Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - November 14, 1944, Abilene, Texas t MORNING "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT IfOL. LXIV, NO. 14S A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 14, 1944 PAGES Associated Press (AP) Vnltet Prea PRICE FIVE CENTS Third Takes Th ree z BRITISH SINK TIRPITZ '6-Ton Bombs Its Li LONDON, Nov. German f'tleship Tirpitz, last "unsinkable" giant.in Adolf Hitler's itive navy, capsized and sank- yesterday morning in the Norwegian waters of Tromso Fjord-'when hit squarely by three six-ton earthquake bombs dropped by RAF Lancaster's, the British announced Attacking out of the Arctic mists-it took .'the. British few minutes-to finish off this. great potential.killer sfrhich never had engaged in a single surface battle, and which the''Germans were five years .in building at-a-cost of The cost to the British wa: tfie bomber, out of an attack Ipi'g force of 29, an air mmistrj communique said. Three bombs landed on the deck of the Tirpitz, which. blew up in- side, keeled.over, and sank slowly Aiding a three-year chase by the .British arid Russians.. The Lancasttrs struck a picture of .the Tirpiti is found on Page Nine. m. from a height of feet, and minutes later the ship burst into blames and turned over. Reconnais- sance showed the ship had capsiz- ed with 100 feet of her keel stick- ing out of the1 water. Around the wreck'was a. great .oil. pool: sister-ship _of the ill-fated Bismarck went to her. grave just a few days after reports from neu- tral countries had speculated on an imminent invasion of Norway by the Allies. The Tirpitz. already, crippled pj, Hirevious air and, midget submarine Assaults; -had Arctic supply lines to Russia, and a potential menace to" any .landing in Norway. She had-kept some units of the British home fleet, watching her foves for a long time. Obviously these vessels were freed by the sinking and pos- siblv would be available for the battle in the Far East much earlier than If the Tirpiti'hart remained afloat. The German fnarj-, already a skeleton, now has its backbone snapped. The successful mission of the big combers, carrying the new stream- lined armor-piercing earthquake bombs, was led by wing Commander J. B. Talt and squad- fon Leader A. G. Williams, taking from Britain on the historic flight the planes "landed away from presumably in Russia. Roaring in before the Germans could -throw up their usual protec- ive smoke screen, the Lancosters viught the battlewagon in an ex- jlosive vice and the thre direct hits were registered in quick succes- "Her guns had been firing like blazes when we first said an Australian pilot, flight U. B. A. Buckham of Sydney. "The guns stopped after the first bomb. Not a shot came -up after that. Smoke began to pour up. It spiralled first in a column. Then It spread out over the ship in the shape of a mush- room. The Russians began the chase of the doomed ship by bombing her in Danzig harbor in November, 1941, and one of the most daring thrusts jfgainst her was by a unit of British Anidget submarines in September Tast year. They penetrated 50 miles of inine fields off Norway's North Jape, maneuvered Inside the Tir- pitz's submarine nets, and planted Jorpe'does in her side. The chronology of attacks on the sffirpitz: Nov. 1941, by Russian alrforce in Danzig harbor. Feb. 1, 1942, by the fleet air arm near Narvik. ft July 8, 1942, by Russian subma- rones 'in the Barents sea. Sept. 22, 1943, by British midget submarines at Kaarfjord In north- ern Norway. April 3, 1944, by the fleet air arm at Altenfjord. ft Aug. 23-29, 1944, by the fleet air at Altenfjord. Sept. 15, 1944, by Lancaster at Altenfjord. Oct. 29, 1944, by Lancasters at See TIKPITZ, 12, Column Six i ormer Clyde Boy Killed in Action CLYDE, Nov. 13. Joe John Jaquess, 22, son of Mr. and Mrs. N. C Jaqiiere of Clyde who are now in Gatesvllle, was killed in action with the Marines In the Pacific Oct. 11. fjaquess was horn in Callahan unty and attended school In Mld- y find Eula. Survivors include ills parents; two brothers In service, Charles, a gun- ner on a heavy bomber stationed In Ilnly. ami Jack Brice, now in iffiphcn; an uncle. Joes Griffin, and "f.i aunt, Mrs. Jaclt Btaman, both oi CU'de, Agreement Made On French Rule Of Saar.Valley "PARIS, Nov. 13 Agree- ments for the demilitarization of the Saar with France in control of the mines as was done, after the last World War full participa- tion by France in the postwar de- velopment of Europe, and the speedy rearment of :the French arm, were reached during- the week- end conferences between Prime Min- ister. Churchill and Gen.. Charles de reliably reported tonight. German radio reports of an Arm- istice Day attempt to assassinate Churchill.--'and; de- '.they were' riding'1 along'the iCuairtpS'-EJy- sees were .to make .tile German home front in Paris was worse than life in-Ber- lin. Although almost per- sons turned out over the week-end and cheered the two leaders, only one isolated case of violence was re- ported. (British Foreign Secretary Anth- ony Eden, .who accompanied Chur- chill to Paris for the conferences with the French government lead- ers, has returned to London, it was announced officially Monday night. Tlie announcement. made no men- tion of the Prime Minister.) In connection with the. occupa- tion of the Reich, French officials were said to have urged speedy re- armament of the republic's troops because, according to unofficial re- ports, they, believed "that an army of occupation cannot be raised at the last moment and it must have shown its moral and technical sup- eriority on the field of battle" be- fore attempting to ocupy a defeat- ed nation. It was generally believed that as ;oon as equipment was available the de Gaulle government would is- sue new calls for military service. Escapee Captured NEW ORLEANS, Nov. Robert C. Kaslow, former Army air corps officer, who'escaped from the Craig Field, Ala., guard house Fri- day 'night and fled in an Army plane, was apprehended here to- night by agents of the Federal Bu- reau of Investigation. The assistant special agent in charge of the New Orleans FBI of- fice, Zack J. Vanlandingham, called a news conference al p. m. to announce that Kaelow, 21, who was serving a 30-year sentence at the Alabama field for violations of the articles of war. was taken in cus- tody at 5 p. m. in the cocktail lounge of a New Orleans hotel. ANOTHER JAP MERCHANT SHIP HIT BY YANK bomb hit on, star- board bow'of this Japanese'freighter4ransport puts the finish to another one Emperor Hirohito's supply ships, according to the U. S. Navy's caption. This freighter, later, ran aground off Romblon island, Sibuyan the Philippines. (AP ASSOCIATED PRESS te 'island's" battlefronf.. .today punched through increasingly strong .Japanese resistance, pene- trated the enemy's potential centra assembly areas and upset Nippon preparations for counter-attacks. Gen. MacArthur said in his Tuesday communique that -the Yanks, battling through jungles and swamps and across mountain ridges, compelled the Japanese "to premature and piecemeal ments of'his forces for the defense of' trie main- bastion of the Yama- shita line." In the Ormoc corridor first divi- sion cavalrymen consolidated 'and extended their mountain positions while the 24th division, meeting stiff resistance, advanced slowly Jong the Ormoc road. On the .rcstem Leytc valley forward ele- ments of the 96th division broke or- ganized 'resistance and were driving the Japanese westward into the The general disclosed that the Japanese have thrown five divi- sions into the 'fisht for Lcytc. Loss of Ihe island would endan- ger their position in the whole of the Philippines. Supporting the doughboys. Amer- ican long range artillery hammer- ed tha entire Ormoc corridor while fighter pilots bombed and strafed bivouac sectors near Valencia, road- EidR. town some 20 miles smith of Carigara bay. Nine Japanese planes were shot down during moderate but persist- ent harassing attack.-, on American shipping in Leyte gulf and ground installations. A force of 200 Japanese Invaded the tiny islet of Ngcrcgong, eight miles northeast of American-held Peleliu in the Palau inlands, and the small U. S. Marine patrol there was evacuated without losing a man, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz an- nounced last night. The purpose of the enemy move was vague, but likely was .1RST SNOW FALLS ON YANKS IN American soldier walks through a snow-covered Irench In a captured section of the Siegfried line after the first snowfall on an area of Germany occupied by the Allies, (AP Wirt- from Signal Corps Tlfor, ould Peleliu-i'aiid other" American 'positions from Ngercgonj, but they..would" have difficulty bringing in artillery. The invaders, equipped with knee morters and machineguhs, probably came in small boats from nil Malk island two miles to the north. In. 'China, the only point of Jap- anese success in 'the far-flung Pa- cific-Asia'tic war theater, the invad- ers forced abandonment of the last major American Liuchow in the southeast. .Meanwhile Radio- Tokyo (old of another Yank Superfortress reconnaissance flight over Hon- shu island, heart, of the Japan- ese homeland. Japan said the. lone B-29 on the mission flew over Ise bay and the Najroya In- dustrial center for half an hour. also reported, without American confirmation, that U. S. airmen blasled Manila. It made no mention of military targets bul said churches and homes were hit. In southeastern China the Jap- anese appeared close to success in one of their main objectives to i drive American air base was; at denier of 'Kwangsl province. .Chinese high command'indicated fall of. the city when it acknowledged that only localized street fighting .was going on there. The Japanese claimed rapture of Liuchow and Kweilin last week. In a dispatch from Kunming, Clyde A. Fsrnsworth, Associated Press war told of. the loss of the Liuchow air base' and added "southeastern China, 'for a long time'to come, if not forever, thus has been eliminated as. a pos- sible zone of an inland offensive against the Japanese armies." Western Front Needs Bullets WASHINGTON, Nov.- Uhde-Secretary of War PaUerson declared today that Gen. Dwlght D. power out of j Elsenhower "has an imperative the region. It was disclosed that [need for much more artillery am- the last of four major air bases had been abandoned after runways and YOUR ATTENTION munition than we are producing." told a news conference that troops oh the western front are fir- ing 35 days planned supply of heavy artillery ammunition, in 10 days and there are no reserves in 'this country. That Implied .a tre- mendous drain on ammunition stockpiles in Europe. All such material produced here nine. There's difficulty gelling new regents for Ihe University of Texas, Page nine. Gocbbcis says Hiiler Is well, Page five. Members of WLB want to Hall, Page (wo. On inside pages will he found other good stories, Third Army battles mud, Page' is. belrig'shlpped "overseas'Tmmedl- atcly. Although our production of artil- lery ammunition has tripled slnre the beginning 'of this year, the needs of our armed forces have gone up even Patterson said. "The amount of ammunition which has been used in yie cam- paigns of western Europe, especial- ly in the major offensives, has been staggering. "General ELsehower has cabled that the present needs for one month for the troops in northwest- ern Europe alone approximate rounds of artillery and rounds of mortar ammuni- tion. The First Army alone used T-Sst. William T.Hamor Jr., 300.000 rounds of 105 son of the Rev. and Mrs. W. T. howitzer ammunition In Sgf.W.T. Hamor Listed Missing Hamor Sr. of 1758 Ambler, Is miss- Ing in air action over Germany, his parents have been Informed by the War department. In England since the early part of last August, Sergeant Hamor has been awarded the Air Medal and Osk Leaf, cluster and hns received a personal citation for his work as radio operator-gunner on a Flying Fortress. The sergeant was born In De Leon Oct. 25, 1924, and lived for 15 .years In Winters where his lather was pastor of the First Baptist church, ffe finished Wlntere high school and had completed two years of pre- medical work at Hardm-Simmons before entering service May 6, 1943. He received his radio training at Scott field. III., and his gunner's wings at Yuma, Ariz. The serge-ant's parents have re- cently movrrt to Abilene from Win- ders. His father is pastor of the First Bnptl.st church al fitilh mid an employe of Minter Dry Goods company. Two sisters here are Mrs. Glenn Foulgcr and Myra Nell Ha- mor. a of Aachen." The Weather U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WLATIIF.R nURHAU AniLENR AND VICINITV; cloudy and cooler Turndiy Wtdnei- <Uv. EAST TEXAS: Partly cloudy' dny; cntiler In northwest portion. nr.idky rlnudy, renltr northwest and rxtrrmf H-rit WEST TEXAS: lair and conlfr TUM- Reds Close lighter Arc On Budapest LONDON, Nov. Rodion Y. Malion- vsky's second Ukranian army closed its. steel arc tighter around the' southeastern ap- proaches' to Budapest today, capturing the railway town of Jaszapati and, according to a German announcement, breaking into the important communications center of Jaszbereny. The day's advance, In which al least-10 towns were seized, carried 13 miles northward and brought Malinovsky's southern and eastern columns within 20 miles of a '-unc- tion. German commentators, asserting the fighting on the Hungarian capi- tal's flank had reached, new fury, said the Russians were attempting ts encircle Budapest, with Red army troops In' Czechoslovakia likely to join Malinocsky's forces in a vast maneuver. Mranwhllr, Marshal Tito an- nounced In a communique that- his Yugoslav Partisan forces had broken into Skoplje on the railway escape route for Ger- man forces fleeing from Greece toward the homeland, The bulletin said (he outer defenses' of the city had been overcome anil the Yugoslavs, capturing a bridge across the Varda river, broke. Into the heart of. the city where heavy fighting was in progr'es. The official broadcast German communique said Soviet troops had penetrated into Jaszbereny, 28 miles southwest of Fuzesabony, a junction of the Budapest-Miskolc but claimed 'the attackers jiad-ocert thrown 'back. not mention" Jaszber- eny In its broadcast communique, but announced the capture of the surburb of- Jasztelek, five. miles southeast. It was probable, there- fore, that forward units already were battling inside Jaszbereny, a city., of more than popula- from which highways and railways radiate in several direc- tions.' The objective of both the southern and eastern wings of Malinovsky's army appeared to be Hatvan, a big rail center 14 miles northeast, of Jaszbereny and 27 miles northeast of Budapest and 34 miles from Czechoslovakia. Jaszapati, highest nf the prims won today by the Russians, Is 11 miles due cast of Jaszbereny and 45 miles cast of Budapest. Among the other places cap- tured were .laszklser, five miles southeast, and five small- towns spread along a. 20 mile front north of Ccglcd. A German broadcaster, Col. Ernst Van Hammer, said the Russians were fighting in miles southeast of Budapest, but. Moscow made no mention of this. He nl.so said Soviet forces held a bridge- head on the Danube at Dunahar- aszti, opposite Csepel island, five miles south of the capital. Freed on Bond MONAHANS, Nov. Jim Mundcrburg, cafe operator, was re- leased on bond today nftcr Japs Ask Silver lo Replace Loss Nazis Falling Back to City LONDON, Tuesday, Nov. Three of Metz's 22 of them a keystone in the southern defenses of the with astonishing speed yesterday to U. S. Third Army troops who 'stormed through snow and bitter cold all along a 40-mile front.. The Germans ceded without a struggle the subterranean Fort L'Aisne, one of nine main forts guarding the city five miles to the south, and two nearby smaller fortifications, indicating they were falling back into the city's inner defenses. Meanwhile, the wheeling movement southeast of Metz pressed on up to four miles to within 15- miles of the .Saar border, heightening the peril of encirclement to the city. Fort L'Aisne is a series of under- ground fortresses similar to Fort Driaht, southwest of Melz across the Moselle river, which the Third Army tried.in vain .to capture. Pressing their head-on attack against Mciz, the doughboys cap- tured the. village of Corny, only 4 1-2-miles southwest of Metz on the east bank of the Moselle across from Fort Drianb.. The first indication that Field Marshal Gen. Karl Rudolf Qeri Von mmdstedt may not try to Metz.came in a broadcast early to- day from the German commander's headquarters in the west Melz Is.beinj fan- allcally the broad- cast, said, "but Metz has fulfilled Us task already during tho months of September and Octo- ber when II slopped the ad- vance of the Third army and thus enabled the Germans io deepen their front zone forti- fications." Sanguinary fighting was in-pro- gress at a newly-won bridgehead across the Moselle river 12 miles north of Metz near Uckange, which potentially raises' the enclrciini peril for Metz, Four miles farther north a fort east of Thlonvilie was'seized by ot.icr forces who had-, daringly cross' ed the Moselle two days ago They were close to a junction with veterans of the 90th division wso drove the original bridgehead across the stream at Koenigsmacher, arid now were methodically reinforcing It within four miles of the German frontier. Tlie Koenigsmacher forces three miles south into the tow'a of Valmestroff, three miles east at Thlonvlllc. Stubborn resistance was holding back Third Army forces 4 1-2 miles north of Metz In the Malzlercs-Lcs- Mctz nrea on the west bank of tha By Trie Associated Press Japan launched a nationwide drive last night for collection of sil- ver to be used in airplane motors with the official statement that heavy air Bosses were sustained in the '.'victories" off-Formosa and the Philippines. Shlgenobu Matsukuma, vice min- ister of finance, said In announcing the drive that'the mcial was needed to "replace our aircraft losses" and to .'tproduce many, many more su- perior planes ill preparation for the ensuing enemy attacks." His broad- cast was recorded by the Federal Communications commission. The finance officials declared "aircraft losses were hidden" behind the "brilliant successes" in recent naval-air engagements. He said sil- ver would be used In propeller mountings because the copper and lead alloy formerly used was "un- satisfactory." ..Soliciting everything Mom silver coins' to helrlpoms, MrfUukuma-said: "Even enemy "America, who boasts of material wealth, is carrying out collection movements for metals and other essential war materials. (Japan nlco is In the midst of a drive for platinum and diamonds. The government in 1939 first began to pressure Its. people lor the sale of silve'r.T. Rites for Mueller Infant Set Today Grnveslde services for Betty .iiin Mueller, who died a few hours af- ter her birth on Saturday in a lo- cal hospital, will be held Tuesday at 11 n. m. at Babylnnd in the City cemetery. The Elliott funeral home is in chnrgc of Surviving are the parents, Capt. and Mrs. Henry C. Mueller. Cnmp Barkclcy, a twin sister, Barbara Jean; maternal grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Albert Joneschlct, Ely, Oregon; and the paternal granri- inther, Gustav Mueller, Draper, S. Dak. Building Approved HOUSTON, Nov. Plans for the new building to be erected at the Texas medical center for Baylor university college of medi- cine were approved today by the school's board of trustees. plans arc further subject to the np- Mosellc. (The Brazzaville radio quot- ed Oerman sources as saying the Allies had.Jaunched an of- fensive against the Ions-be- sieged German U-iase at St. Nazalrc, In Brittany, ant! had broken through the ouler de- fenses. CBS short wave iistcn- ers rejiorled.) Uncertain footing of Lorraine's muddy battlefields, as much as Ger- man resistance, slowerl the "Third Army forces cutting around Metz from tlie southeast on the sixth day of Lt. Gen. George S. Pat- ton's winter offensive, supreme headquarters declared. Meanwhile, the outflanking peril murdcr marges were filed against provnl of the M. C. Anderson foiin- him in connection with the fatal I tlation insofar as the style of ar- shooting of O. P. Love, Monahansj chitecture nnU location are con- oil field worker, yesterday. cerned. FRONT WITH MAULDIN MMer In r-.nh. MON.-81IN. AM (18 fit it-7? tail In S M. Illth mid Inn- 9 xnd 4ft. Riinxi-t 111! night: Snnrlip. Ihli mninlnf: Suniel looKM: nud v Una UIni. In I) p. m. date lail year: doa'l git combat pay 'cause don't fljht." Moselle 12 miles of the Ger- man border. Tlie new bridgehead across the Moselle most formidable of all the water barriers guarding was thrown across near Uckange, four miles south of Thionville, and was steadily being reinforced. Although the jsap between the forces north of Melz and those seven miles to the soulheast had been squrezcd to 13 miles and was wllhin reuse of American arlillcry, al leasl two railroads and numerous highways funnel Inlo Melz over which the earri- son can be supplied from Ger- many. The Americans were about 4 1-2 miles north of Metz at the point of closest approach, and on the south were fighting into the outskirts of Coiri-sur-Seille, five miles from Metz. Resistance in this quarter was strong. The U. S. Seventh Army on Pat- ton's right flank fought to within a mile of St. Die, sentinel city at the entrance to one of the passes through the Vosgcs mountains to the Rhine. Its forces captured tha villages of La Bolle and Les Mol- tresse's, just to the west. Ten miles southwest of St. Dla the seventh also overran the vil- lage of La Cha'pcllc. Reports from the Holland b.it- tlcfront said artillery duels were rising In tempo and patrol action was vigorous on both sides along the Mans river, but there Wf.re no changes on the mud-bogged front. Ickes Escapes NEW BRUNSWICK, N: ;T., Nov. 13 Ihe Interior Harold L. tcfccs was among several hundred passengers who narrowly escaped serious Injury today when derailment of a car truck brought their trsln lo a halt on the Penn- sylvania railroad Rarltan river bridge.