Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 22, 1944, Abilene, Texas UNITED WAR CHEST total Subscribed MORNING WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO'FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR .WORLD EXACTLY AS IT LXIV, NO. 126 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 1944-THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Press (AP> Vnlttd Press PRICE FIVE CENTS Cities, Airfield Taken RECEIVES CERTIFICATE Pvt. Francis Dupras is being presented a high school diploma from St. Joseph academy by the Rev. Henry Felderhoff, pastor of the Sacred Heard Catho- dic church. Private Dupras received three weeks of review at the academy, and by arrangements through Camp Barke- ley and school officials, was graduated. .WOUNDED 61 GRADUATED Francis a patient %t the Camp BaV.celey 'regional' hos- pital annex, received his high school diploma at St. Joseph's academy Saturday after a three-weeks re- fresher course.In three subjects. The reconditioning service, with officials from the academy and Tom McGehe'e, county superintend- ent, made it possible lor.Private U-Boats Resume -Atlantic Patrol LONDON, Oct. German U-Boats are once more op- crating along the Atlantic sea Janes to Britain in a resurgence of warfare, first lord of the Admiralty A. V. Alexander disclos- ed today. The British Navy chief also de- clared that a British battleship ca- pable of tackling the entire Japan- Navy had started toward the Taclfic, elaborating an earlier an- nouncement by Prime Minister Churchill that "a large portion" of such a fleet already was gathered In the Indian ocean. Alexander disclosed the now sub- S.iarine menace in reporting arrival In Britain from North America of the largest convoy in history, with- out loss. The convoy was composed of 167 ships, covered an area of nearly 26 square miles, and carried than one million tons of food %'rid war Only one "very cautious" U-Boat reported near the convoy and the admiralty does not fear great- ly nny attempt by the enemy to fend submarines in strength back underseas raids, Alexander said. T3ut he added bluntly that, although "super-optimists" had called the war against u-boat.s won, "they were wrong." General Review 01 War Foreseen Oct. tlie vr.sh trip of Ambassador W.' Avereil Harrlman from Moscow to Washington today foreshadowed a general review of European prob- lems by President Roosevelt and the state department. reached Washington this morninR after a 57-hour plane trip from Moscow. His return caused speculation that Ambassador John G. Wlniint In Londan also would be brought home psjoin in the consultations. Winant mid Harrimnn were both here last May and the envoy to Lonrton said at that lime that he might return In the fall. The results of the Churchlll- SUlln conference .concluded this njlik I" Moscow focused attention on Polish snd Balkan questions as those most likely to come up for urgent discussion. There were some indications, however, that the con- ferences ml8ht cover virtually the field of European affairs. Dupras to _-work for diploma while' receiving' "treatment. The service works -on .a. theory :that a planned program for mind and body will'save hours of duty by return- Ing the soldier to his job faster and In better shape than before. Credit for subjects' taught' by" Private Dupras in St. Joseph school, Bertheirville, Quebec, Canada', were allowed through efforts of McGe- hee, and with reviews of courses in algebra, English and American lit- erature, over which examinations were given, he was isued a scertifl- cate. Private Dupras spent about seven years in Canada, attending St. Jos- eph school. He entered the Army in June and while in training at Camp Wolters, received a knee injury for which he is being treated h.ere.. His parents, Mr. .and Mrs. A. Dupras, live" at Adams, Mass. Major Cutbacks Fail to Develop WASHINGTON, Oct. Big culbacks In war production- foreseen as an employment and morale' problem this fail- ed, to materialize in anything like expected volume and no major cuts now are in sight telore victory in Europe. War production boarci figures re- vealed today that 85.000 employes of prime contractors have been dis- placed by cutbacks since June 15. ov fewer than one in one thousand war workers. Lay-off figures here however, do liot show what the impact might be on subcontractors. Official sources said that if the fighting in Europe runs deep in 1944 "more and more contracts completed and not re- take place. This would mean a gradual taper- liid'-off next year, so that V-day would bring a smaller industrial dislocation than the 40 percent slash now officially predicted. In the four months since the armed services began reporting cut- backs through WPB's production 'executive committee staff, it was disclosed, those large enough to be reported have numbered resenting armament cuts of about Fewer than a dozen, however, have had serious repercussions on employment In the cities Involved, and In many cases the lay-offs ex- pected by Washington authorities d'fi. not take place or were substan- tially lower than estimated. Escaped Prisoners Still Uncapfured Two German prisoners of war who escaped the Camp Barkeley staknde Friday night were still at large last night. Tlie men are Johr.nn Zlmmer- mann and George Orosu, both dressed In khaki or blue denim PW clothing. FDR Asks U.S. Peace Force Pre-Pledged to Halt Warlord NEW YORK Oct 21 President Roosevelt called tonight for a world peace council with an American representative pre-endowed by Congress to place American forces of the men who will formulate and carry out' a foreign policy of this country, is' in issue ".in .this election much in issue, it is in issue not in terms of partisan applica- tion but in terms of sober, solemn the .facts that are 'on the record. "If the Republicans were to win control of the' congress in tills elec- tion inveterate isolationists would occupy positions of commanding in- fluence and -power." Regarding the administra- tion's foreign policy, Mr. Roose- velt pledged post-war Germany would be shorn every "sin- gle element of military power or potential military power" and "stern punishment" for'war leaders responsible .for the "agony 'of mankind'." also, thaj, the After my return Mr. "I.stated -offi- cially'-'that :rio 'secret .commitments had been-made'. The issue then Is between -my veracity and -the con- tinuing assertion of-those-who have no responsibility in the foreign perhaps-1. should- say, a :tteld foreign, to'.them." the end of a day .which say him campaigning .through the rain for the millions. of -voles New York City will cast Nov. 7, the president dealt point-by-point with criticism leveled, at administration foreign policies by Gov. Thomas E. Dewey. Bui not once did he speak Dewey's name. But there was no mistaking his meaning- when he remarked: I am now speaking of October, hear voices on the air attacking me for my 'failure1 to prepare this nation for this war and to warn the American people of the approaching tragedy. "These same voices were not so very audible five years ago even four years ing warning of the grave peril which we then faced." Mr. Roosevelt asserted that America and her allies are "en- tirely agreed that we shall not bar- gain with the Nazi or leave them a shred of open or secret control, of instruments of government. Nor, he said, will they be left a single element of military power or potential military power. German people, he pledged, will not be enslaved, but there will be stern punishment for those in Ger- many "directly responsible for this agony of mankind." This, apparently, the chief exe- See FDR, page S, col. 1 Los Angeles Blast Kills 5, Hurts 100 LOS ANGELES, Oct. The Navy announced tonight that at least five men were killed and more than 100 injured, some criti- cally, when a landing vessel was shattered today by an explosion which set fire to three similar craft and spread to a dock. Two hours after the blast, which occurred at Los Angeles harbor, the fire was still being battled by city firemen and coast guaid and naval equipment. A Navy spokesman said it was believed nearly under con- trol. The spokesman said five bodies had been recovered, all believed Navy personnel. ,in an a, association dinner at the Waldorf Astoria the chief executive said also that a Republican victory-would toss congressional leadership to in veterate isolationists" who are not "reliable of American foreign policy in world which requires international cooperation to preserve peace. Mr Roosevelt'said-a projected council of-the .United Nations, proposed by the Dum- barton Oaks agreement, must have the power to act quickly and decisively to keep peace by force if need be. '.'It is he asserted, "that, if the world organiza- tion is to-have any reality at all, our representative must be endowed..in advance by .the people themselves, by consti- tutional means through their representatives in the con- gross, with authority to act." Mr. Roosevelt said "a question O'DanielHill-BillyBand And All Coming to Abilene AUSTIN, Oct. Tex- Rose and tjje Texas songbird have as Regulars announced today that the familiar and potent voice of Sen. TV. Lee .O'Daniel 'and the equally well-known' notes of his hillbilly band will, be raised in ..the wide open spaces of this1 state in behalf of their anti-Roosevelt pres- idential electors. The white-domed sound, truck with its stage from which Little Caesar and Ezra, Texas RuleGIKi In Italy Battle Oct.. Pvt. Billy Yarborough, only son pi-- Mrs and Mrs; -Bill :Yatbprough', ithis city; 3; '.ffie. No delaijs -wire given' tHe .parents in .the., terse wkr department mes- sage' death. lYoung Yarbbrough 'was..born here March '16, .'1925, 'and .was 'a. 1942 graduate of .the' local high ..school. Before entering -service last year he was employed '.as bookkeeper at the Rule'Jayton Cotton 'iQlI mill. Yarborough.- trained at Camp Wolters and was sent overseas about six months ago, landing, in -North Africa. ,He Jater was trans- ferred to Italy and was with the Fifth Army when killed. 'Survivors besides the parents in- clude a sister, Sherrie Lynn. Weather Assists Crops of Texas AUSTIN, Oct. Open weather following good rains have permitted1 active field work and promoted growth of commercial vegetables in Texas winter crop areas, the United States depart- ment of agriculture reported today. Progress was satisfactory through- out the first half of the month. Conditions in the important coas- tal bend non-irrigated district were generally favorable, with good pro- gress in preparing the land and a considerable ncerage of hardy vege- tables planted. A limited commercial area south- west of San Antonio was becoming too dry for growing crops and planting has been curtailed but ir- rigated crops in this district were in. good condition. Sub-soil mois- ture was plentiful In. most areas and temperatures have favored seed germinations. Growing crops were progressing nicely; snap eggplant, pep- pers, and squash are becoming available In increased volume, and pi tomato production is about a week earlier than usual. Planting of beets, carrots, cab- bage, and spinach was active in all areas. FaVorablc early season mois- ture conditions pointed to consid- erable acreage of hardy type vege- tables being planted earlier than usual, b-it delayed soil preparation and intermittent rains resulted in a limited early acerage being seed- ed. Some non irrigated onion acreage was being planted and onion seed-beds were In good con- dition. The; usual insect infesta- tion was present in leafy vege- table, crops and some worm damage to tomatoes was reported.. WHAT ABILENE NEEDS The Reporter-News believes that whenever the' war there can easily he over-optimism about Is going to have to be ready with something to replace the war-born business activity that 11 has had since 1940. Abilene and women, old and younc, rich and poor and askrd ,fn write. letters to the Reporter-News to express their thoughts on this question: What Ahllf nc Needs! The first of these letters Is presented today on page 8. It hoped hundreds of people will use thk open public forum lo discuss community plans and problems, warbled and twanged guitars through four major successful cam- paigns will tour the state during the last two weeks of the cam- paign. .The statewide swing will start Tuesday at Wichita Falls, said Mer- ritt H. Gibson, campaign manager for the Regulars who describe themselves as the anti-Roosevelt portion of the Democratic party In Texas. For the first time, O'Dan- iel and 'his hillbilly musicians will be in a presidential campaign. The' 'wiiid-'up'of the long, bitter fight between pro-and anti-Roose- velt Democrats cast Texas' Junior and senior senators in opposition roles. While O'Daniel will be making. two speeches a day, senior Sen. Tom Connally will speak at Houston the night of Oct. 25 in behalf of the Roosevelt-Truman and .night of The; "We can't lose said. "The Texas Regulars consider victory in the bag. Every one Is familiar with Sen- ator O'Danicl'i' valiant fight against the Ncaw Deal bureau- crats. He has been fighting for four years and it IS only natural for him to align ,hlm- self with our cause in Texas where the balance of power in (he final outcome of the national election' will lie. "Senator O'Danlcl is a real Democrat who believes in the Jeffersonian principles of the party." Gibson announced O'Danlel's af- filiation at a meeting of the Reg- ulars' executive committee and electors. He said the junior sena- tor, along with Ills musicians and sound truck would open at Wich- ita Falls Tuesday at 8 p.m. He also announced plans for the individual electors to stump their own districts in their own behalf in a "whirlwind finish" to the cam- paign. Following the Wichita Falls ap- pearance, O'Daniel will speak at Childress, -Amarillo, Big Spring, San A n g e 1 o, Abilene, Brownwood, and Fort Worth. He will begin a swing from the Gulf to the Oklahoma line the follow- ing week, starting at Corpus Chris- ti. Gibson said details of the itin- erary would be announced next week. Connolly to Speak In Dallas Oct. 27 DALLAS, Oct. H. Kittrcll secretary of the state democratic executive committee, said today that Sen. Tom Connally would speak to a Democratic cam- paign rally in Dallas the night of Oct. 28 instead of Oct. 27 as had been announced originally. Kittrcll said the date was chang- ed because "we were unable to get radio time for Senator Connally Oct. 27." Tyson Says Pappy 'Fitting Mourner' DALLAS, Oct. Ing on the announcement that Sen. W. Lee O'Dnniel, accompanied by his hill billy band, will make a two weeks campaign in Texas, Thomas L. Tyson, chairman of the speakers bureau for Roosevelt and Truman campaign, said: "It Is .quite fitting that Senator O'Daniel should be the chief mourn- er at the political funeral of the Texas Regulars." Pioneer Dies FORT WORTH, Oct. 31 Miss Fannie Van Zandt, 76, member of a pioneer Fort Worth and Tcxns family and granddaughter of Dr. Isaac Van Zandt, republic of Texas minister to the United Stales who negollated the treaty annexing Tex- as to the union, died today In a local hospital. She had been ill for sev- eral years, Berlin Says Prussia War Heaviest Yet LONDON, Sunday, Oct. 22 Powerful Russian and Romanian columns plung- ed across Hungary's vital Tisza river defense line with- in 50 miles southeast of im- perilled Budapest yesterday, and also cut Nazi escape lines by reaching the Danube 87 miles south of the Hungarian capital in an outflanking drive aimed at crossing into the western half of the tottering Axis satellite nation. Berlin in .a broadcast late last night meanwhile said the Russians had broken through to the Goldap-Gumbinnen highway, from 10 to 18 miles inside German east Prussia, and that the battles on that front "surpass anything pre- viously seen on the eastern front." Axis radio commenlators had said earlier the Russians were at least. 15 miles inside East Prussia, and had expanded their attacking ROAD TO BERLIN Western iront: 302 miles (from west of Russian front: 310 miles (from Italian front: 558 miles (from south of front to 100 miles on the eastern snr; northeastern sides of East Prussia. Tank-tipped Soviet spearheads were miles .of Insterbufg, ratUarid only 50 oast the hurling- in fresli troops the Bed army forced the Germans ,to re- treat to Unspecified "fortified posi- tions" farther Inside Germany, said one broadcast by Col. Ernest Von Hammer. The Goldap-Gumblnncn high- way was reached somewhere north of the Romlutcr Hcidc, state game forest, and Ber- lin stressed the fury of the fighting "which reached a' white heat of Intensity with Russian artillery pouring shells on Ger- man positions like a hailstorm." Moscow, in telling of the race, across Hungary's plr.lns toward Budapest, still was silent on the five-day old drive on east Prussia, but an Associated Press correspond- ent in the capital said that "when the news finally is released it is expected to be sensational." The Soviet bulletin announced capture of 140 Hungarian towns and villages. Including Baja on the east bunk of the Danube 87 miles below the Magyar capital, Csonprad, on the western side of the Tisza 69 miles southeast of Budapest, and other localities in between. A Romanian communique, how- ever, announced that Romanian and Russian troops were fighting stub- bornly resisting Germans near Szlonok, onJ.v 50 njilw from the capital, after crossing the Tisza, last natural defense line short of Budapest. A midnight Soviet bulletin said the Russians cros.sed the Tisza river by night, repulsing all Ger- man attempts to slop them, and broke into Ccongrad, where on en- tire enemy regiment was wiped out. AP Head Demands Unhindered News CHICAGO, Oct. 21 _ Kent Copper, executive director of the Associated Press, today that an "unhindered flow of infor- mation" was necessary to preserve ths postwar ponce. He the National Editorial as- sociation "none of the world organ- izations or-systems now being dis- cu.ssed for the peace to come can possibly succeed unless the first basic step is taken to assure unhin- dered flow of hiformotlon." The Weather DEPARTMENT OT CO.MMHRCK WKATIIKJ; IIL'RKAC Anil.KNt: ANN Fair Sun- day JIM a Monday. HAST Sunday and dft.v; KlfgliDv cooler Sunday In Intrr- Inr rxrrpl in rxlrrmc nnriti portion. tt-'E.vr Fxir Sunday and Mon- day: warmer in Panhandle, and South Plains Sunday. TEMPERATURES Sal. Frl. Sal. Vrl, A.M. .M I'J HOUR i ,V, )8 ........1........ 'X .17 y> X........ <H m 01 '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.ll'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. nil fin M.....J- .17 High low Ifmpfmlures in 11 r- II .'.ft. Hlrh mid "nifl yftf- illifl lil. nllhl: 7 p. m. Rnnrlif ihl? mornltiir: p. m. SniinFt lonlRhl: 7 p. m. Japs fold Brutality To Draw Punishment GENERAL MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Philip- pines, Sunday, Oct. 22 American invasion forces on Lcyte in the central Philippines, penetrating, four miles in- land along an IS mile front, have captured two airfields, the capital city of Tacloban, the town of Diilag and won control of a strait leading to inland seas of the archipelago, head- quarters announced today. The airfields, first to fall into Yank hands as potential bases from which Army planes can expand the air coverage now provided by carrier aircraft, were overrun near Tacloban and Dulag. Today's communique, issued on the third day of invasion, suggested that the constant air and naval fire of the Ameri- cans plus the steady flow of reinforcements, are turning the estimated Japanese on Leyte into bewildered, disor- ganized groups. "The enemy is already showing signs of a lack of maneiiverable cohesion in the face of the skillful attacks of said MacArthur of a foe he parti- cularly wanted to get at be- cause they were the Nippon- ese who tortured the Ameri- cans and Filipinos at Bataan. As success was scored by the larg- est .Invasion army yet massed In the Pacific ocean areas. Gen. Douglas MacArthur solemnly warned the Japanese government and military leaders they would be held account- able lor the tortues at Bataan In 1842 and for any repetitions against either soldiers or civilians. The First Cavalry division which overran Tacloban airfield the. first day of fighting surged into Tacloban itself last night. The capture of Tacloban gave the Americans con- trol of San Juanico strait between Lfrte and the Island of Samar; Both the airfield and llu.cap- by; the .Japanese....... -v "Elements of' lho-86Ui division captured Dulag, miles smith of Tacloban yesterday without difficulty, then beat off Jap- anese tanks before beginning: a drive up the Lcytc valley. Headquarters said. the Japanese airforce has made more scattered attacks against some .vessels of the 600-shlp convoy which brought the massive' force from Dutch New Guinea to the Invasion scene. Because of effective 'attacks by carrier planes of the Seventh Fleet on enemy airfields in the Visayan and Lalawan islands, the Japanese air efforts against shipping In Pedro bay were restricted to sporadic sneak attacks. The victories in the Tacloban area placed tlie Yanks on the west shore of a strait leading to the Philip- pines Inland sea. The captors of Dulag. part of the 24th corps, were forced to beat off a spirited Japanese tank and in- filtration counter-attack before re- suming their push beyond that town. Six light enemy tanks spear- headed Japanese artillery and In- fantry In blows aimed at the ad- vancing columns. American armor suffered some damage before the foe was driven from gun positions and entrenchments they had re-oc- cupied. The new successes nnnnuncr.d came after strong enemy posi- tions, which included concrete pillboxes anil prepared artillery positions were eliminated by In- filtration lo avoid the more costly frontal assaults. A short distance south of Tacloban, al I'nlo, where Fred Ffampson, Associated Press irar Sec PACIFIC, page 8, col. 6 Final Youth Center Plans Being Talked Steering committee and student committee for the youth recreation center will meet Monday night to work out final plans for the open- ing of the center Nov. 15. Ah'ich pray, chairman of the adult group, announced Saturday. I have all hopes we will be able to make all final arrangements for the he said. Main topic of discussion will be the hostess for the center. Student1; lisve indicated they would prefer a woman. Gray said, and all applica- tions will be presented and dis- cussed by thrm. "More applications for this very important position are Gray said. Two formal and five or six Informal bids have been re- ceived. Salary to be paid the di- rector will be discussed Monday. Dickie Klam Is chairman and Frank Bcnham Is vice-chairman of the student comnil-.U. The meeting will be at 8 p.m. "t the West Texas Utilities build- ing. Yanks Push Along Past Aachen Ruin LONDON, Sunday, Oct. 22 American troops struck swiftly last night fol- lowing the unconditional sur- render of Aachen, pushing ap- proximately one rnile east- ward toward Duren, 24 miles away, from their position's in the. Wurselen area four miles north of Aachen. Thunderbolt fighter-bomb- srs ranged ahead of the Am- erican" "a'ttatik1, showing leaf- lets and ;explo.siyes on towns along the; iiighwa'y. To the Horthwest the Canadian First Army, 'with British aid, ad- vanced nine miles In the Dutch- Belgian border region in a drive to clear the Ehelde estuary so the Al- lies can use the great port of Ant- werp. American troops near the Ger- man .borler in. the Nelherlands ad- vanced within yards of an un- identified hub. near the Maas (Meuse) river, and the British con- solidated their positions southeast: of Venray in secondary actions in this important sector. Elsewhere no significant progress WHS reported m the badly sodden front. Direct air support was cut by rain to a minimum. The final surrender of Aachen, first large Ocrman city to fall imu Allied hands, was made by 800 Germans who vio- lated Adolf Hitler's "flght-to- the death" orders after being hammered Into traps from which there was no escape from Gen. Courtney II. Hodges' savagely-attacking First Army doughboys. It was the first formal surrender of German arms on German soil in modern history. Tonight the Ger- man homcfolks still had not been told of it by their propaganda min- istry. The German colonel, a profes- sional soldier named Gerhardt Wilck, made a theatrical show of Ills capitulation, marching his men out in perfect order in their best uniforms and with highly polished boots. He first signed a paper omit- ting the unconditional surrender requirement. This the Americans refused to accept. Colonel Wilck, after some soul- searching, drew up and signed a new document of unconditional surrender, which he blamed on lack of ammunition and food. He explained that he had hesitated for fear of reprisals against his fam- ily in Germany because he was disobeying his fuehrer's express or- ders to die on the spot. Later in a prisoner enclosure he wept without restraint. Surrender of the rubble heap that is Aachen, leaving the Americans freo to prosecute a drive towards Cologne, 40 miles away, was, for all its drama, strategically less sig- -.iflcant than (he new Canadian as- sault to open the Schelde estuary to Allied supply ships. In an offensive which field dispatches said gained nine See FRANCE, rraze 8, col. 3 Himmler Dead? LONDON, Sunday, Oct. Sunday Chronicle, In a dispatch from Its correspond- ent at Bucbaresl, Archibald Gibson, said today Heinrlch Ilimmlcr, Nail Grstapo chief, had been assassin- ated while driving through the streets of Hucapcci. The report lacked confirmation from any other source. Lubbock.............0 0 6 0-6 Abilene...............Q 0 0 7-7 See Page 11 for details.