Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - November 1, 1944, Abilene, Texas VOL. LXIV, NO. 136 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER gUtflene. Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR ROES' WE SKE'JXJri YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1944 -TWELVE PAGES Associated Press IAP) Vailed Press (V.P.I PRICE FIVE CENTS pang Put on Spot by Stilwell Recall; Now Must Prove Merits By KEILLY O'STJLHVAN T Former Associated Press War Correspondent in China .gSNEW YORK, Oct. Joseph W. Stilwell's recall from Chlna-Burma-Indla command, as the culmination of long-standing over measures to increase the effectiveness of free China's f ,to evergrowing Japanese military thrusts, puts it squarly up 1 to olperailssimo Chiang Kai-shek to prove that his government merits a leadjjig place among the United Nations. I s.aw the crisis developing during 18 months as an Associated Press war correspondent in Chungking and with both the American and Mnese forces in China. It was headed up since I left the Chinese capital .April. .Division of .the China-Burma-India theater Into two war sectors plices China on her own except for support of the U. S. 14th air force, a continuation of American lease-lend war materials and whatever degree of military cooperation Chiang Is willing to accept in the war of directing and training his armies. j( It makes China less Important In the overall strategy against Japan, especially in view o! the American successes in the Philip- pines. In forcing Sfihvell's withdrawal, Chiang perhaps gained "face" with Kuomintang party leaders, his favored generals and some of the provincial war lords he is able to dominate. t Elsewhere, however, it would appear that China's leader loses p'stige through the exposure abroad of conditions which occasioned Am- erican demands for Chiang to bring about reforms in the Chungking government placing Free China more actively In the war against Japan Stlwell, returning to Washington for "an important new command seemingly loses no "face" in leaving behind Generalissimo can rectify. a situation which only the Chiang has successfully resisted all efforts to bring about a settle- ment with the Chinese communists in northern China who claim to be fighting the Japanese more vigorously and winning more victories than the central government troops. Many ol Chiang's best army divisions have been enforcing a blockade against the communists, rather than being sent against the Japanese who are making a strong threat at cutting China in two. The truth about the Chinese army, as some experts tolil me, Is that "it isn't an army at all." The Chinese soldier, impressed into service without any selective service system as we know It, is brave and a good fighting man if he has a chance. But in general he is woefully underfed, lacks medical attention, proper clothing and shelter and equipment. By THOBURN WIANT SELF-PERPETRATION PARAMOUNT LONDON, Oct. Kuomintang party regime headed by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, has concerned with the inevitable civil war against the Chinese communists than in the struggle aganist Japan. Fog Aids Nazis' Escape; Battle of Antwerp Over By The Associated Press Allied forces drove through to the Maas (Meuse) river north of Tilburg last night and hard-pressed German troops were in full flight out of southwestern Holland toward a new defense line north of the Waal Rhine. Enemy convoys stretching for miles along the Dutch highways offered an inviting but a thick fog 'grounded AUied divebombers throughout the day and saved the Nazis from the disaster.Hhat apparently had been shaping up for them. A spokesman 'for Lt. Gen. C. Dempsey, commander of the British Second army, declared "the battle for the; Antwerp is over." Only a few thousand Nazis siill held out of Walcheren island at the north sea en land at trance io the Schelde estuar leading to Antwerp, and Can adian troops had begun an as saiilt across a causeway fron south Beveland is land aimed at clearing out thi enemy nest. With the Schelde cleared of th Germans, Antwerp's miles of docks wil be available to Allied shipping AJthe same time, the Allies-no' own a broad, firm base acr-iiS sou them Holland for future offensivi operations against the northern em of the German defense line. A -German thrust toward In eastern Holland, hlch for five days had forced weakened American forces to give ground, finally was halted and thrown back with the aid of British reinforcements. The Al- lied troops won hack half the jtoit.n of 14 miles east of tindhoven. Russian forces were reported by Moscow to have captured more than 200 towns and villages in their nev, on Budapest in Hungary anc Ji have broken into the streets ol a large town 43 miles southeast of the Hungarian capital. The Germans declared that 35 Russian Infantry divisions and sev- eral tank corps had been so weak- ened by 14, days of headlong at- against Nazi positions in east Prussia that the battle for that German province "may be regarded as terminated." On the muddy Italian front Indi- nn troops consolidated a half-mile deep bridgehead across the Ronco seven miles south of Forli. Air Base Officer fy'lled in Crash I Second Lt. Robert L. Kuhl, 23, of j irning, Iowa, was killed when his ,ine crashed Tuesdav a short dis- nce north of Abilene Army air He was on combat training fj'jht. Kis parents are Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence A. KuM of Corning. GENERAL WILLIAMS Henry C. Hamilton Struck by Auto Ji'enry C. Hamilton was struck b an automobile on South llth nea the railroad crossing late Tuesday and was taken to Hendrick Me morial hospital for treatment o lacerations about the head anc! otlv Tlie car, driven by Bill Caperton of Clyde, knocked him to the sidi of the street police said. He wa. taken to the hospital by a Klker- Warren ambulance. He is a resident of route 5. Albany Man 2ndAirforce Commander Maj. Gen. Robert B. Will- ams, 43, native of Albany, has jeen named commander of he 2nd Airforce, which has eadquarters in Colorado prings and includes the Abi- ene Army Air Base, it was nnounced last night in Colo- ado Springs. General Williams, recently re- turned from 15 months overseas in the European theater as a bom- bardment division the 8th Airforce, The Weather WEATHER I1ILEXE AND or CO.MMERCE BUREAU ICiNITV: EAST WEST TEXAS; Fair with jni'fli change In temperatures tia> and Thursday. TEMPERATURES Tuts. Mon. Tues. 5.1 57 HOUR 1........ i........ P.M. Ill 74 S2 77 7fl SI 83 80 7fl 7H 75 71 il.sh and Iniv temperatures to I) p. n.: XI nnil lltRh and low Mnmr dale last year: nnrt ,v-'. last night: (hli morning: .Sunset lonlfllt: commander in succeeds Maj. U. G. Ent, who is in Brooks General hospital at San Antonio, recovering from a serious accident. General Williams was a bombe comand general with the 2nd Air force in its formative stage. He ha been in the Army Alrforces since in was commissioned a second lieuten ant after graduation from Texa, with a degree In civil engl neerlng. He attended the formal dedlcatloi of the Abilene Air Base In June 1943, who at the ceremonies said "The Abilene field is among hte besl I know that from experience as I have landed at most of them West Texas hospitality will provide the utmost in cooperation for the At that time he was locatec at Briggs field. El Paso. General Williams holds the Dis- tinguished Hying Cross for heroism in lending nnd England-to-Africa shuttle raid In August, 1943, for personally directing the raid and cnrying it through to success, de- (Scc GEN. WILLIAMS, Pft 2, Col 2) Dewey Charges Bogus Promises iy The Associated Press In another Jeer-provoking assault on President Roosevelt, Gov. Them as E.- Dewey in Buffalo, N. Y., las night accused the president of mak ing "bogus" campaign promises and called for a revival of the "getting ahead" spirit as a "vital part oi our American speech and thought.' Touelu'ng off an explosive round of boo's and catcalls at what he termed Mr. Roosevelt's "government jy abuse and the Republi- can candidate told a nationwide radio audience the New Dealers have sneered" for years at the "old American idea of 'getting ahead.' Captain Theodore siefert of Bui- :alo police said persons were crowded In the hall. "There is no one thousand elub in my the gover- nor declared. "I have not off- ered the government of the United States for sale at one thousand dollars to any man and I never iriil <o any one at any price. Your new adminis- tration will take office honest- ly, without secret promises of special privilege to any class, group or section." Here, in brief, is what he said the :epublicans would do if they were ictorious: 1. "Direct all government policies oward the goal of full employment After nearly two years in the China-Burma-India theater as a war correspondent, I am convinced the Generalissimo and his party leaders are in perpetuating themselves. Democracy does not exist in China. There probably is no more effec- tive dictatorship than that of the Kuomuitang party. There is no free- dom .of speech; or of press; or of much of anything else. There are secret police, concentration camps and firing squads for those who dare to speak, or write, or act out of turn. There also arc ingenious means of applying "do-it-or-else" pressure. For years, China has been on the verge of falling apart. All of this may sound strange to the American people, who had thought the Chinese had been fighting heroic battles against the Japa- nese for the past seven years. Why hasn't the American public been kept informed? First, because of Chinese censorship. Second, because Washington held hope that the mess could be cleaned up. Washington, through Gen. Joseph W. Stil- well. gave Chiang every assistance possible under the circumstances. But the mess became so bad that Stilwell finally was recalled to Washington. By THE PRESS AMBASSADOR COMING HOME President Roosevelt announced yesterday Ambassador Clarence E Gauss is following Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell home from China. However, Mr. Roosevelt said, there Is no connection between the recall Of the general, which he attributed to a clash of personalities with Chiang Kai shek, and the resignation of the Ambassador, which he dis- closed casually In response to n reporter's question. Thus in a space of a few minutes at his news conference Mr Roose- velt covered the fact that the two highest American officials at Chung- king are coming home. But in response to a rapid fire of questions he said the developments were not connected with Issues of policy or strategy The conference came at the close of'a day marked by numerous dispatches from correspondents still, in or recently from the China- Burma area. They reported cleepseated Chinese-American differences over American efforts to get Chiang Kai shek to revitalize his country's war effort. Preston Orover, Associated Press correspondent at New Delhi said of Slilwell's withdrawal: China, Chiang evidently gained great 'face' by the maneuver which is looked upon in many Chinese and American quarters as capitu- lation (by the United States to China on questions of Brooks Atkinson, just back from Chungking where he was New York Times correspondent, said in yesterday's Times: "The United Statet sj" from nmv on to discount China's part In a countT-offen- He added that inside China the recall of Stilwell was regarded as the political thiumph of a moribund, anti-Democratic (Chinese) regime that is more concerned with maintaining its political supremacy than In driving the Japanese out of China. AMERICAN FLAG FLIES OVER PHILIPPINES Joatswain's Mate Second-Class Kfihcrt Driscoll of Providence I. I., makes fast an American flag to a palm tree Tlie irst American flag to fly over the Philippines in nearly three years. Gen. Douglas MacArthur announced the invasion on Oct. 20. (AP Wircphoto from Navy) HALLOWE'EN QUIET AFFAIR IN DOWNTOWN ABILENE Remember llow men you were midnight pictures for good meas- ol a kid you got yourself a mask and was especially good on Hallo- we'en so mom and pop would drive you downtown to watch the spooks Jarade? Those were hilarious times, but last night wasn't the same. Tilings were much quieter. Mostly the very little ones sport- ed costumes and masks. They had .heir fun out in the neighborhoods, screaming at window, nnd then hey came downtown. They minus the traditional rubber bands or same good pops nt fancy slack- ffciircrs, but they added sound and :olnr. Traffic was slightly heavier than light before last, and lots of pro- le blew horns loucilv and laughed ihrough full production at a high Pretty much. They came through eve! of wages x x x." j tlie business section, ninny of them, Funeral Directors End Meeting Here A banquet at the American Le- gion hall last night climaxed the quarterly meeting ot the Vest Texas Funeral Directors nnd imbalmers association. Tlie afternoon session featured peeches by the Rev. Cal Wright, i'd Stewart, Largent Parks and Hugo Swan, both of Dallas. Stewart toastmaster at the banquet. 2. "Adopt an entirely new tax ructure" designed primarily to create 3. "Make our social security sys- :m available to every American x x 4. "Establish a definite and secure oor under farm prices x x x 5. "Restore free collective bar- gaining.in America." 6. "Abolish the greater part" ot government reports required from big and little business. 7. "Bring an end to business mo- nopcly" through the acquisition of "a competent staff of prosecutors" in the department of justice. 8. "Establish an entirely new basis between the president and congress X X X President Roosevelt added a Thursday night'radio speech to his campaign windup and chartered a closing tour through New England, capped by a Sat- urday adurcss in Boston, Mr. Roosevelt's Thursday night speech will be delivered from the White House. Democratic national headquarters said it would be broad- cast by NBC at 8 p.m. central wai time. Sen. Harry S. Truman said last iiight "Gov. Dewey and his cam- managers have encouraged, as i part of their political strategy, i vicious and un-American cam- paign against Americans of foreign birth. For the first time In the cam- laign, Truman shared a speaking ilatform with Vice President Henry i. Wallace, the mar, he defeated for enomination. Truman called for the re- election of President Ronscvclt "as the champion of "universal freedom anil universal toler- ance" whose talent and experi- ence "constitute a national asset we cannot afford Io en route to or from private parties, There was still time for happen- ings, but near 10 p. m. last night, noiody had started a fire or even luined in a false alarm; and the cops had had no trouble from pranksters. As far as was known, nobody had let the nir out or tires and most screen doors were still on the hinges. Soap was a popular weapon, though, and aptly, written on the window of the employment orfice was: crcaner. Jap Plane Toll 10 to 1 In Philippine Invasion Carrier planes wiped out enemy aircraft and perhaps 252 more in the two. months da ing from the time task forces opened up Aug. 30 with Philippines prc-invasion raids and extending through the trio or naval battles in (he Philippines sea. In the same from the big task force assault on the Bonins, on through strikes at Palau, the Ryukyus, Farmosa and the Philippines and up to Oct. planes of the Seventh and Third Fleets lost approximately 300 planes, Adm. Chester W. JNimitz announced last night. Many American pilots and crews were rescued Assessment of the enemy's staggering air losses followikl communiques reporting Jap- an had suffered at least 60 warships sunk or damaged within the past week and probably, naval personnel, inclub- ing a few admirals. Inasmuch as Japanese plane production is estimated to be from to planes a month, the action just'about rubbed out al] the aircraft Nippon's factories could turn out in the same period. The sinking of 18 additional Elllps nf Japan's badly _bpttered war and merchant fleets iifas1--jHlsclosed by the United Stales Navy Tuesday. On lop of the overwhelming, na- vhl defeat suffered by Nippon's routed fleet in Philippine -waters SURGEONS REMOVE LIVE SHELL IN YANK'S CHEST By DEAN SCHEDI.ER AMERICAN HQSPITAL UNIT, Lcytc, Oct. 31-MV-Army Bur- geons at LeyU removed from a doughboy's chest a live artillery shell thai might have exploded and killed surgeons, attendants and pal- tlie ?nia11 caliber artillery shell entered above the hip and lodged against the nils. The cap, or fuse, still was In place. An Ordnance expert was called. He (old surjretms (he shell might explode If It were struck sharply tat Hint it could lie removed liy small sorcepts with carr. Jlaj. Charles Applchcrry of Plattc River. Mo., assisted by Oapls Nathaniel Cohen and K. K. Johlman of Gardiner, JIass., and Me. James lloirrcn of Kcokuk, Ja., lient over (he operating (able. I'crsplra- tlon, caused not entirely from the Intense operating light and the sun heating on the canvas tent, streamed from them. They made a lomr incision down the chest and stomach liccausc they hail to have extra room to extract the shell gentry. On (lie (he game soldier cIuiiE (o life, unaware dial (he group of tense medics were risking their lives. Major Applcbcrry firmly grasped the shell in the forceps nnrt lifted it to a tray. The ordnance men took it and cnrefully walked through the (o a safe distance, to dispose of it. The medical men (nnk n, sigh of relief anil scwctl up the Yank. They said he had a "fighting chance" at recovery. 79 Jap Fighters 3ang Up on Super But Can't Scratch No More Matches WASHINGTON, Oct. Hold That Light! Tn (he next six months, civilians "household strike-am-where type.' gelhers. There were a couple or so Albany Officer Listed Missing By JOHN OROVER. A B-29 BASE IN WESTERN CHINA, Oct. Seventy-nine Japanese fighter planes ganged up on a single American B-29 bomber over their own home islands re- cently and not only failed to so much as scratch it but had seven of their own planes shct down and two damaged by the bomber's gunners, interrogation officers disclosed to- day. This four-hour running battle, dc- i scribed as undoubtedly the severest test ever made of a B-20'.s defenses, began over Kyushu when a flight of j nine new .Japnnese pursuit plnnr.s! lumpert the homber just as it WHS heading home nftcr a bombing void., The Japanese were skilled nntl ilc- ermlnccl, and the American pilot, Maj. J. C. F.igenmann of Spring- orrirnr III., said, -They cnmc so could almost rtad their doe :ags." Lt. Col. Edward J. Potter of Aus- tin, Tex., who w-a; a headquarters, an, observer aboard the bomber, report- cd the gunnery system functionec r. week the Navy added a des- troyer to the list of men-of-war sunk by Yank submarines. The un- dorseas fighters, prowling the west Pacific nnd Asiatic seas, also bag- Eerl a naval auxiliary, a tanker, a large transport anu U merchant- mrn. Since Pearl H.irbor (lie Amer- Icnn undersells fighters- have sunk, probably destroyed or damafied a totiil of 974 Japanese ships. To Japan's dismal war pic- ture also was added casualties totaling some growing out of the naval [rattles of the Phil- ippines and the invasion of Leyte and Samar islands by American Liberation forces. Unoiiicial estimates from Pearl Harbor listed naval officers, nen nnd fliers as thr approximate casualties suffered by the Japanese lect when 60 of its warships were sunk, probably sunk nr damaged In 'luce separate sea actions last week. On Leyte nnd Samar islands Jap- uicse land forces sustained infinities in the flrn 10 days of 'Miting. Tho exnccted shnvdomi fight i-ith the Japanese in Leyte's Cari- :ara bay area on the northwest oast was shaping up as Yank oughbuys advanced u n c hecked along tvphoon-drenclied Leyte val- ley Gen. MacArthur's communique today said 24th division troops gained two miles and were only eight miles from juncture with Ai.ieiican cavalrymen already on th" bay shore. Some trapped Japanese in tile Dapami sector were wip- ed out. troops In Cat- inon bill foxholes and caves were about liquidated. The Japanese continued night at- tempts to Innri reinforcements from Cc'.'iU. Yank fliers from carriers destroyed or damaged 20 barges at Online, fliscnibarking point for1 the ALEANY, Oct. I fresh trcops, Licht naval units sank Edward son of L. D. missing In ndli Oregory, j two lumpers in Ormoc bay and two i iiphtcrs in nearby Surisago strait. Gregory, has been] During lisht Japanese: air attacks perfectly and the su'mere coordin- ated their fire 50 well that they put a metal "fence" around the bcscigec Superfortress. Three cf this attack- ing force were shot down bciore the other broke off nftcr n 150-mllc chase, Immediately 10 new Japnnc.se fighters showed up nnd began a sc- ries of eager attacks. After 125 more miles, four of them had been down- ed and the others gave up the chase. They evidently had cnllcfl up the reserves, however, for off the China coast GO fighters rcsc to meet the bomber. These last attackers were rlscrlbcd os reluctant to close, ami the Su- perfortress gunners, running low on Ammunition, reserved their fire for he few who meant haslncKs. Two of hesc were damaged. As n fliinl quirk In nit melting "When they rim we try to Itclch 'cm. When we ketch 'cm we try to make 'em run." .rip, the fi-2fj i tmsciithccl on Is home field during a Japanese air -old. ovn- Holland since Sept. 18, the Wnr Department has Fllghl Officer Gregory, 21, went overseas in Aiip.ist. He bad volun- on Leyte, 11 enemy planes were shot clown. Tn Japan. Premier Gen. Koiso be- wniled "gradual" Nippon land with- drawals on fighting fronts. He at- tributed tills to a shortage of nia- teered in September 1942, am! urged Increased war trained nt .Shcppurd field, Amarlllo air field, in Tennessee, Kansas. Ala- bama, and al Ark., where he Win, promoted to staff He received his wings nr, n glider pilot and xvas appointed ns flight officer Lubijock. 15, this year. He then was sent to Lnuring- burg-Mnxton Army nir base, Max- ton, N. C., and from there went to England. Rn wns graduated from Albany high school In 1939 where he had player! football four years. In the fall of 1939 Gregory joined (he CCC inti spent six months In Wyoming ns a clerk. In he entered North Texas Agricultural college nt Ar- where ho majored in aero- lautlcnl engineering. He wns there production. Meanwhile the wn '-ridden Jan- am fe were registering their only success in China, where Gen. Jo- seph W. Stilwell wns relieved of his command recently. The battle for Kwcilin, stra- tegic defense huh in southeast China, was going: badly for the Chinese whn were about to face their promised last man defense of the Kwnngsl capital. Three Japanese ccHmms were closing in on the cltv. One was six miles to the east, another six miles northeast and the third nine nnd onp-half miles southwest, the Chin- ese high command reported. The Chungking communique said Chin- forces, seeking to disrupt Jap- anese supply atif] communications lines, hit toward Timgnn, 90 miles two years nnd n summer. He took a northeast of Kwellln. nnd captured pollt's course nt Hcnsley field. strong positions near that town.