Abilene Reporter News, March 8, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

March 08, 1954

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Issue date: Monday, March 8, 1954

Pages available: 80

Previous edition: Sunday, March 7, 1954

Next edition: Tuesday, March 9, 1954

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 8, 1954, Abilene, Texas FAIR gfotlene 3 "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SK ETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron EVENING FINAL VOL. LXXIII, NO. 265 Auociated (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 8, PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY Taxes, Hawaii Debates Slated WASHINGTON IB-Party lead- ers tightened their lines today for Kepublican-Democratic tussles in Congress on two issues: taxes and statehood tor Hawaii. Senate Democrats have been summoned to their caucus of the year tomorrow to discuss a campaign to tie an Alaska state- hood amendment to the Hawaii bill which the Senate has been debating since last Thursday. The Republican leadership opposes the move. The House on Wednesday is icheduled to take up the first big tax bill of the year, a measure to cut many excise or sales taxes, and there may be some prelim- inary skirmishing preparatory to a bigger battle a week later over reducing personal income taxes. Want To Add Alaska In the Senate, Democrats out- number Republicans 48-37. In the House, there are 219 Republicans to 215 Democrats. Each branch has one In the Senate, Democratic lead- ers are seeking unanimous support for a proposal by Sen. Anderson (D-NM) to add Alaska to the Hawaiian statehood bill. Alaska normally votes Democratic and Hawaii Republican. Republicans are striving to keep the bills separate, arguing that the addition of Alaska might sink the statehood ambitions of Hawaii as well as Alaska. Republican Leader Knowland of California has promised that a separate bill for Alaska will be by the Senate later this year. .Some Democrats ob- jected that there is no guarantee such a bill would be considered by the House, which passed the Hawaii bill last year, or that it would be .signed by President Eisenhower. The President has asked state- hood now only for Hawaii. The House, which has acted on only a few bills of major impor- tance since the first of the year, considers today and tomorrow bills to make new funds available for secondary roads and to authorize i 182-million-dollar, three-y ear program of federal aid to hospital building. Then on Wednesday, it will con- sider bill to-slash excise taxes by nearly' i billion dollars a year, down to 10 per cent all levies above that figure except those on liquor and tabacc6. The bill Also would cancel reductions now due to take effect April 1 on liquor, cigarettes, automobiles, gasoline and some other items. Democrats may move to cut some of the excises still further, but in the majn they are pointing toward next week's fight over a major revision of the tax laws to which they hope to attach an increase in the individual income tax exemptions. The administra- tion opposes any increase now. The tax revision bill, which embodies administration recom- mendations for reduced taxes on corporation dividends and higher rate of depreciation for tax pur- poses on new machinery and equipment, came in for more praise and condemnation over the weekend. The presidents of the AFL and CIO. George Meany and Walter Reuther, urged Congress to reject the bill recommended by the Ways and Means Committee as a bounty to business. They said more tax relief should be voted to consum- ers. Scoffing at the claim the. de- preciation allowances would give needed stimulation of business expansion, Meany said the pro- vision "must be considered an in- defensible bounty from the public treasury to business." And Rcuth- er said in a separate statement: "It is almost painfully clear that what American business needs most now is more customers and not some new and special incen- tives to invest in 1954 and 1955." GUNS, GRAIN PEDRO ALBIZU CAMPOS gunpfay at apartment Puerto Rico Seeking Island's'Big Four' SAN JUAN, Puerto Hico Puerto Rican authorities complet- ed their roundup of Nationalist leaders today and pressed1 a hunt for the "big four" of the island's Communist party. Forty Nationalist party leaders and six Communists were arrested in sweeping police raids over the weekend and jaiied on suspicion of subversion. Three more Nation- alists were arrested today. These included Mrs. Angelina Torresola Platell, a sister of Gris- elio Torresola, who was killed in Washington when Nationalist gun- men tried to assassinate President Trumau in' 1950. Another Doris Torreso'.a, was already in jail. A party secretary, she was among five nabbed in a shooting fray Saturday along with Pedro Albizu Campos, 62-year-old chief of the party. 500 Followers The fanatical, independence- seeking Nationalist group is esti- mated to have only 500 followers within the island commonwealth. The roundup of key leaders was launched just: five days after Na- tionalists wounded five U.S. rep- resentatives with gunfire in Wash- ington March 1. Authorities said, the raids' were not con- nected with that shooting.' The half dozen Communists were captured without violence in the second round of arrests yesterday. The four Communists being sought are Juan Santos Rivera, the party president, who reported- ly had Moscow training; Juan Saez Corales, a local labor union organizer; Cesar Andeu Iglesias, former party president; and Pab- lo Garcia Rodriguez, a Harvard- graduated lawyer. In custody as Heds are Con- suelo'Burgos de Saez, wife of Saez Corales; Jane Speed Andreu, 43, of Berkeley, Calif., Andreu's wife; Mariano Arroyo Zeppendfelt, Ra- mon Mirabal, Cristino Perez and Felix Ojeda. Atty. Gen. Jose Trias said both the alleged Communists and Na- tionalists, jailed on bail each, are being charged with vio- lating a local anti-subversive law. Authorities believe the Puerto Rican "Communist party has less than 100 members but fear that it is tied in with the Nationalist faction, which has several hundred followers. Both parties demand complete independence for Puerto Rico, and reportedly the Reds furnished some of the arms for the 1950 Nationalist revolt in which 50 persons w'ere killed. Communist leaders have denied arms aid to the rebels. They also issued a newspaper statement last week disclaiming any connection with the Washington shooting. The extreme Nationalists have gained little legislative support in Puerto Rico. The lower house re- cently rejected 42-14 a resolution calling for complete independence instead of the present common- wealth status. The Senate voted 27-5 against a similar resolution. Albizu .Campos, in a prison hospital, was said by officials to have recovered from the effects of the tear gas that was used in arresting the fiery 62-year-old radical Saturday. Court Rules Senate Crime Information May Not Be Used WASHINGTON Supreme Court ruled today that testimony given before the Senate Crime In- vestigating Committee may not be used in criminal prosecutions in state courts. Justice Black deliv- ered the unanimous decision. The ruling overturned the 1952 conviction of William Adams, of Baltimore in Baltimore Criminal Court as a numbers operator. He had appealed to the higl, court, contending testimony he gave the Senate committee in July 1951 about his numbers activities should not have been admitted at his trial in Baltimore. ADMINISTRATION'S CHOICE? Texan Robert Anderson High On List as Kyes Successor By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON name of Secretary of the Navy Robert An- derson rode high today in specula- tion on the administration's choice of a successor for Roger B- Kyes in the Defense Department's No. 2, job. The White House and Pentagon announced over the weekend Kyes will leave the deputy secretaryship where he has served with Secre- tary of Defense Wilson, since the outset of the Eisenhower admin- istration. Kyes, interviewed at his home near Detroit, emphasized that his resignation "has absolutely nothing to do" with the recent clash be- tween Secretary of the Arrny Rob- ert T. Stevens and Sen. McCarthy Pentagon sources indicated the decision on a new deputy secre- tary already was made and that announcement of his identity could oe expected shortly, perhaps by tomorrow. Only One Year Kyes and his former General Motors Corp. colleague, Wilson, both said the deputy secretary took the job with, the understanding he would remain for only a year. The assumption here is that Kyes will return to some official position with GM. However, he said he was not sure he would return to the automobile business. While Anderson's name was mentioned prominently in vguesses today, it actually was only one of several names of men, both in and out of government, considered pos-' libilities. Those who talked of Anderson, a Texas businessman and rancher, figured it this way: Wi'.son reportedly to turn to the service secretariat in pick- ing a mar. for the second most important job in the huge mili- tary establishment, rather than disturb his "team" arrangement of assistant defense secretaries- In seniority and precedence, the Army secretary normally would r tint. But whilt the White ROBERT ANDERSON may set No. 2 job House and Pentagon have backed Stevens in the stormy row with McCarthy, they may feel they could not promote him to the dep uty defense secretary post with- out risking repercussions. Has Been Praised Secretary the Air Force Harold Talbott has been praised highly by Wilson for his reorgan- ization of procurement programs and business administration but on at least one occasion a com- ment attributed to .him produced diplomatic ripples abroad. Talbott last Nov. 2 was quoted as saying, while on a European tour, the proposed U.S. air bases in Spain eventually would have supplies of atomic weapons if Spain agreed. Next day he denied making the statement and Secretary of State Dulles said there were no such plans. Anderson, on the other hand, is described as having the same management sagacity as the other two service has succeeded, in clear of embarrassments like those suf- fered by Stevens and Talbott. The possibility that an outsider might be asked to accept the job was not precluded in Pentagon talk. Names Not Mentioned In this connection, there was mention of such names as Paul G. Hoffman, like Wilson and Kyes a motor industry man and a for- mer foreign aid program admin- istrator, and of John J. McCloy, New York banker who has held several important government posts in Washington and abroad iuring the last decade. Stevens' encounter with McCar- thy resulted in so many reports that he had or would resign that the Army secretary on Saturday issued a formal denial declaring "nothing could be further from the truth-" Repercussions from the high- level fracas sounded throughout the weekend. Adlai E. Stevenson, the 1952 Democratic presidential nominee cited it Saturday as illustrating his contention that "a politics" party divided against itself, half McCarthy and half Eisenhower cannot produce national unity or govern with confidence and pur- pose." Stevenson spoke to Democratic party leaders in Miami Beach, Fla But McCarthy, vacationing in Miami Beach, said Stevenson's description of the Republicai party "just'isn't so." For Ike "I campaigned for Eisenhower in 1932 and I'd campaign for him again -he said, asserting "the President is right 95 per cen of the time, which is a very big average." He .said he and Stevens "dis agreed on how a job should bi none, that's all." In New York, former Presiden Harry S. Truman, who earlier hai declined comment on the McCar Ihy-Stcvens controversy, said, endorse Mr. Stevenson's ipeec entirely." Rebels Hit Indochina Field Manned by U. S Japan, U.S. Sign Mutual Defense Pact TOKYO and the 'nited States today signed a mu- ual defense pact to give the Jap- nese both guns and grain and asten the day when American oldiers can withdraw from the island empire. The mutual defense assistance a series ol pour 100 million ollars of 'American aid into Jap- n's economy iir the next three aonths and probably amount to riuch more in the long run. U. S. Ambassador John Allison aid the agreement "takes us one tep nearer the time when the Jnited States can withdraw its orces from Japan." Japanese Foreign Minister Kat- uo Okazaki signed for his govern- ment. The agreement will boost Japan's defense force from to 000 men and hold it along more military lines. The United States vill supply ships and planes. The United States also will start the movement of tons of urplus wheat and tons of >artey to Japan. And Japan will sell the grain domestically and in urn use the money lor guns and munitions. Completed in 8 Months" The agreement was hammered out in eight mouths of negotiation which at times brought the Liberal Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshjda. under intense op- position criticism. Despite Social- ist opposition, the government ex- pects ratification by April 1. 'J Allison emphasized that the pact does not require Japan "to send ts young men abroad." He quoted Secretary of State Dulles who said recently the agreement would be 'purely of a defensive nature, dir- ected exclusively toward contribut- ng to the defense and security of he Japanese homeland." However, neither does the agree- ment specify that Japan should not, send troops wherever it saw fit. The agreement binding Japan to he Western democracies in the 'ight against communism provides or destroyers, tanks, jeeps, air- ilanes and other military needs, t also provides for a 700-man mili- ary advisory group to serve with he Japanese defense force. Material given to the Japanese cannot be resold to other nations. The agreement is almost identi- al with similar mutual defense pacts the United States has signed vith many nations. Okazaki noted "our participation n the system of mutual security iignifies another step in our co- iperation with the free nations." The Japanese foreign minister also said that the agreement was mrely defensive and bound Japan o take up no further obligations ban she already has "such as re- quiring the dispatch of our safety orces overseas." The exact amount or number of military items to be furnished is eft unspecified. However, Ameri- can military authorities are pre- pared to go as fast as the Jap- mese wish because Japanese orces must be stepped up sharp- y before any substantial Ameri- can withdrawal. "We can support any kind of pro- ram they are likely to come up one reliable source com- mented. Actually, Emergency Called In Seaport City HAIPHONG. Indochina (S, French military authorities en- forced a state of emergency in this vital seaport today after a Vietminh commando raid on a nearby landing field where Amer- ican air technicians service U.S.'- supplied transport planes for the French war against the Commu- nist-led rebels. Reports circulated that the Viet- minh had declared they planned to attack every area where Amer- ican personnel work. The Viet- minh radio recently accused the Allison and Okazaki signed seven agreements. These are: 1. The mutual defense assist- ance agreement. 2. A purchase agreement cover- ing import of surplus U. S. grain. 3. An economic arrangement agreement. This provides Japan 50 million dollars in surplus grain for sale there. The proceeds are to be spent on military buildup. 4. An investment guarantee agreement. This allows American investors the right to recover in- vestments in Japan and'take out profits. Capital can be taken out after two years at the rate of 20 per cent yearly. 5. An agreement for the return of material no longer useful or needed. 6. An agreement to call the grain procurement a direct purchase in the event the Diet does not ratify the over-all agreement. 7. An exchange of letters stating views on item 4. County Buys HallolU.S.80 Right-of-Way Taylor County commission- ers MI payme: along U. S. 80 west of Abilene for widening and improving the thoroughfare. It passed resolutions on the deaths of a former commissioner and two Abilene attorneys and ap- proved a budget of bills. Payment for right-of-way was authorized for the following: John Guitar, Jr. et al, .091 acres, S50; Howell E. Britain, .75 acre, Frank L. Gerlock .42 acre, S750; and Mrs. W. H. Laney, Howarcl F. Laney and Homer S, Laney, 14.317 wiiich includes dunxges. The lahils" art between Abilene and Tye on the highway which is to be widened and which will pass over the Railroad near the present underpass. So far about 50 per cent of the needed highway In the precinct has been acquired. Some other tracts will have to be handled through condemnation proceedings, commissioners indicated, because of disagreements on their value. The court ordered investment of of permanent school funds in government bonds. This was a transfer of money derived from bonds which had matured. Resolutions of respect were adopted to the memories of Judge E. T. Brooks and F. Grish- am; Abilene attorneys; and" of Lu- ther Webb, who served as com- missioner of Precinct No. 1 for several years. All three died since the last meeting of the court. Report of Herbert Middle- ton, county auditor, .showed a balance in the treasury on Feb. 28 of S632.289.26, not including 734.53 in outstanding warrants. The report showed balance on hand Feb. 1 of receipts during the month of and disbursements of S57.V33.3S. The court approved a bill of for the county's half of the cost of purchase of the disaster warning system at the municipal airport. The commissioners expected Lindberg and Tucker. Abilene architects, to submit revised plans on proposed renovation and alter- ations in the Taylor County court- house Monday afternoon. The plans are to provide for an additional district court room. The altera- tions would shift positions of some of the major offices in the court- house. All commissioners and the coun- ty judge were present at the morn- ing session. United States of intervening in the Indochinese war. None of the 44 U.S. Air Force personnel stationed at the field, Catbi. three miles from Haiphong, was on the airfield when the com- mandos attacked before dawn yes- terday. Another 105 American techni- cians work at Doson airstrip. 12 miles southeast of Haiphong. The French set up prohibited zones around both fields, barring from the areas all civilians except those with special authorization. The rest of the 252 Americans aiding the French in maintaining the planes are stationed at Tour- ane, on the central Indochinese coast. The French announced the sei- zure of 74 men suspected of aiding the Vietminh in the Catbi raid. The military said five of the raid- ers were killed, "several" taken prisoner and three high explosive charges had been seized. The French said "several planes" had been destroyed but that these were light aircraft :roop patrols drove off the raiders before they could reach American- made Flying Boxcars and bomb- ers lined up in the center of the field. Patrols at the two airfields were reinforced after the attack. Pa- trols at all other landing strips in north Indochina were alerted to- day to guard against further Viet- minh raids. Before the arrival of the Ameri- cans, Vietminh commandos raided the Dosou field about a monui ago, damaging: planes -and blowing up -gasoline storage Last Thursday morning rebels wrecked 12 transport planes al Gialam civil airport, five .miles from Hanoi. The attack at Catbi was made by khaki-uniformed Vietminh troops who got on the airfield by convincing the sentinels they were Vietnamese soldiers. Their leader was described as "speaking perfect French." Then the rebels rushed .to put bombs, timed to go off in a few minutes, in the planes lined up on the .runway. .As explosions and fires swept the planes, the rebels opened fire on the airport guards. The French Union patrols report- ed they had no losses but said, "Several of the Vietminh raiders were killed, wounded or captured." The daring night raids on the strips are designed to smash as many as possible of the planes used in the vital airlifts taking troops and war supplies to the big Vietminh-encircled French outpost fortress at Dien Bien Phu, 180 miles west of Hanoi in northwest Indochina. Kinsey Survey Gl Fined for Language STUTTGART, Germany 7th Army headquarters said today Pfc Norman Myers of (5441 Gainor Road) Philadelphia, Pa., has been convicted of using obscene lan- guage over the telephone to female Army personnel. He was arrested last November after allegations that he telephoned Army nurses and told them he was conducting a "Kinsey sex survey." The Army charged he used ob- scene, embarrassing language to question the nurses.. Myers was sentenced to two months at hard labor and fined S40. Upon review, the term at hard labor was suspended but the fine was confirmed. INCLUDES TANKS U.S. Has Given Billion In Arms to Aid Free Nations Visit The Reporter-News West Texan: are invited to visit The Reporter-News ptont and see how their newspaper'is manufac- tured. Visitors' Day is Wednesday of each week al p.m. School classes and other groups are welcome or any time .by ap- pointment. Plebje call 4-7271 or write The Reporter-News. WASHINGTON Wl President Eisenhower told Congress today that in a little more than four years the United States has given worth of guns, am- munition and other military equip- ment to strengthen free nations against the threats of Soviet power. The weapons supplied, he said, included tanks and combat vehicles, aircraft. 601 Navy vessels and two million small arms and machineguns. Tie figures he disclosed in the report on the mutual security pro- gram covered the period from the beginning of military assistance in October 1949 through last Decem- ber. He said that almost 50 per cent of the total was shipped dur- ing 1953. The report pictured many na- tions as regaining economic health and depending less on American assistance. But the President asserted that "as long as the harsh threat to world peace exists our country will continue to shoulder the heavy obligations of world leadership." He said that military assistance and economic aid programs, though constantly revised "cannot be drastically cut without undoing much of the rewarding success which has been so painstakingly and laboriously achieved.'' The President said that in 1949 the United States financed aboul 35 per cent aof its total exports of non-military goods and services by grants and loans, but in 1953 only about 15 per cent was fi- nanced by such aid. With respect to Indochina, the President said that the rate of U.S. military shipments in 1953 was 50 per cent higher than in 1952, and he recalled that the Unit ed States had made available 38." million dollars for Indochina aid in addition to 400 million previ ously appropriated by Congress fa: the present fiscal year. Military shipments in 1953 to ill countries amounted to 000, an increase more than 6C per cent over 1952 shipment. COUNT YOUR BLESSINGS Mr. and Mrs. Harold MuF- phy, of Summit, Ky., are experiencing a streak of ill-fo tune which would "down the most stout-hearted. Murphy, showing his empty, pockets, tells reporters that two days after he was laid off at work his two-room frame house was destroyed by fire. "While searching for a place to live, he stalled his car on a railroad track, and it was demolished by a train. There's trouble in the family, too. The Murphys' seven children have chicken pox. Jail Escapee Objects To Trial in Roby ROBY; Slarch 8. attorneys for the three Eoby jail- breakers who badly beat Sheriff Bogue Wilkins during their escape Dec. 15 Mouday asked Judge Owen Thomas transfer tile first case scheduled1 for trial to another coun- y. Attorney for Amos Benny Bolton, 22, of Dallas, whose trial was Civil Defense Fire-Fighters To Be Chosen Abilene's civic, clubs have been asked to name auxiliary fire fight- ers, who will attend a six-hour school this month. The request was made by Har- Dobbyn, chairman of the panel board of the city's civil defense or-. Sanitation, i Letters to the clubs from Dobbyn asked each club to name two men .o be known as "auxiliary fire 'ighters" who will function with their rescue teams. The fire fighters arc to attend a six-hour school to be held from 7 :o 9 p. m. March 23 through 25 at :he South Seventh St. fire station, 'ust east of Legett Dr. "This is a must Dobbyn said. The letters also asked clubs to announce to their memberships :hat a civil defense, article dealing with rescue teams' operations, as- signments, where to report, and so forth, will be in the March 14 is- sue of The Reporter-News. Clubs were asked to announce to memberships that identifica- ion: cards and arm bands are available and will be sent to per- sonnel in the near future. scheduled" to start here Monday morning, alleged that Bolton eouM not receive a fair trial In Fisher County. District .Attorney Bill Tippea said he would fight the motion for the change of venue (transfer of the trial to another Evidence on the motion was be- ing heard by the court Monday morning. Bolton, Huey Jack Pitts, 20, of Jallas, and John Tarlfou, -21, of Snyder, are charged with assault with intent to murHcr the sheriff. The trio was tracked down by one of the largest posses ever as- sembled in this area following their escape. They had been held in jail here on burglary charges, although only ono of the trio, Tarlton, was subsequently indicted on a burglary charge. Defense attorneys are Roger and Alexander D. McNabb, both of Dallas, and Clay Coggmt of Hoby. THE WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, WEATHER BUKEAC ABILENE AND fair and not so warm Monday and-Monday night, becoming warmer Tuesday. High Monday. 65. low Monday night. 38. High Tuesday near 75. NORTH CENTRAL AND WEST TEX- AS: Clear la partly cloudy this afternoon, tonleht and Tuesday. NO Important tem- perature tuiacges. SOUTH CENTRAL ASD.EAST TEXAS: Partly cloudy and mild this.afternoon, to- night and Tuesday. Moderate variable Tlnds on the HUh and lor temperatures for 24 hours ended at 70 and 38. Hixh and low temperatures sane date last year: 73 aod 43. TEMTEKATUKES Sin. r. M. M.a. A. X, 65 60 67 ........J... 69 44 70 43 69 it 66 4t 57 41 54 44 S3 50 53 1USO 83 53............ M Sunset last nliht p.m. Sunrise to- day a.m. Sunset tonifcht Barometer reacting at p. m. 2834. Relative humkUtj p. 927 Banquet Tickets Sold Reservations for the Abilene Chamber of Commerce 47th annual banquet scheduled Tuesday night numbered 927 at U a.m. Monday, Joe Cooley, C-C manager, an- Cooley said everything is In readiness for the event following a joint meeting Monday morning of the Board of Directors and the National Defense Committee at which'time final plans were made for meeting distinguished guests as they arrive in Abilene Tuesday. The banquet, to begin at 7 p.m. Tuesday in Rose; Field House will have as its principal speaker Gca. Curtis LeMay, commanding gen- eral of the Strategic Air Command. Also coming to Abilene for the affair will be Major Gen. John B. Montgomery, commanding general of the Eighth Air Force at Cars- well AFB; Col. H. R. Hallock, U. S. Corps of Engineers, Fort Worth district engineer; and a number of other special guests from the Army and the Air Force. Gen. LeMay is scheduled to ar- rive at Abilene Air Force Pase about 4 p.m, Tuesday while Gen. Montgomery is expected at 3 p.m. WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES AMAZING pock- ets are stuffed with shunse things according to Abitene PO- lice. See Pojge 1-b- A IIG aJidC United States recently signed a new treaty. .Who! rriir be the See Poge 12-a. irS IASUALL TIME ft seems to be the same cW Itory at Yankees win and the Dodgers kw in rtw Grapefruit Loop battles. SN Page 10-c. ;