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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 8, 1954, Abilene, Texas FAIR AND COOLER VOL. LXXIII, No. AHOcimted Prtu "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byron ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 8, PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS EVENING FINAL PRICE DAILY Sc. SUNDAY IOC TO E. Drake Abilene general agent for the Burlington Lines, greets J. B. Lamson of Chicago, director of the railway's industrial and agricul- tural department, as he alights from his special coach in Abilene Friday morning. Accomp- anying Lamson are A. K. Hepperly of steps, and Yvon E. Juge of Fort Worth right. (Staff Photo) fOR BURLINGTON BROCHURE Abilene Industrial Sites Photographed just a case at, trying to help the community and our- J. B. Lamson, of Chicago, director of the department of i Industry and agriculture of the Burlington Lines Railway, said in i Abilene Friday morning. describing a brochure which Burlington is issuing show- ing industrial sites located along the railway's routes. Aerial pho- tographs of Abilene will be includ- ed. lamson and other Burlington of- ficials were in Abilene Friday con- ferring with _ Commerce and others interested in promoting industry for the citj They are on a tour of the prin- cipal Texas towns along the line s trackage. "The idea of the trip is to look at our own properties and to make a survey on the develop- ment along the line in the past few "It's years." Lamson explained, all part of an effort to in- duce more industries to build on our line." The brochure, which will have aerial photographs, maps of the line's trackage through the areas, and explanatory copy, will be sent to businesses thinking. of building on the line, Lamson explained. "We're not out on a buying trip or booming anything.'1 Lamson em- phasized. "We're just looking over the situation to see what it is." Lamson and his parts' arrived in Abilene early Friday morning in a special coach and had not yet had time to look over the city when interviewed by a reporter. He was accompanied by Yvon E. Juge of Fort Worth, freight traffic manager of the Fort Worth and Denver Railway Co., a sub- sidiary of Burlington, and A. K. Hepperly of Denver, Burlington ag- ricultural agent. They started their trip at Tex- line in the Panhandle and are to go' on south to Galveston, visiting Fort Worth, Dallas and Houston en route. Lowest Profits AUSTIN'Hi' Milk ..companies throughout the nation are squeez- ing out a profit of only one-third of a cent per quart, or one and one-half, cents per sales dollar, an official of Texas Daily Products Institute reported today. A. E. Drake, Abilene general agent for the lines, was to be host at a luncheon at the Woolen Hotel Friday honoring the visiting offi- cials. He accompanied them on a tour of the city. This was Lamson's first trip to Abilene in "five years he said. His headquarters are in Chicago- He was interviewed in the com- pact little sitting room pi His vate railroad coach-Friday morn- ing Both he and Hepperly were wearing their overcoats since the had down, despite the balmy weather outside. Lamson explained his company's industry-promotion project as of mutual interest both to cities and railroad. Some of the land included in the brochure will be owned by the railroad, some by other business- es, and some will be land adja- cent to that owned by the rail- road where it would be feasible to run trackage, he explained. Whatever benefits come to the city, whether they are on com- pany rails or not. will also bene- fit the railroad, Lamson stated as being the idea behind the indus- trial; project. Industrial Zone Plat Approved By City Dads City Commission Friday morn- ing approved the plat of the 48.14- acre Section 1 of Abilene Indus- trial District, just outside the city limits in South Abilene. Approval had already been voted by the City Planning and Zoning Commission. The area is bounded on the south by Industrial Blvd.. en the east by Abilene Southern Hailway, on the west Grand and ex- tends north from Industrial about feet Abilene Industries Inc is the owner and developer. Mel Tnur- man is president; E.. L. Thornton, secretary, and Dr. Harold G- Cooke another member of the firm. Ordinance re-zoning, one-fourth block at the northeast4 corner of North 19th and Cedar Sts. if was voted on its second and final read- ing. Public bearing was held im- mediately before the voting, but nobody was on hand to express an opinion for or against. The zone is changed from E dwellings) to F (local Appointments pending on the city boards were postponed un- til a later meeting. AT SHERIFF'S SALE Fiddle Maker Gets Back Entertainer's Instruments "Old Joe" and another violin known only as Number 47 Friday morning were back in the hands that made them. Guy E; Gabbart of 3058 Pine. St. violin maker, offered a high bid of tlOO for the two instruments and a leather case and Sheriff Ed.Pow- ell. auctioneer, declared Gabbart the buyer. However, Gtbbart did not lave to back lip his bid with cash, held a Taylor County Court iUdgment of 'against'Alvls j. Underwood, to whom le had originally sold the vio- ins and case for about 5550. He lad sued to recover an unpaid S270. Underwood, a radio entertainer, accompanied by "Slim" Wallet, was among a group of 20 persons who gathered at the west steps of the courthouse at 11 a. m. for the sale. Willet opened the bidding with an offer of S25. Gabbart topped tills with a bid of S50. When Wil- let upped his bid to S75, Gabbart immediately bid _ Sheriff Powell tried to get other bids, asking individuals if i they cared to make an offer, and then accepted Gabbart's bid of S100. When it became apparent that Gabbart would be the successful bidder Underwood and Willet turn- ed and started to leave before the sheriff declared Gabbart's bid ac- cepted. Faces Demo Veto Threat Over Program ALL WANT MORE Tax Cut Proposals In Trouble Already IN TALK WITH MAN CALLED 'SOB' Truman Denies He Said7 Red Herring' About GOP Probing WASHINGTON UV-Former Pres- ident Harry Truman, defending his efforts to combat Communist sub- version, said today he never used the -words, to de- scribe Congressional spy hunts. Truman's statement was made In film for television showing, interview, with Drew Pearson, the Washington columnist Truman once ''S. O. B." herring" Incident oc- curred at a Truman news confer- ence on Aug. 5. IMS. It was on that Alger Hiss, a former State Department official, swore before, the House Un-American Activitlei Committee that he had never been member of the Communist party. Hiss WAS convicted later on charges of falsely swearing that he had never given secret Informa- tion to the Reds. Ho Is now serving five-year prison sentence. Pearson nskcd Truman In the In- (crvlcw: "There has been lot of talk about you laying that the Alger lllss indlctmunt was a red herring, What Is the fact on Truman replied; 'The facts in the'case are that in a press conference one morning, some youngv man bad never been at a press conference before, during the session cf the 80th Con- gress, asked me if the action of the Un-American Activities Com- mittee was not in the form of a red herring to cover up what the Republican administration in the 80th Congress had not done, and I said it be. that's where it started. T never made any statement that there was a red herring although the Republicans when they s re in power 'always' try to cover up their mistakes by attacking somebody or some Institution." Pearson interposed: "So you never even used the word, 'red herring.' That was the word used by the reporter and you said that it might be that Congress was try- Ing to cover, up' something." Truman replied: "That's right. That's correct. The press confer- itself will show that." An unofficial transcript of the conference that this Question was put.to Truman: "Mr. President, do you.think the Capitol Hill spy -hearings are a good thing or do you think they are a red herring to divert attention from the anti-inflation Truman replied that) he agreed with the latter view. Afterwards, Truman was asked v.-hethcr he might be quoted 'di- rectly... The unofficial transcript gives this as Truman's reply: "Yes. you can quote me They arc using this as a red herring to keep from doing what they ought to do." Questioned by Pearson about the loyalty program under his admin- istration, Thimaii said 490 persons wcrft-nismii'.sed on loyalty grounds and some wers separated 01 resigned or were denied employ- ment "because they were security risks." President Elsenhower said in his state of the union message yester- day persons have been discharged under his administra- tion's ucurily program. V WASHINGTON Ei- senhower's tax program fell far short today of satisfying strong ap- petites on Capitol Hffl for tax cuts in this Congressional election year. Almost to a man, both Republi- cans and Democrats on the House Ways and Means Committee, where all tax bills must start, called for more or bigger reductions than the President proposed. One influential Richard M. Simpson said to- day he would favor a sweeping slash of all excise on liquor and to 10 per cent. Rates on many Items now run from 15 to 25 per cent. Eisenhower, in his State of the Union address yesterday, declared 'further reductions in taxes can and will be made as additional reductions in expenditures are orousht gradually but surely into sight." But the President didn't- hint when, or where, new cuts might come. Toughest of All And he renewec! plea for Con- gress to cancel three billion dol- ars in annual tax reductions how set automatically for April J. These cuts would apply to corporation in- comes and excises on. liquor, auto- mobiles, gasoline, cigarettes, beer, wirie and sporting goods. House Speaker Joseph W. Martin Jr. (R-Mass) conceded the tax pro- Tarn probably would be the tough- est to enact among1 Eisenhower's mam proposals "I rather expect that is where we "will have our biggest he told re- porters; Out of 13 of-the 25 Ways Ha Means members reached for com- ment- only one Hep. Goodwin not call, for some" ax cuts'Tiow. The emphasis was heavy on cuts in excise or sales axes, indicating that is the field rhere the big battles may come. O.ld Age Tax Same Eisenhower .did not mention ex- cise taxes other than those sched- uled to decline April 1.-This could eave the door open for him to pro- lose cuts in a detailed tax and mdget message.- Con- gressmen generally" expected the administration to try to hold excise to present levels. The President did not renew his 953 request for Congress to cancel the jump from Hi to 2 per cent in be social security tax. which ook. effect Jan. 1- Administration ources said it was dropped be- :ause of a forthcoming program of higher benefits Ways and Means Chairman Dan- el A. Reed who waged a pectacular battle against admin- stration tax policy last year, said he was "delighted" at tbt Presi- ent's full support for a tax revis- on program now being developed ly the committee and the Treas- ury- This program is expected to re- iuce revenue about hrough a rewriting of the tax laws o remove alleged inequities. But Reed already has served no- ice he favors excise tax cuts and will strongly oppose extending the present top corporation income tax rate of 52'per cent. It is scheduled to drop to 47 per cent on April 1. Tersely, Reed said: "Those mat- ters will receive the attention of our committee as soon as its work on the revision program permits." That was expected to be weeks away, perhaps leaving little time to cancel the scheduled cuts before April 1. There were indications Reed would support the excise tax slashes to 10 per cent mentioned by Simpson, who played a big part in pushing through the administra- tion's tax program last year. Bringing all excises except liquor and tobacco down to 10 per cent re- portedly would cost 940 million dol- lars in revenue. The scheduled au- tomatic excise cuts would cost only 160 million more. Under the proposal Simpson mentioned, the new 10 per cent, rate would apply to furs, jewelry, j cosmetics, luggage, women's hand- bags, all admissions, photographic, equipment, light bulbs and safe de- j posit boxes (all nov taxed, at 20 per. to lighters, pens, me- chanical pencils, local telephone; calls and personal transportation (allnow 15 per and to long-! distance telephone calls (now 25 per Chairman Millikin (R-Colo) of, the Senate Finance Committee said he was encouraged by Eisen- bower's assurance of further reductions as finances permit Sen. George senior Demo- crat. on. the Finance Committee, suggested a compromise at a 50 per cent corporation income tax rate-ran idea also widely sup- ported by ways and means mem- bers. MOST DISAGREE IKE BEFORE CONGRESS .Nixon's bit sleepy Texas Delegation, Varies THE WEATHER C.S. DKrAFTMEXT OF COMMEKCK WKATHF.R BUKKAV ABILENE AND Fair toiny and tonight, cloudy cooler Saturday. Hljih' temperature Friday IOK Friday r.feht lo Kipii Saturday in x'ORTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Partly cloudy, mild this afternoon, turninE coM- cr west and north portions tonight, colder Saturday. WEST TEXAS: Partly cloudy, colder Pan- handle and Pm.so .a.rea this afternoon, coMer Saturday and tonight, EAST AND SOOTH CENTRAL TEXAS: ParUy rloudy to cloudy. mlM IW.1 after- noon and tontsht. tainlne colder Saturday. Ttars. P.M. Tri. A.M. 55 W H 'S3 '53 u Sunacl last ukht p.nu; SunrlH day a.m.: Sunset p.m. JBavomrler readtnc at p.ro. 71.01. Relative humkllty at. p.m. Maximum for period a.m., 71. Minimum lor wdlnc a.m., U, WASHINGTON dele- gation to Congress -varied consid- erably m their reaction to the President's address to. Congress yesterday. Sen Price Daniel said it TT; very fine speech Most of at I agree with but not with some points I don't agree with hu xaising the debt ceiling, or on ".the St. Lawrence Seaway or Hawaiian statehood proposals." Sen. Lyndon Johnson said he was "impressed by his statement that the nation's foreign policy programs have been successful'' but he wanted to study the mes- sage more before commenting any more. From the House, Rep. Ken Began of Midland said: "He put a canopy, not just- an umbrella, over the whole federal program He called for a continuation of the same Fair Dealish. things we've faced for years." Outdeilt- New Deal Hep. Wright Patmaa of Texar- kaaa said "he outdealt the Deal." Other comment, from among Texas' 24 members of Congress, all Democrats: House Minority Leader Ray- burn: "There were few, .if. any specific recommendations on major subjects." He added he wanted to see what specific pro- posals the President, submits be- fore elaborating. Rep. Poage of Waco, member of the House Agriculture. Com- mittee, expressed pleasure that the President had endorsed a strong up-stream flood control program. "But I am gravely concerned about his references to farm price Poage continued. "He seemed to indicate he is for 90 per cent of parity supports until after next November's elections, and then for none. I am for 90 per cent of parity both before and after elections." Everything in General Rep. Albert Thomas: "It took in; everything in a general way and dealt specifically on only two increase in the debt ceiling, which I am against, and proposing a vote for 18-year-olds, which I am for." Rep. Lyle: "His program is a great deal more ammtious than what I normally consider a Re- publican program." .Rep. the whole it was good speech, necess'arily lacking in detail which he did state will be submitted later." Rep Dowdy. "I regret he wishes to continue giving awav the re- sources of fius land'to foreign countries, which I feel would weak- ea rather Bep. Walter Rogacs: "It looks like the fight against Socialism is going to have to continue. The words may be somewhat different, but the tune is the :.the same Fair Dealish program of civil rights and socialistic re- forms." Bep. Mahon: "My over-all re- action to the President's views on defense .and an international, pro- gram is favorable. As to his do- mestic program, I want to see the details before commenting Rep. Bentsen- "The speech had familiar was a good Democratic speeclMnost of it sounds like a program I can sup- port." Rep. Thompson: "It is evidently aj.speech calculated to win bipartl- support, which is a wise ap- proach, considering that the He- mblicans have only a four-vote margin in the House and an even split in -the Senate." FROM GRENADE Soldier Dies Saving Buddy Farm Program Due First Fight WASHINGTON leader Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas said today Senate out- number Republicans by exercise a "veto" power on individual items of President Eisenhower's over-all legis- lative program. "The Democrats will give his program careful study, item by Johnson said after listening to the lengthy State of the Union message. He did not, however, spell out any plan of action he may have in mind. And Sen. Byrd gave indirect support to the President in the 1952 political campaign, said he will try to stamp the first Congressional veto on Eisenhower's request for an increase in the 275 billion dollar debt limit. The Presi- dent renewed it when he outlined his program yesterday to Congress. While Republican leader Knowland- of California was urging bipartisan support for what he called the President's "sound and forward-looking Democrats were gath- ering their ammunition for a blast at the administration's farm proposals due Stormy Path Seen for Ike's Supports Plan WASHINGTON storm clouds massed on the Capitol HU1 horizon today for a major feature of the new farm program Presi- dent Eisenhower will present to Congress on Monday. The 'President said in his mes- sage on the state of the union yesterday that he would propose that future farm program Be tuilt on the principle of flexible co new Monday. As reaction rolled in on the Pres- ident's 7.000 word state of the union he deliv- ered in 54 minutes yesterday in a Bouse chamber- so jammed that some Senators complained they lad to flared up over several issues. Divided Over Beside, the farm and debt limit proposals, lawmakers voiced sharp differences of opinion over tax re- visions, heavier reliance on atom- ic weapons, a plan to take citizen- ship away from those convicted of conspiring hcieafter to overthrow the government by force, and a. proposed Constitutional amend- ment to permit IS-year-olds to vote. Tins added up to seg- ment program that some Dem- ocrats tooK delight in describing Ooet was "gratified' ifedeed to note that the President las accepted and endorsed the basic objectives of both the New Deal and the Fair 3eal, the responsibilities of government for the prosperity i and welfare of the individual citi- zen." Fulfill Campaign Vows This was an allusion to Eisen- lower's proposals for expanding .ocial security coverage, advance ilanning for public works, federal for health plans, ex- ended unemployment insurance, ong-time housing loans and slum and federal aid for state ;chool building needs. Sen. Duff (R-Pa) said the rec- immendations indicate "the Presi- dent's firm intention to fulfill all his campaign commitments. Sen. Bridges (R-NH) voiced con- fidence the President's program would have erwhelming sup- iort, not only of all Republicans, but all'thoughtful Americans well." Sen. John Sherman Cooper (R- Ky) said the President "is assum- ng the leadership that the people want." He predicted enactment of most of the program. Foreign Aspect Okayed But Sen. Morse (ind-Ore) found he message only "a masterpiece guarantees; Coagitti FT. D1X. N. J. young and heroic sergeant lost his life yes- erday in protecting an Army rainee from a grenade explosion vbUe on a maneuver. of platitudes, therebv raising false hope." Significantly, perhaps, there was almost no criticism of the Presi- dent's discussion of foreign poli- cies, on which Secretary of State Dulles supplied additional details Sgt. Leonard 'Moran of South Bos- lin 2H hour closed session with the Senate Foreign Relations Com- mittee after the message was de- livered. Dulles told the senators that both the United States and Russia were having foreign affairs troubles.'but added: "As bad as our troubles are. I wouldn't trade our troubles for theirs." Dulles defended the proposal to withdraw two divisions from Ko- rea, explaining that additional South Korean troops are being trained. WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES STRONG Jose Velosco "Iborro has set up a strong man' regime in Ecuador, Page 5-A. IAUCETSAU. :lene High..School's basketball team opens district play at Odessa tonight! Page 6-A. IUSINBS, POPULATION.. EX- population and business stiowed growth in Ahi- during 1953. Page I-B HIAKINCS second day of hearings on marketing agreements held at WlrxHcr Hotel. Page 8-B. on, 22-year-old Korean War'vet- eran, was wounded fatally by the >last sfter he hurled himself be- the grenade and the trainee. 'vt. John D. O'Callaghan, 20, of York City. Army authorities said O'Calla- 5han apparently tried to toss a grenade out of a trench, but it hit he bank and rolled back into the lit with the two'men Moran leaped between the gren- idc and the private, snd then tried o kick the grenade out of the pit But the .grenade went off. and Mor- an died an hour later in the post hospital. In Boston, another Korean War veteran. John F. Norton, credited Moran with saving his life three years ago. Norton said Moran threw him to the ground while they were in- Korea, and shielded him from a spray of bullets that whined overhead. O'Callaghan suffered a leg in- jury in yesterday's accident. Moran had won a combat infan- try badge and three battle stars in Korea. Col. Hollock Cancels Air Base Inspection Col." II. R. Hallock Fort Worth district engineer with the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, has cancelled his slated inspection tour Saturday. Col. Hallock, said by telephone to 'Abilcnei Friday that he had put off the inspection tour of Abilene Air Force Base until later. U is being built under his office's sup- ervision. seauttors gave tlm., fleuliU- warm verrjal support Some were noncommittal; JUOIT voiced opposition. t _ Sen. Aiken chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee, aid Eisenhower wants "to get a farm program on sound, long range basis and from em- ergency treatment''' That was a reference to the wartime origin of the present fixed level props for major commodities. Aiken predicted eventual approv- al of the administration program. Anderson Agrees Sen. Clinton Anderson former secretary of 'agriculture, said in a separate interview that most farmers want to get away from, rigid price supports and the rigid them. controls which accompany On the other hand. Sen. East- land (D-Miss) said the flexible price support proposal already is as "dead as a doornail" Sen. Clements (D-KY) predicted it "wfll encounter very rough weather." Sen. Russell (D-Ga) will put it this way. "I do not agree with the Presi- dent's apnarent support of the so- called sliding scale farm program. In my opinion this nrogram will not achieve the much-to-beHiesired objectives he set forth." Approved in Rep. Albert a mem- ber of the House Agriculture Com- mittee, said the Elsenhower pro- posals "won't get anywhere." First written into law in 1943. flexible, supports had the bteking of farm leaders of both major par- ties. Both parties wrote endorse- ments into their IMS national plat- forms. But since that time, they have become a subject of sharp versy. 0nder the flexibls system, gov- ernment price guarantees would be high In times when supplies of crop were short or normal, so as to maintain or encourage increased production. They, would be low in times of surpluses to encourage greater consumption jir.d to dis- courage over-production. SUNDAY HEADLINERS IN REPORTER-NEWS Politics is getting started early this year. "And the Sunday Reporter-News will bring you reports on some of the local and district rumblings. And (if you'll pardon us) we'll be doing a little "brag- ging" on ourselves in the Sunday edition." Reporter- News staff writers and photographers have grabbed, off a big slice of the prizes in the annual Associated Press contests and these winners will be" annousesd Sunday. The Woman's Section of the Sunday paper will dem- onstrate pictorially that Mamma's work w never a-layout of'pictures showing just how busy a woman Mamma is. _ The Oil Department will bring a review of 1953 devel- opments in that industry in West Texas and the farm and other special departments will bring their usual complete coverage. Frank Grimes' editorials will be a. usuil strong point in the paper. And Associated Press and Staff will present the complete news'picture.
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