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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 26, 1954, Abilene, Texas SS. COLDER; DRIZZLE "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO OR FOES WE SK EFGH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byron EVENING FINAL VOL. LXXUI, No. 224 Aooeiaua' (AF) ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 26, 1954-SIXTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS FPJCE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY Dulles Says No to Reds' Bid on China BERLIN of State Dulles rejected Mos- cow's proposal for a Big Five conference on Asia today, but Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov struck back with a concrete demand tc hold such a parley in May or June; Dulles told the second day's session of the Big Four the United States will not join Red convicted aggres- any meeting in order to deal with the peace of the world. Nevertheless, the secretary said, the Western powers will go'along with Molotov's agenda for the Berlin conference with calls for discussion of Red China first, German unity second and an Austrian peace last so as to avoid further delav Business, Education Day Mapped in the conference work. When -Dulles finished his word speech outlining the Ameri- can" position, Molotov said he would j bring up the five-power issue as the; first order of business tomor- TOW. The Soviet diplomat declared he "Would propose "May-June" as the j time for America, France. Britain, i the U.S.S.R. and Communist China to take up ail their'conflicting in- terests. He did not suggest the" location, but said the purpose would be "to examine the urgent measures necessary to diminish tension in international affairs." Informants aid Molotov's decla- ration on the Asiatic issue would be answered individually by each of the Western ministers. Dulles Scoldi Russians In rejecting the idea of sitting from Communist China's Premier Chou En-lai. Secretary Dulles scolded the Russians for advancing the idea that any great powers have the right to decide all international questions. His speech was a sham reply to Molo- tov's attack on the United States yesterday at the opening of the Biff Four conference. "It seems incredible." he told Foreign Secretary .Eden and French Foreign Minister Bidault. "that Soviet leaders should r.ovv be devoting themselves to re- viving Franco-German hos- tility and obstructing a unification which would realize the vision of the wise European statesmen who for generations have been preach- ing unity as the indispensable foundation for lasting peace." V EDO In speech to the opening con- ference session yesterday. Molotov dehounced the proppsed European Defense Community which would link France and Germany mili- tarily. He also generally assailed American aim Allied defense meas- ures throughout the world. "There is no known substitute for EDC" Dulles declared today. "Certainly the Soviet Union has proposed none except a return to the obsolete, bankrupt system of Versailles and other so-called 'peace' treaties which have bred war." After Molotov's speech yester- day, Dulles accused him of getting away from the main purpose of the conference. "Surely statesmanship can do better than to recreate the world's worst fire hazard." Address Disappointing The American secretary assailed Molotov's opening address as a "profound disappointment" in bringing, up familiar Russian charges and failing to hold out any -new ideas. But he said: "I propose that we refuse to be discouraged and get ahead with our business." He supported speeches made yesterday by Bidault and Eden to give priority to European prob- lems and to unify Germany by steps beginning with free elections throughout the country. had- proposed an agenda and that while "it is not the agenda that we would propose we will take (it) for the sake of getting on with our work." Abilene businessmen will turn the tables on Abilene.school teach- ers for the second year in a row Feb. 25 when they act as hosts for Business .Education Day. Idea "of the day is to give teach- ers a first-hand view of how busi- ness is run by taking them through business houses and teaching them "the ropes" for a day. "The actual operation of a busi- ness is different from what the book has to say." Hugh Lorimer told representatives of host firms at a meeting at the Abilene Cham- ber of Commerce Tuesday. Lorimer' Presides Lorimer presided over the meet- ing in tiie absence of Chairman Bernie Blain. He pointed-out the advantages of the program. Teachers will see a business in operation and be able to carry back to their students who will man those businesses in time to come a more accurate'idea of the place-.of business in a com- munity. .Lorimer said. Also, it yill peat help to teachers upon -.to' advise their students abouCa he pointsd out.. "It will fill the gap .between" tical and" SM. The' this Teachers from all the Abilene Public Schools will be divided into groups of five or ten or 20 and sent to spend a day at a local bak- ery or factory or store. Company officials will take them on a tour of the firm, explaining the use of machines, work done by different employes, purpose of va- rious operations, and the general way in which the business is car- ried on. Luncheon Gueits Teachers will be guests.of their host firms for iuneh and will at- tend lectures on such topics as "Selling." "Employe and others. Question periods will follow each talk. One businessman participating BUSINESS, Pg. 1A, Cci. 4 WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES REPORT CARD Parr.nts of school children to be osked for views of grading system used by Abilene schools. See Poae 1-B. Gl" reluctant 21 plsod for Communist recogni- tion os "free men." Secretary of. Defense Wilson orders dishonor- able discharo.es for them. Page 3-A. Tsxarkano mon- __hunt ends in death_fP.r..Mller .of highway Page 8-B. HOMETOWN NEWS Taylor County Commissioners x'iew plans for modernizing the coun- ty courthouse. Page 8-A. HE SAYS Bricker's Ready for Bricker (H-Ohio) said today a desire to keep the Republican party from being "torn apart" would lead him to accept a reasonable compromise on altering treaty-making powers in the Constitution. Bricker disputed President Ei- senhower's newly stated conten- tions that the Ohioan's proposed amendment would (1) make it im- possible for the United States to deal with friendly countries on de- fense matters, (2) strip the Presi- dent of his historical role as the nation's spokesman, and (3! force American withdrawal from leader- ship in world affairs. In a letter yesterday to Sen. Knowland of California, the GOP floor leader.- Eisenhower said he subscribes fully "to the proposi- tion that no treaty or international agreement can contravene the Con- stitution." He would an amendment to make this clear, he added. Ike Opposed But the President said he was "unalterably opposed" to Bricker's proposal, now before the Senate for debate expected to begin to- morrow, on the ground that "it would impair our hopes and plans for peace and the successful achievement of the important mat- ters now under discussion." He added: "This would include the diver- sion of atomic energy from war- like to peaceful'purposes." Release of the President's letter was regarded in some quarters as indicating the administration has decided it must fight the issue out in the Senate at the risk of splitting the Republicans. However, Knowland said compromise at- tempts -would continue. Wouldn't Hurt Disputing the President's stand. Bricker said his amendment would not in any way affect negotiations with friendly nations for mutual defense or impede Eisenhower's plan to pool atomic energy fesourc- es for peacetime uses. "I have asked for of par- ticulars on this point and 1 never hive received It." Bricker said in an interview. "My amendment- would not. in any shape or form affect negotiations in inter- national affairs and in no way would it restrict or interfere witti- the Preiident in the proper conduct of his duties." Bricker said his aim is to write into the constitution wording "that will keep the President personally or two thirds of the senators from making laws for the -states." He said this would be accomplished by a clause in his amendment which says "a treaty shall become effective as internal law in the United States only through legis- lation which would be valid in the absence of treaty." Prevent Treaty Work It is this "which which the administra- tion balks. Officials have said it would prevent the President from executing a valid treaty dealing with any matters such as narcotics or divorces' which are reserved to the states by the Constitution. They have also criticized a section to give Congress power to "regulate" executive agreements. Bricker "I don't want to interfere with the President's international pow- ers in political fact I have fought for them. But I don't want treaties or executive agree- ments to destroy state govern- ments. "I'm willing to accept any lan- guage that will accomplish what I am driving at, I don't want the Republican1 party torn apart. I'll go as far as responsible man can go." Temperatures Tumble, Light Drizzle Expected Chance for Sleet, Show Here Slight A norther that dropped Abilene temperatures 21 de-t grees between and a.m. -Tuesday was scheduled 'to give a repeat performance but on a lesser scale than last week's blizzard. Cloudy and colder weather was on tap for Tuesday in Abilene, with occasional drizzle possibly freezing by late in the .afternoon. ''Just a bare .chance of snow was the way Weatherman C. E. Sitchler sized up the latest cold front. don't think it willcompare ..with last week." U.S. Weather Bureau'forecast temperatures in ttie low 30's for the afternoon and a low reading of 26 Tuesday j night. Wednesday is to be part- ly cloudy and a little warmer with an expected high tem- perature of about 40 degrees. The mercury stood, at 63 when i the front reached Abilene at 8-30 ROUGH GOING Australian seamen brave pounding surf to clamber aboard a ground- ed 90-ton Royal Australian Navy general purpose vessel to attach lines for refloating op- erations. The vessel went aground at Culburra Beach, near Nowra, Sjauth of Sydney, Au- stralia. First.efforts to pull the vessel into deep water failed when tow lines broke. 'NO FREE SPEECH1 Texans Turned Reds Blame McCarthyism for PANMUNJOM American7 soldiers -who turned to Commu- nism" while in Red prisoner o? war camps today gave their reasons individually' and: also" in a mass press conference. Both United Nations and Com- munist newsmen were present as the men asked the Communists to take them, back as "free from the unlocked stockades where they are now. In individual interviews, the men gave their reasons for choosing Communism over .their homeland. Pfc. Lewis W. Griflgj, Heches, Tex., said: "My reason is very simple. No one can speak up for peace in a nation where the government is run by men like McCarthy, Mc- Carran and Smith." Sgt. Howard G. Adams, Coni- cana, Tex., siidr "Like the rest, 'I -am determined to fight for peace but I cannot fight for peace where there, is no1 freedom of speech. That is what exists in the United States today under the McCarthys." Sgt. Rufui E. Douglas of Texon, Tex., said: want to fight for world peace. too, but it is not possible in the United States. That was proven by what happened to Dickenson and probably what will happen to Batchelor. (who returned Jan. 1 from the pro-Red campl. We were assured that no charges would be placed against us if we returned but what about Dickenson? Now he is being court martialed and faces death or life imprisonment. Peace :in the U. S. today is put on trial because the men who fight for it are put on trial." Pfc. William C. White, Plummes- Cpl. William A. Cowart, Monte-1 men said they did not know, or cello, Ark.': "My desire is peace. If return to the United States and TV. to talk; for and achieve world wace I probably WQuld. end up in Galley.: FOrge or the'Gebrgia State Prison.'I shall return to the U.S. but only when world peace is attained and when here are no longer-', any .McCar- hys, McCarrans, or. Smiths." Cowart said he hopes to live emporarily in Peiping, capital of .China. A number of the other Grand Jury Hears Alice Boss Parr QUESTIONNAIRES GOING OUT What Are Abilene's Needs? CC Asks Citizens1 Answers "What do you think are Abilene's greatest needs? That's what the Abilene Cham- ber of Commerce will ask its mem- bers and citizens of Abilene next wsek through questionnaires mail- ed to members and printed in the Heporter-N'ews. They are being issued by the pol- icies projects committee of the CC to help map out program of work for the coming.-fiscal year. Chairman George Minter Jr. ex- plained. The committee met Tuesday morning In the directors room of the CC to discuss future policies which the organization will follow next year. Community-Wide Hitherto, the CC has used 'round table discussion to get the of members upon its func- tions. Tnii year, however, the planners decided to brinR in the whole cltl- lenjMp of Abilene. As one committee member, Hughes, put it. aren't con- fined to Clumber of Commerce members." The ask for three which baltoteri think would the growth of Abilene and its trade area. But people are asked to omit 10 projects from their list because the CC already has work going on them, Minter said. .These include an adequate water supply. Abilene Air Force Base, highway projects, conventions, transportation facilities, sewage disposal, fair aixl livestock shows, public school facilities, agricultural activities, and the National Gunrd Armorv. CC President Elbtrt Hall told committee members .that the chamber had la be forward-looking in planning its program of work. "A program ofVork is sched- ule of'today's activities in the light of tomorrow's needs." he defined. Mett Afliin Ftb, If The committee will meet again Feb. Id to review the suggestir-r.; .submitted and set the CC's pro- gram of work, Minter said. The new Idea of questionnaires which will give everyone in the community a voice in CC projects Instead of round tables, which they Juki tend to be poorly attended at best, drew enthusiastic comment from mtmberi. Walter Jarrett said that it will give a nucleus of discussion .which could not be obtained any other way. "It would be practically impos- sible to have a round table dis- cussion with the whole town." he said. "This gives everyone an op- portunity to say his piece, make his suggestions." Malcolm Meek thought it "a fine idea" to get the opinion of every- one in the community. 'It is the function of the Cham- ber of Commerce to carry out the will of the community." he said. "This will serve to get icieas .so that it can be carried out." It is a superior plan to the round table in that only a few people can speak their ideas at such a gather- ing, he thought.' Walter Johnson characterized II as "a very aggressive and sound program." but said that its success depended on the reaction of peo- ple to It. Joint Effort Sun "II Is designed to bring in opin- ion) of as many people (as pos- C-C, J-A, Col. 1 vile. Ark., laid: "I have been a prisoner tor .hree ysars. For the first time in my life 1 have known what it has meant to have complete equality or -men of all races and colors to work together- and. play together. When I see things like this I am reminded .of what happened to me in my own country where as chil- dren I and other Negro boys were whipped by white policemen be- cause we did not take our hats off :o them." THE WEATHER B1LEXE AND VICINITY: Clourty i.-ider Tuesday afternoon and night occasional dvtzxle, pcwsibly freezing late Tuesday, afternoon and After- noon temperatures In the low 30s today. LOT tonUht. 25. Wednesday. ;attly cloudy and a litlie irarmer to the afternoon. High Wednesday, NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Cloudy and fcrnir.p much coMer Ttith if.aUcrfd Uiun- dershowcrs tn itouth this, afternoon and ex- treme southeast lonlRtit, lotcest 20-30 to- nficht. WEST TEXAS: Partly cloudy, much cold- er tn Panhandle aiu) South Plains and colder this afternoon. Continued cold In Punhandlf and colder flsewhere to- tilKht with 10-18 In PachanAlr, lt-34 In South and 24-34 tlsewhew. SOUTH CCNTRAL TKXAS; Cloudj' with scatttrffi showers and thiindeishowers, mild this afternoon, tiirnlnc coWcr 1ft north portion tctnlfibt. Men. P.M. Tups. A.M. 73 ftl 74 .i.......... 15 W 71............ V30............ 87 6.30 m M H 31 00 U Maximum Kniperaiure 34 hours end; at a.m., Minimum last 1 want :o do anything it's up to them. I i didn't come over here on my own accord you know." Parr spent 40 minutes with the grand jury. He was followed into ihe jury room by Juan Barrera. Parr and Barrera are under. bond on a'charge of illegally carrying a Manuel Jlarroquin accused Parr and Barrera of packing, pistols near a Freedom Party political gathering Jan. 16.' The meeting was held 'in Jim Wells County, but near San Diegp. counts- seat of Duval, where the Freedom is centered. The grand jury has been ques- ;ioning witnesses and participants in the courthouse scuffle between Tenas Kangers Alfred Alice and Joe Bridge, on one side, and Parr and his nephew, Duval County Sheriff Arcner Parr, on the other. Captain Alice and Bridge ..were questioned last week.by the inves- tigating group. An argument be- tween Bridge, who first refused to remove his gun while being ques- tioned last week, and Archer, sher- iff of Buval- County, resulted .in last Monday's George Parr received a bloody ear in the encounter. He said a Department of Safety scratched him. Alice said he struck Parr on the car. Parr claimed Alice intended to kill him in the fight but was stop-: ped by screams of Mrs. Caro Brown, reporter for the Alice Echo. George Parr's trial on a charge of cirryint firearms has been set far Feb. 35. He and a companion. Juan Barrera. are charged with carrying pistols near a meeting Jan. 16-of the Freedom Party. Parr said he had no gun, that it was binoculars" the complainant, Freedom Party leader Manuel Marroquin, saw. The Freedom Party; opposed to Parr's political rule in South Tex- as, heard Donato Serna speak at a Sunday meeting in San Diego, Duval seat j.m. and one hour later had sunk to 42. Sitchler said the front, moving in from directly north of Abilene, was bringing in comparatively dry air aloft and that this, colliding with warm moist air that prevail- ed Monday night aad early Tues- day, could posibly result in pre- cipitation. Center Lies Northeast He explained that the cold front probably would not become as se- vere as the one locked Abi- lene in ice last week "because the center of the coldest air is north- east of us instead of northwest as it was the last time." The. high temperature reading in Abilene Monday was 76 and the low reading before dawn; Tuesday was a mild 59. By the time day- light had pushed the mercury up 4 degrees the front arrived and the temperature started to nose- dive. The new cold front whipped thtqugh "Wichita Falls before dawn. The "weather bureau said it was to push past San Antonio bv night- Lignt showers, drizzle and local thunderstorms were ahead of the Amarillo norther. v The Globe-Times said tempera- tures dropped 12 degrees .Monday 40 to 28 at midnight. "Nothing blusteryj.or said the Amarillo newspaper.-as most of Texas braced: for. .more frigid weather. The weather bureau said- the norther may slow up after it hits San Antonio. Freezing temperatures were ex- pecied in Nortli Central Texas by late Tuesday afternoon and to tumble to the mid-20s early Wednesday. TO in Panhandle A low of 10 to IS was predicted Tuesday night in the Panhandle, 16-24 in the South Plains and 24-34 elsewhere in-West Texas. A low of 20-30 -was predicted for North Central Texas, and South Texas was expected to have a low in the 30s. Rain or. drizzle fell Tuesday "We will be slaves of George ahead of the norther; at College Parr as long as we he said, "if we don't fight for- Democracy." Capt. Allee and four other Rang- ers hovered around the meeting. Allee said the Rangers had been "invited" to attend. I Station, San AntoniOi Worth ancl drizzle coated Tulsa, and Oklahoma City. Dust still at'Childress with temperatures in the- middle 20s. Beeson Gets Labor Post on Party Vote WASHINGTON WH-The Senate Labor Committee today approved Albert C. Beeson _ by a 7 to 6 party line vote as a member .of the National Labor Relations Board. The vote.came soon after John L. Lewis denounced the Eisenhow- er appointee union-busier." And. immediately after the vote. Republicans and Democrats hurled charges at each other from the committee bench. Sen. Lehman (D-XY) accused Republicans of steam roller "an the attempt to nomination through the committee without hearings sufficient tc disclose all HAVE YOU PAID YOUR POLL TAX? Polls PaM Monday Polls Paid to Date Polk Paid Last Year 480 5.671 Polls Paid ill 195Z ueanngs su the facts." Three Republican members ac- cused the Democrats of tactics" and "steam-roller in re-' verse." The vote came after a stormy session during which Sen. H. Alex- ander Smith committee chairman, read into the record a telegram from Lewis, president of the. United Mine Workers. Lewis said formerly a San Jose, Calif., businessman, "possesses an astonishing againt union labor, Smith called the message "a wonderful display of rhetoric." Lewis had said: "Ti is inconceivable that any senator who .takes the time to read the record would in good conscience unleash, with the power of government behind him, a raging' protagonist of the ex- ploiters of labor-In the nation." Meanwhile, the committee Dmyt deadline S uled'a fourth meet Ing on the nonv I [nation of Beeson. a San Jose. Calif., businessman who would bring'the five-man board to.full strength. If approved "by' the committee and then by the Senate, -Beeson would be the third Eisenhower ap- pointee to take a seat on the NLRB giving the administration a clear majority. Beeson has told the committee he would approach his duties without bias. Democrats have indicated they j fear that Beeson might reflect the management point of view in board I decisions. Red Request: Reopen Talks On Our Terms PANMUNJOM nists sent a sealed letter to U.S. envoy Arthur- Dean today pro- posing that the. stalled preliminary Korean peace "talks resume Mon- days-en Red terms, Peiping radio said tonight. The letter was delivered a meeting of liaison Panmunjom. The Reds then re- cessed indefinitely efforts of liaison officers to get the talks started again. The Communists indicated they would await the outcome of the high-level letter to Dean, who is in Washington. The Peiping broadcast heard in Tokyo quoted the letter as saying the two top Red delegates to con- ferences plan, the Korean peace talks thoiight'tSe'question of snmlng the'conference "should be put to you directly for settlement-" that talSs broken offbyisDean last December resume'Monday at Panmunjom. Peipiug--quoted- the Icltci'- adding: "If your side still has any sin- cerity of resuming the discussions, there is no justification whatso- ever for your side to reject'this proposal: of .our' side." The Reds said they would be willing to consider an Allied pro- posal for another date to .resume the negotiations. But there was no indication -that the Communists were- ready to withdraw their charges of perfidy which prompted Dean to break off; the talks. A. Ujy, spokesman said the Al- lies would sot divulge contents of the. letter until-it-was delivered to Dean. In Washington, Dean not immediately available for comi merit. A State Department official said Dean's Young, or liaison officer Edwin Martin were authorized to act for Dean. "Talks Ended Dec. 12 The-U. S. envoy broke off the .talks Dec. 12 after the Commu- nists had accused the United States of conniving with South Korea in the release of 27.000 anti-Hed Kd- xean: War: prisoners last June. Dean said at the time he never would return to Panmunjom un- less the Reds retracted their charge In recent liaison meetings Allied Secretary Edward Martin has tried unsuc- cessfully to have.the Communists strike the Charge from the rec- ord. Meanwhile, the U. N. Command again accused tie Communists of holding back some prisoners and reiterated its demand for an in- vestigation. IF YOU, PREFER.... you ccn pay your carrier by the week, if if is more convenient. Morning, and Sunday is a Sunday, or Evening ;dhaV''Sunday is 35c a week, delivered by carrier boy io Abifone, POLL TAX RECEIPT TO TAKE YOU DANCING AT VFW HALL Your poll tax receipt will take you dancing Saturday, night at the VFW Three Acres Memorial Hall. Or, if you forgot to pay your tax before the tax office closes Saturday, it will give you one last chance to vote in this year's election. County Assessor-Collector Raymond Petree will on hand to sell poll-taxes to those last, last-minute purch- asers whb come to the dance, Joe Black, VFW commander said. The Poll Tax Dance is one of the com- munity service projects, he said. It will be informal, and only admission necessary will be your poll tax receipt, Steve Peek and his orchestra will play for the dance, Black said. "It's not hillbilly, I'll guarantee The dance will last from 8 to 12 p.m.
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