Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - November 19, 1944, Abilene, Texas SIXTH WAR LOAN Series E Quota Abilene Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY 'AS IT VOL. LXIV, NO. 152 .A TEXAS NEWSPAPBt ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 19, PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Press (AP) United Press ftwPRICE FIVE CENTS Increase fight on Leyte By the Associated Press Bitterly fighting Japanese forces, disregarding the.cost ol lives battled stubbornly today to hold the Limon sector on western Leyte island as other Nippon troops hastily prepared mountain positions to the south for the impending show-down action with America's army of liberation. American doughboys, meeting tough resistance, further compressed their lines around Limon, Gen. Douglas MacAr- thur's Sunday communique said. A Yank roadblock south of gthe mountain town was strengthened and Japanese attempts to run in supply trucks failed Other American troops con- tinued to knock put Japanese positions in the Ml. Lobi sec- tor of central Leyte valley. Heavy and medium American bombers blasted the Ormoc region while fighters sank two Email trans- ports In Ormoc bay. Seven Nippon planes were shot down during a raid on Tacloan and Dayug air- fields. One U. S. fighter was lost. Tiround damage was minor. General MacArthur said the Japa- ense have lost 500 planes on Leyte since invasion-day. Associated Press dispatches from file front lines said the despera'ce Japanese stand at Limon was a de- laying action to permit consolidation of positions in rugged terrain cent- ering on an escape road leading festward to palompon a port on eyte's west coast. This escape route and turns westward from the town of Llbongao, on the Ormoc road midway between Carigara bay on the north and Ormoc city on the 'flouth. Some Japanese tanks crashed a Yank-roadblock and succeeded in breaking through to Limon. The Japanese-controlled man- Hi radio, In broadcast to Nippon troops on Leyte, (old them they are "shouldering the destiny of the Japanese empire. Quoting the Japanese garrison commander-in-chief the station said "Japanese soldiers should remember their determination to annihilate the Americans bj launching death-defying at- tacks. Radio Tokyo without U. S. con- firmation, claimed the sinking of Mwo American submarines in Pacific waters. The dark military situation in China, with the Japanese driving to- ward Kwcichow province following their successful smashes through Kwangsl and its major U. S. air was marked by development of these new Vhreate.ning possibili- ties: First That, the invaders, los- ing the war In Burma, aim to cut the Burma road at Kweiyang, capi- tal of Kweichow. Second That the estimated quarter million Japanese troops In south China now are threatening to carry the war to Chungking's front yard and drive American Superfort- ress bases out of Western China. Kweiyang is only 210 miles south 'of Chungking, China's war-time capital. The Chinese high command reported the Japanese within a few miles of Hwaiyuanehen, 13 miles west of Nippon-captured Ishan. The Chinese said the In- vatlers were not able to advance on Hsincheng, miles west- southwest of Lltlchow. How- ever the Japanese claimed cap- ture of that town. American airmen were hitting .fc the Japanese northwest of Liu- chow, inflicting heav ycasual- ties as they bombed and strafed troop concentrations and supply lines, America's new army chief in the China theater, Maj. Gen. A. C "Wedemeycr, disclosed he made cer- tain recommendations to General- issimo hCiang Kai-Shek for dis- positions to meet enemy moves. He added "I still have the feeling our problems are not insurmountable." Chinese quarters in Chungking declared the country needs help now more than ever before. In the battle of Burma to reopen a land supply line to China from India Chinese forces expanded their positions southeast of the Japanese JtjBhamo base. They reached the Irra- waddy river mid cut the last Japa- nese routes south from Bhanio. A gain of more than lo miles was registered by Allied troops south of Kalemyo on the Clilndwln front. Four of Seven Prison Escapees Shot, Re-Taken HUNTSVILLE, Nov. Pour of seven men who escaped from Wynne prison farm tonight ivere shot and recaptured by guards, arid only one of the seven is still at liberty, Capt. R. H. Baughn, manager of: the prison, announced. Baughn said the prisoners sawed through the bars of a brick dormi- tory building but were sighted by guards as they crossed the prison yard. The guards opened fire, he said, dropping two of the prisoners, Wil- liam J. Cummings, 33. who was shot In the back, and Jack Gonzales. struck in the back of the head and the neck. The other four men apprehended were tracked down with dogs. The farm is situated six miles northwest of Hunteville on the Dallas highway. Cummings is serving 12 years for robbery and felony theft from Dallas and Walker counties.. Gon- zales, the seriously wounded. Is serving 12 years for burglary and tiieft from Hidalgo county. Baughn also listed as shot and re-raptured. Durwood Dean Clark, 33, serving 15 years for robbery..by.assault and Grayson county.'- Curtis Stevens, 33, 'serving 55 years for robbery by assault, from Harris and Dallas counties. -The prison manager said the wounds of Stevens and Clark did not require hospitalization. Guards with the aid of dogs also captured Elmer Dunlap, 21; servhig 5 years on a burglary and theft, conviction in Collin county and Eugene Franklin Kilgore, 20. who is serving 25 years for robbery and embezzlement from El Paso county. Still at large, Baughn said, was Alvin Donald Hodge, 20, who is nicer a five-year sentence for bur- glary from Dallas county. The Weather U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND Cloudy rain and cold. Fresh wind Sun- day. and warmer. EAST rain and told north and central portion.', Hear- Inif and warmer In extreme south: Ircsh SiinriXv; Monday cjearlnf ard warmer in north and central porttov WEST and warmer Sunday; Monday ceneraMy fair with little fhanje In Jem p Sal. Frl. A.M. TEMPERATURES Sal. rrl. P.M. JO 411 TO 3d II... 15... pei In.: It and in. High and low name t r' Siinsfl laxl nlghl: Siinrhf this morning: Sunlit tonlfhl: 40 turea to ft n. Stevenson Vote More Than FDR By The Associated Press Gnv. Coke Stevenson polled more votes in the general election than the Koosevelt-pledged electors poll- ed In Texas, according to tabulations by the Texas election bureau last night. Complete returns from 244 out of (he state's 254 counties fave Steven- son votes as against for his republican opponent, B. J. Beasley. Tyler. Complete unofficial returns frofn all 254 counties gave President Roosevelt of the total 146 votes cast in the Nov. 7 election That was less by than the vote with which he can-let! the state in 1940. The total vote set a new.high for general elections In Texas, and was second for all Texas elections only to the cast In the July 1940 Democratic primary In the govern- or's race won by W. Lee O'Daniel. The Democratic vote was 71.7 per cent of the total. Republicans had less for Tom Dewey than for Wendell Willklc in 1940, but the ma- jor oposition to Roosevelt was stronger by votes, accounted for in those cost for the Texas Reg- ulars (anti-Roosevelt Democrats) party. The returns gave Dewey-Brickcr electors votes: the Texas Regulars Socialists 530. Pro .ilbitionists 910, and America Firsts 256. HARD-HITTING U. S. PILOTS IN of the 49th, fighter group of the fifth air credited with destroying 537 Jap planes since March, 1942, stand in front of and atop one of their planes at a Philippines base. On ground (L to Col. Robert Morrisey, Tecumseh, Neb.; Lt. Col. George Walker, Council Bluffs, la.; Capt. Robert DeHaven, Hollywood, Cal.; Capt. W. Drier, St. Louis, Mo.; Lt. George Smerchek, Cleburne, Kan.; Lt. Carl A. Estes, Pittsfield, Me.; Maj. Wallace R. Jordan, Long Beach, Cal.; Maj. Richard I. Bong, Poplar, Wis.; Maj. Gerald Johnson, Eugene, Ore.; Lt. A. B. Lewelling Albany, Ore.; Lt. C. I. McElroy, Wynne, Ark.; i Lt. R. W. Wood, Yufaa City, Cal.; Capt. W F, Williams, Me-1 Carney, Tex.; Lt. John I. Forgey, Detroit, Mich.; Lt. Try B Smith, Hanscn, Idaho; and.Lt. C. W. Gupton, Durham, N. C On wing (L to R) Lt. Bernard M. Krankowitz, Newark, N. J. Lt. Richard C. Kirkland, Wheeler Ridge, Cal.; Lt. Don Curl Guthrie Center, la.; Lt. Raymond A. Swift, Ogden, Utah; Lt F. W. Helterlinc, Watervillc, N. Y.; Lt. Warren D. Curton Spring City, Tenn.; Lt. D. W. Fisher, Onarga, 111.; Lt. I. L Curley, Oakland, C-iI.; Lt. W. C. Boyd, Lamesa, Tex; Lt. R D. Campbell, Chicago, 111.; Lt. H. H. Norton, San Antonio Tex.; Lt. L. D. Nelson, Seattle, Wash., and Lt. Mildeu Mathre Cedar Falls, la. (AP ODT Won't Permit Second Bus Line Here Attitude of the Office of Defense Transportation, an important factor in Abilene's confused bus franchise problem, was clarified Saturday by a statement to The Reporter-News from E. P. McCailum, Jr., regional director of ODT's motor transport division in Dallas, that needed ccr- ;ificates could not be given two bus companies in Abilene. While ODT's position was thus made plain, the bus. situation in Abilene was littio changed from what it was two months ago when commissioners echoed Mayor Will W. Hair's statement, "My patience and invited applica- tions from any aus concern wishing to put rival system to the City Service'Bus company. Newesti action' by. the city fathers was the passage on first'reading Fri- day of an ordinance that would give a 15-year franchise to George Page, local taxicab company owner, and associates. Cut out, however, was a section that would have cancelled any right W. O. Kcmpcr, owner of the present system, might have. ODT will not approve gaso- line, tires, and equipment for duplicating bus service, McCal- lum said yeiserday, "Thrre is no place in Abilene for two bus companies since the present system serves all the he said. "This office must give approval to new bus ser- vices and such a duplication would be contrary to ODT regu- Yugoslav Factions Agree on Plebescitc LONDON, Nov. Tito's national committee of liber- ation and the exiled Yugoslav gov- ernment in London were reported to have agreed to cslab- Ish a regency in Yugoslavia in the icnr future, with a plebiscite to be licld after the war to determine war tlef returns to his whether King Pe hrone. Marshal Tito himself was report- ed to have been chosen to be pre- mier of a new Yugoslav government of 2ft members representing both lie national liberation movement and Hie exiled regime. Dr. Ivan Subnslc. premier of the London government, is expected to be one of the three regents. ike Expected To Act Quickly WASHINGTON, Nor, Authorities here believe that Gen. iRht D. Eisenhower will act with speed and power to maintain Older n Belgium if threatening political lisputes produce oYicn violence.. The general's first responsibility as Allied commander in diiff is to irevenl any kind of outbiTflk from nterfering with the slorming of Germany's inner fortress. He has plenty of authority under agree- ments with the Belgian govern- ment, though naturally he would prefer not to divert forces from the main job. While the direct war aspects of the Belgian trouble command first attention here, there is iiilcn.se dip- lomatic interest, alfo in the power and purpose of communist groups there and In Prance as well. It- is considered possible that the experiences of liberated Belgium and western Emopean communists are playing a Moscow' policy line, and also sonic indications of Rus- sian policy toward the countries of western Europe. lalions, "If the city were to cancel all rights and permits of the pres- ent company we would grant needed permits to a new com- pany. We would also transfer permits if the present company were sold. But if a new company wants io go in it must buy out the present one or the city must 'kick him out'. "We are not interested in any Individuals and we do not try to pass on the efficiency of any service. That is up to the city, We cannot say, "Mr. Kempcr, it looks as if the city doesn't like you' and then cut him off. The city..itself must cancel alHhls rights or'permits or whatever he It Is not the-shortage of'equip- ment that is now so severe as it is the shortage of tires, the regional director said. Ihe Army still needs Phone Operator Strike Spreads COLUMBUS, Nov. The strike of Ohio telephone oper- ators spread to the populous north- industrial belt tonight when Mrs. Lena Eisenhart, president ol the Northeastern Ohio Traffic coun- cil of the telephone workers union, announced that Cleveland op- erators would walk out as soon as picket lines could be established. Mrs. Eisenhart said that a mem- bership meeting of the Akron coun- cil, representing some 380 operators, was in progress, and that she ex- pected to receive word "very short- ly" from union local meetings at Canton and Youngstown. Peace on Morals WASHINGTON, Nov. 18. Catholic bishops of the United Stales called today for an Inter- national peace organization founded on moral law and repuditalng power politics. They said in a statement the se- curity council planned at Dumbarton Oaks "must not be an instrument for imperailistic domination by a few powerful nations." New Special Service Officer at Air Base First Lt. Edward J. Koscrolck, B'ho arrived at the Abilene Army Air Field last week, has been appointed special service and educational of- ficer, It was announced Saturday Ihrough the ofice of Col. Harry Weddington, base commandant. Lt. Maxwell H. Garret will assist as director of entertainment. Lieutenant Kosciolek Is 25, married and in civilian life lived In Minne- apolis, Minn. He enlisted on Oct. 4, 1041 at Ft. Snelllng. Minn, and was sent to Air Force administrative school at Miami Beach, Ha., as an officer candidate. He received his commission on Dec. 9, 1942 and was asslgned to Merced, Calif.. AAP where h6 was Special Service Officer. On Dec. 8, 1943 he was promoted to the rank of first lieutenant. Lieutenant Kosclolel: graduated from St. Thomas College, St. Paul, In 1941 with a Bachelor of Arts degree In Sociology, more heavy duty'tires than can be furnished and It is getting more dif- ficult daily to supply essential ci- vilian needs, he said. "The equipment might be found, but those new buses will need he said. Shortly after the commission's in- vitation two months ago, Merle Gru- ver, Jack Simmons, W. J. Fulwiler, Jr., W. J. Fulwiler, sr., and Harold Swindler offered to take over the Option which the partners of Ahilenc-Vievr Bus company held on tfi integral buses belonging to New Orleans Public Service company was not allowed to ex- pire and the Abllenians have purchased the_wliole fleet, Merle Gruver, Bcnerar manager, an- nounced Saturday morn I n K. .This was after an ordinance granting the local franchise to these partners failed second reading by city commissioners Friday. "In scouting around for buses for Abilene we found more peo- ple wanting to buy buses than to sell Gruver said. "Since we are qualified as deal- ers and were able lo buy them at a good price, U was good business lu exercise our option and re-condition them in our own shop." bus system If they could buy out Kemper and. get a franchise. The city declined such a proposition, saying they would have nothing to do with removing Kemper from the ilcture. Gruver. Simmons and associates came back with the announcement hey had bought out Kemper subject to their getting a franchise. After a great deal of delay and negotia- tions, an'ordinance granting them a 25-year franchise for a yearly .ax the first 10 years and one per- cent of.the gross receipts thereafter was passed on first reading two veeks ago. Next development was the a.n- louncemcnt by George Page, O. L. 'age. W. L. Murphy, Frank Gcrlncn nd C. S. Guin they would apply. Final action on the Simmons- Gruvcr ordinance was postponed un- 11 last Friday, first legal date the other proposal could be considered. Commissioned W. E. Bcaslcy's mo- ion the Simmons-Gruver ordin- ance be passed failed for want of a second and the Page ordinance providing tax the first five years and one percent of the gross the remaining 10 years, was passec on first reading by a unanimous vote. Major difference in the two pro- positions, other than the difference in the amount of tax, was that one had bought out Kemper subject to the franchise, and the other hadn't W. R. Ely, attorney for the Page interests, said his were will ing to pay a "reasonable" sum for the present concern but "would nol offer any for it as the oth- ers did." "This large payment which waters the stock of the company would be to the people in the fofn of higher Ely declared. Ely' maintained at the com- mission meeting Friday his con- cern could obtain needed equip- ment. Saturday morning he said they would "have new buses within 90 days." He quoted Au- brey Stringer, ilislrict ODT di- rector from Fort Worth, who was here Thursday to the ef- fect two companies could be supplied if their buses "do not run along one behind Ihe olher." "They criticized Page for having Ihe laxl Ely said, "but as taxis wear out they cannot hr New taxis are things of the past until production begins again." He supported' his statement he Sec BUS, P. 4, Col. 1 'MISSING' PILOT CANCELS NEWS BREAKFAST WILL LAUNCH NEW BOND DRIVE MONDAY Taylor county's Sixth War Loan drive will be launched Monday morning witli a kick-off breakfast of coffee and doughnuts at (he Hil- ton hotel at 9 a. in. when directors and workers will round out plans for a speedy push toward the over- all goal of S3.395.000 and the Scries E goal of B. R. RiankcMShip, Scries E clwlr- man, will be master of ceremonies at the brief .session where emphasis will be laid on sale of that smaller security. C. W. Caldwcll, county chairman. Malcolm Mecks and Henry James will be presented for short explanations of the import- ance of Scries E's, who can buy them and their worth as Invest- ments. All directors have been urged by Blavikcnshlp to be present and see that their workers art on hand so final plans can be laid. Assisting Chairman Caldwcll In the drive will be the executive com- Blankemhrp, Rural Chair- man Tom K. Eplen, Ed Stewart, George Ban-on, C. W. Gill. Henry James, Malcolm Meek and W. J. FuHviler Sr. A special committee for Indus- trial Series E solicitations was an- nounced Saturday by Blankenshlp. These commit teemen will contact the businesses in town with large numbers of employes to get them organized for Scries E sales. These employe groups ivill be asked to take a quota for the two-month drive based on their payroll deduc- tions and expected increase. These industrial workers will be Joe Benson. Jim Kcely. C. W. Gill, W. J. Deaklns, Hollls Manly, Vic Bel'irens and Thcron Fergus. There will be no house-to-house solicitations, Blankenship said, but the women will have a larger part in the campaign than ever before. They will be In charge of bond booths to be sot up during the drive and. under Hie direction of Mrs, L. E. Dudley, will be responsi- ble for purchases by the following colleges and uni- versities, public schools, womcns' clubs, city, county, rtatc and gov- ernment employes, attorneys, ac- countants, music companies, barber and beauty shops, service stations and negroes. Directors tor other classifications arc P. P. McCarty, George Poster, Fwd Hughes, O. P. Brebe, Bob Fielder, Walter Jarrett, Carroll Rog- Sce WAR, p, 4, C'nI. 3 CHICAGO, Nov. notice on the liullctln board of the Western Electric company's plant, asserting a former em- ploye, Lt. Clifford S. Lovett, 23, was missing In action, disap- peared today. It was torn down hy the er pilot himself, who appeared at the plant nn a .surprise visit while on home leave. Lieutenant Lovett said it hail taken a 750-mile hike through enemy territory lo rx- punee the Armf's missing-in- action classification .after his plane, The Agony Wajfon, was shot down last May 18. Max Giles Home From Pacific S-SKt. Max Giles, 25, probably thought the whole work! was ftgain.st him when he was hospitalized No- vember 6 in El and Abi- lene buddirs came home wilhout him alter serving In New Guinea. But Sergeant Giles is as happy as a lark today because he Is home now alter the forced delay en roule. Sergeant Giles ana his pals, S- Sgt. .lake Znbloudil, Ist-Sgt. Chem- ist (Kit) Johnson and Cpl. Bill of were com- ing from the war front and had ar- rived at El Paso when Mp.x came down with malaria. This was the day before the four men were scheduled lo arrive home. So Max went to (he hospital and the other men reluctantly left him in El I'aso and headed for Abilene. All the men are members of Troop G, 112th Cavalry. Sergeant Giles had spent 2B months on New Guinea as a mess sergeant. "Believe me, he said, 'those mosqultocf, were as thick as files. And big ones, ton." This Is the first lime he hn.i been home In 35 months. He is visiting his parents, Mr. nnd Mrs. A. M. Giles, 1934 Merchant. He will be here until December 'I when he will leave for reassignment nt Santa Barbara, Calif. Allies' Winter Drive Clicking Associated Press War Editor British Second Army troops and armored units joined the I American Ninth and First Armies yesterday in a terrific push toward the Rhine along a HO-mile front. All three armies were forging ahead against desperate German resistance in one of the greatest battles of the war, latest field reports said. Meanwhile, three other Allied armies hammered east- ward along the muddy, 400-mile front in a day of blazing bat- tle that also was highlighted by the U. S. Third Army's entry into Fortress Metz and its invasion of the Reich at a new point on the Luxembourg border. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhow- er's winter offensive was hit- ting hard, with these develop- ments: In the north, the British Second Army seized Helden, 7 1-2 miles I from vcnlo, German Maas river stronghold In eastern Holland-'two miles from (he German border. Oth- I er British units 17 miles to the south King Says Gains n Pacific Bring Major Problems OHICAGO, Nov. Ernest J. King, Navy commander in chief said tonight the speed at our advance in both war theatres has created new production problems for the Navy. In an address at the opening ol the Navy's sixth war loan exhibit at the Navy pier here. Admiral King said "accelerated operations are placing a heavy strain upon reserves of certain 'vital items and produc- tion of these items Is falling behind the mounting requirements." "For he added, "assault transports and supply vessels which traverse the wide expenses of the Pacific carrying battle troops and their battle equipment to enemy beachheads are not being produced rapidly enough to enable us to maintain our momentum." Admiral Kim said that while the war today "is well ahead" of issl year's expectations "this should stimulate rather than sap our de- termination to carry on with every mettns we can muster." Ke.erctary of the Treasury Mor- gen' ._ESf-.ln a speech on the same broadcast set ths cost of thc-Mari- anas campaign at "Let us he said, "at the cost of, p. single naval operation Take for example, the Marianas campaign. The naval force which participated In this single operation represented nn Investment by the American people of well over "Of course, this Investment in ships and planes will be used over and over again, and cannot be changed up as the cost of conquer- ,njr Guam, Saipan, Tinian, and the other Marianas islands. Get Out Longies, Gloomy Advice The weatherman buttoned up his overcoat last night, rubbed his lands together, and after checking charts, thermometers, wind gauge, graps and other records :ame forth with some gloomy news. The weatherman Is hi neither of liose two well-known elates of icople in Texas who dare to predict lie weather. He has Instruments me! many types ol equipment to jack up his or bad. But it was with a great deal of cluctance that he nnnouuccrl to- ay's weather would be cloudy with ain nncl cold with fresh winds. He ixplaincd that fresh winds meant jne on your longics. The veathcrmnn thought tills was suf- ictent warning to citizens who night venture from their radios and Ire-places. But a faint smile came over the vpalliCTmnn's face as he announced his cheery news: Monday will be IcarinE and warmer. And for the loup.owives who plan to rlo the nmlly washing tomorrow this was nnortant. The weatherman Mid prcclplla- lon during the past two days mounted to .44 of nn Inch. Tills vas fine for lawns In town and list what the ranchers wonted for heir pastures and small grain. Farmers sairl the rains arc holcl- :ig up the harvest of crops but the loibture Is not huvtiiis cotton and because it tons been f. slow, feady downpour. So Ilic weather- or whoever Is to blame for he weather. Mil. pretty good about he whole thing. went over to the attack for the first time and gained up to two miles -in enveloping Geilenkirchen, 12 miles north of Aachen. South of the British front, the American Ninth Army battled its way one to two miles nearer 'the Boer river barrier to Cologne. The towns swept up by the Yanks in- I eluded Puffer.dorf, six miles west I of Julich, German road center. The I Germans were reported In a field dispatch to be spending lives and tanks recklessly to prevent a break- I through in this sector, gateway to I the Ruhr industrial belt. The U. S. First Army forced back a German counter-attack near Stolbcrg, five miles east of Aachen, and pushed steadily Despite (he tmj of (ho Nazi defense, the Yanks drove new dents In the, powerful forti- fications east of Aachen. The U. B. Third Army slammed a I mile and a half east into Germany I at the Junction of the German-Lux- I embourg border, taking two border I towns and reaching Sehndorf. Arm- I ored units of the drove to I within one, to threjiJrUles of the In- I frpntle.'; Army. infantry i were fighting inside Forti Hitler Can't Sleep LONDON, Nov. IS Ankara radio reported today one (rouble will) Miller Is that hn cannot sleep. The broadcast, quoting German and neutral sources said the fuehrer had suffered "a complete nervous breakdown consisting of Inso- manii menial fatigue and gen- eral weakness." Strike Scheduled DALLAS, Nov. certain wage demands are met, Dallas railway union terminal cm- ployos will stop work by Dec. 21, H. R. Lyons. International vice president of the Brotherhood of Railway nnd Steamship Clerks said today. ana'tarfs ress Mete, having" entered from "thVI north and south. Most of Metz' I er forts were surrounded or. threat-1 ened and the German escape gap f to the east w.as cut to a mile and I closed off by artillery fire. I The U. S, Seventh Army, close by I on the Third Army's right flank, I captured at least eight towns in Ita new drive to within three to six I miles of the Vosgcs passes which lead to the Rhlncland. The French First Army, In sight of Belfort gap, another Cosgea mountain pass into Germany, made a six-mile gain and swung sharply on Us right flank at tho Swiss move which caused a German retreat. Meanwhile, 400 American fighter pilots shot down or de- stroyed on the ground 86 Ger- man planes in a near-record straffing Jaunt to Munich. An- other U. S. fighters blast- ed German troops and vital points In support of the great ground offensive in the west. One thousand Allied bomber) hit gasoline stores In western and southern Germany. HAF bombers H'cnl out over the Ruhr again last night. In the cast. Russian tanks and In- I antry smashed four miles through jcrman lines 15 miles northeast of Budapest in a powerful encircling novcment which swept to within 19 miles of the Vienna high road along I he Danube north of the besieged lungarian capital. Soviet forces were pouring artil- lery fire into Hatvan, German stronghold and key to all Axis de- femes east of Budapest. In Italy, Polish forces of the Brit- I ish Eighth Army seized Monte For- llno, live mile ssouth of the town of Faenza, in a half-mile gain. '45 Veterans Cited Following Escape WASHINGTON, Nov. Forty-five veterans of the early days I of fighting In the Philippines, who-1 escaped from a torpedoed Japanese f prison ship, have been cited for heroism or awarded the Purple Heart. I The War department tonight that the officers and men, among S3 survivors who escaped when the Japanese ship sank and they were taken off the enemy-held Philippines by an American subma- rine, received their awards in I special ceremony here. The men I were being shipped from the Davao prison camp when the torpedoing occurred. They were among 750 American prisoners on the ship. The fate of the others is unknown. Wounded Will Make Phone Call Home Nov. We- phone call home for every wound- ed veteran nt McCloskey General I hospital In Temple is the Intended Christmas gift of the students of Houston's Stonewall Jackson Junior high school who have raised about I from the snle of more than 2S.OOO pounds of waste paper and donations.