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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 23, 1954, Abilene, Texas FAIR AND WARMER EVENING "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YO'JR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byron FINAL VOL. LXXIH, No. 221 Prat (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 23, 1954 PAGES PRICE DAILY 5e, SUNDAY Iff ACTIONS HURT OTHER PWS Army Arrests Returned PW For Cavorting With Reds _ WASHINGTON Lft-Cpl. Edward S. Dickenson, a Virginia farm boy who changed his mind about stay- ing with the Communists in Korea, faces Army charges that he dealt illegally with his Red captors to better treatment. If tried and convicted of one of the charges. he could be sentenced to death. The Army notified Dickenson of the charges last night, then placed if him under arrest at its Walter Beed Hospital here. He has been undergoing a physical examina- tion. The 23-year-old soldier stands accused of unlawfully holding "in- tercourse with the enemy" to get treatment." The formal charges say his activities hurt other crisoners of war held by the Beds." of these on accusa- tions by former fellow prisoners- is only a preliminary action. It does not even necessarily mean he will be brought to trial. An official announcement by the Military District of Washington said no decision will. ;be. made on whether to try Dickenson until after an Investigation of the charges and evidence has been finished and its results "fully re- viewed for legal sufficiency." The Army said this preliminary will be held "at the earliest date possible." Was One of 23 Dickenson, whose home is in the remote mountain town of Cracker's Neck in southwestern Virginia, was one of 23 American soldiers who refused to return to United Officials explained that the filing I Nations lines when the Korean Dickenson's Parents Bitter, Stunned.. Saddened by News CRACKER'S NECK. Va. Van Buren Dickensons. parents of Cpl. Ed Dickenson. were stunned, saddened and bitter about the news that their son faces possible coart-niartial. The Dickensons were reached last night at their home, high on a hillside six miles from Big Stone Gap, by Bristol Herald'-Courier re- porter JV S. Riley. Mrs. Dickenson, in her 40's al- most burst into tears. She said she could not under- stand why such an effort was made to persuade Diekenson other reluctant POW's in Kore'a to come Rumors of Churchill Retirement Flying IMM1NGHAM, England Conservative member of Parlia- ment says the current talk in the House of Commons is that Prime Minister Churchill will retire next May after Queen Elizabeth II re- turns from her royal tour. Cyril Osborne told a political meeting here last: aight :that Churchill's retirement date "has been much discussed in Westmin- ster (parliamentary circles) this week. Nobody knows, but many think it will be when the Queen comes home." There has been no indication from Churchill, 79, that he is ready to announce when he will retire. He participated in the Big Three conference last month in Bermuda, where ground was laid for the Big Four foreign ministers' meeting in Berlin to open on Monday. Osborne added that it was feared that two of Churchill's top lieu- tenants will' retire at the same time. They are Lord Woolton, 70, chairman of the Conservative party, and Sir Walter Monckton, 64, minister of labor. But a Ministry of Labor spokes- man said Monckton has no thought of retiring while the government requires his services. Woolton re-, fused to comment. home "if they were going to court- martial him." "I- don't understand what he could have done to any of them she said, referring to the charge that her 23-year-old son tried to win the Reds' favor at the expense of his fellow prisoners. "The little fellow is she added. "He's been spitting up blood. If they are going to punish him. why didn't they do it over there (in This worn- will kill us- all." The young soldier's 78-year-old father said: "If they let me take his punishment, they can call me and I'll be glad to do it for him He's no more Communist than I am." Told his son could face a pos- sible death sentence, the' deaf, aged man added: "I don't care" if I die. I've been here a long time." The elder Dickenson.indieateChe, thought his sou's'4 prisonment by the Communists should have been punishment enough. "Anyone that -will take a little boy from the mountains and pun- ish him for three years it is too much for he said. Icy roads made it impossible to reach Cpl. Dickenson's bride of less than two months fir her reac- tion to the court-martial charges. At a home farther up the moun- tainside she was spending the night with her husband's half- brother. Grover' Dickenson, and his wife. Only last Thursday the young woman accompanied her husband to Bristol, Va., where the corporal caught a bus to Washington for treatment at Walter Reed Hospi- tal. She hasn't seen him since. Grocers Discourage Coffee Drinking LUBBOCK (aV-Grocery stores here carried ads yesterday urging the public to drink less coffee. Try tea or instant coffee, they asked. in an attempt to force down the price on regular coffee. truce was signed last summer. He later asked neutral Indian guards to take him back. The young Virginian told re- porters at the'time that the Chi- nese Reds "kept me back" with threats. A second Claude J. the Com- munists on New Year's Day. He is in the Tokyo General Hospital. The Far East Command said last night that it has no knowledge of any similar action that may be laken against Batchelor. The sol- dier's O. L. Batch- in Kermit. Tex., thai she hopes her son will come home "and face whatever he has to face." Fate of 21 In Doubt The fate of the 21 Americans who still refuse to come back to the U. S. forces remains in doubt. They are on a sit-down strike with 326 other pro-Reds in their camp. The Indians unlocked camp gates last for the re- lease of all prisoners. The UN Command virtually told the Communists today to take back the 21 Americans, 325 South Koreans and 1 the Reds would not do so. Secretary of Defense Wilson said yesterday the 21 Americans are "free to do what they but that they had better act quickly, if they have any ideas of coming home. The Army is known to have pre- pared "undesirable" discharges for the 21, but Pentagon.officials said the Red refusal to take them back from their Indian guards had in effect, given them a brief period of grace. Reporters tried to get Dickenson See DICKENSON, Page 8-A, Col. 4 Bafchelor and Wife Celebrate; Unaware OlDickemon'sFate TOKYO H) Cpl. Claude J. Batchelor, who changed his mind Jhe Commu- with his Japan- ese" wife" tonight, apparently una- ware that court-martial charges had been filed against another barky POW" who came home. The Far East Command said it had no knowledge whether Batche- lor faces charges similar, to those filed in Washington, yesterday against Cpl. Edward S. Dickenson of Crackers Neck. Va. Both were among 23 Americans who last summer refused to re- turn home from Communist pris- on camps. They were the only two who changed their minds. A Far East Command spokes- man said any decision to court- martial Batchelor probably would be made in Washington. Dickenson is accused of dealing illegally with the Communists to get better treatment. He could be sentenced to death if convicted on one charge. "Batchelor still is under treat- ment here for dysentery and is still under interrogation." "If any charges are preferred, I assume the decision would be made by :he Department of the Army. We have heard nothing about it here." The Kermit, Tex., corporal was aWay from the hospital on a pass tonight. Molotov Seeks Entry Of China to Session Temperatures Rising Today By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Temperatures started rising to- ward a general thaw in Texas Sat- urday after a three-day norther had sent thermometers to record low marks for the winter. A bright sun beamed through high level clouds over most of the state and dispersed fog that shrouded Tyler and Longview in East Texas, Lufkin in the piney woods and the Galveston-Houston- Beaumont area. Skies were clear to partly cloudy in the Panhandle and around El Paso. Winds were light southerly over all the state except in the Pan- handle where their velocity ranged from 21 at Amarflio to 27 miles per hour at Lubbock. Freezing temperatures Friday night and early Saturday'morning were general with 24 degrees at Dallas, Port Worth, Tyler, Waco and Childress, the lowest level at a.m. Marfa, in the. Davis Mountains, was the "warmest spot with 44 degrees. Freezing temperatures Friday night and early Saturday morning were general. The low was 22 at Dalhart and high minimum was 42 in Marfa and Presidio. Lows of 24 degrees were recorded in Dallas, Fort Worth, Tyler, Waco, Childress and Wichita Falls. An inch of ice remained on the ground at many points, notably Dallas and Fort Worth, after the mid-week sleet storm. Streets and highways in the area were -still dangerously slick before dawn. The only rain reported Friday was .01 .of an inch at Galveston on the Gulf... None, came-Friday night or. Saturday morning and little, if'any, was expected within 24 hours. Thaw Slows Auto-Denting Thawing of icy streets diminish- ed the number of car accidents and fender-denting in Abilene Sat- urday morning. No one was reported injured in the last 24 hours as a result of accelerated and increased move- ment of traffic, police said. Be- tween Thursday mor-jng and Fri- day evening about 2a slight acci- dents occurred. The number had not materially increased during night and Saturday morn- ing. Police at a. m. Saturday in- quired into a collision at 12th and Pine St. in which some damage was done to a 1S46 Ford coupe owned by Lovic Arrond Brooks, 902 Graham St. The other car in- volved was owned bv Leonsrd Charles Branch. 3301 South Tenth, a 1952 Chevrolet sedan. Saturday morning forgetful mo- torists who parked near curbs downtown found "getting out" a little difficult. Most busines hous- es had removed the ice coating in front of their places. Some open street sewers running surplus wa- ier from Friday's thaw clogged after Friday night freeze, causing treacherous spots at street in- .ersections on the south side Sat- urday. Sunshine and a gentle breeze were fast removing left-over ice from Friday. RUSSIAN LIFE American students Richard E. Ward, top left, Chicago University, and Gregory Shuker, top right, Northwestern University, mingle costumed Russian youths at party in the Kremlin New Year's Day. Seven American college newspaper editors who have iust returned home after touring Russia, said Soviet people are outwardly friend- ly to American visitors although anti-American propaganda is plastered everywhere. A Georgia girl, bottom left, stands to recite during language class m school al Tiflis, USSR. Photo was made by Richard Ward, Chicago University. (NBA Telephoto) don't know what it is, I'm only Paul Harbig tells his two-year-old brother Gary at his Dallas home This is Gary's first experience with sleet and snow and first Paul has been old enough to enjoy. Sleet-still cov- ered most of North Texas Friday after two inches fell Wednesday night and Thursday. (NEA Telephoto) Minister Assures End to Cold War BERLIN Foreign Minister Vyacheslay M. Molotov arrived here today for a Big Four meeting and im- mediately prodded the powers to admit Red China to the conference table if they want to speed up the end of the cold war. Under security protection of thousands of troops and secret police, the Kremlin's No. 1 diplomat came to East Berlin by plane from Moscow and declared: "The sooner the Chinese People's Republic takes part in negotiations over current international questions of the great states, the better it will better for the strength- ening of peace between peoples." Only a handful of Communist officials of East Germany and other Soviet bloc tries heard Molotov's state- ment read at Schoenefeld air field, but it was broadcast 2Vfe hours later. He arrived as.his opposite numbers from the Western'Big Three conferred on strategy for er conference opening Mon- day. The West has ;been cold to the idea of haying Red China sit in on the present meetings. Molotov, traveling in a convoy of seven limousines, roared down Unter Den Linden and into: the Russian embassy gates in Com- munist controlled East Berlin, shortly after noon; A snow flurry greeted the Russians as they sped past an honor guard of East Ger- man Red standing at both sides of the wide avenue. As Molotov put in his appearance for the talks on German unity and an Austrian independence treaty, THE WEATHER B.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER. SCREAK ABILEXS ASD VICINITY Clear to ,iartly cloudy Saturday warming Saturday, Saturday night and Sunday. Minimum temperature Saturday nlRht 55. and maximum temperature Sun- day In Msh 50's. NOKTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Partly cloudy to cloudy and warmer this alter- r.oon arid tonight. Sunday mostly cloudy ling colder northwest portion In after- noon. WEST TEXAS: cloudy and a little warmer this afternoon and tonight, Sun- day mostly cloudy, colder.Panhandle and South Plains. EAST ASD SOUTH TEXAS: Mostly cloudy and warmer tills tonlKht and Sunday. Moderate easterly vlnds on coast this afternoon and tonight, becoming fresh southeast and south San- daj. TEM1-K1UTCKES Frl. P. M. A. M. 30 31 3J............ 31 33 3t 33 33 35 34 32 33 a 34 30 35 33 St 37 Maximum temperature for 24 hours cnd- IK 33. Minimum temperature tor 34 hours end- Ing At a.m.; S6. gurnet last nljht P.M.; Sunrise to- day. A.M.: Sumct P.M. narometrr rradlnc at P.M.: M.M. Kilativi humidity M P.M.: 21 PWs Caught Between Red Refusal, Tough UN PANMUNJOM UHTwenty one Americans and 326 other pro-Red prisoners in Korea's neutral zone were caught today between a new Communist refusal to accept-them and a tougher Allied attitude. Two Communist generals reject- ed for the second time an Indian proposal that the Reds accept "under protest" the 21 Americans, 1 Briton and 325 South Koreans who renounced their homelands for communism. Indian guards abandoned the captives last, midnight after'the Reds wouldn't take them. The number' of pro-Red South Korean prisoners was reduced .to 325 when two asked to be sent to Poland or Czechoslovakia; rather than to North Korea, aa. Indian spokesman said. They; were put in a special compound holding about 100 prisoners who have asked to go to neutral nations. The TJ. N. Command virtually told the.' Communist Command to take them back. "We welcome sny. statement that you will make as to your plans for removing'them as rapidly, as pos- sible from their present camp to any area north of the present de- militarized Maj. Gen. J.K. Lacey told the Reds at a session 'of the Military Armistice Commis- sion. Growing Allied impatience with the pro-Red's was re-echoed also in Washington, where TT.S. De- Compromise Between Ike, Bricker Talked WASHINGTON Know- land (R-Calif) predicted today President Eisenhower will delay any appeal to the people on the hotly fought issue of limiting treaty-making pWers, pending last minute efforts to reach a compro- mise with Sen. Bricker Bricker is author of a proposed constitutional amendment which the President opposes on the ground it would seriously limit the conduct of "foreign policy and un- duly restrict traditional executive prerogatives in that field. The Ohioan. after sending all senators a letter challenging the President's interpretation of his proposal, told the Senate yesterday- he hopes Eisenhower is not going to make the controversy "a person- al fight." The Senate is scheduled to take up the proposal early next week, but the debate in effect already bhas begun. However, Kiiswland said in an interview efforts to hammer out compromise both the adminis- tration and Bricker would fruitless so continue during the weekend. Hit Open Mind Knowland replying on the Senate floor to Bricker, said the President still has "an open mind." "He has taken no arbitrary Knowland replied. "I hope that is said Bricker. 'It is Knowland shot back. The Bricker amendment's treaties from depriving U. S. avowed purpose is to prevent citizens of rights guaranteed by the Constitution and to give Con- Bress more 'control over the less formal agreements into which a president might enter. Constitu- tional lawyers disagree widely on Its. necessity and probable effect.. Controversial Provision Perhaps the most controversial clause vfould write into the Consti- tution provision that "A treaty shall become effective as internal law .only through'legislation which would be valid in the ab- sence of a treaty." Because under .the U. ..S. federal system some whole areas of legis- lation are reserved to states, oppo- nents argue this clause would in some cases make treaties' effect- iveness depend on action by all 4S state Legislatures. Eisenhower has said this aspect might make it almost impossible for him to deal with foreign countries if the amendment were adopted. Bricker told the Senate yester- day that opponents of his proposal had engaged in "direct misrepre- sentation" of the effect of the amendment. The Ohio senator that his resolution "would not require arc.' treaty en sny subject to be ratified by any state at any time" and "would not give any state a veto power over the conduct of the nation's foreign Accuses Ike Bricker said that Eisenhower had given "wide circulation" to erroneous charges that the Bricker amendment would "turn back the clock to the old Articles of Con- federation." the loose compact between the states that preceded the Constitution. Eisenhower had said in a news conference he would r.et object to a statement that a treaty contra- vening the Constitution is void, but would not agree to reverting to the general system of the Articles of Confederation. HAVE YOU PAID YOUR POLL TAX? Palls Paid Friday'. 290 Polls Paid to Date Polls .Paid Last Year Polls Paid in Days before deadline.......... 8 fense said the 21 Americans: "must make up their minds quickly" if, they want to come home. "Their pay is going to be: cut off very he said-. Get Few More Hours Pentagon-officials said- that only the Reds' refusal to take back the 21 had given them a few hours or days of graee before "undesirable" discharges become effective, Cpl. Edward S. Dickenson, 23- year-old Cracker's Jfeck, Va_, sol- dier who originally stayed with the Eeds but later changed mind was arrested in "Washington and accused of "intercourse with the enemy" to get "favorable treat- ment." The court-martial charges were ffled Friday. The Far East Command said in Tokyo it has no knowledge of whether similar action would be taken against CpL Claude J. Batch- elor, a second American who re- nounced the Communists and is now in Tokvo. Indian Lt Geri. K. S. Thimayya PWs, page 8-A, Col. E the three Western foreign mini- sters conferred for.several hour! in the French sector. It will be the first session of the Big Four foragu ministers since they failed to agree on Austrian independence at a session ui New York In October, 1949. B r i t is b Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden was the first 4u arrive for the strategy talks at the French high commissioner's rest dence deep in the Tegel Forest area of northern. Berlin, where French Foreign Minister Georges Bldault was host. Eight minutes later U S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles drove up. Have 2 Broad Plant Diplomatic sources said the Western ministers have devised two broad plans for getting some positive results out of the Big Four talks. One plan would retain the key Western stipulation that iree all-German elections must precede a formation of any unified govern- ment The Russians have opposed this insisting that government should be unified, .be- fore elections The second Allied plan of British, origin, envisages practicable way of ike for East' and West Germany if the miry talks fan. _ The strategy meeting was the bud -which apparently, annoyed the Soviets in toe One of their favorite accusations has been that the Western powers gang up to arevent any real four-power ex- change. .Brings Large Staff Mblotov apparently brought a arge staff and is expected to stay at the Russian embassy, which is iust 200 yards inside tie Eastern sector of quartered Berlin. The second week's sessions of the con- 'ereace will be held in this building. The foreign ministers will meet the first week in the former Allied Control Authority .t'i. ding In_the American sector. The Soviet sector, put on the big- gest display of security measures seen here since the visit of Andrei Vishinsfcy, thep foreign minister, five years ago. Troops Along Route East German troops, in their olive drab Russian style uniforms, were deployed along the entire ireer-mile stretch from the Soviet Embassy ..to. the giant Stalin Allee lousing project- Unarmed sentries we.re posted every 300 feet on both sides: of the avenue from which vehicles were barred. The British feel that a break- down in the Big Four talks would See MOLOTOV, Page <-A, Col. 9 Telethon Tonight Will Aid March of Dimes; Fund Lags Abilene's first spec- ial television program to aid the March of at S p. m. Saturday over KRBC-TV. It's .hoped that S6.000 will be raised to add to Taylor County's lagging polio funds. Only S10.000 toward the goal of contributed by Friday night. How long wul the TV program last? CAB COLLECTOR REAL MCCOY Be careful. See that the col- lector -is a -cab driver and so make sure the money you site Saturday night to the telethon gets, in the right hands. When KRBC sponsored March of Dimes program dur- ing Sunday afternoon, some un- authorized persons went to do- nors' addresses and pic-ied ap the money: Around meant for needy polio patients never reached the radio station. To- tal contributions were over The thieves listened to the broadcast and when an address was called, they beat the auth- orized collectors to the money. So that this sort of thing won't happen Saturday, KRBC- TV is advising all donors to check that their collector is driving Uxtcub and Has on a can uniform. "Length of the telethon depends on how iong the people keep tne phones busy m calling in their con- 'stated John Renshaw, program director of the television station. All donors. have to do is pick up their phones, dial <-7291, their names; addresses, and the a.mount. to. donate. Taxicabs wul be sent to thote addresses to pick up the money. Performers from Abilene! aad nearby towns, Hardin-Simmons University, McSIurry and Abilene Christian College will ap- pear on the telecast. ,'AJt.l.O.P- m radio station KBBC will join the program. Other March of Dimes programs for the coming week Tuesday night, "basketball game between Abilene High School and San Angelo in the AHS gymnasi- um. By Friday night, had bten pledged by organizations for tich point the Eagles score. Also Tuesday, the Carpenters and Joiners' union annual dance, beginning p.m'. in'the Car- penter's building South Second and Sycaniore Friday, Coffee Bay (with <0 Abilene cafes participating by fir- ing all coffee money to the March of and the Mother's from 8 p. m. to t p. m. Saturday, a road Mo- torists be Hopped and to give to Uie fund. Originally pho- ned for this Saturday, the Uwlutta, was postponed becauM Icy
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