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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 20, 1944, Abilene, Texas UNITED WAR CHEST Quoia..........v.. Subscribed A TEXAS Jl- "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY- MORNING; OCTOBER 20, 1944 PAGES Associated Prtst (AP) United Press (Vf.) NEWSPAPER ABILENE TEXAS, JUtllJAY MUKfNiwu, uuiuatrt ui, ivvt j. i muuo fNVADE PHILIPPIR PRICE FIVE CENTS 0 LONDON, Friday, Oct. huge Red army, composed of Moscow and Stalingrad veterans and supported by waves of tanks and planes and hundreds of big Soviet guns, has begun the first Russian invasion of Ger- many, smashing several miles into east Prussla and sti 1 was Saking headway at midnight, Berlin announced early today. The fall of Eydtkau, border town 37 miles east of the ID-way junction of Insterburg, and 87 miles, from the East Prussian Capital of Konigsberg on the German Baltic coast, was announced officially yesterday by the German high com- ttalMoscaw, as is usual at the unfolding of important opera- tions kept silent about the offensive which Berlin said was backed by 600 tanks and supported at both ends of a flaming 200-mile front by two other passive armies attacking on the northern and southern ends of the imperilled junker German reserves were being rushed to the front, presum- 'Sbly these include units of the new home army of all males. between 16 and BO, whose formation Gesta- po Chief Heinrich Himmler an- nounced Wednesday in a speech somewhere in East mentioning- the East Russian sector the Moscow radio last night said "the war. has en- tered its final stage'- now that bo- Vub.of Debrecen .in Hungary, .and- annihilating Axis troops in -Bel- grade, invaded Yugoslav capital. g A midnight Soviet bulletin described Belgrade as a 'caiil- Srcm" where several thousand and pocketed Germans l-'fell In a single day, and Mar- shal Tito's Yugoslav Partisan headquarters said the Vupnslavs alone had killed Germans "The liberation of Belgrade C> appeared to be imminent, with 'the enemy compressed into a narrow portion of the Danube The' smash into East Prusslajpre- sumably was under the direction, nf the brilliant 3-1-year-old Jewish <5mk expert. Gen. Ivan D. Chern- Takhovsky. His third White Russian army troops, using thousands of American-made jeeps and trucks swept over Eydtkau, a half-mile across the Lithuanian border on Kaums-Konigsberg highway Russians broke through the main German fortifications, but Berlin hastened to assure the home- land that the Nazi lines were tic and staggered" and that the loss of German- soil was not neces- decisive in the war. was the first time in 30 years that Russian troops had invaded Germany. Berlin said cherniakhovsky s blow from the east was only part of-a eigantic Soviet pincers against East i'Vussla. launched by three armies bolstered by tremendous reserves moved up from the conquered Fin- nish and Estonian Fisher County War Sliest Drive Lagging ROTAN, Oct. Supt. C. J. Dalton, chairman of the current War Chest drive, announced Tuesday that approximately been turned In on the county's goal of Only two communities were re- ported over their quotas. Pyron, with Will Young as local chairman, iiwrncd in Gannon, with Charlie flunn and Mrs. Pearl Pittman as chairman, also turned in Else- where contributicns have been made, but quotas are still lagging. In Rotan, Chairman Lance Davis is lining up a committee of men to after the town's quota of U.S. Business Fears British JOHNSTON E LONDON, Oct. 19- W Churchill government is aiding in a widespread campaign to boost sales of British goods in postwar markets all over the world, Har- court Johnstone, secretary of the department of overseas trade, de- clared today. Johnstdne's statement, and a sug- gestion by Sir 'George Schuster, a director' of numerous British banks and" business enterprises "and mem- ber of '.Parliament, that the- Unit- ed' States "consider curbing -her postwar exports to "leave 'some, lee- way" for others, were the, latest developments in a vigorous discus- sion over postwar markets. Schuster told an American cham- ber of commerce luncheon that "we are frightened at what we read of your country's preparations for postwar industry and export." Johnstone reported- that the Brit- ish government has expedited pass- ports and vistas to hundreds of commercial travellers who have al- ready left England to 'sell British goods as soon as they are available for export. "It has been estimated that the United States with its present equipment could produce the same quantity of goods and services as in by no means- a poor busi- ness and still have he declared. Prussia Drive Gains Belgrade Liberation 'Apparently at Hand KARL HEINZ SCHMIDT Escaped Nazis Still-at'large after three days of freedom were Heiiiz Mere and'karUHeinz Schmidt, German prisoners of who escaped from the Camp Barkeley stockade early Tuesday. Schmidt is making .his sofcond break for freedom. He escaped June 26 and was caught on the federal lawn June 28th. Federal authorities still had no clues as to their whereabouts last Hungarians Asked To Stand to Last LONDON, Oct. Ferenc Szalasi, ignoring Adolf Hit- ler's frank admission that Ger- many no longer has a single Euro- pean ally, appealed to Hungarians today lor a last-ditch stand against national extermination. He promised "prosecution of the war at the side of the tripartite powers until final victory." Jaycee Pledge For Recreation Plan Withdrawn A pledge to give to the sup I port of the Abilene Youth Recrea- j tion center by the Abilene Junior chamber of commerce was with drawn last night by Jaycees whi met with members of the Youth Recreation center committee at the Woolen hotel. The meeting was called to discuss the proposal of the Jaycees to hold off opening of the youth center until March 1 when Jaycees will obtain possession of a building on South First, now under lease by them, for the permanent location of .the center. Temporary site of the center in the Woman's building at Fair. Park I has already had the approval of the Abilene Youth Recreation and Welfare association. "The youth center will open Nov. 15, anyway, even though we now have only about, to do so. Ab- dications for director'of the center ire being received and a choice will be made Alrich Gray, chair- nan of the youth committee, said "ollowing the meeting. "The Junior chamber of com- will help this temporary proj- ect at Fair Park in every way pos- sible and we'll do our share, in rais- ing money for its operation. But we are not going to contribute this at this time. The building on South 1st will he available March 1, 1045; for a youth center and we will use the then.' 'Ail' of the other rest..-of ..the community should Ben said. night. Early yesterday' morning two youngsters, waiting near the water tower for their school bus, were almost arrested by local peace officers when they were mistaken for the prisoners. CAP Officials Talk To Ranger Cadets M. I.. Bird, acting group com- mander of the Civil Air patrol and R. T. Redies, lieutenant In the patrol, returned last night from Ranger where they talked to 120 prospective cadets and flew them yesterday afternoon. Ranger business men plan to or- ganize a flight of the Civil Air pa- Court Jolt In, [axes Demanded WASHINGTON, Oct. (If) A recommendation. that the su- preme court "jolt" Congress into doing something about asserted in- come tax inequalities between states which have community prop- erty laws and those which do not was made to the high tribunal to- day, by a Tulsa, Okla., attorney. The said Attorney Villard Martin, might be provided by the tribunal upholding a lower court decision that under Oklahoma's community property law a man and his wife in computing their federal income taxes may divide their total income. Clark told the court the Okla- homa law was a "tax windfall" to married couples; said the Oklahoma system was put Into effect to re- duce federal taxes on individuals and complained it was discrimina- tory against taxpayers of other SMiize a niKin u, me states. He said the elective fea- trol soon, and when plans are com- turp of tllc Oklahoma law required pleted, the flight will be attached to the Abilene squadron. Bird spoke before a joint-assem- bly of Ranger high school and jun- community property states of Ariz- ior college students and the Ranger Idaho, Louisiana Lions club also. Nevada. New Mexico, Texas anc The Weather S. DEPARTMENT OK COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AMI VICINITY: Partly etnudy, Illllc chanBe In temperature Friclty and Saturday. EAST AM) WEST TEXAS: -Partly cloudy, tlltlr In temperature Friday and Saturday. TEMPERATURES Wnir Wed. Thur. Wed. slrcnglh." said such Japanese-held bases as Borneo "will be severed from Jap- an forever." "The communications uprm which Japan's war industries depend will be It said. "A half million men will be cut off without help of support." This Included Japanese garrisons manning many poor-supplied island bases in the Zabl IiiuleS. Tokyo announced early Thursday that American forces began landing Monday U. S. time (Tuesday Ma- nila time) in the central Philippines points where the invaders would be in position to split the archipelago defenders in half. Adm. Chester W. Nimltz issued a. communique last night which reported air actions on beyond the time Tokyo specified for the landings. He said carrier planes, whicb have been blast- ing the Philippines all week, swarmed over the Manila area Monday, Tuesday and Wednes- day bagging more planes, sinking six more ships and dam- See AMERICAN, PR. 2, col. 1-3 WAR CHEST ONLY M. SHORT OF GOAL IN CAMPAIGN The Taylor County War Chest fund was only away from Its goal of night when was contributed. Thursday was the ninth day of the campaign, and donations to date total 732.77. Despite the success of the cam- paign so far, Tom K. Eplcn, co- cha'.rmnn of the drive, Thursday warned; "At the close of business today, we find that our job is 70 percent complete. This probably represents as good progress as has ever been made In any similar campaign in Taylor county, and your chairmen are pleased. However, we are reach- ing the apprehensive stage beam we realize that our daily receipts are going to drop sharply, and very shortly, unless some of the classi- wliicli arc still dormant get busy. "We have been somewhat dis- couraged also over the fact Hint many contributors have fallen far below their quota and last year's figures. We cannot understand such an attitude unless it be due to over-confidence relating to the end of 'he war. We wisli to call attention to the fact that the money is needed for our local in- stitutions, regardless of when the war ends. Furthermore, the mili- tary Is just now getting into some 01 the countries where this relief money can really function. "Our people have responded well to date, but the chairmen have reached the point now where they are beginning to worry and a good solid rush to close this thing out would save them additional gray hairs." Contributions may be given nt the WAC shack, come'.' of North 3d nnd Pine, six days a week, be- tween 9 ft. m. and (i p. m. Those who wish to contribute who have not :jccn askfd arc urged to stop at the WAC shack while they are down town. Berlin Says New Invasion Appears Hear LONDON, Friday, Oct. troops accel- erated their drive against Ger- mans pocketed in the Schelda estuary of Holland yesterday, one column bursting forward three miles, and last night the Berlin radio blurted out fresh speculation on the imminence of HM'vall-out assault across the Dutch-German frontier; i ,v Late' reports, said the Canadians were -fighting inside Breskens, just across the estuary from flooded Walchercn island, while another Canadian column splashed through the marshes three miles to within one mile of Oostburg, squarely in the center of the pocket. This action was part of the de- termined effort to clear away Ger- man forces blocking the Echelda river leading to Antwerp and Ger- man military spokesmen have re- peatedly maintained that a Brit- ish-American "knockout blow" would be attempted somewhere be- tween Aachen and Arnhcm as soon as the Antwerp supply channel was opened to General Eisenhower. But German broadcasts lust night said Elsenhower might not even wait for the Belgian port to become available before launching a new assault. One propagandist even predicted a new seaborne invasion in the vicinity of Rotterdam. The Canadians were making steady progress, but in some cases meeting desperate oppo- sition. German troops counter- attacked fiercely against Lt, Gen. H. D. Crear's units on the three-mile wide spit of land stretching out to Walchercn and front dispatches salt! some of tile enemy had won a foothold in the north edge of Woens- drcciit. British iroops advancing south- ploughed 3 1-2 miles deeper into the German Mans river bridgehead in Holland nnd with a strong Amer- ican force converged upon the key town of Amirika, astride one of the main railroads leading eastward in- to Germany's industrial northern RhlneHnd. The Germans, given no respite after their ccstly defeat at Venray and faced with possible entrapment on the Miias west bank, began has- tily retreating from strong positions northe.i.st of Venray. It was the eighth day of an Allied offensive to eliminate the German Maas salient and prepare theg round for a big smash into the ncrthern Siegfried line. The British drove to points ap- proximately three miles north of Amerika, while American forces pushing steadily eastward from the Deurae area continued to roll across the Deurnc canal and stood about the same distance west of the town, Lt. Gen. Courtney II. Hodges' American First Army in hand- to-hancl and house-to-house fighting through Aachen won control of more than half o' the city, finding German resistance as stubborn and strong as It was on the first clay nf the siege of the bis German center 11 days ago. The rest of the fcrnt was rela- tively static on a day of continued bad weather, worst toward the south; Lt. Oen. George S. Fattens American Third Army in eastern France was bogged in mud. while American and French troops in the Vosges foothills further to the south consolidated and improved the po- sitions despite German counter-at- tacks.
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