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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 8, 1954, Abilene, Texas /*- FAIR AND WARMER Œtje Abilene Reporter-Jjetité FINAL VOL. LXXIH, NO. 237 Associated Press ÍAP) "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" — Byron “ ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 8, 1954—SIXTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c Parr Won’t Even Say How He’s Feeling SAN DIEGO, Tex. (^—George B. Parr is keepin mum. The South Texas political power politely refused last night to comment on a many-pronged probe cf affairs in Duval County—his so-called “duchy”—including a federal investigation into his income tax returns. Parr wouldn’t even say how’ he is feeling. The Associated Press got in touch with the bespectacled Parr by telephone and asked his reaction to new’S his income tax returns were being looked into. “I wouldn’t have any comment on that,” Parr replied. He was asked w’hat he thought about Gov. Allan Shivers’ statement at a news conference Saturday that continual vigilance is needed to stamp out the “mess” in Duval County. “I have no comment, sir,” Parr answered. ‘No Comment' He gave similar replies to requests for comment on other developments in a running battle over the South Texas situation that flared into the open again last Monday. Finally, a newsman asked: “How are you feeling, Mr. Parr?” “No comment.” San Diego is the Duval County seat. Parr lives in a big white house in this dusty South Texas town. State Atty. Gen. .John Ben Shep-perd revealed last Monday that coordinated state and federal investigations into Duval County financial affairs have been underway since early 1953. U.S. Atty. Gen. Herbert Brownell said in Washington Wednesday Parr’s income tax returns were being checked by the Treasury Department. He confirmed that the investigation had once been stopped, then resumed after he and Shivers conferred in December. Jury Probe to Resume Meanwhile, a separate Duval County grand jury inquiry into county and school affairs is to resume tomorrow. It we» ordered last week. Shep-perd said he feared it might do a “white-w'ash” job. Tuesday the grand jury is to call Oscar Carillo, secretary of the Benavides School District; Reyes Ramos, Benavides hardware store owner: and Paul Green of Freer. At his news conference Shivers said four “wrongs” needed to be righted in Duval County: 1. “The apparent misappropriation of funds.” 2. “The denial of rights.” 3. “The absence of a forum” to which citizens can appeal for help. 4. “Officers who deny the rights citizens ordinarily have” when those citizens “oppose the regime.” Sees ‘Powder Keg’ Shivers said he had no idea how long it will take to finish state or federal investigations, but he predicted the probes will “make a case that will light the fuse to set off the powder keg.” The governor had threatened earlier to declare martial law or send 5 or 50 Texas Rangers to crush what he called ballot gangsters in Duval County, where charges of election irregularities have been hurled repeatedly over the years. Shepperd and the Duval County grand jury exchanged blistering telegrams Saturday. Dist. Judge C. Woodrow Laugh-lin, himself the target of ouster proceedings now pending before the state supreme court, had ordered the grand jury to find out from everybody, including the state attorney general, what they know’ about law violations in the county. Shepperd Refuses Shepperd had said state agents are checking the use of state school, public welfare and highway funds ii: the county. Without waiting for an invitation from the grand jury, Shepperd wired the jury that he is declining to appear at this time. He said he’s afraid the panel might use his testimony to “whitewash accused persons and intimidate principal witnesses.” The jury shot a telegram right back accusing Shepperd of refusing to cooperate and trying to “aggravate sentiments” in the Laughlin ouster case. George Parr isn’t saying anything publicly. 42nd Court Grand Jury Resumes Work A 42nd District Court grand jury empanelled Jan. 4 returned to session Monday morning to investigate criminal complaints filed since its last report w'as made. District Attorney Wiley Caffey said the grand jury probably would complete the work before it sometime Monday afternoon. He said 26 charges against 16 individuals were submitted to the grand jury for investigation. The complaints are based on alleged burglaries, car thefts, forgeries, driving while intoxicated and removal of mortgaged property. '20,000 Lost Documents’ Being Sought WASHINGTON UP — Atty. Gen. Brownell says Justice Department lawyers are combing through “20.-000 lost documents”—one of which has already led to the explosive Harry Dexter White case—for possible follow-ups against other persons named in them. When the Republicans came to power last year, Brownell told CBS television interviewer» yesterday, they found a lot of papers in the Justice Department that had never been properly recorded or studied “but had just been tossed in the desk drawer.” Because of one housecleaning order “20,000 lost documents were turned up,” Brownell said, and “some of them were of extreme importance” including the now-famed 1945 FBI report on Soviet spying in the United States. White, shortly before his death in 1948, vigorously denied being a Communist or a spy. Brownell was asked yesterday why he chose the time and occasion of a Chicago luncheon to discuss the case. He indicated he had learned of the 1945 FBI report only a short while before and said, “I thought of the quickest way I could to tell this story to the American people.” Finding of the 20,000 “missing” documents was discussed also at “House appropriations hearings,” made public yesterday, on the Justice Department’s budget for the next fiscal year. Asst. Atty. Gen. Warren Olney III, testifying Dec. 8, said the deoartment has undertaken a review of allegations against all the individuals named in the 1945 FBI report which mentioned White. He did not name any. He said there were “amazing results from a housecleaning of Criminal Division files last September. None, or at least most, of the material had ever been to the department’s record branch for recording. Many unanswered letters were found, some of them, dating back 15 years . . . “Among other things found was the FBI report on Soviet espion-1 age . . . We still do not know | where it came from. It was somewhere in this mass of papers.” Supreme Court Kills Texas Pipe Tax GETTING THE ANSWERS — George Minter Jr., seated, chairman of the Abilene Chamber of Commerce plans and projects committee, goes through some of the 200 questionnaires received at the CC in answer to its plea for help in setting up projects needed in Abilene during the coming year. Helping him are A. M. Mcllwain, left, and Ivan Flynn, both members of his committee. (Staff Photo)___ ne Gas Levy Ruled Unconstitutional WASHINGTON (/P) — The Supreme Court today unanimously struck down a Texas tax on natural gas transmitted by pipe line companies to consumers in 38 other states. The levy was attacked in appeals by the Panhandle Eastern Pipe Line Co. and the Michigan-Wisconsin Pipe Line Co. They contended the tax was an unconstitutional burden on the free flow of commerce between the states. Lawyers for Michigan-Wisconsin said the burden of the tax ultimately would be borne by WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES ALASKA RESCUE—-Bush pilots rescue six of 16 oboard plane that exploded in mountain wilderness. Page 2-A. POET FOUND DEAD—Bad boy writer of roaring 1920s ond woman found slain. Page 3-A. HISTORY MAY REPEAT—Sen. Johnson working hard for re-election ond place on Demo ticket in 1956. Poge 8-A. POPE IMPROVED — Physician says Pope's condition improving but fears not quelled. Page 8-B. Big 4 Switching Talks to Secret persons in the 38 states who use the gas. The appeal added: “Thus the tax statute enables Texas to achieve the politically popular result of raising revenue at the ultimate expense of citizens of other states.” The tax is at the rate of nine twentieths of one cent for each thousand cubic feet of gas taken for transmission out of Texas. Michigan-Wisconsin and Panhandle Eastern appealed after Texas state courts upheld the levy. They said outcome of their appeal would affect more than one hundred similar state court suits filed by other pipe line companies. Last June, they reported, pipe line companies had paid $15.600,000 in taxes under protest and the amount increased one million dollars monthly. Justice Clark, who delivered the high court’s decision, said: “It is perhaps sufficient that the privilege taxed, namely the taking of the gas, is not so separate and distinct from interstate transportation as to support the tax. “But. aditional objection is present if the tax be upheld. It would permit a multiple burden upon that (interstate) commerce " CALIFORNIA SENATOR SAYS Chances of Passing Ike's Program Looking 'Better' WASHINGTON Sen. Know-land of California, the GOP Senate leader, said today the prospects for enactment of a substantial portion of President Eisenhower’s legislative program are looking better all the time. “I think that when Congress has completed its work, we will have a program that will rheet the approval of the country,” Know-land said in an interview. Republican National Chairman Leonard W. Hall, on an NBC television program yesterday, expressed similar optimism about the prospects not only tor the legislative program but for the Republicans’ chances of picking up more congressional seats in the November elections. He said Eisenhower’s leadership has given the party a tremendous lift and he expects a gain of 15 to 25 seats, after a campaign based on the President’s “record of achievement.” As an example of legislative success, he cited the St.Lawrerfc6 seaway bill, approved by the Senate and a House committee. He said Eisenhower is succeeding in getting this program approved after Democratic and Republican presidents tried in vain for 45 years. The national chairman said he thought the President, without making speeches in behalf of individual Republican candidates for . Congress, will “go on television in ; behalf o! and in support of his program, and in that way tne var- j ious candidates will get the bene-1 fit of his support.” He told interviewers he considers Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) an asset to the Republican party nationally who “will and should” receive support by the entire party on the basis of his 1952 election by Wisconsin voters. Asked whether the National Committee endorsed McCarthy’s description of the Democratic party as “the party of betrayal, ’ .Hall noted the committee pays the expenses of McCarthy’s speaking tours, as it does those of others. He said, “If that is an endorsement, yes.” H» »aid he expects communism to be an underlying issue in the 1954 elections. He said he thinks when the time comes for Eisenhower to consider seeking a second term “there’ll be a demand which he cannot escape.” The Senate has put off until next week all votes on the constitutional treaty-power amendment by Sen. Bricker (R-Ohio), which has split party ranks. Knowland said there is some hope that the cooling-off period might produce progress toward a compromise. However, Bricker left for a vacation in Florida with the apparent idea that compromise efforts are over. He said he wants the Senate to vote up or down his most recent proposal, already termed unacceptable by Knowland, before he will enter any further negotiations. This version would permit a treaty or international agreement to become effective as internal law only by act of Congress or by a two-thirds vote of the Senate. Bricker was quoted by friends as feeling that someone in the administration—and he has point- BERLIN W—'The Big Four foreign ministers moved back to Berlin’s Western sector today, trying in secret session to solve some of the world problems they couldn’t settle in open debate. Their first secret meeting this afternoon was called for discussion of Russia’s demand for a world disarmament conference and for a Big Five conference on world problems that would give Communist China official status as a major world power. The ministers also were due to discuss how and when to take up the question of an independence treaty for Austria. The three Western ministers were reported determined to confront Molotov with a three-point program: 1. They will meet with Red China only for discussion of such Asian issues as Korea and Indochina, and only if the Peiping regime demonstrates good faith by cooperating first in a Korean settlement or else stops arming the Communist-led Vietminh rebels in Indochina. 2. The Big Four must fix a deadline for their fruitless discussions on Germany, unless Russia is ready to modify her demands. 3. All international attempts to bring about world disarmament must be within the United Nations. Molotov had proposed such a con- and Atty. Gen. Brownell in this connection—doesn’t want to compromise with him. White House sources said fundamental legal questions, not personalities or politics, underlie the disagreement. of upsetting the Russian occupation, but it gave a challenging answ'er to Molotov’s picture of East Germany as a happy land, “free” to vote in elections for a list of ed to Secretary _of State Dulles ference be held outside the international organization, so Red China could attend. The conference moved out of East Berlin, where it met last week at the Soviet Embassy, in the wake of evidence that the 18 million East Germans again are stirring to a low boil against the Red occupation. Western agencies with thorough information networks in the East said 300 to 500 Germans had been jailed in the past week for speaking out openly against Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov’s proposal to unite Germany on the hammer and sickle pattern. East German secret police w'ere on a full alert, but the 300.000-man Soviet occupation army was reported going about winter activity as usual. The discontent hadn’t a chance Dean Removal ’Unfounded’ * WASHINGTON <jF> — The State Department said today “there is no basis in fact” for published reports that Arthur H. Dean will be replaced as special ambassador for Korea peace talks. A department spokesman read a written statement to newsmen when asked for comment on a dispatch by the New York Herald Tribune today saying that Dean is being replaced. The statement said: “There is no basis in fact for the report that Ambassador Arthur H. Dean is being withdrawn from his assignment. “Ambassador Dean is prepared to return to Panmunjom for a resumption of the negotiations toward a peace conference provided that the condi 4i ons which he has laid down for the resumption of the conversations are met by the Communists. “The department holds the highest regard, for the exceptional ability Mr. De^an demonstrated during the negotiations at Panmunjom.” Red-picked candidates with no questions permitted. In their first two weeks of debate the four ministers had agreed on absolutely nothing. No one in the Western camp could say just how they would stop the oratory long enough to perhaps harvest some small gains. The West already had given up reunification and a peace treaty for Germany as a hopeless dream for years or even generations. Today’s meeting was the only secret session scheduled, but others w'ere expected. In preparation for today’s session, U.S. Secretary of State Dulles and British Foreign Secretary Eden and their top advisers dined together last night. The highups of the three Western delegations conferred earlier yesterday about the line they would follow today with Molotov. Though it has brought a German settlement no nearer, the conference was reported last night to have produced at least one secondary result. Western informants said Molotov’s uncompromising stand had convinced Eden he must urge Prime Minister Churchill to drop his pet plan for a face-to-face meeting with Soviet Premier Georgi Malenkov. These sources said Eden for some months has believed such a top-level meeting would produce little or nothing. Now the foreign secretary reportedly feels Malenkov would give Churchill the same sort of answers that Molotov has i been giving here. Now Where's Teacher Raise Coming From! AUSTIN W—The U.S. Supreme Court today handed back to Texas one of the hottest political potatoes of recent history. Its decision knocking down the juicy revenue-raising tax on natural gas pipelines left the forthcoming special session of the Legislature with a tough problem. Where will the lawmakers get the money to finance a $402 annual base pay raise for Texas school teachers? Gov. Allan Shivers has said he would call the special session about March 15 to w’ork on the pay raise compromise worked out by a committee after the last regular session’s failure to grant raises. I He has said he hoped the U.S. high court would rule favorably on Clark said if it were held that: the Texas case. But if not, he said Texas could impose “this ‘first recently, the Legislature should try taking’ tax measured by the total to find some other way to finance volume of gas so taken, then Michigan and other recipient states (would) have an equal right to tax the first taking or ‘unloading’ from the pipeline of the same gas when it arrives for distribution.” Oklahoma might then seek to tax the first taking of the gas as it crossed into that state, Clark said. He added: “The net effect would be substantially to resurrect the cu toms barriers which the commerce clause was designed to eliminate.” Michigan - Wisconsin transmits gas to consumers in Missouri, Iowa, Michigan and Wisconsin. Panhandle transports the fuel to consumers in Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan. Ohio, Pennsyl the raise. Shivers issued a statement at noon: “While we are disappointed, the court's decision was not totally unexpected. I will have no other comment until I have a chance to read the court's opinion, which we have wired the clerk of the U.S. Supreme Court to send us.” The teacher pay raise qquestion has become a headline political issue. A year ago, the 53d Legislature voted to increase teachers’ pay $600 a year. But its failure to provide revenue for the increase automatically nullified the boost. An added political complication is that many members of the Leg-vania and Ontario. Other pipe line! islature will be seeking reelection companies, among those that filed this summer. Shivers has not said state court suits, transmit gas as j what he plans to do, but he has far west as California, as far north left the door open for running for as Minnesota, and northeasterly to New England. (op’s Widow Found Dead WARTIME SHIPPING 9 Men, 6 Firms Indicted by U. S. a third elected term as governor. Shivers and Hodse Speaker Reuben Senterfitt had disagreed on one angle of the special session. Senterfitt had said he would prefer to w’ait and hold the session after the court acted. Shivers wanted to hold it regardless of whether the court acted, although he hoped for action before March 15. Senterfitt—also a gubernatorial hopeful—had said even a negative decision might furnish some guide to the lawmakers in writing a tax bill that would stand up. More than 100 suits had been filed* attacking validity of the tax The body of Mrs. E. J. Fowler, widow of an Abilene policeman, was found Monday morning at her home, 1917 Cedar Crest Dr., by the wife of a doctor who had come to bring her to work. _ _ ___ Mrs. Fowler’s body was lying levied 9-20&s of one cent per on her bed with a bullet wound 1 000 cubic feet of gathered gas. in her right temple and a .38 About a million dollars a month caliber pistol lying on her chostJ was bcing paid by the pipeUB#fs according to 1 ete Elliott« locaH j nt0 tbe x exas treasury under pro- MAYBE THEY WANT IKE TO UMPIRE—President Eisenhower examines a 750-year-old suit of Japanese armor, tha gift of baseball fans in Japan, upon its presentation to him at the White House by Baseball Commissioner Ford C. Frick, behind armor, and Horace Stoneham, president of the New York Giants. The ancient Samurai battle uniform weighs 110 pounds. WASHINGTON, OF)—The Justice Department today announced the indictment of nine individuals and six corporations on charges of conspiracy to defraud the government in multi-million dollar deals in surplus ships after World War II. Among those indicted was Joseph E. Casey, former Democratic member of the House from Massachusetts. Casey allegedly headed a group a Senate eommittee charged made fantastic profits in post war tanker deals. Another of those indicted was Aristctcles S. Onarid«, world pow er in the shipping trade. The indictment was returned by a District of Columhia federal grand jury last Oct. 13, but was WASHINGTON MPl—CIO Presi- kept sealed by court order pend-dent Walter P. Reuiher urged \ j n g the surrender of Onassis. Congress today to reject legislation j Onassis, native of Greece and for revising recruiting of Mexican now a citizen of Argentina, prefarm labor without an agreement sented himself in the Federal Dis- with Mexico. trict Court here today and. after Reuther said operation of the the indictment was opened, entered program, conducted for about two a plea of innocent. Reuther Urges U. S. Reject Legislation On Mexican Workers the weeks after negotiations with Mexico broke down last month, would increase unemployment, depress wages and working conditions of Americans and aggravate problems of subsersive infiltration, crime, dope traffic and disease. Chief Judge Bolitha Law’s authorized his release on $10,000 bond, but stipulated that he could not leave the country while the charges are pending against him. The wealthy Onassis arrived in the United State* last week. He has shipbuilding and ship opera tions scattered throughout world. In addition to Casey an Onassis, the indictment named Joseph H. Rosenbaum and Robert W. Dudley, Washington, D. C., lawyers: Robert L. Berenson, now living in Paris; Nicholas Cokklnis, Charles Augnethaler and Harold O. Becker, all of New York City; and George Cokkinis, reported to be abroad. The companies charged in the indictment are: United States Petroleum Carriers Inc.; Victory Carriers Inc.; American Steam Agency Inc • Sociedad Marítima Miraflores; and Transatlántica Financiera Industrial Panama, S. A. The indictment, in eight counts, charged all the defendants with conspiracy to violate the false statement statute and to defraud the United States through the filing of false applications and false financial statements with the old Maritime Commission and its successor the Maritime Administration in connection with ship purchases totaling more than 18 million dollars. Violations of the false statement statute carry penalties up to $10,-000 fines or five years imprisonment or both for each offense. funeral director. Mrs. V. H. Shoultz, 1602 Cedar Crest Dr., discovered the body when she went to Mrs. Fowler’s home a little before 9:30 a.m. Monday to take her to work, Elliott said. Mrs. Fowler, 63, had been working for Mrs. Shoultz for about a year, taking care of the Shoultz children. She lived alone.. A note stating that she was ill: and asking that a brother in Fin- j ger, Tenn., Hubert McIntyre, be ■ notified of her death was found j by investigating officers, Elliott 1 said. The note also asked that her pastor, the Rev. Hollis YeildTing j of Calvary Baptist Church. Police Capt. C. A. Veteto, and O. W. Hef- I lin, another policeman, be notified, Elliott said. Both Veteto and Heflin, who is in Oklahoma at the bedside of his mother, were friends of Mrs. Fowler and her late husband, a mem- test. All the money is tied up until the lawsUit is finally settled. Today’s unanimous decision by the high court indicates that the litigation is over, for all practical purposes. Senterfitt told newsmen late in January that it would oe difficult” to pass any tax bill except one on long line natural gas carriers at a 30-day special session. THE WEATHER U.S. »FP.SKT5ir.Nr OF commerce WEATIIFR Bl RFAC ABILENE AND VICINITY — Continue«, clear through Tuesday. Warmer Monday and Monday night. High temperature Mon day and Tueeaay 83 to 70 degrees. Le* Monday night 40. * NORTH AND CENTRAL TEXAS: Ger. «rally fair and slightly warmer this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday. her of the Abilene nolire fm-ee I WEST TEXAS Oenerally fair this after -7, AUliene pouce rorce nooa umUht and Tuesday, warmer this who died about two years ago.' *ir*rnoou and tonight. Caul Yeum. va.ci EAT? AND SOUTH OB!«»» TSSA* ‘ I u J i! ., i Fair, a little warmer this afternoon ana TOWler had been on the police ' tomsht. Tuesday Clear to partly cloudy force here about >8 Years when I a:irt warmer. Moderate northerly winds on kr c V u TU : to »«“coming gentle to moderate he died. Capt Veteto said. The northeast to east Tuesday couple had lived in Abilene since c tempfratires mill. P.at* m 1923. he said. Elliott contacted the brother in s Finger, Tenn., Monday morning j and was told that members of her j family would come to Abilene for j the body. She had two other brothers living there. Justice of the Peace W. T. St. I John conducted an inquest but had not returned a verdict at noon Monday. Capt. Veteto. Detective W. E. Clift, and Officer L. E. Dunlap investigated the death. t Mon. A.M. 34 , Lie . 49 ............ ».30 ............ 35 51 ............ 3' 30 ....... 3« 33 ............ 430 31 50 ............ 5 30 ............ 37 41 6:30 39 41 ............ 1:30 ............ 3« 39 .......... 8:30 ........... 48 n ..... 9:30 ............ 50 35 10:30 5* 35 11-30 «3 34 13:30 65 Sunset last night 6:18 pm.: Sunn.«« today 7:28 a.m.: Sunset tonight 9:15 pm. Barometer reading at 12:30 p.m. 28.39. Relative humidity at 11:30 p.m. t|f§. Maximum, temperature for 24 hour» *nd-ing at 6:30 a m 52 Minimum t-imperatur* for 34 hour» end-tag at 6:39 a.m. 33,
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