Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - December 20, 1944, Abilene, Texas Abilene Reporter WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT MDHNIItG VOL. LXIV, NO. 182 A TEXAS ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 20, 1944. PAGES prta i United I'rest PRICE FIVE CENTS Six State Dept. Approved ft WASHINGTON, Dec. W.-ytV-The Senate put a belated stamp of approval tonight on the six appointees to the reorganized state ment, but not until after President Roosevelt personally intervened. The decks thus were cleared for final adjournment of the 78th Congress, roughshod over a noisy------------------------------' Rolling but sparse-voted opposition, the Administration won overwhelming Approval of the nominations of Jc eph C. Grew as Undersecretary of State and four assistants. Republicans made it.closer, how- ever, for Archibald MacLeish, poetry writing Librarian of Con- gress, who came through with 43 to "5 approval in what proved to be largely a partisan test. MacLeish thus becomes Assistant Secretary of State in charge of cul- tural and public relations. Some Senators described the latter as aclvities. President Roosevelt broke the back of the Senate opposition before the voting began. The result sconcd a foregone con- clusion when he told Senator _ Pepper in a telephone conversa- tion that Senate delayed action now he would submit'the same list of names in January. The President gave him assur- 'ence, Pepper told the Senate, that if any of the men involved failed to firry out the Roosevelt policies he ould be removed promptly. Senator Lal'ollette was not will- ing to give up without making it clear that he was unsatisfied with the "team" of aides that Secre- tary of State Stettinlus had picked. Asserting that confirmation of the six would "lend to de- stroy the hope of the American people for a just and democrat- ic LaFollette took the State Department to task for "pious" statements recently is- 11 sued favoring self-determina- tion by peoples. The events taking place in Eu- rope, the Wisconsin Senator said, made It clear to him that the At- lantic Charter had become nothing .more "than "a scrap of paper." Senator Nye one of the severest Congressional critics of the Administration's foreign poli- cies sang his Senate swan-song with a prediction that In another 20 years the country would .be "wc must go mto Another ropean war to keep Russia, from seizing control of the world." Mussolini Speaks LONDON, Dec. 19 The Milan radio said today Benito Mussolini had review- ed Italian blackshirk there, pro- mising them a balcony address that "in spite of a gray autumn, the spring of our country is imminent." UNRRA Leaves Athens ATHENS, Dec. ELAS troops fortified the Averoff prison tonijhl after a strong mortar an grenade attack by the left win militia had 'forced the British gar rison and Greek gendarmes an wardens to evacuate the institution A widespread hunt was launche by the British, Greek and undoubt edly by the ELAS militia of th leftwing EAM political Jean Rallis, Quisling Premier o Greece during the German bccupa tion, who escaped during the fight inc for the prison. (In London Herbert H. Leh- man, director general of UNRRA, announced thai the civil war in Greece had com- pelled the temporary evacuation of a substantial part of the re- lief mission after several mem- bers of the staff had been wounded in the course of duty. decision to Leh man said, "was taken by the mili tary authorities in the light of th present situation which made impossible for the mission to carry out its objectives." (Lehman said he hoped the situ ation would improve and that th mission would return when the dis turbance's. ceased.) In addition to Rallis, It was estlmaled 205 men and 30 wo- men prisoners fled, out of the 574 persons held at Avcroff. Most of the prisoners were swaltlng trial on political charg- es.. The ELAS: attack trapped th British garrison and 118 Greek gen darmea arid 149 wardens'in the pris on. A communique from the head quarters of Lieutenant General R M. Scobie, British commander ir Greece, said a mid-morning relic attack by British troops enable the imperial garrison, 130 of th Greek gendarmes and wardens an some prisoners to be evacuated. Th fate of those left was not immedi ately known. 45fh Division's Gen. Frederick 1s Allies' Most Wounded By CLARK SCHOOLEY The most wounded general in the Allied forces, wounded because h Insists on leading his men in every dangerous endeavor, has been namei commander of the 45th Division. He is Major General Robert T. Fred erick only 37, whose war record is filled with heroism for himself and th men under him. He holds the Distinguished Service Cross for heroism in Italy the Distinguished Service Medal for a special operational mission In Kiska in the Aleutians, and the Purple Heart with five clusters. He'd been wounded nine times at the last report. It was as organizer and com- mander of the First Special Service Force, "specialists in he gained outstanding acclaim. The force was made up of Canadian and American forces, working together for the first time. The force was fcknown for stamina and courage It was made up of hand-picked men cowpunchers, trap- pers, even men with jail records. I was expert in demolition, it trained on skis and snowshoes, it was out- in amphibious landings. When the Italian campaign was toughest, it was General Frederick who was called on to save the situa- tion. A Nazi force was atop a ma- jor defense mountain, accessible only by ropes up icy and snow- fcovered cliffs. General Frederick led his force by night so close the men could smell Gentian food. There they waited in the cold. Their clothes froze to the ground. They waited without _ shelter, without cover. They didn't cat; they didn't move for 12 hours. Came the dawn and over the cliff went General Frederick, followed by his men. The Weather 1 U S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABIIFVE AND V7C1.VITV: Partly cloudy ind warmer Wednesday: Tours- jjiv partlv cloudy. EAST TEXAS: Partly cloudy, warmer In east and soulh portion! Wednesday; Thursday partly cloudy, colder In In- TEXAS: Partly cloudy colder In Panhandle Wednesday; Thunday Tues. Mo 4 A.M. 33 31 'I'J 33 Tues. Mon. P.M. fin 4fi lo I) p. I BR and am! law tempr siil low m mft dale lait yiir: I 'insl night: ir tlili morning: GEN. HUBERT T. FREDERICK Panic, struck the Nazis. The entire force retreated six miles to Cassino. The SSF had 75 casualties. Then last January General Fred- erick and Ijls men held 10 miles of the Anzio beachhead 98 days. The SSF dealt with the Nazi patrols bushwhack and Indian style. The patrols would just disappear. The Nazis finally fell back five miles. The new commander'of the 45th pursued with tanks and armored cars. Fifty Nazis were killed, captured. Frederick had a single Canadian sprained his ankle. Winston Chiirchiil suggested the SSF and General Frederick drew the assignment hecause it was felt lie atone could do what was wanted. He joined the na- tional guard when 13, held a reserve, lieutenant's, commission when he was 16, graduated from West Point at 21 In 1928. He became a brigadier general tn January, 1944, and was pro- moted io major general last August. First called upon to investigate lossibilities of the SSF, Frederick Isited London and Ottawa. The Canadians consented to enter thtf See FREDERICK, Pg. 3, Col. S TANKMEN OF THE U. S. FIRST AEMY pause befor a wrecked building with their tank, the cannon of whic was shattered by a direct hit from a German 88MM. gun be fore the surrender of the Germans at Lucherberg, Germans oh. the Cologne front. (AP Who Is the Atlantic Charter? By The Associated WASHINGTON, Dec. 19 (if) President Roosevelt, return- ing to a Capital seething with debate on foreign policy, declar- ed today he still stands on the Atlantic Charter's principles. He lold a news conference thai the Charter does not exist as a formal document signed by himself and Prime Minister Churchill bul that it was sign- ed in substance. It was Mr. Roosevelt's first op- portunity to use the world sounding board of a White House conference in more than three weeks he returned this morning from a restful visit to Warm Springs, Ga. and he picked his way' carefully through a cross-fire of questions dealing forejgn., affairs. As ta result, direct specific' answers were far between. Besides the Atlantic Charter, the conference revolved about these key subjects: POLAND A reporter said the Washington "Evening Star" had a headline yesterday say- Ing the United States Opposes the Partition of Poland and the Washington "Times-Herald" had a headline saying This Country Supports the Partition." "Which do you the reporter asked. He much preferred the "Star" to the other paper, the President replied, adding that he did not say other newspaper because there was a distinction between a decent paper and an- other kind of paper. (Editor Prank Waldiop of the asked later if he wished to comment, told reporters tie did not.) GREECE A reporter told him British Labor Minister Ernest Be- vin had said that at Quebec the president Initiated a British plan for stabilizing Greece. Hadn't that aeen denied at the State Depart- ment? Mr. Roosevelt asked. Told it had not, he said perhaps some- thing more polite was said but tha inyway the reporter shouldn't bring that up because it was too conten- .ious. A general statement of American .'oreign policy a reporter said thai some of Mr. Roosevelt's strongest supporters in Congress as well as some of his strongest opponents were urging that he restate this country's Joreign policy. The Pres- ident said he didn't think he coul comment; that the policy was 0 the record, and he advised the Press against trying to restate it. A Roosevelt-Churchill-Stalln conference "do you welcome and do you foresee" an early See CHARTER, Pg. 3, Col. 4 Admiral Nimitz Gets Texas Flag HEADQUARTERS, U. S. PACIP- C FLEET, Dec. Jhester W. Nimitz. IISN, .command- r in chief of the U. S. Pacific Fleet nd Pacific Ocean areas has re- cived a Lone Star flag, a gift from he sons of the republic of Texas. The presentation to Admiral Nim- tz, a native of Fredericksbtirg. was nade at Pacific Fleet headquarters y Vice Admiral C. H. McMorris. JSN, chief of staff, on behalf ot larry Pennington, president of tlie 'exas organization. Another Texan, Lieutenant How- rd S. Smith, legal 'Officer on Ad- niral Nimitz' staff, represented the fflcers from the State on the Ad- Iral's staff nt the ceremony. Yes, Willie, There Is a Santa Glaus POCATELLO, Iila., Dec. Klssic, 25-year-old wounded merchant seaman, be- Ilrves that maybe there 1.1 a Santa Claus, bul it cost him to find it out. Klssle lost his icallct contaln- Inp the money just when It would have come In on a honeymoon In Oklahoma City. His story in papers brought dozem of cash offers and from a hotel manager an Invitation to occupy the bridal mitf. Chaplin on Stanc Cries at Court IDS ANGELES, Dec, 19 Charlie Chaplin, on wltnes stand .todayvjLp the -In' whfc Joan Berry irahis him named th father of her bahy, heat wllh hi fists on the arms of the witnes chair and shouted: "I. have committed no And then he turned to the coil: and half rising from the chnlr again shouted: "This man is trying to Infer that I am a Chaplin was referring to the vet eran Joseph Scott, counsel for Mis Berry. Scott was asking Chaplin de- tails of a conversation he had with Miss Berry after the girl, had In formed the comedian she was preg' nant. Scott asked Chaplin to tel the exact times Ue had sexual re- lations with Joan. "Sometime in February, I he replied. "I know we ceased our intimate relations about that time." "I'm talking: about sexual re- Scott shouted. "That's what I'm talking about, but that's veVy replied Chaplin. sard Scott, "that's what I'm talking about, too, and it is very harsh." Judge Henry M. Willis told Chap- lin that dramatics were not neces- sary, that counsel has the right to ask questions. Previously, Chaplin testified that he "lectured" his 24-year-old- pro- tege when she came to his Beverly Hills home with a pistol, and re- proached her for her threat to kill herself there after he had given her an opportunity at movie fame The 55-year-old comedian was wearing a dark blue suit with a blue nnd gray figured necktie. Before Chaplin took the stand, Joan's lawyer told the jury that she made repeated visits to the comedian's Beverly Hills home in 1942 to apprise him of her pregnant condition without result. "There are lots of babies around the attorney quoted the comedian as saying1 on one such occasion about June 1 of that year. Scott began his narrative of the alleged relations Between the come- dian and his ,tormer protege with the night of December 23, 1943, when he alleges Carol Ann Berry, now 14 months old, was conceived. That night, as Joan and Chaplin testified during his Mann Act trial ,ast spring when he was acquited of the Federal charge, she appeared at the Chaplin mansion with a pistol. The comedian, Scott related, ask- ed her if she was going to shoot lim with the weapon and she re- plied, "No, I am going to shoot myself." Defense attorney Charles E. Mil- ikan was brief: "Mr Scott has stated the only is- he told the jury, "and that is vhet'iier Mr. Chaplin is the father of this plaintiff. The defense will >rovfi he is not and could not be .he father of this child." "A-I3" Deadline WASHINGTON, Dec. 10 UP, Tliureriay Is the last day to use 'A-13' gasoline coupons. On Friday iix "A-14 coupons in each basic "A" look will become vnlld. Ench of the 14 coupons will be good for our Bnllons ol gasoline. They will fmain vnlid through March 21, 945. Nazis Gain 2 Miles In Powerful Lunge SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Paris, Dec. German Christmas counter-offensive on the Western Front assumed the'proporlions of an attempted major breakthrough tonight as the first frontline dispatches trickling through a news blackout disclosed that the U. S. First Army was massing infantry and armor in nn effort to stabilize the front. Yanks Trap Last Jap Leyte Force GENERAL MACARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Philippines, Dec, 19 largest Nipponese organized force still in action on west Leyte has been caught-In a trap and no organized resistance at newly invadec Mindoro has yet been encountered in twin battles for the Central Philip- pines. Fortresses Rip Reich Rail Beds LONDON, Dec. Flying Fortresses and British Lan casters cut a 50-mile-wide path of destruction today across German rail and road arteries opposite the hard-pressed U. S. First Army, de- spite nasty weather that shackled the bulk of Allied fighter strength In France and Belgium. Some 300 Fortresses scattered more than tons of high ex- plosive and fragmentation missies Detween Trier and Gemund on road and railintersectlons crowded with Mazl troops and vehicles being poured Into the current German offensive. The four-engine Lancasters of the RAP dumped another tons on Trier alone. From bases in Italy Fortres- ses and .Liberators of the U. S. -15th Air' Force .attacked Ger- man synthetic oil refineries at Blechhammer in Silesia for the fourth consecutive day. Other bombers of the 15th attacked targets in the Vienna area and railways in Germany, Austria and northern Yugoslavia. Supreme Allied Headquarters in 'aris reported that hundreds of Mustangs and Spit- ires were unable to get off fog- hrouded fields to get in the battle n support of Lieutenant General Courtney .H. Hodges' First Army roops. So the U. S. Flying Fortresses gain wpre summoned into the battle. They soared miles bove me clouds and bombed blind tut accurately with their "magic ye" radio beams. Goodfellow Fund Still Lacks The Abilene Goodfellow fund, vhich will supply food and other ecessitles for local needy fnm- ies on Christmas, still was about 450 short of the goal last Ight, with as the day's con- rlbutions. The committee in charge yester- ay announced the list of food to to each family. Included was wo sacks of fresh sausage, a ear- on of lard, a carton of butter, quart syrup, five pounds of sugar, two ounds of rice, jar of peanut but- er, can of sweet pottaoe.s, can of orn, can of tomatoes, pound of runes, tall can of milk, Mexican cans, two pounds of candy, two- ound cake, two apples for each ember of the family, a orange for ach member of family, and two aves of bread. Contributions yesterday included. thin Hopkins Society, Children Headquarters announced today that General Sosaki Suzuki's head- quarters town of Valencia and its airfield were captured Monday on west Leyte by 77th Division troops which have moved eight miles north above Ormoc. Meanwhile, dismounted First Cavalry Division troops driving; .south from the direction of Carigara Bay have seized Lonoy, six miles north of Valencia, and in so doing: have cut to the rear of forces pinned down by an- other southbound clement, the U. S. 32nd Division. General Douglas MacArthur said today the 77th was "rolling up rem- nants of the Yamashita Line." Over a week ago when the 77th made the amphibious land- Ing- near Ormoc which Jed to quick capture of that port, the Yamashita Line extended rough- ly for some 30 miles from the Palanas river 15 miles south of Ormoc to a point about an equal distance north of Ormoc. Since then the Yamashita Line has been wiped out south of Or- moc and cut into segments to the north. The enemy's 2Glh Di- vision was shattered in the south; hts 35th Division Is suf- fering the same fete In the north. The captured airfield near Val- liinclarhad-been'used as nn emergency strip by the enemy. This probably was the first time the Yanks under MacArthur ever won an airfield which would be put to immediate use by their own supporting planes. The successes give the Americans a major portion of the corridor road from Ormoc to Valencia although Isolated pockets of resistance re- main to be accounted for. First Two Tcxans From Leyte Home TEMPLE, Dec. first 'our casualties from the battle of Leyte arrived by plane at McCloskcy General hospital today after a six- stop aerial evacuation from the Philippines. Two of tlie men were Tcxans, Pri- vate First Class Demitri Ramirez of Lyford in the Rio Grande valley, and Private William Stella of Wich- ita Falls. of American Revolution and Pearl Miller ravellnr Men's Wives clu ,sh Music Cn...... rry Hays ib P. Nichols K. Batch I t.oo tn.ou tofarians to Host Christmas Program Some 150 Mexican children will e guests of the Abilene Rotarlans p. m. nt the dty hnll su- torium. Master of ceremonies will be Rud wan, Pjitary club director. The ogram Is under supervision of c Rotary Special Projects com- ittee composed of Frank Pruitt, F, Stewart, E. W. Berry, L. Jackson, D. P. Russcy, James tlson, Ernest Harper, L. P. Cook, om Russell, Ernest West and W. Miller. It is under the club serv- unit headed by W, A. Stephen- n. Here, Is Killed Pvt. Clarence Slaglc, who trained at Camp Barkeley, was killed In action in France, Dec. 10, his wife, the former Bobbie Low Miller, 441 Jcanette, was informed yesterday. Mrs. Single, who Is making her home with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Odell Miller, Is visiting his parents. Mr. and Mrs. August Sla- gle in Johnstown, Pa. The message was received here and Mrs. SlaRle was informed of his death by tele- phone. In service since May 13, 1043. Private Single trained at Ft. Knox, Ky., nd wns stationed at Barkeley i 10 months. He left for a port of embarkation In New York in Sep- tember. Twenty years old Dec. 3. Private Slagle and the former Miss Miller were married here June 24. Besides his wife nnd parents, ir, survived by one brother, W. C. Slagle; one half-brother. Francis Ruddon and one sister, Mrs. Eddie Ackler, all of Johnstown. Thick fog anil clouds masked German armor and virtually grounded the Allied Tactical Air Force, but two large forces of Americans and British heavy bombers thundered across the Channel and smashed at enemy's Immediate rear with tons of bombs. The German High Command declared that Nazi tanks had "broken through, smashed and dispersed units of the American First Army deep in the enemy's rear." A Berlin broadcast said the assualt was planned and was being directed by Hitler and claimed it already had cut the First Army in two. Although strict Allied censorship prevented disclosure of the extent of German preparation, It was permitted to be said that supply dumps and Installations were being hauled from the path of the enemy. It was plain that the Allied wint- er offensive had been fought to-a standstill all along the Western Front. Neither the Third Army in the Saar nor the Seventh, which in- vaded the Bavarian palatinate last week, reported gains of any conse- quence. Dispatches emphasized the fierce character of German resis- tance In every sector. Droves of enemy robot bombs battered Ameri- can lines day and night. Up to tonight the only specific; clue as to the extent of the German Shanghai Blasted By B-29s WASHINGTON, Dec. 19 (AP) The big Omxira aircraft factory on the Japanese home is- land of Kyushu came in for another blasting from American Superfortresses today while other B-29's hit targets at enemy-held Shanghai and Nanking on the Chinese mainland. These new blows in the stepped up air war aimed to knock out Jap- anese sources sf atrpowcr and sup- ply lines -for the enemy .forces In China were reported In n War De- partment communique. China-based B-28's in "Medium expression which usually SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION A BY FORCE, I'AIUS, Dec. The full and "truthful account of the reverses on the Amer- ican First Army front wilt be given the public at the earliest moment consistent with military security, Supreme Headquarters promised tonight. The statement was an answer to protests of American and British correspondents against the news blackout imposed on the German cwtmtc-r offensive in Belgium and Luxembourg. There was no indication, how- ever, as to how soon any part of the story would be brought into the open and no likelihood that the restrictions would be removed within the next 24 hours. Omxira about 40 through overcast with It wns the precision instruments. fifth time that Omura, which Ims huge aircraft assembly works, has been hit since last July. "Good to excellent" results were reported for the raids on docks and engineering works at Shanghai and Nanking. Tbc B-29's shot down five enemy fighters, probably gabbed three others and damaged an addi- tional nine although a com- munique said little opposition was encountered. Meantime checks of air photo graphs showed that, heavy damage. wns Inflicted by strikes 24 hours earlier at Nagoya. ,'inpnn'r. third city, and Hankow, Chlnn. Must Die PECOS, Dec. Jo- ph W. ORlesby tonight wns con- cted on charges of criminally nt- ckins a Pccos while girl nnd wns vcn the death pennlty in district urt here. Ex-Cowboy, Rodeo Star, Is Traffic Officer of Leyte LEi'TE, Philippines, Dec. Fir.st Class Marion West, 22, former Weed, X. M., cowboy and rodeo star, wrangled himself a rap- tured Japanese horse to become the first mounted military policeman on Leyte island. He also acquired his saddle from lialtlc lopl. Wc.-t, now with the. niith In- fantry Division, gallops past jeeps and other mechanized equipment to unsnarl traffic Jams. Crufchfield Band To Play Again at Christmas Ball ANSON, Dec. Abe Crutchfleld and his orchestra again will supply music for the four nights of the Cowboys Christmas ball at Pioneer nil which opens tomorrow night. For 10 years Mr. Crutchfiekl hns crved as master of music for the estival, and has directed music for he Anson group at four National 'oik festivals. J. L. Gordon will be floor man- ger. The following are serving as halrmcn of committees: Roy Mays, louse; C. W. Bartlett, decoration: H. O. Rowland and Arch Herndon, co-chairman of music; Judge Smith, broadcasting; Mrs. G. D. Leonora Barrett, Mrs. Bol- llt- Griffith, co-chairmen, publicity; Mrs. J. L. Gordon, grand march; Mrs. H. O. Rowland and Leonore Barren, co-chairmen, registration hostesses. penetration was the report that Brit- ish typhoons had attacked a gcore of enemy armored vehicles "west ol a town 22 ,mlles by road from the" lielcli frontier. Stavelot is 4 1-2 miles southwest of Mal- medy and 24 miles from the fortress city of Liege. sn one of the few Ifchter- bomher operations carried out today 24 Thunderbolts sprayed two long enemy convoys of tanks and guns near Zolplrh and schau, damaging at least five tanks. Revised U. S. Ninth Air Force figures claimed 112 Ger- man tanks, half-tracks and oth- er vehicles destroyed or dam- aged Monday. Despite the terrific enemy pres- sure against its right, the First Army sustained its pressure along the Roer river each of Aachen, sending patrols across the stream into the Nazi stronghold of Du- ren. 20 miles from Cologne. Fog rolled like grey surf along tha Ninth Army Front just to the north, while ever-increasing floods in Hoi- WITH THE U. S. SEVENTH ARMY IN GERMANY, Dec. 19 is per- sonally directing the Germans in (he Colmar-Jiulhouse pocket and on the Alsatian plain, say reports received by the Seventh Army. The Gestapo chieftain was said to have come to the Alsa- tian plain to urge the German forces there to resist as strong- ly as possible to relieve pres- sure on the Siegfried Line to (he north. The 25-mile long pocket between the Vosges mountains and the Rhine has been a problem to the Sixth Army group. The Germans re- cpndy have reinforced troops In this area. Methodists Launch Greatest Money Drive DALLAS, Dec. 19 Planning for participation of churches in the Methodist "North Texas Conference in the crusade for Christ, greatest financial drive in the history of thr. church, opened today at a meet- ing of pastors nnd laymen at the First Methodist Church. Committees were named, and plans for a series of district rallies throuchout the Conference dlscuss- :1. The 208 churches In (he conference liave been assigned a quota of 775, and have until March 1 to raise the money. The National quota i-s which will be used for world relief nnd rehabilitation. This Global War- SEE PAGE TllitliE, COLUMNS ONE AND TWO :ancl limited the British and Cana- clinns to patrolling. Clouds clung to the trcctops. German resistance stiffened markedly all alonff tlie Siegfried Line from Luxembourg to Swit- zerland and it was plain that the Allied n inter offensive had been fought to a temporary standstill. Lieutenant General George S. Pat- Sec NAZIS, Pasc 3, Column 2 Legion Protests Billings Parole KANSAS CITY, Kns., Dec. 19 Harry Brooks, chief probation officer of Kansas, today received a letter from the American Legion in Texas strongly protesting the Re- lease on probation of Arthur Good- wyn Billingf, former University of Texas teacher serving a two-year prison sentence for refusal to be in- durted into the service.