Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - December 2, 1944, Abilene, Texas SIXTH WAR LOAN County Quota iJSeries E. Quota Series E Sales Jtotlem porter WITHOUT OR WITH. OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ,yVOL. LX1V, NO- 164 A TEXAS NEWSFAPIM ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 2, 1944. -TWELVE PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Prest (Vf.l PRICE FIVE CENTS Nazis Strike Back, Regain Two Towns "Lone Received ,By Coodfeilows Although the Goodfcllow fund got off to a flying start Thursday with contributions totalling 5225, yesterday's contributions ged so far, in fact, that a 51.00 gift by Mrs. E. D. Ashburn was the only contribution received for the fund. Several letters were received by the Goodfellows asking for help on Christinas, mostly from families with large numbers of small children. Barrels'will be placed in convenient spots downtown right away in which to place old toys. The Abilene Exchange club and city firemen will gather these toys and recondition them for Christmas giving. Based upon last year's figures, the group expects to find approximately 175 families in need of Coodfellow aid. Comment from O. A. Hale, Goodfellow purchaser, yesterday was: "Give me the money, and I'll get the gifts." ADMIRAL KLMMEL GENERAL SHOET Exonerated by Department Clear "WASHINGtONj ancFNayy boards of inquiry found that errors of judgment in both Washington arid Hawaii had had a part in tlie Pearl Harbor disaster but Discovered no grounds for any court martial proceedings, it announced tonight. War Secretary Stimson and Navy Secretary Forrestal is- sued statements simultaneously summing up conclusions of the two hoards, but said the re porls themselves could not, for of military security, be released until after the war. Each said, too, that he in- tended to continue a personal investigation, gathering the stories of witnesses not avail- able now because they are en- gaged in combat, and when all fhc evidence was In would re- view tlie prcscr.i tentative de- cisions against disciplinary ac- tion. ifi With release of the statements, there were immediate demands in Congress, chiefly from Republicans, for.a Congressional investigation of the Japanese achieved com- plete surprise with their Dec. 7. 1941, attack on the Hawaiian naval and sank or disabled eight battleships. Many Democrats said, however, that the statements from Stimson and Forrestal should end the matter. Senator Ferguson (R-Mich) called for immediate submis- of however, were still be- hind. Series E is the bond of the small individual Investor. The final goal to that category is 000. Ted R. Gamble, national war fi- nance" Pon" fererice that'efght states aFe ahead of their schedules' -Iris-Series E bond drives. These are Georgia, Indiana, Miss- issippi, Montana, Nevada, New Mex- ico, North Dakota, and Wyoming. Ten others are only slightly be- hind schedules: Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Illinolos, Kansas, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, and Wisconsin. The Sixth War Loan drive began Nov. 20 and ends Dec. 16. Community Rally At Trent Tuesday TRENT. De'c. E. Adrian, war bond chairman here, announced that a community rally will be held Tuesday night, Dec. 5, at the high school auditorium. Adrian and his committee will be assisted by war bond workers and entertainers from Abilene. The Trent quota is Callahan Expects To Go Over Today BAIRD, Dec. coun- tians expect to top their Sixth War Loan quota after Saturday bond rallies at Clyde and Baird. B. H. Frceland. county chairman, said he was confident that the quota of (overall) and (Series E) be surpassed fol- man and others construction matters. I have referred the ques- tion of any proceedings to the der secretary of war and the judge advocate general." Action Delayed WASHINGTON. Dec. The Senate military committee withheld a decision today atter questioning President Roosevelt's two nominees to the surplus prop- erty board. The committee to whom the nominations of former Oov. Rob- ert A. Hurley of Connecticut, and U. Edward H. Heller were re- ferred, put off all action on Its recommendations until next week. lowing the two major rallies plan- ned Saturday. The afternoon rally is set for Clyde at and the night affair for Baird at The Clyde quota is and Bird quota Maj. David Evans and his Bond Wagon will be on hand for the two rallies. The principal speaker will be Judge J. R. Blnck. Judge Black also spoke at io- night's rally in Oplin. Putnam topped its goal in Thursday niclit rally when S36.000 was raised, the quota being British Planes Fire Nazi Troop Convoy LONDON, Dec. 1 based British planes attacked a laden German (root) transport off fhs coast of Norway Monday dur- ing a snowstorm and set it ablaze, leaving a. large number of Nazi soldiers struggling in the icy waters. An admiralty communique tonight said the transport and two supply shins escorted by an armed trawler wcrr proceeding .southward between Mosjoen and Rorvik when the planes struck. The transport was last seen in a sinking condition, the other ships were driven ashore and considered destroyed. Yanks Seize 9-Mile Line SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCE, Paris, Dec. S. Armies fighting in- side Germany seized a nine-mile sector of the industrial Saar valley today and .drove two new wedges into (he enemy's Roer river line in a furious battle before the Cologne plain. As General Eisenhower'increased the pressure of Allied armies battering at the Roer river barrier, the Germans struck back by land and air and puslul the Americans from two towns between Linnich and Julich. Far to the southwest, the Allies smashed an attempt by the Germans to plant a new bridgehead on the west bank of the Rhine near Strasbourg behind a smokescreen yards long. No details were available here of this unex plained operation. The U. S. Third Army fought up to the Saar in a storm of fire from the Siegfried line around Merzig German city guarding the Moselle and Nahe valley invasion routes to the inner Reich, as the Germans blew the Merzig bridge. Allied planes dumped 250 tons of explosives on enemy fortifications. The U. S. First Army broadenei the scope of its assault before Dur- en with new attacks that movec American lines forward 400 yards to within yards of Gey and latter little more than a mile from the Roer seven miles southwest of Duren. Lt. Courtney H. Hodges' troops fought house to house to drive the last enemy from Iri- den, six miles northwest of pur- en, as fighttr-bombers swept low over the front in the heavy weather, attacking German guns and of them' In the act of firing on American lines. The German air force swarmed In to 'the attack In daylight and in force for the first time In two months, and the enemy loosed a barrage. of flying bombs on real areas in Belgium and Holland thai represented an increase of almost 100 percent in JVhours, .dis- patch said. f. The.U. S. Ninth Anfty was'P.ush- ed -from its Eoer footholds- at Roer- dorf and Flossdorf, northwest 'of JUlich, but was fighting back into the outskirts of both towns in an effort to regain.its positions. British headquarters. esti- mates were that the Germans had of them first-line able for the climactic battles of the Reich, and the winter offensive was .costing them men daily in prisoners alone. These estimates placed 10 divi- sions on the western front and 130 to 140 against the Russians. The main force of the Germans retreating into the Saar basin cross- ed the bridge at Merzig before It was destroyed. U. S. Third Army armor and infantry moved up to ;he river in a general advance of mile and a half, clearing Hll- jringen and two other Sanr vil- lages just across from Merzig. The 90th division seized the west bank of the Saar on the right of the tenth armored, entering Frcmcrsdorf and Bur- en, two and five miles south- east of Merzig guards the Moselle val- ey route to Coblcnz, and the Nahc valley to Mainz and Frankfurt on he Rhine. Two and a half miles southwest of Saarlfiutern, another American 'nrce took Felsbcrg, but ran into icavy fire. As more U. S. tanks reached the Sanr, advanced elements coming under the Siegfried line's gun re- ported artillery [ire even more in- tense than at Metz. Stettinius lakes Secretarial Oath WASHINGTON, Dec. 1 for today is partly cloudy with oc- casional vain and slightly warmer. Overcoats, mittens, and scarves dug out of closets and seen on the streets during tne last day or two will probably remain out for the winter, and the cooler temperatures gave more vigor and impetus to Christmas shoppers. Teen-Age Center Teen-agers' 'ilticked'-16''the'Youth Center last night at the formal op- ening In-Fair. park. Despite the cold, the two-story building was well filled with the high-schoolers and a sprinkling of parents. Mrs. Sinla Harris, director, and Dickey Elam, president of the youth committee, welcomed the group. "It's a place for you 'co Mrs. Harris stated. "We hope it will be organized as supervised so your parents will be glad for you to come and will not worry about you when you are here." Elam told the group, "This Is your club and we want you to make the most of it." Rules and regulations governing lembershlp and the club were pre- sented by Edith Boehleit, chair- man of the regulations committee. Membership, which totaled 48 at o'clock, is limited to students bc- .ween the ninth and twelfth grades. Fee Is 50 cents per year. LOCAL CARPENTERS GIVE 36TH BOND TEMPLE, Dec. No. 1565 of the United Brother- hood of Carpenters and Joiners of America at Abilene has pre- sented a S5nO war liond to the SGth division memorial commis- sion. Tlie bond, sent by n. L. Hrown, financial secretary, was the fourth given to the commi.s.sion'i by Texas Carpenter Unions. The Temple union was the first. Paper Says Clayton Aide to Stettinius HOUSTON. Dec. L- liPi- Clayton. Internationally L, known Saipan Defense Of Supers'Base Looms Brilliant By the Associated Press Protection of America's Su- perfort base on Saipan against increasing Japanese aerial at- tacks stood out today among developments on the Pacific fronts. Thrice raided in 24'hours, the Saipan base, from which the B29's have begun to bomb Tokyo, got some support from Army and Marine bombers which blasted Japanese air- strips on Iwo Jima island, 650 miles to the north, Adm. Ches- ter W. Nimitz announced. Two Jima and other Islands from which Japan might harass the Yank Tokyo bombing operations have been raided and shelled fre- quently in the last three weeks. The Nippon cabinet, leaders ol the diet and a "liaison council to cope with air raid disasters" met to appraise the damage in recent B2E raids and to tighten Tokyo's aerial defenses. On Leyte Island the U. S. 7th In- fantry bloodily repulsed Japanese suicide charges south of Onnoc strategic enemy port. The 32nd di- vision, moving from Limon on the north, edged a little closer to Ormoc. Enemy communiques claimed the sinking; or damaging of five more Allied transports in Leyle gulf, the area of entry for the liberating forces of Geu. Doug- las MacArthur. The Japanese nolv say, without Allied confir- mation, they have sunk two battleships, three cruisers, 10 transports and have damaged five other transports or war- ships there in recent days. Indications appeared that the Japanese werr. winding up for supreme effort to knock the free China government out of the war. A ponderous force gathered along the Kwangsl-Kwelchow border, 300 miles -from.Chiang Kai-shek's war- time-'capital, Chungking. This in- vading force was within striking distance of Kwelyang. first maioi city south of Chungking on the Burma road. In Kunming, Clyde A. Farns- worth. Associated Press correspond- ent, citing Japanese propaganda claims the invaders would be In Chungking by Christmas, said the nossibility could not be ruled out that the Nipponese were planning to smash Free China before new U. S. aid can be given. Tokyo Declares Raids Kill Iwo By The Associated Press Thn Japanese government moved today to cope with "disasters" re- sulting from Superfort raids on Tokyo but at the same time Nip- ponese broadcasts asserted that the atcst killed .no more than two persons and injured only six. Three separate groups, the cabi- net leaders of the diet and a "liai- son council to cope with air raid went into action to sur- vey the damage, strengthen Tokyo's aerial defense and take measures against future aerial aiisauits. This flurry of activity by the high enemy councils lent support to statements of Superfortress pilots at their Saipan island indi- cating that the Thursday night raid had demonstrated experimentally the possibility of round-the-clock bombing of Tokyo. Returning to Saipan, the Super- fort pilots compared notes show- ing that although the Thursday Order Slows Up Civilian Output WASHINGTON', Dec. government, In a drastic new or- der, tonight slowed up the program for putting segments of Industry back Into civilian production. In a measure designed to bolster lagging war production, the Army, Navy, War Production board and War Manpower commission directed: That in areas of acute labor shortage no new civilian production shall be authorized under the "spot reconversion" plan-for a period of 90 days. That only in localities w. i-here war production Is on schedule, where labor is adequate to meet military needs, or where labor not qualified for war work is available, "can any request for civilian production" under the spot program lie approved. Under the "spot" plan regional boards had been empowered to per- mit civilian production in areas where manpower and facilities were deemed available for such purposes. Tonight's action came upon the heels of recent reports from General Eisenhower that a shortage of some categories of ammunition, especls6y heavy shells, had delayed his offensive. The armed forces have been growing increasingly apprehensive over the swing toward civilian production and Us accompanying effect on pro- duction of critical munitions. Nazis Study Plans lo Forget War Rules LONDON, Dec. German high command statement distributed by the official German news agency said tonight that Germany was considering disassociating itself from the rules of international warfare as contained in the Geneva and Hague conventions. The statement was made in the course of a declaration threatening reprisals on French prisoners of war in Germany if Germans were executed in Alsace for Franc-Tireur (guerr rilla) acts. The high command statement, as quoted by DNB and transcribed by the Associated Press, charged that Germany's enemies were "increasingly violating international law" and added: "Under'these circumstances, In- vestigation Is In progress as to whether Germany x x x.5lioul0.j consider herself bound to the Hague and Geneva and other conventions, which have been violated by our enemies." The German statement con- demned what It called the "reprisal order" of French Maj. Gen. Jacques Leclerc In Alsace and threatened that "strongest counter-reprisals against French prisoners of war In Germany would be taken as a re- sult of such a step." The statement as quoted by DNB said: "According to an American mes- sage datelincd Strasbourg Nov. 30, Gen. Leclerc has ordered bills to be posted over Strasbourg announcing that for every French soldier hilled by a Franc Tlreur. five German hostages would be executed. These hostages, if necessary, would be taken from the ranks of German soldiers taken prisoners of war by Gen. Leclm'c's. division. "The German H. Q. has now Is- sued this declaration: 'Many hundreds of thous- ands of French prisoners of w.ir and other persons of French nationality nrr In Germany at present. If Gen. I.eelerc and Ills commander. Gen. De Gaulle, mean lo introduce a system of reprisals in defiance nf inter- national law, and maltr Ger- man nationals nnd German prisoners of war its victims, then these two generals should know thai the mailer will not rest there, but that Germany will resort lo the nlosl energetic countcr-renrisnls and that (he victims of these rountrr-rr- prisals will be the Frenchmen in Germany." 'If it nle.iscs Gen. f.rclrrc and j Gen. De Gaulle to hnvr rnci-, uocal slaughter of fhe innocent] victims tlu-y mav well Rrl it. But he world should know it is; PAUL JOSEPH GOEBBELS Goebbels Bans War Discussion ward R. Stettinius, Jr., 44-year-old cently louston cotton merchant, who re- industrialist and diplomat, was sworn in as secretary of state to- day amid potentially rcvloutionary developments in American foreign policy. He faces, as his first great task as successor to Cordell Hull, com- pletion of the Dumbarton Oaks plan for world security and arrange- ments for a United Nations confer- ence, which officials hope will be held in this country within three months, to put the plan Into effect. The brief ceremony took place in the secretary's office at the state department. The oath to "support and dcfende the constitution of the United States" was administered lo the nation's 47th secretary of state by Associate Justice Robert H. Jackson of the supreme court. resigned as Federal Surplus Exiled Poles Fail To Make Red Pact LONDON, Saturday. Dec. 2 Efforts to form a new Polish ROV- prnmenl-ln-exlle which could deal with Ru.ssln In seeking a solution to the Polish problem "have the Moscow radio said today. Tlie Snvlnl. spokesman asserted pointedly that "all the Polish pa- l.roits will serve lite Polish people united by the Polish committee of national group formed In the liberated section of Poland with Russian approval." War Property Disposal administra- tor, is to be named assistant secre- tary of state in charge of all foreign economic affairs, the Houston Chronicle's Washington correspond- ent in a special dispatch to hi.s pa- per said he had learned today "from sources of unquestioned reliability." The Weather night raiding force was smaller thev who hear the re.'iionr.bllity. than the Ivn previous davli-.-hl as- As conditions are. an innuirv Is saults bv the raid interval "'ready in prncrrx.s as In whether lartek three hours, that ack act was I Germany Miraild continue lo rcunrd light and that bv nsins precision instruments tlie bombardiers could hit war industries despite obscuring LONDON, Dec. da Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels tonight ordered the German peo- ple to cease all public discussion of the war situation, saying the ban was necessary "to conceal from the enemy Germany's shortcomings." The order was contained in Goeb- bels' weekly article in "Das Reich" magazine and broadcast by all Ger- man home radio stations. "At the present dramatic climax the war It behooves the German people to present a united front to lie Goebbels said. "Every attempt to drive a wedge must be foredoomed to failure. "The long duration of the war has certainly brought aboul de- ficiencies and Ijotllenecks. But we shall be the betler equipped to overcome these shortcom- ings the better ive conceal them from the enemy." 1 "for this reason alone." he as- serted, "it is forbidden to discuss i such tilings in public. Every bel- ligcrent these days lives behind iron shutters." 'Tlie people must respect their The daylipht raids previ- ously were declared Japan's Doniel news fluency, withonf. explanation, "killed" n re- port, it, cirmlatrd prnviouslv sayinp a "powerful Japane.se unit." had landed on Mnrotai island. 3fin miles south nf thp Mnrotai has been held by American forces since mid-September. u. s. or ro.MMrR ivEATni-rc Aim.ENK AND V1C1NITV: Part cloudy, orraMmml rain and ulUti warmer Saturday nml SnniUv. EAST TEXAS: Partly rlniidv. nr final rnfn S'Jn-Iay and In a west portion .Salli'rrfnv: itllclifly ivari cr In portion linhirdny a trrth nil tlir mai WTST TrX'AS: rinuilt. nrr.itlnn ralni Saturday and Snndaj: rUInx U ppratum. I'rl. Thim. fri. Thii A.M. imra P.M. 2R 37 I 3R afl ,17 2fi 1ft 12 and .1 13 And ?3. IMirli and Inw Kin II II. Sunsfl nlrhl: Sunitt r Aitt. liftl jcar: increasing infringements of lernalinnal law hy our the rcv'enl sinking of .1 hospital ship, the continuous attacks on hospital shins, linspitals. Red Cross establishments and so on. Infrincemenls, which as mat- ters stand, can only have been perpetrated Intornailonjill.v." A statement nl Supreme Head- quarters Allied Expeditionary Force in yesterday pointed out tha( "the Allied expeditionary force Is operating In conformilv with the Geneva convention of and in particular with Article 2 which states 'measures of reprisal acrnin.sl prisoners of war are prohibited.' There was no eiiibnratlon of this tica'.ly everybody but was j Issued after Grn. Ler.- aerself bn.md by tlie Geneva and i Onebbels, who, ac- conventions, rcsnectivclv. as cording to recurrent reports in the well as bv the other international I British and neutral press, is now agreements about, the laws of with Gestapo Chief Heinrich insofar as they have been broken by 1 Himmler, in control of German our enemies. [affairs in place of the secluded and 'This is done In view of the long-silent Adolf Hitler. lAcior Says Many Drunks al Party LOS ANGELFS, Dec. 1 tonio Icaza, sleek-haired Panaman- ian actor nnrt senmnn, rlirln't, know what a "nlglUnap" was, but ho Mficd todny Mint, ho tlfhiiRhl prar- dnmk at, Bandleader Tommy Dnr- Koy's apartment, cnrly on Aup. ii when, hn assertcri, ho ,saur Dorsry sock scrrrn Actor Jon Mall for- ,u-frii the eyes wlt.li a bntllr. Shortly before, Hull had left thr vjtiws ,saml after admitting that. IR wouldn't like to bo convicted on esttmony snrh nfi IIP hnd Riven iRnlnsl, Dnrroy. Thr bnntllcader, his wife. Pat Dane, nnci their neighbor, Allef Smiley, nrc on trial on of fcluiiiou.s assault upon Hull. lerc, commander nf the French Sec- ond Armored division, hnd an- nounced that sniping in tlie cap- tured city of StnisbmirK must stop and five German hnstnfie.s would be shot for every French soldier killed h.v snipers." Siib-pnrflRWph of the rules of Innd warfnre of the U. a, Army stntrs that, "hns- fnfies taken nnd held for the de- clared purpose nf preventing nn- Inwfnl nets may be punished or put to 'The countless riecisi on s ivhich have to he taken daily, even hourly, in all spheres of our conduct of the war inevit- ably contain a certain propor- tion of Goebbels con- limiptl. "These mistakes are caused by human and other shortcomings. They may well rntail reRretlable consequences. Hut no bclliffrrcnl is innocent nf mistakes. What counts in (he JOUR run is which side makes the fewer mistakes." "There are some fanatics among he wrote, "who love to spread abroad every detail of the horrors .suffered in'a heavy nir raid. We should advise such people to take to heart the British policy of si- lence. The course ot the war not he Eight Ships Sunk STOCKHOLM, Dec. 1 Free? Danish preM service said to- uifiht. that .ships wove sunk in Copenhagen harbor during a re- cent 24 hour period as Patriots sought to cripple German attempts to evacuate troops from Norway.