Abilene Reporter News, November 22, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - November 22, 1944, Abilene, Texas fei ’ 'i ■ SIXTH WAR loan County Quota .......$3,395,000.00 Series E Quota.......$1,055,000.00 fgeries E Sales .......$ 110,301.25Abilene    MDHIIIViG'"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES."-Bvron VOL. LXrV, NO. 155 A TEXAS NEWSPAPSa ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 22, 1944—FOURTEEN PAGES Astociated Prêts (AP) United Press (VJ",) PRICE FIVE CENTS.azis Wage Fight for Life at Cologne Superforts Blast China, Japanese Targets NIP PUNE PRODUCTION •CENTER AT OMURA STRUCK On taksgi.ino ForAbilenians Charles Green, Vernon, Named Acting Manager Charles Green, manager of the Vernon chamber of commerce, yesterday was named acting manager of the Abilene chamber, succeeding Jack Simmons, local business man who has been filling the position since John Womble, the manager. entered the Army. Womble, on leave of absence, is now in the Pacific war theater. Simmons had resigned. He had accepted the position with the understanding he would continue only a few months. The selection of Green was made yesterday by unanimous vote of the chamber of commerce director: W: By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A third lashing of Japan*s vital Omura airplane manufacturing center within the Nippon homeland by a large force of American Superfortresses was officially reported by the-U. S. 20th Air command Tuesday. Meanwhile American liberation forces on Leyte island in .^he central PhiUppines fought aoggedly through typhoon-made seas of mud against the desperately resisting Japanese inside the Limon trap in the Ormoc corridor. The Japanese ^ere reported by Gen. Douglas MacArthur today to have committed their crack First division to defense of the Limon sector. H As Yanks reduced pillboxes and "ntrenchments in the mountains around Limon Japanese forces trying to break a roadblock to the south were repulsed with heavy losses. Six Japanese planes were blasted ^ut of the air when they attempted to raid American positions. Yank airmen blasted supply and shipping facilities on Leyte’s west coast. Radio Tokyo quoted Japanese Premier Kuniaki Kolso as saying the rise or fall of Nippon • rests upon the outcome of the ccntral Philippines fighting. He added *‘we are now in that phase of the war which, by putting forth the total strength of our country to bring this pres- -^ ent battle to victory, we can turn the tide In our favor.” The B-29S task force hitting Omura also blasted Shanghai and Nanking, in China, the U. S. communique said. Tokyo added the Nagasaki a^ea tq ■ the,.t^e^.>^Na-Ik^saki is near Omura on' Kyushu^ southernmost of the main Japanese islands,    , The B-29S ripped Into the- vast Omura plane factory area' ior the third time in less than a month. ^hey engaged swarms of Japanese interceptors and shot down, probably destroyed or damaged 55 Nippon planes. Tokyo claimed 25 of the Superfortresses were shot down or probably destroyed. The Superfortresses, winging over Whe Japanese homeland for the Eighth time, met their first strong fighter opposition. They definitely knocked down 20 of the Japanese challengers, probably destroyed 16 and damaged 19. The 20th air command said reports on American losses, if any, must await return of the planes to their bases In western China. The Japanese, in another of their usual extravagant claims, said of the 70 or 80 Superfor-. tresses In the raid 14 were shot down and 11 probably downed, Tokyo said fierce air fighting marked the raid and added ground damages were “extremely slight." The Japanese said their plane losses totaled four— —one a suicide dive into a B-29. There was little change on Burmese battle fronts. The Chinese fighting Inside the Japanese Bhamo base threw back a counter-attack. The fighting was heavy. CHARLES GREEN Upon recommendation of a committee headed by W. J Pulwiler Sr. Green will report for duty here Dec. 1. The new manager is 40 years old, a native of the Roscoe community. His wife, who like her husband, is a former newspaper writer and editor, and their son and daughter, high school students, will move here presently. Their older son is in the Navy. Foe more than three years prior to last spring Green was manager of the Stamford chamber of commerce. He went to Vernon early this year. Prior to that he was editor of The Nolan County News at Sweetwater and earlier, had been connected with The Sweetwater Reporter. He also was a staff writer several months for The Hereford Journal, traveling throughout the nation. Many Activities The first activity 4n the celebration of Thanksgiving tomorrow will be at the Union Thanksgiving church service at 10 a. m. at the St. Paul Methodist church. In the afternoon, the Black Hills Passion Play will be presented for the first time, and two football games will draw Abilene fans—that of the Eagle-Bobcat game in San Angelo, and the Collegians-West Texas State here. The Rev. Marshall Masters, pastor of the First Christian church, will deliver the sermon at the annual Thanksgiving service. The Chanters of McMurry college, under the direction of Mrs. R. B. Wylie, will sing The Largo by Handel. Dr. T. S. Knox, president of the Abilene Ministerial alliance, will preside. All county and city offices, tne postoffice, downtown stores, and both banks are to be closed aw day Thursday. The department oi public safety, driver’s license division, will observe Nov. 30 as Thanksgiving day. and stated Tuesday that it would be open tomorrow. The Reporter-News will print neither the morning nor afternoon editions on Thursday, as a newsprint conservation measure. Reporter-News Wants Addresses At suggestion of parents of soldiers The Reporter-News invites all such parents to the newspaper Bst-#. <aearing house through ..which to learn names of boys from this region serving in the same outfits. Today’s query is: Who has a son or husband In the 104th division. Those who wish to answer this question may mail to the managing editor. Reporter-News. their names and addresses and telephone numbers. and the names of the soldiers. Those who would like for the Reporter-News to ask for names of parents of boys in other divisions should write also and make such requests. When names of more than one soldier in one division, and those of his parents are received, they will be published along with the name of their division. In order to adhere .sirictly to censorship rules no reference will be made in the newspaper at any time as to where any division is serving. While the presence of many divisions in various combat areas has been released for publication by the war department, many have not been. The only safe policy is to forego publication of the location of any outfit. ttllE GENEBAI. VISITS MERKEL SOLDIER—During a tour of the front in France, Gen. Dwight Elsenhower, Supreme Allied Commander, visited a hospital where he talked Nov. 5 with a soldier listed as Pvt. Oliver Webb, of Abilene. A Tuesday story accompanying the above picture stated that neither Private Webb's family nor registration had been located In Abilene. Tuesday afternoon The Reporter-News received Information that Mrs. ^liver Webb, living in Merkel, believed the soldier sho.wn to be her husband. Mrs. Webb was puzzled, however, because she had received a letter from her husband dated Nov. 3, at which time be had his sergeant’s rating, which he received before going overseas. Sergeant Webb was living in Hamlin at the time of registration; so registered In Jones county, later transferring his registration to Wasco, Calif., where he was working. He was inducted Feb. 3, 1944, and trained at Ft. McClellan, Ala., and Fort Meade, Md., before going overseas the last part of August of this year. He Tvent first to England, later to France. Mrs Webb, the former Neoma Grayson. Is living at Merkel with her two children, Shirley Fay, 9, and Linda Ann, 6. The sergeant’s parents» Mr. and JUrs. W. W. Webb, also live at ^ YOUR ATTENTION Important stories on Inside pages include: Page 2—McNutt urges business cooperation. Page 3—More te.stlmony offered In University of Texas squabble. Page 7—Promotion of 73 Army officers asked. Page 11—Agreement reached on highway land. Page 14—El.scnhower promises greater European push. Page 14—Donald NeLson given cabinet status. Page 14—A Yank private fights with fists. OPA Speeds Work To Hold Ceilings WASHINGTON. Nov. 2l.~(A^)— The OPA tonigh'c rushed a brake adjustment on the nation’s price control machinery—a tightening-up intended to halt a .slight upturn in living costs. Tlie projected new control, aimed at holding down textiU and clcrching prices, was regarded by some observers as a fresh iTidication that the government probably will delay any basic change in the “Little Steel” wage formula until Germany is defeated. Stricter price control in the meantir.e is a ••muS’c” program to keep costs ot essential commodities to wage levels. ARMY CONFIRMS DEATH OF LT. BEDFORD RUSSELL Death of Lt. Bedford Russell, former star football player for Hardin-Simmons university, January 14, 1943. when British planes sank an Italian submarine on which he was a prisoner has been confirmed by the War department. • LT. BEDFORD RUSSELL Mrs. Marljohn Melson Russell, his vife, yesterday advised her mother, Mrs. Spencer Sullivan, 790 Cedar. A telegram and letter told Mrs. Ru^ell information given her in the summer of 1943 by Lt. Earl S. Millechamp, navigator of a B-17 piloted by Lieutenant Russell was correct in that the Abilenlan w*v. killed. Until the recent communications Lieutenant Russell was ll^^‘'fQfii(^‘Ux~as^.\Kaä oner.. --Pope Plus advised Mrs. Russell some months ago he had lalkrd with her husband in an Italian war camp and that a year ago today. Nov. 23. 1943. the officer had been turned over by the Italians to the Nazis. Apparently this was a case of mistaken identity. "Your .husband was reported a pnsotier of war of the Italian government,” Adj. Gen. J. A. Ulio wrote Mrs. Russell- in infonnation received yesterday. “It has been officially established from rep>ort.s received by the War department that the information furnished you by the repatriated American officers who were with your hu.?band at the time of his death *ls accurate and your husband was killed in action 14 January. 1943, In the Mediterranean sea between Tripoli and Taranto. Italy, as a result of the destruction of the Italian submarine upon which he was a pri.soner. Lieutenant Millechamp wrote Mrs. Russell a year ago last summer of the incident in which her husband died. The plane piloted by Lieutenant Russell, he said, was returning to a North African base when it was shot down in a bitter fight with Messerschmitts. The B-17 was shot to pieces but Russell “by skillful maneuvering, managed to cra.sh land on the de.rert without hurting anyone." he said. The Italians later captured the men and after about 10 days put them on the submarine. The next day the sub. while cruising was hit by three depth charges from a British Beaufort. When the sub surfaced it was machine gunned by the British and the Italians fought back, Millechamp said. Three British ci;ulsers soon ap-pe^{|6d~snd began-to shell the sub, See LT. RUSSELL, PJ-. li; Col. 3 CPL. NAT L. MANN DIES COLORADO CITY, Nov. 21—iSpl) —The youngest of four brothers in military service. Cpl. Nat L. Mann. 21, was killed Nov. 7 in the Mediterranean area, a War department message today informed his mother, Mrs. Lena Mann of Colorado City. Corporal Mann, 1941 graduate of Colorado City high school, began his Army air corps training at Sheppard Field in March. 1943. Previously, he had worked in an aircraft factory in California and at Consolidated in Fori Worth. From Slieppard Field he was sent to gunnery school at Fort Myers, Florida, where he was awardea his gunnery-aerial engineer wings in March of this year. After a final period of training at Shreveport, La., he joined his overseas bomber crew in Georgia and left for overseas duty the last week in October. His brother. Sgt. Billie S. Mann, is in front lines of Italy with the Medical corps of the army. Another brother. Pvt. Tom Clay Mann, Ls training with the army engineers at CPL. NAT Alexandria, La., while the third brother. Seaman 2-C Virgil A, Mann Ls stationed in New Orlcaii-s, La.. with the Coast Guard. They arc the sons of the late Charle.s Mnnn, Sr.. pioneer Mitchell county rancher. COLEMAN OFFICER KILLED Five Killed In Explosion After Crash DENISON. Nov. 21.—(AP) —A fiery explosion that swept through a block of this city late today following the collision of a butane gas tank truck and an automobile fatally injured five persons and burned 30 others, 11 critically. Eyewitness reports said flames engulfed victims more than a half a block away from the sccne and the explosion rockcd homes over a wide area. Police speculated the olast was set off by a passing tram or by the exhaust of an automobile after the collision had freed the gas from the tank truck. Chief of Police Paul Borum. who called the explosion “the worst tragedy in Denison's history," was one of the first on the scene. "It seemed that people were Just standing there dazedly watching wliile human torches ran about screaming for help," he said. “The explosion and the blaze was over so quickly that everyone was too stunned lo act. It was several minutes before the bystanders could comprehend what had happened. It was almost necessary to use force to get the uninjured to help the injured." Borum said H. F. Hammond of Sherman, who later died, was blown 250 feet and fell to the ground with his clothing aflame. Clarence Scott, former mayor of Denison who was not injured, was among the eyewitnesses. “People.” he said, “were flying through the air.” Willie Mott, a maid at the home of Mrs. Ed Kilgore who was among the critically injured, said: "Everybody seemed to be running and everyone seemed panic-stricken. Everybody had their clothes burned : off."    ., A ho|-se in\R barn a block away from the explosion was blown out of the barn and through a fence. Many residences in the area were scorched by the blast and one burned to the ground. A small grocery warehouse was blown to bits while a service station next to it was hardly touched. Doctors from Perrin field, flying school at Denison, assisted local physicians in caring for the victims and plasma from Perrin was used. Nurses aides from nearby Sherman, Tex., were called to help nurses aides from Denison at the two Denison hi>spitala. The dead were ILsted as Mrs. W. L.. Sweeney. Kansas City: F. L. Nix. Deni.son: H. F. Hammond. Sherman, Lomue iker of Ucnison: and W. L. Swrrtipy. Kan.sas City. Lpwi.s Henry of Denison, another eyo\vitne.s.s. .snld E^arl Vick, a butcher at a grocery In the nelyhborhoixi. ran from the store immediately fol-lowlnji the arrident and .screamrd for ihe crowd to cot away from the tank truck, warning against the explosion which happened moments later “Nobody moved away.” Henry said Jeff Whitfield of Denison, driver of (fie irvKk. s»ld he also warned the crowd He Jumped from the truck immediately aPcer the collision and ran. shouting for others to do likewLse. he .stated. He escaped with light injuries. French War In Mulhouse By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Triumphant French forces swept northward down the Rhine from the Swiss border last night and fought into the big industrial city of Mulhouse, 17 miles from Basel, warmed by the unstinted praise of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower for their spectacular breakthrough at the Felfort gap. But hundreds of miles to the Bond Sales Here Inching Forward; , 535 Bought Working toward a quota oT $1.055.000 In series E bonds. Abilene Issuing agencies through last night had reported $110.301,25. Overall sales came to $414,535 against HOUSTON. Nov, 21 (/P)—The Sixth War Loan drive got off to a thunderous start today when H. R. Cullon, Houston oilman. purchased $1.000,000 In War Bonds for the special symphony concert on Dec. 13. sponsored by the United Nations committee. a quota of $3,395,000. In addition to the sales reported, $66,425 was results of a musical Jamboree In the studios of KRBC Monday conducted by Abilene Army Air Field war bond salesmen and women. Baylor and Sutton counties have gone over the top since the opening of the drive, and Tuesday at San Angelo more than $1,000,000 was subscribed toward their goal of $2,635,000. Nazi Broadcasters Tell of Heavy Loss LONDON, Nov. 21—(/P>—The German people got from their mlhtary reporters today a sombre account of German armies yielding ground before an Allied ofefnsive '‘which has not yet reached its peak.” Abandonment of their Eichweller salient In the Aachen .sector, trapping of a German garrison In Metz, the American Seventh Army'.s drive 10 Sarrebourg. the spectacular French breakthrough to the Rhine —all were broadcast by Berlin, sometimes in pessimistic terms. Most of the German accounts emphasized the danger to the Reich repre.sentcd by the Belfort breakthrough. The situation along the Rhine was usually described cau-tiou.sly as still “too fluid” for con-clu.'^ions on Its ultimate Importance, but Martin Hallenslebcn. German ncw.s agency correspondent, said flatly It “might well place tlie Ger-innn.s in a precarious sltuntlon," COLEMAN. Nov. 21— <Spl) — Lt. Ramon H. Newman, 28, son of Mr. and Mrs. H. O. Newman of Coleman, was killed in action over Germany on Sept. 12. last, according to a War department telegram received by the parcnus and widow, all of Coleman. Previously, the young man had been reported a^> missing in action over Germany on the same date. He was pilot of a B 17 Flying Fortress and had been stationed hi England witl; the 8th Air Force. He was holder of the Air Medal and two oak Icai clusters to it. Lt. Newman .studied at Sul Rosa College. Alpine, and prior to enter-i ing the Army in March of last year I was with the State Highway Department at Alpine. He won his wings and commission as a second I lieutenant at Roswell Field, Nev.-i Mexico, in June 1943. I Survivors Include his parents, a ' New UT President-Due This Weekend ! AUSTIN. Nov. 21    -m,. Aus tin American will .say tomorrow i , has learned from “a very authori ' tauve source” that University u , 'lexas resrni.s meeinig In FJl Pa.sf ' Nov. 24 and 25, will name a ne\ urnversny president. I The paper did not name th sour<-e of it.s Iniormatlon. Strikers Ordered To Go Back Today WASHINGTON. Nov 21—(/P>— The War Labor board directed to-nlRht that Ohio telephone operators return to work immediately or face government seizure of the fa-cilif ¡''S. WI.B hearing Chairman N. P Ffi.^'inger gave union offi<inl.s until in a m. tomorrow t<. decldr whether iiuv would recotJirnrnd that tnfm-hf-rs of the state Fpcieration of Telephone Workers return to work. north American and British troops were locked with the Nazis in a terrible struggle' east and north of Aachen which promised to have more immediate effect upon the outcome of the war than all the dramatic Allied advances in northeastern France. Front dispatches made it clear that the Nazis were waging their life or death fight on the Cologna plain, throwing everything they had Into a desperate effort to halt the masses of men and armor comprising the American First and Ninth Armies and the British Second. Their resistance nowhere eL&e—not even north and east of Metz—was comparable. Along a front of some 15 miles' from east of Aachen to north-north- NEW YORK, Nov. 21—The Bern radio reported tonight that *'it has Just been announced that the Americans are in the suburbs of Strasbourg.’* LT. R. H. NFWMAN Carved-Up Europe Dimmer Prospect WASHINGTON, Nov. 21 i/Py-Ttx chances that Europe will be can’ed up into western and eastern blocks dominated respectively by Britain and Russia are growing dimmer. French policy appears to be the reason for this trend but there are some indications that the British are less enthusiastic about the Idea than they once were. The Russians have said all along that they did not like it. BAIRD SERGEANT DIES BAIRD. Nov. 21.—(HW)—Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Burleson, Baird, received a telegram from the War Department Monday advising them that their son. S.-Sg't. Clarence Arthur Burleson Jr., had been killed in action. Sergeant Burleson was previously reported missing over Belgium May 9. 1944. He was a flight engineer on a B-24 Liberator. He enlisted In the service June 6. 1942, and trained at Sheppard field. Wichita Falls. Baltimore, Md., Salt Lake City, Utah. Alamorordo. N. M . and in Florida, South Carolina, and Wyoming. He wen'c to Eiicland in February. 1944. Sergeant Burle.son wa*; born in Tuscola Nov. 30, 1921. and moved to Baird with his family In 1935. Mr, Burleson is water .superintendent there, 'rhe sergeant attended Baird high school, where he was a star end on the football team from 1938 to 1941. He Wri.s a student at Har-dln-Simmons university a'c the time he entered the service. Surviving besides his parents are a brother, Forrest, who is attending Baird high school; and two sisters, Mrs. C. C. Hamilton. Glendale, Arlz., and Mrs. A. V. Curtis, Baird. Harmony Ret-urns ! WASHINGTON. N.iv, 21 - .•I-i I Capifol Hill wi(nes.sed todH>’ tlie fir.st ^ .sign of le.sficning antairoiiism be-' I'i'een Congre.s.s and the White Hou.se. Hej). Cox 'D-Gat to<')k the House floor anrt -ellvered a dramatic appeal for restoration of har- CON. one of the southerners frequently at odds with administration. declarec: • I look upon the election as a matinifHrnt personal tribute to the prisideni. Tlie people have .said that they want him and certainly the world salutes him as its first citizen, •'We nerd to cfltablLsh harmonIou.s relaiion-s with the executive branch of the government and maintain those harmonious relations.” Jet Plane Training Program Underway BAKERSFIEXD, Calif. Nov 21 — The War department permitted cii.‘«<iosure today of plans for a west-rni training pr<<Knun for Jet pru-pnl.sion plane.s. Bakersfield ha.s brrn selected a.s hi adqviarters of thf* «¡pumenl of the F'.urth Army »nr for< r respon.sjblf* for jet-propelled P5i) air romet triiinlng. The prowrani will embrace itir pick ol the nations flirrs from thf> world's battlnfrr'iits and those who have demonstraircl unusual ability in this countrv oast of that ruined city the Nazis were fighting fiercely for every crossroad and village. Casualties were heavy on both sides as the Americans and British slugged their way slowly but steadily forward. Each vUIage was left a heap of rubble. A typical front dispatch said ihe German was “fighting with untold fury on his own soil'* and that the Yank advance was painfully slow.** House-to-house fighting was in progress Inside Eschweller, seven mlics northeast of Aadhen, and In several nearby vUlages. Hamlch, nine miles oaat of Aachen and'six from the shattered German road center of Dum, was cleared of the enemy. Northeast of Gellenklrclien, 10 miles north of Aachen, British troops reached the outskirts of Wurm after beating off fierce German counter-attacks. A German broadcast said the Aachen and Metz fronts had become “mammoth battles of material” and added that Nazi iorces would find it difficult to withstand this "onrush of packed power.” Lt. Gen. George S. Patton’s Third Army pushed three miles Into Germany near Merzig and went about celanlng out Isolated pockets oC Germans in Metz, where organized resistance had endured. About 3,100 :)rl.soner.s were taken In Metz. East of the captured fortress city Patton's infantry was within nine miles of the German Saar frontier. Lt. Gen. .Mexander Patch’s U. S, Seventh Army, plunging across Lorraine. took Sarrebourg, 32 miles froni the Rhine and 70 miles northwest of Mulhoii.se. Gen. Eisenhower implied strongly In a talk to correspondents In Paris he expccted the Germans lo try to fight it out west of the Rhine rather than attempt lo nitlirlraw across the stream und' r the attacks of Allied planes, lie asked for more supplies than he has been getting. Although bad weather restricted .vujiport of allied ground troops yesterday. .some 1.250 U. S. heavy bomb*, ers turned four German oil refin-prie.s into flaming ruin. Their escort of more than 1.100 fighter planes de-roved at least 74 Nazi interceptors. There yet was no confirmation, from Moscow of German reports that the Red army had opened a huce winter offensive in Latvia, wiirre some 300,000 Nazi troops are porketed. Only minor engagements were re-por'rd from the winter-bound Italian front. Sfone Resigns FORT WORTH. Nov. 21— n-t»* m--icnation of Gaylord Stone oi Fort Worth from the state prison board ha.s been accepted by Gov-Stephen.'^on. Stone said to- dav Bill to Aid South WASHINGTON. Nov.    — Tlir federal ln.surance program considered in the House Uday will be a virtual “gold mine ” t/> the south If : it LS pa-ssed by ConRres.s. many soutliern congressmen t>elieve •if It Is approved and wirks out a.*^ we expect, it will mean a jiew era ; for sou'ihern farmers, where they ^ ran plan their production on a busi- ' ness-like basis.” said Rep. Cooley ! (D-N.C.). chairman of the agrlcul-| ture cub-commlttce which drafted tl'.e measure. The Weather UEPARTMENT OF CO? WEATHER BUREAU EAST TEXAS: ower Rio Grande nee in temperatures. TEMPERATURES No Reporter-News Thursday No Morning and Evening editions oi The Abilene Reporter-News will be published Thursday, November 23, Thanksgiving. This holiday will be observed in keeping with the Government program to conserve newsprint which is rationed. - Si Ë : if — - 48 Sunset l»«t nipht: 6:37. Sunrise this mo^nlns: ;

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