Abilene Reporter News, December 24, 1944 : Front Page

Publication: Abilene Reporter News December 24, 1944

Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - December 24, 1944, Abilene, Texas sus VOL. LXIV, NO. 186 A TEXAS NEWSPAPB "WITHOUT OR OFFENSE T.O FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 24, THREE SECTIONS Associated Press (AP) Vntted Frist IVJ-.I PRICE FIVE CENTS Gigantic Scandal Stirs Allied Circles By GEORGE TUCKER PARIS, Dec. of gallons of American gasoline Intended for the Allied war machines at the front are being hijacked daily and fed into the Frenclrblack market. Cigarettes and post exchange supplies as well have been stolen In irload by.American sold at fantastic prices. Hundreds have been arrested. fa A tightening of the French gov- ernment's attitude toward the French black market agents involv- has been promised. At least automobiles have been taken from civilians who were unable to disclose the source of their gasoline. Two American enlisted men were sentenced tn life imprison- ,'Jpient by a general court in Nov- ember for selling Government property to black market agents. Implicated In the same offense was a French civilian. Tried before a French civil court, the Frenchman was let off with a fine of francs American officials immediately called this to the attention of the French government and in future oil civilians charged with similar offenses will face a French military tribunal. say the losses have not affected the great battle now .ragr Ing in Belgium and Luxembourg one wayl or another. Major Genera Henry Benton Sayler, chief ordn- ance officer in the European the- ater of operations, reported the Wefts had no bearing on the cur- rent military situation. At 8 a. m. today in just one detention barracks in Paris 308 Americans were under ar- rest and more than half of these charged with misappropria- tion of government property. In another detention cage are 181 enlisted men and three officers charged with selling a traiiiload of cigarettes, soap and other supplies to the black market. They will face general court the first week in fanuary. "This group sent over 000 in postoffice money orders and cashier checks back Colonel E. G. Buhrmaster, pro- vost marshal of the Seine base section, c' Sclicnectady, N. Y. "Every one of them had be- tween and SG.OOO on him when I picked them up." But the. big theft is in gasoline and t-he losses by pilferage run into hundreds of thousands of gasoline V week. "Tills place is getting to be like Chicago in tile days of Al Buhrmaster said. "They hijack trucks right off the road. They drive a car between the last couple tf trucks in a convoy, stick a gun w the driver's belly and tell him to vamoose. "Then they sell the truck for 000 francs. Under (lie German evaluation this was only but at the American rate of two cents 'A the franc it amounts to S5.000. Our evaluation of the franc is the basis of the black market." Buhrmaster said one major had sent home in a short time. A corporal was reported to have sent in five days and twv> ijher enlisted men sent and S2.000 home within a few weeks. General Sayler commented that "people don't steal bullets and tanks, because they can't dispose of them." only 'hot' items on the rfidnance list are watches and field he said. "We caught one soldier who stole 300 watches and he's in the penitentiary. But our firepower supplies are untouched." Cons Charity Bowl Hits Peak of ilhe Lions club charity bowl reached n new annual prak for in- come this weekend with contributed to the bowl, Second and Pine. Wilmer sins, club president, said last, night. The previous high "as in 1942. two and a half day drive ended last night after Lions had solicited nt. the corner since p. m. Thursday. Yesterday's income was over Civil War In Greece Spreading r ATHENS, Dec. thousand to left-wing ELAS warrioi rilla Greece spreading civil war clear across the nation, as stiff fighting also erupted north of the Athens port of Piraeus where Brit- ish-Indian troops landed 'under the support of naval guns and rocket- firing Beaufighters. British headquarters, which only last night received the ELAS' reply to its cease-fire ultimatum, officially declared that the ELAS assault on the right-wing stonghold around loannuna was an "unprovoked at- tack" in violation of an agreement reached between the rival factions at Oaserta before the original Brit- ish landings in Greece. .While Lieutenant General Ronald Scobie, the British commander, and Harold McMillan. British Resident General in the Middle East, confer- red on the situation, Indian troops battled the ELAS members north of the main. harbor basin' of Piraeus, southwest of Athens. It was feared that the main re- frigerating plant for meat supplies of the whole capital district was seriously damaged in the fighting north of Kallipolis peninsula. General Napoleon Zei-vas, com- mander of 'the right-wing EDES, sent an urgent message to the Brit- ish for assistance, but thus far no help has been sent. The Leftist ELAS, commanded by General Stephanos Saraphis, were reported to have cut 20 miles through EDES territory, by-passing Yannina. which has served as Zer- vas headquarters. the 11 trucks for citywide distribution had been loaded with Goodfellow baskets, these four workers were boxing toys that are to be left at lire Sunshine nursery and the negro nursery. Reading left are Nib Shaw, in charge of distribu- II1U tion, C. A. Green and his son, Kenneth, and G. W. Jutson. Jutson has worked with the Good- irs stormed the Rightist Guer- fellows every Christmas for a number of years. Kenneth, too, has a record. He nas been up stronghold In northwestern witli the Goodfellows for the Christmas distribution since he was "a lot tie tot._________ Scores of GIs Trek To Manger Of Christ-Child JERUSALEM, Dec. n tliis sixth Christmas of the great- est conflict the world has known more than 500 American warriors will gather to celebrate the birth of the Prince or Peace at the Beth- lehem manger where it occurred. They started coming in by plane today, fresh from the mud and gore of Hie battlefields in France. Ger- many and Italy, from North Africa, from stations in the Middle East and from the bleak coast of the Persian Gulf. They follow the winding road to Bethlehem soon after their ar- rival, for they are eager to see "The Place." In the Church of- [lie Nativity Ihey descend a.short flight, of stone steps nnd are shown exact spot where the manger stood. U.S. Puts Controls In Vise WASHINGTON, Dec. swift series of control-tisht- cnlnf orders, more 'drastic In overall effect than any since the war started, brought jrrimr nicr war prospects sharply home in America today. The new controls In outline: 1. Businesses Ignoring man- power regulations were uiveii lo understand they will be denied fuel, materials and transporta- 2. The OrA prepared lo re- turn to the ration list nearly ail point-free meats and canned vegetables soon. 3. Horse and racing; tracks were asked to close up shop on January 3 unless war conditions permit operation. 4. Selective Service was di- rected lo review (he tlrafl clas- sification of professional ath- letes. No Snowflakes Seen For Christmas Here Prospects ol even a smattering of snowflakcs for Christmas in Abilene were blacked out Inst, night as the weatherman predicted warmer weather on tile holiday. Today it is to remain cold and cloudy. Temperatures Saturday fulled to drop to freezing, although at no Manila Air Field Pounded From Sky GENERAL Ma c A RT H U R'S. the east counted another 3.7B8 HEADQUARTERS, encmy QVnrj in one day, bringing Sunday, Dec. (fj 8.afly total'lo today reported a smashing daylight air raid tm Clark Meld, near Manila, 'in" which the majority of 100 grounded planes were destroyed, and said also that U. S. troops had com- pleted the destruction of Nipponese in the bloody Ormoc corridor of Ley- te island. Liberator operating from Leyte made the Clark Field raid Friday. Philippine time. It was the first daylight Liberator operation against that main Jap- anese air center in the Philippines and an army spokesman said it was a first class surprise to the Nippon- ese, who got only nine of their fighters in the air to meet the as- sault. Fight of the nine interceptors were shot down by U. E. Thunder- bolts. The dispersal and taxi areas between two of the airstrips were left enveloped in fire and smoke. Liberator crews reported one tre- mendous explosion from which a smoke column rose 5.000 feet. Yanks cleaning up Leyte s Ormoc corridor and pocketed Japanese to Yanks Ho 'Li azis ne By NED NORDNESS PARIS, Sunday, Dec. relief columns, swinging up through Luxembourg and southeastern Belgium in their first effective counteraction, have bitten into the southern flank of the German penetration which has reached Libramont, only .23 miles northeast of historic Sedan, Allied Headquarters disclosed last night. With clearing skies the world's mightest air force also swung into action with sorties against the German invasion columns, cutting swaths through the ranks and ham- mering their rear bases. Allied Headquarters, lifting n 48-hour time lag on front news, this report of the situation: American troops still hold Libramont, a five-way road Junction H miles from the northeastern French frontier. Striking north of the city of Luxembourg and also north of Arlon, 13 miles northwest of Luxembourg, American troops have dented the Ger- man southern flank. A front covering this action through Friday morning said the Luxembourg counter-action was sprung north of Mersch, eight trifles above Luxembourg city. Although this dispatch was censored it con- tained" these perhaps significant words: "It Is obvious that In the eight days since the Germans threw the dice In what probably are their last big gamble the Americans have had time to reform their forces." Encouraging news, also came from the northern flank where Associated Press Correspond- ent Wes Gallagher said that Field Marshal Karl Ton Rund- stedt had been forced to pull Top European Ace LONDON. Dec. 23 Dave Schilling, of Transverse. Mich, who commands an nee fighter group in Europe, became the leading ace in the Euroueaii theater himself to- I day by gettino five German planes. The U. S. 77th Division, the com- munique said, is continuing to its way westward from the co: to the port of of the remnants of enemy forces in that area. Participation of the llth Airborne Division in the west I.eyte fighting was disclosed for the first time. It is commnnded by Major General Joseph M. Swing. It did much of the heavy fighting In the rugged mountainous --terrain southeast of Oimoc nnd east of thr batt.lefront. where the 77th and the 7th divisions Point Free ItemsFace Rationing Virtually ali point-free meals and canned vegetables will be back on Ihr ration list by the start of the new year, It was (earned tonight. The OPA, iclialilc sources said, Is prepared to announce the drastic move ncvt New point values, now being dls- wo'r'k probably will be effective lrl.ldorj December 31. closed n trap on the enemy's Ya- mashita Line nnd turned the Leyte campaign toward a victorious end. A single C-47 transport dropped all the llth Division paratroopers The decision is understood to af- fect practically all cuts of beef, veal, lamb and pork as well as all major canned vegetables. The affected foods have been ration-free since last May. Because of continuing need for freezer space In warehouses for military commodities, fro7.cn fruits and vegetables probably will'Slay pnint-frcc. Jams, jel- lies, and preserves are not ex- pected to be returned to the list. Restoration ot points to the wide variety of meal, cuts and vegetables will be a major victory for OPA over the Wnr Food Administration. For the last five months OPA has and equipment for the operation.! that point-free meat.: Special prrachute racVs were built VCBCtablcs be put back under Episcopal Church Services Continue lo Midnight Today Christmas Eve crevices at the Church of tile Heavenly Rest. Epis- copal. Third .and Orange streets, will continue to midnight, Sunday. At p. m. 15 minutes of carol singing in the cloister and an organ cltfil will be held, opening the choral celebration of Holy Communion. Trie st to-45 P. m., will'open's service that will include reading of Hebrews singing of the anthem, Holy Art Thou (Handel) by the senior choir with violin obli- gate by Maj. George Ar'ack. The offertory antiphonal million. Christmas Story fGlodsworthy) will be sung by the choral union. The offertory response will be We Give Thee but Thine Own. Prayers for men in the armed ser- vices will precede the anthen, Jesus, Word of God Incarnate by Hie senior choir. The recepsionnl hymn will be Hark. Ihe Herald Angels Sintt nnd the postludc Hallelujah Chrous from The Messiah The communion settinft used nt Iliis service will he King Hall's com- munion service in C. The fourth Sunday of Advent. Christmas Eve, will open nt the church at 8 a. m. wilh holy coni- mtinlon nnd church school. Morning time was the temperature approach- making his total bussed ing comfort. The high was 45 and of which 24 1-2 were the low 34 degrees. I nnd 10 on Hie ground. 34 in Hie air Living Costs Rise .01 Percent In Month WASHINGTON, Dec. 2'< The Bureau of Labor Statistics in- dex of living costs rose one-tenth of 1 percent between mid-October and mid-November. This put the index at 126.5 per- j truck, will go to the nurseries. GOODFELLOWS' GIFTS CHEER 151 FAMILIES; MORE IODAY (jnnrifcllows cheer to 151 families was Saturday spread In (hr form of itnNcs of food, clothing and toys distributer! by volunteers in the an- nual Chrtelmas program. Additional boxes will be l.ikcn lo needy homes today and more Christmas day in order that no home will be uithoiil cheer. under the plane's body to carry the Weight of mountain guns. It took ion missions tn do the joh. Only once did a 'chute hang up in 1.0 defend their RUMS against the Japanese less than a mile away. Islands h-ing between American- held Leyte and Mindoro were pivcn another heavy aerial pounding. Jap- anese airdromes on Bebu. Panny nnd Negros took 160 tons of bombs on successive Japaiie.-e ,ilnnrs npaln attacked the Americni. position.'-, on Mindoro and 20 shot down. The com i L.unique.1 reported the .sinking of n small enemy freighter by light U. S. naval units in tile Visayan Sea and the shelling of .Japanese installations on Mnshate island. U. S. bombers nnd fighter-bombers worked on .Japanese shipping and installations Tom Mindoro in the Philippines to the Solomon islands, j Hitting Boni'o. the Moluccas, the Irsscr Sunds.c, New Guinea and New Britain. nip. En-hart, will speak on Our Over- Rrrl It. out. toe to toe. nnri are stil! j crowded Lives. flchlinsj with great courage, but The offertory quartet will sine j n IT slowlr heintj preyed back by Additional contributions yester- day permitted the Goodfellows .to take some surplus toys and food to the Sunshine nursery and negro nursery. Upwards of 500 youngsters attended ihe Goodfellows matinee at the Paramount theater Saturday morning, eacli bringing a can or food. The cans, which filled a small cent of ,iorccnt ago. the 1035-39 average, 1.9 Above the, level of a year May Talk i At Lincoln Banquet ploycs of the Coca-Cola company FASHINGTON. Dec. 23 and volunteers assisting. The Fire-JA Lincoln b.rtiKlny speech here stone company at over SSOfi added toys valued; t before the dir.tri bution started. Late contributions included: Mi. and Mrs. II. Rol.rrl r.. Distribution of boxrs yesterday was under direct inn of Nib Shaw.jjv with a Kiwunis club committee, em-1 Mr. unrt Mr 11 tv Sli U. B. may give Thonins K. Ueuey his first public opporP nlty since the elec- tion to keynr-tc fiepublicRn views home The rief. ...date is understood to have ac- Mils, the repted an inv'ntion to spenk ne. as little ratinnim; a.s possible In fore the annuil Lincoln Day ban-'i order tn avr-rt large food m Febninrv. i nt, thr end of Ihe wnr in Kurope. rationing, conl distribution nnd shortagi and such rsm wrJ- .nd'Ll. T. i' mnxeri last, month when OPA ap- pealed to Stabilization Director Fred M. Vinson, asking that he act as arbitrator. One consideration which ap- parently tipped the scale in OPA's favor Is the prospect (hat the war in Kiiropr may be drawn out as a result of (be German count eroffcnsive. This would make it nreessary lo ship more food lo the armed forces than first calculated, and at the same time red HIT the likelihood of an early iiomcfront feared by WFA. Another factor contributing tn {he decision was said to be WFA's latest estimate that the spring pig crop will be two percent under yf-ii-'s, Hie agency had railed on farmers for a seven percent in-' crea.se. The number of red and blue j nil ion points provided for a four-week period probably will increased under the pro- pram. The. ouantity was eut in half when the list of rationed commodities was reduced. back one of his crark SS (Elite) divisions because It wan so bad- ly mauled by hard-righting doughboys In the Malmcdy sec- tor- The lejt 000 clqad Ihtf snows below Ma'- mcdy, Gallagher said, and ft hard freeze setting-in hud the Yanka grouped around- small bonfires across the battle ridden fields and cross roads. Hundreds of Hit- ler's youthful troops are snow-cov- ered lumps, dead In the no-man's land between the In that area. The dispatch saW. The Americans, hnwercr, liar- lost Slavelol, five miles south- west of Malmcdy. disclosed, and nlsn confirmed the German announcement that SI. Vith, n miles southeast of Stavelot, bad been taken by the Germans, Masses of German armor were reported pushing the Americans slowly from St. Vith toward Viel- snlm. nine miles to the west and. mil PS south of Stavelot. SHAEF described this action, where the Americans were trying to pre- vent n link-up of major German columns, as one of the epic stand itnnrHntr th-it inntlv pniver.s and sermon will bcuin nt, 11 c.olum nd thl! Rcv'. Wlilis thr wnr Thft Husband Home For Chrisfmas- On Movie Screen Mrs. Hurley I'ritrharrl, 18 W North Second, didn't Ihink she would see her husband, a ser- geant with thr Third Army Christmas. Jlut she after- noon on Ihe Paramount screen. It was a close-up, loo, "I never was so thrilled in my she. said. "He wasn't wearing (he gloves I .-.put him for Christmas, either. I rangM up with him." Ten Bodies Found In B-24 Explosion fllT Mtnerior Tn thn Malmedy sector the Ger- man." Mill were trying to Rather enough strength to break through nnd widen ihcir penetration, head- quarters said. In their western penetration one German spearhead in a 10- infle advance lias reached Mar- rlip. 22 miles north of Libra- mont, and 2) miles southeast of A front dispatch said that by l-'rirlay morning the Germans also had cut n highway northeast of Hot ton. five miles northeast of Mnrche nnd L'3 miles south of Liege. Heavy fightinc was reported be- iKpen HmLul Soy. throe miles See YANKS Page II. Col. 6 -Texans Wounded ANGELES. Dec. 23--.-I' nnri foreign ,short supply, there are plc-riUd piT.sidenlia! ran- i available in each case. In viriv of LOS were t h a I 'I'm bodies were- are in .vairhcrs today mid charred wi Liberator bo-.iibcr that crx'-hrci and there shrmlrl exploded on Ml. Glcajon norih o[ night. Names of the wci'c not rclcn.seri iniine- (iialely. The War department last night reported 81 additional Texans wounded in action in Europe. In- cluded were: Sci. Grady Bagley, brother o Granc N. Hall, Throckmovlon; K.'. U'.invonrl W. Jones, husband of Mary K Jones, Brei'kenridge. r-vi. Juan c. Parras. son of Mrs, im-i'l O. Castillo. Big Spring. B-24 I The Weather CHRISTMAS BY-PASSES BLEEDING EUROPE LOCKED NOW IN IHE LAST DESPERATE STRUGGLE nr.c rxr.vr m roMMr.Rt'E wr.A'iin.n nrnr.M5 Mill 1 M VK'IMIY: Moitly Intirtv' "anil rontlniiffl c-old Sunday. M'imlav parllv cloudy and not quite AST MoMly rlnildy with oc- By RESELL LANDSTROM LONDON, Dec." For (lie sixth straight year the Christmas spirit will h.v-pasj Europe, Hs liplligprenls lockrd now In perhaps the final struc- of Its hearths desolate. Thr. German has pullcil up the Allicrl Arm- ies tautly ind made them de- termined In .wl rhrlH this re- verse on the Western Front. ..Tn (he mud nnd Wood of the. flcrce- ground where Field Marshal von Rundstedl. cast ,'hc chnllpnur Hire em hr nolhing ap- proximating Christmas, not even the ordinary Christmas at the front when special food and gifts'are pass- ed forward. Consequently, London, Paris, Brus- sels and Rome naturally feel far less disposed to celebrate. As In the past, therefore, Am- ericans and UrUons here are exchanging courtesies, the for- mer sharing Hie good things of their Red Cross clubs wilh child- ren denied a normal family life, anil the latter receiving U. S. service men into their homes. Red Cross clubs are serving free turkey dinners and sponsoriiift par- lies, concerts, movies and dances. United Seamen's Service is taking No Reporter-News Christmas Day Morning and Evening editions of the Abilene Reporter- News will not be published Monday, December 25, in observance of Christmas Day. Best wishes far a pleasant day arc extended to ajl. rnrc of mnny merchant sailors of the Allied nations. Similar Eirranerments were mndn in several Belgian and French cit- ies. Apart from the fronlline Jotl. Hie British had nm wilh the black arket flnurlshlr.i: in poultry, lifiimr J and loy.s. Only a rplnlively small number' of people arr nbln lo rut turkey, chicken or noose. Most could get only a piece of beef or pork. Though winter Imllrtay I ravel Is not at a record level, travellers flocked to most. London railroad stations early today In nrrlrr t.n make HIP most of n vacation la.'.llne until Wednesday. In Kngland the day following ciiri-lmas Boxing Day also a holiday. Only In neutral lands were there any real outward Christ- mas slcns. The sixtli war (.'hrl.st- mas finds somrthinff like a macic Mantl in a Inp sea. Refusers of half a en hallln-ridilrn neighbors gaze into wcll-lillril Klnip windows. Things long vanished in othrr rounlries arr ril.spla.vrrl In Swlt- 7erl.iml. but tbrlr prices are stajrurrinfT. In Dublin cltixrns of Fire fnir well rnnugli (or (oral, provided Ihey have money, and in Stockholm the folk air rven better off. The grinnncsi of all will he the German Christmas. From Horn cumr.s an A.'-.sCK-lalrtl Press dispatch quoting Hie Grr- This Global War- See DISPATCHES. Pane 8 newspaper "Apprnzdler Zri- I1K111 "In place of bells nre raid sirens. Thr Christmas rake, ROOSC itntl earp are only mem- ories, no longer a part of the vocabulary of the German Christmas. year Germans were ex- hnrleri to make practical Rifts. Not even Christmas cards are permitted this year." Once way Vienna to apalhelic, said a dispatch to the "National Zei- j rung" of B.isel. Sub- urban plants still arc making nrnm- menl.s for the with the help H of 700.000 foreign'workrr.s whom Ihe Germans icnr, the paper Mid. .ist. Colder uniUv. Monday. T" cold. t and ith Smith Pl.iin rlnndy mi< rat in--in 40-.10 ;

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Publication: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Issue Date: December 24, 1944