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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - November 9, 1944, Abilene, Texas MORNING LXIV NO. 143 A TEXAS SmU, NEWSPAPER 'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO'FRIENDS OR FOES EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 9, 1944 PAGES ated Press (AD Vnited Press (Vf.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Hurricane Fails to Halt Leyte Battles Democratic Congress Elected EDR Receives Added Power fo Guide War By flic Associated Press of a massive vote boosted Democratic strength in Congress today and gave the White House added power to combat tricky yUbblems of war and peace. And, as the popular vote from Tuesday's election, roll-1 ed toward the mark, President Roosevelt' declared j tte balloting- had shown the world that "Democracy is a living, vital foico." Thomas E. Dewey, obviously re- lieved that the political scrap was over for 1944, attributed his defeat eaiirely to the war. But he had held trB president to the narrowest mar- ELECTION Al A GLANCE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Presidential: Roosevelt ahead in 35 stales with 413 electoral volest Dewey in 13 with 118. Popular vote: of voting 274; Dcwey Total vote Senate: Democrats elected 19, including Barkley, Downey, Wag- ner, Tydinjs, McMahon, Jiaytfcn, Tiio.-.-.as Thomas and Lucas, outside the solid south. John Moses, Democrat, beat Nyc, Republican, in North Dakota. Republicans elected 10, two in Oregon anil one each in Kansas, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, South Da- kota, Vermont, Iowa, Wisconsin and Colorado. Six seats unde- cided. Republican William E. Jeriner won In Indiana for term ending Jan. 3; not to serve in new Congress. House: Democrats, elected 237 (218 is and took 29 seals from Republicans. Republicans elected 175 including 6 seats held by Democrats and 2 by minor parties. Minor parties elected 2. Undecided seats, 21. Governors: Democrats elected 14 (Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Idaho, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Khode Island, Tennessee, Te.vas, Washington, West leading in Utah. Republicans elected 17 (Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, In- diana, Kansas, Sept. 11, Nebraska, Illinois, Michigan, Min- nesota, South Dakota, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Colo- rado, Wisconsin, ELECTORAL V01E Associated Press returns last night showed Roosevelt leading to states having a total of 413 electoral votes, as follows gin of popular votes since the Wil-I Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Connecticut Delaware eon-Hughes race of 1916. Florida. Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana. Maryland, Massa- Late last night the bal- lots tabulated were divived this way: Roosevelt, Dewey The difference, pared with Jn the 1916 elec- tion. And, if it was any solace to.him, Dewey amassed 6 bigger vote in solid south than did Wendell L. four years ago. The southern states went Democratic, of course. Republican leaders in. Louisiana were so set up about the showing there that they even began discuss- ing the chances of establishing a rjfci-party political system in the state. The Republican presidential nom- inee, heading back to Albany from New York city, found one thing to be happy about defeat. He told.a news conference it was the "high (Wfldence the people expressed in the state government." And he was pleased, V J, about the manner in which his foreign policy views had obtained support within his own party. But the Roosevelt adminis- tration saw (he Democrats re- tain their majority in a Senate which will have to pass on any treaties that emerge from inter- national efforts to guarantee peace. And the party laid a 9eally possessive hand on thr. house for the first time in months. Furthermore, Democrats racked up A net gain of three governor- ships. They ousted Republicans In Massachusetts, Missouri, Tda- and Washington, hut lost to the GOP in Indiana and North Dako- a. The latest congressional tabula- tions showed the Democrats had raised their house total from 214. f0t the 218 needed for a numerical majority, on up to 237. They count- ed up 55 Senate more than a majority. Six Senate and 21 House races still were in uouDt, but trends Minted to an even firmer Demo- cwitic grasp on the national legis- lature. For hours, the state and elector- al vote Scoreboard remained un- changed last night. It showed Roosevelt ahead in 35 states with Hardin' new president, of WTCC, left, 17nl1- ..__! ______ f-n Revenge Sweet For 36th Vets Of Italo Drive WASHINGTON, Nov. Compared with winter fighting In Italy, three battle-blooded Seventh Army infantry divisions had a "pic- nic" during the Invasion of southern France as they chased fleeing Nazis back to Germany for a distance of 300 miles in 40 days, an Army ground forces observer recently re- turned from Europe said in'an in- terview released today. It was fitting revenge for the 36th infantry division, which the Ger- mans blocked at the Hapido river n Italy last Jan. 28, when the same division trapped the Nineteenth German Army on the Rhone river road between Mnnteliniar and Lori- ol last Aug. 26-2D. "It was the bloodiest mess you ever said the observer, Lt. Col. John M. Brett, of San Antonio, Tex- as. Stationed at Array ground forces headquarters in Washington, he served 12 weeks with the Seventh Army's operatlcns division before and during the invasion. He left the Army at the gates of Belfort gap to Germany in the Vosges mountains foothills. "I was in an artillery observa- tion post overlooking the stretch of road north of he went on. There were three columns of German vehicles abreast. They were jammed so ihey couldn't move as the artil- lery shells fell among them. "A few got away by crossing the Rhone to the west bank. In all about vehicles filled with men were wiped out." The 36th swept across southern Many Hereford Breeders Dine Cattlemen from a wide area gath- ered at- the Counter club last night for a West Texas Hereford associa- tion sponsored banquet. Approxi- mately 125 persons were in attend- ance. Hardy Gissom, association presi- dent, presided for the session. He introduced as directors, D. H. Jef- feries of Abilene, Leo Atkinson of Throckmorlon. E. A. Sheppard of Brown of Merkel, Paul Turner of Sylvester, Joe Steele of Anson, Henry James of Abilene, Roy Lai-gent of Merkel. vice-president- and Mrs. Rupert Harkrider of Abi- lene, secretary-treasurer. 1 Col. Geo. Neilson, commander of Camp Barkeley, was Introduced ns a visitor. The program was provid- ed by entertainers from Camp Barkeley. As has been the practice' for a number of yenrs. the banquet was held just prior to the annual fall auction sale of the WTHA, which will be held today at the West Texas fair grounds. head will go" under the auctioneer's hammer in the fifth fail sale. There were visitors present from Sweetwater, Merkel, Anson. Albany, Coleman, Throckmorton, Goodiett, Stamford, Sylvester, and a number of other towns of this sector. Falls, past-president. (Reporter-News P05IWAR FRONTIERS FACE Pastors Called Io Evangelism At Conference Jap's Strong Position Hit By the Associated Press 'V Vicious fighting between American and Japanese forces on' Leyte island in the central Philippines raged 'today in the hills flanking the Ormoc road despite a tropical hurricane that lashed battle areas. The Yank doughboys were hitting the Japanese in their strong ridge positions while long range artillery hammered Ine Nipponese without letup along the Ormoc corridor an'd to the rear. Guerrilla forces in ihe mountains were harassing j 7 the Japanese. Third Army More Overruns 12 More Towns TEXANS, CONNALLY SAYS Frontiers for. pioneering .in many fields await the Ameri- can people, and especially those of Texas and the southwest, after victory has been gained and peace assured, Sen. Tom Connally declared in an address yesterday before directors of the West Texas chamber of. commerce- representing 145 towns in 132 counties, at the 127th annual convention. "Many people seem to.thirtk. FFI Eliminates German General Merkel Navy Man [filled in Action MERKEL. Nov. am Columbus Dowell, soundman second clnss In the Navy Reserve, been killed In action, his father, NTA. Dowell, was notified totlny by the Navy department. The young man was reared In Merkel and attended the local schools. Prior to entering service he was a driver for the Pacific Orey- Igpnd lines out of El PEJO. No woi-d Infa been received from him for three months. He Is survived by his father; his wife, Mrs. Barbara Dowell, Phoenix, Ariz.; and brothers, Cpl. Nor- vcll Dowell, at the Santa Rose, Oftlf., Army Air base, and A. W. petty officer second class. France to cut off the German Nine- teenth Army, which was running home as fast as its vehicles could go, the colonel stated. The division's infantrymen set up road blocks near Loriol and stopped the head of the fleeing German columns. That was the trap that more than balanced the books of the 36th for the Rapido incident eight before In Italy, when the attacking doughboys of the division were caught between enemy barbed wire and mine fields ahead and the Ra- pido at their rear. The Weather PARIS. Nov. German General Von Brodowsky, command- er of troops who laid waste Ihe en- tire town of Oradour In Central France, was killed by a member of the PFI while trying to escape prison at Besancon, the newspaper Franctireur reported tuday. In reprisal .of Maquis activity in the vicinity. Brodowsky's men shot or burned to death all inhabitants of Oradour and destroyed the vil- lage. After tiie incident the Germans were said to hr.ve acknowledged they made a mistake and that the destruction was intended for an- other village of the same name far- ther north. Closed Shop Ban WASHINGTON, Nov. state proposal to ban closed unlor shops apparently had won approval in Florida in Tuesday's election. A similar measure was ahead in Ar- kansas but voters in California re- jected such a plan. The amendments in all three states provided that no be re- fused employment because he is or Is not affiliated with a labor organi- zation. In another of several public ques- tions submitted by referendum In state elections. Nebraska overwhel- mingly defeated a proposal to Im- pose statewide prohibition. Arkansas voters beat a proposal to repeal a 1935 law legalizing horse and dog racing. Illinois rejected a m e n d m ents which would permit sheriffs and county treasurers to succeed them- selves. Arizona, Oregon and California voters apparently defeated a propos- al to pay monthly pensions to citizens over GO through a three-to- five per ceiit sales tax. Washington state voters defeated two social security proposals, one the so-called Townsend plan for pensions. They atso re- jected 'a proposal to permit public utility district.'; to combine to quire private utility systems. Alabama voted to exempt World War H veterans- from payment of state poll taxes. .are gone in the physical sense-that this country is headed for a retarded economy and lessen- ed said the senate foreign relations com- mittee chairman. "The same courage and daring that en- abled the early pioneers of this still young country, so rich in resources, to establish the beginnings of a great com- rnonwealth can be employed in the years after the world confljcl." Congratulating the West Texas or- ganization for its planning for fu- ,urc development of the region, Connally declared that congress Is giving serinus study to reconversion of industry and revision of the tax system. "All must be subordinated to winning a final triumph in this world cnnilict.'Yhe declared, "but ve should not wail until victory Is von to plan and work toward es- ablishmrnt of the instrumentalities o preserve world peace." Pointing out that many of the war agencies "which we dis- like" but which are necessary See CO.VKAI.LT, Pg. 3, Col. 8 SWEKTWATER, Nov. A Call to Evangelism was given by Dr. Allen W. Moore, pastor of the First Methodist church In Dallas In the .opening address prthe 35th An- html Methodist num..'. Dr.'1 Moore declared that the church must become again concern- id over lost souls, with regard to the child, youth and adults. Another Dewey WASHINGTON, Nov. election tide was really against the Deweys.. In Illinois, Republican Rep. Charles S. Dewey was defeated In bid for re-election by Alexander J. Rcsa, a Chicago Democrat. Dewey had served two terms in the House, was assistant treasury secretary under President Coolldge. ndiana Governor Loses Senate Race INDIANAPOLIS, Noy. 8 W) Gov. Henry F. Schrlcker, the only Democrat to win state office when Wendell L. Willkle carried Indiana four years ago, conceded late today defeat in his race for the United States Srnate. Schricknr. nominated for the six- year term beginning In January to replace Sen. Snmunj D. Jackson, lost Lo Homer E. Capchart, Indianapolis Industriniiit and Washington (Ind.) farm operator who sponsored a Re- publican 'cornfield" conference at ils farm In 1938. In the message, and power of the Holy Spirit." Bishop C. C. Selccman. presiding for the first time over the confer- ence, appealed to church to return (o early evangelistic fcvor of Meth- odism. In the first business meeting of the conference, Dr. Cal C, Wright, Abilene district superintendent for the past 16 years, resigned. The Rev. M. B. Norwood of Shamrock was elected to fill Dr Wright's position. Howard Crawford of Chillicothe and D. D. Denison of Merkel were elected to assist with the Rev. Edgar Irvine of Fri- ona to act as statistical secretary. The meeting was to continue at B a. m. Thursday, with memorial service slated for 12 noon Saturday Ordination of ciders will be Satur- day afternoon. Dr. E. B. Hawke of SMU will speak By the Associated Press American Third Arm troops, opening a sharp a lack on a three-mile front be tween Metz and Nancy 1 France, have overrun a doze villages and advanced up t three miles through wea German defenses after cross ing the Seille river, it was an nounced last night. Elements of three of Lt. Gen George S. Patton's divisions partici pated In the assualt which the Oer mans Bald was aimed at the Baa river border of the Reich some 3 miles distant. A attack begun by the tj. 3. First Army seven days ago h Hurtgen forest southeast of Aachen ;n Germany halted after rnectin; fierce Nazi resistance. Most of th ground won In the first phases o the assualt was lost to enemy poun ierrflttacks, but the Germans suf fered severe casualties. Only one small pocket of Ger- mans remained south of the Maas river In Holland, and they were being squeezed out by American and Polish troops on the approaches to the wrecked bridges at Mocnlijk. Tightly escorted by a force of 850 -ROAD TO BERLIN By The Associated Western Front: 301 miles ('from west of Dureni. Russian Front: 304 miles (from Vistula north of Italian Front: 557 mllrs (from southeast of the hurricane grounded the planes, Ameri- can airmen bombed supply areas and shot down seven Japanese fighters. Meanwhile U. s Pacific fleet reported a Monday midnight Japanese aerial hit against and ln-the Marianas, ing wmcli American ack nek gunners shot down three .enemy planes and probably accounted for another. American planes raided Japanese beses in the Volcanos, Marianas, Pa- and wMt Marcus and Wake Islends. The Japanese, apparently serving notice of Intention to frglit furioUs- y for their hold in the Philippines, shook up their Army, Navy and Afr Force commands in that ar l ly commsnder-in-chlef they their hardest-driving, most Nippon's sadly depleted Phllu Ilppincs naval force drew as Iti commander Adm. Denshlchl Okochi. Two vice admirals were appointed to direct baflered naval air forces operating in and around the archipelago. A new army air forco chief was designated. b an -ol a. military philosophy that disregards "a Army's cflsunlr.w on lields of es on eds of attle. He holds to a theory that life American communiques told, of ic destruction of tea Nippon planes n Manila anil nearby areas Satur- ny and .Sunday. Since Gen. Douglas MacArthur'i Deration forces hit Leyte beachea st month the Nipponese haye lost 000 planes while 71 of their war-. lips have been sunk or damaged in lillppine operations. The Chinese- high command aimed its forces were putting up e promised last ditch stand at ratcgic Kwcllin, capital of Kwang- provlncc and center of the coun- ys southeastern defenses. The uiicse sold the Japanese attacked olently in Ihe suburbs en three dcs of the city but were repulsed grim fighting on the north. Chinese also claimed the rf Japanese drives In Hie Lojung sector and at two points along the Liu river. Bocks at Hongkong Kere 'ombed by Liberators of the S. 15th Army Air Force yes- nay, a communique from Gen. Alherl C. Wedemey- headquarters said. Wedemeyer. in his first interview slnce arrival In Chungking to suc- U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER A1HT.ENE AND VICINITY: Clear, hill with some afternoon cloudhim Thurs- day and Friday. EAST AND WEST Wed. Tuts. Nnl lemperAturrfl. TEMPERATURES Mlltb nd low temperatures to SIAR GOOBER PRODUCING MORE IN CASH IHAN LAND WOR1H PER ACRE m.: 70 and Illnh and lou- R.lme date litl HI and Sliniel !ait nllhl: Sunrise lhf< morning: Suilict tonlfhl: By HARRV HOLT Itcportcr-Ncws Staff Writer RISING STAR. Nov. once-lowly goober is King Bee down here! That "pore ole sanely land." val- ued anywhere from SIS to S50 per ncre, is returning growers to per acre In a golden harvest that long will be remembered by farmers, most of whom have waited a iifc-time for such a crop. The conservative estimate of Fred iloberds, vice-president of the First State bank, places the Income from peanuts In a. small territory sur- rounding Rising stnr at a coo! mil- lion dollars. Total take here, at Cross Plains and May likely will hit two million dollars. And, boy how the bell on that lackpot is ringing. Long denied the prosperity that farmers of other parts of the nation enjoyed, the peanut growers arc riding to glory this year on yields running as high as 75 bushels per acre and n price that ranges from to per bushel. Buyers for the Southwestern Pea- nut company In Abilene pnld nut one Saturday and that was not considered ft very good run as 200 tons were stored one" week day, More than half a million dollars already has been paid to growers; deposits at the First Stale bank high one day; one farmer drew a check for bushels of peanuts were piled on the ground ns all available warehouse space WBS taken. Those are some of the stories they tell here, and stories that will be re-told for the next decade. Not even a bumper South Plains cotton crop can it. There Is the story of one veteran farmer nnd his wife coming In for the check for their crop. They had been so busy at Ihc harvest they had not bad time to count the money. When they went, to their warehouseman and were paid they cried with pure joy. Alton Buchnnan, a promising young farmer here, was persuaded iy the First State bank to take its hands a 320-ncre farm at See KISING STAB, Pj, 17, Col, 1 winding themselves up for a great fighting planes, 350 American heavy bombers went deep into Germany and pounded a synthetic oil plant at Merscburg. RAF Lancasters hit an- other oil plant at Hombcrb in the Ruhr. Polisl troops "continue to make good progress" south of Forli near the eastern end of the Italian bat- tlefront, the Allied command an- nounced today, but Germans, still clung to shattered buildings on the Forh airfield. The Germans held on at the airfield, two mllrs southeast of Forli, in the fact of perslstant bombing by the desert air force and a sharp attack by medium bombers yesterday on German positions closer Io (he town Near Forli British troops re- mained in close contact under hr.tvy enemy shelling. With Improving weather Eighth I Oen. Joseph troops were Increasingly active all'scr'DCd the military situation in along the front. China ns unfavorable "but not ir- For the third slrnfglit dny thei and lie made it clear Russians reported there were no cs- 'hnl he would not Interfere in any .initial changes on the eastern front. In Chinese politics. The Germans said the Soviets were He disclosed that his command of American forces embraced French Inrio-China an well as China, with Genmlissmo Chiang Kai-shek as overall supreme Allied commander. Non-commltal of the Stilwell epi- sode, General Wedemeyer scored American criticism of the Chinese and Chinese criticism of the United spirited American troops, flushed wllh victory, arc bringing In Ihoiuands of hunjry, ragged, battle weary priioncrs." (News item.) States, as hindrances to the conduct lot the war. Sells Rationed On Western Front TORONTO, Nov. 8 -W- Lt. F. H. Hlggins, United Stales Army ordnance officer, said today that a shortage of heavy shells has neces- sitated rationing on tiie western front. AddrcfMng workers of the John T. Hepburn war plant, Hlggins said shells for the 240-mm. or eight-inch Sims those used to knock out the er fortifications of the Germans' west wall were rationed to a limited number a clay. "Sergeants In charge of the big inns' crews count off the shells, :all 'That's all for today', vhcn a limited number Iiavc been he said. "H Is very Im- wrtant that we supply General Eis- nhower's men with all the shells hey need. There's a big push In the ffing from one end of the west to (he other. The Allies stand good chance of ending this thing t.hat push. It's up to us to see lat they do." Attorney Dies PLAINVIEW, Nov. W. W. irk, 78, ploncev West Tcxas-Pan- nnclle lawyer, died tcdav. He was Admitted to the bar at bllenc. He had resided here for 40 cars,
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