Abilene Reporter News, February 8, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

February 08, 1954

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Issue date: Monday, February 8, 1954

Pages available: 64

Previous edition: Sunday, February 7, 1954

Next edition: Tuesday, February 9, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - February 8, 1954, Abilene, Texas AND WARMER Ultftt EVENING FINAL "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byron VOL. LXXIII, NO. 237 Atsociated ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 8, PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOe Parr Won't Even Say How He's Feeling SAN DIEGO, Tex. B. Parr is. keepin mum. The South Texas political power politely refused last night io com- ment on a many-pronged probe of affairs in Duval so- called a fed- eral investigation into his income tax returns. Parr wouldn't even say how he is feeling. 4. "Officers who deny the rights citizens ordinarily have" when those citizens "oppose the re- gime." Sees 'Powder Keg' Shivers said he had no idea how long it will take to finish state or federal investigations, but he pre- dicted the probes will "make a The Associated Press got in case that will light the fuse to set off the powder keg." The governor had threatened earlier to declare martial law or touch with the bespectacled Parr by telephone and asked his reac- tion to news his income tax re- turns being looked into. "1 wouldn't have any comment on Parr replied. He was asked what he thought about Gov. Allan Shivers' state- ment at a news conference Satur- day that continual vigilance is Deeded to stamp out the "mess" in Duval Coumy. "I have no comment, Parr answered. 'No Comment" He gave similar replies to re- quests for comment on other de- velopments in a running battle ever the South Texas situation that flared into the open again last Monday. Finally, a newsman asked: "How are you feeling, Mr. "No comment." San Diego is the Duval County seat. Parr lives in a big white house in this dusty South Texas town. State Atty. Gen. John Ben Shep- perd revealed last Monday that coordinated state and federal in- vestigations into Duval County financial affairs have been under- way since eariy'-1953. U.S. Atty. Gen. Herbert Brownell said in Washington Wednesday Parr's income tax returns were being checked by the Treasury Department. He confirmed thai the investigation had once been itopped, then resumed after he and Shivers conferred in Decem her. Jury Probe to Resume Meanwhile, a separate Duva: County grand jury inquiry into county and school affairs is to re suhie tomorrow. It ofdered last week; Shep- perd said te feared it might do a "white-wash" job. Tuesday the grand jury is to cal Oscar Carillo, secretary of the Benavides School District: Reyes Ramos, Benavides hardware store owner; and Paul Green of Freer At his news conference Shivers said four "wrongs" needed to be righted in Duval County: 1. "The apparent misappropria lion of funds." 2. "The denial of rights." 3. "The absence of a forum" t which citizens can appeal for help Lost Documents' Being Sought WASHINGTON U) Atty. Gen. Brownell says Justice Department lawyers are combing through "20.- 000 lost of which has already led to the explosive Harry Dexter White pos- sible follow-ups against other per- sons named in them. When the Republicans came to power last year, Brownell told CBS television interviewers yesterday, they found a lot of papers in the Justice Department that had never been properly recorded or studied "but had just been tossed in the desk drawer." Because of one housecleaning order lost documents were turned Brownell said, and "some of them were of extreme importance" including the now- famed 1945 FBI report on Soviet Supreme Court Kills Texas Pipe Line Tax or 30 xexas Rangers i" spving in the United States. ho a-tna- .._ crush what he called ballot gang- ters in Duval County, where charges of election irregularities have been hurled repeatedly over he years. Shepperd and the Duval County grand jury exchanged blistering eleerams Saturday. Dist. Judge C. Woodrow Laugh- in, himself the target of ouster proceedings now pending before he state supreme court, had or- dered the grand jury to find out Torn everybody, including the state attorney general, what they mow about law violations in .the county. Shepperd Refuses Shepperd had said state agents are checking the use of state school, public welfare and high- way funds iii the county. Without waiting for an invitation from the grand jury, Shepperd wired the jury that he is declining to appear at this time. He said he's afraid the panel might use his testimony to "whitewash accused persons and intimidate principal witnesses." The jury shot a telegram right back accusing Shepperd of refus- ing to cooperate and trying to 'aggravate sentiments" in the Laughlin ouster case. George Parr isn't saying any- thing publicly. 42nd Court Grand Jury Resumes Work A 42rid District empanelled Jan. 4 returned to ses- sion Monday :.morning to :investi- gate criminal complaints filed since its last report was made. District Attorney Wiley Caffej said the grand jury probably would complete the work before it some- time Monday afternoon. He saic 26 charges against 16 individuals were submitted to the grand jury for investigation. The complaints are based on alleged burglaries car thefts, forgeries, driving while intoxicated and removal of mort- gaged property. White, shortly before his death in 1948, vigorously denied being a Communist or a spy. Brownell was asked yesterday why he chose the time and occa- sion of a Chicago luncheon to dis- cuss the case. He indicated he had learned of the 1945 FBI report only a short while bifore and said, "I thought of the quickest way I could to tell this story to the American peopie." Finding of the "missing" documents was discussed also at House apprpopriations made public yesterday, on the Justice Department's budget for the next fiscal year. Asst. Atty. Gen. Warren Olney :II, testifying Dec. 8, said the deoartment has undertaken a re- view of allegations against all the ndividuals named in the 1945 FBI report which mentioned White. He did not name any. He said there were "amazing" results from a housecleaning of Criminal Division files last Sep- tember. None, or at most, of the material had ever to the department's record branch for recording. Many unanswered let- ters were found, some of them, dating back 15 years "Among other things found was the FBI report on Soviet espion- age We still do not know where it came from. It was some- where in this mass of papers." GETTING THE ANSWERS George Minter Jr., seated, chairman of the Abilene Cham- ber of Commerce plans and projects committee, goes through some of the 200 question- naires received at the CC in answer to its plea for help in setting up projects needed in Abilene during the coming year. Helping him are A. M. Mcllwam, left, and Ivan Flynn, both members of his committee. (Staff Photo) WHAT'S ON INSIDE PAGES ALASKA pilots rescue six "of pBbdrd plane that exploded m mountain wilderness. Page 2-A. POET FOUND boy writer of roaring 1920s and woman found stain. Page 3-A. HISTORY MAY Johnson working hard for re- election and place on Demo ticket in 1956. Page S-A. POPE IMPROVED Physician says Pope's condition improving but fears hot quelled. Page 8-B. CALIFORNIA SENATOR SAYS Chances of Passing Ike's Program Looking 'Better7 WASHINGTON Know- land of California, the GOP Senate le-.der. said today the prospects for enactment of 8 substantial por- tion of President Eisenhower's leg- islative program are looking better all the time. "I think that when Congress has completed its work, we will have a program that will meet the approval of the Know- land said in an interview. Republican National Chairman Leonard W. Hall, on an NBC tele- vision program ex- pressed similar optimism about the prospects not only for the legisla- tive program but for the Repub- licans' chances of picking up more congressional seats in the Novem- ber elections. He said Eisenhower's leadership has given the party a tremendous lift and he expects a gain of 15 to 25 seats, after a campaign based on the President's "record of achievement." As an example of legislative success, he cited the St.Lawrerice seaway bill, approved by the Sen- ate and a House committee. He Eisenhower is succeeding in getting this program approved after Democratic and Republican presidents tried -in vain for years. The national chairman said he. thought -the -President, without making speeches in behalf of indi- vidual Republican candidates for Congress, will "go on television in Viohalf and in support of his program, and in that way the var- ious candidates will get the bene- fit of his support." He fold Interviewers he consid- ers Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) an to the EepaoMcsB party nationally who "will and should" receive support by the entire party on the basis of his 1952 election by Wisconsin voters. Asked whether the National Com- mittee endorsed McCarthy's de- icription of the Democratic parry "the party of .Hall noted the committee pays the ex- oenset of McCarthy'! tours, as it those of others. uid, "H that it endorse- ment, yes." H7 :iM expects communism to .be an underlying issue in the 1954 elections. He said he thinks when the time comes for Eisenhower to consider seeking a second term "there'll be a demand which he cannot es- cape." The Senate .has put off until next week all votes on the constitutional treaty-power amendment by Sen. Bricker which has split party ranks. Knowland said there is some hope that the cooiing-off period might'produce progress to- ward a- compromise. However, Bricker left for a va- cation in Florida with the apparent idea -that compromise efforts are over. He said'he wants the Senate to vote up or down his most re- cent proposal, already termed un- acceptable by Knowland, before he will enter any further negotiations. This version would permit a treaty or international agreement to become effective as internal law only by act of Congress or' by a two-thirds vote of the Senate. Bricker was quoted by friends as feeling that someone in the he has point- ed to Secretary of State Dulles and Atty. Gen. Brownell in this want to com- promise with" him: White House sources said fundamental legal questions, not personalities -or pol- itics, underlie the disagreement. Big 4 Switching Talks to Secret BERLIN Big Tour' for- eign ministers moved back to Ber- lin's Western sector today, trying In secret session to solve some of the world .problems they couldn't settle in open debate. Their first secret meeting this afternoon was called for discussion of Russia's demand for a world disarmament conference and for a Big Five conference on world problems that would give Commu- nist China official status as a major world power. The ministers also were due to discuss how and when to take up the question of ah independence treaty for Austria. The three Western ministers were reported determined to con- front Molotov with a three-point program: 1. They will meet with Red China only for discussion of such Asian issues as Korea and Indo- china, and only if the Peiping regime demonstrates good faith by cooperating first in a settlement or else stops Korean arming the Communist-led Vietminh reb-. els in Indochina. 2. The Big Four must fix a deadline for their fruitless discus- sions on Germany, unless Russia is ready to modify her demands. 3. All international attempts to bring about world, disarmament must be within the United Nations. Molotov had proposed such a con- ference be held outside the inter- national organization, so Red China could attend. The conference' moved out of East Berlin, where it met last week at the Soviet Embassy, In the wake of evidence that the 18 million East Germans again are stirring to a low boil against the Red occupation. Western agencies with thorough information networks in the East said 300 to 500 Germans had been jailed in the past week for speak- ing out openly against Soviet For- eign Minister Molotov's proposal to unite Germany on the hammer and sickle pattern. East German secret police were on a full alert, but-the Soviet occupation army was re- ported going about winter activity as usual. The discontent hadn't a chance Reuiher Urges S. Dejert Legislation On'Mexican Workers of upsetting the Russian occupa tion, but It gave a challenging answer to Molotqv'j picture! of East Germany as a Happy "free" to vote in elections for i list? of Dean Removal 'Unfounded' WASHINGTON H) The State Department said today "there is no basis in fact" for published re- ports that Arthur H. Dean will be replaced as special ambassador for Korea peace talks. A department spokesman read a written statement to newsmen when asked for comment oh a dis- patch by the New York Herald Tribune today saying that Dean is being replaced. The statement said: "There Is no basis in fact for the report that Ambassador Arthur H. Dean is being withdrawn from his assignment. "Ambassador Dean is prepared to return to Panmunjom for a re- sumption of the negotiations to- ward a peace conference provided that the condifions which he has laid down for the resumption of the conversations are met by the Communists. "The department holds the high- est regard for the exceptional abili- ty Mr. Dean demonstrated during Red-picked candidates with questions, permitted: In.their first two weeks-of dcbat the. [ouf had: agreed o absolutely nothing. No one in th Western camp could say just how they would stop the oratory Ion! enough to perhaps harvest somi small gains. The West already had given up reunification and a peace treaty for Germany as a hopeless dream for years or even generations. Today's meeting was the only secret session scheduled, but oth ers were expected. In preparation for today's ses sion, U.S. Secretary of State Dulle and British Foreign Secretar) Eden and their top advisers dinei together last night. The highups of the three Western delegations conferred earlier yes terday about the line they woulf follow today with Molotov. Though it has brought a German settlement no nearer, the confer ence was reported last night t have produced at least one secon dary result. Western informant said Molotov's uncompromisinj stand had convinced Eden he mus urge Prime Minister Churchill t drop his pet plan for a face-to-fac meeting with Soviet Premie Georgi Malenkov. These sources said Eden fa some .months has believed such top-level meeting would produc little or nothing. Now the foreig secretary reportedly feels Malen kov would give Churchill the-sam sort of answers that Molotov ha the negotiations at Panmunjom." ibeen giving here. WARTIME SHIPPING 9 Men, 6 Firms Indicted by U. S. WASHINGTON dene Waiter P. Heather 'Presi- MAYBE THEY WANT IKE fO UMPIRErrJPresident Eisen- hower examines a 750-year-old suit of Japinese armor, Ih2 gift of baseball fans in Japan, upon its presentation to him at the White House by Baseball Commissioner Ford C. Frick, behind armor, and Horace Stoneham, president of the New York Giants. Tiie ancient Samurai battle uniform weighs 110 pounds. .....v i i Congress today to reject legislation for revising recruiting of Mexican farm labor without an agreement with Mexico. Reuther said operation of tie program, conducted for f.bout two weeks after negotiations with Mex- ico broke down last month, would Increase unemployment, depress wages and working conditions' of Americani and aggravate prob- lems of subsersive infiltration, crime, traffic and disease. WASHINGTON, Justice Department today announced the indictment of nine individuals and six corporations on charges of con- spiracy to defraud tiie government in multi-million dollar deals in sur- plus ships after World War II. Among those indicted was Joseph E. Casey, former Democratic member of the House from Massachusetts. Casey allegedly headed a group a Senate committee charged made fantastic profits in post war tank- er deals: Another of those indicted was C TtmVPT. in the shipping trade. The indictment was returned by a District of Columbia federal grand jury last Oct 13, but was kept sealed by court order pend- ing the surrender of Onassis. Onassis, native of Greece and now a citizen of Argentina, pre- sented himself in the Federal Dis- trict Court hers today and, after the indictment was opened, entered a plea of innocent. Chief Judge -Boliths Laws thorized his release on bond, but stipulated that he-could-not leave the country, while the. charges are pending against him.' The'wealthy Onassis arrived-in the United Statea last week. He las shipbuilding and ship opera tions scattered throughout th world. In addition to Casey an Onassis the indictment named Joseph H Rosenbaum and Robert W. Dudley Washington, D. C., lawyers; Rol ert L. Berensori, now livir.g Paris; Nicholas Cokkinis, Charle Augnethaler and Harold 0. Becke all of New York City; and Georg Cokkinis, reported to be abroai The companies charged in th indictment are: United States trolenm Carriers Inc.; Victory Carriers Inc.: American Steam chin Aofmcu Tno: Sorifidad Mar tim'a MirafJores; 'and Transatlan tlca Financiers Industrial Panama, S. A. The indictment, in.eight counts, Gas Levy Ruled Unconstitutional WASHINGTON The Supreme Court today unani- nously struck down a Texas tax on natural gas transmitted y pipe line companies to consumers in 38 other states. The levy was attacked in appeals by the Panhandle Eastern ice Line Co. arid the Michigan-Wisconsin Pipe Line Co. They ontended the tax was an unconstitutional burden on the free ow of commerce between the states. Lawyers for Michigan-Wiseorisin said the burden of the tax Itimately would be borne by ersons.in the 38 states who se the gas. The appeal added: Thus the tax statute enables exas to achieve the politically opular result raising revenue t the ultimate expense of citizens f other states." The tax is at the rate of nine ventieths of one cent for each lousaud cubic feet of gas taken or transmission out of Texas. Michigan-Wisconsin and Pan- andle Eastern appealed after exas state courts upheld the levy, 'hey said outcome of their appeal affect more than one hun- red similar state court suits filed y other pipe line companies. Last June, they reported, pipe ne companies had paid n taxes under protest and the mount increased one million dol- ars monthly. Justice Clark, who delivered the ligh court's decision, said: "It is perhaps sufficient that the orivilege taxed, namely the taking _f the gas, is not so separate and distinct from interstate transporta- tion as to support the But. adttional objection present if the tax be upheld. It would permit a multiple burden upon commerce.' Clark said if it were held tha Texas could impose "this 'firs taking' tax-.measured by the tola volume of gas so taken, then Mich igan and "Other recipient state have an, equal right t lax theHist tiSkrng ror 'unloadtais from the pipeline of the same ga; when it arrives for distribution.' Oklahoma might then seek to tax the first taking of the gas as i crossed into that state, Clark said He added "The net effect would be sub stantially to resurrect the customs barriers which the commerce clause was designed to eliminate.' Michigan Wisconsin transmits ;as to consumers in Missouri [owa, Michigan and Wisconsin Psnhandle transports tiie fuel to consumers in Missouri, Illinois, In- diana; Michigan, Ohio, Pennsyl vania and Ontario: Other pipe line companies, among those that filet state court suits, transmit gas as far west as California, as far north as Minnesota, and northeasterly New England, (op's Widow Found Dead Now Where's feather Raise doming From! AUSTIN U.S. Supreme curt today handed back to Texas ne'of the hottest political potatoes i recent history. Its decision knocking down the uicy revenue-raising tax on nat- ral. gas pipelines left the forth- oming special session of the Leg- slature with a tough problem. Where will the lawmakers get he money to finance a S402 annual jase pay raise for Texas school eachcrs? Gov. Allan Shivers has said he vould call the special session about March 15 to work on the pay raise compromise worked out by a committee after the last regular session's failure to grant raises. He has said he hoped the U.S. high court would rule favorably on the Texas case. But if not, recently, the Legislature should try charged all the defendants with eor.spijicy to violate the false statement statute and to defraud the United States through the fil- ing of false applications and false financial statements with the old Maritime Commission and its suc- cessor the Maritime Administra- tion in connection with ship pur- chases totaling more than 18 mil- lion-dollars. .Violations, of. the .false statement statute carry penalties up to 000 fines or five ysars imprison- ment or both for each offenie. The body of Mrs.. E. J. Fowler, widow of an Abilene policeman, was found Monday morning at her home, 1917 Cedar Crest Dr., by Jhe wife of a doctor who had come' to bring her to work. Mrs. Fowler's body was lying on her bed with a bullet wound in. her right temple and a .38 caliber pistol lying on her chest, according to Pete Elliott, funeral director. Mrs. V. H. Shoultz, 1602 Cedar Crest Dr., discovered the body when she went to Mrs. Fowler's home a little before a.m. Monday to take her to work, El- liott said. Mrs. Fowler, 63, had been work- ing for Mrs. Shoultz for about a year, taking care of the Shoulb children. She lived alone.. A note stating that she was ill and asking that a brother in Fin- ger, Tenn., Hubert Mclhtj-re, be notified of her death was found by investigating officers, Elliott said. The note also asked that her pastor, the Rev. Hollis Yeilding of Calvary Baptist Church, Police Capt. C. A. Veteto, and O. W. Hef- lin, another policeman, be notified, Elliott said. Both Veteto and Heflin, who is in Oklahoma at the bedside of his mother, were friends of Mrs. Fow- ler and her late husband, a mem- ber of the Abilene police force who died about two years ago, api. veieiu said. Fowler had been on the police force here about 28 years when he died, Capt Veteto said. The couple had lived in Abilene since 1923. he said. Elliott contacted the brother7 in Finger, Tenn., Monday morning and was told that members of her family would come to Abilene for the body. She had two other broth- ers living there. Justice of the Peace W. T. St. John conducted an Inquest but bad not returned a verdict at noon Monday. Capt Veteto, Detective W. E. Clitt, and Officer L. E. Dunlap investigated death. to find some other to finance Shivers issued statement at noon: "Wiiile vre- are- disappointed, the court's tecielon was not totally un- expected I will have no other com meht until I have a chance to read the court's opinion, which we have wired the clerk of the U.S. Su- preme'Court to send us." The teacher pay raise has become a -headline political sue. A year ago, the 53d 'Legislature voted to increase teachers' pay a year. But its failure to pro- vide revenue for the increase auto- matically nullified the boost. An added political complication [s that many islature wfll be seeking-reelection this summer. Shivers has not said what he plans to do, but he has left the door open for running for a third elected term as governor. Shivers 'and House Speaker Reu- ben Senterfitt had disagreed on one angle- of the special session. Senterfitt had said he would pre- fer to wait and hold the session after the court acted. Shivers wanted to hold it regardless of whether the court although he hoped for action before March 15. also a gubernatorial said even a negative decision might furnish some guide to the lawmakers in writing a tax bill that would stand up. More than 100 suits had been filed attacking validity of the tax that levkd 9-20ths.of one cent per cubic feet of gathered gas. About a million dollars a month was being paid by the pipsiteers into the Texas treasury under pro- test. -All the money is tied up until the lawsuit is finally settled. Today's unanimous decision "by the high court indicates that the litigation is over, for an practical purposes. Senterfitt told newsmen January that it would oe difficult" to-pass any tax bill ex- cept oiie on long line natural gas carriers at 30-day special ses- sion. THE WEATHER tf.5. OF COM3U5BCE WEATHER BCJtfcAU ABILENE AND VICINITY CooHnued clfar through Tuesday. Warmer Monday and Monday 'sizki. temperature Mon- day Tuesday 53 to 70 decrees; Law Mooday nigbt 40. _ NORTH AND CENTEAL TEXAS: GeB- fair and allshtly warmer ttis after- noon. tonight and Tuesday. WEST TKCAS: Generally fair this after- noon. tonigtt and Tuesday, warmer this utternpon acd R farmer thts afternoon and Tuesday clear to -partly- .cloudy and Tanner. Moderate northerly winds oo the coast, becoming gentle to moderate Men. A.M 37 35 li 34 l.-M 3KM M a M Sunset list nitht-fcll p.m.: StffiriN day Kuutt toalaM Buomtttr mdtas >t MT humWlt.T M f m. It1 Mkxlmunr umtxrtturt for IM it r.X XI tmptntan IK M ;

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