Abilene Reporter News, November 28, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

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Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - November 28, 1944, Abilene, Texas SIXTH WAR LOAN founty Quota sries E. Quota Series E Sales MOHNIIVO 'VOL. LXIV, NO. 160 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER WITHOUT.OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 28, 1944-TWELVE PAGES United PI-MS FIVE CENTS Cologne Defenders Backed to Roer Bank Ninth Moves Beside First Stettinius Appointed Secretary of State WASHINGTON, Nov. 27 Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., was named secretary of state today as his gray and ailing chief, Cordell Hull, trudged wearily off the stage of world affairs. 1f President Roosevelt submitted the promotion of the 44- year-old undersecretary to the Senate approximately three PATRICK J. HURLEY "Patrick Hurley Jfemed to China Ambassadorship WASHINGTON, Nov. Gen. Patrick Of. Hurley, trouble shooter, was nominated by Presi- dent Roosevelt today for one of the nation's toughest diplomatic as- signments, ambassador to China. Hurley is taking over the post Clarence Gauss gave up at the time 'lien. Joseph W. Stilwell was pulled out of the China-Burma command alter a clash with the Chinese lead- er, Chiang Kai-shek. Hurley, a jack of all trades who has handled many secret assign- apients tor the president since the %ar began, already is in Chungking with Donald M. Nelson, former War Fi-oduction board chief, trying to speed up China's war efforts. The 61-year-old soldier's chief task, once the Senate formally ap- his nomination as. ambassa- dor, will be to key the dynamic American strategy with the crip- pled Chinese war out ruffling Chinese feelings. Indictment's No indictments were returned by a 104th court grand jury in session Monday and the jurors were dis- missed. Masters investigated included of burglary, arson and two theft. Judge Owen Thomas pre- sided. The Weather U, S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMURCt WEATHER ADILENK AND VICINITY: Partly Wednesday. Not cloudy Tuesday much chance in EAST TEXAS: cloudy Tuesday and Wednesday, except clnttdy with oc- casional rains In extreme sonllt portion Wtutli Wcflnr-silay. No chance In tem- peratures. TEXAS: Considerable cloudiness Tuesday and Wednesday; temperatu ccasio In Del Rlo-Eaple i anil of Ibft rrcns rlvrr, TEMPERATURES 3I-3R 31 -Hit si. as 3H M 35 31-1.1 4 311.3.1 M-11 M J I llfjth and Ini 10 anil 00. lllRh ninl tnw in, I 17. Kunnrl lot Hitnrlae Dilx morning: Mon.-Sun. PM I.......... ,frt r I i.......... M--I7 :l.......... 10 -I.......... in 5.......... SH-JO (1.......... 7.......... Bft IS 4n-m [ci date lanl year: 3fl called White House newsmen into his office to make the ex- pected announcement thai Hull had submitted his resig- nation. It was with great and deep regret that he was acjepting it, the presi- dent said. Hull Is 73 and has been ill since his birthday Oct. "2. Mr. Hoosevelt projected for him the role of elder statesman, advising on for- eign policy, if and when his health is sufficiently restored. Selection of Stettinius, former chairman of U. S. Steel corporation, placed a relative newcomer to di- plomacy in control of this govern- ment's foreign affairs machinery on the eve of one of history's most critical periods. Together with the fourth term president he will be re- sponsible for maintaining American leadership In the move to bring a peaceful and prosperous world out of the suffering and devastation of this war. Prompt senatorial approval of the appointment was freely predicted, although many rank- ing members had favored their old college and long-time asso-- ciate. War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes for the top cabinet spot. Vice-President Henry A. Wallace had also been mentioned, renortcdiy with strong labor' backing. Chairman Connally (D-Texl of the Senate foreign relations com- mittee led off IJie forecasts of sena- torial approval.'He announced his committee would1 take up the apr pointment Wednesday.. Stettinius, he said. "Is a -man of good capacity and will prove to be an industrious and zealous secretary pf state and active in the promotion of interna- tional peace and security." I Hull's Illness cut short his career i at its peak. He had set his heart on seeing through to creation the Dum- i barton Oaks plan for world security organization. Stettinius had been his and President Roosevelt's lieu- tenant in bringing that plan Into being in the Anglo-American-So-- viet-Chinese conference here last summer. Unlike the relationship he hart with Slimner Welles, whose resignation he finally forcort. more tiian a year ago, Hull lilted and worker! well with Stettinius, from the time the latter joined the department as umler-secrctary in September, Ills rise to Hie high position he now takes lias been a phenomenon of wartime Washington. In 1039 he became chairman of the War Re- sources board and also headed what eventually became the War Pro- duction board. Subsequently In January, 1941, he took over the lend-lease program. His work on this program was coiv- sidered so satisfactory that when Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Hull were looking nround for a new under sec- retary of state Stettinius was the one man whom Hull wanted. At Ihat lime he had won the ad- miration of Ihe Russians for his handling of lend-leasc. This .streng- thened his White House lies, since Mr. Roosevelt has felt all alonK thar the main objective of American postwar foreign nolicv must be to makp sure that Russia takes a key position in world cooperation. His associates expect him to adapt to state department organi- sation the methods ho used in lend- lease administration. He built a topi team of expert advisers on whose counsel and judgement he relied Sec STETTINIUS, Page 2, Col. 5 Only Two Original Appointees Remain WASHINGTON, Nov. Secretary of Elate Hull's resigna- tion leaves in the cabinet only two of President Roosevelt's original 1033 choices Secretary Harold L. Ickcs and Labor Secre- tary Frances Perkins. All of the cabinet posts have turned over at least Navy department has hid four secre- taries and the Justice department an equal number of attorneys gen- eral. All together, President Roose- velt has made 23 cabinet appoint- ments. The latest appointee, Secretary of State Ecnvard R. Stettinius Jr., will be the youngster of the group at 44. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson Is the oldest at 77. Argentina Silent On Hull Retirement BUENOS AIRES, Nov. Argentine officialdom maintained strict silence on the resignation of Eecralnry of State Cordell Hull to- day, but It was generally understood Hint flic Argentine government wiw not pained at the retirement of one of its severest critics. Reds Cross Carpathians On Frontier LONDON, Tuesday, Nov. 28 troops in a new six-mile penetration of northern Slovakia yesterday crossed the Ca.rpath- i ian mountains along the Pol- hours after he suddenly ish frontier as other units in the south struck to within 11 miles of the big north Hun- garian rail center of Satoral- jaujhely, a Moscow com- munique announced last night. Sweeping through 50 more hamlets in the Axis puppet state, Col. Gen. Ivan Petrov's fourth Ukraine army widened its front to 75 miles from a point west of the Dukla pass in the north down to the Hungarian fron- tier. The fresh strike from the north further imperilled the enemy strong- holds of Presov and Kassa already threatened by central col- umns only 25 miles to the east. Moscow did not announce any ijams on the Hungarian front, and Berlin said fighting had slackened around Budapest, where the Paris radio reported grave disorders had broken out, with workers fighting the Germans inside a capital de- prived of gas, electricity and water. The Berlin radio said that Russian troops, who had cross- ed to the west bank of the Dan- ube at Batina and Apatin, 107 and 120 miles south of Buda- pest in northern Yugoslavia, had forced the Germans back a mile or more. The Germans sec this Russian operation, not yet confirmed by Moscow, as part of a Soviet plan to invade western Hungary and take Budapest from the rear. Ill northern Stovakia 'the Russians hammered out gains on a 12-mile, either side of the Dukla pass and last night were only three miles northeast of .Svidnik junction the capture of the village of Ledominiva. Six miles southwest of Dukla pass a Soviet group took Dolhona, two SLOGGING IN THE case you think G. I. Joe is having a cushy time of it, chasing Germany on the Western Front, let this photo disillusion you. It shows Seventh Army infantrymen slogging along a road near Langefossee, France under a downpour of rain, snow and sleet. Supers Again Hit Tokyo E BOND SALES CREEPING During a 45-mfnute program pre- sented on station KRBC last night ,j At- ilio nrhpr i5emeu u" auti-iun rt.nou miles inside Slovakia. At the other A Air 5, end of the 12-mile northern front Q{ E bonds werf, the Russians captured Male and Velke Staskovce, seven miles north- east of Stropkov junction. Following Sunday's seizure of Humenne and Michalovce, in the middle sector of the Sanok- Saloraljaujhcly railroad running across Czechoslovakia, the Rus- sians succeeded in clearinK vm- sidcrable sections of that im- portant artery. North of Humenne they captured Hadvan and Koskovce stations, cleaning up a nine-mile section of the road and leaving only a five- n-.ile stretch in enemy hands just north of Humenne. When that sec- tion is cleared Petrov's troops will have through communications to their bases in southern Poland. Seven miles south of Humenne another column took Nachina Ves on the highway to Michalovce, and were close to cutting the nearby railway between those two strong- holds. Eighth Closes Grip In Po Valley Area HOME, Nov. 27. Eighth Army forces were closing a pincers tonight on the important Po valley highway junction of Paenza, 30 miles southeast of Bologna, which the Nazis apparently were preparing to defend house by house. British troops edging in from the east were only the width of the La- mone river from the outskirts of the town. This was a considerable ob- stacle, however, as the enemy had destroyed both bridges over the stream. On the muddy American Fifth Army front there again were patrol clashes only, with the Germans probing constantly at the Yank line with forces varying in size. One such enemy thrust near Monterami- :i, 12 miles south of Bologna, was preceded b'> a heavy curtain of ar- tillery was repulsed. Searchers Trace of Survivors HEADQUARTERS, ALAS K'A N DEPARTMENT, Nov. dencd Army and civilian mountain climbers, who reached the point where a C-47 Air Transport com- mand plane crashed neat- the top of an unnamed mountain peak two months, found no traces of the 19 persons aboard. The big ship had broken apart and rolled and tumbled approximately feet down the precipitous Icy slopes, Army officers disclosed today. One motor was found at the point of impact and a wing and part of the broken fuselage were far below, under 10 feet of snow. The searchers reported there was ro doubt tliac all aboard, most of them servicemen on the way to the states, were Instantly killed. sold. The musical program featured the Swingcats from the 590th AAF band, the C-Notes from the Municipal airport, the Blue Sky Boys, Cpi. Angelo Pasquarelli, and Mrs. Aileen Stinnett. S-Sgt. Lee Schincup acted as master of ceremonies, and T-Sgt. Courts to Hear Contempt Cases MIAMI, Ph., Nov. tempt proceedings instituted by Clr- Lee Shorey was featured in imper- sonations. Wally Akin, acting as representative of the local war bond committee, spoke on behalf of the Sixth War Loan drive. WACs from the air field, escorted BIERKEL, Nov. 27 (Spl.l Bond sales in Merkcl through Monday totaled In- cluding in Scries E bonds, it was announced last night. Quota is Through an incorrect report to The Abilene Reporter-News, it was stated in the Sunday mor- ning edition tlipl sales through the bank had reached S45.B43 of E bonds, anil a total of by policemen, delivered 'the bonds in jeeps. Including the bonds sold at the radio program of series E cuit Court Judges Marshall C. bonds were sold in Abilene yester- Wiseheart and Paul D. Barns day, bringing the' total series E re- against the Miami Herald and As-; ported in the county to sociate Editor John D. pcnnekamp Overall sales in Abilene Monday will be aired tomorrow. The judges cited the editor .and the newspaper for contempt on the were making the over- all total reaching for the quota. Some variance in these and prev- ious figures occur because some county agencies send reports direct- basis of two editorials and an edi- torial cartoon published in the Her- ald Nov. 2 and Nov. 7. _ Pennekamp and legal represen-1 ly to the Federal Reserve bank in tatives of ,thc Herald will be as-: Dallas without going through a sisted by Elisha Hanson, general: local agency. Any variance in counsel for the American Newspaper amounts which are reported from Publishers association. Association day to day by local Issuing coin- directors voted unanimously to sup- j panics and the Federal Reserve No Plane Lost If port the Herald in its defense. The Nov. 2 editorial, which was: accompanied by a cartoon, criti cized the dismissal by Judge Wise heart of a gambling case, and Judge Barns' dismissal of eight rape indictments. Tlie Nov. 7 editorial compared the action in the Rambling case with proceedings in a case involving a bus driver whose arrest precipitated a city bus strike. figures will nrise from tills cause. Tops Bond Salesmen as Town Goes Over First Day Radioman of Goree Fatally Wounded MUNDAY. Nov. I dlcn-.an First Class Archie Philip in Parks, one of Ihe six service sons of Kivcn Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Parks, o; Goree, died of wounds received in action, his parents have teen advised by the Navy department. Young Parks was reared at Goree and attended the Goree schools. Hr COLEMAN. Nov. This is one of the reasons the Bur- kett community was over ils quota of sales on the opening day of the Sixth War Loan drive. Fallen Porter, one of the teach- i Burkeit high school, was quota of In bonds a lew days before the drive opened. So, the nc-xl. morning, before the opening of school, he went on a bond selling tour and sold his quota. The town's quota was On the opening day of Ihe drive the years. lad 'becnTn' the Navy hart sold In bonds and the local chairman was trying to give oilier communities in that sec- tion credit for additional sales that were coming In. Hargrove Funeral Plans Incomplete Funeral arrangements for Joe A. Hargrove, 10, accidentally shot Sim- ___ day afternoon, were incomplete last night pending arrival of a J. C. Hargrove Jr., in service at Lns Vegas, Nev. Son of Mrs. J. C. Hargrove, 1971 j North 7th, the youth was killed when he was shot accidentally by a companion while they were hunting and picking up pecans near a road three miles northwest of town. He is survived also by- a brother, H. R. Hargrove of Arp. His father died Nov. 1, 1043. Elliott funeral home Is In chnrge of arrangements. By The Associated Press America's mighty Superfortresses launched their first coordinated at- tacks against Japan from widely separated bases Monday, lashing Tokyo war industries for the second time in four days and simultaneous- ly hitting Nippon's southeast Asii vail transportation hub in Thailand None .of the sky giants was lost the B-29 bomber commands re ported, as they swept over theli targets in broad daylight under only light Japanese opposition. Artm. Chester W. Nimitz, an- nouncing revised figures for last Friday's carrier plane raid on Manila, reported yesterday at least 48 Japanese vessels were sunk or damaged in the fifth raid of this monlli on Luzon island. This added two ships sunk and 23 damaged to the originally announced score and boosted to 151 the Japanese ships lost during November in the Manila area. Hellcat fighters and warship anti- aircraft fire shot down 58 Japanese planes, 29 more were destroyed on the ground and an additional 32 grounded planes probably were damaged, Nimitz said. Meanwhile, as the military situ- ation worsened in southeast China, Gen. Douglas MacArthur dis- closed in his communique loday that Yank doushboys fighting the bat- tle of Leytc in the central Philip- pines were brought to a standstill by continued heavy tropical rains. He reported on Ccbu and Negros is- lands, west of Leytc, and at Davao, southern Philippines, with 235 Ions of explosives. Eight of 30 Japa- nese interceptors were shot down. The twin strikes by Superfor- tresses were mounted from basis miles island and India. The 21st Bomber Command at Saipan threw a sizeable task force of B-29s against Tokyo industrial centers, mainly the waterfront area. Heavy clouds covered the targels but the American fliers used precision Instruments. A 21st Command com- munique described fighter opposi- tion and anli-aircraft fire as "vir- tually nil." A subsl.inif.il force of Super- fortresses from India, roared across the Hay of Bengal and bombed Japan's southeast Asia transportation great railroad repair and marshalling yards at Rankok. The raid, under itiral weather conditions, brought "food" results, A lislf- dozrn Japanese fighters were sliot down, three probably de- stroyed and two damaged. The Bankok rail hub serve? the Sec PACIFIC, Page 2, Column 1 Abilene to Have Another Freeze Freezing temperatures were pre- dicted by the weather bureau lor this vicinity this morning, follow- ing the first sub-freezing weather of the season, recorded Monday morning. Forecast last night called for partly cloudy weather with not much change In temperature. Tile mercury yesterday went from a low of 30 In the early morn- ing to 60 during the afternoon. Ex-Peacock Man Killed in Action BROWNWOOD, Nov. 27 Set, Wayne Sanderson, brother of Mrs, Ollie Templin of Brownwood. was killed in action in France, Septem- ber 20, his family has been In- formed. A 1933 graduate of Peacock high SUPREME HEADUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCE, Paris, Nov. 27 German defenders of the Cologne plain were driven back south of Julich tonight to the west bank of the Roer river best natural barrier short of the as the U. S. Ninth dealt hammer blows along- side the U. S. First in the fateful battle of the Reich. The U. S. First Army, pressing the enemy back a mile and a half with heavy losses, was deep inside two strong-. holds to the south within two and a half and four miles of the Roer. .A staff officer declared that given a break from the weather, the river soon would be reached. As the German higli command threw in fresh troops to meet this mounting peril to its industrial Ruhr and Rhine- land, the Saar basin second only to the Ruhr as a source of the enemy's war might was invaded 'anew by the re- surgent U. S. Third Army which nowhere along its 60- mile front was now more than 16 miles from the Reich after gains up to six miles. U. S. heavy bombers flew close support to the U. S. Seventh Army for the first time, bombing railyards at Offenburg 10 miles southeast of Strasbourg. First tactical Air Force fighter-bombers knocked out two Rhine pontoon orioles to the south, further squeezing the enemy fleeing the Vosges. As elements of LI. Gen. WH- Ilam H. Simpson's Ninth Army battled bitterly house-to-house in Koslar, two miles west of Julich, other forces fought half- way through Kfrchbcrg on the west bank of the river a and a half south of Julich. While this thrust against savage resistance represented a gain of only a !mif-mlle to a mile east of Bourhelm, It will give the Ameri- cans their first foothold on the Roer and enable them to drive on Julich from the south once they clean out the rest of Kirchberg. Hammering rt Julich along a 10- mile front, the Ninth on Its north flank sent armored forces ahead some 500 yards one the south advanced 500 taorUiust of Altdorf, frTr'ee miles south of the town. Li. Gen. Courtney n. linages? doughboys to the south fought into the center of tangerwehe, 14 mllns Inside Germany and the last niajnr road center be- fore the Koer, four miles cast. Eight miles south they seized most of the forest anchor town of Hurtjren. tvrn and a half miles from the river. Five miles southwest of Duren they fought into Grosshau, which earlier was nlasteral by artillery. Like the Ninth, the First was fleht- ing the bitterest kind of opposition over R battlefield turned into a quagmire by rain and snow. U. Gen. George S. ration's forces burst across (he Saar's western frontier at a new point along a three-mile front, nnrt were driving on the Saar towns after gains of up to a mile. They lengthened their lines inside Germany to in miles. To the southwest, they slashed through the olri Majrinot line at a second point and gained six miles in an advance close to Merten. only one mile west of the Saar border. To the southeast, they can- lurctl the road center of St. Avoid, where the Maginot line was breached yesterday, longW. north to within two miles of tlif Saar frontier, and cast two miles to within 13 miles of the basin's Industrial city of Saar- brucken. For fr.im umlcrcst 1 m a 1 1 n B this new and menacing assault, ilic Germans said the attacks were belnc made by "strong American tank From north to south, the winter offensive of General Eisenhower was forging ahead, meeting its uieatest test of strengtli on the Cologne plain, which Field Marshal Karl Rudolf Gerd Von Rundstcrlt apparently has chosen to defend at expense of his southern front. The British KMond Army scoied a gnin of a third of a mile ir. a llne- siraishtenint: atlc.ck noi'th of Ge.l- enklrchen in Germany. The German stand wist of tne Rhine on the southern end of the front was tleterioratin? ranidly, and their Siegfried line positions east of the river ivrro pounded by U. S. BGT. WAYNE school, Sergeant Sanderson trainee at Camp Ord and Camp Roberts Calif., before going overseas. Besides Mrs. Templin, he is sur- vived by his Mr. and Mrs E. R. Sanderson, of Glen Ellen Calif.; three brothers, V. O. Sander- son of Phoenix, Ark, Dutch San- derson of Valleo, Calif., and Everett Sanderson of the Navy; two other sisters. Mrs. H. L. McNabb of Sa- llnos, Calif., and Mrs. Dorothy Car- den of Phoenix, Ariz. Rule Sergeant Dies in Action RULE, Nov. 27 Carl T. Hunt was killed in a plane crash in India Nov. 19, according to a telegram received by his parents. Mr. and Mrs. R. T, Hunt of Rule. No oViier details of his death were SGT. CARL T. HUNT contained in the message. Sergeant Hunt entered the Army Feb. 12, 1041, and received traili- ng at Camp Bowie, Brownwood. He his wings at Elizabeth City, W. C., and went overseas July 12, 943. He wns born Nov. 14, 1917 near Rule and had lived In Haskcll county all of h'.s life. Sergeant Hunt at- endcd Tonk Creek and Old Glory schools. He was farming before he mtercd the service. Besides ills parents, the sergeant s survived by six brothers. Pfc. Hoy Hunt in the Pacific, Set. Earl Hunt, Camp Plncdalc, Calif., Pvt. James lunt in France, David and Marcos of Rule, and Arthur of Lexington, Okla., five sistcre, Vera Hunt of taskcll. Myrtle Hunt of Abilene, Mrs. E. H. Bristow of Old Glory, Mrs. R. D. Bristow of Roswell, N. M'., and Mrs. J. K. Belts of Mid- ami. FDR Gets Ready For Vacation Soon WASHINGTON, Nov. President Roosevelt prepared to- ilght to take a vacation. It was ;xpeclfd to be entirely off the rec- ord, as long as it lasts. The President himself told re- porters lie might go to almost any east, south or west. e said his plans were somewhat In state of ilux and added cryptically .hat he mlBht surpriso everybody, heavy bombers flying In close sup- port of the U. S. Seventh Army for i: the first time. Industry Must Keep Own Prices on Oil WASHINGTON. NOV. The oil industry must keep its rec- ords on prices and the bases on which they were computed for the duration of the price conlrol act, ;he Office ot Price administration today. The previous rule required they be kept for Iwo years. The change was embodied In ft revision of price regulations cover- ,ng nil of the petroleum nriustry except retail sellers. It is effective Dec. 2. Another change exempts from price control snlcs between refinr-r- cs ot "C" 4" petroleum fraclions, which are iif.cd in the manufacture if 100-cctnne gasoline and synthetic rubber. ;