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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 9, 1954, Abilene, Texas COLDER "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byron VOL; LXXIH, No. 207 AimamuA Pntt (APi ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 9, PAGES EVENING FINAL PRICE DAILY ScTsUNDAY We H-Bomb Blast Scheduled to Be Biggest Ever WASHINGTON United States: may be about to rock the peaceful mid-Pacific with the most Httmderous manmade explosion in world history. An Atomic Energy Commission announcement last night roused speculation that government scien- tists may be planning to detonate a hydrogen bomb with a blast pow- er mightier than the combined force of all the conventional bombs dropped: by U.S. war planes In World War II. The AEC said men and equip- ment will begin moving this month to its Pacific proving grounds in the .Marihall Islands for "a fur- ther phase of a continuing series of weapons tests." The three-paragraph announce- ment characteristically made no mention of specific types to be tested, but a reference to "all categories" of weapons touched off the H-bomb speculation. It has been estimated that Ihe American Air Force in World War II unloaded the bomb equivalent of slightly more, than two million tons of TNT. popgun A. superratomic bomb dropped over the Nevada udesert last June Jvas a popgun., by comparison. It was .believed. to. contain a power equivalent of 50.000 tons of TNT and its flash could be seen-500 miles away :This bomb, in turn, was about Norther Blows In, May Bring Rain By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A norther blew into Texas Satur- day and-those overcoats are due back out of closets'as temperatures headed for a big drop The forecast called for a low of 10 to 20 the Panhandle Ssturtar night 25 to 35 in the north portion of East Texas and a low of ,28 in South Central Texas. There was chance the norther mayibring rain as it pushed south- ward toward the Gulf Coast Occasional rain was predicted for West Texas and scattered thun- dersbowers. for East and South Central Texas. The cold was due to linger through Sunday at least. Temperatures Drop Here; Rain Unlikely Early Saturday morning a weak cold front nosed into Abilene, drop- ping temperatures-to the high 40's. The colder temperatures followed summer-like weather of 75 degrees recorded Friday. A forecast of cooler weather with moderate northerly winds with no rain likely is predicted for the week end by the weather bureau. 25i times as powerful as the one that >11 but wiped out the Japanese city of Hiroshima. There was one other significant sentence in the AEC announce- will be co observers other than U.S., officials -con- cerned." This was regarded as additional evidence that the Marshall Islands be held at some unan- nounced involve highly important developments in the atomic weapons field' that this country is not yet ready to-show even to its allies. First indications that the new tests were oh the way came in the AEC's semiannual report last July. The commission said then'that it was pleased with its spring series of Nevada tests, which it said had opened some "very "profitable ave- nues to new and improved weap- ons." Included in Tests -Testing of standard atomic fis- sion explosions needed to trigger an H-bomb, presumably were in- cluded in those tests. It also was reported unofficially at ;that time .that AEC had begun large scale production of materials for H-bombs. And the July AEC report noted that its Pacific proving grounds were being enlarged with the re- opening of the Bikini Atoll. 180 Hiiles east of Eniwetok, where most-recent A-bomb tests in that area have been held. The Bikini island cluster was used last for the 1M6 experiments with naval vessels. AEC's announcement last night didnot say whether the upcoming tests would involve Eniw-etok, Bi- both. There have been reports that an entire island vanished at Eniwe- tok during a 1952 test detonation of a relativeh hvdrogen device. have'gone unchallenged AEC. What-may happen iC a force equivalent to two million tons of TNT i is unleashed? Might Atomized Some experts think it possible that several islands fringing the 20-nule-wide Bikini lagoon could be atomized The results of such a blast would probablv to be on intricate measuring instruments, many of them of automatic radio sending design, while observers staved far awa> Test structures, such as those used during the 1946 blasts of two A-bombs at Bikini, probably would be unable to survive an H-bomb explosion. The AEC's latest announcement came just three days before pre- liminary talks between .Secretary of State Dulles and Soviet Am- bassador Georgi N. Zarubin on President Eisenhower's proposal to pool some of the world's atomic materials- and .information for peaceful 'purposes. 1-Day Strike Series Called In England LONDON thousand key electricians, members of a union beaded by a Communist labor leader, voted today, to support their demands for.more pay with series of lightning one-day strikes throughout England next week. The strike wilLhit atomic energy stations and guided missile plants as well as airports, oil refineries, and steel factories. The employers' association the National Feder- ated Electrical coun- tered .with, a threat to lock out workers one day for each day on strike. Frank Foulkes, Communist boss of the Electrical Trades Union, said the men are "fully mobilized and at war stations" for the strike action. He said the threat of a lockout "is a challenge which will be met by the full resources of labor." Foulkes and other union officials refused to disclose exact plans, but said the strikes would be called so as to hit the employers' associa- tion, "where-it hurts most; but not the country.' The electricians are asking pay increases ;of up to 11 shillings a week. They now get an average of 9 -pounds 4 shillings and-four pence. a week. In addition to the strike by key electricians, the union plans to bring out another of its members on Jan. 18 in a one-day nationwide stoppage. The electricians staged a series of one day strikes last August. Tile action reflects the worst labor un- rest the Conservative regime of Prime Minister Churchill has yet had to face. Engineering and ship- building unions, "railroad-" workers, miners and building workers are all, agitating for .bigger pay en- velopes. Red China Boss Calls For Korea Peace Talks Tito Denies Secret Pact BELGRADE "Yugoslavia ifl President Tito firmly denied and denounced todaj claims that Yugo- slavia has entered into a "secret agreement mth Hussia He said such charges were designed to split .this country from the "West. His views were expressed in a written statement from his winter villa at Brdo, in northern Slovenia, concerning an article published in the U. S. magazine, the Freeman, this month. "The slanderous writing about an alleged secret agreement and understanding between Yugoslavia and the Soviet he said, began first ia Italy and then was spread into. other countries, Ger- many, the United States, etc. 18-Year-Old Vote Request Nothing New WASHINGTON tiie United States lowers the voting age to 18. as President Eisenhower proposes, it will fall in line with the practice cf-Mexico, Argentina, Turkey and the Soviet Union. Those are the only major coun- tries which permit their citizens to start casting ballots at 18. Mexi- co lets 18-year-olds vote only if they're married. Otherwise they must waiit until they're 21. Switzerland and Germany fix the minimum voting age at 20. Most other countries including Great Britain, France, Italy and Canada to the practice the United t States has traditionally followed! and set the voting age at 21. j Norway, however, makes its citizens wait until, they're 23, Hol- and and Finland insist on 24. Three Spain and a minimum Vo- ting age of 25. No country sets an upper age imit on voting. _ In this country only Georgia has owered the voting age to 18. The argument advanced there is the one Eisenhower invoked in Isst Thursday's State of; the Union message: "For years our citizens between the age of 18- and 21 have, in time of. peril, been summoned to fight for America. They should partici- pate in the political process that irodiices this fateful summons." Russia, says the Encyclopedia Britannka, lets 18-year-olds vote oh the: theory they're already in- dustrially productive and "the earlier the age at which one begins to vote, within reason, the sooner is one "politically .educated The U.S. Constitution does not fix the age of first vbtcrsj At pres- ent that's up to the individual states. What Eisenhower wants is amendment setting the age at18 in all states. NATO, in Sight of Jet Goal, To Build Fuel Supply System PARIS informants said todav that NATO, within sight of its goal of 160 jet airfields, will concentrate this year on laylna a communications network to link the bases and-a web of pipelines to supply them fuel. The sources said the December ministerial meeting of the JTorth Atlantic Treaty Organization voted approximately 224 million dollars for its 1954 infrastructure program building of permanent instal- lations needed to support NATO armed forces. The bulk of the sum will be used for the communica- tions and fuel supply systems. The airfields are almost al! com- pleted, and 120 are in operation. The United States will chip in about Ss per cent of the total amount spent on NATO installa- tions, according to a U.S. Defense Department report to Congress last May. Details of the building program for 1954 have not yet been pub- lished but it is authoritatively re- ported to include two big 10-inch fuel lines in France. One would start at the Mediterranean port of Marseille and follow the Rhone River valley about 350 miles north to area, where it would serve a group of NATO airfields. The other1 would start at the At- lantic coast port of ie Havre. Its terminus, has not been revealed. DOCTORS WONT LET Gl EAT RAZOR BLADES TOKYO GI is mad at Army doctor! because they won't let him eat his "favor- ite and razor Wades. Pvt. Clarence Brown, an cx- tarnlval performer from Fort Worth, Ten., is In Tokyo Army Hospital white .doctors ponder Sow to remove eight I0-penny iplkts that logjammed In his dilestive tract. 'Brewn eomplilned: "I've been doing It far fill me up llkt meat and po- NATO_said last September that was starting then to build 1.875 miles of pipeline over nine Western tilled-nations.-The svstem would be for the' use of all M NATO members. This network would be linked to the 400-mile line the United Staites plans to build across France to West Germany. The North Atlantic nations, de- cided upon the pipeline project in hoocs of saving millions of dollars that otherwise would have to be spent, in transporting oil, gasoline and lubricants by. rail and road. The lines will not serve individ- ual, airfields. they will feed big storage areas close to clusters of airfields. From these points the fuel will be moved by truck. GOOD TO EAT, Woo backs off, little frightened .and bewildered, a bit of his first chocolate sundae offered by Northwest Airlines stewardess Patricia Bees in boy, who escaped with his mother from Chinese Reds, flew alone from Hong Kong to Chicago to meet his parents, Mr. and 'Mrs. Billy Woo of Khoxville, 111.The mother joined aslI.S, citiien, earlier. Immigra- tiondetails delayed the boy'i trip.. Weather to Be Co'der Over Most of US. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Colder weather appeared in pros- pect for wide areas in the central and northeastern part.of the coun- try today; Freezing or below freezing tem- peratures-prevailed from Pennsyl- vania northvvard along the eastern coast and from southern Michigan and Wisconsin southwestward into Kansas and the southern Rockies: It was near or below zero over eastern Montana. North Dakota and the St. Lawrence Valley in New England. The cold air over the Northern Plains was expected to spread over most of the Midwest by tomorrow. Some snow also was in prospect for many Midwest states. Light snow and some freezing rain hit the northern Great Lakes region today. Snow and snow flurries fell along the continental divide from southern Wyoming northward. Temperatures rose over the Southeastern and Gulf states and northward through the Mississippi and Ohio Valleys into Michigan climbing 15 to 25 degrees in sec- tions of Illinois, Indiana and south- ern Michigan. THE WEATHER US. OF COMMMCI BUKEAIi ABILESE AND .VlCISrTY rather cold, SuMirdw nliht aad Sundmv. Hljh Stturdii? In low nisi" mar 30; Bifh STOUF "round 4CNOHTH CrSTRAb TEXAS M cloudy colder this uttcrnooo. tonight and Sunday, loimt 32-32 tooifht, WEST Purttj cloixtr to cloudy aud colder, occasional rain lower Valley eastward this altemoon and Loweit Pattundlt. South 20-30 upper Pecoi Valley eastward and M tonight. Sunday partly cloudy, colder Huta portion. EAST Cloudy, widely Kittend this afternoon and In south portion tonight. Colder tonight and Sunday, lowest north portion tonight Fresh to strong southerly on coast ihlRlnt to northerly SOUTH CISTBAI. TEXAS M cloudy, widely scattered north afternoon ana la tast and.aoulli portions tonight. Colder tonight and Suo- dav lowest northwest and extreme north tonight. Fresh to Wrong southerly vlnds on eoMt, shitting to northerly night. TIMPKRATUItW PrS. r. M. Sat. A.M. W Maximum Usmptraturt for ptrkxl in g.M a It. Minimum Kmptraturt tMlnvg a.m.: M. annul lait night lo, da ean before he broke off the negotiations last month. 2. That the U.N. General Assembly consider the problem but Chou attached a string: that Red China and North Korea non-U.N. "entitled" to send delegates, 3. That the forthcoming Big Four conference in Berlin lead to a conference of the five great powers to promote the settlement of pressing in- ernational problems." the ifth power would be Red China. The broadcast, billed as a state- ment on Korean issues by Chou, did not touch on "North Korea's denial a. few hours, earlier of an official U.S. announcement that it is negotiating informally to reopen the stalled preliminary talks. Much or Chou's long statement repeated blasts that the United States had wrecked the explana- ion program and was to blacie BIG JOB Eisenhower and Eisen- hower leave the Capitol after he presented his'State of the Union message to a joint session of Congress. Ike Foces Defect Oti of Program WASHINGTON HV-President El- nesses senhower faces possible defeat on about one-third of the broad legis- attye program he has outlined to Congress. Few lawmakers who commented on it would predict that substan- ially all of it would become law, mt "they generally -.seemed to feel hat Eisenhower had adopted a I smart sug- gesting 36 topics for legislative ac- ion'and mentioning others for la- :er reference.' They: found some-'.' hing for almost everybody in the state of the union message. Sen. said' in an interview he .thinks this over- all appeal will-help the Republi- cans retain contfol of Congress-in the November elections, even if Congress, ignores or defeats part of the But Sen. Monron- ey tD-Okla) remarked in a sepa- rate interview he.doesn't "believe a negative record will recommend the Republicans to voters in No- vember." Comment Favorable Presidential Press Secretary James C. Hagerty meanwhile said popular reaction to the President's message, as measured by tele- grams received at the White House through yesterday afternoon, was overwhelmingly'.favorable praising it and four criticizing it. While much of the Eisenhower program remains .to be filled .out by subsequent messages, there al- ready are strong indications that dozen or more of his proposals may either be shelved or radically revised by the lawmakers. And Sen. Capehart (R-Ind) dem- onstrated that members ot Con- gress are going to have sugges- tions of their own. Capehart, who heads the. Senate suggested to the CIO Housing Conference yes terday a billion dollar government program to help people buy homes with little or-no down payment, on 50 to mortgages. Eisen- hower said he -ivould have recom- mendations Jan. 25 including in- surance of longterm loans with small down payments, but forecast no such sweeping program as Capehart's. Farm Program .Monday Congressional lieutenants fully expect Eisenhower's farm pro- gram, to be submitted jn detail Monday, to be rewritten on the principle of fixed high level price supports instead of the sliding scale Eisenhower is suggesting. Meanwhile Chairman Aikcn (R- Vt) of the Senate Agriculture Com- mittee appointed a special sub- committee to investigate the rea- sons for the difference between farm prices and retail prices of agricultural products. He said there "may have-been .-manipula- tions." The controversy over Taft-Hart- ley law amendments, which Eisen- hower will outline ia another mes- sage Monday.-Is'likely to be sucli that enactment o[ any o! them is Despite approval of the idea many lawmakers apparently think there is little profit in attempting to write into law a presidentia suggestion that those convicted of conspiring in the future to over- throw the government be strippec of citizenship. Mixed Reactien The President's proposals to give voting privileges nationwide to 18- year-olds and to District of Colum- bia citizens also have arousec mixed reaction in Congress. Eisenhower's move revise the Atomic Energy Act to give U.S. al lies more information, and possi sly to authorize the sharing of ma- terials and know-how for an inter national pool for peacetime devel opments, face searching analysis and possible rewriting. Lawmakers don't yet know enough about proposed social ..se- curity changes, medical researcl aids and other suggestions for pub- lic, services to make .up their minds. But there is likely to.be opposition to his idea "lor govern ment reinsurance private health plans. for the break-off in the preliminary talks. The North Korean broadcast de- nied a Washington announcement that the United: States was' nego- tiating through intermediaries to resume the' preliminary talks at Panmunjom. denial of a U- S. State Department announcement came amid these other developments on the. Korean scena: 1. South Korea's foreign'mtaistei rebuffed- a blunt U.N. Commapc wamlnKand to threats this government might use armed ferce against Indian troops guarding anti-Communist prisoners in neutral zone compounds. 2. Four pro-Communist South Korean prisoners who refuse to re- turn home turned themselves over to Indian guards and asked to be sent to Communist Poland or Czechoslovakia. The Neutral Na- tions Repatriation Commission, of which Poland and Czechoslovakia are members, will act on the re- quest 3. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, com- mander of the 8th Army, said his forces are fully prepared to handle Korean and Chinese prisoners who are expected to leave their neutral zone compounds Jan. 23 with or without approval the NNRC. Elaborate Plant The 8th Army has made elab- orate plans to move the anti-Red prisoners south from the neutral zone after a.m. Jan. time the U.N. Command says they should be freed under armistic. terms. The Communist Command just as firmly insists the prisoners should be held until a peace' con- ference decides their fate. Negotia- tions toward setting up the confer- RED CHINA, Pi- 3-A, Col. 1 POLICE READY Union War May Close NY Docks doubtful. The administration faces a strong tight en increasing the debt limit, boosting postal rates and Hawaiian statehood, all old issues before Congress. It probably- will havt serious trouble getting ap- proval 'for wire-tapping and'wit- NEW YORK by rival unions today confronted the huge Port of Xevy York with the possi- bility of a complete shutdown until' one or the other union is driven from the waterfront. Police details along the docks were strengthened to be ready for trouble. The seething harbor situation was brought a degree nearer the boiling point yesterday with the an- nouncement by the AFL Interna- tional Longshoremen's Assn. that it would close the port if its rival, the old 1LA, now independent, strikes. Posing the threat, AFL-ILA Ex- ecutive Director Ace M. Keeney indicated his union was ready to seal the port, in such an event, until the HA' is forever driven from the docks. Lead Action Keeney said the AFL-ILA "will lead the longshoremen in action that will end only when the gang- ster rule of this port is completely and utterly destroyed." The old ILA-. which has threat ened an all-out dock strike if the National Labor. Relations Board acts against it in a bargaining election between it and the AFL- ILA, was kicked out of the AFL for failing to purge itself ,of racket- eering elements. A of votes is held by the otd'ILA'in the election which was held Just before Christmas. However, challenged ballots arc still under examination; and the outcome is in doubt. In addi- tion, the AFL-ILA has petitioned the NLRB to invalidate the elec- tion and hold new one on the ground oT coercion and intimida- tion by the ILA. Yesterday the ILA filed its own complaint with the NLRB, charg- ing unfair labor practices againsl Gov. Thomas E. Dewey and AFL President George Meany. Interftrrtd hi Election The ILA accused them of con- spiring to interfere with last month's bargaining election among the New York longshoremen. Dew- ey and Meany already have made the same 'accusation against the ILA. Dewey's office in Albany com- mented. "The governor never re- sponds to charges made by rack- eteers." Meany, interviewed last night by Ed Murrow on a CBS television program, said the ILA charge "puts me in distinguished com- pany." Another waterfront development yesterday saw the IIA and its Brooklyn leader, Tony) Anastasia, acquitted in fed- eral court In Brooklyn of Taft- Hartley Uw contempt charges. TV 47-jrar-oM Ana.Uiia the ILA were charged with civil and criminal contempt In a Brook lyn work Us! October at ter a Taft-Hartlty injuoctioa flvt-day (trite hr ILA. Bafchelor Joins Family On 1 sf Pass TOKYO Claude lor, the American war prisoner who renounced Communism and returned to Allied control, spent bis first pass today with the family of his Japanese wife. He has been in Tokyo Army hos- pital since ias returiTMew" Year's "ay. _ The parents and sister- of hit wife, Kyoto, greeted Batchelor warmly. He played witlLa cat and Kyoto had bought before their Shinto ceremony marriage five years ago. Kyoko had mentioned Hufcat, aef letters-to Batchelor wiick ne admits -played a big part in ius deciding to aslc repatriation. After some -prodding, Kyoto's father consented to have a family picture taken, even though he had made a pledge eight years ago not to after his son was killed in World-War n combat. He had made the pledge- because he didn't want pictures taken in surround- ings so familiar when his son was lto. The Kermit, Tex., soldier and his wife had plained to go dancing during his first pass, but their time was" too short. He left the'hospital just after noon and was due back at ILp.m. French Union Troops Start Counter-Dfri e In Indochina Sector HANGI.-lndocluna French Union forces with massive air sup- port have launched a counter at- tack from Seno in an effort to dis- organize troops regrouping for another at- tack onjhat central Indochinese strongpoint, a French army spokes- man .said tonight. Hard fighting' continued for a second day and into the night in the jungle between French Union and Yietmih troops north of Dong Hene, 25 miles northeast of Seno. Earlier today the FrenchT disclosed that new Red rebel forces had been sent into this area of central Laos to bolster the Vietminh troops who recently cut Indochina across its narrow waist. Jn fighting north of Dong Heat the French spokesman said minh troops had launched several violent attacks without denting the positions. The spokesman described the counterattack; from Seno as; aimed at hindering the regrouping of Viel- minh units preparing another ai- sault. Morris Oliver Heads City Auto Abilene Independent Automobile Dealers Association elected Morris Oliver as its president Friday night. Meeting in.the Chicken Shack, Association members also elected B. B. Hendrix as vice-president; and S. P. Floyd as secretary- treasurer. Sam Moser, outgoing president, became a director since by- laws stipulate that the outfoinf of- ficial shall hold tilt office of a director. Tom Blundell of fort Worth a speech to the dealers on how the Texas 'IADA aids them. Blun- dell is general manager at, state! association. Assembly to TAIPEH, Chiang Kil-shek today i mandate mmnMOlnf tbt National Ancttntr M, MMl Feb. It oivet a MW and ric. f 'V- j
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