said the Soviet note was 10 pages long. The Molotov proposals apparent- ly were intended as an advance statement for the Geneva confer- ence of the Big Four with Red China and other powers opening April 26. At the recent Berlin Big Four conference Molotov proposed a Eu- ropean security plan which reject- ed the North Atlantic Trwty Or- ganization and the proposed Euro- pean Defense Community. Molotov asserted that these Western plans divided Europe and set one section of Europe against another, thus threatening peace. lier this week in action recommend- ed by the bill's author, Sen. Rogers Kelley of Edinburg. The measure now goes to the House, where action is also pend ing on the Communist bill. The House passed the measure to raise money for teachers and stata workers pay yesterday most in the precise form recom mended by Gov. Allan Shivers. Final passage in the House wa 110-34 after two days of'wrangling, of impassioned pleas for no taxes and one final appeal Texas, in the midst of a drought. can't stand more taxes. old charged But after it was all over, mem-1 armed robbery in Amanllo uec.i 6 Jurors Chosen In Holdup Trial By HAMILTON WRIGHT mcrly of Cailahan Blast Kills 7 Children CHEEKTOWAGA, N.Y. At j least seven children were reported I killed today in an explosion and fire that ripped through the frame annex of an elementary school in County. Buffalo suburban community. been ex- At least 19 other pupils were burned or otheraise injured. Firemen andtescue workers re- ported finding seven bodies in the >ers shook hands all over the louse. The tax bill was due in the Senate today and will have to go hrough a public hearing and com- mittee action there before it gets. District Attorney Bill Tippcn of Tne 'defense is represented b: Mayo sola. Character Brothers Clinic in Minne- four and building. the defense five and three disquali- I fied themselves. I I The State is represented by Dis-; from 47th District Court at Ama-i Robinson and; k C. Hamilton of Amarillo and! 24, 1952. The trial had been 104th District Court here. Tippen. witnesses who testi- fied to good reputation for being a truttriul were Caila- han County Sheriff Joe Plsrce, C. WINDHAM, Pg. 2-A, Col. 4 Father of School Superintendent Dies Alfred Warren Wells, 79, father of School SupL A. E. Wells of Abilene, died unexpectedly of a heart attack Wednesday morning at his home in Fort Worth. Funeral will be at Polytechnic Church of Christ in Fort Worth Thursday at 2 p.m. Supt. and Mrs. Wells went to Fort Worth early Wednesday upon receiving news that the elder Mr. Wells was critically ill. Survivors include the wife, Mrs. Lillie Wells; one daughter, Espa Wells of Fort Worth; one son, A. E. Wells of Abileat. Mr. Wells was born in Missis- sippi, and had lived in Fort Worth the list 42 yearn. He was retired. court appointed Raleigh Brown, Abilene: Roy Joe Stephens, Abilene said two prospective jur- ors disqualified themselves be- cause they said they did not be- lieve in the death penalty. Copeland and two other men, Earl George Robertson and Joseph District Court when it was Paul Lucas, had been charged by.ized. Indictment with the armed robbery The defendant, who has been in THE WEATHER C.S. OF COMMERCE WEATHEIt STJKEAV ABILEXE AND VICISITY Clear to cloudy Wednesday afternoon. Wed- ,nd Thursday? high Wednes- yon; and Clem Calhoun, Amaril- lu. Calhoun incidentally was the first district attorney of the t04th day. colder p..n nesday nighi and 1 d.y 4WO; Wednesday Bight 30; high lowest ss-se. of Pan! H. Renner, an Amarillo taxicab driver. They were alleged to have made an assault on Ren- ner with a long-bladed knife and relieved him of The other two have been given long peniten- tiary sentences. Those selected for the jury Wed- nesday morning were O. Daugh- crty, service station operator; E. L. Gann, Joreman of Abilene City Sanitary Taylor County jail since last Jan- sat apparently unperturbed. and tonteht lowest 34- d in bUie trousers, two-tonea uary, dressed shoes, maroon sport shirt. He is a blond. Releigh Brown said that the de-iTues. fense had only one witness, thetie- g fendant. The State is expected to ft put five or six on the stand. This is the second time Ccpc% si land has appeared lor trial. His WEST TEXAS: Partly cloudy this after- noon, tonight and Thursday. Colder tonight with lowest 15-23 In Panhandle ard lijtfer South I'lains. 35-40 elsewhere. SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Considerable taidmets and aiacn colder this afternoon lowest 34-a in north, and Scattered thus- ._..._ _ _---------- this afternoon. ____'sdiy. partly cloady and cold. Fresh to stronz winds on the Department; E. D. Spur- case was several from the other ein Oak Street carpenter; Max! defendants. At the Dec. U hearing Nevins linotyper for the Abilene the trial ended In a mlstrii! when J. W-.Yeargan, retired grocer of 1S42 Soum Third a majority of the ISO specUl venire- men were disqualified because 54 a....... 44 45 31 35 43 4S 4'. St.; and J. H. Frailer, salesman they said Ihey had formed opinions. for Sun Electric Co. and for-l'as to CopcUnd's guilt or innocence.! Minimum (or tta M hour. at u-.je
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