Abilene Reporter News, December 19, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

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Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - December 19, 1944, Abilene, Texas SIXTH WAR LOAN Quota Series E Quota Series E Sales Abilene VOL. LXIV, NO. 181 A TEXAS 'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT NEWSPAPB ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 19, 1944. -TWELVE PAGES Aisocated Presi (AP) vnitei Presi PRICE FIVE CENTS Germans Pound 1st Army For 18-Mile Belgian Gain i Mindoro Bag J42Japlanes By DEAN SCHEDLER GENERAL MACAKTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Philippines Tuesday, Dec. Cserious damaging of 742 Japanese rplanes during the past week was disclosed by General Douglas MacArthur today as American in- vasion troops met no resistance" on Minfloro island. The Japanese planesfwere baggei land-based American alrcraf anil planes operating from Admira William F. Halsey's Third Fleet. The chief American purpose in seizing Mindoro island is the con- struction of airdromes from which further to harry the Japanese. Ma- is only a half hour's flight from Mintloro. American and Australian construction men were busy put- ting airstrips into shape. The communique said the Yankee landing on Mindoro had "caught hit (the enemy) completely off and ex- cept for a few nuisance air at- tacks, the Americans were mak- ing their scheduled progress. Invasion of mmdoi'o has been the easiest major job of. the Pacific Press Correspondenl "Elmont White, writing from 'Min- doro, said- "che Japanese have of- fered not the slightest resistance as yet, aside from harasslnig air at- tacks by a few planes." He said the invasion has been -moving "swifter than had been The fast developing incur- sion of Mindoro island, just south of Luzon on which Manila is situ- ated, already had enveloped the coastal plain area around San Jose where the Americans landed vir- without resistance last Frl- Commanding ground six miles beyond San Jose had been seized, said Monday's communique, and construction of airdrome sites was being pushed. The Yank defense arc around the beach- head extended inland, 11 miles at its greatest depth. That would place forward positions in the southwestern foothills of the lofty mountain range run- ning the length of Mindoro. The enemy tsill had not recoiled from the surprise landing on Min- doro and a headquarters spokesman said Monday that resistance con- tinued scant. The success of Amer- ican carrier planes In destroying jnd pinning down the Nipponese Airforce on Luzon again was brought out by headquarters, which said enemy air activity was "ne. eligible." ,H. 1 Heinz Picks Newspaper for Ads HARRISBURG, Pa., Dec. newspaper advertising budget 1945 "many times greater" than for previous year has been decided upon by the H. J. Heinz company, the, Pennsylvania Newspaper Pub- lishers' Association said today. The PNPA said in a statement H. J. Heinz IT, president of the "fcompany, reported the company will discontinue sponsorship of the radio program "Information Please" 'and place the bulk of its future adver- tising in newspapers. Heinz told the Association the de- Ifision was made as the result of comprehensive surveys before Pearl Harbor to determine the best ad- vertising media for food products. The Weather V. S, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU Ami.EN'K AND VICINITY: Fair and not quite so Tuesday. Wednesday fair and .warmer. EAST and not quilc so Anld Tuesday; Wednesday fair in north- WiSt, partly cloudy in and south; warmer'' Wednesday.. Fresh winds on coast dlmhii.'hinc Tuesday. WEST (air Tues- day and Wednesday. Xot quite no cold Tuesday and Tuesday night....... TEMPERATURES Mnn. Sun. Men. HOUR I.... P.M. .10 SO II B........ 47 14 '15 Jfl High and low m.: 40 and 27. High and low and 'Jft. Sunset liiM n I C in: fltfl. Kunrlxe morntnjf; .Suniel tonlKhl: SO 4S ft........ 35 42 .III........ 41 .11........ 3R .12........ temprraturui to ff p. dnlc year: THE HUMBLE OIL AND REFINING CO., held open house at their Baytown plant as the billionth gallon of 100 octane gasoline was produced :In the above photo are; left to right, Vice Admiral Wm. Smith, Director of Naval Transportation; Bruce K. Brown, ass't Deputy Petroleum Administrator, P. A. W.; Harry C. Wiess, President Humble Oil Co.; Maj. Gen. Herbert E. Harimon, Commanding General of AAF, Atlantic N. J. Giant Jap Balloon Fo u nd inMonta na KALISPELL, Mont., Dec. l Federal Bureau of Investi- gation announced tonight that paper balloon 33 1-2 feet in diame- ter, bearing Japanese characters had been found in a mountain re. gion near here. U. S. Agrees To Partition Of Poland WASHINGTON, Dec. 18 OP) The United. States restored some semblance of harmony to the ranks of the Big Three to- day by a declaration of agree- ment in principle to a partition of Poland, demanded by Russia and approved by Britain. The United States agreement, set forth in a statement by Secretary of State Stettinius, was made con- ditional on mutual accord by the Nations directly concern- ed" in the new Polish frontiers. By these nations, it was estab- lished, Stettinius meant Poland and the Soviet union, which seeks the eastern third of Poland, The Secretary of Stale infer- cnlially urged such an accord, saying it could contribute to prosecution of the war and that Poland could have American as- sistance in transfers of popula- tion and rehabilitation of rie- vastcd areas. A substitute for an ironclad Am- erican guarantee of their proposed lew borders, ruled out by tradition- al u. S. policy, the Poles were of- 'ered the general security envisaged under the United Nations organiz- ition. On Capitol Hill, Senator Connally, if Texas, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said: "The settlement of boundaries rising from the war ought to be de- ayed until the definitive peace ,reaty. The war is not over and oth- settlements are to be made, and hey ought to he made all togeth- er." nvasion Casualties Reach WASHINGTON, Dec. 'nvasion operations in France, the owlands and the German border region cost the Army Ground Forces casualties totaling up to De- cember 1, the War Department re- ported today. The total included killed, wounded and missing. Airforce casualties were not in- iluded In the report. Casualties re- ported in November amounted to the Department sa'.d, fldd- ng that this figure might, include asualties from previous months. An official statement said the balloon had attached to its side ah incendiary device, apparently in- tended for destruction of the bal- loon. An FBI spokesman gave this explanation-of the find: "On December 11, 1944, a wood- chopper named Owen Hill, and his father, O. B. HiJ.l, who had been working in a mountainous forest region 17 miles southwest of Kalis- pell, Montana, reported to the Sher- iff's office the discovery of an ob- ject which was thought to be a par- achute. "It was brought into town the next day and the FBI office at Buttc, was advised. Upon ex- amination, the object was dis- covered to be 33 1-2 feet in diameter, with a gas capacity of over cubic feet and a carrying capacity of at least 800 pound net. "The bag itself is of high grade processed paper. There appeared on the balloon Japanese characters in- dicating completion of construction at the factory on October 31, 1944. Attached to the side of the balloon was an incendiary device with a fuse apparently intened for its destruc- tion. A typical balloon rope struc- ture attached to the flange around the bag ended in an elastic type cable at the bottom which had been severed. And no determination has been made of the use for which it was intended. Prevailing winds on the West Coast have blown strongly di- rectly from the west or north- west in recent weeks and per- sons experienced in the use of free balloons report they are known to travel at speeds well in excess of 200 miles an hour. The ballooon has been turned over to tiie military authorities who together with the Navy checked into the matter with the FBI." The balloon was found by ranch- er Hill and his son while cutting. wood in a grove of trees. Thr- bal- loon apparently had settled into the soft snow at night. Deputy Sheriff Royal Hopkins iaid Hill reported the find imme- diately and Sheriff Duncan Mc- Carthy took a party out to investi- :ate. "There was a rising sun In green tainted on it, and there was iriental printing on it that looked rap to said Hopkins. "It was :ream colored, about 50 feet long ir.d about 150 feet around. The lomb-looking a foot was attached to the balloon and there were several fuses on It." Tho balloon was brought to Ka- ispell and locked in a garage until Federal Bureau of Investigation agents arrived and took It to Butte. Calls headquarters for Idnho FBI district. the Montana- Overseas Veteran Killed in Auto CHILDRESS, Dec. Sergeant Tommy Moreland, 24, who was wnunrlert and returned to the United States after 16 months duty overseas, was killed early today when the car In which he was rid- ing overturned on a highway north- west of here. WASHINGTON, Dec. 18 (IP) The War Department announced today that It has asked Selective Service to Increase 'the Army's Jan- uary and February calls' from 000 to Th3 Department said that since last July it has asked Selective Ser- vice for fewer men than the esti- mated requirements. The deficits were made up by combing Army units to obtain men for field service: By this method, the Department said the Selective Service call had been held to 60.000 a month, but that it is now necessary to step up the calls by a month. It will be determined later, the Department said whether it will be necessary to continue the rate in March and April. Selective Service meantime an- nounced that all men under 30 who had been rejected for military ser- vice since last February 1. except, those with obvious physical defects will be reexamined next year. A Selective Service official said the order already in the hands of Local Draft Boards applies princi- pally to "Border line cases." Selective Service said the Army agreed to reexamlne the men to de- termine whether some of the "bor- der line cases" might be available for general duty. The matter was taken up with the Army after Se- lective Service noted an increase in the number of rejections of men once found fit for service but sub- sequently turned down when finally called for Induction. The Army ordlnarly gives draft- cos a second examination if they are called for induction more than 90 days after taking their original examination. Blasts From Nazi V-Weapons Rock Entire First and Ninth Army Sectors By GEORGE TUCKER SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Paris, Dec. Great German counteroffensivc, hammering a dent In U. S. First Ai'my lines, plunged at least 18 miles inside Belgium today despite a lashing ground defense and Allied air blows that knocked out 95 enemy tanks and armored vehicles and dam- aged 26 more. First indication of the extent of the German drive came fropj.the.U. S. Ninth'Air Force, which announced that British Typhoons had attacked 20 German armored vehicles "west o'f, which is 18 miles west of the frontier and 24 miles southwest of the fortress of Liege. This was 15 miles from where the lines stooil before the German'push began. Both the First and Ninth Army sectors were bombarded day and night by a new German V-Weapon of undisclosed nature. The front rocked to the explosions of the weapons and the thunder of American anti-aircraft fire. 'Flares lightened the night sky. Through heavy censorship of ground troop movements on the First Army front came reports of pilots participating In thr greatest destruction of enemy armor since the battle of the Falalse Gap In Normandy last summer. U. S. fighterbombcrs lending priceless aid to ground troops, many of whom had their positions overrun, ripped up and down the Western Front, destroying an additional 265 transport vehicles. They also pounded German troops and gun positions, bombing and strafing. The German high command hurled scores of thousands of crack troops and large numbers of tanks into the great fluid baltye that may decide the entire course of World War II. Once more the Germans threw their air force into the battle, nJtacWng up to 300 strong, but 45 of them were knocked from the sky to swirling aerial dogfights abnve the battlefield. Front-line officers of the U. S. First Army made no attempt to mini- mize the seriousness of this supreme effort to stall the Allied drive on the counter-offensive reminiscent of Ludendorf's final push to the spring of 1918. At 4 p. m. an Ironclad censorship of news was imposed on thfl entire length of the First Army front which earlier dispatches haj was alive with German attacks of varying strength from Duren 10 miles south, to southern Luiembonvg. As the battlq mounted In Intensity, the Germans uncorked it brand Superforts Active Again Over Nagoya Air Plants ZiST. BOMBER COMMAND, Salpan, Dec. (Via Navy Radio) first B-29 formations attacking Nagoya this afternoon found the clly: completely obscured by overcast, but they dropped their bombs bj precision instruments through the The raiders over until mid-afternoon, however, and 4he last two formations found the clouds dissipated sufficiently to enable them to drop their explosives visually. Crews returning tonight reported Obligatory Army Training Seethes WASHINGTON, Dec. 18 (tft The political hot potato of compul- sory military training will be sizz- ling in the hands of Con- gress before the new members get their chairs warm. Tlie Army wants it. The President also wants something of the sort, but apparently nobody's sure yet just what Mr. Roosevelt would like to have along with it. Veterans organizations are for it but numerous religious groups are just ns certain it's bad business. Chairman May (D-Ky) of the House Military Committee wani.s it but Isn't sure Just how many of his colleagues do. May proposes to hold hearings in January. Bomb Load Hurled on Reich Rails LONDON, Dec. (IF) emergency sky express of American war planes from Britain streaked through solid clouds over western Germany today and hurled a cargo of of bombs on the Rhine railheads of Cologne, Coblenz and spring- boards for the German offensive on the Western Front. More than 500 Flying Portresses and 600 escorting Mustangs of the U. S. Eighth Air Force were risked in weather so hazardous that nor- mally they would have been kept on the ground. After nightfall the German radio warned that fast-flying bomber formations, probably RAF Mosqui- tos, were approaching southwestern Germany. Joining the attack, heavy bombers of the U. S. 15th Air Force, with protecting fighters hammered German synthetic oil refineries in Silesia and mili- tary targets in the Vienna area from bases in Italy. The mighty Britain-based aerial fleet was guided through cloud walls five miles thick by radio, and the bombardiers dropped their explo- sives by instrument. The Luftwaffe did not interfere with the emer- gency mission and the flak was re- ported generally meager. So solid were the clouds the Mustangs could not find the ground to carry out any straf- ing jobs. Fighter pilots kept in Britain1 yes- terday by. the poor continental' weather were again robbed of a ;hance to slug enemy ground trans- port, and help inflict further losses on the German air force, which in the last 36 hours has lost at least 207 planes to Allied pilots. In the last 36 hours possibly more than Allied planes have pound- ed Nazi targets with some tons of explosives, with at least 75 per cent of the mighty aerial power being concentrated against field Marshal von Rundstedt's offensive. Former Taylor County Resident Succumbs M. Adair, former resident of Taylor county, died unexpectedly of a heart attack at his home In Lamcsa at 7 p. m. Monday, Abilene relatives were ndviscd last night. Planning to attend the funeral, tentatively set for Wednesday aft- ernoon in Lamcsti arc Ills sister, Mrs.. C. L. Alexander; hnlf-brothcr, Alfred Alexander; half-sister, Mrs. J. M. Moody and sister-in-law, Mrs. Dock Anderson. Mr. Adnlr was n re- tired farmer ters and estimated group at 70 planes. a considerable number of fighters, particularly against the later unite, but comparatively few showed any aggression. The airmen reported a number of fires in Nagoya's industrial water- front area. The great Superfortresses In their raids today aimed especially at Na- goya's aircraft factories. The enemy was more specific. The Japanese radio described an 18- hour series of Superfortress raids on important war production cen- the Nagoya It admitted damage there, where the great Hat- sudoki aircraft works of the Mitsu- bishi interests offers the best air- craft production target in Japan. The enemy broadcasts, inter- cepted by the Federal Com- munications Commission, said Nagoya took the weight of the evplosive and fire-bombs, but reported Yokosuka and Shi- zuoka were hit too. A communique from Imperial headquarters dismissed Nagoya damage as slight, but a Japanese do- mestic broadcast Bald "resolute fighting" had been required to put out fires. A feint toward Tokyo preceded the Nngoya strike, the Japanese broadcasters said, and the big bombers flew over Osaka, Kobe and Koyto without bombing. Tokyo put the start of the raid series at 9 p. m., Sunday night. Jap- anese time, when a single plane bombed Nagoya. One more went over at a. m. today, and eight others flew over six hours later without bombing, the broadcast re- ported. The Japanese said the main at- tack started at 1 p. m., with the big planes went over Nanking, capital of their puppet Chinese government, but dropped no bombs. Major Bong Runs Jap Score to 40 At a Leyte Alrbase, Philippines, Dec. 18 Major Richard I. Bong of Poplar, Wise.. America's ace. ran his string of Japanese air victims to 40 planes sy bagging a fighter over Mindoro yesterday. It was the second victory in a week for the Congressional Medal of Honor pilot. Taking advantage of a. break in he weather, Bong scurried up to the American beachcad on. Mindoro. Soon he picked up a Japanese In- ;rudcr, up on Its tail and sent it down flaming. new V-weapon; and by day and night' bombarded forward us well rear areas. Its nature was obscured by official censorship.. More parachute troops In: small groups were'dropped last night behind the U. S. Ninth Army's lines to the north, where the new secret weapon first was reported. The Germans also were hammering. the Ninth's positions with big railway guns on an Increased scale. Once more some Belgian civilians, fearful of a major German breakthrough, were picking up their belongings and fleeing: west, just as they had done before the onslaught of Hitler's legloni In J940. Par to the southwest four U. S. divisions edged forward Into the Ger- man palatinate's Siegfried Line defenses on a 14-mile front extending from the Rhine westward. One tank division penetrated seven rows of the line's dragon teeth tank barriers north of Wissemuourg. Twenty three miles west of Wlssemnourg, the German-manned Maglnot fortifi- cations around the fortress of Bitche were crumbling under comblnld assault of doughboys, engineers and artillerymen pouring everything into the big concrete forts. Farther west, the U. S. Third Army announced it had driven to the eastern edge of the Siegfried fortified city of Dlllingen, in the western Saar, and that only five strong pillboxes remained to be reduced before the occupation was complete. Three miles south, another strongpoint hi the Saarlautern suburb of Eoden fell, and in the southern Saar gains of a half mile were recorded. If the German counter-offensive succeeds even moderately, the end of the war may be delayed many months. A full scale victory for Field Marshal Karl Gcrd von Rundstedt would (five the Germans time to prepare fresh blows that would drag the war.throughout 1945. To one extent the German counter-offensive failed. It faileod to force the First Army to let up pressure on the crucial Roer river front, gateway to the Rhineland without whose heavy Industry production the enemy could not long wage war. A shortage of ammunition, frankly admitted by General Elsen- howcver and President Roosevelt, and a shortage of manpower which a front dispatch said recently forced '-he draining of new divisions to replace battlefront casualties, may he a decisive factor. On this may hinge whether the German offensive can be broken before It effectively cripples Allied winter plans. The Germans arc abundantly supplied for this current drive, (The London Daily Mail quoted captured Germans as saying Adolf Hitler visited the Roer front 10 days ago to buck up morale, and told troops to hold on until Dec. 16 when he promised the Amer- icans would be dealt a nasty surprise.) The character, quality and scope of the offensive came as a stir- prise, observers who have returned from the front since the batt.'4 began said minor action had been expected, but few realized it was an all-out winter offensive until a number of American positions had been overrun and the Germans had bitten deeply into Belgium. BULLETIN LONDON, Tuesday, Dec. sky over London was filled with the rumble ol heavy bombers for more thnn an hour last night as a large force spetl toward the continent. It was believed to be the larg- est force of heavy aircraft to pass over the city In months, Indicating a particularly strong blow at the Germans was being made. RAF Smashes Nazi Polish Port LONDON, Tuesday, Dec. 19 _ A strong force of perhaps 500 RAP Lancaster! smashed at German shipping In the big Polish port of Gdynia nortli of Danzig last night after British-based American warplanes made emergency day- ilght attacks through clouds against three railheads used to supply the Nazis' new Western Front offensive. Government Seizure WASHINGTON, Dec. IB OP) The War Labor Board made ready tonight to Invoke the weapons of seizure or economic sanctions as Montgomery Ward continued U riefy WLB directives. Hitler Credited With Surprise Nazi Success LONDON, Dec. lin propagandists hinted today thai Marshal von Rund- stedt's eounter-offcnslvo might be a "peace offensive" designed, through attrition, Co gain for Germany something better than unconditional surrender. Dr. Karl Scharping, the Ger- man radio's chief political com- mentator, "in view of our offen- sive in the west Germany must force her enemies to go ail out to such an extent that Inch dif- ficulties at home, their losses at the front and their general wear and tear will no longer warrant the value of their poli- tical alms. We must make fho struggle 'oo costly for the ene- my." German propagandists also were using the counterattack as an answer to the "Where's Hit- mystery. The Navy mili- tary radio said; "we can tell you now why Hitler has been silent. He is not III hut has been busy preparing this new offensive down to (he minutest detail." ;