Abilene Reporter News, December 17, 1944 : Front Page

Publication: Abilene Reporter News December 17, 1944

Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - December 17, 1944, Abilene, Texas f SIXTH WAR LOAN County Quota Series E Quota Series E Sales Abilene Reporter- WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT SUNDAY VOL. LXIV, NO. 179 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 17, 1944-THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS tooclatal Prttt IAP) VnittA Pres> iv.P.1 PRICE FIVE CENTS RedsSeen As Leader for Peace BURCOTE BROOK, NEAR ABIN- Berkshire, Dec. asefield, England's Poet Laureate, said today he believes Russia will be one of the strongest forces for peace in the post-war world. "Russia seems determined there -fall not be another European war, that the craze for conquest shall no't again get out of hand on this con- the. 69-year-old gray-haired man of letters said in an interview. ,AMasefield predicted that Russia come out of the war "with plen'cy of weight behind her con- victions; lor we have seen an as- tounding feat in the east. A pro- foundly significant rebirth of a vast within a generation. will emerge triumphantly from the war, knowing her political system will stand almost any shcck and with the knowledge that she virtually has saved Europe. Her voice will be strong indeed in world Auncils." Masefleld said the two "danger points" in Europe as he saw them "are Germany and the Balkans. Russia will have her realistic way dealing witli the Germans, and she may well be a means of controlling greats in the entire Balkan area." Chaplin Trial Resumes Monday L-OS ANGELES, Dec. 16 Charlie Chaplin will assume the role. f witness Monday against himself Joan Berry's paternity suit. The 55-year-old comedian's ap- pearance promises a welcome break in the boredom, of jury selection, still unfinished. Attorneys now say they'll complete the jury .to jig- i'fime, then call- Dr.; Russell Starr as 'witness as wit- ness No. 2, Dr. Starr delivered Miss Berry of her baby, Carol Ann, 14 months ago. And now Carol Ami's guardian Miss Berry want Chaplin gaily named as the father, al- though blood tests and Chaplin- deny his parentage. Joseph Scott, Miss Berry's law- yer, said he summoned Chaplin as an "adverse witness" under a provi- sion of California law which per- Sivts this procedure. Thus, he added, plaintiff's counsel can endeavor to make the defendant testify against himself. Miss Berry, 24, former drams dis-. ciple of the white-haired Chaplin, to court Tuesday, possibly with her baby, Scott announced. Doctor Shortage Seen After War DALLAS, Dec. 16 An acute shortage of doctors on the civilian front can be expected for some time a'ter the war Is over as the services Will have need of most of their medi- cal men for a long period of time. Major General George P. Lull, de- puty surgeon general of the Army, said here today. "The peak in hospital load pro- kibly will not be reached until long after hostilities he said. Scores Arrested In China Smuggling NEW DELHI, Nov. (Delayed) investigation by U. S. Army authorities has resulted in court martial and arrest of scores of American service men and civilians in the past year on charges '34: smuggling contraband into China over the famous Hump" airline, it was learned today. With the cooperation of British, Chinese and Indian officials, Army investigators now have largely an International syndicate yf.iich for three years dealt in stolen lend-lease supplies, Government property, gold currency and other soods flown into isolated and in- flation-ridden China, it was said. The Army withheld all names. The Weather S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU (k4BII.ENF. ANI> and irarmcr Monday partly cloudy roolcr. EAST TEXAS: Fair and warmer In Interior Sunday. Monday, fair except partly cloudy and cooler In northeast WEST Fair except partly cloudy and cooler in Panhandle Sunrtny. partly cloudy. 6.1. Fri. A.M. 41 12 II M M .18 M 34 :a TEMPERATURES HOUR I----- _ i.... _ ii_ Sal. rrl. P.M. M HI .Id J7 J2 fi....... 47 .in !l........ 41 IS .10........ 42 43 .11........ 45 ...........12........ 44 and trmperxtiirex In p. m.: Hume date last 01 and .11. Itlxr. jind 1 rtt and 25, liii nlthl: HunrlKe thli mornlnK: Sunicl lonlilil: Trouble Seethes in Wake of Liberation Atlantic Ocean' Disorders mark protests against Picrlof, Cabinet; Left-Wings Accused of attempt to overthrow government-. ritish, Greeks battle ELAS, who tcck to stilt government; Britain pleases support to Papandrcou's administration. Mediterranean Sea ittcr internal feud preceded emergence of Tito's movement as dominanf authorirv; all-party federal government studied movement1 demands representation in, reform of returning government; long- exiled Red Leader Thorei returns from Russia with slogan "Win War First." m______ Britain "veto" of Count Sforza as premier fans new strife flames; Italian Fascist purge demanded by Socialists. E Bond Sales County Quota With the termination of the Sixth War Loan drive, which ended last nteht at midnight, Taylor county shows an oversubscription of in series E bonds above the set quota of Total sales were C. M. Caldwell, county chair- man, announced last night. Overall sales went S805.000 above the quota of reaching a total of Caldwell an- nounced. The county chairman broadcast over KRBC last night ex- pressing his appreciation to Taylor countians for participating so full- heartedly in buying bonds. Although the drive is officially over, bonds sold throughout .De- cember will count toward drive sales. Jones Way Over STAMFORD, Dec. 16 (Spil Jones county surpassed both its overall and series E quotas by a comfortable margin, according to a report Saturday afternoon by T. A. of Stamford, county chairman in the Sixth War Loan drive. Series E sales were with a quota of overall sales were with a quota of S920.000. Local chairmen were Knox Pittard. Anson: Tate May. Hamlin; and Frank Morrow, Stamford. Scurry Also Over SNYDER, Dec. F. G. Scars, county chairman of Scur- ry county, could not give accurate figures last nigh', he stated that Scurry had gone at least over its series E bond quota of and had also oversubscribed its overall quota of Mitchell Possed COLORADO CITY, Dec. 3 p. m. Satin-day. Mitchell county had far exceeded its quotas in the Sixth War Loan drive. With a quota of set for series E bonds. 225 had been sold. Overall sales were with a quota of 000. Hap Bullock is county chairman of the drive. Shackelford Over ALBANY. Dec. F. Eed- wlck, county chairman of SliRckel- ford county in the Sixth War Loan drive, reported yesterday that 237.50 of series E bonds had been sold, with a quota of Over- all sales nlfo exceeded the quota, S352.502 havins been sold, with a quota of Runnels Succeeds WINTERS, Dec. 16 Runnels county sales went over the top in the Sixth War Loan drive, John q. See E BOND, Pf. 11, Col. 5 Three Army Fliers Killed in Crash DEI, RIO, Dee. 16 Three Army fliers were killed in the crash of a training plane two miles south of the main airdrome at Laughlin Field here last night and Field offi- cials listed the victims as: 2nd. Lt. Robert, C. Besselman. Eli- zabeth. N. J.; 2nd. Lt. Francis T. Haeemann, Ft. Jennings, Ohio; and Staf Sergeant Lester L. Lippokl, Phoenix, Ariz. Veronica Lake Is Married, Boys HOLLYWOOD, Dec. 16 Screen actress Veronica Lake of Peeka-a-boo" hairdo fame and film director Andre dc Toth were married tonipht at the home of Ed (Archie) Gardner, star of the Duffy's Tavern radio .show. The marriage was the first for de Tooth, 31. Miss Lake's divorce from Major John Dctlle, former studio art director, became final recently. ROOSEVELT'S ELECTION IS ALMOST A CERTAINTY By The Associated Press WASHINGTON. Dec. dent Roosevelt gets elected to a lourth term Monday. The vote won't be counted for nearly three weeks, but it will be 432 for him to 99 for Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York. If you think that's a combination of stale news and rash prediction, hunt up your copy of the Constitu- tion and it will remind you that it wasn't a President you voted for on November 7. but a set of Electors. Those Electors get together in each Stale December 18 for the vot- ing which technically determines who will mn the country in the next four years, Congress does the counting on January 6, at a joint Eenatd-House, session and that makes the result of the election of- ficial. While a few of the official counts are still under rechcck, the latest totals Saturday night sTiowed B plu- rality of for Mr. Roosevelt over Governor Dewey. A slate lias, as many electors as it does congressmen and senators, and the national total is 531. If a state went democratic, its electors are not legally-bound to vote for Roosevelt. Just what would happen if a batch of them changed their minds and voted for the other candidate is a matter that provokes a lot if WPB Moves To Keep Workers On Munition Line WASHINGTON, Dec. The War Production Board today threw.-its weight into the drive to keep workers on the munitions lines by freezing its programs for civil- ian goods production at current levrls. A spokesman for the office of civilian .rcqillremcnis however. this assurance: ''Civilian production necessary to meet essential require- ments will be fully protected." He noted also that authorized production in the present quarter, the yardstick for future civilian out- put, is at the highest level since the conversion of industry to war production. Dr. Morrow Elected To Head Texas Medics DENISIN, Dec. 16 Dr. W. C. Morrow, Greenville, heads the North Texas Medical Association for next year. At a meeting of the Association here Wednesday, attended by repre- sentatives from 14 counties. Dallas was chosen for the June. 1045, meet- Ing. intermittent discussion. Some members of congress want to junk the whole electoral college system, even though it is a century and half old. They say that's one of its it's archaic. They say, too, that it is possible for a man to win a majority of the popu- lar vole and still not get enough electorial votes to make him presi- dent. There wasn't any chance of that happening this year. The newest Associated Press tabulation of popu- lar votes showed today that of a lotal of Roosevelt got and Dewey Other candidates polled or 0.7 per cent. Luzon By U.S. Fliers WASHINGTON, Dec. Battering Luzon Harbor areas, American planes sank two small Japanese ships and left 15 others burning or damaged, the Navy re- ported tonight. Tour of the damaged ships were enemy destroyers or destroyer es- corts endeavoring vainly to protect cargo and transport craft. The hard-hitting carrier-based United States bombers and fighters were backing up General MacArthur's invasion of Minduro. In addition to the heavy damage to enemy shipping, the Navy re- ported. 11 more Japanese planes were destroyed in the air, bringing to 235 the number of enemy planes destroyed In three days rf attacks which began Wednesday morning. An additional 138 enemy planes were damaged on the ground. Army Discloses Air Crash Victims KANSAS CITY, Kas., Dec. 16 Names, of the. three, crew mem- bers aboard a B-24 bomber which crashed yesterday into Lake Pepin near Pepin. Wis.. were released to- day by the 33rd Ferrying Command. they included: Captain Dan D. Mitchell, pilot, son ot Mrs. Lois Mitchell, of Houston, and Flight Officer Buddy Bob lieasley, co-pilot son of James H. Beasley, of Lub- bock. At first, it wa.s reported two or more pararhut.s had been seen in the air before the crash, but care- ful search has failed to locate any of the men. Major Charles E. Haust said the men are listed as missing pending examination of the plane wreckage. Mac's Troops Seize Mindoro Air Field Greek's eace Spurned ATHENS, Dec. ant-Generaf Honnld M. Scobie re- jected pence proposals of the EAM (le'r-wing National Liberation Front Party) today because the Leftists' offer Jailed to provide im- mediate cessation of resistance and fighting continued in the Capital. A British Headquarters state- ment said, "General Scobie must continue to insist upon satisfactory fulfillment of this condition." Scobie, the British command- er in Greece, has demanded that all EIiAS (fighting branch of the EAM) supporters in Athens and Its port, Piraeus, stop fifhl- Ing against British and Greek Government troops and surren- der their aims. The lone of his reply to the EAM peace offer today, however, was re- garded as hopeful. The headquarters statement said Scobie does not believe there will be any difficulty in' Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander's being able to Initiate necessary steps to bring the turmoil to an end and restore to all Greeks, whatever their opin- ions, the enjoyment.of their demo- cratic liberties." Scobie earlier had-.pledged that Alexander, Supreme Allied Com- mander in the Mediterranean, would take over the' task of ending the conflict within Greece when the armed civil strife Is ended. The EAM. peace offer Included these conditions: That a new government bo formed to neal with ihe ques- tion of disarming guerrilla forces; That suspected Axis collabora- tors be prosecuted That Greek government troops be, removed from Athens. In regard to Ihe latter, the Brit- ish statement said that Scobie was prepared to order these troops to re- turn to the barracks where they were when hostilities with the ELAS began If his requirements were carried out by the EAM and ELAS. Roosevelt's Views On Poland Asked WASHINGTON. Dec. suggestion Hint President Roosevelt's views on Rnwian territorial claims n'alnst, Poland be placed In the Congressional Record was marie In tht Senate today. Arising after Senator Danahrr (R-Conn) had offered a text of Prime Minister Churchill's speech in Commons yesterday supporting the Russian claims, Senator Van- deiibprg (R-Mlchi rirclarcd: "I should greatly appreciate the inclusion "f a speech from tin1 President should one become avail- able for insertion in the Congres- sional Record." German Crashes By The Associated Press American forces of liberation, operating on Mindoro island within 155 miles ot Manila, scored advances of from seven to nine miles inland from other beachheads and took the town of San Jose, General Douglas MacAnithur reported ioday. i The Yanks, meeting on negligible Japanese opposition, pushed toward Mindoro s cen- tral mountain range from the Island's southwest coast where they landed Friday morning. American and Australion engineers were rushing work on an airfield in the invasion sector. San Jose fives miles inland from the beachheads, has an air field. The Gill U. S. Army inva- sion of Mindoro island plus new American Fleet tactics and Filipino guerrilla success- es piil a new and mighty crisis before Japanese war leaders. Sailing 600 miles between islands which the Nipponese in nearly three.years in the Philippines have failed to conquer, the Yanks made their beachheads Friday morning on southern Mindoro ,vith little loss, General Dou- Germans Loose Barrage Of Shell and Fire Along 200-Mile Western Front SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCES, Paris, Dec. German counter at- tacks were opened today al a dozen points on the 70-mile first U. S. Army front between DUTCH and Trier, the heaviest fighting occurring in the Ardennes forest. The counter thrusts were an apparent effort to draw off pressure against the Durcn sector. All along a front of more than 200 miles, where four American Armies have invaded Germany, the enemy loosed artillery oarages which reached an intensity of 100 shells an hour on some U. S. First Army sectors, and up to 250 an hour on the U. S. Third Army front in the Saar basin. The thunder of explosions set off b.v (lie Germans destroy- ing the last bridges across the Rorr river Indicated that they liar! [riven up hope of holdlrur back the First Army on the YANKS BOMB NAZI RAILS LONDON, Dec. force of 100 U. S. heavy bombers dumped explosives on railroad yards north of Stuttgart today, blasting the enemy transportation hu'u :'or the second .time Jn eight days In sup- port of Seven'th Army columns In- vading Germany north of Stras- bourg. Pilots of 100 Mustangs which es- cscorted the Flying Fortresses re- ported the Germans failed to Inter- cept the attack concentrated on freight yards at Knniwesthelm, northern Stuttgart suburb. One proup of heaviest bombed visually. Others used tne "magic eye" in the overcnst. Todays mission was the smallest dispatcher; by the EighMi Mr Force in many months, but. warnings from the German radio Indicated much heavier attacks were being carried out by bombers of the 15lh air force, 'which sctn its heavyweights from Italy toward Munich and into Czechoslovakia. Late in the afternoon, the IMF sent a force of Lancaster.! nuniml the industrial nml railway center of Sicgenn about 45 miles east of Cologne. went along. First reports dirt mil. indicate, what op- position was encountered. CBI Veteran Killed In Air Field Crash west bank of lhal stream. The Germans counterattacked for the first time in two weeks against the U. S. Ninth Army north of Lindern, but were thrown back. (A German broadcast said the U. S. Ninth Army had turned on giant loudspeakers which blnred out "advertising" of an impending offensive.) The U. S. Third Army bored 300 yards deeper into the Siegfried line in the western Sanrland, and in fanlry crossed the southern border of the basin at n new point nine miles east of Sarreguemines. (U. S. Seventh Army dough- boys are driving deeper into Germany a n d have sleml Scheibenhard, German border town ncnr the Rhine, and a number of Reich villages, a dis- patch from Thoburn Wianl. niul Robert C. Wilson. Associated Press correspondents, rcnorlcd. They nlso said that Wissein- bourR nnd Lautprbourp. Alsa- tian border cllie.s. had been seized by the Seventh.) Tliere were foil 17-mile front into U palatinate, a region nf war indus- try and agriculture, nnd already the Seventh wa.s dnnving off German .strength mid reliveninL' pres.sure farther north on the western front. The German rnmmaml was awnrc that to leave HIP Siegfried line. licbtly defended lirre was to Invite a lire.-ik- tbniiiRh that not only wnlilrl menace Mich arsrnril elllcs ns nml iM.innilclm, 35 miles f.irther dnivn Hie Illiinp, but might nntflnnk the rntlrc Sanr basin, ,T rnal anil steel re- irlon nf thr first Impnrlanee. The 45th division wa.s believed MacArllmr said. With American troops firmly es- tablished on Samar and Leyte is- lands east of Mindoro, MacArthur said the latest landing not only cut Ihe Philippine archipelago in two but will enable the Allies to "domi- nate sea. and air routes which reach to the China coast." It put the Americana 155 miles from Manila to the north; 900 miles from the China const to the northwest and about 800 miles from the French Inrlo- Chlna coast directly west. The crisis facing Tokyo leaders was summed up by MacArthur's statement that "conquests of Japan to the south are rapidly being iso- lated, destroying the legendary myth of the greater East Asia co-pros- perity sphere and imperilling the so-called 'imperial lifeliner.1 Radio Tokyo, in a propaganda broadcast, said heavy fighting was in progress on Mindoro and that Japanese fliers continued their at- tacks on the invasion fleet. It added that 280 Yank carrier planes struck against Luzon again Saturday, Jap- anese time, blasting airfields in the Manila area and at other points on that strategic island. Tokyo nlso reported American air raids south of Mindoro. Tokyo claimed that Japanese fliers sank four transports off Mindoro and dnmagcd '21 ves- sels, Including two battleships nml right transports. None of Ihe Japanese broadcasts wa.s confirmed by American sources. Al. Penrl Harbor Admiral Chester W. Nimllz disclosed that Yank car- rier planes, heavily supporting the Mindoro invasion, delivered round- the-clock paralyzing blows against cni-sincs on n Japanese air centers on Luzon Is- :ie old Bavarian! land and enemy shipping December CilOt CillV'Ill C- MOOClV, 28, 1 eran of 'a months of overseas duly j hr about two mllr, Inslrlr thr that, included assienmcnts In the I we.sl nf wissr-mbnure. n Chinn-Burmn-India theater nf war ami the Panama Canal zone, 103rd division Invaded In the nrr-a. ar.rl thr killed late Saturday afternoon when rnrpcd brirlcehcaris across his single engine fiehtcr plane i borderline r.aulhrni river near Lau- j (.or crashed while approaching Abilene near 14. 15 and if, iMaiilla The Naval filers sank or damaged 17 fillips, destroyed 235 planes and damaged lltfl aircraft. Four destroy- ers or destroyer escorts were among the vessels damaged. The Yank airmen also hit railroad rolling slock and fuel and ammunition dumps. Tiie Japanese offered only nieaeer air opposition. They at- tempted an attack on carrier task force, surface units but nil elfiht Japanese planes trying to break through to the ships were j shot rlnwn. Admiral Nimilz also reported air I raids on the Jlmn airfield and laus and the K the relie'atlng Japanese southward In China's Kwangsl tacking Chin- tT have K) HSUC ligh the LOS ANGELE............... German long rnnse JU88 crashed I1' in a Los Angeles Mrcet, the Army training flight. Air Forces announced. There were mi casualties, and there was no cause for alarm. The plane struck a telephone pole as it was bring lowed to an Army exhibit of enemy aircr.ifi. Some Chine.se quarters in Chung- king expressed Hie belief Japanese miera'.imis in China already may Bataan Captives Cried Like Babies and Weren't Ashamed of It When Rescue Sub Crew Fed Them First Bread in Ihree Long Years DALLAS, !'ec. cried like tables wiitii American sur- vivors of a lorprdoed Japanese prison ship boarded a submarine for Aus- Sergeant Jonnic Ellsworth Clcnl, Jr., said here today. One of two marines to survive Uic torpedoing of the Jap prison ship off Zamboamra peninsula last September 7, Clem told a story of bitter enemy brutality and described the final scene of deliverance when the submarine appeared (o take the 83 to safety. "There were tears anil sonic of the BUJS broke down and cried like babies and they were not a darn bit ashamed of it." lie said. "They gave, us sandwiches the fir.sl night and the bread tasted like cakt. It was the. first bread we had had in three years. The next niornins the 8.1 of us ale 18 pounds of butter, 36 pounds of sausage, 40 loaves of bread and eight hot cakes each. The doetor put a slop to thai." Clem began his nightmare in the Philippines after the Hainan sur- render. He wandered through the wilds of the Balaan brush for 14 flays in an attempt to escape before he was captured on a narrow mountain trail. Clem said that at the prison camp, even though men were dying daily from malaria, dysentery and fatigue, Hie .laps refused to allow Philippine Red Cross medical supplies to he delivered In the camp. During the first few rtays, Clem recalled, tht .laps would hit the women prisoners as well as the. men. u "The women were transferred to another camp within a few days. The Jap prison commander made Ihe Americans a speech. "He Clem stated, "that we were his eternal enemies and that we were now his prisoners and that we would never leave the iMaml alive." An AniMir.ni prisoner was loo III to work so fellow captives did h'S s'ianl what was going Clem sahl, "ami the V months. Clem was 750 pris- oners packed into the hold of a Jap ship for transfer to They were fnrrerl to staj 19 days and nights in the hold without ihc captives were wondering where the Jnps taking them, the hatch was ripped open. "We looked up." Clem said, "to see Ihe .laps at both entrance, will, machine-guns pointed at They stnrtnl In among the prisoners. Several hand grenades explode, a nong Clem and tin- other Marine who survived. Sergeant Vrrle Dultl.l Culler of Denver Culo.. were tossed into the water when a loud explns.on snip had neen torpedoed and those Japs had tried in machlnc-Rim and grenade us to prevent our possible crape. Glen sal Clem and Cutlc" reached nn unpslrollecl stretch of beach. mel a friendly Filipino who conducted I hem In a point inland where a doctor was giving medical attention to wounded survivors. Arrangements were made lor an American submarine to evacuate "1C "When we had about Riven up the sub appeared and (lie. Fili- pinos look us out. to the ernft-scxcral hundred yards ott-shorc-in small native Clc-m revealed. in around Colmar. lv.it Yl-eir rcfcrve btrcnijtli ill soutll- there the French First Armv ami i chlllil st strategic points for rloiitrr.t.s n: ihe U. R. Seventh held j to lhc china coast, foothill :io.-ilions and. fight me from rr.verves have been with- brhlnd flooded streams, cniilf! the Chinese war zones be dlslodced easilv. i westward. napkilv s'lueezinc the Germans'__" from their last fnofholds west of' t the Rarr. the First Armv's Mrd RoOSCVClt VlSltS division canturrrl Beivhiiir. neari i the river three miles south of Du-1 J.-QRT WORTH. Dec. 16 ren. and made other cains up in 1.- j A disuse in plans today sent Eiiiott Hoosevelt on j non varns opposite that river strong-. _____ i hnlri. ho Beaumont for a visit with the The Filth Armored division mother, .Mrs. Jean Young. iiiir up on Ihe flank oc.-uplcd more ,u.r. tilc ncwlywed couple had spent 1 of the R'jcr'.s west bank. a ;ry hours in Fort Worth. In Hie Momchau sector 20 miles j nf Diimi the Second and 78th divi.Mons pressed eastward inloiiK both banks nf the Roer through pillboxes, harbert wire and minefields of the west will. Heavy er.cmv shelling was re- poned from the southern end of the First Army's positions along the j ilonc-diirmant' front at the Uu- cmbmirR-Gennan border. Historian Dead LONDON. Dec. 16 Philip Giicdalln. prominent, English hlftov- ian, biosrapher and essayist, died todny In n London hospital. He was 55 years old. ;

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Publication: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Issue Date: December 17, 1944