Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - November 16, 1944, Abilene, Texas "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. iLXIV, NO. 150 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 16, 1944 PAGES Associated Press iff) united prat FIVE CENTS Americans Virtually Close Leyte Trap NipsFighting Bitter Battle Yanks in Metz Suburbs Britons Only y Miles of KeyDuisburg 2RS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY- FORCE Paris, Nov. 15 American dough- boys by-passed bloody Fort priant today and boiled in ifcse lo the suburbs of Metz from three sides, clampinj the great fortress city in death grip, while in the north British troops drove five miles %rough the Boglands of east- ern Holland to within 37 miles of the key German industrial center, of Duisburg. Both Fort Driant and Fort Jean of the nine major bas- Wns ringing neutralized by Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's 85th division, which captured two smaller forts, Hubert and Jussy, as It smash- ed toward the outskirts of.the city from the west. Fort Illange, 14 miles JPrth of Metz and just south of TtiionvUle, also was stormed and Its Nazi garrison killed or captured. Dri ant's guns, which barked spas- modically yesterday when tho-Yanks began pushing past it on the north silent today, suggesting that Germans had abandoned the mighty mile-and-a-half long struc- ture on the west bank of the Moselle river as they previously had evacu- ated Ports L'Yser and L'Aisne after only small arms resistance. Due south of Metz the Ameri- can Fifth.division inched for- ward to within little more than a mile of the city while beating off some of the most determined .counter-attacks -the-Nazis hare raised since Patton's foruts their winter assault eight days ago. Peltre, two and a half miles south- east of Metz, was cleared of the en- emy, and German counter-attacks were beaten off along nearby Pouilly ridge, from which American, guns v'pnmand the 'enemy's main escape route from Metz eastward to the Saar frontier. The Germans, employing their first substantial force of armor since the American attack began, also fU'uck back viciously against Fat- 80th infantry division south of Remilly forest, southeast of Metz, but the Yanks stopped them cold and pushed within four miles of the city of Falkenberg which is only 10 miles from the Carman border. w (Possibly preparing the Ger- man people for the imminent loss of iMctz, Capt. Ludwig Ser- orius, leading Nazi military com- mentator, observed that the fa- f mous fortress city "represents an outer position, for hold- ing of which one. does not wage decisive battle hut engages only a smaller amount of enough to force the enemy to strong wear and tear of fitter weather and thick mine- fields supplied most of the oppo- sition as Field Marshal Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's British Second Army fought through the first full day of its new offensive southeast 'A Eindhoven in Holland. A staff ou'icer reported "we arc pushing on fast and for the present, at least, there is nothing much in sight to stop us." Poet Talks To Students Today Mrs. Dollllee Davis Smith of Cle- burnc, poet laureate of Texas, is to be speaker at the Abilene high assembly today at p. m. Mrs. Smith Is on a tour of Texas high schools. She was named poet laureate of Texas house of repre- sentatives. The Weather 1st French Army Attacks, Cains V. S. DEPARTMENT Or COMMERCE HEATHER BUREAU AND VICI.VITV: conslder- 1 rain change cloudiness "iWirsday anil Friday. Not mu in temperatures. EAST TEXAS: Considerable cloudi- ness with occasional rain Thursday and chance In temper- Friifa Not much WEST TEXAS: Considerable cloudl- less, occasional rain Thursday and Frl- Slowly rlsinjr lemnrrjilures <M TEMPERATURES HOUR n'a- SO 1. 11 f JW (einprrnltirrs same. ilr.lc h; S3 tit M an ,n. .nU iTuiirKe thin iti Runlet WITH THE SIXTH ARMY GROUP IN PRANCE, Nov The first French army of Gen. Jean de Lattre de Tassigny launched nn at- tack today on a 25-mile front covering both banks of the Doubs river on the. approaches to the Belfort gap and scored advances of four to five miles. Moroccan, Algerian and Senegalese troops reinforced by thevFFJ', smash- ed forward through the snow and seized 10 villages as well as taking several hundred prisoners. A heavy artillery barrage opened the assault, which reached all its local objectives including the village of Arcy, 11 miles southwest of Belfort and five west of Montbeliard, x At places the infantry broke through the enemy's forward de- fenses for as much- as five miles. Villages were taken on both sides of the Doubs. Arcy, on the main high- way from Besancon to Belfort, was the principal prize. But strung out in a southeasterly line behind it Tassigny's troops took Gemonval, Marvelisc, Onans, and Lougrcs, all north of the river, and Ecot, Vermondans and Ecurcey, all south of the river in the area of Pont-de- Roide. To the north Lt. Gen. Alexader M. Patch's Seventh Army, encountered heavy resistance at many points, but in the area northeast of Baccarat captured the village of Ste. Pole, a mile and a half east of Montigny. The Germans, who hold commanding high ground in this vicinity, re- sisted grimly. German opposition was particularly fierce east of Vaucourt and heavy artillery and mortar fire was directed against the Americans. At the village of Migneville, just north of Montigny, American guns, destroyed three Mark 4 and two Mark a tanks and one self-propelled gun.' Killing Frost Postponed Here The lowest official temperature recorded Wednesday was 39, re- corded at approximately 8 a. m. by the U. S. Weather Bureau, at the municipal airport. The highest was 57, occurring around 3 p. m. High and low temperatures recorded last year on Nov. 15 were 73 and 50. Although a killing had been predicted last night and warnings given to farmers and gardeners, at 10 p. m. the' temperature was si, not much lower than the 53 tem- perature recorded at the same time Tuesday. The forecast for today and to- m6rrow is considerable, cloudiness with occasional rain Thursday and Friday, not much change in tem- perature. Because of the cloudi- iess, the weather bureau predicts .ess of frost tonight. A light sprinkle was apparent dur- ng the later part of the afternoon and by 11 p. m. last night the down- town streets ran water. A light sleet swept Big Spring and the season's first ice appeared at Lubbock yesterday as a brisk norther snapped into Texas. Deer hunters were happy as their icason opened today, with, lowering temperatures. Cooler weather keps deer on the move and makes their transportation to cold storage less problem, hunters say. Wichita Falls registered 40 de- Tees when the norther slipped in .hrough the Panhandle. Tempera- tures of 40 were also forecast for Houston and Fort Worth. Amarillo wns expecting a drop to 27 degrees ast night and rainfall after Tues- day night's low of 29 degres. Salesman Drowns MOSCOW, Idaho, Nov. The body of L-. W. Wann, 60, Mos- cow implement salesman, was found today in an abandoned well south of here amid indications, officials said, that he had met death at- Sell-Out Crowd Seen for Play crowd for the- initial matinee performance here of the Black Hills Passion.play Thursday afternoon, Nov. .23 was nearly as- sured last night, Morgan Jones Jr., general chairman for the Lions club, local sponsoring organization, de- clared. -Tickets--.were districted to all city, schools 'yesterday 'while tele- phone calls came from a' number neighboring towns for .informa- tion. Trom Mrs. Lee C. Coffey. Roby teacher, came an order for 40 stu- dents and seven adults. Other roservations for groups were received from Stamford, Tus- cola, Cisco, Sweetwater and other towns. The Lions club's Passion play headquarters are in the WAC shack, North Third and Pine. Tlie telephone number is 7100. Sales of reserved seat tickets for all six performances have been brisk all week but Lions leaders pointed out that attendance would have to be heayy at all performances if the expense of bringing the play here Is met. There will be performances at 2 p. m. and p. m. Thursday. Fri- day and Saturday of next Nov. 23, 24 and 25. GKRMANS HKADED FOR INTERNMENT German soldiers taken prisoner as Middle- burg, Holland, stand on high ground awaiting Allied vessels to transport them across the canal to prison camps. Town in the background is partially submerged by "water which poured through by German de-molition troops. (AP Reds Speed Budapest Assault LONDON. Thursday, Nov. The Red army, increasing the pact of its'assaults aimed toward Buda- pest, seized the fortess city of Jaszbereny and more than 50 other Hungarian communities yesterday as the Germans fell back in hard-fighting retreats along a 100-mile front stretching from southeast of the capital to the area of Miskolc; Jaszbereny, a strategic railway center 35 miles east of Budapest, fell to a combination by-passing maneuver and direct frontal assault, Moscow announced this morning. "Having concentrated in this area large forces of infantry and tanks, the stiff resist- said the Moscow war bulletin. "The enemy re- peatedly tried to throw back our attacking unite. However, the Hitlerites' counter-attacks had no success." The Russians began to outflank the city on the northeast, and then, when the Germans extended themselves to meet this retreat, the attackers 'speared straight 'into the -town -and-toofc -it -in- fierce street fighting. Besides'this. biggest prize of the. day, the Russians .Jln.e. 'i rbm the. les; southeast bf recorded other- gaiiw right. along .Jl railway: ;.Mende, piily Budapest, up to Korom and a group of other com- munities nestling 10 miles below the north Hungarian center of Miskolc. Altogether 570 'German and Hungarian prisoners were taken during the day, Moscow reported. The Germans themselves announced withdrawal from Jaszbereny before its occupation was listed in the broadcast Soviet night communique recorded by the Soviet monitor here. The general nature of the German withdrawal was hinted at in a Berlin broadcast by the military conv mentatbr Ernst Von Hammer, who said, "cast of Budapest German troops, behind a curtain of steel from the fire of hundreds of our guns, have disengaged themselves toward prepared positions to economize their forces." The German announcer said the garrison at Jaszbereny had been surrounded Tuesday and had had to force its way back to a new line in a series of fierce counter-attacks, adding "his resulted in the necessity 'to abandon ruins of the town under pro1 tection of a rainy night." Russian said Jaszbcreny felt .in combat, by- evacuation. LOS ANGELES WOMEN SLAIN, THEN BODIES DISMEMBERED dog from.tween now and Dec. 31, the pres- .empting to rescue his he well. cnt payroll tax of one The body of the dog was found j each on employers and Compromise Near On Social Security WASHINGTON. Nov. Senator Majority Leader Barklcy (KY) said today a compromise is being sought to avoid a fight over a proposal to freeze social secur- ity payroll taxes. He told reporters "conversations are going on with the social se- that of Miss Griifin was found in curity board" looking to an agree- another hotel a few blocks away. Miss Johnson had been slashed from the breast to the pelvic region. Ho- tel employes said she had registered LOS ANGELES, Nov. to Steve Wilson, 31, was arrested tonight by police who identified him by fingerprints as the slayer of two women whose nude mutilated 3odies were found today in down- ;own hotels. Detective Lt. Harry Hansen said Wilson -had been identified by fing- erprints as the slayer of 25-year-old Virgie Lee Griifin and Lillian John- son. The bodies of both women had been mutilated. Hansen also said Fred O'Brianl, lotel bellhop, had identified Wilson as man and wife. Authorities said Wilson had been arrested before on charges of at- tempted rape. He was taken into cutsody late today within a few blocks of both downtown hotels where the sla.vings occurred. Wilson, six feet (all, was wearing a poio shirt when arrested. He has blond hair, combed in a heavy pompadour, and a mustache. Miss Johnson's body was discov- ered in a hotel a fev-' hours after ment, but "nothing lias been nally settled." Unless legislation Is passed be- years old, blonde, and when fount! murdered was nude except for her shoes and stockings, Miss Griffin had been slashed from neck to abdomen, the right leg severed at the knee and at the hip, the right shoulder amputated, and flesh had been hacked away from other parts of the body. "This is the most iicndlst crime in my 19 years of experience said Hansen. "It Is worse than the Winnie Ruth Judd case.'.' The body was found by a maid the hotel. It was lying in a clothes closet. Nearby was a knife with a nine-inch blade. Investigating of- ficers said the slayer also had used several razor blades in the mutila- tion. Pope Denounces in Warsaw By Tlie Associated Press Pope Pius XII denounced the n the three feet of water in the j will go Jan. 1. per cent employes well. to two per cent each on a few hours earlier with a man. Lieutenant. Hansen said .Mi Johnson frequently had been in bars near the hotel where her I body was found. She was about 38 r..... JAPANESE-AMERICAN SOLDIER OUSTED FROM BARBER SHOP The wnr rclo- cation authority'at Poslon, Ariz., reported that Pvl. Raymond Mntsudn, n wounded Japnncse- Amcricnn soldier who spent two years overseas and "wears decorations, had been ousted from a barber shop because of the owner's objection to.hjs ancestry, Private Matsuda is shown on the left and the barber shop on the right. (AP Nazis for their brutal subjugation of Warsaw in a statement issued yes- terday, the British radio reported a broadcast recorded last night by NBC. The pope was quoted as stating "whoever feels the smallest spark of humanity nnd justice cannot helo but he asK-'jndcd and appalled" by the Gcrman.s' conduct in the Po- lish capital. He r.ddca mai Warsaw's citizens had suffered "indescribable physical and moial hardships" and that women am! children In the city were in need of immediate help. Nazi Education Program Set Up LONDON, Nov. signi- ficant new step In the Naziflcatlon of the backs-to-the wall German the apparent Intent of making it a "never-surrcnder" force to fight on as guerrillas after de- announced today by Ber- lin. A new decree ordered all German officers and nnn-coms who arc members nf Ihe Nazi parly to "edu- cate their men in the Nazi philo- sophy" both on duty and off "In order to form a closer link-up be- tween the armed force and the par- ty." Previously members of Ihe Ger- man army were required to leave the party during their period of armed service. Thn new decree did not bear (he signature nf Hclnrich Himmlcr. But an authority on quoted tonight hy the British press association as express- ing conviction that (he man be- hind this move was Himmlcr, home- front and the man rumored in some quarters to have Miperccded (he my.sterlou.sly- scclnrlfd and .-.llcnl Adnlf Hitler as number our in tho Reich. Close students of Germany here Interpreted tcday'K decree as the most important, in a Nazi campaign begun some months ago to adapt the German army to the Nazi pat- tern of fanatic, re.si.stiince which would continue, as Hitler once put 11, "past hills and twelve underground. Such sistance would he designed, as Pro- paganda Minister Joseph Goebbel.s salrl nt (he founding nf the Vnlks- slnrn people's army, to "make ene- my occupation of Germany a ver- itable hell." GENERAL MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Philip- pines, Thursday, Nov. 14 Two units of the American 24th division "practically severed 'the Ormoc road" behind s trapped Japanese regiment as the battle for Leyte island flamed with bitter fighting today. Gen. Douglas MacArtluir announced that the .infantrymen in a double envelopment move thrust behind the Japanese near Limon, American-held village four miles south of Cari- gara bay. The main body of the 24th meanwhile engaged units of headlong combat on the road the Japanese first division in near Limon, which stands at the gateway to Ormoc corri- British Subs Sink 24 More Nippon Ships LONDON, Nov. submarines in Far Eastern waters have sunk another 24 Japanese ships, bringing to 69 the total an- nounced destroyed In five days, the Admiralty said tonight. A communique Nov. 11 announced the sinking of 45 ships. The latest toll Included 23 sup- ply ships and an anti-submarine vessel, the later intercepted in the east Java sea south of Celebes and sunk by torpedo. Surfaced submarines also shelled the harbor on the island of Car Nicobar, an Admiralty communique said, damaging installations and sinking several craft along the Jetty. Five submarines were singled out for mention in the newest attacks which mark a. rapid intensification of the Royal Navy's campaign against Japan. Since the beginning of the year it was declared British ships have sunk 158 Japanese vessels, Includ- ing one Japanese cruiser of the JCuma, class, arid craft ranging from Ifirge1 to -anti-subma- rine boats. It was believed that ft ton aircraft carrier sank after being torpedoed and at least one other cruiser was damaged by a torpedo. Bombardment of shore Installa- tions and ports us the submarines run close to sttike at the supply ships the coast has been a frequent, feature of the forays. The submarines also have surfaced often to shell enemy ships.______ Noel Can't Recall Brooklyn Mention LONDON, Nov. 15.-.m-TUe U. S. Army newspaper, Stars and Stripes, in a dispatch from its Paris office quoted Noel Coward as stating that he did not recall mentioning any Brooklyn troops in his book, Middle East Diary. Coward, who had been accused of slurring Brooklyn's fighting men with a reference to a slightly wounded Brooklyn boy "in tears amid the alien told the Stars and Stripes "I have no copy of the diary here but I do not recall any group which could be described as Brooklyn. MayM on one of my visits to hospitals M- from. Brooklyn and I said they were homesick. But in hospitals mast boys of all armies long to be in their own. home. Price Boost Denied, Coffee May Go Up WASHINGTON, Nov. 1S.-M1'- Pricc Administrator Chester Bowies and War Food Administrator Mar- vin Jones announced jointly ton.cht rejection of a petition from the Bread at Last SAN FRANCISCO, NOV. 15 -Fill- Angelina Over pino dinner tanks had white bread LUFKIN. Nov. on them last night for the. first! county citizens jumped the KUU on time in three yrars, George Thorn-1 the Sixth War Loan drive and had! the irlp in a accord- as Folster, NBC correspondent in exceeded the county quota of inn to one of the theories circulat- thc Philippines said In a broad- Sl.500.nno by a near lo-' inn among doughboys of the Amcr- .ntcr-Ameriwm Cotfee board for an increase in coffee price ceilings. Thcv made the announcement after 'transmitting to the board a letter formally denying an official request for a price boost on un- roasted coffee. The decision raised Ihe question of whether another cof- fee supply crisis will be precipitated in this country. Adoif in Japan? NEW YORK, Nov. is alive, hut is In Japan, and made as Folster, NRC correspondent in the Philippines said In a broad- cast recorded hTe. The American Army is issuing white bread to natives In eight ounce loaves, he explained. dor. Some 30 miles southward, the U. S. 7th division "bloodily" repulsed a Japanese counter-attack at Ba- logo, 10 miles south of Ormoc oq the coastal road. Tins means the 7th has advanc- ed four miles northward in its drive to apply the southern lever of the American squeeze against Ormoc, Japan's last port on the island, These Yank forces smashed a Japanese landing attempt Tues- day at Damulaan, 14 miles south of Ormoc. -The third arm of the Amer- ican pincers, pushing westward through the mountains, closed tighter elements of Ihe 1st cavalry division seized new hill positions and overran several enemy strong points. v, Forward elements of the 24lh division's two outflanking unlta were reported close to the vital Ormoc road late yesterday. One- unit swung around to the west, then turned southeast toward the road. Another force moved to the west, then turned southeast toward the road. Another force moved in from the east and pushed west. This difficult maneuver cut off Japanese forces estimated a regiment's men. The 'Nipponese were fighting bit- terly, however, and showed no signs of withdrawing. The unit of the 24th punching along the road were reported to have made slight advances over great piles of Japanese dend. The Japanese counter-thrust at Bslogo was on a. comparatively small scale, but the Nipponese loss- es in ihe action were estimated afc 50 percent of the force employed. Dismounted cavalrymen, driv- ing westward from .laro, over- ran numerous scattered Jap- anese ridge positions to seize Ml. iMamban, a foot height, and hills known as Numbers 4047 and 4018. The cavalrymen are closing In on Die road some distance brlnw the trap made by the 21th division. Associated Press War Corres- pondent Fred Hampson, with the 24th, reported many more Japan- ese dead were found, in addition to great masses of bodies littering ridges and valleys after fierce bat- tling early this week. American fighter planes again blasted Japanese barges and shore larKcls at Ormoc. Single enemy staged "several ineffective on American ground in- stallations, the communique report- ed, and five were shot down. YOUR ATTENTION On other pages of today's Rcpnrtcr-NeM's arc found espe- cially interesting stories, in- cln cling: Pace are urged to maintain production. Page I.ee Smith blocks senate investigation of University of Texas affairs. Page will he barred from peare table. I'asc Frank Doblo blasts Texas regents. Page In Italy make major advance. Steel Men Indicted WASHINGTON, Nov. 15-Wj Attorney General Blddle anounced thta 18 steel corporations and six night after a one-day radio bond lean First Army in Germany, Blue j of their officers were indicted sale over Radio Station KRBA. Network Correspondent Gordon The drive opens officially Mon- 1 Frascr said today In a broadcast day. from the front. In Trenton, N. .1., today nn charges of conspiring to fix prices on stain- less steel. HOLIDAY SHOPPING SEASON OPENS HERE TODAY The Christmas shopping .season oflclally opens in Abilene today, with the merchanls presenting hristmas merchandise in the ad- vertising section of this morning's ssuc of the Reporter-News, Stores had finished decorating .heir show windows Wednesday Most decora'cions arc simple lut festive. Red poinr.ettlas agaln.st i background of green holly leaves, )lue and silver bells, pine cones, ar- of silver and rod leaves, ind packages wrapped In holiday colors are popular backgrounds, Many stores are using a repre- sentation of Enow upon which to feature colorful clothing, Luiauina- live Jewelry, and that mo.st Christ- ithal apparently more dolls were on (of women's handbags made of fabric niasy of ail Chrl.sMnas merchandise j Ihe market. Although it has been corde, and crushed leathers. Some toys. Display of greeting cards rumored that mctnl toys could be lt.nihcl.s navc bccn barred for tho add lo the holiday atmosphere. j purchased this year, most Abilene stores are still receiving .shipments With Ihe postofficc. department and l.he express companies request- ing that both cnrrls and packages he mailed early in order lo Insure their reception by Christinas, shoppers are Already beginning 'co throng the stores, and "do your Christmas shop- ping early" will evidently be more than an idle maxim this year. A number of the carrying toys stated Wednesday that a larger number of sniffed animals were available this year than last, and of wooden ones. Melal articles mny be shipped In later. Clothing stores stated that a fair- ly normal amount of rendy-'co-wcar material will be available, but that piece Roods and linens are very dif- ficult to find. Good news Is that a large number of suits and coals of- fered for sale will be of all-wool material, whereas last year It had been necessary to mnke many of them of part wool and part rayon. Department stores will have plciily manufacture of purees by the gov- ernment. Because of the scarcity of rayon, certain types of lingerie and hose may be sold out long before Christmas. Women hoping for ny- lons tilts Christmas will again be disappointed. Merchanls stale that now, at the beginning of the season, n variety nf material may be found but that they cannot honestly promise that choice stock will last throughout tlia civcii-e Ctolstiutti shopping season.