Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - December 31, 1944, Abilene, Texas 1945-1945-1W5 1945-J945-1945 5-1945 1945 1945 LXIV, NO. 192 tKbe Abilene Reporter r OR WITH OFFENSE TO FJftENDS_ORFQES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT XBILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 31, 1944-rtVENTY-rouR PAGES A TEXAS 2-M, NEWSPAPEB SUNDAY PRICE FIVE CENTS King George Names Regent for Greece By JOHN A. PARRIS, JR. LONDON, Dec. George II of Greece ttf ight announced appointrne.nl of Archbishop Damaskinos of Athens as Regent of his strife-torn country, taking a step generally regarded here as tantamount to relinquishing, of his throne. The 54-year-old monarch s road hat been rocky for and most ollRrvcrs in London's diplomatic quarters believe the Greek people, who are swinging to the left, would vote against a monarchy in a ple- biscite which Is expected to be held. Appointment of the Regent was ajlouncecl in a Royal proclamation issued after a statement in Athens that the Archbishop probably would assume his duties as Regent tomor- row. The proclamation, stal 1 n s lhat the King had "deeply cofi- the terrible situation'1- into which Greece had fallen, said he had resolved not to re- turn tn the country "unless sum- moned by a. free and fair ex- pression of national will and iiithoriicd Damaskinos to "take SII steps necessary lo restore or- der and tranquility." The King, reported to have op- posed the believed to have been convinced of the necessity of the measure by Prime Minister who had just returned Irom Athens. Reliable, sources said Churchill told the Greek King that a rc-cncy would be established by j the government in Athens regard- less of his consent. of a regency had 'oWn unanimously agreed upon by the all-party conference.convened See REGENT, Tg. 5, Killed in Action TUSCOI.A. Dec. 30. ISpl.) 6-Sp.t Junior R. Rankin, husband of Mrs. Verna Howard Rankin, was killed in action m Italy Dec. 12, his wife lias been in- formed. Sergeant Rankin's par- TODAY'S WESTERN FRONT WAR 3rd Army after rescue of the Bastogne garrison, plows ahead to cut off with a concentrated 1st Army drive from the Grand- mcnil-Stavelot front, Nazis in advance positions in the east after cutting off nose of the Nazi push in the Celles area. (NBA GREEK REGENT Germans Shoot 1945 Rations Get Ail-Out Squeeze BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS WASHINGTON, Dec. home-front .belt tightening was decreed today, topped by the news that civilians no longer will get two pairs of shoes a year, and will get less poultry. At the same time, a broad hint was dropped that still more is to come The Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion announced that Director James P. Byrne's in his first official report next will make suggestions for cunsicleraUon ot Congress to "assure all-out mobiliza- tion during 1940, or as long as de- mands from the front require such mobilization." The report comes Monday night. The statement from- Byrnes' fice, came, on top of these actions: By the Office of Price Administra- announcement that no new S-SGT. JUNIOR R. RANK1N fills are Mr. and Mrs. C. R. Hal-- kin of Odessa, formeily residents of Tur-cola. R..nKin entered ia Oct. C and received tram- Int at Camp Gnibcr, Okla.. and at Fan Antonio. He went overseas in Kovrmher. 19-13. Aftfir spending nnr month in Africa, he was sent la Italy, where he. has been sla- P.ned since He was wounded In July. 1944, hut recovered frcm his v-.'imii-s an-l returned to n-Sicii. Dunns the first, two weeks of Oc- toter ot Hi is year, the sergeant was i-r-ported missing in aclion, but his was informed on Octobe; 16 he was accounted for. ?crc.eant Rankin was home on furlough in September, 1943. before he went overseas in November. He v.-as born in Rising Star, r.'.id. at- tended ;.chool there nnd at 'j- has a two-year-old daughter. In Budapest LONDON, Dec. 30. The hopelessly outmmibrrc-ti' and sur- rounded German garrison in Euda- prst's battle-lorn .streets had refused a Russian surrender ultimatum, kill- ingitwo Red-Army emissaries, carry- infi a .wliite'-flag, and the annihUa- tioii of a group originally estimated i- at nearly men now is in its L final stage, Moasn-ff announced last I nirrht. 1! The German refusal' occurred and Moscow announced that Soviet troops yesterday had smash- I ed into the eastern .side of the rity for ihc first time. Soviet dis- said they 'had linked up with the western invasion- wines on Danube islands in the heart of the burning Hungarian .capital. Moscow also announced that the new Soviet-sponsored government sitting at Drbrnchen had .declared war on Germany. The Germans in Budapest shot one of the Soviet officers advancing with the surrender ultimatum and a white flag, a special Moscow announcement said, and also killed another by shooting him in (he back, in what was described as "prc- medtaled murder and violation of the rules of Livestock Men Charge OPA azis Strik itogr a By EDWARD KENNEDY PARIS Dec German divisions have been hurled by Field Mor- talI vonifunLedf at both sides of the Bastogne corridor held by L.eutenant Genera George S Patron's U. S. Third Army, a field dispatch reported last night, as Amencan troops blasted areas where the Germans Lieutenant Genera, George S. ration's hard-drlvin, forces broadened tberron shoe coupon probably will be vali dated "until some time next sum- sharply reducing the present two-pairs-a-year schedule. By. the Production Board order for a halt, effective Sunday, "in Ihc manufacture of civilian ammunition. Manufac- turers' stock's were frozen pend- ing issuance of distribution order expected lo cut off hunters' sup- plies. By on recap-; ping use ef Grade A camelbacki which will deny it to motorists. They will have to use Grade C. which in- cludes some reclaimed rubber. The Grade A goes lo truck tires ot 7.50 inches and up. By Byrnes refusal to modify his request lhat racing end January 3. By the War Manpower Commis- announcement that race track employment will be limited to enough workers to keep the plants from "falling apart" arid those must be handicacped or elderly persons not subject to manpower controls. Because till supplies are short, WPB folbade further manufac- turers' sales of jewelry or similar articles containing tin and an- nounced that retail sales will be "virtually prohibited" after March 1. On the other side of consumer See RATIONS Fg. 5, Col. 3 WASHINGTON, Dec. 30. Up in' arms against proposed ceiling prices on live cattle.-livestock men brought their protests to the capital today'with one asserting'an OPA official has misrepresented the cat- tlemen's views. They had expected to present their case 'this morning -to Stabilization Director Fred M. Vinson who will decide the question of whether to Fool However, bad weather held up several cattlemen flying here and the conference was postponed until Monday. P. O. Wilson, secretary of the Joint Livestock Committee, In a statement accused John J. Madigan. assistant director of OPA's food branch, of "misrepresentation." He said meet- ings held at Kansas City and Chica- go earlier this week on the ceiling question were supposed to be. secret, at OPA's request, but that Madigan had made statements concerning them. FBI Warns Nation Against Sabotage WASHINGTON, Dec. Director J. Edgar Hoover of the Federal Bureau of Investigation warned the. nation today to be on the alert for renewed enemy-di- rected sabotage attempts. peared to be no disposition here to question the ability of General Eisenhower to control the situa- tion. The Supreme Allied commander retains the won Nortl1 Italy and the smashing suc- cess of the Normandy invasion. G. Ward Trice. Sunday "dis- patch" war correspondent, just, returned from the Western Front, declared that the set- back "should briiif; about changes which, before it occurr- ed, were already known to he See SHAKEUP, PR. 5, C'ol. 3 Texas Streams Rise HOUSTON. Dec. Trinity river is expected to reach a flood .stage of 25 feel tomorrow is '.he Weather Bureau promised for Houston and vicinity Allied Command Shakeup Predicted By London Press LONDON Dec. 30-W-Keaorls that a shake-up of the Allied Com- mand on the Western Pront was Imminent were displayed prominently "day bj the London afternoon press. One military commentator dee arcd that an official statement covering some aspects of the regrouping of the Allied Commands and Armies was expected shortly. _________________ The London "Evening News" de- clared flatly that "important changes in the organization, of the Allied Supreme Command on the Western Pront arc imminent." .The "Evening ed, "the bir; re-group is on." and quotea' a Reuters military corres- pondent as saying, "the second phase of Marshal Karl von Rund- stcdt's offensive has reached the poker stage." The London press also car- ried reports from Washington that an American general had been recalled from France and demoted, but not because of- the German coimtcroffen- sivc. Despite the set-back suffered by the Allies in Bclsium. there OD- WlliamE. Walker Killed in Action BUPFALQ GAP. Dec. 30- (Spl.l Private William E. Walkc'.'. 10-ycar- old Robert Lee rancher.' many of whose relatives reside in this com- munity, was killed in action In. France November 9 while Hunting with the 3d Infantry Division of Hit 7th Army, his parents were inform- ed. Private Wftlkcr had been listed as missing In action as of November 9 General Georfc S. aon5 an- n south of the German bulge to nearly 50 milts, sir lek west of Bastogne. snared supply roads and threatened to cut off armor thrust lo within 23 miles ot Sedan at American counter-blows had rcwou nearly one-thin overrun in the Germans' surprise counter-offensive, bad maneuvering ground for von l MacArthur Tells Japanese in N E I! A I- Si a C A'it T II U It'S KADQlJAnTERS, rhllippincs, lire. Japanese tlip I.f.vle campaign hav in a message received several weeks ago by his parents. When he entered the Army In December. 1043, Walker, although in his teens, owned a thousand head of sheep, several head of entile and hordes and had under lease him- self 1.440 acres of crar.ip.c bud. He was the only child of Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Walker, well-known ranchers of Coke county. He had trained at Camp Elamliin and Camp Meade before goiili; overseas His mother is a daughter of Iliej convoy headed foi late Mrs. Martina Knight, member of one of the first families lo set- tle here. had reported undc curity black-out t morning one Third into Moircy, 11 m. togne and but four t southeast of St. Hub other American gaci. making a small-scale if. stand and holding Ja forces. Von Rundstedt's wcslernm sitions were being assailed b: tcncn'. General Courtney H. I resurgent ysfsu Army, which in the streets of Uochcfort, o.. northwest1 and iflastc. ed the German Jlncs with As the battle rrise in fury the ene- my fought back with mortars and losses ill the I.eyle campaign artillery, bent cr, holding the town reached llfi.TTO, General Douglas IQ ti10 aincArthur's rnnmiiinluiic said j (Brussels rai'i. often optimistic, day. This Inrliid-d HOI enemy dead Hocnciijit had fallen and a vio- i counted In the The Army comprised four divisions, ele- incuts of two more and special naval. forces. j MacArthur declared the cam-! Iiaigii ended Christmas Day when, his troops captured Palr.mpon. the last, enemy poiV of escape. Since then inoppine up oprr- ati'ons have continued acainst rem- nants of the Japanese force. The I'nmmumtlNf said .latia- nese attacked a Mimloro bound American Convoy off Panay Island the of Jlcccmlicr in mr wi lent lank bpttlc raged near the resume of the enemy losses tmvn ,vns without official con- the destroyed Japanese 35th Pallon'.s forces had been rip- ping apart the German positions on both sides of the Baslogne corridor, and vou Rundstcdt threw in in a strnnp bid to stop advances in tills salient. Necessity for aclion was multi- plied by the American artillery com- innnclinR his east-west routes of -supply or retieat. In the Ifi miles between Manhay on the north flank and Longchamps north of nncm. i Closed New Years The driver's license division nf the. Departmenl. of Public Safety will not ILshcd Am sunk ten 'iransporls and a PT boat and had damaged I wo transports.- a cruiser and de.'.trover) j romimmitiue said i that chili, of the altackini: planes! had been sl-.ol down. No mrnlion' was made of convoy Patrol fr.nn n In tile Tbc siKidcn appearance of ration's far-ranging forces In Moircy spelled trouble for the Germans, who had captured I.ibramonl and dug in there against attacks from the sou'h- Krr BASTOC.NE, Pg. 5. Col. S i.slantl. RUDOLPH HESSllfW 10 GREAI BRITAIN ON SELF-STYLED HUMANITY MISSION (When Rudolf Hrfs niadn his tionni fliclil from Germany In Britain ill 1041. Louis LochiiL-r uvis rhirf of thr Asbocialcd Press bureau in Berlin. Now in London, Lochncr has assayed ihc story nncw afiainst tlic tjackcround of information tic had at thr time hul was vented from roportinR German censorship. Here arc his conclnMons and findings. The Edilor.i By LOUIS P. LOCHNER (Al') Hess, contrary to (he opinion Roberta. which I found almost univcr- oihcrs surviviiis Sergeant Han-1 sally accepted in America. ay four sisters, Mrs. Lani" in Britain on a self- Mr.r Bnins of Lawn, Mrs. Marccnc 6pal and Wander Rankin, all Odessa. The Weather s. or TOM Allll.rNi: A Nil VICINITV: and onfrlcr Sunday nnd 3 cloudy. ?.nd In rxlrrmc Mast porlioi in interior Sunday. Monday rlnudy ar Hie Cool- parlly mrli rha Tr.Mrr.BATrRts Sal. Pr! I'.M. M IK .VI .V. Icmpf ratu came (o Britain on a scli- stylerl "mission nf humanity" oii May 10, 1041, the knowledge or approval of Adolf Hitler. Tills came catcRoricnliy and un- equivocally, froi.i a iiisli British government source. A comparison of available to Whitehall with the circumstan- tial evidence available, to American correspondents stationed in crmaiiy at the lime Hess1 .flight fill'-' tlier established- that Hitler's time secretary" nnd laler deputy Fuehrer in- spired and backed by Professor Karl v o n Haushoter, an expert on Teopolitics, a n d ill y M B s s er- richmitt, builder if Germany's best Mghtcr planes. nithl: m onltlil: rn-n( HMO. I.OOINKR Efforts In see Mess, whom I well In Germany, ivcre un- availing on tlie fiounils that the ehapfer is closed and be- cause, authorities say. lie prob- ably couldn't talk cohercully if interviewed. I was informed that he has con- siderable latitu'l''; or movement under guard of take strolls and enjoy fresh air. He is treated as a prisoner of war o! high rank, has reasonably good rations and periodically is visited by a rep- resentative of Hie Swiss legation to whom he can address 'omplalnts. Rumor has it tnat he is some- where in Walos. but officials would not confirm this. The ATiimtry nf Information first met my request to clarify whether or lint Hess came as Hitler's iiEClit with, "what dif- ference does it make? His plan was so impossible that it is immaterial who sent him. We knew Hitler was preparing war on Russia and hence discounted Hess1 assertion that the Fuehrer had no designs on Russia nor aimed at world domination." Countering, I pointed out that in America every reporter, radio com- mentator or lecturer who was in Germany at the time of Hess' flight, is asked "whal room Hess? Was he sent by I also pointed out that even when we presented our circumstantial evidence of Killer's lack of knowl- edge nf his olan, most per- sons listened politclv but were not convinced. MOI official now grew definitely interested. "What was that Since German censorship at the lime prevented my reporting that evidence, I Incorporate It here t.o round out the complete picture of the case. The belief that Hitler had nothing to do with Hess' flight rested on these considerations: First, Hitler placer! a high value on the lives of his most Intimate followers and would not have permitted Hess to KO on a solo flight. He would have sent a co-pilot along. Second, If Hitler had not heen eauclit offcuiiril. IIP would not have issued the silly story (hat Hess had been subject to frequent mental aberrations. Only a few days earlier, on May I, iflll. Hitler bad deputed Hess lo present the highest civilian medals at Augsburg to airplane- builder Mcssersclunitl and peo- ple's ear designer I'erdinanl No Reporter-News Edition Be Published Jan, 1. The Reporter-News will not be published Monday, Jan. 1. New Year's Day. Both the Morning and Evening editions will tie skipped. Tills action on the part of the publishers is made necessary by strict newsprint rationing by War Production board. During 1944 all generally observed holidays were chosen as days on which to skip publication as a means of conserving newsprint supplies. The same practice will followed in and so long as nev.'sprliu is rationed. Thrrc still exists a critical shortage of paper, and we lake tins means of urging you to.save this paper and all waste paper nun turn It in during the waste paper- drive each month. You will greatly Iielp the war effort by doing this. Remember, no paper next Monday, January 1. The business office will be closed all day Jan. 1. The editorial offices shall be open after 3 p.m. TIIF REPORTER-NEWS the press nr r.nlin. Such irrat- nien was areorllnl only one otli- rr '.up Trn-U Itnr'un. ait( (be notorious purgf nf June V. This Global War- BEE DISPATCHES ON PAGE FIVE KIHIOI.I'H HESS I'nrschr. Al-.o, neither Hitler nnr Joseph Gnelibfls would have In id them- selves open to me mueli-lienrd, rosii ciimmesit: "If the second man in me Itelcli In-, been all lime and we didn't know it. wh..l about our top Third, Hitler's irralmrm nf (be Hess ease from the party standpoint Indicated Unit his deputy hall artril without Ins kliowl'edge and approval, llil- Irr ordered Hess' name "Ailsge- out '.rum parly records and lorbade all mention of him thereafter 111 oilier hisli a' f.r.led in missions, were by Hit- I Irr anil v.ere rtcaioird but. thfir parly inained unqui-.-tlor.cd and thev con- tinued I" be regarded 1mal Nay.is. Not M) Hew and Hoclim. At that point, ihi1 ministry of m- iormaiiim nllic.-v now chanced tack. "Viuir (lelluetions are lulrlv right." b'' "'e. "from all Hess said and our govrrnineiU is firmly convinced that the deputy Fuehrer came without Ilitlrr's kninvlrilsr and approval. Any other i.injretiirr i> excluded." j To make rXnlbly sure, lie called j ranliniied 'his What .-cemed not miiti' clear to the IlvitWl eriunont w.is li'.c queftion whether He.-s thought out hi: sclieme tay 1 nimseli 01- whether ulhers in Ger- i many were behind i on this point, it should be noted mat never sho.vr-d great menial capacity in Germany bill ri'Baidcd merely Hillcrs IIHV.I. faithful persona! aide who stolidly earned nut orders but never KiiVo evidence or originating con- st met il. !..cas. On the other hand '.t was l-.nomi that He.ss had an affection fm' In von Hausluifer amounting to almost in the worshipful. Von Haiishofer was an nole mlliliiiy and pnliMco economic scientist who Sec 1IKSS. Pg. 5, Col, 1 Wounded in Action T-Set. Kdgar J. Helton, serving, with an infantry division of the FirM Army in lias been wounded in action, he wrote his wife, the foimcr Alma Bcasby. 874 Victoria street, in a letter dated De- cember 13. He wrote from a hospital, but. dirt 1101 cive !he location, and did not mention the extent of his injuries. Overseas since March. Sergeant Helton has br-cn in action since June 12 when he was engaged in operations i'i France. He entered service October H. 10-13. One Mail Delivery To Be Made Jan. 1 One mail delivery will .be made Monday in the residential section and will leave the post office in morning. Past master O. A. Hale announced. Rural routes f.nd the business distriei will not be serv- iced Complete window service will Be civcn from 8 to 10 a. m. LAST DAY! for corricr onrl moil rcr'C'Aol subscriptions to TH5 ABILENE REPORTER-NEWS ot the Holiday Roto. Send cr hnnrl sub'.cnplisn to your local ngcnt, cr moil direct.