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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - April 5, 1945, Abilene, Texas I'1, VCiL liXIV, NO. 285 A TKAS HIWAM1 VTHOLTT OR WITH OFFENSE TFRJENDS OR FOES. WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, MORNING, APBIL 1945-SIXTEEN PAGES Associated Press (AP) Vnltet Pres, IVP) PRICE FIVE 3d Army Closing in on m.: ,i By The Associated Press [A.new American invasion in the Philippines arid fresh advances for Yank soldiers and Marines of the 10th Army'on strategic; Okinawa officially .reported by Army.and coinnianders late Wednesday. Geri. Douglas MacArthiir 'announced invasion of island, in the'central Philippines against little resistance, while Fleet Admiral Chester: W. Nimitz Marines and Doughboys on Okinawa were meeting only scattered opposition as they pushed their.lines forward in all sectors. -'Elements of the 40th divi- siori landed on Masbate, the main water ping lane through the Philip pines. Aided by guerrillas, they were rapidly securing the entire island. _. _ On -Okinawa the Yanks, pushing "toward what may mean a real scrap in Uhe south, have met little fight in ..taking 80 square miles or one- sixth of the island .which lies only 325'miles.sputhwest of the Japanese The 10th army was In control of a large slice of the coastlines of two eastern Okinawa bays Klmmu and-Nakagusuku. The eastern coast from Yaka, on. the, north; to Kuba, on'the south, was In Yank hands.. The American 'battle line, .cutting Tthe. island In two, now extends'to Japanese pillbox from city- of Okinawa, and.Us big airfield.: Japanese 'troop1 aji'd vehicle con- centrations were blasted by Naval guns and .carrier aircraft-: The Yank invasWit fleet fu the ofcject of several small Jana- ..nese air attacks during .early morning hoars. Four Rising Sun planes-were. shot'downiy To ttte riortheait the'v Japmnoe airforce. .aw" Radio abimbwledgied --that the Yank iOtli army..'Has'CUt Okin- (fcawa-iivlwo by .driving'' west east it. made Hje un- confirmed claim that. Ariierican a -.battleship, .four cruisers and six transports. were sunk off Okinawa. Stressing the importance .of .the American advance to the southern end of the Sulu archipelago, report- ed: MacArthur said this strike' to within. 30 miles Borneo the last line 'in the- chain of blockading airfields" that reach .thousands of miles fronvthe Phillp- to New Guinea. ThuS, lie said the Japanese are cut off from their conouered holdings in. the south and the rich Dutch East Indies are Iso- lated for exploitation.. The general reported progress on .other Philippine fronts, including ''the klands.bf Negros, Cebu and Lu- Mn' Philippine-based heavy bomb- en, with fishier escorts, hit he Hongkong dock areas, it was the: first Hongkong strike from the .1 Philippines. Other Yank fliers, on China sea blockade flights, sank a ton-, tanker and sbt The lifting 'of a security blackout British operations in Burma s on Arakah region brought the _ Indian troops invaded the west coast March 13 and advanc- ed 'miles to seize Taungup, 19o miles northwest of Rangoon. Taun- gup was the chief Japanese supply center, for the western Burma coast- With the battle of central Burma virtually -ended, British troops in that sector were mopping up on re- mnants of a Japanese force esti- mated at some a month ago. Disorganized Japanese bands were escape from the re- j p jon. Allied planes blasted airfield in- stallations in lower Burma and hit two. bridges on the Burma-Thailand railway. The Chinese high command re- A.ported new successes against the in southwestern' Honan and northern Hupeh provinces. A Japanese military commentator, stating that a huge British war fleet had 'entered the Indian ocean from ihl Red sea, predicted British am- Jtphiblous operations against southern Burma, Malaya and the Netherlands Indies. Vinson Confirmed 'Quickly by Senate WASHINGTON, April Fred.: M. Vinson, 55-year-old Kcn- tuckiah, was confirmed unanimous- My by'the Senate today ns Director ol -Mobilization and Reconversion. Sle'pping tnc position held F. Byrnes until he re- sighed Monday, Vinson is not ex- pected to make any. abrupt changes Immediately in the general policies fltjf .his. predecessor. Under- Byrnes Job became unofficially known president." Members tit the 'Senate finance committee questioned Vinson for nearly an hour behind closed doors .jiils-'morhlntt before eleirlnj his Domination to the Senate, INITIAL NIGHT SESSION? "AUSTIN; April to hack their calendars down to working size in the remaining one-third of'the ses- sion, both House and Senate of night tonight, to dispose of'.long -lists of' local ;and Tax ST. LOUISi April 4 Inde- pendent petroleum operators and representatives'; of the. oil industry from.' 23 states agreed today tq con- sider pceslbilltSr'b'f seeting'Vp.e a 'affecting the in- dustry's1 Forty-three operators, members' of a specialicommittee'representing the nation's independent petroleuni as- sociations, discussed ,the possible ef fi-ts of a circuit court of appeals de- cis.'on 'at 'New. Orleans March 6 which held invalid an 'internal, rev- enue .department regulation. Under die- regulation operators could deduct, from gross income cer- tain1 expenditures preliminary to drilling wells, referred .to 'as' ''in- tangible development ,or charge them to: capital investmente. The court- decision woulS'rcqnire the small operator to pay taxes on. each well'si total investment instead .of on income returnable through de- pletion-over 'a period of The time and manner of ing Ihc special legislation was left to- the committee and its 'co-chair- man, Russell Brown, general. counsel .for the Indenendeht Petroleum' Association, and J. C. Hunter, Abilene, Tex., president of tho Mid-Continental Oil arid Gas association. Brown told the committee the court decision has.upset the drilling program more than anything in the industry's history, causing many in- dependent operators to cancel drill- Irie contracts. decision may not affect pro- duction for three or four montlis but after that it will fall Brown The Weather v. s. nr.rAimir.NT or COMMERCE WEATHER-BUREAU ABILENE ANn VICINITY: frost Innifhi with-lowest temperature 28 derree.s: Thursday fair and warmer. EAST TEXAS: Fair and warmer Thursday and Friday. WEST TEXAS: Friday. 1 TSMPERATURES Thursday and 51 SI X7 so or 48 .54 <4 Hllh nd low temperatu 4< '41 to II -p. Ilijrh and loir same dale last year: uncontested .bills. .The scramble' for. considera- tion .of bills already: approved by-committee butburie.d.deep on' the calendar evident in both branches of the Legis- lature. The Senate turned down two requests for special setting's ip advance -measures and the House granted but the. Senate indicated it was of a mind to .dp .very Jittle more advancing. The House kept alive an effort to repeal.all tax remission .report; a ReP- 'Hlv.Jf-' This bill h'ad ihr M affairs, cbinftlttee. The ;3enite got. into; a debate phases-of the' New Deal in considering, 'two House-passed bills keep .control of insurance .companies, In state hnnds, in view of the recent United States supreme court's decision holding in- surance .to be .in :interstate, com- merce. No. action was taken on tlie bills, but: they .remain at the head of the calendar.. for -further consideration tomorrow. Sen. W. E. Stone of Galveston told ilie Senate that unless some type of legislation Is enacted, the state stands A chance of.' Iwinr in taxes an- nually From out of state com- panies that are now paying un- der protest. Debate was cut 'off when the House nnd Senate went into joint session to hear Maj. Gen. Richard Donovan. commandiiiB general of the Eighth Service. command. Tills'also delayed .the House in gettinc to a long calendar of Sen- ate .bills, and held up consideration of the .judiciary .appropriations bill which had been given priority bv a rules It probably will be brought before the House to- morrow. Both Houses Whip Through Measures AUSTIN, April a little more, than an hour the'Senate in its first night session of the term whipped through 25 local.and un- contested'bilk. The House in a little more than an hour finally passed 12 local bills, and faced a long grind into the night in considering a lengthy list of local and uncontested bills. Legislation approved in the Sen- ate ran the gamut from salary raises for county employes in cer- tain counties 'to a ban on fishing and hunting in certain population bracketed areas. TEXAN RECEIVES BABE Wilbraham A. Hoffman of-Carrieron displays; the .Citation w'hich acc.ompanies the. rare Huachpw Medal (shown on blouse) he received from John ''W. Midland; Army' air field cbmman'deivon behalf of Generalissimo, Chiang Kai-shek of China. The medal and undaunted spirit' in action arid.for achieving excellent destroying enemy tar- missions as bombardier-navi- gifibr; against the Japs iii Captain Hoffman also :holds Flying Cross.-and Air Medal. He is an in- stcuctp'r bombardier b'ase. (AP Membership committee of Abilene chamber of commerce meet .Friday morning at 10 o'clock, Charles Green, manager, announc- ed.' Nib Shaw is chairman of the committee. APRIL 21 SET FOR PICKUP OF CLOTHING FOR EUROPE April 21 was set ns day for. cloth- ing pickup In Abilene the Unit- ed Nation's clothing collection at 'a meeting Wednesday' of the local committee, headed A.-UiiRren. 'In charge of the pickup will: be the three service clubs, Lion and and'the Amer- ican Legion. Area from the west ildc of Peach street West to the city limits and north to the railroad will be under Ihc Klwanls. The Up- tnry club-ls'td handle the east side of Peach'east to the city limits and north to the railroad and isuO to the country club addition. The'Le- gion will liave the east side of Hick- ory from the rnllvad north to the city limits. Handling the west side of Hickory from the railroad north, including North Park, 'will be the Lions, club. asked person; not .expect- ing to be in town April 21 to de- liver their own used clothing to the .Pollock.paper company, 209 Otherwise, clothing will be picked up from''.the curb. ;Articles of a-sult should be tied together arid all shoes tied in pairs to simplify the work of-sol ting and packaging, the committee decided. Sorting- and packing will be handled by the four clubs mentioned and Junior chamber of commerce andyvarious' organizations.' "Although' the' clothing need not be pressed, It must be cleaned before bundled for pickup. BylThe Associated Press .Temperatures tumbled'in Texas to as low as 12 degrees yesterday afe a biting norther followed close on the heels early-April tornadoes, cloudbursts, hailstorms and floods. Rising temperatures are forecast for most, of the slate later today, following a pre- dicted sharp drop before dawn which the weather bureau said could be. as cold as yester- day's sub-freezing mercury readings. The cold wave swept southeast- Mid-Continent By The Associated Press Heavy snow, bitter cold, high winds and. flood waters harassed the mid- coiitirient yesterday. Wintry intrusions' the spring season, well advanced by abnormally warm March weather, threatened fruit crops, blocked highways, clos- ed rural schools and disrupted travel. Snowfall ranged up to 17 inches in Minnesota, tile worst April .stonn since. -192R. Northern and western Iowa had 'as. much as 16 iilch.es. There .was .a .14. inch cover in .Neb- raska. .Northwestern Wisconsin and upper Michigan had at least 8 inch- es. A 'Rocky Mountain storm left up to '14 .lrrcb.es' In .Colorado nnd Wyoming, -accompanied by. 17 below zero weather at Lnramic, Wyo., and 14. below'at "Leadville, Colo. There .was also some snow in New Mexico. Texas, Missouri and Kan- Freezing weather extended as far. south, as Texas, where a low of 12 .was reported from pampa. Guy- Okla., had. a Ipw'of 17. Chicago weather bureau forecast- ers, said .the snow was clearing out for. the most: part but freezing wea- ther w.ould -continue todayj in the mid-west, the plains and the south- west. Ftuit apparently was the most en- dangered of 'the crops. F. H Hop- pert, Nebraska.-'agricultural college horticulturist, said the t.em'peratur- es, around 15 expected there early to- day would "take .practically, every- thing" in" fruit' line, '-including 'peaches, plums, pears, cherries -and early apples. High" Waters, Bring R'ehewed; Damage ORLEANS, April MV- Inundated farms, refugee camps, drowning livestock' and bee-busy saiidbag crews marked the courses of- lesser Arkansas and -Louisiana riv'drs 'tonight, and 'on the Mississip- pi 'engineers made ready to turn a part. of -the flood .through the 1.000 square mile Atchafalaya basin. Although the Mississippi was at flood stage .or above from Iowa lo the' Gulf of 'Mexico, 'greatest' im- mediate nnd ex- isted along swollen tributaries whose crest waters 'will reach the big river during the next two weeks. Brig. Gen. Max C. -Tyler, of the U, S. engineers at Vicksburg, Miss., announced that 24-hour patrol was being maintained on all main line levees from Cairo, 111., to- the gulf and'thXl sandbagging and auxiliary levce'-ratalng -jobs in' progress over-i wide area, ward from the Panhandle, bringing snow to some Texas areas and sub- freezing temperatures and rain to others. A low of 12 degrees was reported at Pampa, while Dalhart had 13 and Amarillo 14, Gardens and fruit crops in the' Eletra area were damaged as the mercury, fell to 26. Greater damage was predicted. Wichita Fall'! also reported slight damage to fruit and gardens. Rain fell there, .18 inches being reported with the 30-degree temperature. Other low readings yesterday in- cluded Lubbock 20, clarendon Harpcrsville 31, Abilene 32, Bi? Spring 29, Midland 29, Wink 31. Dal- las 38. Fort Worth 35, Gainesville 34, San Angclo 34, Austin 47, Waco 42, El Paso 33. The frigid blasts reaching Hous- ton, early in the day sent the mer- cury to 37, lowest since Jan. 29. Prior to tile arrival of the norther .the weather bureau reported a summery 73. High water, wind, swift currents and driftwood conspired to tie up two ship cannel ferries. A sharp rise in the San Jacinto river was report- edly responsible for the breaking loose of a string of barges and to have, sunk the small tug Terrell. Coastguardsmen later retrieved the bargee. Cattle losses in the San .Jnpnto flood were feared heavy by Joe Kil- gore and Ernie Dittman of Crosby who reported that they had lo-it 100 head each. Other herds were re- ported by Fred Lintclman of Crosby to be trapped In the watery low- lands. The cold wave did not extend to the lower Rio Grande vaiiny. but [lie weather was not mild there. A small craft warning was issued, ex- tending from Brownsville to St Marks. Fla. The forecast for east Texas was for a low of 28 to 32 degrees in the northwest and extreme north por- tions, with hcfivy frost In the north and slight 'frost In the west central portion, followed by fair weather, rising temperatures and diminish- ing winds. Ask Boost in Pay NEW YORK, April Tile United Mine Workers todiy asked a 25 per. cent salary Increase of workers In the Hard coal field. The miners also demanded a roy- alty of 10 cents .per ton, as they did In the bituminous negotiations, nnd asked severance pay for suspensions, dismissals and layoffs. Underground Factories Vital Airfields Overrun PARIS, Thursday, April S. Third-Army tank forces, breaking into the opern Thuringian plain, captured Kassel, Goilin and Siihl yesterday and closed in on Erfurt, 130 miles southwest of Berlin in their swift race to split the dying Reich. In the north, British armored forncs hurdled two major river barriers, the lower Wcser and Ems and plunged on toward the great German North Sea ports of Bremen and Emden. '.One force pushing into Liri- LAST GERMANS CLEARED FROM HUNGARY BY REDS LONDON, Thursday, Russians cap- tured Bratislava, cleared the last Germans out of Hungary and fought into Vienna's southern suburbs yesterday in a day of sensational successes all along the southeastern front. Father, Told Son aps, Tries to Enlist Fred Halloway Bnrr of Sagorton was in Abilene yesterday attempting to enlist in some branch of service for combat duty, following receipt of a Navy department message that hi.s son, rrcd Ncal radioman first class; TJSN, was killed In action' in. the Pacific.. served In .we1 Navy in the'Pacific from 1012-15, 'liis age 'prevented his enlistment Ho operates a'service station in Sagcr- ton, Mr. and.Mrs. Barr received. the message Yesterday with the'request that they not divulge the name of their son's ship or station. Date and place of his dentil were not given although the message from Vice Ad- miral Jacobs, chief of Naval person- nel, stated he wa.n buried at sea with full military honors. Radioman Barr was born in BrecKcnrldgc March 1, 1923- He. at- tended school nt Sagorton, Rule and was graduated in 1940 from'Floyd, N. M. high school. in Jan. !941, Barr trained-at San Diego and was at Pearl Harbor at the time of (he Japanese attack. He also served on an air craft carrier in the Atlan- tic. When on leave in December, following the battle of Leytc, Barr wore battle stars for eight major engagements including Coral Sen, Midway, Sinran and beyte. One letter anil an Easter greet- ing card have been received him this week by I he parents. The two had been sent about 22 days ago. Fair, Warmer Expected Here Fair and warmer wen (her is the welcome prospect for Abilene and vicinity Thursday although a heavy, frost wns expected in the early morning with a low temperature of 28 degrees. County Agent Elmo Cook said last night he believed only victory gardens nnd fruit would be affected by the frost. "Mast victory gardeners warned earlier of the impending frost, pro- tected their gardens. Tomato plants sliould have been covered or they 'il! be damaged Livestock will not be affected by the cold weather. There Is an abundance of grass and water this year, and they are in no danger. Nothing growing in the fields is ex- pected to be hurt the county agent said. The combined blows of the second, third and fourth Uk- rainian army groups also hurl- ed the Nazis back in northwest Yugoslavia in-the Mura river' valley and overcame the en- emy foothold in'the little Car- pathian mountains north of Bratislava, presaging the early clearance of all Slovakia. Premier Stalin announced the storming of Brntislava, cnpitnl of .the Nazi puppet state of Slovakia nnd n key Danubian stronghold of population, less than 24 hours. after Marshal nocllo Y. Ma- linovsky's second Ukrainian group had laid siege to the city. The subsequent.Moscow broadcast communique announced thrtt fMar- .sli'al-Fepdbr IvToVbuthlh's third Uk- rainian' forces seized more.-thaiic'.30 communities. south southwbft of Vienna, brio of n mile nnd a from the southern city limits nnd seven nnd a half from the very center of the Austrian capital: Almost due south of Vienna the Russians announced they had hurl-- cd the last of the Germans off Hun- garian territory and were. pressing their liberating invasion of Yugo- slavia. This drive, which look 10 Yhufoslav towns during the day, was aided'by troops. Similarly, Czechoslovak Army forces aided in tlic southwest- ward thrust of Ihc fourth Uk- rainian army In northwest Slo- vakia, which captured more Ilian 60 populated places. This resumed offensive by Col. Gen. Ivan Petrov's fourth Ukrain- ians was apparently the long-ex- pected push to tcnni up with Ma- linovsky's northern units nnd put the squeeze on the German held re- mainder of Slovakia. Another more significant linkup wns indicated In Malinovsky's cnp- turc of Bratislnva. This laid open the traditional invasion gate to Austria nnd promised early union with !hc Tolbukliin forces that al- ready v suburbs. The singe was set for another Mn- llnnvsky-Tolbukhln joint operation, simllnr to that which captured Bu- dapest Deadlock Approaches In Polish Meeting WASHINGTON. April Signs appeared tonight that the Russian-British-American negotia- tions at Moscow on the subject of revamping tile Polish government are 'approaching a deadlock which the United may move to break. This situation developed even ns Secretary of State Stettinius ex- pressed confidence that "a fair so- lution will be reached." The three-power talks-started al- most immcdialciy flfter the Crimea conference in February. No accom- plishment has been reported. all Holland, and Canadian troops on the western Hank were over-running V-boriib sites. Karlsruhe, capital of on the upper Rhine, fell to the French First- army at the extreme southern end of the front, a- muniquc announced. .The adjoining U.S. Seventh army pushed fenhclm, 34 miles northwest'of'Nu- ernberg, Nazi, convention city; and key.road city controlling the' -intp French'; also." frert FOURTH AR- MORED DIVISION, April acting biirfb- melster of Gotha s'ald today thai the German high, command if Bavarian 'retreat it. Berchtcsgaden on (March 31. threatening Stuttgart, "big south German city. All Allied armies were pounding ahead in a swelling tide that over- ran underground Nazi factories, vi- tal nirflclds, and other, war .plants. The- Nnzls were losing more than two divisions dally In prisoners Brills.h lltli -armored division MOST IMPORTANT MEETING OF ABILENE, INC., TODAY Abilene Inc. will set forth its plans .ind host roundtablc discussion of Its work nt the "most important meeting for Abilene business men since the establishment of an Army camp at 3 p. m. today In the ballroom of the Windsor hotel. All members of the chamber of commerce nnd all oilier business men nnd citizens interested In the future of Abilene arc urged lo nt- lend the session which will be the first general mcnilng 'of Abilene. An effort is being made to telephone nil members of the chamber of com- merce In regard to attending this meeting. Oeorge Bnrron, chairman nl Abl- lenr Inc., will be master of cere- monies nnd principal speakers will be Henry Jnmes. president of the Farmers and Mcrchnnts National bank; Malcolm Meek, president of the Citizens National bank; Ed Ste- wart, chairman of the major gifts committee for Abilene Inc. and R. M. Fielder, chamber of commerce president. April 10, the general solicitation campaign, to raise at least to finance a long-range program of Industrial promotion for Abilene, Is expected to get underway, Morgan' Jones Jr., finance chairman of Abi- lene Inc., announced. Hoscoc Blan. kenshlp, E. W. Berry and Nib Shaw nre vice chairmen of the solicitation. Fleming James is (lie were balnj and crossed the Wcser'rlvcr, one of the last Iwo water barriers' before Ber- lin, In an apparent double strike aimed at Hannover nnd llremen.. Although the exact point, of. ths croslng was not divulged In a late front dispatch, it apparently red above Minden, which -is 53 miles south of Bremen and 32 miles west of Hannover. The British "plunged beyond against., light said .a dispatch from Associated Press Correspondent William Frye. The American Third Army, pac- ing the Allied drive In the center, ran through surrendered Gotha ami- moved on toward Erfurt, 11 miles beyond, astride the Frankfurt- Dresden military superhighway. The Germans said 40 Allied gliders set clown troops, fuel, nnd munitions to Rid the capture of ancient Gotha. The American Ninth Army charg- ed up to the 240-foot Weser river, next to last barrier on the high road to .Berlin. 170 miles a.way. Reaching the river nt Bad Oeyn- hnusen, the Ainericnns menaced the large Prussian communications center of Hannover. 38 miles from Ninth Army tanks. The naval base of Bremen lay 57 miles to the north. The Ninth pressed down from the north on the shrinking Ruhr trap where up to 150.000 Germans faced surrender or annihilation. Field Mnrshal Albert Kesselring, supreme Nnzi commander in the west, was in the doomed pocket, a dispatch Irom the Ninth Army front said. Advancing infantry moved within five miles of Dortmund on two sides. Street fighting erupted through the rubbled streets of Wucrzburg, Hrilhronn. Hamm and Zutplicn, aii of which were falling on a curvinc 400-mile front as the Allies ripped through hastily ertclcd resist-1 ance nests. The Cnnadiaas moved- up to Arn- hem nnd were less than 20 miles from the Suider Zee in Holland. j Oiwe they reach that great body of water they will have cut off part of the 30.000 Germans originally anchored in western Gotha fell without a shot being fired. Germans broke out white flags a half-hour before the U.S. Third Army's fourth armored (break-through) division command- er, Brig. Gen. William Hose, OJ Lex- ington, wns scheduled to at- tack. "If 'you -don't surrender well blow -your houses Hoge had told Gotha's Two thousand German troops fled 'during the night. The Third Army at Goths Sec WESTERN FRONT, Pit, 3, Col. Z Admiral Promoted WASHINGTON, April The Senate today confirmed the promotion of Vice Admiral Russell. R. Wacscne, commandant of the coast guard, to the rank of full ad- miral. The a coast guard officer to four-star ranks for the first time wns mndc possible under'itfulatlon recently approved by congress,
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