Abilene Reporter News, January 23, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

January 23, 1954

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Issue date: Saturday, January 23, 1954

Pages available: 26

Previous edition: Friday, January 22, 1954

Next edition: Sunday, January 24, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Years available: 1917 - 1977

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 23, 1954, Abilene, Texas FAIR AND warmer Abilene 3^eporter-JBtetoif "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIEhJDS OR FOES WE SKEFCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" — Byron EVENING FINAL VOL. LXXIU, No. 221 A$sociated Pre»$ (APp ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 23, 1954 —EIGHT PAGES PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10« ACTIONS HURT OTHER PWS Army Arrests Returned PW For Cavorting With Reds WASHINGTON t^P!—€pl. Edward S. Dickenson, a Vir.glnia farm hoy who changed his mind about staying willi the Communists in Korea, faces Army charges that he dealt illegally with his Red captors to get better treatment. If tried and convicted of one of the charges, he could be sentenced to death. The Army notified Dickenson of the charges last night, then placed him under arrest at its Walter Reed Hospital here. He has been Undergoing a physical examination. The 23-year-old soldier stands accused of unlawfully holding “intercourse with the enemy” to get “favorable treatment.” The formal charges say his activities hurt other nrisoners of war held bv the Red.s. Officials explained that the filing of the.se charges—based on accusations by former fellow prisoners— is onlv a preliminary action. It does not even necessarily mean he will be brought to trial. .An official announcement by the Military District of Washington said no decision will be made on whether to try Dickenson until after an investigation of the charges and evidence has been finished and its results “fully i*e-viewed for legal sufficiency.” The Annv said this preliminary will be held “at the earliest date possible." Was One of 23 Dickenson, whose home is in the remote mountain town of Cracker’s Neck in southwestern Virginia, Mas one of 23 American soldiers who refused to return to United Nations lines when tlie Korean / Dickenson's Parents Bitter, Stunned, Saddened by News CH.VCKER S NECK. Va. i?)—The Van Buren Dickensons, parents of Cpl. Ed Dickenson, Mere stunned, saddened and bitter about the ncM's that their son laces possible court-martial. The Dicken.sons were reached last night at their home, high on a hillside six mile.s from Big Stone Gap. by Bristol Henld-Cuurier reporter J. S. Riley. Mrs. Dickenson, in her 40’s almost burst into tears. She said she could not understand Mhy such an effort Mas made to per.suade Dickenson and other reluctant POW’s in Korea to come Rumors of Churchill Retirement Flying IM.MI.NGHA.M, England U A Conservative member of Parliament says the current talk in the House of Commons is that Prime Minister Churchill Mill retire next May after Quihmi Elizabeth II returns from her royal tour. Cyril Oslxirne told a ptditical meeting here last night that ChurchiU's retirement date “has been much discussed in Westminster <parliamentary circles' this week. Nobody knoMs, but many think It Mill be when the Queen comes home." There has been no indieation from Churchill, 7a, that he is ready to announce Mhen he Mill retire. He participated in the Big Three cortference last month in Bermuda. Mhere ground uas laid for the Big Four foreign minisler.s’ meeting in Berlin to open on Monday. Dslxuno added that it Mas feared that two of ChurchiU's top iieu-tenants mUI retire at the same time. They are ixwd Woolton, TO, chairman of tlie Conservative parly, and Sir Waller Monckton, 64. minister of labor But a Ministry of Labor s^Mikes-man said .Monckton ha.s no Thought of retiring while the government requires his sinviee-., Woolton refused to comment home “if they were going to court-martial him.” “I don’t understand Mhat he could have done to any of them boys,” she said, referring to the charge that her 23-year-old son tried to win the Reds’ favor at the expen.se of his fellow prisoners. “The little felloM- is sick,” she added, “He's been spitting up blood. If they are going to punish him. why didn’t they do it over there rin Korea)? This worry will kill us all,” The young soldier’s 78-year-old father said; “If they wi^ let me take his punishment, they can call me and I’ll be glad to do it for him . . He's no more Communist than I am.” Told hi.s son could face a possible death sentence, the deaf, aged man added: “1 don't care if I die. I’ve been here a long time." The elder Dickenson indicated he thought his sou’s three-year imprisonment by the Communists should have been punishment enough. ‘■.Anyone that will take a little hoy from the mountains and pun-i' h him for three years ... it is too much for anyone.” he said, ley roads made it impossible to reach Cpl. Dickenson’s bride of less than two months fbr her reaction to the court-martial charges. At a home farther up the mountainside slie Mas spending the night M'ith her husband's half-hroiher, Grover Dicken.son, and his M'ife. Only last Thursday the young Moman accompanietl her husband to Bristol, Va.. Mhere the corporal caught a bus to Washinghtri for treatment at Waiter Reed Hospital. She hasn't seen him .since. Grocers Discourage Coffee Drinking ; LUBBOCK .? Grocery stores here carried ads yesterday urging the public to drink less coffee. Try tea or instant coffee, they ; asked, in an attempt to force doMn the price on regular coffee. truce was signed last summer. He later asked neutral Indian guards to take him back. The young Virginian told reporters at the time that the Chinese Reds “kept me back” M'ith threats. A second American—Cpl. Claude J. Batchelor—renounced the Communists on New Year’s Day. He is in the Tokyo General Hospital. The Far East Command said last night that it has no knouledge of any similar action that may he taken against Batchelor. The soldier’s mother—Mrs. O. L. Batchelor—said in Kermit, Tex., that she hopes her son M’ill come home “and face M’hatever he has to face.” Fate of 21 In Doubt The fate of the 21 Americans Mho still refuse to come back to the U. .S. forces remains in doubt. They are on a sit-dOMn strike uith 326 other pro-Reds in their camp. The Indians unlocked camp gates last night—deadline for the release of all prisoners. The UN Command virtually told the Communists today to take back the 21 .Americans, 325 South Koreans and 1 Briton—but the Reds Mould not do so. Secretary of Defense Wilson said yesterday the 21 .Americans are “free to do uhat they M’ant.” but that they had better act quickly, if they have any ideas of coming home. The Army is kiiOMn to have prepared “undesirable” discharges for the 21, but Pentagon officials said the Red refusal to take them hack from their Indian guards had in effect, given them a brief period of grace. Reporters tried to get Dickenson See DICKENSON, Page 8-A, Col. 4 Batchelor and Wife Celebrate; Unaware Of Dickenson's Fate TOKYO .4’' — Cpl. Claude J. Batchelor. Mho changed his mind about staying with the Communists, celebrated Mith his Japan-e.se wife tonight, apparently una-M'are that court-martial charges had been filed against another baHiv POW who came home. The Far East Command said it had no knoMledge Mhether Batchelor faces charges similar to those filed in Washington yesterday against Cpl. Eduard S. Dickenson of Crackers Neck. Va. Both Mere among 23 Americans Mho last summer refused to return home from Communist prison camps. They Mere the only tMo M’ho changed their minds. A Far East Command spokesman said any decision to court-martial Batchelor probably Mould be made in Washington. Dickenson is accused of dealing illegally Mith the Communists to get bettei' treatment. He could be sentenced to death if convicted on one charge. "Batchelor still is under treatment here for dysentery and is still under interrogation." "If any charges are preferred. I assume the decision Mould be made by the Department of the Army. We have heard nothing about it here.” The Kermit, Tex., corporal Mas away from the hospital on a pass tonight. Molotov Seeks Entry Of China to Session Temperatures Rising Today By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Temperatures started rising toward a general thaw in Texas Saturday after a three-day norther had sent thermometers to record low marks for the M’inter. A bright sun beamed through high level clouds over most of the state and dispersed fog that shrouded Tyler and Longview in East Texas, Lufkin in the piney M’oods and the Galveston-Houston-Beaumont area. Skies M'ere clear to partly cloudy in the Panhandle and around El Paso. Winds were light southerly over aU the state except in the Panhandle Mhere their velocity ranged from 21 at Amaritlo to 27 miles per hour at Lubbock. Freezing temperatures Friday night and early Saturday morning Mere general Mith 24 degrees at Dallas, Fort Worth, Tyler, Waco and Childress, the loM-est level at 4:30 a.m. Maria, in the Davis Mountains, Mas the warmest spot with 44 degrees. Freezing temperatures Friday night and early Saturday morning Mere general. The low was 22 at Dalhart and high minimum Mas 42 in Marfa and Presidio. Loms of 24 degrees Mere recorded in Dallas, Fort Worth, Tyler, Waco, Childress and Wichita Falls. An inch of ice remained on the ground at many points, notably Dallas and Fort Worth, after the mid-week sleet storm. Streets and highways in the area M'ere still dangerously slick before daM'n. The only rain reported Friday Mas .01 of an inch at Galveston on the Gulf. None came Friday ! night or Saturday morning and little, if any. Mas expected within 24 hours. CONFUSED—“I don’t know what it is, I’m only five,” Paul llarbig tells his two-year-old brother Gary at his Dallas home. This is Gary’s first experience with'sleet and snow and first Paul has been old enough to enjoy. Sleet still covered most of North Texas Friday after two inches fell Wednesday night and Thursday. (NEA Telephoto) Minister Assures End to Cold War BERLIN (AP)—Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M. ' Molotov arrived here today for a Big Four meeting and im-I mediately prodded the Western powers to admit Red China I to the conference table if they want to speed up the end of ; the cold war. Under security protection of thousands of troops and : secret police, the Kremlin’s No. 1 diplomat came to East ; Berlin by plane from Moscow and declared, i “The sooner the Chinese People’s Republic takes part in negotiations over current international questions of the j great states, the better it Will be—the better for the strength-I ening of peace between peoples.” ; Only a handful of Communist officials of East Germany and other Soviet bloc coun-:--------------------------------- tries heard Molotov’s state- the three Western foreign mini- ment read at Schoenefeld airisters conferred for several houn field, but it was broadcast    sector it will be oo v.io!the first session oi the Big Four . hours later. He arrived as his; foj-eig^ ministers since they failed I opposite numbers from the to agree on Austrian independence Western Big Three conferred I at a session    in New    York    in on strategy for the four-pow-^ t)ctober. 1949. er conference opening Nlon- ‘    ®J ^ ^ Foreign Secretary day. The \Ve.st has been .    , PI • ... r» J arrive for the strategy talks at the to the idea of having Red French high commissioner’s resi-China sit in on the present dence deep in the Tegel Forest meetings.    ^rea of northern Berlin, where Alolotov traveline in a convov • French Foreign Minister Georget Of    roared down 1 “ was host. Eight Unter Den Linden and into the . Russian embassy gates in Com-1 ^®®*er Dulles    drove up. munist controlled East Berlin. ;    Have 2 Broad Plans shortly after noon. A snow flurry! Diplomatic    sources    said    the greeted the Russians as they sped • 'Western ministers have devised ! past an honor guard of East Ger- , tMo broad plans for getting some man Red police, standing at both I positive results out of the Big Four sides of the wide avenue.    j talks. One plan would retain the A^ Molotov put in his appearance ! key Western stipulation that free for the talks on German unity and ! all-German elections must precede an Austrian independence treaty, ; a formation of any unified govern- 21 PWs Caught Between Thaw Slows Red Refusal, Tough UN Auto-Denting ment. The Russians have opposed this view, insisting that Germany’s government should be unified before elections. The second Allied plan, of British origin, envisages a ; practicable way of life for East ! and West Germany if the unity talks fail. The strategy meeting Mas the kind M'hich apparently annoyed the .Soviets in the past. One of their favorite accusations has been that the Western poMers gang up to prevent any real four-poM’er ex- Indian fense Secretary Wilson said the 21 i change. Brings Large Staff Molotov apparently brought a IAN LIFE — American studtmts Richard E. Ward, top left, Chicago I niver.say, and ry Shuker. top right, Northwestern University, mingle with costumed Russian youths irty in the Kremlin Nhnv Year’s Day. Seven American college newspaper editors who RUSSIAN LIFE Gregory at a party ....... ...........    .....    .......    -.....................  i-    i.................. have Just returned home after touring Russia, said Soviet people are outwardly friendly to American visitors although anti -Xmerican propaganda is plastered evervwhere. A Georgia girl, bottom left, stands to recite during language class in scliool at Tihis, USSR. Photo was made by Richartl Ward, Chicago University. (NEA Telephoto) ThaM'ing of icy street.s diminished the number of car accidents and fender-denting in Abilene Saturday morning. No one Mas reported injured in the last 24 hours as a result of accelerated and increased movement of traffic, police said. Be-tMcen Thursday morning and Friday evening about 25 slight accidents occurred. The number had not materially increased during Fridr^v night and Saturday morning. Police at 2;47 a. m. Saturday inquired into a collision at 12th and Pine St. in M'hich .some damage was done to a 1946 Ford course OMned by Ijovic .Arrond Brooks, 902 Graham St. The other car involved Mas OM'iied by Ix'onard Charles Branch. 3301 South Tenth, a 1952 Chevrolet sedan, Saturday morning forgetful motorists who parked near curbs doMntOM-n found "getting out ' a little difficult. Most busines houses had removed the ice coating in front of their traces. Some open street stnvers running surplus Mater from Friday’s tliaw clogged after Friday night freeze, causing treacherous spots at street intersections on tite south side Saturday. Sunshine and a gentle breeze were fast removing left-over ice from Friday. PANMUNJOM ,1^--TM'eniy - one , than to North Korea an .Americans and 326 other pro-Red ; spokesman said. They Mere put    in    ;    Americans ‘’must    make    up    their prisoners in Korea’s neutral zone : a .special compound holding about    ¡minds    quickly” if    they    want to    L were caught today between a new * 100 prisoners who have asked to    go    j    come    home. “Their pay    is    going    |    ^    “ Communist refusal to accept them to neutral nations.    to be cut off very shortly.” he :    f    eRussian    em^^^ and a tougher Allied attitude. ; The U. N. Command virtually said.    sStor of quart^^^^^^ Two Communist generals reject- told the Communist Command to ;    Get    Few More Hours    second Meek’s sessions of the coned for the second time an Indian take them back.    .    ..    .    i Pentagon officials said-that only ; fere nee Mill be held in this building, proposal that the Reds accept We welcome an\ statement that ^ Reds’ refusal to take back the i The foreign ministers will meet them a few hours or ; the first m eek in the former .Allied Control Authority buLdine in the American sector. The Soviet sector put on the biggest display of security measures .»ieen here since the visit of .Andrei Vishinsky. thep foreign minister, five years ago. Troops Along Route East German troops, in their olive drab Russian style uniforms. that the Reds accept “We uelcome any statement that “under protest” the 21 .Americans. ^ you Mill make as to your plans for j ¿I'had'^given ' 1 Briton and 325 South Koreans ' removing them as rapidly as pos- j    graee .....,    .    .    .    .    ____— o before “undesirable” who renounced their homelands sible from their present camp to discharges become effective for communism.    ^    any area north of the present de- j    pdward S Dickenson ’ a ’>3- abandoned the . mlU.arized tone.- Mai. Gen, J K. I    Ed. ard dier who originally stayed Mith the Reds but later changed his mind Mas arrested in Washington and accused of “intercourse Mith the Indian guards captives last midnight after the Lacey told the Reds at a session Reds wouldn’t take them.    of the Military Armistice Commis- The number of pro-Red South ; sion. Korean prisoners m as reduced to j GroM ing Allied impatience M ith 325 M hen îMt> asked to be sent to > the pro-Rtxfs was re-echoed also Poland or Czechoslovakia rather 1 in Washington, Mhere U.S. De- Compromise Between Ike, Bricker Talked enemy” to get “favorable treatment. ” The court-martial charges Mere filed Fridav.    .    vvere deployed along the entire The Far East Command said in 1 three-mile stretch from the Soviet Tokvj it has no knowledge of Embassy to the giant Stalin Allee M'hether similar action Mould be housing project. Unarmed sentries t.iken against Cpl. Claude J. Batch- were posted every .500 feet on both elor. a second American Mho re-1 sides of the avenue from which nounced the Communists and is i vehicles were barred i noM' in Tokyo. ‘ Indian I.t. Gen. K U.S. UH’.SRTMI NT 0» COMMI RCK MI AIHI H RlRFAl ABILENE AND VICINII’Y - Cleur to partly cloudy Suturday wSUt cor,.-.;df*ri.t}i«' warmin« SatuiUiiy. Saturday utu’r.t and Sunday. Minimum tcrinteraiur;- Saturday nliiht 3Í. at’,4 ti'.axVmum leinpcratui« Sutv day In high 40 s. NOKTH CENTRAL TEXAS KarUy cloudy to cloudy ano aarmcr this aCtcr-and loutslu. Sunday li. .'tly cloudy tuitivng colvlcr nonhacst lyorlion m aftrr- ¡- 'on MS.sr TEXSS rarC.H I - ud\ and a Ltilc «atmct this att<rnov'n and    nu”. U*v mostly cloudy. Cv -dcr Ranhattdlc and sñMÜi riatns E.ASV ANT SOl lU CENTRAL I'l'XAS Mostly cio *y and aa-.mcr U.i.s aitrjnoon, tonight ai'o Suttday M d.ctatc ci.-vtcrly atiui- on c. ast ti'...» aftfrmHw and toiUyht. bfc.’muì4 íifsh souiìicasi and »ouUt Sunday. WASHINGTON .¥L_Sen. KnoM-, shall become effective as internal land tR-Calif > predicted today UaM- . . ... only through legislation Pre.sident EisenhoMer Mill delay j Mhich Mould be valid in the ab-any appeal to the people on the ' sence of a treaty. ” holly fought i.ssue of limiting Because under the U. ..S. federal i treaty-making jyoMcrs. pending last system some Mhole areas of legis- . minute efforts to reach a compro- lation are reserved to states. optKv mise Mith Sen. Bricker ' R-Ohio*. ; nents argue this clause Mould in some cases make treanes’ effect- S. Thimayya See PWs. Page 8-A, Col, 6 The British feel that a breakdown in the Big Four talks would See MOLOTOV. Page 8-A. Col. 1 Ell V 30 n a .14 -!3 '30 SO in n 'M TEMTKRATl Rl S .V M .U SI M . S* 1 30 3-30    ....... . .    .    3    .iO    ..... ..    4    30 . S.iO .    .... 6 30    .....    33 .....:    .10    34 . ..    8,.to ...    . ...    8    .10    ......    Si 10.10 11 .10 IJ .M Mtcvtmum Unuvc;f‘>r H hvu.''# t'lul-tng at 8 iO • in., i.A. Miivtniuin tcmpíTgture tur 34 hnurj end Uu; *i Ö.30 a m 38 Sun.NCt la.'i    8    Oi    r    M Sunvi-c U'- day ^ Í.Ü A M , Sunset i.ml^lu 8 04 V M Batninrlcr reading at '■ i 't- I’M i« a' I KclalUa faunUdUy a; 13 30 DM.; sZ-. Bricker is author of a proposed constitution.Hl amendment which the President opi>oses on the ground it Mould seriously limit the conduct of foreign policy and unduly restrict traditional executive prerogatives in that field. The Ohioan, after sending all senators a letter challenging the President’s interpretation of his proiKisal. tuid the Senate yesterday he hoix’s EisenhoMer is not going to m.ike the controversy "a pei>on-al fight.” The Senate is scheduled to take up the proposal early next week, but the debate in effect already bhas begun. HoMcver, Knowland said in an intervieu efforts to hammer out a compromise lx»th the adminis-I tration and Bricker mouUI accept I fruitless so far would continue during the weekend. His Open Mind Knowland repl\ ing on the >enate fUwr to Bricker. s,iid the President still has “an open mind." “He has taken no arbitr.iry stand, ” Knowland replied. ‘1 ho|H’ that IS true.” said Bricker. ’ U is true," Knowland shot j b.Ack. I The B ticker amendment’s treaties frem depriving I'. S , avowed purpose Ls to prevent ' ! citizeri.N of rights guaranteed by tlie Constitution and to give Con-! gi t ss more eontrol over the less I foi ntal agreements into which a ' president might enter. Constitu-! tional lawyers disagree widely on ' its necessity and probable effect.. Controversial Provision Perhaps the most controversial clause would write into the Consti- . 1 tution a provision that "A treaty I I iveness depend on action by all 48 ! .«tate I.egislatures. Eisenhower has : said this aspect might make it I almost impossible for him to deal I with foreign countries if the I amendment were adopted. Bricker told the Senate yester-; day that opponents of his proposal I had engaged in “direct misrepre-^ sentation’’ of the effect of the i amendment. ' The Ohio senator said that his resolution "would not require any treaty on .tny subject to lie r.alified by any state at any time and •'would not give any state a veto power over the conduct of the nation’s foreign affairs Accuses Ike :    Bricker said that Eiseiihower had given “wide circulation” to erroneous charges that the Bricker ’ amendment would "turn back the clock to the old Articles of Confederation " the loi>se compact iH’tMcen the st.Hle3 that preceded the Con>tituti<3n. Eisenhower had said in a news ‘ conference he would not object to a statement that a treaty coutra-\ ening the Constitution is void, but would not a.gree to reverting to ’ the general system of the Articles of Confederation. HAVE YOU PAID YOUR POLL TAX? Telethon Tonight Will Aid March of Dimes; Fund Lags .Abilene’s first telethon- a spec- ; “length of the teletlion depends ial television program to aid the j on how long the people keep the Polls Paid Frlday PoUs Paid to Date Polls Paid Last Year Polls Paid in 1952 Days before deadline 4.95vH 7.093 18,090 8 March of Dimes—begins at 8 p. m. Saturday over KRBC-TV. It’s hoped that $6.000 will t*e raised to add to Taylor County’s lagging twlio funds. Only $10.000 toward the goal of $45.(XH) had been contributed by Friday night. How' long Mill the TV program last” CAB COLLECTOR REAL MCCOY Be careful. See that the collector is a cab driver and so make sure the mone\ you give Saturday night to the telethon get4 in the right hands. Wneii KRBC sixmsored a March of Dimes program during Sunday afternoon, some unauthorized persons went to donors* addresses and picked up the money. Around $100 meant for needy iHilio patient.-, never reached the radio station. Total contributions were over Sl.tHK). The thieves li.stened to the broadcast and when an address was called, they beat the authorized collectors to the money. So that this sort of thing w on’t happen again Saturday, KHBC-TV is advising all donors to check that their collector is driving a taxicab and has on a :    cab    uniform. phones busy in calling in their contributions," stated John Renshaw, program director of the television station. AU donors have to do is pick up their phones, dial 4-7291, give their names, addresses, and the amount they’d like to donate. Taxicabs will be sent to thoae addresses to pick up the money. Performers from Abilene and nearby towns. Hardin-Simmons University. McMurry College, and Abilene Christian College wiU appear on the teleca.-d. -\t 10 p. m. radio station KRBC will join the program. Other -March of Dimes programs for the coming week are; Tuestiay night, basketball game iH'tween Abilene High School and San Angelo in the .AHS gymnasium. By Friday night. $18 had been pledged by organizations for each point the Eagles score. Also Tuesday, the Carjienters and Joiners' union annual dance, beginning at 8 30 p.m. In the Carpenters building South Second and Sycamore Sts. Friday. Coffee Day (with 40 Abilene cafes participating by giving all coffee money to the March of Dime.s), and the Mother’s March from 8 p. m, to 9 p. m. Saturday, a road blockade. Motorists will lie stopped and asked to Rive to the fund. Originally planned for this Saturday, the blockade was postponed because ol tht icy \ weaihcf. ;