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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 2, 1954, Abilene, Texas COLDER Abilene "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SK ETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXXIII. No. 259 Associated Prea ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING. MARCH 2, 1954 PAGES IN TWO PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc Wounded Rep. Bentley Back on Critical List WASHINGTON Congress added 30 guards to the Capitol and resumed business as usual today although still aghast at the incred- ible pistol attack by Puerto Rican fanatics on the House chamber. An air of grimness was height- ended by news that Rep. Alviu M. Bentley seriously wounded of five lawmakers hit by the spray of bullets from a gallery in a critical condition In an 35-year-old lawmaker's physician still gave him only a 50-50 chance to recover despite emergency sur- gery and four blood transfusions. Bentley, hit in liver and lung, was in an oxygen tent. The other wounded lawmakers were all reported to be doing well. About 200 members were in their seats when the House convened at noon. They stood with bowed heads as the Rev. Bernard Braskamp, chaplain, prayed for the recovery REP. BEN F. JENSEN left shoulder REP. ALV1N BENTLEY bullet in chest Building Sets Pace On Business Gains Building permits set the pace for business progress in Abilene during February. At least two other water meters and postal receipts registered gains. One hundred seventy-one bufld- ing permits were issued this Feb- ruary, representing an investment which was more than two tinies the of 1954. The February, 1954, total build- Ing permits also far outshone those for the same month of a year be- fore, when only was the figure. Total building permits for 1954 to date (through February) called for an investment of in construction, compared to the for the first two months of 1953. City water .meters in service showed a net gain of 28 this February to reach a total of 591. Postal receipts were" more than higher this February; than in ttte same inoiith of list' S55.452.09 compared to The February, 1954 total was a lit- tle below the of this Jan- uary, but a post office spokesman said this was due largely to the fact that January Is a longer month than February. of the victims, for strength and faith for their relatives, and for forgiveness for their assailants. Dr. Braskamp visited Bentley this morning and said the wounded congressman had asked that he pray for those who shot him be- _ cause "they did not know what they were doing." The four Puerto Ricans held for the attack were described by po- lice as showing no signs of re- morse. Two of them, in interviews with reporters last night, had declared they were not sorry. Lolita Lebron. 34, who claimed the ringleader's role, summed up, "I do what I must for my country." Intended To Dramatize She said the attack was intended to dramatize the demand by Puerto Rican Nationalists for independence for the island. One of her companions. Rafael Concel Miranda, brushed aside questions about the attack. "We don't talk about the little he said. Also held are Andres F. Cordero. 29, and Irving Flores, 27. All the Puerto Ricans are from New York City. U.S. Attorney Leo Rover an- nounced the government will be- gin presenting evidence against the four to a federal grand jury tomorrow. They are charged with assault with intent to kill against each of the five congressmen. If convicted, they could receive sentences of up to 75 years in prison. If Bentley should die, the charge would be changed to murder which is punishable in the District of Columbia by death in the electric chair. The public galleries in the House were sparsely occupied. Seated inconspicuously among the spectators were plainclothes- men from the Metropolitan Police Force and some FBI agents. Speaker Martin (R-Mass) told newsmen the FBI had sent some personnel' to the Capitol. Given Applause The delegate from Puerto Rico, A. Fernos-Isern, arose to express Ms regrets over yesterday's oc- Wind-Driven Norther Cuts Deep Into Texas LECTURES OPEN TONIGHT McMurry to Award 6 Honorary Degrees The McMurry College Board' Trustees in its annual meeting at 10 a.m. Tuesday at Eadford auditorium heard an address by McMurry President Harold G. Cooke and approved reports of its committees on honorary degrees, budget, audit, and employment and instruction. Six men were unanimously ap- proved by the 37 board members in attendance to receive honorary degrees at McMurry's spring grad- uation exercises, May 25. The six men and the honorary degrees which they will receive are the Rev. John B. Holt of Dal- las D.D., the Rev; Joe Scrim- shire, of Clovis, N. M., D. D.; the Hev. Timothy Guthrie of Vernon. D D the Rev. Jordan Grooms of Big Spring. D.D.; J. Cloyd Miller of Silver City, N. M. and Paul Gates of Lubbock, both to receive an LL.D. J M. Willson of Floydada, chair- man of the McMurry Board, op- ened the meeting with a welcom Ing address at 10 a.m. Dr. Griswold Honored Dr. J. T. Griswold, honorary member and chaplain the board was recognized as honor guest at the meeting. Among others recog- nized were two members of the McMurry College advisory board __Frank Greathouse of Rogers, N M., and the Rev. Edwin Parker o Six new members of the Me Murry board of trustees were in traduced. They were Mrs. W. M Pearson of Monahans, John Town send of Las Graces, N. M., the Rev E. E. White of Childress the Rev. Joe Scrimshire of Clovis N. M., and Charles Lutrick 0 Lubbock. President Cooke's message to th board was concerned mainly wit matters of budget and finance student enrollment, and possibl future expansion of the college He recommended to the board th construction as soon as possible o The House gave a standing round House Speaker Martin said that, for at least several days, tourists See WOUNDED, Pg. 9-A, Col. 8 _ religion building for the college, 'he board approved the resident's ecommendation for the adoption f a comptroller system in hand- ng fiscal matters of the college. Another event to he held on the IcMurry campus will get under- ray Tuesday night in the form of IB ninth annual Wilson Lectures. Dr. Evans to Speak Dr. Louis H. Evans, minister- t-large for the Presbyterian Board f National Missions will start the Villson Lectures at p.m. Tues- iay in the auditorium of the Rad- ord Memorial Student Life Cen- T. Also being held this year in con- unction with, the Willson Lectures are the Denison Lectures. Bishop Hazen G. Werner will de- iver the Denison Lectures and his alfc will be at p.m., also in he Radford auditorium. Bishop Werner is resident bishop of the Civic Club Heads Meet to Name Top Abilenian of 1953 Presidents of 12 Abilene civic and service clubs met at 2 p.m. Tuesday at the Abilene Chamber of Commerce office to select Abi- lene's Outstanding Citizen for 1953 Elbert Hall, CC president, an- nounced Tuesday. This will be the eighth consecutive year the award has been presented. Hall said. Winner of the award will not be made known until the award is pre sented at the 46th annual banquet the Abilene Chamber of Com merce on March S whicil will be held at Rose Field House, Hall said. Organizations represented at the meeting were the Jaycees, Rotary Evening Lions, Abilene Lions, Key City Kiwanis. Abilene Kiwanis Exchange, Optimists, Business anc Professional Women, Altrusa, Jun ior Service League, and Civitan Previous winners were Rosco Blankenship, 1946; Nib Shaw, 1947 Ed Stewart Sr., 1948; D. H. Jef feries, 1949; Malcolm M. Meek 1950; C. M. Caldwell, 1951; and W Werner IS ICSIUCIH. mauuu Ohio area in the Methodist Church. I P. (Dub) Wnght, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES This photo is of the House of Representatives where five Congressmen were wounded when a woman screamed: "Free Puerto and two men opened fire with pistols. STANDING IN GROUP No Texons Hit But Several Soy They Had Close Colls Dust, Snow, Accompanies Cold By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS An Arctic cold front sped deep into Texas Tuesday, threatening blossoming fruit trees, stirring up clouds of dust, and promising the Panhandle one of its coldest nights of win- Temperatures were to drop close to zero in the snow-cov- ered upper Panhandle, where Dalhart had a mantle of white. The freezing line was expected to extend well into South Central Texas by early Wednesday. Thousands of budding fruit trees lay in the path of the frigid winds. The gigantic wind-driven norther was composed of two cold fronts that merged in the Panhandle, and was part of a cold wave that covered most of the nation. The most severe norther re- quired only 24 hours to rush from Canada to Amarillo. Clouds of dust accompanied the front as it blustered into Northwest Texas. Amarlllo's visibility was re- duced to one-half mile shortly after the front arrived Monday night. An hour later, when snow began fall- ing, visibility rose to two miles. WASHINGTON Wl Texan.1 was hit when Puerto Rico Nation- alists sprayed the House of Rep- resentatives with pistol slugs but several said they had close calls. The were jtapding in. fairly compact group on the House floor yesterday when the shooting occurred and offered a good tar- get. The upper west spectators gal- lery of the chamber is halfway; across, the large room from thej Democratic side of the House where the Texans usually sit. Be- publican members of the House sit almost directly underneath that portion of the gallery. j Three of the five Congressmen! struck were Democrats and they probably offered a better, although more distant, target for the gun- wieldlng Puerto Ricans. Thompson Outside Room Rep. Clark Thompson of Galves- ton said, "it was a miracle that more Members of Congress were not hit." Thompson said he had just stepped outside the House chamber to talk to a Texas news- man, unidentified, when the shoot- ing started. Thompson said he rushed back into the chamber to the side of the wounded Congressmen when he heard the shots. Rep. J. Frank Wilson of Dallas said "it wasn't bravery" that kept him standing when the shots be- gan to fly. "Even after I saw plaster fall when a bullet hit the ceiling I couldn't believe real bullets were being fired, it was so the Dallas conservative said. Like several other members, Wilson said his first thought was that somebody was shooting off firecrackers in the chamber. "Cliff Davis (one of the wounded AT FAT STOCK SHOW Youths Share Lamb, Swine Honors; Steer Judging Set men) ray right O. Clark lated after the incident. "He was hit in the leg. A bullet missed my nead by -about eight inches and Bep. Roberts (D-Ala) in the leg." Fisher said there were 243 mem- Rep. Burleson Saves Builel For Evidence By LESLIE CARPENTER Reporter-News Washington Bureau WASHINGTON. March 2 Rep. Omar Burleson of Anson, a former FBI man, acted quickly to pre- serve evidence, immediately after he gunfire ended in the House hamber Monday. He picked up the bullet which lad gone through Rep. Kenneth loberts' leg, after joining others _n seeking to help the wounded congressman. Roberts is a Demo- crat from Alabama. Burleson looked for other injured congressmen and saw they were all being cared for. Then he noticed that one mem- ber was sticking his finger in a hole pierced by a bullet in the >ack of a seat. Burleson went to he House cloakroom to get some ____j ._.......o _r tape to place over all bullet holes I there I couid have been shot by so the police could examine them jefore they were further damaged by curious congressmen. Wounded Rep. Roberts was on the same row of seats with Burle- son and about 15 feet away. Rep. Clifford Davis another victim was only two rows of seats in front of Burleson. 'I looked up in the gallery when By BOB COOKE Reporter-News Farm Editor Youthful exhibitors trom Run- nels, Nolan, Fisher, Mitchell Coun- ties Monday took a lion's share the top honors in the district lamb and swine division the Abilene Fat Stock Show. Dr. Bill Warren of the animal husbandry department of Texas College got a late start on judging the swine and it was near- ly dark Monday night before he finished his job. The swine show was held at the McM LECTURESHIP PROGRAM TUESDAY 7-15 Hazen G. Werner, Denison Lecturer. Louis H. Evans, Willson Lecturer, "What of WEDNESDAY Hazen G. Werner, Denison Lec- 11-00-12-00 Louis H. Evans, Willson Lecturer. "How Do You 2-30-3-30 p m Joe J. Mickle, Willson Lecturer. "Christian Higher Education, 1960" Livestock Auction Commis- ion and because of the numerous ntries in several of the classes. Dr. Warren had to judge the hogs i the runways of the cattle pens. James A. Gray, San Sngelo, Ex- ension Service animal husband- man, finished up judging the sheep at midafternoon. Winters FFA Wins No champion or reserve is amed in the sheep division of the Abilene show. Three of the seven first places in the division were von by members of the Winters FFA Chapter, with two going to Blackwell boys, one to Merhel and Colorado City exhibitors. In the swine show. Buster Brown, 13, Fisher County 4 H boy from Sylvester, had the ;rand champion barrow; and Than Richburg, Roscoe, showed the re- serve champion. Both boys had Durocs and both were first and second place winners in the mid- dleweight class. Edgar Davis, chairman of the show sale committee, announced Monday that show premium mals would be increased from 60 to the top 70 steers, lambs, and swine. Sale of animals that placed in the county and district shows, but not in the top 70, and sifted animals vrill be held Wednesday mornins in the sale ring of the Abilene Livestock Auction Commis "I saw three people waving pistols and firing. The lady was also waving a flag and screaming, 'viva, viva, viva "Most of the members fell to the Fisher said. Hep. W. R. (Bob) Poage of Waco was laughing at Fisher, who was crouching on the floor, when a bullet whizzed between the two 'i'exans and struck Rep. Robert: In the leg. Poage was Laughing 'I didn't believe it." Poage said afterward. "I walked over to Clark Fisher and told him, 'that's nothing but blanks. If they were bullets they'd be hitting some- thing.'" That's when Roberts was bit. Poage was among several Con- gressmen who thought they heard the gunmen shout, "Viva Mexico." "We had just finished the vote on the Mexican'Labor Rep. Wirgate Lucas of Grapevine said, "and 1 looked up and saw people firing. Some of the bullets were coming down at us. Lucas in Middle "I was right in the middle of he told the Fort Worth Star-Tele- gram. "You know I could have been shot." Lucas said he ran to the gallery as quickly as he could. "A bunch of us helped push the officers and the prisoners in the he said. "Afterwards, I realized how fool- hardy I had been in running up lion. Mil of prtmium be jn the same ring Wednesday afternoon. Judge Capons, Broilers Tuesday morning W. J. Moore former Extension Service poultry husbandman, began judging capons and broilers. Tuesday afternoon the 125 steers are to be judged by Dr. Warren, beginning at 1. The 35 pens of rabbits also will be judged Tues- day afternoon, with Johnny Houtz of Fort Worth doing the judging. In the lamb show Monday, Dwayue Williams, 15, and Bobby 3enny, 17, both Winters FFA boys, showed thes first place cross- bred and Southdown or Southdown crosses, respectively. The Winters FFA Chapter also had the first place group of 15 for one FFA or 4-H Club. Elwood Harris is the Winters FFA supervisor. Payton Scott, Merkel FFA boy, had the first place medium wool lamb. The first place fine wool lamb belonged to Wayne King, Black- well 4-H boy who was absent but his lamb was shown by Thel- bert Henson, Blackwell FFA. Steve Reynolds, Hamlin boy, had the first place lightweight barrow. First plate group of three barrows was shown by Brown. The Cisco FFA Chapter had second place group of three. S. G. I heard the first Burleson said. "I saw those guns and thought they were aimed directly at me. I didn't believe they were shoot- ing live ammunition." Rep. George Mahon of Colorado City said he thought it was some children with firecrackers. He de- scribed the whole experience as "unbelievable." When Rep. O. C. Fisher of San Angelo iuraped under a table. Rep. W. R. Poage of Waco kidded him. "I told him it was just blanks and to get Poage stated. "I should have been in an infane asylum." one of those fellows." Lucas said he was the first House member to the gallery. A Congressman sitting directly in front of Rep. Lloyd Bentsen Jr. of McAllen was struck by one of the shots. Bentsen recalled, in tell- ing of the shooting, that he hanged in efilgy by Puerto Rican revolutionaries in San Juan in 1950. Rep. Brady Gentry of Tyler sa' only three seats from Rep. Alvin See NO TEXANS, Pg. 9-A, Col. 3 Snow stopped falling in the Pan- handle around 9 a.m. Tuesday, and skies were clear to partly cloudy throughout the state. Canceled Prediction The front pushed in so rapidly, that it cancelled a U.S. Weather Bureau prediction of heavy pre- cipitation over the state Wednes-1 day and Thursday. As one weather observer worded it: "Conditions changed so rapidly, that the long-range (five-day) fore- cast became obsolete in a matter there still may cloudiness few flur- The Monday night snowfall did not exttnd below AmarUlo, .01 of an inch of moistupila recorded. Perryton had two incl of snow on the ground and Pampi and Panhandle one inch. Highways were reported clear In the Panhandle, although motor Ists were advised to drive with caution. In New Mexico, the worst dust storm since the 1930s rolled out of ;he northeast like a spectre from the past. In Colorado, the snow- fall cut visibility and turned the state's highways into death traps 'or four persons who died" in sepa- rate accidents, all attributed to icy roads. Near-blizzard conditions pre- vailed in both states. The arctic air that flowed from Northern Alberta sent tempera- Lures below zero In the Northern Plains and along the eastern slopes of the Rockies. Schools were closed and highways impeded by heavy snow in Ohio, Kentucky and Ten- nessee. Eleven deaths were attributed to the storm In Cleveland, one in Toledo and one in Friendsville, Term. Winds accompanying the double norther into Texas kicked up heavy dust with their 40-45 mile per hour velocity late Monday night. But by Tuesday morning, the winds had diminished some. Amarillo report ed gusts of 34 miles per hour while Dalhart reported gusts up to 25 mph. Snow continued to fall both Amarillo and Dalhart. Blowing dust dropped visibility at Wink to a half mile while Mid land, Marfa, and Childress also reported low visibilities. The Weather Bureau said initial dus seemed "shallow" in Texas. The forecasts called for freezing rain or snow in the interior o East and South Central portion of the state and occasional rain on the coast by Tuesday nighl Occasional snow was expected in North Central Texas Tuesday am Wednesday. Hard Freeze Due Tonight; Snow Unlikely Rain or snow is not expected in the Abilene area from the wake of a double-barreled norther that blew through the city in pre-dawn hours Tuesday, but the sting of the intry storm will be felt here. The U. S. Weather Bureau fore- ast freeiing night-time tempera- ures of near 20 degrees. Two cold fronts that teamed up the Panhandle hit Abilene short- y after midnight Monday with dust- alsing winds averaging 30 milei i hour and gusts up to 40. Visibility here dropped to six miles for a period of about an hour beginning at but by had increased to 20 :ere out of Ole nortil ___miles an hour. Lowest, temperature thus far from the norther was 33 degrees shortly after a.m. A weather- man said the mercury would rise to 45 during the afternoon. Tuesday morning the cold front extended from extreme northeast "exas to Sac Antonio, Del Hlo and 'residio. Rain was falling in [arrow band along the front from last to Central Texas. The air aloft over Abilene is ery dry, a weatherman said, and t is very unlikely that any mois- ure will fall here. Some light snow probable in North Central Tex- i. Main force of the norther will felt in the north and east por- ions of the state as the cold front moves southeastward. Snow was ailing in the Oklahoma City area Tuesday morning. Amarillo had blowing snow but no snow was reported to the south at Lubbock. Skies were cloudy in the Panhandle. The forecast at Abilene calls for partly cloudy and colder weather Wednesday. High Wednesday will be 45. Lawn, wii third In NO ELECTION? ONLY 4 DAYS LEFT TO FILE No candidates, no election? With the deadline only four days off, nobody -harl filed as a candidate for any City Com- mission or School Board race up to Tuesday morning. Candidates must file by 5 p.m. Friday, March 5. The Abilene Good Govern- ment League, through its advis- ory committee, is selecting a siatt of nominees to place on the city ballot. League President James Binion said a mass meeting of his organization is planned be- fore Friday to announce the nominees. The annual city election will be held Tuesday, April 6. SAM HOUSTON LOST OUT AS HOMETOWN DELEGATE One of the strongest voices at the convention 118 years ago today that approved the Texas Declaration of Inde- pendence had the weakest support of Texan voters. The voice was that of Sam Houston, which previously had been heard for two terms in the U.S. House of Repre- sentatives, as governor, of Tennessee, and as major gen- eral of the Tennessee militia. He moved approval of the Declaration of Independence, a prelude to his being named commander-in-chief of the Texan army and his later ascension to the presidency of the Republic of Texas. His home municipality, Nacogdoches, however, refuse- to name him as a delegate to the convention. He got but 55 out of 610 votes. He appeared at Washington-on-the-Braz- os, however, as a delegate from Refugio, where he re- ceived 44 votes. Soldiers stationed at Mefugio, who cast 172 votes for members of their own forces, were held in- eligible to vote. therefore, the big voice of the convention had been rejected by his fellow townsmen in Nacogdoches and his soldiers at Refugio. Thus begins the story of the Republic of Texas, as re- lated in Heritage Days, to be found on page IB. From day to day, Heritage Days is to trace the Texas inheritance of liberty, leading to the glorious victory at San Jacinto. Follow Heritage Days every day in The Reporter-News. Clip the articles for a scrapbook that tells the story of the birth of the Republic of Texas. WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES ACQUITTAL Fisher County commissioner found innocent of embezzlement and misap- propriation of county funds. Page 5-A. DETAILS SOUGHT Demos wont more information on "se- curity risk" firing of govern- ment employes. Page 10-A. ZONING RESOLUTION City Zoning end Planning Commis- sion resolves schools ought to be surrounded by residential zones. Page 1-B. HARBOR PICKETED Union picketing of New York harbor threatens major tieup. Page 8-B; THE WEATHER TT S. DE1-ARTMEXT OF COXMEKCK WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY Partly cloudy colder Tuesday, Tuesday night mad Wednudfty. Hlsfa temperature Tces-
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