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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 21, 1954, Abilene, Texas President Sends Billicm Budget to Congress SEE STORY IN COLUMNS 1. 2 COLD WITH LIGHT SNOW EVENING FINAL "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byron VOL. LXXIII, No. 219 Aaaeimud Prtm (AT) ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY Sc, SUNDAY IOC Power Get New Reliance WASHINGTON Eisenhower laid a 65V- bilhon-dollar budget before Congress today. He said a "new concept" of reliance upon air power and new weapons justi- fies a SVi-billion-dollar spending slash, mostly from national security outlays. Despite the 1V> per cent spending cut under estimated outlays for this Chief Executive told Congress the government would wind up the next fiscal year nearly three billion dol- lars in the red. He cautioned against further gen- eral tax cuts, although he pro- posed a broad program of tax law changes. Throughout the massive docu- ment, Eisenhower, who has spent most of his life in the Army, em- phasized that his administration has made air power its chosen in- strument of free world defense, with other services playing lesser roles. He said his tax program would result in about 600 million dollars tax relief each for individuals and tor businesses, in addition to the change's that took effect Jan. 1: a 10 per cent cut in personal tax rates and abolition of the excess profits tax on corporations. In the message of about words. Eisenhower also: 1. Recommended 25-point tax revision program, calling upon Con- gress to shift the annual personal income tax deadline from March 15 to April 15; liberalize deduc- tions for family medical costs; al- low limited deductions for child care; give farmers a deduction for soil conservation; extend corpora- tion income and excise tax rates rather than permit them to de- cline April 1 to pre Korea levels and enact a series of revisions aimed at lightening and adjusting the tax load on business. 2. Renewed hii plea, stymied in the Senate after the House okayed It last year, for a higher legal limit on the national debt. While he used no figure today, his pre- vious request was for a boost from the present 275 billion dollars to 290 billigns. The debt is now about billions. 3. Revised downward budget es- timates for the current fiscal year which ends next June 30.-Here is the comparison between Eisenhow- er's estimates for the current year made last August and now. the August figure first in each in- instances: Income Outgo Deficit Year-end debt Eisenhower thus trimmed nearly 1% billion dollars from his pre- vious spending prediction for this year, and. despite a drop of 677 million dollars in expected revenue came up with a fiscal 1S54 deficit 537 million dollars lower than he estimated six months ago. His new fiscal 1954 estimates showed income about- one billion dollars less than former President Truman estimated in his budget message to Congress a year ago. Spending was estimated about billions less than Truman forecast, the new deficit figure was over 6% billions less than Truman's, and the debt predicted for next June 30 was four billion dollars under Truman's figure. He requested new appropriations See DETAILS, Pg. S-A, Col. 3-4 ABILENE INCLUDED Big Outlay Asked For AF Facilities Reporter-News Washington Bureau Jan. 21 Pres- ident Eisenhower's billion budget handed to Congress Thurs- day includes a proposal for the greatest outlay of money for the construction of Air Force facilities since World War II. THE WEATHER U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BliaEAtJ ABILENE AND VICINITY: PirUy tioudr todar. tonicht and Friday: low tonlsht. 10 decrees: Msh KOBTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Cloudy cold with snow or sleet through Friday, lowest Thursday Right Ifr-20. WEST TEXAS: Cloudy and cold with oc- casional saow Panhandle, south Plains and upper Pecos Valley eastward through Fri- day. Lowes: Thursdav night panhandle and South Plains. 1S-25 elsewhere. "SOUTH CEXTKAL TEXAS: Cold --si-are irarnlnc south portion and near coast. Cloudy and. much colder, snow or sleet north and occasional rs'n south portion. TEMPERATURES Wed. P--M. Thurs. A.M. 43 Ifi 41 15 3S 15 35 15 33 15 29 15 35 15 33 15 31 IS IT IS lj 20 Maximum temperature for period a.m.: W. Minimum temperature for period a.m.: H. Barometer reading at p.m. 38.51i Relative numldlly at f.M. 1i% It calls for billion almost S200 million more than is being spent in the present fiscal year. The figure is more than SIM mil- lion above the all-time high of the Korean war, the 1952 fiscal year. While Defense Department of- ficials were not able to state speci- fically how much of it is earmark- ed for Abilene Air Force Base, it .was apparent from the size of the over-all recommendation for Air Force public works that sufficient funds to keep the base's construc- tion going as scheduled are includ- ed in the new budget. The budget is for the government fiscal year which begins July 1. The billion proposed for Air Force public works compares to million for Army public works and million for Navy public works. The amount earmarked for in- dividual projects won't be made known until the Defense Depart- ment sends to Congress within a few weeks details on the program. The Air Force construction pro- gram is.geared to having 120 wings activated and equipped by July 1, 1955. There will be 115 wings or- ganized -on July 1 of this year. Defense officials said, but relative- ly few of them equipped: The build- up is headed for a 137-wing goal sometime in 1S5T. Icy Blizzard Easing Grip Low Due to Be 10 Toniq Midnight Storm Glazes Wide Area By KATHARYN DUFF Reporter-News State Editor Texas has some real winter weather, a brief blizzard, delivered the heaviest snow this section of the state las got in five years. The cold which whistled in Wednesday afternoon broke" irail for a midnight "thunderstorm" a mix- ture .of sleet, snow, hail and freezing rain. Highway travel is extremely dangerous but motorists lave slowed down to a pace which has prevented many wrecks. Many rural schools are closed: Airline schedules are disrupted. Temperatures sagged into the low teens and by mid-morning hadn't climbed much. The snow is over for this time; weathermen said at noon. The mercury was due to climb to about 25 or 30 during the afternoon, then plunge to 10 degrees tonight High Friday will be 32 to 35. Snow-sleet generally meas- ured from an inch and a half to two and a half inches in the territory around Abilene. Abilene is'near the .western edge of the snow-sleet belt which by mid-morning stretched" as far east as Texarkana, south to the coast and north to "yonder." At 10 ajn. skies were clear in Snyder, Lubbock, Midland and Colorado-City.. By noon they were clear at Abilene. Snow Continue! Low early Thursday morning was 14 degrees at the Abilene weather SLIP, SLIDE AND SPIN ALL really so cold at this biit it sure looked "cold. Any- body who wants to go wading can find places where the Small Grain Crop Saved Thursday's protective covering of sleet and snow was encourag- ing to area farmers who have been concerned about the small grain rop. Some early oats and volunteer grain had already been killed by severe temperatures earlier in the month, or had died for want of moisture.. But some wheat fields are still looking promising and the mois- ture from the sleet and snow will be of untold benefit, according to County Agent H. C. Stanley. How- ever, he warned, there is the pos- sibility that the mellowing and loosening of the soil, which gener- ally follows snow and low temper- ature, could prove harmful if fol- lowed by high, driving winds which might cause serious erosion. The moisture from sleet and snow normally does nearly twice as much good as an equal amount resulting from rain, since nearly all the moisture from melting snow and ice penetrates the soil. water in the creek shown cutting through this picture isn't even frozen Just a few chunks of ice floating around. (Staff photo by Don Hutcheson) it's beautiful, it's fun to play and it's inspiring to poets, but it sure is dangerous. And snow, when it falls but rarely as here, can .disrupt the routine of motorized city life as sw disasters could People cuss it, they slip in it, and, yet, scratch any overcoated jusinessman and you'd probably 'ind that he'd like to go sledding I he dared. It does some pretty strange things to a city, too. For instance, it cancels airline flights, throws traffic into a mess, and just plain immobilizes some Shift From Foot Soldiers Cuts Budget to Billion WASHINGTON HI President Eisenhower recommended today a military outlay for the next fiscal year, with a sXift in emphasis from foot soldiery to a "full exploitation air power and modern weapons." The spending budget he proposed to Congress for the Defense De- partment Is about four billion dol- lars less than that estimated for the current year, which ends June 30. Eisenhower said the budget based on a "new concept for our national security program." A substantial part of the sav- ings obviously would cctne in man- power, particularly .Army man- power. The budget figures reflect an over-all reduction of about S.7 per cent in manpower for all the armed forces. Army personnel would reduced by 17.3 Per cent, and throe divisions would be dropped from the present 70. Against the cutback In strength of the Army, in which Elsenhower five-star general, there was the President's emphatic advocacy of grenter In lllc He the Air Force, Navy Marine Corps now have, among them, about 33.000 plnnts. During the next three years, he laid, this will be Increased to 000. more than half of them jets. Twenty-two per cent of defense ex- penditures in the new fiscal year would go to airplane procurement. The 1955 fiscal year program, the President wrote, "calls for im- proving combat effectiveness by the application of new weapons and new techniques, Including full realization of our nuclear capabil- ities, and provides for the rapid and orderly phasing of programs to Improve continental defense against possible enemy attack." He continued: "Last summer I told the Amer- ican people that 'the Soviets now have the capability'of atomic at- tack upon us, and such capability will Increase with the passage of time.' I made this statement short- ly after It was established that the Soviet Union had successfully det- onated a thermonuclear (hydro- gen) device which, if successfully convcrttd Into an offensive weap- on and If exploded over our Amer- ican cities, would be capable of effecting unprecedented destruc- tion "Our military planners and those of the other nations of the fret- world agree as to the Importance of air power. But air forces must be complemented with land forces, ai..phlbloui forcti, antisubmarine warfare forces, and fighting ships." As outlined by a Defense De- partment spokesman, here is the way the budget for the year be- ginning next July 1 will relate to that policy: Manpower for the armed serv- about will be by next June 30 snd at the end of June 1955. The cutback in' military man- power would account for a big share of the reduction in Eisenhower estimated the reduc- tion in forces would mean a cut in expenditures of about'600 mil- lion dollars for pay. 'allowances and other direct military person- nel costs. In spending, here is what armed forces will spend in the the present year and the estimate for the next flsc.il year: Army, this year, S10.19S.OOO.OOO next year: Navy, this year; next vcar; Air Force this year, 000 next. Research on the more difficult problems of aircraft propulsion bj atomic energy .will he wrote. City Welcomes First Snow; It's Fun but Dangerous, Too Some drivers were still -working TharsdaT morning -who had gone on duty, at 4 p. m. Wednesday, he said. That was because 'several were out sick. People didn't appreciate 'the long waiting, least, not those who were able to get through to the jammed switchboard to call a cab, in the first place. Abilene schools remained open since the buildings were warm and a small minority ride the rural buses, Superintendent A. E. Wells Local garages reported Thursday morning that they had had doz- ens of calls for wreckers to pull cars away from the curbs. One garageman advised motor- ists not to persist in efforts to get cars unstuck. "It's like turning an ice cream -he said. "It warms up the snow, then it melts, then freez- es slick and you're stuck." Cars that are hard to 'start shouldn't be flooded, he said. They'll start eventually ir you just keep trying, but patiently. And chains .are available for anyone who wants them. Lights Turned Off Traffic lights were shut off in the downtown section. of town to keep cars from jamming on their brakes suddenly and skidding into the center of. an intersection, John Bostick, police desk office, explain- ed. They figure turning off the lights will prevent more wrecks than turning them on, he said. Only one wreck had been report- ed early Thursday, a three- car pile-up at South Fifth and Wil- lis Sts., and two people fallen on slick walks. No bad injuries were reported. Chief. C. Z, Hallmark advis- ed motorists to drive carefully and slowly. "You'd better not follow too clssc, because it's sure he added. Cah Firms Swamptd Did the cab companies get .much business? "Just too darn much of Dis- patcher Milton Gilbrcth said. In fact, he added, they were "snow cd under." The three companies hurl 25 cabs gcliiK. including the two "boscs" In (heir private cars and the air- port limousine, but they kept from 20 to 50 calls behind all morning, he said. said. The school kids were probably doubly disappointed, only did the schools not close, but most teachers were planning to keep their classes in to avoid colds and flu. School Attendance High Attendance in tie high school and junior high schools -was about 84 per cent of enrollment, Wells said. Normal is about Si per cent. Other students were probably happier. Schools closed at Baird, Elmdale, Haw ley, Wylie, Merkel, Trent, Tye, and Denton Valley, the two Abilene radio stations report- ed. Roby, Hobbs, Buffalo See ABILENIANS, P. Il-A, 3-t Whole State Takes Brunt of Icy Blast By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS An Arctic blast slammed snow, sleet and freezing rain across most of Texas Thursday. It was the state's worst weather this win- ter. Glazed highways and slippery streets jammed transportation. Some schools were closed. U. S. Weather Bureau warned the worst was still to The come. No let up in the bitter cold was seen before the week end. Texas took the full brunt of a mass off polar air skidding south- ward from Canada. By mid-morn- ing Thursday the frigid norther had pushed sleet and freezing driz- zle past Austin and San Antonio. The front was due to sweep into the Gulf around noon with a threat of freezing weather for the lower Rio Grande Valley., Dalhart and Borger had lows of 4 above zero early Thursday for the statewide minimum. As the front advanced.it left.be- hind a mixture of snow, sleet and freezing An Inch hsd fsllen daybreak in AmarUio. Mineral Wells. Fort Worth. Demon, and Wichita Falls. Lesser amounts fell in Dallas. Sun Angclo, Lubbock, Paris, .Sun Antonio, Austin, Sher- man, Kilgore, Corslcana other points. The forecasts called for contin- ued snow, sleet or icy drlizle over ill the state except in the coastal region. -Temperatures early Friday were expected .to range from around 8 above In the Panhandle to 2S-3S in the lower Rio Grande Valley. Other minimums at a.m. Thursday included Brownsville TO, Lubbock 11, Wichita Falls 13, Abi- lene 14, Mineral Wells 16. Jiidlanfl- Odcssa IS, San Angelc snd Fort Worth 19, Dallas 20, Junction 22, Austin 25, Marfa 25, San Antonio 31, Texarkana 32, Lufkin 33. Pre- sidio 3S. El Paso 35. Corpus Christi 44, Houston 45. Beaumont 51. Den- ton 19. Sherman 18, Paris 14, and Corsicana 22. Twin Cities 1 Snow and sleet slowed the heavy morning traffic in the Fort Worth- Dallas area as thousands of work- ers tried to get to their jobs. Buses cars skidded and stajled on slippery hills and iced over under- passes. In Fort Worth signal lights were off in the downtown section and trains ran halt, hour behind schedule. Some Fort Worth schools werer closed an3 said students absent from the other schools would not be penalized for staying home. More than an inch of snow; cov- ered roads in the Borgcr arcs. Highway officials called the :routes dangerous. San Angela', had almost half inch show before 'day- light- snd iced over-in Directions from "the city. 'Highway patrolmen warned motorists to SM STATED 4 station." The mealy white stuff, mostly ileet .left roads and highways 11 dangerous condition and slowec traffic to a crawl- Two danger spots this were the Banger east of IIan- ger oc U. S. 80, and the hill just west of Baird on U. S SO. Trucks, cars and even a trailer house were reported stalled at the Ran- ger Hill. Trucks had backed up in Baird awalang on the Baird hill they continued west Strong north wind made this a real bone-chiller. Winds since the front hit averaged 25 miles an hour unfil mid-morning Thursday, wit hgusts up to 38 mph. New Mexico and: Arizpni are to be thanked for the moisture has pelted and drifted onto Texas, Sitchler said. A large area of low pressure and moist air, over those two states Wednesday, moved east- ward atop the mass of frigid producing the snow and sleet .65 Inch of Moisture Moisture content measured at ajn. at the Abilene weather station was .65 inch. Sitchler esti- mated snow-sleet fall at inches. Exact measurement was impossible because of the wind, but the ground is well covered. This .fall is-the heaviest its type in Abilene since the heavy snow early in 1949. Last year, on Jan.' 16, got an inch of snow. Although the cold weather is widespread, the moisture belt plays out not far west of Abilene. Lub- SH BLIZZARD, Pg.-5-A, Col. 4-5 Shivers Plans To Call Special Session 'Soon' AUSTIN Gov. Shivers put an unofficial "seal of approval on a teacher pay raise compromise yes- terday and expressed hope a spe- cial session will soon make the J402 a- year increase. a reality. The plaa.M irafn itoojd fatten teacher pay checks beginning next September. Members of a 25-member com-; mlttee submitted proposition to -Shivers: affiii Teachers Association with unan- imous pledge to support it "if a special session is At the; same time, some members individ- urged that the Legislature consider an immediate pay raise if funds are available.- A delegation carried the .report and s copy of a proposed bill to Shivers' office lete yesterday after- noon. Commending the committee for its "fine work" in presenting what he considered a "forward step" in Texas education, Shivers prom- ised a prompt call of the legisla- ture as soon as feasible. 'It is my intention to call a spe- cial session of the Legislature if this bill embodies -what I tinder- stand it to, and to submit it not only as your recommendation but as the governor said. He told reporters the exact date could not be set yet but said "it will not be too far in the future." HAVE YOU PAID YOUR POLL TAX? Polls Faid'Wednesday 369 Polls Paid to Polls Paid Last Year......'.: 7.093 Polls Paid in Days before Deadline 10 WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES DISCHARGES one GI's who refused to home wiH.be discharged as "un-. .desirable." Page 7-A. DEFENDS ber of Texas Railroad Ccmmii-. slon defends oil proration in here.' Page 6-A. FABULOUS Third in a series of articles on Howard. shy guy whohas k'nack.foiv landing on, front1 pages.-Rcge 12-Ai BABY SURVIVES Crash Kills 4 In Family An infant girl, in ill health from an allergy, was the lone survivor in a two-ear collision which killed four members of a former Abilene family Wednesday near Desert Cen- ter. Calif. And even she was crit- ically hurt. She is Mary Baldwin, about 4 months old. During the two months that the family lived bere she suf- fered most of Use time from the allergy and'had to drink goafs milk. The parents, Norton L. Baldwin, 32, and Mrs. Mildred Gray Morrell Baldwin, 32, wsra knitt! in the crash. Also fatally injured were Norman Morrell, '14, and Alonzo Morrell, 5. sons of Mrs. Baldwin by previous marriage. Only occupant the other auto- mobile involved was killed also. He was Boyd Stockman of Pacoi- ma, Calif. The Baldwins lived here at 1841 until they left Abilene about 10 p.m. Monday to return to California. Mr. and Mrs. L. S. Goldsmith, 1841'North Sixth'St., own .the house.. Mrs. Goldsmith said Wednesday night that the Baldwin family had come to Abilene from their home near San Diego, Calif. She said they left here to return to Santa Ana, Calif. a heavy machinery op- erator, came here seeking employ- ment at the Abilene Air Force Base. Goldsmith reporud. He work- ed part of the 'time for a con- tractor on a hlfhwaj; between AW- 'lene and Sweetwater. j Associated Press woted the highway patrol as taytaf the fatal accident occurred at tha approach to as elevated bridge over n 4ry wash, where approaching traffic In obscured. The baby Uktn to
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