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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - November 15, 1944, Abilene, Texas %OL. LXIV, NO. 149 "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 15, 1944 PAGES Associated Prea (AP) United Press PRICE FIVE CENTS 14 Jap Ships at Manila Metz Clamp 'Crows Tight SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCES, Paris, Nov. -troops struck eastward from' Nederweert in a new assault preceded by a 400-gurT bombardment today as the American Third Army closed within two miles of the fortress city, of Metz at the end ft the first week of Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's winter offen- sive. A frontline dispatch from Associated Press Correspond- ent Ned Nordness said the British had seized Bind in the first hours of their attack, which jumped off at 4 p.m., and Jiad made crossings of the Noord and Weseh canals east of Weert. Nordness said the Germans abandoned Meijel, indicating they wore withdrawing their strength from the region west of the Maas (Meuse) river. Associated Press Correspondent LewA Hawkins said the fall of Metz, which never has been taken by storm in modern times, appeared to be a matter of days, if not .hours, barring a suicide stand by the Ger- mans in the ..inner ring of fortifi- cations or fighting in the streets. Patton's troops, forging a horse- shoe around the city, captured five fortified towns on the outskirts of and narrowed the escape gap to the east to about eight miles. The Fifth division which took Fort L'Aisne' yescerday captured .Fort L'Yser today and drove to within two miles of Metz on the south and southeast, while the 9th launched a new attack from the west and pounded to a point three miles from the city. Both forts which were captured were found to be without big guns and were given up without serious struggle, but Hawkins said the Ger- mans were fighting to hold higher ground closer to the city. The surprising ease with which he Yanks were closing in on Metz posed a puzzle more baffling be- cause the Germans who fought des- perately to hold Port Driant on tie outhwest have 'not been' observed n any wholesale withdrawal from he city, which.is surrounded on hree sides. But it is possible that the.ene-, my could have pulled out a conV sidcrable portion of the fortress garrisons under the cover of night and thick .weather which has made observation from the air virtually impossible in re- cent days. Besides capturing Fort L'Yser to- lay, the Fifth division overran the owns of Pouiiry, uurvy, Orny, .Foil- Eden Asserts 'Anglo-French Unify Strong LONDON, Nov. nei high in Anglo-French friendshi] -'ftas proclaimed today by Foreign Minister Anthony Eden, strengthen ing belief In London that Britain is bent upon formation of a-western European bloc to guard against post war German aggression. %Bden strode to the well of thi ouse of Commons to tell In glow- ing terms of the re-emrrgcnce o France as a great to pledgi Britain's support in that effort, and to say that never before has the friendship of the two peoples rested a foundation." on the British good wll 1 mission to Paris, he spoke in the absence of Prime Minister Churchill who returned by air from the 1 French capital several hours. later "king tired .but.happy, at .the. re- ts of his mission. General .Elsenhower leaving France this morning. Eden's stress on the Ariglo-Frcnch friendship came amidst reports here that advance of the .Anmlhent meeting of the Big Three attempting to' line up an alli- ance among Britain, France, Bel- gium and Holland to stand sentine! over Germany after the post-vic- tory occupation period. This development is understood to %e designed to match a similar eastern alliance which would be formed around Soviet Russia with both combines so constituted that they would be able to function within the framework of any fu- ture world security league. Amid cheers from his colleagues, Eden offered this tribute to Gen- eral de man who to.- day Is unquestionably ths inspirer and the mnn who personifies the unity of the French people." He also of the vigor and confi- dence of the French troops. No V-2 Rockets Against America LONDON, Nov. 14 Month unsuccessful experiments wit 20-ton rockets have delayed th Germans' V-2 timetable and con vinced them It would be impossibl to use rockets against America ii this war, a usually well-informei 'ource suggested today. The monstrous rocket was designed as V-2, this inform ant said, and had a 12-ton war head. Large supplies of critically needed war material were given to] priority for Its production, he add- ,rfd, continuing: Hundreds of the rockets were launched toward experimental zones but. failed to reach the ground. Ger- man scientists theorizsd that fric- tion created by their great weigli and speed caused them to disintc- 1 Iterate in the stratosphere. Germans finally decided to reduce the size of the rocket. The present V-2 weapon with a one-ton warhead was the outgrowth. Ex- periments with such missiles of the size needed to be fired virtually been abandoned because of the disappointing results of the original V-2, he said. France Less Ruined Than Expected WASHINGTON, Nov. French are seeking approxi- mately two billion dollars worth of United States exports during' the next 12 months for use in rebuilding their country, it was learned tonight. Arrangements for the huge procurement program already are hear- ing completion. Some of the goods may be shipped on lend-lease because they are considered necessary to France's war effort against Germany or Japan but the great bulk go partly for cash and, officials hope, partly on credit. The French program, probably the farthest advanced of the economic plans to come out of liberated Europe, calls for purchasing 700 locomotives as well as comparable Quantities of railway rolHns stock and track equipment; trucks for highway transport; huge ship- ments of cotton, fertilizers, anil other raw materials. It has recently been revised as a result of the discovery upon the liberation of France that the ravages of war had not been as great as officials first believed. The amounts of factory equipment desired have been sharply reduced and the amounts of raw materials required to kee :exisi.lng French factories running have been greatly increased, similar there was a reduction in food required end an Increase in fertilizer an other food producing materials. The- biggest problem is how to finance the French program. Th answer will depend on what kind of overall export finance program worked out by President Roosevelt and Congress in the next few.months A hint of what may be coming; was given in San Francisco today by Charles F. Taft, a state department economic official, who called for repeal of the Johnson Act, which prohibits U. S. lending to nations that defaulted on World War I debts, anil for expansion of export- import bank's lending- authority. The experience of American and French officials in negotiating th French program touches at many points on problems that are expccte to become more and more common in foreign economic relations as the wi draws to a close. JHURCHILL, DeGAULLE INSPECT FRENCH TROOPS Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain (left) and Gen. Charles BeGaulIe, French leader, inspect a ;uard of honor of French troops at an airfield near Paris Muring the Prime Minister's 'isit to France. This is a British official photo. (AP Wirephoto via Signal Corps Top Hereford Ululls Average DALLAS, Nov. 14 Charles Pettit, owner of the Flat Top ranch at Walnut Springs, said a sale of 98 young Hereford bulis there av- eraged FT Mischief 2nd, calved in Feb- ruary, 1943, sold to Hutchlns Hutcmns of Sligo, 'ia., for top price during the sale, which was held Saturday. The Louisiana purchasers also CP Mischief Tone, calved 1D43, at The Pecan Valley ranch, Medina, bought FT Junior Mischief, calved March, 1D43, for The first 12 animals in the auc- tion ring averaged and the 20 averaged J1.050.' oy and Coin le Curvy and com- leted the job of cleaning out Bois e Hopital. All are close together outh and southeast of the city. West of Metz the 85th division wept past Chatel St. Germain in two mile push which carried to ;ozerieules, three miles from the Ity. Only, the guns of Forts Drianl nd Marival fired on those rs. At the northern extremity of the Third army front the 90th division expanded Ks Koenigs- macher bridgehead over the Moselle to Inglange, 3 1-2 miles southeast of Koenigsmacher and linked up with a smaller new bridgehead to the1 north. The original bridgehead still had not See GERMANY, Pg. IB, Col.' 1 New Rubber by GE NEW YORK, Nov. A new synthetic rubber, made mainly from sand, and which forms a bouncing putty, was announced here today by the General. Electric company. The rubber is a silicone, which means that it comes from silica and that it is made from the same base which produces British Eighth Nearer Ravenna ROME, NOV. 14 The Brit Ish Eighth' Army has '.von the coas- tal highway bridge over the Ghiata canal before Ravenna and in im- portant gains of uu to two miles- ii the Forll area has captured the vil- lage of San tome, Allied head- quarters announced today. Eighth Army units which cross- ed the Ghiata canal yesterday cut back across Highway 16 the coastal highway and capturcc Hie German rrar-guard holding the bridge. The Germans t were sur- rounded while engaged in meeting the Allied frontal attack from south of the canal, and the expertly exe- cuted maneuver gave the Allies an important new foothold on the ap- proaches to Ravenna. In capturing Sau Tome northwest of Forll the Allied troops took 100 prisoners. Mopping up of German mrtles west of the Ronco river lorth of Forti continued, with addi- tional prisoners taken. The desert air force was cooper- ating closely with ground troops dvancing slowly northwest of Forli in a front against Ger- nan infantry and tanks. Southwest of Forti, the town of San Varano was found to be clear if the enemy but heavily mined, and British troops crossed the Mon- one southwest of the village at two mints. The Germans countcr-at- .acked strongly at the lower cross- ng, but Allied positions were main- ained. Soviets Set Stage For Budapest Fall LONDON, Nov. Sovie Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky se the stage tonight for the fall o Budapest, straightening his line RESCUES AFTER THREE YEARS WITH ccond Lt. Joseph St. John (right) of Philadelphia, Pa., Army Air Fores bombardier who joined the Philippine guerrillas fter the of Bataan, is shown with Ensign Ewin J, Scalfic f Columhiavillc, Mich., Navy pilot who joined Lt. St. John Her his plane was shot down in the current Philippine cam- nign. The two were found by an American patrol on Lcytc nd brought through the lines to a base. (AP Tokyo Says Reds Won't Fight Jap By the Associated Tress Tokyo radio said today "It can lately be assumed" that Soviet Rus sia will not break her neutralit vith Japan in the immediate futur 'to play a belligerent part in th Pacific war." In a broadcast beamed to th States, a "special commen ary written by Dr. Kosaka Tomula doctor of law and authority on in c-rnational manifestec ontinued concern over Sovie larshal Joseph Stalin's character! ation of Japan last week as an aggressor nation." Tomula interpreted the refercnci s a. "light diplomatic gesture." He asserted Britain and America "suffering much from the ex- iremcly Independent character o the Soviet European tinr were "forcing themselves to be f m- ini with the Soviet union, simply because they have enemy to fight with Soviet nld." Thcreforr, the brondcnst snid, if Stalin's speech could be called more friendly to Britain and America than those ne made in previous years, that could be intcrprelrd ns Stalin's "Idea of alleviating the niilnr.nl resentment of the Anglo- American government ngalnst the Soviet union for Its diplomatic suc- cesses in Europe by Up service, and cnliing Japan an aggressor nation would be the cnslest service of the kind." Tomula snld Stalin, too, could have used the term "aggressor" In a sense that would have no "pro- found political Implication." The broadcast declared Stalin's characterization of Japnn ns an "aggressor" could be "more appro- priately tnkc-n as nn elegy condon- ing the watery funeral of a substan- tial port of the United States Navy in the fitting diplomatic courtesy." Genera! Killed LONDON, Nov. Ger- man transoccan news agency re- ported tonight that Lt. Gen. Gcorg jtosenbiKch, inspector of the land fortifications for Germany In the north, had been killed In action, Trueft Memorial Receives Single Donation SAN ANTONIO, Nov. 14 Announcement that the Roger Lacy. family of Longvicw is mak ing a contribution to- th George W. Truett memorial islration-library. building fund o Southewestern Theological Baptis Seminary at Fort Worth will b made Wednesday by Dr. G. Kearhi Keegan, director of the furid-rais ing campaign, at a luncheon meet ing of Southwestern alumni her for the Baptist convention of Tex as. This Is the largest single gif that has been pledged to date, Dr Keegan said. As the general convention open ed Tuesday evening, approximately delegates and their guests heard addresses by Dr. E. D. Head president of the Dr. J Walsh Watts, New Orleans, La. and Dr. C. E. Maddry, Richmond Dr. Head; speaking upon, Wanted: Narrow-minded Bap- tists, pointed out that narrow mindcdncss in the sense in which he used the term does not mean bigotry, "closed-mind- cdncss." It' means rather singlc- 'ness.of purpose... It: is the standard under which marching today, he said..In every 'sphere of human activity narrowness Is the order In scien- iflc formulae there must be nar.- in religion we need to be narrow. We are committed positivc- y to the U-utli. We must follow the book of authority with deference. There are certain things about always to be nar- Dr. Head declared Among these he named sin, with which there Is no compromise; sal- ration, the one way' to be saved; he church and Its ordinances; free- loin; and consecration. Dr. Walts, who spoke on Keep- ing Our Seminaries Evangelistic, presented strong argument for keeping alive the spirit of evangelism in a world full of crisis which have to be faced. Di'. Maddry, who is secretary of lie Baptist foreign mission board, upon. The Desire of the Nn- ions. Following his address, mls- ionaries present at the convention 'ere introduced. Among them wns Dr. B. J. cauthen, who only two lonths ago returned lo this coun- ry from China and who will deliver le closing address of the conven- ion, on The New China. Concluding meetings held In con- cction with the general convention the Texas State Baptist broth- erhood and the Woman's Missionary Union. In its closing session Tuesday aft- ernoon, the brotherhood heard ad- west from Monor nnd took Url and, dresses by Lon A. Smith, Austin; Pcterl, registering gains of to five miles. Farther east they took the big railway town of NngykntH, 27 miles east" of Budapest nnd 10 miles south j of Jnszbercny, nnd extended their lold closely on both sides of the attcr important center, with Hcve 17 miles northeast, the largest town taken. The German radio said the Rus- sians had dug In less than two miles from Jaszbcrcny and ac :nowledsed that they had made 'arious penetrations along the lini rom Monor northeast. The Gcr mans also intimated that a strong drive from Miskolc, a big railway unction, appeared to be develop ni? from the south. In eliminating the Germans' Dan- ube river bridgehead south of Buda- the Russians used three in- antry divisions, according to Ger- mnn accounts, which admitted that he position had been evacuatec fuvor of newly-prepared hold- ngs on the west bank. by advances northeast and south of the Hungarian capital and mov- ing his armor, artillery and infan- try into a strangling semicircle around the city. Most of the day's operations ol the Red Army on the sodden east- ern front were aimed at getting into position for a death Budapest. The Russian communi- que announced capture of more than 30 towns In a line extending for 45 miles east and northeast of Hitler's last satellite capital and liquidation of the enemy bridgehead on the east bank of the Danube with capture of Soil and Duna Egyhaza. 45 and 42 miles south, i Holding fast to their positions within easy medium artillery range of Budapest on the south, Valln- ovsky's men drove north and north- three' Brotherhood President E. S. Cum- mings, Abilene; Major C. O. Hltt, Randolph Field; and Dr. B. J. Cau- then. 28 PLANES SHOI DOWN, FLOATING DOCK BLASTED U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Nov. Third Fleet carrier planes sank or damaged 14 Japanese ships and one floating dock, shot down 28 planes and strafed 130 more in renewed raids on the Manila area Sunday. The enemy counter-attacked the carrier task group dam. aging one American ship, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz announced in a communique today. (Both Tokyo radio and th Japanese controlled Manl radio announced earlier tha 800 American planes struc Manila bay shipping, hitting the Cavite navy yard ant Clark airfield. Tokyo claimec one American battleship wa sunk by suicide pilots of Lu zon Nimitz summed up this dam age Inflicted by Hellcat lighter Avenger torpedo planes and Hell diver bombers: One light cruiser badly damagec Two destroyers exploded (poss: bly sunk, but the communique dl An estimated 11 cargo 'ships an oilers sunk or left ablaze. One floating dock torpedoed. Many docks in the Manila ba area and Cavite navy yard wer struck. There was no Indication whether any of these ships were previously damaged in the October naval action in the Philippines or by carrier strikes, or whether they were newly- arrived at Luzon an thus 'may -be added to the previous high toll of Japanese shipping. Ten Japanese planes were sho down wlille attacking the .Carrie group and 18 out of 20 which in ercepted the American raider were shot out of the air over Lu xm. An estimated 130 to 140 slngli and twin-engined planes strafed Legaspi, Manila and Clark fields on .uzon. Admiral Nimitz d.lsclosed tha Rear ;c, Sherman carrier! task -group nvolyod.. Marine Corsair'- planes sank mall enemy vessel In a bombing .nd strafing run on the northern .lalaus Saturday. Hellcats and Lib rators bombed Koror, Malakal and islets in the Palau roup. Jixfh War Loan >RO Is Appointed DALLAS, Nov. 14 W) Buck !ood, Tcxns newspaperman who Is [rector of public relations for the sth war loan in this state, has cm appointed a member of the cwspapcr editorial advisory com- ilttee of the U. S. war nance division, Nathan Adams, iriirman of the war finance com- Jttce of Texas, has been informed. Hood will serve as southwestern ipresentativc on the committee, is appointment was madn by Frank ripp, of New, York, chairman of 10 through the U. S. casury. Honorably discharged from the arinc corps last June, Hood now on leave from his position as anaging editor of the Austin merican-Statcsman to direct pub- c relations in the new ar bond drive 'n Texas. A native ol Parker county, Hood ork'.-d on the Fort Worth Star- and (he Laredo Times be- rc he went with the Austin news- pcrs. Roosevelt Probes infire Labor Setup WASHINGTON, Nov. 14 'resident Roosevelt disclosed today e Is looking Into the whole labor ct-iip In his administration while ondcrlng the pleas of three War abor members that they be re- eved. The president told his news con- ference he could not tell when there would be any action on the requests by Chairman William If. Davis, vice- chairman George W. Taylor, and Dr. Frank P. Graham, that they be per- mitted to qiill, the They have served since it was started in Jan- uary, 1942. Set To Annihilate Leyfe Force GENERAL MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Philip- pines, Wednesday, Nov. (AP) enveloping' movements by veteran Amer- icans of the 24th infantry and dismounted first cavalry divi- sions have fashioned a new trap which threatened today to annihilate the Japanese forces on the north end of Leyte island's bloody Ormoo corridor. The 24th infantrymen drove a spearhead through the rugged mountain country southwest of Pinamapoan to threaten the Yama. shita line below Limon, Gen. DoOg- las MacArthur reported today. The strategy was well executed. While units of the 24th fighting along the Ormoc road maintained pressure to contain the Japanese, other elements of the division swung through the mountains to ,he southwest and cut back toward the Ormoo rood. Al the same tune, the first cav- alry swung toward road from This: -Gpbanese in position .of having to .retire oi1 face, possible annihilation. MacArthiir estimated the Japanese force thus threaten- ed as "a reinforced regiment." This would give no cxar-.t indi- cation of the size. On the southern end of tha western Lcfie battlefield, small scale Japanese attempts to bring reinforcements were re- pulsed by troops of the Amer- ican seventh division which caught the enemy moving for- ward In small barges toward Uainulaan, 14 miles south of Ormoc. This was the first mention In lore than a week of the seventh ivislon driving toward Ormoc, nly remaining reinforcement port or the enemy, from the south. Meanwhile fighting was heavy long the bitterly-contested road'" rtilch runs from Ormoc to Carl- ara bay, sole land supply line for he Japanese along the Ormoc cor- idor. Units of the American first cav- Iry arc closing in on the Ormoo oad from hill 1525 nnd Mt. Cata- aran, the communique said, with ic effective support of artillery. Heavy enemy casualties were re- ortcd In that sector. Numerous un positions were destroyed. MacArthur reported ineffectivs nemy harassing raids on shipping nd shore installations and said i enemy aircraft were shot down f fighters and nckack. Gen. Tokoyulii Yamashlt a urged his veterans of the first and 26th Japanese divisions to desperate efforts today to wrest the initiative from American liberation forces battling: for- ward slowly but surely in the Ormoc corridor of Lcyte is- land. The battle was a grim one. Much was at stake for Yamashita was entrusted with the task of oppos- ing General MacArthur in the first phase of the Philippine campaign. Japan's hero of the Malayan campaign and Singapore has com- mitted elements of five divisions to the task of gaining the offen- sive. Their total numbers, however, are less than the fcur American divisions hemming them in within (lie narrow confines of the corri- dor. FIRSH ARMY NURSES AT WORK ON Jean [larder (left) of Salmon, Idaho, and Lt. Nora Homclvig of Amidon, N. D., members of the first Army mirso unit to arrive in the Philippines, bandage a casualty on Lcyle island. They arc at work in a hospital set up in a cathedral. (AP The Weather U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER miltEAL' Atill.KNK AND hlih Ibln HOII.IJ and Ihnrs- nlchl. EAST TEXAS: Fair In Interior, part- ly cloudy ntar tlic crust Wedliesdayl Thursday fair; cooler Wednesday. WEST TEXAS: fair and Thursday; Wednesday. TEMPERATURES Tues. Mon. Tufts. Mon. A.M. HOUR I.. P.M. :n Vi llxh And 71 1) and low and and low SI. Snnnel Sunrise this Suniet tonic tcmprralurts to D p, same dalf tail jcari morning:
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