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   Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 1, 1954, Abilene, Texas                               DUST AND COLDER gfoflene WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron EVENING FINAL VOL. LXXIII, No. 258 Associated Prea (Af) ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 1, 1954-TWENTY PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOe Bullets WoundS Congressmen Nehru Rejects U. S. Arms Aid NEW DELHI, India Minister Nehru bJst- eringly rejected President Eisenhower's offer of arms aid for India today and demanded that American observers with the U.N. cease-fire team in disputed Kashmir be withdrawn. By giving military aid to Pakistan, Nehru told his cheer- ing Parliament, the United States had intervened in the In- dia-Pakistani fight over the Himalayan state and the Ameri- can observers therefore "can no longer be regarded by us as neutrals." At the end of 1953 the United States had 14 officers with the 48-member U.N. military) mission supervising the Hash- j letter made no specific mention of ran- truce. The U.S. Air Force the U.S. arms offer, also makes a C47 transport and crew available when need- ed. Eisenhower's offer of American arms aid "has done less than jus- tice to us or to himself." the Pre- mier declared, continuing: "If we object to military aid being given to Pakistan, we would be hypocrites and unprincipled op- portunists to accept it ourself." Announcing the aid to Pakistan last week, Eisenhower had said the United States would give "most sympathetic consideration" to any request from India for such help. In a letter to Nehru he also as- sured India that the United States would see to it that Pakistan used the arms from America for de- fense only. Nehru today made public his three-paragraph reply, thanking the U.S. President "for your per- sonal message" and saying his governnjent would continue to fol- low its present policies "which are based on a desire for peace." India now buys her arms where she pleases and does not accept direct arms aid from foreign govern- ments. Other than this, however, the 13-Inch Snow Falls In Northern Ohio By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The heaviest snowfall of the winter dumped up to 13 inches on northern Ohio, and spread a thick, cold blanket over eastern Tennes- see. The snow deepest in the _ Cleveland area where schools been" kind" closed, air passenger service was clear. In a speech two days ago he The Premier's review in Parlia- ment of the arms aid question was another matter, however. "I have no doubt the President is opposed to Nehru said, commenting on Eisenhower's assurance that the aid to Pakistan would not be misused. "But we know from past experi- ence that aggression takes place and nothing is done about it. Ag- gression took place in Kashmir 6fe years ago and thus far the United States has not only not condemned it, but we have been asked not to press it in the interests of peace. Aggression may well follow in spite of the best intentions of the Pres- ident and then a long argument will ensue on what exactly is ag- gression." He cited press reports of con- gressional testimony by U.S. Assist- ant Secretary of State Walter Robertson on Feb. 26 that "the United States, must dominate Asia an indefinite period until the Communist countries in Asia crack up internally." Conflicting Reports Nehru stated there had been "conflicting reports" on exactly what Roberfefin "but whatever the wording, for a re- sponsible official of the United States to say they must dominate Asia for an indefinite period is strange. "Whatever the objective may be, the countries of Asia do not intend to be dominated by any country for any purpose." Nehru continued: "it is said this aid is intended to protect Pakistan from aggression. I am unable to see any danger of aggression to Pakistan from any quarter. How- ever, Pakistan's United Nations d. 'egate Mr. (Ahmed) Bokhari. has suspended, and bus transportation was snarled. The tri-cities airport near Kings- port. John City and Bristol in north- eastern Tennessee reported 12 inches of snow on runways. Hun- dreds of telephone circuits were cut and power failed as snow-laden lines collapsed. Knox County schools were closed. said Pakistan wanted to guarantee her frontier against the two biggest powers in referred to China and India. "It is not clear to me how China is going to invade Pakistan over the Karakoram Pass (on the Kash- mir-China trade route) and as for India we have repeatedly shown our peaceful intentions." BOY TELLS POLICE TO LOOK IN SOFA-.DADDY'S HOME SAN FRANCISCO seeking to serve six traffic warrants on Theodore Martin Sr., went to Ms home Saturday. They said Mrs. Martin assured officer Jerimiah Taylor i that Martin, an auto mechanic, was not at home. But 3-year-old Theodore Jr. knew differently. "Daddy's in the front he proudly told the policeman. Taylor went into the living room. There were empty chairs, a rug on the floor, an unoccupied no Martin Sr. "Look in the little Ted shouted gleefully. And there was Papa Martin underneath. He was booked at city prison and held in lieu of bail. Said Martin, "That's all right. I've always told Ted to tell the truth." Ike Opposes Tax (u! How, Martin Says WASHINGTON House Speaker Martin said-at the White House today he has no doubt that President Eisenhower still is op- posed to any cut in personal in- come taxes at this time. Martin made the statement to newsmen after the regular Mon- day morning conference of Repub- lican congressional leaders with the President, and said he based it on views voiced by Eisenhower earlier this year. He said the "mechanics" of tax legislation soon to come before the House were discussed at the conference, but he emphasled that the -President expressed no view regarding income tax cuts at today's session. Sen. George backed by some of his Democratic colleagues, has proposed that personal in- come taxes be cut through larger personal exemptions. His plan calls for increasing the exemption from the current a year to S800 for 1954, with a further hike in the exemption to next year. Secretary of the Treasury Hum- phrey, who sat in at today's White House conference, is on record again'! any change in the person- al exemption at this time. THE WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT CF COMMERCE WK.VTHER BUREAU ABILENE AND except tor dust, warm and windy Monday turn- in? colder Monday night. Considerable dust late Monday alternoon and night. Cold Tuesdav. High temperature Monday degrees. Low Monday night 25 to 30. High Tuesday 40. NORTH' AND CENTRAL TEXAS: .Fair and warmer this afternoon. Increasing cloudiness tonlfht Tuesday, turnini much colder Tuesday. Lowest tonight 3O-40. WEST TEXAS'. Cold "wave entering Pan- handle toaiftht. spreading southward Tues- day. Fair this afierDDon. warmer except In Panhandle. Increasing cloudiness to- night, turning much colder and a few snow flurries tonight. Tuesday consider- able cloudiness and much colder with a few snow flurries in PanJjandle. EAST TEXAS: Fair and warmer this afternoon, increasing cloudiness tonight, in south portion. Tuesday mostly cloudy and turning colder in north portion. Fresh to locally strong southerly winds on the coast, shifting to northerly Tues- day.____ SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Increasing cloudiness and warmer this afternoon and tonieht. Tuesday mostly cloudy turning much colder in northwest portion in after- noon. Fresh to locally strong southerly winds on the coast, shifting to northenv Tutsday. Sun. P.M. 52 54 55 55 55 55 55 TEMPEUATCHES 39 40 fl-30 42 930 49 40 54 39 60 42 .......'____ 63" Sunset last night p.m. Sunrise to- day Sunset tonight p.m. Maximum temperature for 24 hours end- ing at a.m. 56. Minimum temperature JOT 24 hours end- Ing at a.m. 37. Barometer reading at p.m. 27.S3. Belatlve humidity at p.m. 15rc. Does Heavy Damage DAINGERFIELD of un- known origin swept through part of the business district of this East Texas town yesterday, destroying wo buildings and badly damaging two others. NEW AIR FORCE INTERCEPTOR The above photos, just released by the defense Department in Washington, show the Air Force's new supersonic delta wing intercept- or, the F-102, built by Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corp. The F-102 is an all-weather interceptor whose 'delta wing configuration resembles that of its research predecessor, the experimental XF-92, completed by Convair for the Air Force in 1948. March Gets Gusty, Dusty Start Here March was to get-olf to a gusty, handle Monday night and Tuesday, usty-start in Abilene with the ar- rival of a high-speed norther at dusty-start in 'Abilene with the ar- The coM weather .will rout balmy ,i...i I .temperatures in the rest of the mid-afternoon, the U. S. Weather Bureau said Monday. The cold front, with winds of 40 to 45 miles an hour from the north and northwest, will be fol- lowed by an even colder norther between midnight and dawn Tues- P' siaie luesuay. A prooable. freeze in all the state except the coast and extreme Soutl Texas was expected early Tues- day. The second norther was rolling across central Vyoming Monday day. j morning. A high temperature of 65 de-j Ahead of the cold front, skies grees was forecast for Monday and mostlv clear and temuera degreGS iS The mercury will dip to 25 to 30 degrees Monday night. At a.m. Monday the first norther was in the vicinity of Ama- urday. Pre-dawn temperature mln- imums ranged from 23 at Salt Flat to 45 at Laredo. Minimum temperature in Abi- lene for the 24 hours ending at rillo and traveling so fast it would a_m. Monday was 56 degrees be out in the Gulf of Mexico by The norther scudded into the tip of the Panhandle soon after dawn. Snow flurries and bitter temper- atures were forecast for the Pan- and the low for the same period 37. Except for dust, fair weather is to continue here with the colder temperatures Monday night and Tuesday. Recommench Vote AUSTIN stale American Legion executive committee has recommended full voting privi- leges for Negro members. Heretofore, they have had a separate Legion' organization. Solicitation Begins In Red Cross Drive Taylor County's Red Cross 1954! St. He also said if any person fund raising drive for got wishes to work as a solicitor in underway Monday morning when the drive he may do so by con key men and solicitors in the drive tacting Mrs. Mattie Belle New- McCarthy Calls on Army Men In First 'Post-Truce' Move WASHINGTON McCar- thy (R-Wis) took up his digging into what he calls Army "coddling of Communists'' today, and by con- trast with the sometimes one-man hearings of the past there were three other committee members on hand. It was the first session since McCarthy's sensational public row with Secretary of the Army Robert T. Stevens over alleged abuse of uniformed witnesses. McCarthy tapped two witnesses for questioning behind closed doors. They were Pfc. Marvin Belsky, x doctor at the Army's Murphy General Hospital at Waltham, Mass., and Sid Rubenstein, who told reporters he recently left the Army as a private. Declined to Say Belsky declined to explain why t doctor would have the rank only as a private, since most doctors, commissioned officers. Staff aids to McCarthy's Senate Investigations subcommittee said both would be questioned as to whether they had signed loyalty oaths when they entered military Service. Refusal to sign such an oath would be reason for denial of a commission. In addition to McCarthy, com- mittee members attending the ses- sion were Sens. Mundt Potter (R-Mich) and McClellan CD- Potter said last week that Stevens had been given assurances there would be no abuse of army witnesses in the future. Over the weekend, a high ad- ministration source informed re- porters that the White House had passed the word it hoped Republi- can members would see to it that McCarthy was not left alone to question subcommittee witnesses, either in public or private. Mundt, just before going into the closed hearing, said there had been no such White House request to him. He said he believes reports of such requests "are completely and totally wrong either planted by someone irresponsible or cooked up by someone partially respons- ible." At the White House, meentime, congressional leaders were asked after their regular Monday morn- ing conference with the President whether they had discussed McCarthy committee procedures. In reply, Sen. Knowland of California. GOP floor leader, em- phasized, that it was a matter for the Senate itself and declared it would be "entirely improper for the executive 'oranch of. the gov- ernment" to make any suggestions dealing with the operation of con- gressional committees. Knowland said he did inform President Eisenhower of the Sen- ate Republican Policy Committee's decision to investigate the possibil- ity of changes in Senate rules gov- erning investigations. Asked whether Eisenhower had any comment on that, Knowland said he did not and repeated that in his view it would be "entirely improper for'' Eisenhower to take any part in such a matter. As for the report the White House wanted no more one-man McCarthy hearings, Knowland said he could not speak for others but Eisenhower had sent "no such word to me." McCarthy has declared he made no concessions ta to conduct of hearings iu his "truce" witn met in the Hotel Windsor for a berry at the chapter house, kick-off coffee RobertSon said in conjunction French Robertson, Red Cross beginning of the drive, Fund chairman for the believe Abilene and Taylor said that some 200 solicitors -would j County will meet this obligation Abilene" !and I feel that-ev- Other towns in the county also eryone understands how important began their drive Monday morn- the Red Cross is to the local com- ing, Robertson said. raunily, the state and the nation About 23 major gift workers in lending a hand when it is need- have been working for the past 10 days in their phase of the drive, Robertson said. Such classifications as college, rural, Negroes, oil. doctors, den- tists, schools and public employes have their workers organized to handle solicitation within their own groups, the fund chairman reported. Robertson stressed that the drive is to end on March 15 with five days between March 15 and 20 devoted to the residential area for contributions. This part the drive will be under the su- pervision of women's organization, Robertson said. Mail Contributions Asked Robertson explained that if any person is not contacted and wants to contribute to the drive, he may do so by mailing his dona- tion to the American Red Cross Chapter House, 1610 North Second AVOCA TO MEET CHAMP CAYUGA 'AUSTIN, March 1. Avoca Mustangs, Region n-B basketball champions, will face Cayuga, the defending cham- pion, in the first round of the Class B state tournament at Gregory Gym here Thursday at a.m. Lawyers Ask Murder Bill Be Tossed Ouf ALICE for two Texas Bangers accused of trying o murder political boss George Parr asked today to have the in- dictment out of court. The motion based on grounds that three jurj commissioners who chose the current grand jury were not qualified to serve on the com- mission. The Jim Wells County grand tiry returned the assault-to-mur- ler indictment against Capt. Ai- red Allee and Ranger Joe Bridge ollowing a courthouse scuffle here Jan. IS. Ear Bloodied Parr had his ear bloodied and us nephew, Duval County Sheriff Archer Parr, had his glasses tnocked off in tfee brief scuffle. Alice drew his pistol but holstered t when a reporter yelled at him. The Rangers' motion challenged Jury Commissioner W. C. Johnston on grounds he had not lived in Jim Wells County the required six months.when he was appointed. The other two commissioners, B. 0. Goldthorn and Sidel Rul, were challenged on grounds that when they were appointed they already were serving on a grand jury. Representing Alice and Bridge were Jacob S. Floyd of Alice and he Corpus Christ! law firm of Hyde, Shireman and Barber. The courthouse scuffle occurred while Parr waited to-plead inno- cent to charges he illegally carried a gun while observing a meeting of the Freedom Party, which opposes him. His trial is set {or March 15. Since then, Atty. John Ben Shep- pert and internal revenue and pos- tal ageats have brought into the open a long investigation Into the affairs of Parr and two Duy County school districts. Sought Injunction After the Hangers were indicted Parr sought a federal injunction ordering them to leave him alone He ciairaed they had shown dear- ly that they wanted to kill him. The political power engaged Ar- thur Garfield Hays, widely known New York civil rights attorney, and a hearing on his motion was held in Houston before Federal Judges T. M. Kennerly, Ben Con- nally and Allan B. Hannay. They have not ruled. Asked about Parr at tiH hear- ing, Allee testified: "I personally don't like nothing about him." He also testified he had "never threatened to kill George Parr or anyone else." Spectators Fire Wild Gun Volley WASHINGTON, March 1 group of men and ft woman shouting "Free Puerto pistols from a House gallery at Congress members today and hit at least five. In milling confusion, the members first ducked, ran, then turned back to aid their injured colleagues. Spectators grappled with the pistol wielders in the gallery and police leaped after them. The lawmakers wounded were: Alvin M. Bentley, Ben F. Jensen, (R-Iowa.) Clifford Davis, (D-Tenn.) Kenneth A. Roberts, (D-Ala.) George H. Fallon, (D-Md.) Bentley was struck through the chest. He dropped to the louse floor apparently seriously injured. Jensen also was on the floor "in a big pool of blood. Roberts was carried out on a stretcher. Davis, hit in the leg, remained in a seat, being treated by a nurse, after the wounded School Zoning Session Set A policy for zoning particularly around future school buildings is to be formulated at the regular meeting of the City Planning and Zoning Commission at p.m. Monday in the City Commission room at the City Hall, Jay Jame- son, chairman, said Monday. Jameson said members of the Board of Education would be pres- ent to'offer their advice. Other items to be taken up at the meeting will be: Request for hearing of rcclas- sification of property at 1373 Port- land Ave. from Zone B (two-fam- ily residence) to Zone F (local Approval of Section 2 of Oak- wood Addition between North Third and North Sixth Sts. were removed to hospitals. Fallon also was reported to have been wounded. Two men and the woman who wielded pistols were seized. One of the gunmen was grabbed ay a door keeper when he at- tempted to reload his gun. The shots were fired from auto- matic pistols as the men and wom- an shouted for freedom for Puerto Rico. They fired at random from a corner of the visitors' gallery while Ihe House was debating a Mexican farm labor bill. As police seized the group and rushed them to police headquar- ters in downtown Washington, one of the three tossed a Puerto Rican flag into the There were some diffeernces of opinion as to whether others, in addition to the two men and the woman, fired shots. "I am sure I saw four persons Rep. Louis E. Graham (R-PaV told'.reporters. "The worn an, was shooting into the ceiling but I am sure that three men were shooting down into the chamber. Graham said Rep. Benjami: James (H-Pa) who was seated next to him exclaimed when the shooting began: "My God, this is real." Rep. Van Zandt who rushed from the chamber, said bullets zinged past him. Van Zandt said bullets were sprayed across the House floor to he left of House Speaker Martin. He estimated there were 20 to 25 shots altogether.. Van Zandt said he raced up to the gallery, to the left of the ipeaker, and seized one of the men vho had been firing a German Luger automatic. During the struggle, he said, two men and a woman were captured and hauled off by Capitol guards. Thief Steals While Baptists Sing AMARILLO the Rev. lal Upehurch led hymn-singing in Temple Baptist Church here yes- terday, a thief stole the S870 Sun- day School offering. The bold culprit, who officers said apparently made his plans well, swiped the money while hid- den in the floor usder the pulpit. He had cut'a hole in the floor of the rostrum, directly under the pulpit. From beneath the floor he was able to reach up to a shelf in the base of the pulpit, where ushers place the offering. He es- caped through a small door which gives access to the space under the pulpit. Police theorized the thief waited until the congregation started sing- ing so the sound would cover the noise of his movements. Warren Given Senate Okay WASHINGTON Senate today confirmed President Eisen- hower's appointment of Earl War- ren as chief justice of the United States. The Senate's approval came on voice vote with no audible 'No's." There was little discussion. Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) gave the Senate a brief resume of Warren's career and Sen. Kuchel (R-Calif) praised the nominee. Warren, three times elected gov- ernor of California 'and the GOP vice presidential candidate in "1948. has been serving on the Supreme Court since last October under a recess appointment made while Congress In adjournment. Republican Leader Knowland of California, first appointed to the Senate by Warren, predicted over- whelming confirmation of the nom- ination. He said he did not know whether he would ask for a formal roll-cai; vote. While confirmation seemed as- sured, two Southern Democrats on the Senate Judiciary Committee of Mississippi and Olin D. Johnston of South Indicated they intended to vote against the appointment. Warren's nomination to succeed the late Fred M. Vinson was sub- mitted to the Senate Jan. 11. but .t was not until last Wednesday that the Senate Judiciary Com- mittee voted 12-3 to recommend confirmation. Fort Worth Girl Named Cherry Queen WASHINGTON Bi Miss Maria Korth, 19, of Fort Worth, will be the Texas princess at the Cherry Blossom Festival here March 31-AprU 3. She was chosen by the Texas State Society of Washington. WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES FULL ovaibbl. pens and stalls filled as Abi- lene Fat Stock' Show opens. Page I-B. EXPLOSION TOLL HIGH Five dead, 20 injured as lent explosion rips crowded South Philadelphia. Page 2-X COFFEE PROBE probing high coffee prices moy demand .lists of traders and speculators. Page 5-A. GET SET, are five of the more than 40 solicit- ors who attended the kick-off coffee Monday morning for the beginning cf the Taylor County Red Cross fund raising I drive. Left to right, Kenneth Hill, George Washington, Jotar Horn, Bob Ziegler, and 0, R. Tullis. (Staff fiotof _   

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