Abilene Reporter News, January 28, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

January 28, 1954

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Issue date: Thursday, January 28, 1954

Pages available: 62

Previous edition: Wednesday, January 27, 1954

Next edition: Friday, January 29, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Pages available: 994,916

Years available: 1917 - 1977

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 28, 1954, Abilene, Texas CLOUDY, WARMER Wift ^Mme ^^eporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" - Byron_ EVENING FINAL VOL. LXXIII, No. 226 Astocinted,Frets (ÁP) ABÌLeNE, TEXAST THURSDAY EVENING,'jANUARY 28,’1954—TWENTY-FOUR PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOe Dulles Fires Hot Barrage at Reds Hits China Aggression BULLETIN BERLIN m — Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov proposed to the Big Four today the calling of a world conference this year on general reduction of armaments. BERLIN (A'L—Secretary of State Dulles charged in the Big Four conference today that Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov is trying to •upersede the United Nations with a council of five powers including Red China. Dulles demanded for tlie third straight day that the conference get to the problem of Germany at once, Dulles, opening the foiirth ^ay’s meeting, loosed a blistering attack on Foreign Minister Chou En-lai of Communist China. He asked: “Who is this Chou En-iai whose addition to our circle would make possible solution of all our problems?" He described Chou as a leader of a regime which gained power through a blotKly war, became an open aggressor in Korea, and even now continues to promote aggression in Indochina. Playing on Hopes “Such is the man Mr. Molotov proposes w'ould enable us to solve all the world’s problems,” the American diplomat scathingly declared. Dulles claimed that in aiguing here for a five-power meeting, Molotov has been playing on the hopes raised when the United Nations was formed in 1945 in order to justify transferring those hopes to a council of the five powers. The fact is. Dulles continued, Molotov is trying to replace the United Nations with a council o( five which he said would take over responsibility for running üm world. The Dulles argument hit hard at the five-power conference suggestion which all three Western min-    . isters have already rejected. But HOUSTON if^-A mechanic who the Western delegations are ex- plucked $46,^ from (h® tremely sensitive to peace hopes,...... especially with respect to Indochina, They were clearly determined to explore all possibilities of a settlement in case Molotov ONE DRAFTEE INSIDE STORY—For the fourth year, the National Guard will put up Mothers’ March stickers in Abilene business houses Thursday night. Lt James Bowers, left, and Capt. Don B. Bowen practice taping one of the stickers on a window—lettering on the card reads “Turn On Your Porch Light—Fight Polio Tonight” (Friday). Please see story on Page 1-B. (Staff photo)___ Part of Houston Bank Loot Believed Found has anything serious in mind. Taka Tough Lina Dulles, Foreign Secretary Eden and Foreign Minister Bldault ditioning unit of a wrecked ear has turned the search for $57.000 taken in a faked New Year’s Eve bank robbery here to Wrens, Ga. NineolZI 'Squealers,' UN Charges By WILLIAM C. BARNARD TOKYO 'Jl—At least 9 of 21 American prisoners \v^o turned their backs on their homeland acted as stool pigeons for Chinese guards in North Korean prison camps, the U.N. Command officially disclosed tonight. The nine were accused of Informing on fellow prisoners. The UNC said of the 21: Four expected to be punished if they returned and were afraid to come back. Five were sent to China during their captivity for further schooling. Seven were either selected for or promised more schooling in Red China. Five were considered weak and not sincere in their Communist beliefs. “Reasons they stayed with the Reds w'ere: they fell in love with Chinese w’omen; they hoped to get something for nothing; and they were promised educations in China.” Twelve were “Progressives’* from the first days of capture and active in all kinds of Red activity in the prison camps. Most Infantrymen Twenty of the 21 were regular Army men. One was a draftee. Three were artillerymen, two were medical aidmen. There were two engineers and the rest w'ere infantrymen. Five are 21 years old and the oldest is 32. The average age is 23'4. Nineteen are single, tw’o married. Three are Negroes. Ten had an average of two years in high school. One had 3H years of college and another graduated from college. Two completed grammar school only and two didn’t finish gramm.ar school. One only completed the sixth grade. No Previous Politics Not a single one of the 21 had any recorded politic.nl activity prior to entering the Army, The Allied spokesman said 10 of the    21    came from    low^ - income homes.    Most of the    others were from middle class families. One is the son of an Army officer. One of the 21 is an orphan w'ho was adopted at the aee of 11. Two came from broken homes. Houston National Bank job was mi pgfoi-e entering the .\rmy, five small bills.    were restaurant workers, four * The wreck^    car had    not been    drivers,    three were stolen, the    Georgia police    helpers;    one was a ...    bakerv emplove. a service station Meanwhile    one    of    five    persons    attendant, sales clerk, machine charged in the    bank    robbery    filed    „p^rator. and welder. Four were Insure Prosperity, Ike Asks Congress Dip, Quick Recovery Predicted JUST INDUSTRIALIZING—Attending the West Texas Chamber of Commerce Industrial Conference at the Wooten Hotel Thursday were E. F. Smith Jr., left, new manager of the Coleman Board of Community Development; Ben Denman, center, president of the Brownwood Chamber of Commerce, and Roy Johnson, right, cashier at the Haskell National Bank, formerly of Abilene. (Staff Photo) Westex Leade rs Challenged To Bring in New Industries Police Chief C. W. Brown of Wrens told Houston authorities by a federal court petition secKing to    emoloved.  *^..„.1    recover a 1953 Oldsmobile seized in    * New' Orleans by federal authorities. An attorney for .James David i i Mitchell. 25. claimed In the peli-i phone the S4S.OOO was found after a 1953 Oldsmobile trash^ into a telephone pole. Four Savannah, lunched together at noon and ap-'Ga.. rwiidents were killed. parenUy decided on their tacUcs    The mechanic spotted the stacks | tion    the car was seized unlawfully, to take a tough line on the five- ; of bills while stripping the wreck-' ' power conference. At least that! age for salvage. w as the line being taken by Dulles, who sought to move Molotov on to a discussion of the German question. We don’t know where the money came from,” Brown said. An FBI spokesman here de- THE WEATHER Four different points of view’ were presented to community leaders attending the West Texas W*. Cantrell, managing director of the Arkansas State C-C at Little Rock, in his discussion of what a Chamber of Commerce Industrial! community should offer industry Conference at the Wooten Hotel! Tbe emphasis is on having a Jan. 14. “This is in violation of Mitchell’s constitutional rights,” the petition alleges. FBI agents have described the Thursday morning. Industry, business, and two re-j gional chambers of commerce were i represented among the four speak-! ers. w’eli-balanced community, he said. He defined ibis as one with a broadly based economy rooted in native resources — mineral, agricultural, and human; a broadly i based income without dominance WASHINGTON m — President Eisenhower today termed the nation “marvelously prosperous,” predicted recovery this year from a “brief and self-correcting” business dip and pledged to use the government’s vast powers to combat a depression if one should develop. He proclaimed readiness—whenever necessary to avert a depression—to cut taxes, liberalize credit and launch large-scale public works even at the cost of new deficit financing. And he gave forceful notice, in his economic report to Congress, that it should take “bold steps” requested in his 1954 legislative program to “protect and promote economic stability.” includes Tax Cut The program, he said, includes the protection of millions more workers under unemployment and old-age insurance, and bigger benefit payments; federal aid for public works planning; stimulants to housing; tax revision; highway improvement; a new farm program: and a tariff program to encourage foreign trade. AH this is “immediately advisable action.” Eisenhower said, adding that if he finds more pow’er is needed, he will ask for it promptly. Missing was an expected request for an increase in the 75-cent hourly minimum wage. Secretary of Labor Mitchell recently reported that the administration was exploring means to raise it to **t more realistic level.” But Eisen-how’er told Congress the time is not ripe. i    No    Emergency I Of his economic program, out-i lined In a 35.000-word message, ,    .    I    Eisenhower    said; S» > le2i»l»Uv, program tractive, k^pt to%n, End pco-Ainerc^ncv    for    tiio pie who take pride in living there. I ^„ent fituation clearly’does not Scouts, who survey possible lo-! require one. cations with a view to bringing 1 “instead, it is a program for industry there, often tuna down a , stimulating economic growth and town on account of its “dingy, un- minimizing any chance there may kempt appearance, CantreU said. „f g^riou« economic difficulty A pleasing environment m**; fn the future.” dared. “We're checking the possi- seized auto as the getaway car Thursday n’tght and Friday High ter^ra- Duiles told Molotov it was ob- bUity that the money is part of the Houston loot.” The FBI said some $10,000 of the monev was tn $100 bills, the rest In 20s, 10s and 5s. The loot In the vious the proposed five-power conference could not be a temporaiy one. He said it was "incredible" that the four here, plus Chou En-1*1, would be able to solve political, mllltary and economic problems    a    i«^ with which the United Nations had HUGE LAYOUT grappled for nine years. The task.s which Molotov outlined yesterday for the five-power meeting ranging from atomic disarmament to Aslan settlements— would compel it to become permanent. Dulles said. “My feeling is that we have had an adequate first round exchange of views on this subject and that without forgetting what has been said we should now move on to an exchange of views regarding the problems relating to Germany and Reporter-Ncws Austria Dulles said    he    had    developed complete layout great admiration    for    Molotov’s ; the major buildings    and    installa- sklll as a diplomat in the past and tlons has been prepared especially that Molotov    had not    lost his , for The Reporter-New    s. touch    '    Editor Dick    Tarpley    has l.S. DKPARTMFNT OF rOM.MERCE AWLENE’aJS’vinNm'*»"'•' “    |    ide^uite    To thVloH^irriduiationil at the mornmg session, to w hich fgciii.ie, capable of bringing con- they were welcomed by Elbert E. management personnel is particularly important, he said, since they About 250 commum^ leaders j Sv’r„/o„;Tactor pliilic seVJT,:;;    UAliase    ottin cloudy »nd warmer Thursday »fternoon. He set this goal for the economy: “an increasing national income, shared equitably among those who used in the Houston ■■ohliery.    ilZ nuSi «‘ n“ “f" Iv’S"    i    Hall,    president of the AbUene Cc! Mitchell is held ui Harris Countj south cfntrai. tex.as Friday    p Fanning of San Angelo, •'*ii''^er".fc''ba*i^eTof'7Snk «b- *'SoSrH"<?ib!‘i^*rT'ixK'Si.S£y    of the CC Managers As- under federal charges of bank rob c.i.>UAiineiui warmer t*d»y »nd tonight sociation of West Te.xas, gave the some luht rwir *n southew.t portion FTWwy ^esponse. Invocation was made by tJnued improvement to the culture See INDUSTRY, Pg. 3-A, Col. 3 Industry expects all this of a contribute to its growth, and bery and conspiracy. WKST TKXAS; Partly cloudy _    .    . wnd Frldwy Warmer Panhandle    the Rev. VVillis P. Gerhart, reclor S<mth Plains and Cpper Pecos % alley east-    r r-s,..-«», «.f ward today touUht Reporter-News to Print Map of Air Bose Sunday Wed .19 4Ü 43 What will ‘be Abilene Air Force Base look like? You'll get an idea of how big this huge base will actually be when you read your next Sunday’s compiled a story on the "work schedule” for the mammoth project, a schedule which indicates that construction will really booming by mid-summer. TF.MPFRATl RFS P. >1.    Thiirt. A M 1 10    41 2 10    ........ 41 ......  j    10    .......... 43 ..... 4    .......... 42  . :> 10 ....  6 1(1 ...... .  ....... 7    10    ....... .....    8    30    .......... 47 .....    to    .  ........ 48  10 10     « n W    ,    54 12 30    5' ;er read'.ns at 13 30 pm 28 40 ‘ .iimldity at 13 30 p m 81 per 45 48 43 43 42 41    . 40 40 40 41 40 Haï 'n be cent Maximum temperatale for 34 hours end-uiti at 6 10 a 111. 48 M'.nim i of the Episcopal Church of the , Heavenly Rest. Eldor L. Buelow of San Angelo, chairman of the industrial committee and vice president of the WTCC. presided over the meet- Drive to Cut Sales Taxes Gains Steam WASHINGTON uTL_a drive to above 10 per cent are “exorbitant’ I achieved in dollars of stable buying pow’er.” After a year in office, he reported national production at a record 367 billion dollars. “Employment is high, prices are steady, and wages and profits are generally satisfactory.” he said. Mainly Inventory Move But "there can be no certainty” that the late-1953 dip In business activity will not become a broader and deeper movement than the “minor adjustment’’ thus far rec- ^"Ired H. Husbands. ^*TCC gen- excise taxes was picking up i and are seriously hurting some , eral manager, offered the conference delegates a “challenge” to bring industry into their towns. steam in the House today but an ¡ businesses. administration leader cautioned that any lost revenue might ha%*e His proposal would slash the He described the contraction as mainly an inventory adjustment— a production slowdown intended to ^     ..          accumulation He pointed out that Texas bas    .    ,    distance telephone ca,Is. 20 per ' stocks, and conUnued: drawn much Induslry from the , ^ be made up by new or Increased cent taxes on furs. jewelr.% cos-|    economv    is    basically meucs. luggage, women s hand- ■ strong   „    _ .... _    ,    North in recent ye»rs, largely on i taxes elsewhere. V«-.    This    big    8-column    map and stoiy m m.n    trru^rwture    Mr 34 hour* end-1 4ç.count of its clirrfate. industrial! Rep. Halleck    of Indiana. GOP bags, movie and other admissions, ; -Unless the government Is pre-- A map of the base, showing the will be one of the extra featurt s tna        ^    management    laws,    com-I floor leader, told newsmen manv Photographie equipment and some pared and willing to use its vast .molete lavout and location of all of the big Sunday Reporter-News.    -    -----------—  -------------- your best buy for a dime. Order an extra copy now at the Reporter-News business office or at your dealer. Stubborn Bricker Won't Compromise Your Wont Ad Charge Account Is Now Open! parative few’ taxes, and “a good excise or sales taxes now are so    items;    and    15    per    cent    rates    powers    to    help    maintain    employ- Just sav “charge it" when you atmt phere for business. More Water Needed Disadvantages, on the other hand, are lack of 'water in many areas — which he said Is being overcome. discrimination on freight rales, and workmen s com-    excises    we    would    also high there is no doubt they im- T ^    , I r« u u n pose extreme hardships and are    bghters.    local    telephone    bills doing much to stifle certain segments of business.” But he added: “Of course, in view of the fiscal situation of the government, in on sj»rting g^s, pens and pen- ■ mem and purchasing power, even a minor readjustment may be con-and domestic telegrams and leased i verted into a spiraling contrac-wires.    i    tion." have to give attention to additional revenues as necessary to offset WASHINGTON Sen. Bricker i the American people against (K-Ohio . ticking off the objections President Elsenhower has ralscci to his propo.scd constitutional amendment on treaty - making, tabbed one after another .as ' untrue” and “100 per cent wrong" tn ■ Senate speech today. "Although the President’s motives are, as always, .sincere, his advisers have sold him a had hill of ghod.s ■’ Bricker said in a prepared .speech Bricker told his colleagues he had hoi'ed for a time to reach a “mutuallv .satisfactory agreement with the White House. He blamed the ^resident’s advisers, and Secretary ot State Dulles In particular, for preventing this. "No reasonable compromise appealed to Mr. Dulles.” he said. Discussions now have ^^ded, Bricker declared, and it is unlikely that the discussions will resume.” Despite the President s objections. Bricker predicted:    A con- •titutional amendment to protect abuses of the treaty-making power will be pas.sed.” In a brief Senate speech last Friday, Bricker implied he thought the President sliouid stay out of the fight over his amendment. Today, he said he con.sidered it "appropriate” for the administration to “participate In this m<^ mentous constitutional debate." Then he added: But it would be highly improper. They declined, however, to say how Eisenhower feels about the George substitute. They refused also lo say whether any decisions were made. Others attending the unscheduled conference at the While House were Sen. Ferguson of Michigan, chairman of the Senate GOP policy committee. Sen, MilUkln of Colorado. chairman of the Conference of all Republican Senators; William P Rogers, deputy atloiney in mv judgment for the adminis-^ general, and twm White House liai-tration to use patronage and other son men with Congress, Wilton B. types of pressures in an effort to defeat the proposed amendment. Meanwhile Senate Republican leaders reviewed with the Presl dent the situation which has developed in the Senate battle over the Bricker amendment. They acknowledged that one specific subject discussed was the proi>os«l advanced by Sen. George iIMiti as a substitute for the controversial constitutional amendment sponsored by Sen. Bricker (R-Dhlo). Persons and Jack Martin. Knowland said the party leaders "made a complete report to the President on the legislative situation.” Eisenhower has expressed unalterable opposition to the Bricker amendment as drafted. Asked today whether he was taking back to Uie Capitol another letter from Elsenhower, Knowland replied; "I would prc'ir not to discuss that.” pensation laws. But as far as natural resources place your weekday or Sunday j and assets are concerned. Texas’ ' Want Ad! It s that stmp!#. So why potentialities for development are '    '    ,    .    ...    . VC.    -    n«ds    o    ■    unumiled,    Husband, sjid. when as little os 41c o doy will r red A, Elliston, manager of the bring you the fast results you desire. Approximctelv 20.000 wont area development division of the    House Speaker Martin R-Masst .    Texas Electric Service at    Fort    touched off a new round of vspecula- ods appeor in the Abilene Re-. Worth, urged communities to see    yesterday by backing a proporter News eacn month. That where they stand as a town be-    excise or sales means apprevimotelv 20 000 peo- i fore asking industry isr    '    taxes    above 10 i»r cent down to pie knew the powe» of Wont Ads He showed visitors ¿ir the meet-i level, except for liquor and and    ore    using    them    reaularlv to    ; ing a survey form which his    com-    tobacw. The idea .already had .;oin    extra    prvfd    in    buyoa,    sell-    | pauv has devised and used    in 25    considerable bipartisan support, mg, renting, trodmg. etc.' More j West Texas towns. They are    told    reporters ihan ’00 cSobSiiiCotivjns    are toblishcd to be certain e\i vVont Ad has    maximum    reoder-    j    area, which includes Sweetwater, ship Nearly    140 000    readers    Eastland, Ranger, Miiiiand, Odes- awQit your od’    Phone if.    mail it    |    sa. Big Spring. Breckenridge. and WichitAX Falls among 119 cities. The form asks questions    about rates €»- j planning to survey every town of ■ ery more than 1,000 population in their CANDIDATES WANTED Stew Not Even Warm In City Political Pot Wanted. Candidates for five of- \biiene south of the Texas and iices in Abilene’s April 6 annual Pacific Railway, city election.    (2i    City Commission Place 4, The political pot cit>'-wide— occupied by C. T. tTommy! Con-wasn’t boiling Thursday mornmg. ' erly, and all candidates for that It wasn’t even simmering. The wa-; post must reside in AbUene north ter wasn’t even warm.    ■    of    the    T&P    Railway. or bring it. And when v-ou do just •oy ' CHARGE IT!” Your Sunday Wont Ad . . . dcodlT.e On space cds — ods requiring one inch or more «;poce IS 12:00 noon Friday. Word ads will be accepted until 12:00 noon Soturday. Call now so you won t forget 140,000 readers await your od! schools, water, local industry, civic leadership, resources, and similar facts in which Industry is interested. Only after these tacts are studied and analjzed and definite action has been taken to correct ills and deficiencies thus revealed should the community go out after more Industry, Elllston said. "They may find they don't need new industry but nef^ a revival of interest In existing industry or | agriculture.” he said    I ‘Balanced’ Town Urged f A pleasing place to live was the ; main point emphasiied by Frank I WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES PORCH LIGHT PARADE Mothe'>? ma«^ch on polio Friday night. Pog# 1-B POLL TAX PUSHED - Ab er^e CIVIC orgonijotions moke united effort to increese county s voting strength. Poge 5-B. SITUATION NORMAL — U S. ond Russia spend ftfsf two days at Big Four conference blasting each other Page 8 A. NON-RIPATS GO NORTH — Twfentv-one Americon non-re-I    potriotes head north toward lite I    behind the Bomboo Curtain. I    Poge 11-B Nobody had announced for the two City Commission places or (3 ’ Place 3 on the AbUene School Board, occupied by Mrs. Thomas the three School Board jobs    to    be i E. Roberts. Candidates    may    live filled in the April voting.    anywhere within the    AbUene Not a soul had even said    he    or    School District, which includes    the she would do so.    | AbUene city limits and a sizable By state law the deadline    for    territory outside, filing candidacies must be at least (4) School Board Place 1, held 30 days ahead of the election day. The City Commission annually by Morgan Jones Jr., and which can be sought by residents any- sets the exact deadline date, but i where in the school district. it hasn’t done so for 1954. The latest time It could set and obey state law would be March 6; it probably will name a date somewhat earlier than that March 6 Is only 36 days from now, counting Sundays. To be filled in the April 6 election are; (1> City Commission Place 2. now held* by J. Floyd Malcom, the holder of which must reside in (5> Place 2 on the School Board, in which OUie McMitm ia serving. Open to candidates residing anywhere in the school district. Every qualified voter living anywhere in the city limit* may vote on both of the City Commission races. All qualified voters residing within the AbUene School District may vote oa all three sthmi trustee places.Big Golden Cloves Tourney Opens Tonight at 7 ;