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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - November 7, 1944, Abilene, Texas Abilene Reporter WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR'WORLD EXACTLY AS IT MORNING VOL. LXIV, NO. 141 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, NOV. 7, 1944 PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press FIVE CENTS Yanks Re-Gain Lost Vossenack By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS American infantry fought back last night into the German stronghold of Vossenack, 1? miles southeast of Aacfien, from which they had been driven by enemy counter-attacks. A front dispatch reported heavy fighting 'in the center of the shattered town. U. S. fighter-bombers hurled thousans of incendiary bombs on nearby Hurtgen forest, seeking to flush the Nazis out of strong positions. The big fires they set were believed to have inflicted severe casualties on the enemy. _______ 'Ko the west in Holland the last German troops were be- ing pulled northward across the Maas river. The retreat- ing enemy destroyed half the Moerdijk bridge, re- putedly the longest in Europe, and was using a ferry nine miles to the west. Allied minesweepers and dredges began clearing the SRielde estuary leading to Antwerp. The mightiest bombing siege of the war ranged through its third day as another Allied heavy bjribers and fighters and fighter-bombers blasted Germany from the North sea to the Alps. Seven bombers and 10 fighters were reported missing. The Hamburg-Harburg area in the' north was left uncovered with "Bbuds of black while Gelsenkirchen In the Ruhr receiv- ed its fourth heavy blow in 10 days. Prom Italy 650 heavies pounded the Vienna area. A fleet of RAF heavy bombers rAIed Coblenz last night. Coblenz, German traffic cen- ter behind the western front, was hit in a 10-minute satura- tion raid by high explosives and incendiaries, the air ministry said, and pilots reported huge and smoke rising nearly feet. Premier-Marshal Stalin in an or- der of the "day told the Russian armed forces the Red army and its western Allies "have taken up the positions for the de- cisive offensive against the vital centers of Germany." "We now stand on the eve of com- plete the Soviet com- mander-in-chief told his troops, part of which are besieging Buda- pift, Hungarian capital on the Dan- ube. Stalin's order was issued on the 27th anniversary of trie Soviet rev- olution. Earlier, in a proclamation, he had said that Hungary would out of commission aSl that the fall of the last big European Nazi ally would "signify complete Isolation of Hitlerite Ger- many, and early catastrophe will follow inevitably." Soviet troops were fighting Avithin two miles smith of the. big Nazi-operated Fcrihpgy air- drome in Budapest's outskirts after Sunday's capture of An- ilrassy, four miles southeast of Hie capital, and apparently were C eking to coil around the east- n part of the cHy. In a war -review, Stalin disclosed that Russian troops had destroyed 120 German 'men killed or since the big offensive began, and 1'jjd cut off 30 divisions in western Latvia. Berlin said the Red Army assault or. Budapest, capital of Hungary, had slackened at the southern en- trances of the city, with the Rus- aans gathering themselves for an- Bffler assault. Conditions within Budapest were described as chaotic. Marshal Tllo announced his Yugoslav Partisans now held the entire Yugoslav-Greek frontier with the capture of Bitolj. 'ROAD TO BERLIN By The Associated Press JWestern Front: 301 miles (from wst of Russian Front? 304 miles (from Vistula north of Italian Front: 557 miles (from southeast of Demos Plead Elect Lifetime President -DEWEY ALBANY, N Y., Nov. Thomas E. Dewey declared tonight that the Democratic campaign was pitched on a "bald plea for the long as he whoever happens to be president." In a speech on a nation-wide broadcast, the Republican presidential nominee asserted that for the last 30 years the country had gone through "a nearly unbroken period of crisis after crisis" in which it could have been argued "that the state of the nation and of the world was so critical that we ought not risk a change in administration." "In the last he said, "the whole argument comes down to a bald plea for the long as he whoever happens to be president. But that, we know, is" the opposite of a ff'ee system of government. So it is clear that if we are going to do our duty tomor- row, we must lay aside every consideration and deci'de how best our country can be serv- ed these next your years." In an election-eve address in which he urged all Americans to vote' tomorrow, the New York gov- .ernor.taW it was his opinion that "everyone has been_ sickened Jpy the constant conflicts and shifting poli- cies" of government agencies "as well as in the handling of war pro- duction, of transportation, the prob- lem of rubber and of other strategic Both Sides Tell Victory Claims By the Associated Press Both Democrats and Republicans predicted in election eve statements that their presidential candidates would win in Texas' general elec- tion Tuesday. Myron Blalock, Texas Democratic national committeeman, said more than votes would be cast, and Roosevelt and Truman would poll "no less than 75 of all votes cast." On'the basis 6f votes, estimated Walter Rogers, Republican state campaign director, the Dewey- Bricker elector nominees would get 45.6 per cent; Roosevelt-Truman 43.34 per cent, and the Texas Reg- ulitrs 11 per cent. He figured it Republican. 439.000 Demo- crat, and Regulars. Merritt H. Gibson, camrjaign di- rector for the Texas Regulars, in a statement, claimed his party would poll 40 per cent of Texas vote. He said 38 per cent would vote for Roosevelt and 22 per cent wouici vote Republican. The state comptroller's estimate of Qualified voters this year was and there were some pre- dictions that more votes would be cast than in any general election in Texas history. Polls open at 7 a. m. in all .coun- ties of population or more and 8 a. m. in other places, and close at 7 p. m. everywhere. On the newspaper-page-size ballot were six slates of elector candidates: Demo- crat, Republican, Texas Regulars (organized) by Anti-Roosevelt Prohibition, Socialist, and America First. And It Worked MESQUITE, NOV. little psychology of the Tom Sawyer has paid off for two Texas farmers. Because of the labor shortage, they believed their crops doomed, but remembering Tom's success In getting a fence whitewashed by sellinir friends on the idea it was fun, they ran a newspaper ad In the joys of gathering vegetables. The response from nearby Dallas was so great that the farmers ex- pect to clear an acre. SEVEN ARMY HORSES AMONG MORE PROMINENT REPATRIATES WITH SIXTH ARMY FORCES ON LEYTE, Philippines, Nov. the more prominent repatriates on Leyte are avmy horses, and there lu lies n story of how the horseless first cavalry division regained its mounts. For almost 18 months since the first cavalry came overseas it foiiRht on foot like many an infantry dl- and the Texas and Kentucky boys who would rather ride than eat (well, almost) felt it was a sorry state of affairs. after landing near Tacloban on Oct. 20, the dismounted cavalry- wen fcught their way across Taclo- L'jri's race-track to clear up a hill where the Japanese had some mor- tar concentration. Not a man In the outfit missed the sight of several horses roaming at will near the quarter-mile track. the commanding general, Gen. Vcrnon Mudge, cast an appraising eye on that survived the Japanese occupation. 1'f wasn't long before Capt. Don Walton of El P.isa, Tex., command- an order to round up all available horses in the area. He delegated the job to First Lt. Mulr Humphrey of Louisville, Ky. Humphrey's men picked up seven horses In rlci. paddies near the race course, and much to their amaze- ment they were American cavalry horses which belong to the 26th regiment at Bataan. On their necks was the familiar Prestcn brand. At the same time, Mlippino guer- rillas turned in their ponies and farmers contributed a few more they had corralled. The turned over to the old quartermaster mule pack train outfit. A Filipino sailmaker requisitioned for a supply of white canvas, his needle and his sail-sew- ing glove. Then work (began making packs for the mounts. The natives scoured the country- side and brcught up all the old saddles they could find, Including three regular army saddles which ing reconnaissance troops, received i cavalryman. "I knew those nags were here to mused one cintcntccl A presidential election score- card on which a record of re- turns by radio may be kept throughout tonight 'will be found on page 11. supplies." "Let me ask you one simple ques- tion." Dewey said to a radio audi- ence, shortly after President Roose- velt had talked on the same major networks. "Do you believe the job at home is being handled as well as possible? "I think everyone from the housewife who struggles with a new rationing problem every week to the industrial executive who struggles with priorities and will agree that we need improvement and need it badly." Reiterating his intention to lift the discussion pf international peace objectives "hbove partisan de- Dewcy reminded his listeners that so far as American participa- tion In security plans is concerned, difficult details must be worked out between the 'Congress and the president." "I have unlimited faith that It can be done by a president and a Congress working together in har- the candidate said. "It will take hard work, patience and uiv derstanding upon all sides The Republican candidate sought throughout his final broadcast of tile campaign to dispel the argu- ment that the people "dare not change administrations because our country is in the midst of a great ordeal." Declaring "there is nothing new in that argument' and that it was used four years ago when the coun- try was at said: "In other countries, this same argument has been the pretext upon which men, originally voted into power by the people, have suspended popular government and maintained themselves indefinitely in power." "The question is no longer- Do we dare to make a change See DEWEY, Page 2, Col. 2 Capital Exes Ask Rainey's Return WASHINGTON, Nov. Texas university Ex-Students as- sociation of Washington today sent to Gov. Coke Stevenson a resolu- tion urging re-lnstatcment of Dr. Homer P. Ramcy as. president of the university. Wilson Coven, formerly of Clif- president, of the asso- ciations local chapter, said the resolution endorsed Rainey and urged that the governor, in filling vacancies on the university's board of regents, select men who would favor his re-Instatcmcnt. A number of the association's members, not present at the meet- ing, said later they were not in agreement with the resolution. MEET forces yesterday rushed from the conquered Carigara bay area to eliminate1, the heavy- armed Nipponese re-inforceniBnts which have dug in at Ormoc. They made good progress. Stalin Supports World Policemen LONDON, Nov. Marshal Stalin, naming Japan and Germany as typical aggressors, urged tonight creation of a special post- war armed organization of peace-loving nations empowered to act imme- diately "to avert or suppress aggression." Addressing a cheering Moscow throng on the eve of the 27th anni- versary of the 'Russian revolution, the Soviet leader asserted Germany, although "on the verge of inevitable already was preparing for another war. He added that the task of the United Nations was not only to win the victory but also .to make future wars impossible. There is only one means, he said, to secure peace, namely: "To create' a special organization to defend peace and Insure security, composed of representatives of freedom-loving nations; to put at the disposal of the leading organ of such an organization the essential amount of armed forces required to avert aggression, and to without delay these armed forces to avert or liquidate aggression, and make it the duty of this organization, iu case of necessity, to apply to punish those guilty of aggression." Pointing out that peace-loving nations always are ill prepared for war, while aggressive nations usually are better prepared, Stalin said: "It cannot be considered accidental that such unpleasant facts oc- curred as the incident at Pearl Harbor.'the loss of the Philippines and the other islands of the Pacific, the loss of Hongkong and Singapore, when Japan! more prepared for war. than Great Britain and the example' of the advantage .of an aggressive L- L The Russian premier declared It would be "naive" to think that Germany would not, after defeat, attempt to restore her power and develop a new aggression. BRAIN SPECIALIST CALLS ON HITLER LONDON, Nov. mystery as to the whereabouts and condition of the long-silent O d o I f Hitler gained n e w piquancy today with a rumor that a brain specialist had been called to his current hideout near Berchtesgaden. Hitler supposedly is staying in a huge castle at Klesshcim, about seven miles from his usual mountain retreat, while new for- tifications are completed in the Salzburg-Berchtesgadcn area. It was there that the brain special- by rumor only as Professor report- ed to have examined him. This story, obviously iman- thoritative but distributed on London's European grapevine as information, at least hart the reliable background of Hit- ler's almost complet'; retirement from the public eyi: and car since the bombing attempt on his life last July 20. Stilwell Returns To Home for Rest CARMF.L, Calif., Nov. 6 Gen. Joseph Stilwcll, recently re- lieved of hts command In China, came home today to Carmel for a brief rest. He was accompanied here by plane by Mrs. Stilwell, who had met him in Washington, D. C. They went immediately to their fine home at Carmel point, where the general will rest before taking over what the White House has descrbled as "an important" but undisclcsed assign- ment. Neither the general nor his wife had any comment on public matters. Degree to Judge PORT WORTH, Nov. honorary degree of doctor of laws will be conferred on Federal Dis- trict Judge T. Whltfield Davidson at a special convocation to be held Nov. 28 at Technological college, the college board of direc- tors announced today. Last Jap Leyte Hold Pounded By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tons of shells from American heavy artillery screamed into Japanese last stand positions on western Leyte today in the prelude to a final show-down fight on that stra- iegic island in the central Philippines. The big guns battered the trapped Japanese in the Ormoc sector while Yank Dough, hoys tightened the envelopment from the north and south. American airmen added the roar of their bombs to the attacks. 50 Million Voters by President HYDE PARK, Nov. Roosevelt closed his fourth-term campaign tonight with an appeal for votes tomorrow so "the world will respect our democracy" and the fight to attain a permanent worjd peace. "Our boys are counting on us to show the rest of the world that our kind of government is the best in the and the kind we propose to the president said in a speech delivered over all major networks on a program spon- sored by the Democratic National committee. "I do not want to talk to' you tonight of Partisan poli- the president said. "The political battle is finished. "Our task now is to face the future as a militant and a united here at home as well as on the battle fronts." Mr. Roosevelt made the speech at the close of a dsy during which he toured his Hudson valley home neighborhood telling the residents of half a dozen communities he was confident of re-election to- morrow. Mr. Roosevelt said, Other election stories will be found on page three. "you the people of the United States again vote as free men and with full freedom of choice jio. secret police watchini 6Ver'your .shoulders. And for gen- erations to come Americans continue to prove their faitli In fz'ee elections." The voters president called upon to remember the "all the Election Fever Strikes Britain Tuesday, Nov. There was a touch of the Amer- ican election fever in this British capital today. It wasn't like anything back in the United last minute campaigning or rounding ,up of votes. But the British, catching the fever, were button-holing Amer- icans to ask what about the outcome. they thought UP FRONT WITH MAULDIN COI.ONKI, CAI'TDRItt) GERMANS official report .states front line troops failed to Inform the colonel and Ills party of their location." (N'cws Item.) pprtanl goals for which we are aiming." He said we must win the war and bring our armed forces home as soon as possible, then as- sure them "honorable Jobs." And we must create a world of peace organization, lie said, "which will prevent this disaster (cf war) from ever coming upon us again." Mr. Roosevelt, reminding his lis- teners Americans have always had a "deep well of religious strength, far back to the days of. the Pilgrim closed with this prayer which he said was sent him not long ago: "Almighty God, of whose right- eous wili all things are and were created, Thou hast gathered our people out of many lands and rac- es into a great nation. "We comend to Thy over-ruling providence the men and women of our forces by sea, by land and in the air; beseeching Thee to take! into thine own hands both them and the cause they serve. "Be Thou their strength when they are .set in the midst of so many and great dangers. And grant that, whether by life or by death, they may win for (he whole wcrld tiie fruits of their sacrifice and a just peace. "Guider we beseech Thee, the na- tions of the world, into the way of justice and truth, and establish among them that peace which is the reward of righteousness. "Make the whole people of this land equal to our high trust, rnv- erent in the use of freedom, just in the exercise of power, generous in the protection of weakness. "Enable us to guard for the least among us the freedcm we covet for ourselves; make us ill content with the Inequalities of opportunity which still prevail amoni; us. Pre- sorvc our union against ;ill the di- visions cf race and class which threaten it. i "And now may the blessing of God i Almighty rest upon this whole land: may he Rive us litil courage to support us, charity to unite us, now and forever more. Amrn." Mr. Roosevelt devoted the bulk of his .short, clcsiiiK campaicn :id- flros-'i to a discussion of the war- hard.ships of our .servicemen and (lie aims of this nation. Saying millions of mnn ovcr.scn.s already hnve ca.st their tin; president declared they are now wondering what the outcome of the election Son HOOSKVELT, Page 2, Col. 1 large number of soldiers did not cast ballots. Thn British newspapers Stars and Stripes, the official U. S. Army; newspaper published In London, was preparing to put out an extra edition. The American forces network, Army radio broad- casting to troops in the field, Is going to stay on the air all night giving returns. Under the headline, "There are no politicians in foxholes; will It end the war? vote's a minor issue at front, Stars and Stripes carried a story from the U. S. First Army front reporting there have bren given a real primer on the election. They have devoted col- umns to educating the public here In just how the American election machinery operates and have even carried stories on some of the more colorful contests for congressional scats and state ofliccs. While the newspapers here, and the British public generally, have been side-stepping any public as- sertions of preference, the News Chronicle carried a feature story under this Cheer P.D.R. in British Cinemas." Thn Daily Mail, over a story from its New York Reporter, front-pnRcd this headline: "Eve-of-Poll Will votes give him majority.' The Weather sh or COM WKATHIiK ItntMAlT nxi: ANN VICINITY: partly IJAST TK.VAS: Cnnllilrrablr purlin dy, Tl-XAS: cnolrr Tuesday: Mtchtly w.irmcr. -Mm Sup. 7X null lUgli mill n am! I.-.. Sinnrl InM The Japanese suffered heavily at the hands of U. S. Third Fleet carrier planes. A Pacific fleet communique late Monday said the naval air- men staged widespread raids on Luzon island, northern Philippines. They sank a sub chaser, in Manila bay, left a heavy cruiser in flames and in sinking condition, damaged a light cruiser, three destroy- ers and several cargo ships and destroyed 191 planes. The naval fliers also hit Clark and five olher airdromes on Lu- zon heavily damaging Installa- tions. Five Japanese planes were downed near Third Fleet car- riers. A.-, the battle of Leyte neared Its climax Radio Tokyo was busy' broadcasting claims, totally un- substantiated by Allied sources, that Japanese airmen and submarines sank an American carrier, proba- bly sank another and damaged two iHst of the Philippines. It further claimed Japanese submersible- strikes off the U. S Pacific coast. Today's communique from Gen. Douglas MacArthur's headquarters said the American advance toward Ormoc was unchecked with sol- diers of the 24th division pushing four miles south of Carigara bay past the town of Limon Long Toms effectively shelled Japanese bivou- gun emplocements and commu- nication lines. The Nipponese wera sharply repulsed when they at- tempted three small night counter- attacks from good defensive ter- rain. Japanese air activity was sharp- ly reduced as Yank heavy bombers blasted alrflKds on nearby islands W'the'wsst, lokyo was one of the busiest ra- dio stations on the air Monday. H broadcast these Suicide Japanese fliers dove info and sank an American carrier and. damaged another off eastern Lu- zon island, Philippines; Nippon airmen damaged one car- rier of a Yank naval task forco northeast of Lamon bay, Philip- pines; Japanese submarines attacked an (ask force off Sliluan Is- land, ca.st central Philippines, and torpmloeil and probably sang a car- rier; Kising Sun subs; operating off the U. S. Pacific coast, sank sev- eral oil tankers and transports; A Yank Superfortress was shot down and another damaged in Sun- day's B-29 raltl on n major oil re- finrry on Sumatra island. The U. S. 20th ail- force, offi- cially reporting on tne Sunday Su- perfortress strikes against the Su- nn tra refinery and (lie Singapore naval base, said none of the sky ginnt.s was lost. Meanwhile the Japanese-controll- ed Manila radio said 150 land- base d American planes lilt the Philippines capital district and Cl.trk airdrome 50 miles northwest- ward. The Japanese claimed re- pulsed of the raiders Closesl American air fields to Mpnila and Clark field are on Yank- Invnded Leyte and Samar islands. The Chinese high command re- ported the halting of one of three Japanese columns driving toward Liuchow, site of the last American nil- base in eastern China. Chinese forces stopped the Japanese 45 miles jilu'i'ii-' "lc KwarE-si province rail c r.tcr after the enemy spearhead by-passed and isolated Yungfu, rail town 33 miles south of Kwciltn. A re-inforccr! Japanese col- umn hilling from Ilir east was briskly 47 miles from I iurbow. The third column was in action -15 miles south of the chjrrtive. The Chinese communique said thr Japanese were thicwt; back at K'.voilln with casualties." Thr. invarinrs are batllinn In the suburbs on three sides of Kweilin 1 n major advanced U. S. air- Us.-.-T blown up last week by i American forces as the enemy ap- Iprnached. ctomly cloudy Poles Say Soviets Must Provide Food LONDON, Nov. Kwa- plnski, Poland's deputy prime min- ister, said today that "responsibility for the practical administration" of UNR.RA aid to Poland" lies with the Soviet military authorities." In n broadcast to Poland he ex- pressed appreciation of the exiled government at UNRRAS'.i decision to send a mission to ills homeland. LISTEN TO KRBC General election returns from Abilene, Taylor county, Texas, and the entire nation will be broadcast Tuesday evening by radio siation KRBC, Abilene. The Reporter-News will not give out election returns by telephone. The public is requested not to call (be newspaper of- ficc for returns. The telephone lines into the office will >e loiulcd with culls from persons reporting returns to the paper. Besides its usual press service The Rcporter-News and KIIBC both will receive the full Texas Election bu- reau service. Election judRcs cf Taylor county are again remmrtMi of the importance (n telephoning the Reporter-News, 7271, with complete returns us quickly as possible after the polls close.
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