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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 17, 1944, Abilene, Texas UNITED WAR CHEST Sbfltnt Y V W'V f IV W W V WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES.'-Byroii ,'fOL. LXIV, NO. 121 A TEXAS 3mUt NEWSPAPER TEX AS, TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 17, 1944-TWELVE PAGES Associated Presi (AP) Unite! Press (U.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Heavy Paci Pombs Blast Fuel Center ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, New Guinea, Tuesday, Oct. heavy raid by American bombers, escorted by struck Balikpapen, the important Japanese oil center in Borneo which produced 15 per cent of the enemy s aviation gasoline and oil, today's communique said. This is the fourth big smash against the Borneo center and the communique said that _ Nimitz Reports Daily Kill I Planes, Ifl Ships industrial plants were hit. In previous raids widespread damage was done and huge fires were started. 140 tons of bombs were dropped in the latest strike, which occurred Saturday while the Navy was engaged in its Formosa strike, far to the north. In the raid the Americans de- stroyed 49 Japanese fighters probably destroyed another 18. Two of our bombers are missing, along with five of the fighters. Fires, set in the refinery, were raging as the Americans Completed (heir task and start- Id for home. There were terrif- fio explosions and smoke rose almost four miles high. Listing the total damage inflicted upon the enemy in the four raids, the communique said that 390 tons cfcexplostves had been dropped and 179 enemy planes destroyed, besides the damage to critical oil installa- tions. Our losses have been 19 bombers and six fighters. One of the raids was recorded as one of the lonest JKr water raid, bomb loads con- sidered, that had been made in Pa- cific warfare. Today's communique also reported raids on the Ceram and Boeroe air- dromes which buildings were '-teed These centers, with import- aft enemy flying fields, have been struck repeatedly recently. Hungarians Seek Jo Remain Nazi -LONDON. Oct. Jlo-Nazi Hungarians, with, the backing of the German army and gestapo, sought tonight to hold their chaotic country In the war on Ger- many's side even as the Russian invasion forces pressed closer to Budapest. neutral sources pictured the collapsing nation in a turmoil of free-for-all fighting, the Nazi sympathizers led by tempestuous Fereno Szalasi announced on the Budapest radio they had Installed tnew government after "rctire- ent" of regent Admiral Nicholas Horthy and the resignation of Hor- 560 miles (from thy's "government. Warsaw) The broadcast included a state- Italian Front: ment that Horthy had agreed to resign to make way for Szalasi issued a proclamation "revok- QPA ASKS RdllrOad frig" the plea for an armistice which he had addressed to the Allies yes- terday. No indication of Horthy's where- about was given. Thi- new government immediately today asked tne interstate imposition of a string- merce commission to revoke a ent curfew on Budapest and a ser- percent passenger fare increase ies of repressive decrees aimed at i Jews and dissidents. HITLER TO TALK NEW YORK, Oct. Hitler will speak at the state funeral for Field marshal Er- wln Rommel, the London radio said tonight in a broadcast re- corded by CBS. NEW YORK, Oct. Ad- miral Chester W. Nimitz, command- er in chief of the Pacific fleet, in a broadcast" from Pearl Harbor to- night said that since Oct. 9 Amer- ican forces in the western Pacific have' destroyed 73 enemy ships and 670 aircraft. "Our average now is the. destruc- tion of 100 aircraft and 10 ships a Admiral Nimitz told the New York Herald Tribune annual forum on current problems in a broadcast over the Blue ne'twork. "These results would have been much greater except for the scarc- ity at profitable the ad- miral "Enemy sir opposition, compara- tively light hi the early stages of the assault, grew more intense over Formosa- and the Manila area." "In recent Admiral Nimitz "we have been able to send the American people good news about our fleet striking close to the heart of Japan. But it would .be a grievous error to think that such success would give rise to the hope th-.t there will early end to the war with Japan. "However, even as you hear my yoicej the enemy .is. hearfng our bombs, "our- shells. and our torpedoes. And. right now, the total losses Ja- pan has suffered In these actions has reached 73 ships and 670 air- The operations progressing in the Pacific, he said, give further proof of the ability of the American fleet to stay at sea for long periods and, although thousands of miles from home bases, remain a potent fight- ing force. ROAD TO BERLIN By the Associated Press Western Front: 302 miles (from west of Duren) Russian Front: 310 miles (from Rates Be Slashed WASHINGTON, Oct. .bout was given. The Office of Price administration Thi- new government Immediately today asked the Interstate Com- j 10 is now in effect and block a .-allroad proposal to boost freight rates by 3 to 6 percent The agency, on the basis of 1944 traffic volume, estimated the fare increase at and the proposed freight hike at 000 foi a total of It called both increases "wholly un- necessary" and Inflation- ary." "Horry. Now we're outla charcoal, too." Bulgarians lake Lead in Nis Capture LONDON, Tuesday, Oct. 17 battle for 'Eel- grade developed into hand-to- hand fighting in the streets at the center of the city last night while combined forces of 'Rus- sian, Bulgarian and Yugoslav troops, spread out along the trans-Balkan railway to a dis- tance of 175 miles south 'of the Yugoslav capital. This stranglehold on the main rail route leading north from Athens threatened to choke off the retreat of largo German forces from Greece even before the combined drive westward had made more than a dent into Yugoslavia. The broadcast Russian commun- ique announced that the important highway and railway junction of Nis, 125 miles southeast of Bel- grade had been captured by unit- ed action. Seizure of the city. already had been announced Saturday by the Bulgarians, who apparently, from the language of the Russian com- munique, played the biggest role In this action. Moscow saia: "ulgar- lan army, operating against the Germans together with troops of the Yugoslav Nat- ional Liberation Army and with our troops have captured in fighting on the territory of Yugoslavia the town and rail- way junction of Nis." The liberation of Belgrade itself seemed Imminent. The Algiers radio, broadcasting an account of the fighting in the Yugoslav ...capital, .-Said 'two-thirds of the" city already-had been freed and that the; Russians with Mar- shal Tito's Partisans had fought their way into Belgrade's princi- pal square. This description said two German divisions were caught inside the city and that their po- sition was "hopeless." The Germans themselves said Russian tanks had broken into the inner defenses of the capital. The Russian communique, with charac- teristic restraint, said only that Red army troops with Partisan units "are fighting for the capital of but added that prisoners had been taken in the suburbs. Another German broadcast declared the Soviet autumn of- fensive "is in full swing along the rolle front from Pet- samo to Yugoslavia" and add- ed that the bulk of German forces in northern Finland had withdrawn to the Norwegian frontier "after frustrating en- circlement attempts by rein- forced Russian armies." Moscow remained silent on the battle of the Hungarian plain for several days, but the Germans re- ported a massive tank encounter still In progress south of Debrecen, 115 miles east of Budapest, and near Oradea, across the Romanian border 40 miles southeast of De- brecen. Soviet columns southwest of De- brecen were last reported fighting within 50 miles of Budapest on the approaches to Szolnok arid Kecskemet. Burns Fatal To Ihree-Year-Old Tommle Jean Elza, three-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. T. Elza, 1934 Merchant, died in a local hos- pital last night at as a result of third degree burns she received Sunday In Houston. The child, accompanied by the mother, was brought here by plane yesterday afternoon for treatment. Her condition was sjtfious upon ar- rival and she wefkened rapidly early In the night. The accident occurred when the little girl struck a box of matches while playing, setting her dress afire and burning more than half her body, part of the burns third degree. The father, who at present Is employed in a Houston cafe, will fly to Abilene today. Funeral ar- rangements probably will be an- nounced from Elliott's during the day. Fire Breaks Out In Water Tank LAKE WILSON, Minn., Oct. village had, of all things, a fire in the community water tank Saturday. Flames broke out while firemen were Insulating the lofty container and Firemen Cy Koob had to carry hose line up 60 feet of ladder to pour water onto the fire from an emergency well supply. NEWEST Borneo oil fields and nearby re- fineries which supply 15 percent of the Japanese needed avia- tion fuel have been set afire by Allied bombs. The Yanks ap- parently are carrying on the procedure which helped cut Nazis of vital necessities of war. CHEST FUND INCHES UP Monday night, sixth day of the campaign to raise for the United War chest, contributions totalled 53.62Z.79 for the day. Altogether has been received. E. TV. Berry, general chairman, urged complete working of each group, adding that only 71 of the 90 groups have made reports. Complete working of each group will be absolutely necessary, Barry said, if .the goal Is reached. The money will go to the National The list of Monday donors will bo found on Page 11. war chest and local Scouts, Boy Scouts, JTWCA and Salvation Army. Two other groups, beauty shops and real estate dealers, were added to the list of those which have oversubscribed their quota. Beauty shops, with a quota of S500, turned in S521.50 Monday. Real estate dealers raised Their quota was Group captains were reminded yesterday by letter of the quotas which each must meet and were urged to make reports immediately concerning progress. Charles Rutlcdge, rural War Chest chairman, and Maj. David Evans, Camp Barkeley special service officer, will go to Trent and Merkel today to hold rallies at the schools. FOR VDIES HERE TODAY The speaking campaign to garner votes for President Roosevelt, his running mate, Sen. Harry Truman, and other Democratic nominees opens tonight in Abilene, with stale leaders and county leaders of West assembled. Headed by Speaker Sam Ray burn and State Chairman Harry L. Seay of Dallas, the delegation of state leaders is due to arrive here at 11 a. in. and will go immediately to the Hilton hotel to begin conferences lasting until the night rally in the Abilene high school auditorium. The conferences ------will be adjourned for luncheon and a briet early afternoon tour of Camp Barkeley, but will be resumed the middle of the afternoon. E. T. Brooks, district executive committeeman, last night urged all persons, particularly county chair Nazis Slaughter In Greek Flight ROME, Oct. German withdrawal from Greece was indi- cated by Berlin today as a strong British naval force reached Piraeus, port of Athens, carrying troops to reinforce Allied and Greek Patriot units liberating thai saMntry. A Berlin broadcast quoted a Ger- man military spokesman as saying that "because of the Gennan eva- cuation of Greece the Balkan front will assume a different aspect. Events there are still very fluid. The decision in this sector will fall later There has been no direct word, son of Corslcana, chairman of the men, who desire to talk over lo- cal problems with Speaker Rayburn Chairman Seay and others to visit the Hilton. The night rally will get I'n- derway at p. m., with Brooks opening the session, lie is to introduce Seay, who will talk briefly ar.rt prrgent Speak- er Rayburn. The Texas Qual- ity Network, plus KRBC and radio stations at Lubbock, San Angelo and Browmvood, is to carry the speaker's address from 8 to p. m. Seay, Myron Blalcck of Marshall, national committeeman, Tom Ty- on Athens from' Allied headquar- ters since Saturday's announce- ment of its liberation, but field dis- patches indicated the Germans en- gaged in considerable demolition before withdrawing. Associated Press Correspondent Sid Feder, in a delayed dispatch datelincd Athens, said the Germans were reported to have burned one western section of the ancient city. In addition they blew up a huge supply dump and an air field, and did extensive demolition work on roads west of the city, Fedcr said. Feder said the Germans contin- ued their brutal attacks on civil- ians even while withdrawing, with several hundred citizens in the lit- tle village of Koropi west of Athens slaughtered in reprisal for the kill- ing of five Nazi soldiers by Greek Patriots. Arrival of the British naval forc- es was accomplished after enemy minefields were indi- cation that sea lanes would be safe for transportation of food and oth- er supplies for Greek civilians. state speaker's bureau, and Con- gressman Wright Patman of Tex- arkana, also will speak. Brooks last night urged all per- sons to attend the rally in order j to hear all of the speakers and all tho subject matter offered. He cited the rsdio broadcast will be but a half hour, while the rally is to last upwards of an hour and ft half. The executive committeeman said he expects many hundreds of visit- See RAVBURN Page 3, Col. 5 Pipe Hurled Info Odessa Residence ODESSA, Oct. freight train In collision with n trucklosd of plpo yesterday hurled the pipe into the residence of J. J. Moys, shattering the dwelling. The Moys, returning from a mat- inee, found the 5 1-2 inch thick sections of pipe resting on their furniture, after shearing off the back side of the house. S. C. Worden, driver of the escaped serious Injury iiud the truck was only slightly dam- aged. s Continue Pvf. H. A. Grubbs Wins Bronze Star The Bronze Star medal has been awarded to Pvt. Henry A. Gru'ubs, son of Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Grubbs. 2241 South 8th, the War depart- ment announced last night. Private Grubbs, who was wound- ed on Bougainville early In March of this year, Is a patient at Mc- Closkey General hospital, Temple. He received the Purple heart. A student In Abilene Christian college, he volunteered for the Army April 7, 1943. He was stationed at Camp Roberts, Calif., before going overseas where he was stationed in the South Pacific for six months. Since returning to the States and McCloskcy Gcnofal hospital, Pri- vate Grubbs lins been a frequent visitor in Abilene. Current Off BRUSSELS, Oct. 16 A shortage of coal caused nil electric current throughout Brussels to be cut off from a.m. until 6 p.m. today, except in hospitals. Berlin Sees New Aachen Drive Near LONDON, Tuesday, Oct. 17 The taut battlelinc stretching 50 miles between Aachen and the Maas (Meuse) river in Holland bent toward Germany in two places early today and the Berlin radio as- serted preparations were be- ing made for a new Allied of- fensive in that sector. A German counter attack was hurled back from Aachen itself and the American pin- cers were snapped clean through the half-mile gap in the steel ring which had been forged around the city. Dough- boys of Lt. Gen. Courtney. H. Hodges's U. S. Army came from the north to capture Wurselen and linked up with troops from Crucifix hill to the south. British troops pulled up at the outskirts of Venray, five miles south of the Maas. The German radio re- ported a Nazi withdrawal in this sector to the railway embankment west of the river, several hundred yards behind the previous enemy positions. These two Allied advances, though perhaps not significant in them- selves, coincided with German, re- ports of a budding offensive in the only two sectors where General Eisenhower's forces have any free- dom of movement in the forward battle held by the Bri- tish Second and the American First Armies. The German reports said "strong troop reinforcements" had been behind 'Hodges' lines' and the Berlin commentator predicted they would be em- ployed in the coming "battle of Ceiienkircbcn, 10 miles north of Aachen, since a chunk was torn out of the Siegfried line there a week ago. The Canadian First Army, mean- while, continued its determined fight to clean out Nazis from the 50-mile Schelde river estuary so the Allies can use the spacious and un- damaged port facilities of Antwerp, only 75 miles west of Goilenkirchen. Another convulsive German coun- ter-attack was shattered by Yank artillery near Weiden, just east of Wurselen, before the infantry and armor of two converging First Army columns finally formed a juncture and cut off Aachen's last, thin con- tact with the outside. Last night Nazi planes sped across the city, lighted by many fires, and para- chuted supplies to the trapped gar- rison. Fifty to 60 German tanks were estimated to have been destroyed in the past three days as the enemy launched five heavy counter-attacks in an effort to free Aachen. At least 10 were smashed Monday, and there was every indication the Nazis would be back. Apart from Monday, main German counter-assault against Crucifix hill, which dominates Aachen from the northeast, a lesser but bitter one was sent against American troops within the rubbled streets of the city. Members of the garrison threw themselves against the Ameri- can lines shouting "Hell and were repulsed only after savage, bloody fighting. Three- hundred Nazis were taken pris- oner. "There was no question that the Germans were making a major ef- fort to keep Aachen from falling in- to I.t. Gen. Courtney Hodges' hands." wrote AP correspondent Don Whltehead from just outside the city. "The First Army Intends to make an example of this industrial center as a warning to oilier Ger- mnn cities that the same destruc- tion will be carried to them if the Nazis use them ns fortresses." Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's Third Army troops were disclosed to have abandoned their 10-day brittle for Fort Driant, medieval bastion guarding the French city of Metz. The Weather t' S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER ATIILEN'K AND VICINll V: Partly rlmidy Tuesday ami Wrtlnrirtay. WEST TEXAS: cloudy Tues- day and I-AST TEXAS: Partly Hnudy Tues- day and Wrdnr.wday: In lower Rio Grande valley Wrrinmdiy. TEMPERATURES Mon. Sun. Mnn. Sun. A.M. HOUR P.M. .11 .1.1 (13 1 78 v.t IK IB 77 7c! 71 7'J Ci fl.1 111! tilth anrf low temperatures to am! .It. Illffli "i Ins I year: and Kimi-el (ant nljrhC: Ttfii. Sunrise tliln morning: "ill. Sunset lonltlit; Nip Losses 100 Aircraft V. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Pear! Harbor, Oct. planes of the Pacific fleet are still striking at the rich Japanese targets on Luzon island in the Philippines, Adra. Chester W. Nimitz announced tonight. Far from being driven away, as the Japanese have claimed, the Third Fleet is opening: the second week of the most sustained car- rier attacks yet launched upon the inner island approaches to Japan. The week has cost the Japanes? 145 ships sunk or damaged and from 105 to 720 planes put out of commission. Nimitz in previous communiques said American losses have been light. U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Oct. 1C carrier planes of the Third Fleet sweep- ing across Luzon in two new raids a day apart, shot down or destroyed on the ground more than 100 Japanese aircraft as the great aerial assault upon the Philippines and Islands to the north went into its seventh day. Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, Pacific fleet commander, an- nounced in a noon communique (Honolulu time) that fight- er aircraft raided Aparri, on the north coast of Luzon, Friday and on Sunday attacked airfields in the Manila bay area, 200 miles southward. The Japanese air force, stung into desperate action, at- tacked with the greatest vigor it has shown in many months, but at terrible cost: In one battle alone the American carrier planes shot down all but 10 or 20 of one Intercepting force Tokyo Unhappy Over Reception Of Its'Victory" SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. Radio Tokyo complained tonight that American and British news gathering organizations were ig- noring the Japanese claims of a great victory over American task forces operating in the Formosa area, "The Associated Press and the United Press and the British Reu- ters agency have assumed an atti- tude as If nothing had said the propaganda broadcast beamed.to Japanese occupied terri- tory in China, and..the southwest Pacific. Asserting that Japanese naval air forces have achieved "brilliant war results" in the Formosa area, the broadcast claimed that the "only thing" release so far by the American and British organizations has been a communique from Adm. Chester W. Nimitz on Oct. 15 say- Ing air forces were engaged in bat- tle. "They have not mentioned a word about the Japanese Imperial head- quarters, announcement." it contin- ued, "although it is their rule to make thorough pi'ess comments on the Imperial headquarters com- munique, whether favorable for them or not." American and British newspapers and their readers, kept fully in- formed of the Formosa action and the puffcd-up claims broadcast from Japan, apparently are several jumps ahead of the Tokyo radio. Ban tiffed WASHINGTAON, Oct. The United States took step toward restoring a the first pre-war commercial relationship with Italy today by liftin against business the rcstricticn communications with tiie liberated portion of tliat country. Lot- of Packages DALLAS, Oct. UP) residents have mailed Christmas parcels for overseas ser- vice men and women. Some packages eight carloads are awaiting shipment. of 50 Japanese fighters. There was no announcement of American air losses. Nimitz said "only superficial damage was dons to our surface ships" In the Manila bay area raids Suntiaj. There still was no word herr that any unit of the Japanese fleet had put in an appearance as had been indicated In Nip- pon radio reports. Third Fleet units, worktng un- der radio silence, probably still are lurking In enemy waters trying to draw Japanese war- ships 'Into battle. Meanwhile the carriers and escorting shfps have been busily oc- cupied fighting off the unusually determined Japanese .air Carrier fighters raiding Aparri Friday found no enemy planes In the sir, and only a few twin engine and three single engine aircraft on the ground. Five parked planes were destroyed by strafing. On Sunday a' large lorce or car- riei planes attacked Nichols, Niel- son and Marlvales airfields in the Manila area and destroyed 15 to 20 planes on the ground. It was this force thai was intercepted by an estimated 50 enemy fighters. Thirty or 40 of the Japanese planes wtre shot down. While the Manila raids wcro under way Japanese airplanes persistently attacked one car- rier task, group. They managed to inflict superficial damage on some of the surface ships, Thirty of them were shot Into the water, however, by the carriers and their escorting ships and by carrier planes. Near another fleet unit nine more Japanese planes were shot down. Other units, which may have seen even sharper air action, have yet to report. Nimitz also reported that Libera- tors dropped 45 tons of bombs on Japanese Installations at low Jima. in the Knzan islands south of Jap- an. Mitchell medium bombers at- tacked Paramushlro In the .north- ern Kurilcs Saturday. Eight Japanese planes, attacking with phosphorous vigorously contested the slash at Iwo, one of by the raiding Yanks and three others them probably was shot down damaged, without loss to the Amerl- Sce PACIFIC, Page 5, Col. 3 YANKS ADVANCE TOWARD CENTER OF AACIIEN- I'nst n dead German American infantrymen n (lolivis-hordered street in Aachen Oct. 15 to- wnnl (lie ccnlcr of the ruined German city. (AP Wircphoto via signal corps
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