Abilene Reporter News, January 21, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

January 21, 1954

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Issue date: Thursday, January 21, 1954

Pages available: 46

Previous edition: Wednesday, January 20, 1954

Next edition: Friday, January 22, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 21, 1954, Abilene, Texas President Sends $65.5 BillidrT ¿IdgCT^to Congress COLD WITH LIGHT SNOW GGfje Abilene Report er "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" — Byron_SEE STORY IN COLUMNS 1, 2 EVENING FINAL VOL. LXXIII, No. 219 Associated Pre$s (AP> ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 21, 1954 —TWENTY PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10« Air, Atomic Power Get New Reliance WASHINGTON (AP)—President Eisenhower laid a 65Vi>-billion-dollar budget before Congress today. He said a “new concept” of reliance upon air power and new weapons justifies a 514-billion-dollar spending slash, mostly from national security outlays. Despite the 7*2 per cent spending cut under estimated outlays for this year—also lowered—the Chief Executive told Congress the government would wind up the next fiscal year nearly three billion dol- îars in the red. He cautioned against further general tax cuts, although he proposed a broad program of tax law changes. Throughout the massive document, Elsenhower, who has spent most of his life in the Army, emphasized that his administration has made air power its chosen instrument of free world defense, with otber services playing lesser roles. He said his tax program would result in about 600 million dollars tax relief each for individuals and for businesses, in addition to the changes that took effect Jan. 1: a 10 per cent cut in personal tax rates and abolition of the excess profits tax on corporations. In the message of about 40,000 words. Eisenhower also: t. Recommended a 25-point tax revision program, calling upon Congress to : shift the annual personal income tax deadline from March 15 to April 15; liberalize deductions for family medical costs; allow limited deductions for child care; give farmers a deduction for soil conservation; extend corporation income and excise tax rates rather than permit them to decline April 1 to pre - Korea levels and enact a scries of revisions aimed at lightening and adjusting the tax load on business. 2. Renewed his plea, stymied in the Senate after the House okayed it last year, for a higher legal limit on the national debt. While he used no figure today, his pre- vious request was for a boost from the present 275 billion dollars to 290 billions. The debt is now about 274Mi billions. 3. Revised downward budget estimates for the current fiscal year which ends next June 30. Here is the comparison between Eisenhower’s estimates for the current year made last August and now, the August figure first in each ininstances: Income    $68.305,000,000 $67,628,000,000 Outgo    72,116,000,000 70,902,000,000 Deficit    3,811,000,000 3,274,000,000 Year-end debt 271,100.000,000 269,750.000,000 Eisenhower thus trimmed nearly It* billion dollars from his previous spending prediction for this year, and. despite a drop of 677 million dollars In expected revenue came up with a fiscal 1954 deficit 537 million dollars lower than he estimated six months ago. His new fiscal 1954 estimates showed income about one billion dollars less than former President Truman estimated in his budget message to Congress a year ago. Spending was estimated about 7^i billions less than Truman forecast, the new deficit figure was over 6'? billions less than Truman’s, and the debt predicted for next June 30 was four billion dollars under Truman’s figure. He requested new appropriations See DETAILS, Pg. 5-A, Col. 3-4 Icy Blizzard Easing Grip; Tonight Midnight Storm Glazes Wide Area ABILENE INCLUDED Big Outlay Asked For AF Facilities By KATHARYN DUFF Reporter-News State Editor Texas has some real winter weather, a brief blizzard, which delivered the heaviest snow this section of the state has got in five years. The cold which whistled in Wednesday afternoon broke trail for a midnight “thunderstorm” which produced a mixture of sleet, snow, hail and freezing rain. Highway travel is extremely dangerous, but motorists have slowed down to a pace which has prevented many wrecks. Many rural schools are closed. Airline schedules are disrupted. Temperatures sagged into the low teens and by mid-morning hadn’t climbed much. The snow is over for this time, weathermen said at noon. The mercury was due to climb to about 25 or 30 during the afternoon, then plunge to 10 degrees tonight. High Friday will be 32 to 35. Snow-sleet generally measured from an inch and a half to two and a half inches in the j territory around Abilene. Abilene is near the western edge of the snow-sleet belt which by 1 mid-morning stretched as far east as Texarkana, south to the coast and north to “yonder.” At 10 a.m. skies were clear in Snyder, Lubbock, Midland and Colorado City. By noon they were clear at Abilene, Snow Continues Reporter-News Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, Jan. 21 — President Eisenhower’s $65 6 btUion budget handed to Congress Thursday includes a proposal for the greatest outlay of money for the construction of Air Force facilities since World War II. THE WEATHER I? s. DFP4KTMFVT OF COMMERCE WFATHER Pl UFAl ABILENE AND VICINITY Partly cloudy today, toolfht and Friday; low tor.Sgbt. 10 drgrcf* high Friday, 35-30. NORTH CENTRAL TFXAS: Cloudy and coid with snow or *1**: through Friday. Lowest Thursday night 10-30 WEST TEXAS: Cloudy and cold with occasional snow Panhandle South Plains and upper Pecos Valley eastward through Friday, LoW'-st Thursday night i :* Panhandle and South Plains 18-2» rise where, SOUTH CF VIRAL TEXAS: COld wave warning south portion and near cca-1 Cloudv and much colder, snow or siaat north, ar.d occasional rain south porUon T1 Ml’FR ATI RF.S Wed. 43 41 3* 35 33 35 33 31 30 I» It PM Thun : jo 3    30 3; JO 4    HI 5    JO «30 7 30 F 30 9 30 10    30 11    0 12.30 A M. 1« 55 15 15 15 15 15 15 1 « ST 30 Maximum temperature for 24-hour period ending #:30 a m 69 Minimum temperas re for 34-hour period •ndlng « 30 a m : 14 Barometer reading at 13 JO pm. Jr.n. Relative tyumldtiy at 12 j0 p ut. 7« <• It calls for $1.2 billion — almost $200 million more than is being spent in the present fiscal year. The figure is more than $100 million above the all-time high of the Korean war, the 1952 fiscal year. While Defense Department officials were not able to state specifically how much of it is earmarked for Abilene Air Force Base, it was apparent from the size of the over-all recommendation for Air Force public works that sufficient funds to keep the base's construction going as scheduled are included in the new budget. The budget is for the government fiscal year which begins July X. The $1,2 billion proposed for Air Force public works compares to $250 million for Army public works and $200 million for Navy public works. The amount earmarked for individual projects won’t be made known until the Defense Department sends to Congress within a few weeks details on the program. The Air Force construction program is geared to having 120 wings activated and equipped by July 1, 1955. There will be 115 wings organized on July 1 of this year. Defense officials said, but relatively few of them equipped. The build up is headed for a 137-wing goal sometime in 1957. •t-    • ALL COVERED WITH SN-OOOW—Birr! It wasn’t really so    water in the creek shown cutting through this picture isn't coid at this Hair Park scene, but it sure looked cold. Any-    even frozen. Just a few chunks of ice floating around. (Staff body who wants to go wading can find places where the    photo by Don Hutcheson) Small Grain Crop Saved Thursday's protective covering of sleet and snow was encouraging to area farmers who have been concerned about the small grain crop. Some early oats and volunteer grain had already been killed by severe temperatures earlier in the month, or had died for want of moisture. But some wheat fields are still looking promising and the mois-I few disasters could    _ ture from the sleet and snow will    People cuss it,    they    slip in it.    the jammed switchboard to    call a be of untold benefit, according to    and, yet, scratch    any    overcoated    cab. in the first place. Countv Agent H C. Stanley. How- businessman and you’d probably! Abilene schools remained open ever he warned there is the pos- find that he’d like to go sledding | since the buildings were warm and Utility that the'mellowing and    « he dared.    a small minority ride the    rural loosening of the soil, which gener-i It does some    pretty strange    huses. Superintendent A. E.    welts ally follows snow and low temper- things to a city, too.    sai('- ,    .    ...      . harmful if fol-I      *......I The school kids were probably SUP, SLIDE AND SPIN City Welcomes First Snow; It's Fun but Dangerous, Too School Attendance High Attendance in the high school ature, could prove might cause serious erosion. The moisture from sleet and snow normally does nearly twice as much good as an equal amount resulting from rain, since nearly all the moisture from melting snow and ice penetrates the soil. J    Some    drivers    were    still    working I most teachers were planning to it’s beautiful it’s fun to play in,!    Thursday    morning    who    had    gone    keep their classes in to avoid colds and it's inspiring to poets, but it    i on duty at 4 p. m. Wednesday, he    and    flu. sure is dangerous.    I said. That was because several And snow, when it falls but    j were out sick, rarely as here, can disrupt the    | People didn’t appreciate the long j    ,    .    „ ...    e .    .s    t routine of motorized city life as    waiting, though—at least, not those    and    Junior    schools was about who were able to get through to j 84 per cent of enrollment, Wells said. Normal is about 94 per cent. Other students were probably happier. Schools closed at Baird, Elmdale, Hawley, Wylie, Merkel, Trent, Tve, and Denton Valley, the two Abilene radio stations reported. Roby, Hobbs, Hamby, Buffalo See ABILENIANS. P. 11-A, Col. 3-4 Shivers Plans To Call Special Session ’Soon’ For instance, it cancels airline though—not lowed by h.gt..driving wmds.which j nigWs. throws tr.fiic into » mess, I „Äid^efcSti not close, but Shift From Foot Soldiers Cuts Budget to $37 Billion WASHINGTON UP — President Eisenhower recommended today a $37,575,000,000 military outlay lor the next fiscal year, with a shift in emphasis from foot soldiery to a “full exploitation of air power and modern weapons.” The spending budget he proposed to Congress for the Defense Department is about four billion dollars less than that estimated for the current year, which ends June 30 Eisenhower said the budget is based on a “new' concept for . . . our national security program. A substantial part of the savings obviously would come in manpower. particularly Army manpower. The budget figures reflect an over-all reduction of about 8.7 per cent tn manpower for all the armed forces. Army personnel would be reduced by 17.3 per cent, and three divisions would he dropped from the present 20. Against the cutback in strength of the Army, in which Eisenhower was a five-star general, there was the President’s emphatic advocacy of greater power in the air He said the Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps now have, among them, about 33,000 planes. During the next three years, he said, this will be increased to 40, 000, more than half of them jets. Twenty-two per cent of defense expenditures in the new fiscal year would go to airplane procurement. The 1955 fiscal year program, the President wrote, “calls for improving combat effectiveness by the application of new weapons and new techniques, including full realization of our nuclear capabilities, and provides for the rapid and orderly phasing of programs to improve continental defense against possible enemy attack. He continued “Last summer I told the American people that ’the Soviets now have the capability of atomic attack upon us, and such capability will increase with the passage of time.* 1 made this statement shortly after it was established that the Soviet Union had successfully del onated a thermonuclear (hydrogen) device which, if successfully converted into an offensive weapon and if exploded over our American cities, would be capable of effecting unprecedented destruction . . . “Our military planners and those of the other nations of the fret* world agree as to the Importance of air power. But atr forces must be complemented with land forces, at. yhibiou* forces, antisubmarine and just plain immobilizes some folks. Local garages reported Thursday morning that they had had dozens of calls for wreckers to puli cars away from the curbs. One garageman advised motorists not to persist in efforts to get cars unstuck. "it’s like turning an ice cream freezer,” he said. “It warms up the snow, then it melts, then freezes slick and you’re stuck.” Cars that are hard to start ! shouldn’t be flooded, he said, j They’ll start eventually if you just keep trying, but patiently. And chains are available for j anyone who wants them. Lights Turned Off Traffic lights were shut off in the downtown section of tow n to j keep cars from jamming on their ■ brakes suddenly and skidding into ! the center of an intersection, John ; Bostick, police desk office, explained. They figure turning off the lights will prevent more wrecks than turning them on, he saui. Only one wreck had been reported early Thursday, a three-car pile-up at South Fifth and Willis Sts., and two people had fallen on slick walks. No bad injuries were reported. Chief C, Z. Hallmark advised motorists to drive carefully and slowly. ‘ You’d better not follow* too close because it’s sure slick.’’ he added. Cab Firms Swamped Did the cab companies get much | business? I “Just too darn much of it,” Dis- In Whole State Tokes Brunt of Icy Blast Low* early Thursday morning was 14 degrees at the Abilene weather station. The mealy white stuff, mostly sleet left roads and highways in dangerous condition and slowed traffic to a crawl. Two danger spots this morning were the Ranger Hill, east of Ranger on U. S. 80, and the hill just west of Baird on U. S. 80. Trucks, cars and even a trailer house were reported stalled at the Ranger Hill. Trucks had backed up in Baird awaiting work on the Baird hill before they continued w*esL Strong north wind made this a real bone-chiller. Winds since the front hit averaged 25 miles an hour until mid-morning Thursday, wit hgusts up to 38 mph. New Mexico and Arizona are to be thanked for the moisture which has pelted and drifted onto Texas, Sitchler said. A large area of low pressure and moist air, over those two states Wednesday, moved eastward atop the mass of frigid air, producing the snow* and sleet. .65 Inch of Moisture Moisture content measured at 9:30 a.m. at the Abilene weather station was .65 inch. Sitchler estimated the snow-sleet fall at 25a Inches. Exact measurement was impossible because of the wind, but the ground is well covered This fall is the heaviest of its type in Abilene since the heavy snow early in 1949. Last year, on Jan. 16, Abilene got an inch of snow. Although the cold weather Is widespread, the moisture belt plays out not far west of Abilene. Lub- See BLIZZARD, Pg. 5-A, Col. 4-5 HAVE YOU PAID YOUR POLL TAX? Polls Paid Wednesday .....  369 Polls Paid to Date ..........4.493 Polls Paid Last Year ........7,093 Polls Paid in 1952    ..... 18.090 Days before Deadline ....... 10 AUSTIN W—Gov. Shivers put an unofficial seal of approval on a teacher pay raise compromise yesterday and expressed hope a special session will soon make the $402 a year increase a reality. The plan, as drawn would fatten teacher pay checks beginning next September. Members of a 25-member committee submitted the proposition to Shivers and the Texas State Teachers Association with a unanimous pledge to support it “if a special session is called.” At the same time, some members individually urged that the Legislature consider an immediate pay raise if funds are available. A delegation carried the report and a copy of a proposed bill to Shivers’ office late yesterday afternoon. Commending the committee for its “fine work” in presenting what he considered a “forward step” in Texas education, Shivers promised a prompt call of the Legislature as soon as feasible. “It is my intention to call a special session of the Legislature If this bill embodies what I understand it to, and to submit it not only as your recommendation but as mine,” the governor said. He told reporters the exact date could not be set yet but said “it will not be too far in the future.” WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES DISCHARGES DUE—-Twenty. one Gl's who refused to com« home will be discharged as un-desiroble.” Page 7-A. DEFENDS PRORATION—Member of Texas Railroad Ccmm s-sion defends oil prorat<on in talk hero. Page 6-A. FABULOUS HUGHES-— Th.rd in a ser es of articles on wealthy Howard Hughes—a shy guy *oq has knack for landing on front pages. Page 12-A. warfare forces, a n d fighting ships.” As outlined by a Defense Department spokesman, here is the way the budget for the year beginning next July 1 will relate to that policy: Manpower for the armed services Now about 3,400.000: will be 3.328.000 by next June 30 and 3,- 037.000 at the end of June 1955. The cutback in military manpower would account for a big share of the reduction in spending. Eisenhower estimated the reduction in forces would mean a cut in expenditures of about 600 million dollars for pay, allowances and other direct military personnel costs. In spending, here is what the armed forces will spend tn the present year and the estimate for the next fiscal year: Armv, $14,200,000.000 this year, $10.198.000.000 next vear. Navy, pateher    Milton    Gilbreth    said $11.300,000.000 this year; $10.493,- fact, he    added,    they    were    “snow- 000.000 next year; \ir Force $15,-1 ed    under    ” 60,000,000 this year, $16,209,000*- j The    three    companies had    25 cabs 000 next,    i    going,    including    the    two “hoses” Research on the more difficult problems of aircraft propulsion by atomic energy will continue,” he j 29    to 50    calls    behind    all    morning, wrote.    ¿he saiu. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS {to 28-38 in the lower Rio Grande An Arctic blast slammed snow, j Valley, sleet and freezing rain across I other minimums at 6 30 a.m. j most of Texas Thursday. It w as | Thursday included Brownsville 70, Jhestitfs worst weather this win-1    n    wicMu    ^    Abi. Glazed highways and slippery* j lene 14, Mineral Wells 16, Midland* j streets jammed transportation. Odessa 18, San Angelo and Fort j Some schools were closed.    S    Worth    19.    Dallas 20. Junction 22 BABY SURVIVES The V, S. Weather Bureau warned the worst was stiL to come. No let up in the bitter cold was seen before the week end. Texas took the full brunt of a Austin 25. Marfa 26, San Antonio 31, Texarkana 32. Lufkin S3. Presidio 38. El Paso 35, Corpus Christi 44, Houston 45, Beaumont 51, Den mass off polar air skidding south-1 ton jp Sherman 18. Paris 14, and ward from Canada. By mid-morn- Corsicana 22. ins Thursday the frigid norther    Twin    Cities    Snarled had pushed sleet and freezing drizzle past Austin and San Antonio. The front was due to sweep Into Crash Kills 4 In Family An infant girl, in ill health from j until they left Abilene about 10 p.m. Snow and sleet slowed    the    heavy Uu allergy, w as the lone survivor j Monday to return    to California, morning traffic in the Fort Worth-1 in a two-car collision wliich killed I Mr. and Mrs. L. S. Goldsmith, Dallas area as thousands of work-¡four members of a former Abilene 1841 North Sixth St., own the the Gulf    around    noon with    a    threat    er« *rjed to get to their jobs.    Buses    family Wednesday near Desert Cen- j house. of freezing    weather    for    the    lower i an(j car< skidded and    stallei nn    ter. Calif. And even she was crit- Mrs. Goldsmith    said Wednesday Rio Grande Valley.    slippery    hills    and    iced    over    under*    ically    hurt.    ¡night    that    the    Baldwin    family    had Dalhart and Borger had lows of    *      -    *    “ 4 above zero early Thursday for i the statew ide As the front ; hind a mixture . freezing rain. An inch had fallen at I davbreak in Amarillo, Mineral I Wells, Fort Worth. Denton, and Wichita Falls. Lesser amounts fell 1 in Dallas. San Angelo. Lubbock, Paris. San Antonio, Austin. Slier-j man, Kilgore, Corsicana and other i points. passes In Fort Worth signal lights I She is Mary Baldwin, about 4    come to Abilene from their home were off hi the downtown section j months old. During the two months    . near San Diego. C alif. She said minimum.    and trams raa halt an hour behind; that the family lived here she suf-; they left here to return to Santa advanced    it    left be-, schedule Some Fort Worth fered most of the time from the    Ana. Calif. of    snow,    sleet    and j schools were closed and officials allergy and had to drink gout’s    I Baldwin, a heavy machinery op- schools said students absent from the other schools would not be penalized for staying home. More than an inch of snow covered roads tn the Borger area. Highway officials called the routes passable—but dangerous. San Angelo had almost half an The forecasts called for con tin- 0{ sleet and snow before day-ued snow , sleet or icy drizzle over jight and roads iced over in all in their private cars and the air-! all the state except in the coastal j directions from the city. Highway port limousine, but they kept from region. Temperatures early Friday patrolmen warned motorists to ...... ”    ’    were expected to range from around 8 above tn the Panhandle 1 See STATE, Pg. ll-A# Col* 4 milk.    j    erator, came here seeking employ The parents, Norton L, Baldwin, j meat at the Abilene Air Force 32, and Mrs, Mildred Gray Morrell Base, Goldsmith reported He work Baldwin, 32, were killed in the ed part of the time for a coo crash. Also fatally injured were {tractor on a highway between Abi Norman Morrell, 14, and Alonzo lene and Sweetwater. Morrell, 5. sons of Mrs. Baldwin Associated Press quoted the bv a previous marriage.    ¡highway patrol as saying the fatal Only occupant of the other auto- accident occurred at the approach mobile involved was killed also. ; to an elevated bridge over n dry He was Boyd ftockman of Pacoi* wash, where approaching traffic i. ma. Calif.    *    ;    obscured. The Baldwins lived here at 1841 The baby was taken to Coachel- ;

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