Thursday, January 7, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 7, 1954, Abilene, Texas PARTLY CLOUDY "vt, A mtitw OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byron FINAL :VOL. LXXIII, No. 205 Frat (AH ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 7, PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAIJ.Y Se. SUNDAY Ite ONE CANDLE IS ENOUGH Sam Rayburn of Bonham, House minoritv leader and top House Democrat, needs only one candle on the cake to prove he'was 72 Wednesday. The tirthday came right along with the re-convening of the 83rd Bill to Hike Cotton Acreage WASHINGTON bill hiking .the 1954 national cotton acreage allotment to acres was approved today by the Senate Agriculture Committee. Chairman Aikea (R-Vt) said the measure will be rushed to the Senate fdr consideration Monday and that it will be substituted on of the Senate for passed year by 'v wSalir" the effect of sending' the measure to a House- conference committee as Rjie: Senar? The bill provides for a base Acreage of 21 million acres, .plus Poll Tax Payment Pace Up Slightly A total of Taylor Countj- residents had indicated their in- tentions of voting this ye'ar when the county tax collector's office closed Wednesday. That was the number of poll taxes that have been paid since Oct. 1 last year. Rate of payment of poll -taxes has speeded up slightly since the first of the year, with 265 paid from Jan. 1 through 6. From Oct.j 1 through. Dec. 31, 1953. the tax collector's office is- sued 922 exemption certificates, Bringing the county's voting strength so far for this year to 3.173. Warm Weather May Leave by Weekend First hint that the warm weath- er of the past week may be leav- ing Abilene and vicinity came from the weatherman Thursday when he said a cold front early this weekend. The high Wednesday was 70 degrees, about" 10 degrees warmer than is normal for this time of year, and the forecast was for an- other high of 70 today. A year ago today the high and low was 70 and 36. comparing to within one degree of.Wednesday's high and low of 70 and 35. 315.000 acres as a national reserve, acres to., .and Arizona to keep'them from being cut more per cent from their 1952 cotiwT acreages and additional Stores to meet special htrrlship It also provides; in an individual Trnay- be the higher 65 'per cent .ot tnV'.'aye'rage planted to 'cotton the years or per cent of the highest area planted to cotton in any one of. those However, no cotton'-allotment can be higher thanoSO'per cent of-the total cropland in the :farm; Under another proviso a-.farmer who doesn't use any or all.of his allotment this year may surrender the unused portion to the county committee for re-allocation "in the county. County conimittees like-, wise may surrender unused-alloca- tions to the state committees. Ike Sees Prosperity, Taxes Cut. Atom-Geared Defense AMBASSADOR WARNS Italian Communist Strength Rising WASHINGTON Clare Boothe Luce has cautioned top officials here there is new danger, in Italy of slowly rising Communist strength, it was learned today. Mrs. Luce, who conferred yes- terday with President Eisenhower, is reported to be urging continued American economic and military aid to Italy to bolster its pro-West- ern government. Neither airs. Luce nor the Presi- dent, reliable sources said, be- lieves there is any imminent threat that Italy's already power- ful Communist party can seize power. Can Bs Solved The ambassador is confident, it is said, that the current political crisis caused, by Italian premier Giuseppe Pella's -resignation can be solved quickly without playing into Communist hands. However, sne is reported con- cerned about the long range threat posed to Italian democracy by the new. non-violent tactics adopted by Italys' Beds. By exploiting Italy's serious :ua- employment problem and pressurr ing non-Communist unions to co- operate in strikes, the Red leaders are reported to have gained added influence and prestige in Italy dur- ing the past year.. This opens up the grim possibil- ity.' she is said to-fear, that the Communists might actually be able'to take.over the country in a ryear if there is an unex- pected worsening of Italy's eco- nomic plight-" demonstration of American support for Italy's present govern- ment, the State Department late yesterday announced it was draft- ing "a substantial program" of de- fense orders for Italian .factories as well as a plan eco- nomic-aid. Figures. Not Disclosed No specific figures were dis- closed. But responsible informants said the combined program would total about 300 million dollars dar- ing the next six months. This would be some 40 million dollars less than Italy got during a similar period last year. Foreign aid specialists in the Ei- senhower administration believe (his amount should be sufficient for this fiscal year, provided follow-up program can be devised for the 12-month period beginning next July 1. Mrs. Luce. lias reported during her round of conferences here thai Russia is pouring millions of dol- lars into Italy to back up its dream of turning it Into a Communist state. 7 Killed, 7 Hurt as Navy Plane Crashes PANAMA, Panama Bl The flaming crash of a U.S. Navy photographic plane last night took the lives of seven men. One victim was dragged alive from the wreck- age and died today. Three of. the seven other sur- vivors were reported in critical condition. The four-engined bringing a photo reconnaissance platoon from Miramar, Calif., to the Canal Zone, -.vent down in. flames In jungle area near the Trajis-Isth mian highway; Capt, William A. Thorn, com minding officer at the Coco Solo -NaValTiase: the iUane had undershot by 2H miles destination near Colon, on the Caribbean side of the isthmus. He said Levi Anderson and James Hyatt, two farmers living near the crash areat did "heroic service" in dragging several of the injured men to safety from the flaming wreckage. The survivors were taken to Coco Solo Naval Hospital with severe burns. Names of the casualties .were withheld pending notification of next of kin. ARTICLES IN REPORTER-NEWS Scrapbooks for Civil Defense Clippings Go to City's Schools Several thousand serapbooks for Abilene homes are being delivered to the public schools this week, in which citizens are asked to paste a series of articles soon to be pub- lished in The Reporter-News." That was announced Thursday by Harry Dobbyn, 5eneral chair- man of Abilene's civil defense and disaster emergency relief organiza- tion. The articles will contain valuable information on what to do and what not to do in case a disaster oilier natural phenome- non or warfare strikes Abilene. Dobbyn said. They will begin, in the Sunday, Jan. 24, Abilene'Reporter News and continue for. flboiit 20 to 25 Sundays. All will. be in Sunday issues. Scrapbooks will be available to all school children at 25 cents each. They also may be obtained by persons who don't have'1'- school children. Such an individual should get a neighbor school.child to pick TOWNS URGED TO CUR SERIES Outlying towns of this .area were urged Thursday to clip out and save the series of civil defense and disaster relief arti- cles which The Reporter-News will begin publishing Jan 24-in Sunday issues. Harry Dobbyn, chairman of Abilene's civil defense and dis- aster set-up, said the informa- tion will be very helpful to other communities who desire to organize for relief of disas- ters. Abilenians will put the ma- terial into scrapbooks. up a scrap book for him or should go to any of the public schools and get one for himself. Price is 25 cents. The scrapbooks have hard cov- Timing Unsettled For U S -Red Talk WASHINGTON United States and Russia were agreed to- day on starting preliminary atoms- for-pcace talks in Washington, but the important question- ol timing was still up in the air. The Soviets announced the agree- ment last night In Moscow and the State Department quickly con- firmed it. Russia said its ambassador In Georgi M. Zarubln, would represent it at the talks to set a time, place ami subject mat- ter for full scale negotiations. No date was mentioned. The State an hour, announced Secretary Dulles "proceed at an early date lo lnvc the procedural conversa- tions." That was another goad to the Soviets to gel the talks going. Time Is short for Dulles, who U expected lo leave two weeks from today for Berlin and the Foreign Ministers Conference, there Jan. 25 tmoni United States, Ruuli, Britain and France. Dulles has been pressing for early negotiations ever since Presi- dent Eisenhower proposed. In his Dec. 8 address to Na- tions, that the world.unite to strip the. atom'.of "It's'military casing and adapt it to the arts of peace." the Eisenhower plan, atomic .materials and know-how would be pooled for peaceful pur- poses by the United States, UussU and other nations with .a contribu- tion to make. 'An International agency, under United Nations aus- would control the The hope Is that such International ef- fort might ultimately lead to con- trol ot atomic weapons also, Dulles tta: said he planned .to discuss the Idea with Soviet For- eign Minister Molotov at the Ber- lin conference, originally proposed for Jan. 4. Biit when Jhe meeting was postponed to Jan. 2S, he In- structed Charles E. Bohlcn, U.S. AnitMiMdor at'Moscow, to Ukt it up with Molotov. Last night's Soviet communique, reporting talks yesterday and last Thursday between Bohlcn and Mol- otov, said Bohlen sought prelimi- nary atom conversations in Wash- ington before Jan. 25 or at Berlin during the foreign ministers' get- together. At yesterday's meeting, the com- munique said. Molotov told Bohlcn Russia "considers it desirable" to Set going and agreed to start in Washington. There was no mention In the communique of the Soviet objec- tion that Eisenhower's plan does not go far enough. The objection. Dec. 21 when Russia first agreed to negotiate the plan, was that it provided for peacetime atomic development but offered no restraints against atom bombs. Russia said the bomb should be outlawed, much poison gas was, under International pledges not to ers. On the outside printed the words "Abilene Civil Defense and Disaster Emergency Rdief Pro- gram." "We want to emphasize the importance of all the people hav- ing these scrapbooks and pasting in the series of Sunday articles." Dobbyn said, "not only so they will know how the city will operate in case of a disaster but also for their own protection." Information in the series of newspaper articles will include: (1) What to do and what not to do when disaster strikes. (2) How to protect the food in the home. (3) How to purify the water. (4) Control of sanitation within the home when there is no water. (5) Emergency provisions for caring for.the-saniiation problem of babies in the home. (6) Best places to go in sase of a tornado. (7) How to protect one's self in his own home in a tornado. (8) Many ideas on building storm shelters and protecting one's self and one's family. WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES VIOLENCE GONE U. S. and Korean rift has, tcmnororily of least, been set- tled on the disposing of pris- oners of war. Pocie 3-A. McMURRY CAGERS HOME McMurry College's basketball team will ploy host to South- west Texas State tonight. Page 6-A. TAKE GOVERNMENT SERI- OUSLY Sen. Lyndon 8. Johnson tells of his experiences as he tours Texas. A SURE WAY.. To act your soles message before the buying power of this West Texos trade area is to use> the Sunday Wont Ad section of The Sunday deadlines: Word Ads: Saturday Noon. Spoct Ads: Friday Noon. You con call 2-7841 gnd your ad over Jeltphone. BUSS FOR THE GOVERNOR Ann Bryant, Dallas polio victim, kisses Gov. Allen Shivers after gov- ernor signed a proclamation declaring January as March of Dimes Month. At right is state March ot Dimes chairman R J: Smith. NO OPINION GIVEN Court Denies Plea To Oust Laughlin AUSTIN Supreme Court of: Texas today refused 'to order immediate suspension of 79th Dis- trict Judge C. Woodrow Laughlin of Alice prior to a'decision on re- moving him from office. Suspension "without further mo- tion" had been sought in the high court yesterday by the. same 11 attorneys who had brought earlier court action to remove Laughlin I from T office.. i The .Supreme Court's overruling I of .the-motion was withojit written opinion. It followed a brief-, early-! morning -conference of the appel- j ate judges. The petitioning attorneys had i contended suspension pending the court's final decision on whether to remove Laugnlin is authorized by the state constitution. Such action, they added, would protect the peaple of the 79th Judi- aal District against possible con- tinued practice of the acts for which the attorneys think Laaghlin should be ousted from'office. Justified by Findings the district are'Jini Wells, Duval, Brooks, and Starr. The 11 attorneys said suspension of Laughlin. is. justified by four indings of .District Judge D. B. Yood, who was appointed by .the Supreme Court as master to hear testimony during the month-long removal hearing last summer. Those findings, they the following: 1. That Laughlir. showed partial- ly toward certain individuals or groups on' several'occasions.' 2. Laughlin's acts constituted of- 'icial misconduct; on his: part' as district judge. 3. Laughlin's acts constituted! a portrayal of such habits and con- duct on his: part as to rentier him unBt to hold the judgeship. 4. Lsughlin's acts constituted op- iression on the people of Duval 'Favored Parr Party' Specifically. Wood had reported o the Supreme Court last month n his 65 pages of findings that Laughlin obstructed investigation of the Alice slaying of Jacob S. Jr.. improperly released )uval County ballots, and was un- ustified in naming a judge to hear cases in which Laughhn himself was charged: Wood also found that Laughlin by releasing the Duval County bal- lots, "showed partiality toward, and was motivated solely, by a de- sire to favor, George and his political party." Parr long has been identified as the political boss of Duval County. THE WEATHER C.S. DXrAKTSETr OF COMMERCE WEATHER IHIRK.UI ABILENE ASD VJCIXITV FurUy loudy tonlrtt, bccomlns nosBs cloudy 'Tiaay. Rigti Thursday 0. low nboK !5. XOSTH CEXTRAI, TEXAS: nidlntsi ailM Tharsdty. -TrUly mostly etoudj- mIM. WEST TEXAC; Incrtislap elaadlaess mud Thursday. Frldny mostly cloudy. JO Pwe EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: mild -Thursday. Friday mostly and mild. TKMPEKATVKCS TVfd. P.M. Ttiurs. A.M. <s "0............ SJ.......... "wo so H M <0 Sunsrt last nteht p.m.: Surrlse to. a.m.: Sumet tonmtit ffaromettr rcadtnc at p.m. afclt. Drlatlre humWiy at p.m. 3S Maximum (w pfrkwl a.m., T- 3ltntmum for ptrtod radin( Burglary Wave Suspects Held Four young men, arrested early Thursday morning by Patrolman Clovis Peables, were being..ques- tioned .by police in connection with the recent wave of burglaries hero, Detective Lt George Button said one of the revealed stealing a set of. auto fender, skirts Wednesday night and had accom- panied Sutton to.a car from which they were taken. Police were seeking Thursday morning to learn who is the owner of the car from which the skirts were stolen. All four suspects remained in city jail. Peables arrested two of'them at a vacant house in the south part of Abilene, after police headquar- ters received a tip that they had spent the night there. .The fender skirts and a Cadillac hub cap were found in their car. The other two men were ar- rested by Peables in. another auto- mobile. Three of the suspects are Abi- lenians, and the other is a former Abilene resident now living in Oklahoma, police said. A soft drink box was broken open Wednesday night at the Jack J. Roberts service station, 1941 South Treadaway Blvd., bringing to 12 the: total 'Burglaries here since New Year's Eve. The bur- glar got 75 cents in money and about 20 bottles of Coke. Sewer Lines Report Critical Report from Joe E. Ward. 'Wich- ita Falls consulting engineer, on his firm's investigation of recently installed sanitary sewer lines in Abilene has been received by the City. Commission....... It will be presented at an official commission meeting in the near future; Mayor C. E. Gatlin said Thursday, Members arc studying copies of ihe report in advance.of its con- sideration in regular session. Ward was given a contract by the commission' to investigate 'sev- eral specific sewer projects. He was to determine whether the contractors did the work according to" city cpeclficattons and whether the city is entitled to damages for any faulty performance. His report Is critical of some at the construction. Troubled Tyranny Hailed in Message WASHINGTON President Eisenhower, said today new tax cuts "can and will be made" and he told Congress America's defense plans are geared to use of atomic weapons ''if they are needed to preserve our freedom." The Ms state of the union Message, outlined i program he said would build the military might of the United States, bolster other free nations against communism, and maintain a healthy economy at home. Proclaiming encouraging developments :in-the struggle for global peace, Eisenhower said in a address pared for a joint session of the House and Senate: "Slowly but surely, the free world gathers strength. Mean- while from behind the Iron Curtain, there are signs that iyranny is in trouble and reminders that its structure is as jrittle as its surface is hard." to Fight Any Recession Tn his address to -an election rear Congress almost evenly di- vided politically, the President also: a Federal spending mdget of about for the fiscal vear starting July about 12 billion dollars less than he original Truman administra- tion budget for the current year; for legislation to stop U- S. citizenship .franf Communists convicted of conspiring against the [overnment in the future. thitmore than been separat- ed from Federal Jobs unuer the Eisenhower administration's new security" program. The previous to- tal, announced last Oct. 23, was 1.436. plans combat any business recession or depression, but again declared the nation's economy fe "basically sound, and said his administration is deter- mined "to keep it growing." a Constitutional amendment to give Americsii youths the right to vote at 18 years of age instead of 21. foreign -military aid must be. continued, but that eebf nomic aid can be cut except in Korea "and a few. other critics! places." that the special farm message he will send to Con- gress Monday will call for a new government price support program "with enough to at- tract Jhe production of needed sup- plies of essential commodities and to stimulate the consumption o( those commodities that flood- ing American markets." His "sup- port of a flexible price support pro- gram was certain to divide fann- ers as well as Congress members. Continental Defense Expanded Jof'sn crease in the federal debt DOW 275 billion dollars. The House approved his request for a 15-biI- lion-dollar hike last August, but the Senate Finance Committee reject- ed it. amendment of the Atomic Energy Act to permit shar- ing with "our allies certain knowl- edge of the tactical use of our nu- clear weapons." that during the next fiscal year the U.S. will spend nearly a billion dollars more for continental defense than during the current year. again for expansion of he social security program to cov- er 10 million more Americans, and or a substantial increase in bene- fits. extension of unemploy- ment compensation to QVs million workers not now covered. caHy Sound in need 'of provements he will recommend in e. Monday.' the controversial Congress. GOP's Margin of Control Slim a Advocated ,a of 'lim- ited government reinsurance serv- ice" to permit private and non- profit hospital and medical insur- ance companies now operating to offerV'brqader protection to more of the many families which want and should have it-" He promised to elaborate in a special message Jan. 18.-- again for Congres- sional approval of the St. Law- rence Seaway vital to national security. Senate passage of House-approved bill to grant state- hood to Hawaii. Eisenhower went before the leg- islators just 24 hours after opening of the second session of the 83rd His message, carried to the na- ion by television and radio, came at the start of a political year which will be climaxed by the No- r-ember Congressional elections. Republicans now hold only a slim margin of control at the Capitol ind the- Democrats are hope- ul they can slip into the sad- dle. Meanwhile, the administration must win some degree of support rom the Democrats for any suc- cess in putting through the program Eisenhower said has one objective building of a stronger .zaerica." He told the legislators he be- lieves "both our great parties" :an back it. As for tax cuts in addition to the income tax reductions and ex- tiration of the excess profits levy i-hich were effective Jan.'1, the 'resident said: "Future reductions in-taxes can nd will be made." But he conditioned reductions on the spending cuts he predicted. At another point he declared: "Despite the substantial loss of revenue in the coming fiscal year, resulting from (Jan. 1) tax re- duction now in effect and tax ad- justments which I shall propose, our reduced spending will move the new budget closer to ance." The President said the tax re- vision program will be set forth in detail in his Jan. 21 budget mes- sage. Informed sources have pre- dicted cuts totaling about VA bit lion dollars annually. Calling today for a thorough re- "vision of the entire tax structure, Eisenhower declared: "We should now remove more glaring tax inequities, par- ticularly on small taxpayers: re- 'duce restraints on the growth of small business; and make other changes that will encourage mitia- enterprise and production." U.S. Has Initiative, Will Keep It On the other side of the picture, lowever. the President said again trat corporation income taxes hould be kept at the current rate f 52 per cent for another year instead of being allowed to drop o: 47, and that excise taxes on uch items as liquor, tobacco, gas- line and sched- led for an April 1 be maintained at; prevailing -rates. On the foreign policy and nation- al defense fronts, where Eisenhow- r already has made an open bid or cooperation from the Demo- rats, he-said America has gained he initiative during the last year n the struggle'against commu- means to keep it. "American he dc- lared, "is threatened so long as le world Communist conspiracy xists in its present scope, power nd hostility." Referring to his Dec. 8 United Nations .speech calling on Russia o join with, the U. S. :and .other tomic powers in creation of an nternotibnal atomic pool for leaceful use, the President said: "A truly constructive Soviet re- ctlon will make possible tart toward an era'of peace, and way from the fatal road toward tomic war." la hit prepared ttxt, Eisenhower took no note of Moscow's announce- ment last night of willingness to join the United States in discus- sion of, the President's proposal in Washington, Today s -message- in three main sections dealing with protec- tion of "the freedom of our peo- maintenance: of a strong, growing economy, human problems of the individual In first section the President reviewed the world situation and found it encouraging. He said the United States is prepared to meet any renewal of armed aggression in Koren, that American bases in Okinawa will be maintained indef- initely. that he will ajk Con- gress to authorize "continued mili- tary assistance" to Indochina. "We also shall continue military and economic lid to the Nationalist government of be uid. The President again atresaed the desirability of byinf Uw Euro- pean DvfeaM Army Into btinf. The PreaidMt MM Mtr. Cm, Brownell loon will (o beion gressional committee! to mend "needed aiMltknul wrap with whlciu to combat