Saturday, January 30, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 30, 1954, Abilene, Texas POSSIBLE RAIN ilbttene ftqportti: "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SK ETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byroo EVENING FINAL VOL. LXXIII, No. 228 fAP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY PAGES FR1CB DAILY Se, SUNDAY Me DADDY FOUND Langston right, treasurer of the local chapter of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, shows to W T Walton the 50 cent contribution to the Mothers March on Polio that his daughter, Linda Kay Langston, SVi, marked with her name to be sure her daddy would find it when he helped count the donations. Walton is director of the March of Dimes for Taylor County. (Staff photo) Blockade On; Polio Fund Tops The Mother's March on Polio brought total contributions to the March of Dimes 'Saturday morn- ing to Fred Lybrand, drive treasurer, announced. Mothers collected S6.S74.62 in their porch light campaign Friday night the largest total tor the ".march" in its four-year history. Meanwhile, despite "soupy" weather Saturday morning, the March of Dimes blockade went Into operation on schedule at 12 eitv intersections at 8 a.m. Vic Baldridge, chairman, said .that although the weather was bad, there was a good deal of traffic. The blockade had been postponed lasj -Saturday because of bad weather. -Manning, .the blockade were members of jiineVAbilshe service clubs, co-eds from Abilene High Schooir Abilene Christian College, McMurry College, Hardin Sim- mons University, and members of seven Hi-Y Clubs. Motorists were being stopped and each person in the automo- biles asked to contribute to the March of Dimes. Shifts of work- to change every two era were hours. Contributions totaling that were Jaken up at the Abilene Live- stock Auction Commission also boosted the March of Dimes drive Friday. Among 24 contributions riot pre- viously announced was a contribu- tion of S19.62 from Mack Bowyer. Mrs. D. R. Richardson. 581 EN 23rd St., was the top collector is the drive Friday night as she col- lected a total of in the ACC Hill and Lamar district. Highest contributing district was from the Bowie School District which had J902.J6. .Chairman of the Mothers' March was Mrs. Stanley E. Smith." 1126 Willis St. Totals by school icnes included Alia'.'. Vista S610.51: Bonham 65; Bowie S902.16: Central S371.97: College Heights S477.37; Crockett, S700.06; Fair Park, S33S.41: Fannin Houston S37.67; Lamar Ixicust North Park Trav- is Valley View S188.26; Woodson S626.QO. The Elmdale area added S83.89; drive-in collections and the hotels Jenner Opens Probe of Red Files Burning WASHINGTON Senate Internal Security subcommittee was embarked today on a probe ol nhat Chairman Jenner (R-lnd> termed "the entire question- of dispersal or destruction of files on Communist subversive activities." Jenner, reiterating his charge that in 1944 a White House order directed the Navy to destroy some of its intelligence files on Com- munist activities, announced late yesterday the subcommittee: would start hearings in the near future. Another likely subject for the in- vestigation appeared in a state- by Sen. Bridges Bridges said that an order was issued for the destruction of "all records of .a subversive nature about individuals in the Army." This happened, he said, about the same time as the incident Jenner described. Orders Rescinded Bridges said the order was re- scinded after he and other mem- bers of the old Senate Military Affairs Committee made a secret investigation at the Pentagon. In the forthcoming hearings by the Internal Security sub-commit- tee, Jenner said, "all concerned will be given full opportunity to be heard under oath." Jenner did not say who might be witnesses. Several persons re- ported to have known about the order, or to have been in posi- tions that might enable them to know about it, have said they re- member nothing of the matter. Jeimer said Adm. Ernest J. King, wartime chief of naval op- erations, told Adm. Chester Nim- itz. commander of the World War H Pacific fleet, that the order to destroy certain naval intelligence ffles came from the White -House. Both King and Nimitz in sep- arate interviews said they had no recollection of such a conversa- tion. Jenner said the statement checked (and) has been completely verified." He suggested the admirals, now. retired, might not "remember the details of a conversation in the Pacific, in the midst of a war." Jonathan Daniels, a White House aide in 1944 and now editor of the Raleigh, N. C., News Observer, said such "matters as the reported order would have been within the jurisdiction of Adm. William D. Leahy, former. President Roose- velt's personal chief .of staff, and Adm. Wilson naval aide, "about'-Svnose integrity and patriotism no .one .could ever in good sense raise a question." Molotov Still Blocks Start of Peace Talks Over 2.5 Million Jobless, But Lay-Off Rate Slackens: m L IN SENATE REPORT Military Reserve Shortage Blasted "WASHINGTON Ifl A Senate committee said today the na- tion's luilitary reserves are bsdly undermanned. blamed the shortage in large p'arl on the calling of inactive re- of them World War n duty in the Korean War. The Senate Armed Services Com- mittee issued a report stressing the importance to national defense of "a strong ready reserve but it said its study showed that the resprves of all the services are "suffering from a serious shortage of manpower." The National Guard, the report indicated, is in better shape, but in need of at least a year's train- ifig to be ready for combat. CTIie committee recalled that nearly a million reservists were summoned to active duty in the Korean War and that most ot these of were-World War II veterans. 30. paid reservists toward the armed forces which still the re- port' said. Among other things, it also said: 1. Many parents and wives re- fuse to let sons and husbands sign up for reserve training for fear they will be called up. 2. Some employers discriminate against reservists because of the time required for military training or the possible loss of the worker during a war. 3. Many reserve units are far under strength, some with less than a tenth of their authorized person- nel. Others have too many offi- cers; two few enlisted men. The Air Force reserve has more officers than airmen. 5. There is a critical shortage of young pilots in Air Force and Navy air reserve units. Average age of pilots in many units is above Fog Blankets Area; Drizzle WASHINGTON HI The Labor Jepartment made public- today igures indicating unemployment may-'nave reached or exceeded 254 million, although the rate of-job ayoffs has slackened. -The Census Bureau reported ye's- erday that.unemployment reached noted that thousands of these veterans were inactive reservists, undergoing no training and receiv- ing' no pay, while thousands of ac- tive reservists remained at home, although they had teen paid for training duty. "This inexplicable policy creat- ed an attitude-of distrust and re- on the part of the non- Chairman Saltpnstall (R-Mass) said the committee will hold early public hearings on the problem. THE WEATHER -fc.S. -DEFAMKEST OF COMMENCE WCATHKK HURRAH ABILENE AND VICINITY: Mostly cloudy mid cooler this Rltcrroon. tonlsnt Sunday: chance for dtiule tontsnt. tcmwrMure today, 55 degrees; low ,15: hlsh 55-tO. GET INSERT TEMrEKATUKKS 1.30 53 51 51 W 50 ____, 34 A.M.: Sunset tonight tor JHiour ptttod "fjlMmum fimpVrniurt (or H-hour imlwl rtlininif'it :'.ritilllln hwnMltr Fog, which cut early morning visibility to an eighth of a mile at the Abilene Municipal Airport, was expected to clear by noon. Weathermen this morning held out hopes, however, for a little moisture from the low hanging clouds, predicting a "chance for driiile" Saturday night. Statewide, a few days of sticky weather was in prospect as a warm front originating in the Mis- sissippi delta area moved over the state. A cool front from Kansas moved into the Panhandle, lower- ing temperatures. Neither front was expected to bring drastic change to Texas weather. Locally, the Abilene weather station predicted cooler weather, with a low of 35 degrees Saturda> night. High Saturday afternoon was due to be about 55 degrees with high Sunday from 55 to 60 degrees. Police Investigate Burglary, Prowlings Police Saturday morning re- ported one burglary and two house prowlings in the last 12 hours. The residence of J. A. Brown, 1724 North Seventh, was- entered Friday evening while the family was away at a show, according to Identification Officer Grover Chronistcr. Taken were a pair of trousers and a pair of shoes. The thief ransacked the place, includ- ing a chest and clothes closet. I all being left open, anrt opening the refrigerator he ate a snack. Entrance was made through a front door left unlocked, police said, Prowlers were 'reported to po- lice by Mrs. C. B. Polk, 1771 Walnut St.. and Sirs. Kelly Faucctt. 750 Mesquitc. Mrs. M. A. Staggs, 765 EN llih St., told police a patent leather purse, containing papers and Jl in change, was taken from her. car parked at Lumar School Friday. Collegian Injured In Scooter Wreck Condition ot Kenneth Hundley 19-year-old Hardin Simmons Uni versity student who was hjjurei in a motor scooter-car acciden .here Friday afternoon, was de scribed as "pretty good" by Hen drick Memorial Hospital attend snts Saturday morning. He suffered cuts and bruises, at teiidants said. Policemen Lynn Winters an George McGee said Hundley' scooter collided with an auto drive by Charlds Mohr, 26, 1326 Nort 21st St. Hundrey lives in a dornu at H-SU. The accident occurred abou p.m. Friday at Grape St. an University Blvd., officers said. A NEW, CONVENIENT SEP.VIC for the Abilene Reporter New subscribers. Bepinning this Sun day ond cuch Sunday thereotte o convcnisnt SHOP SY MAI order form will appear in th columns of the Abilene Reportci News. Use this time ond effort savin mail order form to sliop the man items advertised hv Abilene mei chants eac'rt Sunday. You'll fin this SHOP BY MAI form on Page West Won't Allow Germans in Parley BERLIN Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov stubbornly tried again'today to bring East and West Germans into the Big Four conference on German unity. He ran into a Western stone wall. The persistent Soviet diplomat, who refused to accept no for an answer on this same issue yesterday, brought the sub- ject up soon after the sixth day's session opened. The American, British and French, ministers vetoed the Russian in turn. They repeated then- reasoning of ithat the two Germanys haven't got a 'government that can either speak or listen for the German people and therefore the rival regimes in existence cannot he allowed to take part in the discussions. The Russians aren't much interested in whether the Western government of Konrad Adenauer takes part. Theii aim is clearly to get some kind of recognition for their satel- lite Communist machinery which rules the Soviet zone and its 18 million people. i Though the German question had moved up to priority attention for tlv Big Four, the U. S and Russian ministers al- so decided to go into their pre- NEEDLESOSE planes under test and in use are grouped at Ed- wards AFB, Calif. In center is the Douglas X-3. Others, clockwise from lower left, are Bell X-1A, the Navy's Douglas D-558, Convair XF-92 to test delta wings, Bell X-5 variable wing craft, the Navy's rocket-powered Douglas D-558, and the twin-jet Northrop X4. figures which he said showed'half 'persons left .the lar-or force during the month. Tnt labor Zurce includes alL persons working or seeking work. If a housewife gave up a Christmas season job, for example', and did not seek an- other, she would be counted as eraav cuat.imempiovmeni reaciieu nvwu m. >.vuui..w for the week ending Jan. leaving the labor force, reducing the employed total; but not in- creasing the unemployed. "Employment fell off by. one mil- Douglas said, "but unem- ployment only went up half that much. I find it questionable wheth- an increase of over the preceding month. However, the Labor Depart-. ment's Bureau of Employment Security reported that the number f jobless claiming unemployment ompensation benefits was 27 on Jan. 16, an increase of 888 over Jan. 9. Perhaps Higher Since only 36 million out of the lation's nearly 60 million em- ployed persons are covered by the teniployrnent compensation pro- am, economists speculate the obless total probably has climbed o million or higher. The figures today showed there were initial claims for un- employment compensation benefits or the week ended Jan. 23. Not all of these can be considered as unemployed, since some normally [et other jobs "in a few days. These 410.600 initial claims for obless benefits indicated a con- inuing heavy number of workers osing their jobs. But the .figure c o m'p a r e d with -H4.800 initial claims for the week ended Jan. 16 nth 468.787 Jan. 9, and" Jan. 2. Rate Lower. Thus, the rate of new unemploy- ment has slacked a bit now for wo straight .weeks. This encouraged government of- 'icials who have been closely fol- owing the. unemployment data. Normally there is an employment slack in the wintertime reaching a peak in early January after holi- day trade eases off. UsuaHy there is some improve- ment in the latter weeks of Jan- uary and the experts feel the re- duced unemployment 'rate is a hopeful sign that some employ- ment recovery may be on the way. Sen. Douglas (D-T51) said census figures do not reflect "real unem- ployment" because they do' not count workers temporarily laid off. The census figure on unemploy- ment omits those told to return within 30 days.' Counted as Employed The new report, he said in an interview, shows that work- ers were temporarily laid off. Many of these, Douglas contended, will be unemployed for several weeks or even months. But they are now counted, he said, as part of the employed workers total. He questioned, too, government er that many persons actually left the" labor Sen. Byrd meanwhile, made public a new" count of fed- e r a 1 government employment which showed a decrease of liminary talks on atomic en- ergy control tonight. Over cocktails and caviar last night Russia's V. SI. Molotov and America's John Foster Dulles ar- ranged to come'to grips with the problem of how to make nuclear energy an aid to better living in- stead of a horrible device for sud- den death. Meet tonight Molotov and Dulles will meet again tonight after the regular ses- sion of the Big Four foreign minis- ters They will have with them only minimum number of advis- ers and 'interpreters. From this meeting may come an indication of just how far iet Union is- ready to goT dtnt Eisenhower's proposal of Dte. 8 that the woad powers prin- cipally involved with atomic, devel- opment pool their energy and know how for peaceful purposes The decision to hold atomic" meeting tonight was taken November and DecemberJ flumer <wctor head- The reduction continues ajl7-month trend. Byrd is chairman of a special joint committee on reduction of non-essential expenditures. He said the federal payrolls last month showed ah overall civilian em- ployment of DE GASPERI NEXT? Brand-New Italian Cabinet Is Defeated HOME Fanfani's 11-day-old Christian Democrat gov- ernment fell today, opening a new Italian political crisis. The government, Italy's third in six was toppled when the Chamber of -Deputies refused to .Fanfani a vote of confidence. The vote against him was 303 to 260. Communists, fellow-traveling So- cialists, Monarchists, pro-Western Democratic Socialists and one of Ms own Christian Democrats, combined to defeat the 46-year-old Premier. Only the Christian Democrats, .save one trade union member of the and the Republican with five votes, stood by Fanfani and his ambitious program of anti-communism and social re- form. The Liberal a small center group with 12 votes, ab- stained. Stubby, balding Fanfani; stalked tut of tie. Chamber immediately after the rote and announced 'he vas going to lunch. Later today he is scheduled to go to Italian Luigi Einaudi to submit tis 'formal'resignation. Already plans were laid for start- ing the now-familiar process by Italy searches for a' new government. Monday Einaadi will start his rounds of consultations to find the next Premier. The. Christian Democrat press was pointing to a strong HAVE YOU PAID YOUR POLL TAX? 648 7.093 Poll's Paid 1952 Days before deadline........... Polls Paid Friday.-. Polls 1'aid to Date Polls Paid Last Year City Worker Dies !n Bret k Mishap BRECKENRIDGE, Jan. neral arrangements are pending for L. Joe Angel, 57, .city employe and former Stephens County who was killed instant- ly here at 5 p. m. Friday while unloading bridge steel. Kiker Funeral Home of Breck- enridge will be In charge of fu- neral services. Mr." Angel was killed when bridge steel fell from a city truck and crashed him. The accident oc- curred on North Baylor Ave. Mr. Angel had lived most of his life in Stephens County snd served several terms as county commis- sioner. He was in that office unti two years ago. when he began working for the city here. quarters of "tfolotov, where Dulles and top American staff were his guests. Only an hour earlier they bad left the conference table where they had battled over whether Germans from both sides of the Iron Curtain should sit with them in discussing GermEny's future j Molotov had dematded that (be Germans be seated. But the West- ern foreign ministers insisted that German representatives could speak in council only after a re- union through honest aud free all- German elections. The Soviet Union has refuted to go aiong with the election proposal. Molotov argued' thit there fiat be no settlement of the German question on "peaceful and demo- cratic" lines unless Germans par- ticipate. Dulles rejected Molotov's prooos- al, saying the problem is to get representatives from all Ger- many. Too Far Apart French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault said the two regimes in Germany the Communist East and the democratic so far apart he did not think their presence would contribute much to a settlement- He deplored the lack of German representation but Hurry! Poll Tax Deadline Is Right Here Poll tax payments 'Friday brought total to passing the 1953 total by about but being far short of the record of in 1952 .Deadline for paying it the tax collector's of flee will be 5 p.m. today, though all who will be served, Raymond. Petree, tax collector said. All mafl applications for poll-tax receipts, with .envelopes "postmarked befon 12, midnight Sundar.'will be fton- ored-and receipts sent as soon a they-can be processed. The tax oSire'wiH sot open Sun- day; though.- _ It_was estimated 300 mail_appli- cations on hand had not been pro- Up to Saturday no long lines waiting for poll tax payments, as has been customary in prevloui years, were noticeable. -de Gasperi, the lean old is better than fo see them statesman who g u i de d Italy through eight years of stable gov- ernment after the, war until last June's shattering elections. These cost De Gasperi and his Christian democrats nearly two million votes greatly increased the strength of the left and right in Parliament and broke up the four-party coalition which De Gasperi had welded. tear f themselves to pieces before our eyes.' British Foreign Secretary An- thony Britain could not accept Molotov's proposition. Eden introduced yesterday a five stage plan for German unification beginning with the holding of "genuinely free" elections through- out the East and West lojies. Baptists Take Census Sunday The annual Baptist religious cen- sus will be taken Sunday when 2.000 church members will ei ery part of the city except Elm- wood West Addition. Elmwood West census tome later in connection, with es- tablishment of a mission church there in the spring or early sum- mer. Lee McCoy, educational di- rector ot First Baptist Church, general chairman of said. Most participating churches will serve lunch for the census" work- ers, give instruction then and get canvass under way early in the afternoon. Cooperating Baptist Churches, each of which wfll supply work- ers, are Ash Street, -Belraont, Cal- vary. FJmwood, Friendship, Graham Street, Immanuel, Memor- ial. North Grape, North Park, Port- land Avenue, South Side, -Templi, University Church and the Cres- cent Heights Mission.- Plant to Be Heated With Nuclear By-Products Official Disappear? TOKYO. Friday, Jan. 29 Ift-An official of the Russian mission in Jansri was missing today under, strange circumstances spurring I Hon .reactor ..under, construction speculation ranging from suicide there. to reports he was in U. S. By FRANK CAREY AP Science Reporter WASHINGTON Atomic Energy Commission announced plans today to put the atom to work in a new some buildings at one of its big plants as a by-product of making mate- rials for bombs. Hitherto all such atom-generated heat in .this country .has -been wasted, though the I British for several years have been keeping buildings warm in this w-ay. The commission said it plans to introduce the new heating system as part of an expansion program how 'under way at its Hanford, Wash., plutonuim-maliiiig plant. It will bo' hooked up to "a hew produc- The AEC said the new heatinf svstem would save XJnde Sam the cost of VA million gallons of oil annually. The commission told about it in its report to Congress. In the same report the AEC also disclosed first details of its previously-an- nounced plan to build the nation's first large-scale atomic power re- actor in the quest for economical industrial power from the atom. The commission reported In- creased progress and tempo in all phases of the military and peace- time aspects of the atomic pro- gram in which the American people have invested more than 12 billion dollars since 1940. in the medical .field, the AEC said promising research harl been made toward using radioactive thulium in a portable device, needing no power supply, wMeh could take the place of an X-ray, example on a batth- iield. The commission also said pro- gress had been made in locating brain tumors with the aid ot radio- active arsenic and in the possibility of using ray-emitting cobalt to treat cancer.. -r- Other than gemvaliied termi about production, tbe AEC used guarded, close-to-the-vest language in discussing Own was nary a mention of hydrogen weapons by name. The commission did My, how- ever, that since June it hat had a "weapons research labors lory" at Uvermore, Calif, oper- ated with the cooperation of University of ndUttn laboratory. {Deadline Is 5 p.m. Today lor Paying Your Poll Tax