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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 26, 1954, Abilene, Texas WARMER Wait gbtlene EVENING FINAL VOL. LXXIII, No. 283 Auociated Preu (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 26, 1954 PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc Still Mightier H-Tests Planned WASHINGTON American nu- clear weaponeers, whose predict tions about the runaway H-bomb lired at Bikini missed the mark by millions of ions of force, propose to go ahead with their schedule for more and mightier blasts this spring. For those tests of the spring series which are thermonuclear, or involving hydrogen bombs, will rely on two things: they 1. An enlarged danger area and Improved warning system. 2. A better estimate of the force to be unleashed in subsequent H-bomb tests. On the basis of comparisons made by atomic authorities in Congress, the March 1 thermo- nuclear explosion appears to have been upwards of 14 megatons energy equivalent to that produced in the explosion of 14 millions tons of TNT. (The old atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima had an energy release of tons, or 20 kilotons.) Using information gained from the first exploratory test of a hy- drogen device in the fall of 1952 raced outward from the scene. It touched with radioactive ash the crew of the Japanese fishing craft Lucky Dragon sailing 70 miles east of Bikini, supposedly- upwind from the explosion. The Atomic Energy Commission announced March 11 that 28 Amer- icans and 236 residents of the Marshall Islands were exposed to! radiation on an atoll to which they had been taken as a precaution before the March 1 test. The com- mission said none were burned! and "all are reported well." ED M. PERKINS new vice president Sweetwoter Banker Takes Post Appoinment of Ed M. Perkins, 38, of Sweetwater, as vice-presi- dent of the Farmers and Mer- chants National Bank was an- nounced in a joint statement Fri- and adding to it new and intricate day by Board Chairman George S. computations from laboratory stud- ies, the weaponeers made an ini- tial forecast for the March 1 weap- Anderson and President Walter F. Johnson. Perkins, presently vice presi- on which was less i dent of the Sweetwater National than half the force eventually attained. This first estimate was revised upward before the test shot, it is understood- But even the revised estimate fell several million tons below the power scien- tists now believe was loosed in the explosion. President Eisenhower, in an understatement, said Wednesday something must have happened that we never experienced before, and must have surprised and astonished the scientists. What happened? Probably not even the nuclear scientists who devised the weapon and supervised its tests know many of the answers yet nor will they until careful analysis of such recordings as could be made of the explosion are worked out on robot computing machines. A multitude of data, including such things as study of the intensity and coloration of light in the explosion as measured against millionth- second nized. timing, must be scruti- Tben, too. probable that the scientists will take another look at the fusionable material used in the weapon and its triggering de- vice before they predict the power of the next thermonuclear bomb. The disconcerting and embar- rassing thing about the March 1 thermonuclear tests was not the terrific blast (there has been no evidence that anyone was injured or killed by the explosion which got out of hand) but the erratic and far-flung atomic cloud that Parking City Restricts Meter To Four Hours Parking of a vehicle in any one parking space more than four hours during any day was ruled illegal Friday morning by the City Commission. Only exception was the off-street parking lots (on South and North First Sts.) and such "other places as may be designated for longer hours of parking." The off-street lots, operated by the city, permit two hours for each nickel and the insertion of up to five nickels at a time (10. They remain the same. At other meters, under the new ordinance, a person would not be Bank, will assume his duties at about April 15. He has been vice-president of the Sweetwater bank since its organization in 1947. Johnson said "We think we are most fortunate in securing Perkins as an official of our institution. We feel that he is a very valuable and experienced addition to our staff and. not only to our staff, but to our community and area." Perkins said he thought bis po- sition here "is a fine opportunity" and one in which he will do his utmost to render a worthwhile service to the banks' patrons and to the community. A native of Dallas, Perkins at- tended Highland Park public schools, and received a bachelor ed a boot shop out and built a bank." Perkins has been vice-pres- ident of the Sweetwater firm since its organization. He is a member of the Sweetwa- ter First Baptist Church, the Ro- ary Club, the Sweetwater Chuck- wagon Gang, and the Board of City Development. He is a past director of the Siveetwater Rotary Club. His wife, the former Jean Ware of Lubbock. whom he married there in 1940, and his four-year-old son, Ronnie, will move to Abilene about the middle of Aprfl. 3 Amarillo Men Among 18 Dead in Crash MEXICO CITY Mexican GOP Committee Cuts Public Housing Plan of business administration degree airljn- h d fl b from the University of Texas in niohf D..I, 1936. He began his banking career in 1934, working during the summer months for the Continental Nation- al Bank while attending college. Perkins joined the bank on a full time basis after leaving col- lege and rose from teller to man- ager-of its collection department before going to Lubbock in the fall of 1939. At Lubbock he was manager of the personal and FHA loans de- partment of the Lubbock National Bank. In March of 1941 he left the Lubbock institution to become as- sistant cashier of the Citizens Na- tional Bank at Crosbyton. He and his father, E. M. Perkins of Lub- bock, owned controlling interest in the Crosbyton bank. Perkins enlisted in the Army in June, 3942, first working in recruit- ing and later going to finance offi- cers candidate school. He was dis- charged as a captain in February 1946. Perkins returned to work for the Continental National Bank at Fort tforth.as manager of the personal oans department. In 1947 he went to Sweetwater vhere he and his associates "mov- I night on Friar's Peak, 16 miles north of Monterrey. All 18 persons aboard perished. Five were from the United States. U. S. Consul Gen. William Ail- shie today identified the Ameri- can jpassengers as James L. Mc- Cormick, George McCormick, and Donald T. McCormick all of Ama- rillo, Tex., Burton Farmer of Guthrie, Ofcla., and Jarnes A. Johnson, whose home town was not learned. The plane, operated by the Mex- ican-owned Aereo Naves lines, was on a flight to Monterrey, via Nogales and Torreon, from Mazat- lan. allowed to leave his car in the same space and sitting keep dropping in another nickel as each expired that is, not for more than four hours in a single day. Also forbidden in the new ordi- nance was: "Parking in such a position that the vehicle shall extend over and beyond the line indicated for the parking zone." Provision is made in the ordi- nance for use by motorists of the courtesy Traf-0-Teria boxes. These have just been placed in each block. People who get overpark- ing tickets may drop them and their fees into the boxes. City Atty. Alex Bicfcley called to the fact that park- ing meters require coins from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on all days except Sundays and. holidays. He said this hasn't been enforced before 9 a.m. and after 5 p.m. The new ordinance was adopted on bolh readings. ON INSIDE PAGES WHAT'S NEWS RED officiols think the French eventually will lick the Communist-led Vietminh in Indochina. Page 3-A. OSCARS re- veals Acodemy Award winners. Page 5-f WORKOUT STARTS Spring training begins for on advance party of Abilene Blue Sox can- didates. Page 6-A. UN editor pens account of visit to United Nations jwsion in New York. Page 1-B. Polio Tests Here Delayed For One Week Polio vaccine field trials, origin- ally slated for Abilene and Taylor County for the of April 5 may be postponed until the week of April 12, Dr. A. G Arrant., med- cal director for the tests, said Friday morning. J. C. Hunter. Jr., overall chair- man for the field trials, biggest medical test in the history of Abi- lene, said a headquarters has been secured in room 210 of the Citizens National Bank building. Opening of the headquarters is sending word from officials of the National foundation of Polio and state medical authorities. Invesiigaiion Sought In Haymes Order LOS ANGELES Hay- mes' lawyer told newsmen yester- day he will seek a congressional investigation of the singer's depor- tation order The David Marcus, said the probe will be asked on the ground that Haymes was "virtually (japped" into violating Immigra- tion laws. Excise Slash Seems Certain WASHINGTON fo-A cut of about a billion dollars yearly on a wide range of federal excise or sales taxes seemed assured today with Senate passage of a reduction bill. The cuts will take effect next Thursday. The Senate approved the bill last night 76-S after two days of lively debate filled with political over- tones in a congressional election year. It was sent to a Senate-House conference, which cannot take place before next Monday after- noon, since both branches are in recess until then. But Sen. Millikin head of the Senate negotiators, said in an interview today he is confident the conferees will act speedily and rush the measure to President Eisenhower. The deadline for the President's signature is next Wednesday midnight. They include furs, jewelry, hand- bags and luggage, cosmetics, sport- ing goods, admission tickets to movies costing less than 60 cents, train-bus-plane passenger fares, telephone bills, telegraph charges, mechanical pens and pencils, light- ers and electric light bulbs. The billion-dollar loss in revenue will add that much to the deficit already forecast for the new financial year starting July 1. The bill also extends for a year, to April 4, 1955, a series of 1951 increases in major excises. These will bring in in added revenue. But the President had counted on this in figuring his next year's budget. Involved are auto- mobiles and trucks, gasoline, to- bacco, liquor and beer. As the House passed the mea- sure, it cut a variety of excises by 912 million dollars. The Senate eliminaled a few House reductions, but made other big ones of its own. The House voted reductions for admissions to horse and dog tracks and to night clubs and other caba- rets, and for club dues, safety deposit boxes and pistols. The Sen- ate rejected these. They will have to be threshed out in conference. The two biggest items in dispute will be a 100-million-dollar slash voted by the Senate on such house- hold appliances as refrigerators, stoves and electric irons and a 65- million-dollar cut through wiping out of the admissions tax on movie tickets and others costing less than 60 cents. SUNDAY HEADLINERS IN THE REPORTER-NEWS This Sunday's Reporter-News will tell the intriguing behind-the-scenes action of the symphonic psalm, "King and Abilene's own a home-grown ballet. Reporter-News Amusement Editor Phyllis Nibling and Staff Photographers Don Hutcheson and David Barros will present readers with a full-page and more on this sub- ject. The Women's Department is going to let some males in- vade its columns. There will be a page about baby-sitting fathers. Snazzy, swanky and just right cute, the WD says in describing this feature. Also there will be sports Double-talking Sports Writer Fred Sanner will be in Odessa to cover the West Texas Relays, and Sports Writer Don Oliver in Brownwood for the Bluebonnet Relays. And there will be the usual complete coverage of world and state af- fairs. HOT ARTILLERY IN COLD ROCKIES of the 4th Field Artillery Battalion fire their 75-millimeter howitzer during the current mountain maneuvers in the-Colo- rado Rockies, after mules packed the gun to this snow-covered spot near a pine forest near Camp Hale, Colo. STORM TOPPLES CHURCH STEEPLE winds that accompanied thunder- storms in North Texas knocked the steeple from atop the First Methodist Church of Mc- Kinney into the street. Workmen are shown repairing power lines also knocked down in the storm. Damage to roofs and windows was heavy in the area as several tornadoes and tornado-like winds were reported in Texas, Oklahoma and Arkansas. Malcom Asks Cut In City Water -i-- _ _ J. J'loyd Maleom made a mo- numbered houses irrigate lawns on resulted "from a Freese Is Nichols tion at Friday's commission meet- ing that customers be allowed 000 gallons instead of the present on the minimum S1.50 month- ly water bill. He specified that this extra al- lowance be only for May, June, July and August. Purpose he gave was that people might be enabled to beautify their lawns during the ummer. His motion died for want of a second. Malcom is a candidate for re- election to Place 2 on the City Commission in the April 6 city election. Conerly Absent Mayor C. E. Gatlin and Com- missioners Jack Minter and A. C. Scott spoke out against the pro- posal. Commissioner C. T. (Tom- my) Conerly, the other member up for re-election, was absent. Malcom was elected to the com- mission 18 months ago in Oc- tober, 1952, at a special election. One of his campaign planks at that time favored giving custom- ers more water on their minimum, bills. Such a proposal last came be- fore the commission approximate- ly two years ago, when the Abi- lene Garden Club argued for larg- er usage on the minimum. Gatlin and Scott said Friday they feared a grant of the addi- tional water usage on the mini- mum (in effect lowering the rates) would hurt the water bond issue probably to be presented to the voters in the next few months. They felt that the financial back- ing of the issue would be injured. Minter opposed Malcom's mo- tion on two counts: The present water supply and the possible ef- fect of the proposed rate change on the city's water revenue. Strain Water Supply "I believe it would reduce the revenue and add more strain to our water Minter said. "Since we may be under a strain this summer anyway, I don't see that we should make it worse." Malcom in arguing for his mo- tion had stated, "We might have to ration water, by letting even- THE WEATHER us. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY Clear to partly cloudy Friday. Friday night and Saturday; warmer Saturday; high Friday 15-80: Friday night 50-55; high Sat- urday 85. NORTH CENTRAL and WEST TEXAS: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Saturday, warmer Saturday. EAST and SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Partly cloudy to cloudy this afternoon. tonight and Saturday. No Important tem- perature changes. Moderate easterly winds on the coast. TEMPERATURES Thurs. P.M. Frl. A.X'. 69 50 70 SO 73............ 52 74 ___........ 53 74 71 48 C5 51 M 55 55 330 M 63 64 'a 51 11 Sunset last night p.m. Sunrise trday a.m. Sunset tonight p.m. Maximum temperature for the 24 hours ended at a.m.: Minimum temperature for. the 3i hours ended at a.m.: 43. Barometer retdlng at p.m. 21.19. toimidliy at me p.m. lift- different days from odd-numbered houses. But we may have to do that anyway." Malcom contended that the high- er allowance of water use wouldn't affect the city's income "it might even be and wouldn't hurt the water supply. Giving people larger allowances of water was favored by the Gar- den Club in February, 1952, at the time the present water ordinance was adopted. By the change voted in February, 1952, the water use on the S1.50 minimum bill was re- duced from gallons to That action of the commission (engineers) report recommending the change in rates. The engineer- ing firm based its recommendation on f. study of Abilene's cost of furnishing water to customers. Hurry On Deadmin Malcom Friday urged the com- mission to make full speed ahead toward channeling Deadman Creek into the city's Lake Fort Phantom Hill for additional water supply. That step was suggested recently by Frcese Nichols as part of a five-year water development pro- gram, for which the commission expects to present a bond issue to the voters soon. CITED FOR CONTEMPT Defense Witness Jailed For Drinking A Fort Worth man who had tes- tified as a defense witness in a DWI trial in Taylor County Court Friday morning was sent to jail himself at noon. County Judge Reed Ingalsbe sentenced Thomas Jefferson King. about 50, to 24 hours in county -jail after finding the man in contempt of court. King was a witness for Edgar II. Redding of 1037 Woodland, Fort Worth, charged with driving while intoxicated. After both the state and defense closed their cases and the jury had been excused for lunch. Judge Ingalsbe ordered King back to the courtroom and asked him whether he had been drinking intoxicants. King admitted that he had drunk "half a water glass of whisky" earlier in the morning. During his testimony King said he was not charged had with any offense at the time Redding was arrested and charged with DWI and that he (King) had re- mained in jail only one night and was released the following mom- ing without paying a fine. Prosecuting attorneys called Justice of the Peace Henry F. Long as a rebuttal witness. Judge Long testified lhat King was brought into his court Monday, Dec. 7, after having been placed in jail Saturday, Dec. 5, and that he fined King a total of (in- cluding fine and casts) on a charge of drunkenness. King was then recalled on de- fense rebuttal and again testified that he stayed in jail only one night and was not fined. Abilene Fire Chief D. C. Musick and Highway Patrolman Ross Kemp were both present. On ques- tioning by Judge Jncslsbe they stated that in their opinions King was intoxicated in the courtroom. Redding and King had testified that they had (tone from Fort Worth to Big Spring and Stanton and were returning to Fort Worth when King's car, in which they were traveling, broke down about three-quarters of a mile west of Merkci. Bolh men said that King and a hitchhiker they had given a ride .started walking to Merkci, leav- ing Redding in the car. King and Redding said the hitchhiker had been driving the car in return for his transportation and that Red- ding had not driven the car the day he was arrested. Constable Luther Land of Mer- kel, a prosecution witness, stated that he found Redding slumped over the steering wheel of a car parked alongside U. S. 80 last Dec. 5 and arrested him. Land said he smelled Intoxicants on Redding and that in his opinion the man was drunk. 4 Witnesses for the state were Land, Onis Graham and F. H. Duncan of Trent. Redding and King were the only defense wit- nesses. The case was to go to the jury Friday afternoon. County Attorney Tom Todd and Asst. County Atty. Lee Button are prosecuting. John and Tom Reid are attorneys for Redding. Ike's 4-Year Plan Slashed WASHINGTON' UP President Eisenhower's plans for a four-year, public housing program were all but scuttled today by a ilouse Appropriations Committee recommendation. The GOP-dominatcd committee asked the House to cut the pro- gram to an estimated units and to terminate it In two years. Its recommendation was con- tained in a omnibus appropriation bill sent to the House Floor for debate next week. The total amount in the bill is 604.837 less than the President cut of 6.2 per cent. It is below what the same agencies received this year. The bill carries funds for the fiscal year starting July 1. A deep cut was made in funds recommended for the Atomic En- ergy Commission, but Rep. Phil- lips (H-Calif) said no reductions in the AEC's construction and weap- ons programs are involved. Phil- lips is chairman of the subcom- mittee which wrote the bill. A big reduction was recommend- ed for the Veterans Administra- tion too, plus new restrictions on the Tennessee Valley Authority's activities. These were overshadowed by the committee recommendations for public housing. No formal explana- tion was offered, other than that slum clearance is the only justi- fication for the program. Phillips said (he public housing program has not worked out satisfactorily. "In many instances." he said, "the people for whom houses were Intended haven't been able to" occupy them.-In some political qualifications, rather than qualifications, appear to have been the yardstick." Elsenhower on Jan. 25 sent Con- gress a message asking that the present public housing program be continued "at a reasonable level." He asked approval of i four-year construction program at the rate of units a year. The Appropriations Committee put a limit of on the new units that may be started during the coming fiscal year, and said the entire program should be wound up with an estimated additional units in the following year. The units approved, the committee said, are those for which the government already has legally committed itself and for which it has made "blinding" con- tracts. The committee cut the Atomic Energy Commission's budget from to a slash of S152.039.300 but an in- crease of over funds given the AEC this year. Phillips' explanation was that the original budget called for 238 million dollars more for construc- tion than was spent this year, but the AEC withdrew the request be- cause it will have sufficient money carried over from previous years for the work. The committee gave the AEC all but of the re- quested for source and fissionable materials; the entire asked for the weapons program, and the full asked for the reactor development program. The research program was kept at the present level of The funds approved for the AEC contemplate average employment next year of a reduction of 380. Biggest cut in the Veterans Ad- ministration budget was 100 million lopped from the re- quested for pension and compen- sation payments. Much of this may be restored later. School Annexation Of Air Base Urged Abilene Air Force Base would j Commissioners also endorsed the have to be annexed to the Abilene j addition of to the con- School District before any federal money could! be obtained for build- ing classrooms for children living on the base. This information given to the City Commission Friday morn- ing by A. E. Wells, superintendent of schools. It was in response to questions from the commission. The discussion centered around tract price on other parts of tte high school project. They approved a net reduction of S137 on the contract. David S. Castle Co. was given the architectural contract for the proposed building of a band room at each of the junior high schools. The firm will receive 5 per cent of the project's cost. Bontke Bros., Abilene, was of Jeanette St. Their bid, the general problem of educating' awarded the job oE paving the 600 the pupils whom the air base will, block of Vine St. and toe 700 block bring. Wells said federal financial aid can be secured to construct facili- ties for children of the air base families who live In the school dis- trict. Addition of R8.100 to the con- struction contract of the new high school, for alr-condltioning the au- ditorium, was approved by the com- mission. was the lowest. The city secretary was authoriz- ed to tidvtrtise for bids to sell a city-owned lot on Butternut St. and 1.61 acres in the Stevenson Park area. All bids received recently tot landscaping the new municipal air- port were turned down, Tbty run higher than
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