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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 15, 1944, Abilene, Texas UNITED WAR CHEST Sbflene Importer rrtj'-v SUNDAY "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXIV, NO. 119 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER'15, 1944 -THirTFOUR PAGES IN THRFF mini i f uun KAULb 11N IMKhh. SECTIONS Associated Press (AP) United Press (U.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Follow Up Naval Blows With Heavyfoid on Formosa YANKSTDEEP INSIDE AACHEN four of Big Are .'Unreporfed' By The Associated Press America's Superfortresses of the air threw heavy bomb loads info the battle of For- Saturday, blasting a vital war target on the heels of sustained attacks in that region by great waves of car- rier-based planes. An Army communique disclosed "hst the B-29s, flyiiu; In greater force than ever before, took off from bases in China and bombed the important Japanese airplane repair and supply base at Okayama, southwestern Formosa. 4) Early reports from the Super- fortress crewmen indicated the at- tack was successful. The 20th air- foice reported four of the Super- fortresses "are unreported- at this time." The communique added that of the planes were expected "o turn up later at friendly bases. Okayama was described by the 20th bomber command as "the most Important air tar- get south. of Japan proper." indications are that the Japan- ese were using thu Okayama depot for the repair of planes, as an air supply base and an orsenal for work on blf naval. guns. The depot has great.stor- age facilities. Tokyo, fearing that the western aerial smashes are the pre- lude to a Philippines invasion and possible landings on Formosa and in the, Ryukyu islands, said 100 Superfortresses participated in the attack after twp morning raids by carrier planes. There was no "American confirmation of these two carrier raids. Give to your community WAR FUND Crack Enemy Relief Troops Badly Mauled LONDON, Oct. U. S. troops converged from three directions tonight on the lieart of Aachen, which at least for the moment was left to its fate by German relief columns so badly mauled out- side the stricken'city that for 24 hours they have been un- able to muster a counter- attack. From the northeast, the east and the southeast, the infantry dug the dwindling German garrison from houses and cellars, moving slowly through the rubble to'hold down RAF 'EARTHQUAKERS' FLATTEN SEAWALLS, SUB PENS RAF has been breaking dams, seawalls, and submarine pens recently with a new-type, earthquake bomb which it described as "undoubtedly the most destructive air weapon ever used." The big weapon combines great penetrative power with a terrific blast effect, the Air ministry said, adding that "no other bomb used in this war, either by ourselves or by the enemy, has had' these two advantages." The blast of cither one makes that of the Nazi flying bomb look like a toy. The new bomb Is three times the size of the original block- busters, one of which is known (o have destroyed at least 30 buildings during an attack on Emdcn. That would mean that under the conditions the "earthquaker" might flatten up to 100 buildings. Scientists estimate that its blast damage covers an area of approxi- mately square yards. j so that 11 will penetrate Into the earth even from moderate altitudes. It carries a delayed action fuse so thai the bomB does not explode until it is inside or under Its target. The head contfVni the heaviest possible charge of "a very powerful explosive." Its extraordinary penetrative power was shown In recent attacks on the submarine pens at Brest. They were among the strongest shelters ever liuilt by man, with concrete 12 feet thick. The new bombs also have been'used with great success In knocking out formidable German long-range weapon sites. One of them dropped on a hillside in Prance buried hundreds of flying bombs the Germans had stored in limestone caves. It took only one to put. the big German battleship Tlrpitz out of action, probably for the duration. They also were used to drain the vital Dortmund-Ems canal, to crumble the sea walls around Walcheren Island off the Dutch coast where the Germans had long-range guns and to smash the Dcmbs dam in southern Prance. .Pacific fleet headquarters re- ported, however, thai the carrier raids of' Wednesday' and Thujrsday Aon Formosa alone cost the Ja'pan- 376 aircraft, 37. .shjns sunk, 14 ships p'ObablyV destroyed, 26 ships damaged, 37 small surface craft sunk or damaged. In four days of carrier aerial strikes, from Monday through the Yank naval fliers vlsKed the Ryukyus, Formosa, the Pescadores and the.Philip- pines. In all, their bombs de- stroyed between 520 and 525 planes, sank or damaged 143 ships, not Including 87 small gl surface craft. The navy said not a single .Amer- ican surface ship was damaged. Forty five U. S. planes were lost. The Japanese claimed the sinking of a half dozen carriers and four jpther warships and destruction of planes. Gen. Douglas MacArthur's com munique today told of widspread aerial operations in the Southwes Pacific theater. Allied bombers un- Joaded 130 tons of explosives on Am- "oina and Ceram, west of Dutch New Guinea. Ceram airdromes were blasted and strafe while oil See PACIFIC, Pg. 7, Col. 6 "flames Rise Over Formosan Town A By JOHN GROVEiS W A B-29 BASE IN WEST CHINA Oct. rising an es- timated feet over the town of Okayama on Formosa island to- day marked the most successful Superfortress mission to date as .fihe giant B-29's followed a mighty Navy blow to add new wreckage to that major Japanese base. Kcturning pilots jubilantly reported that clouds opened to frame their (argot perfectly for visual bombing hi close-packed groups. A record bomb ton- tiagc battered the target area. "This is only the Beginning' said Gen. Curtis LeMay after the raid. "It was the best show yet." crews said that damage Inflicted by carrier-based Navy planes earlier was clearly evident and were loud in their praise of HALFOF CHEST QUOTA RAISED" Taylor county has raised almost half Its quota In the United War .Chest drive with subscribed by Saturday night. The quota for the county is Saturday was the fifth day of. the campaign. Drive workers are taking their contributions to the WAG shack just south of the post- office building rather than, the West Texas chamber of commerce building. _. Tuscolafjwhjch has a population .of 300, went over the top with its quota ot.SISO in Citizens.bf.Tusoolii raised 5814.23, .-Elttipnv-Kyrby, chairman, reported t Subscriptions-.reported or, Saturday .n.'sJil'. at- the shank amounted to Nineteen .-national organizations and four local organizations i aided by the United War Fund. (Turn to Page 6 for list of contributors.) LONDON, Oct. RAF bombed Ger- many early today with one of the largest night armadas ever seen by coast watchers, hard on the heels of the day- light raids on Duisburg, Cologne and other German cities. British Hold Athens; Belgrade's Fall Near Corfu Taken Demos' Drive Here SPEAKER RAYBURN the Navy bomber crews. The Weather BEPARTMEXT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE ANn VICINITY: Fair Sun prralims. TEXAS: and Monday. Partly rlnudr Su Some hkellhnnd aricrnnon lluiml.r ihon-tra In the rasn arta. nir rniinlry and Tec nllry. tVinllnntd mild. EAST TEXAS: Fair SuniUr. Mond: cloudlncii. Mild lempera In. lure.. fil. Frl. A.M. M IS IMi 50 'fll Jl> TEMPERATURES 7. R. 'X.il fit) .IK ni .........in. 70 7.T 7'i .........12. Illah nnd low Umnn 10 nnd SU...... Sal. Ft T.M. IK 77 74 71) WI ea lo P IlUh low name .V latl nil-Ill: tonight'i" City to Observe 1st Thanksgiving November 11, Armistice Day, which this year will be Snturdny, and 23 will be holi ion, that the schools already have ararngcd to close Nov. 23 "first" (he merchants wlio arc mem- bers of the association will fol- low suit, Nov. 23 is Thanksgiving riny by act of congress and proclamation of the president. Nov. 30 is Thanksgiving day by proclamation of the governor of Texas and by the U. 'ootball schedule. Greeks in Attack ROME, Oct. Qrcck pilots lying RAF Spitfires are partlcipat- ig In the liberation of their home- tind nn Air ministry announcement aid today The Democratic speaking cam- paign in Texas will get underway in Abilene Tuesday, when Speaker Sam Rayburn of the national house of representatives and other party leaders come here for a day of con- ferences and a night rally. The party will arrive here at noon and in flje early afternoon Is to tour Camp Barkeley, re- turning to the city about the middle of the afternoon for meetings nilh leaders of Taylor and other counties of the state. At p.m. a dinner is sched- uled for the Hilton hotel with each >f the state leaders speaking brief- y. Invitations have been extended :o the county leaders, but any per- son desiring to attend may make a -eservatlon by calling the office of S T. Brooks, district executive com- nitteeman. Each person attending the dinner fill pay 51.35 for his plate. Dele- ;ntes from the various counties have iccn urged to bring their wives. Following the dinner the group move to the Abilene high school uditorium for the rally, which will tart at p.m. The address of peaker Rayburn is to be broadcast rom 8 to over the Texas Qual- y network. KRBO, and stations in ubbock, San Angelo and Brown- rood. Mr. Brooks last nifht stressed the fact the rally will last about an hour and a half, with vari- ous persons speaking, while the radio portion of the program wHl last only a half hour. casualties, while long lines of civili- ans streamed from the burning city into the American positions. The U. S. First army could afford to take its tune, for the half-mile wide corridor lead- ing from the city was as good as closed after a few small units were believed to have slipped in last night to swell the garrison to perhaps men. Furthermore the crack .German infantry arid tank .which threw, the British-, out: fji the Arn'r- hem bridgehead, then were'rusheti south to Aacheni lay' bleeding in the fields northeast of the city, numbed -by aerial and artillery bombardment that knocked out more than 80 tanks. The British Second army to the north, moving up its lines toward the Maas river facing Germany midway between Arnhem and Aach- en, hammered out a half-mile gain- south of Overloon. They fought through mire across the bodies of Germans' who refused to yield an inch. Canadians on the seaward flank were under large-scale assault from strong enemy forces who were try- tag to drive them from positions astride the South Beveland cause- way, where dominion troops have cut off escape by land for Germans on the islands in the Schel'de estu- Without Shot Oct. (AP) British and Greek troops, put ashore by the British navy, occupied Athens today, a lit- tle more than three years aft- er they were driven out by German troops at the height of Hitler Balkan conquests, a special communique announc- ed tonight. The nearby port of Piraeus also fell as .British and Greek infantry and some British alr- ary. On (he southern end of the 460-mile front, the German communique said ;he U. S. Seventh army had gone over to the attack in .sironf on a broad front east of Remiremont, 30 miles north of Bclfort. There was no Allied confirma- tion of this, but it was reported officially that the French First army in this area in an advance of about three miles from previously reported positions was ncaring Cornimont, only 11 miles from the vital Schlucht pass through the Vosges to the Rhine. The U. S. Third army cleared the Germa.. from three-fourths of th forest of Parroy, a sore point ea of Nancy from which the Germa have been mounting counterattack but no other changes were rcporte A spokesman for the Gcrmn high command took advantage the lack of important Allied vances to boast tonight that "w shall use the sixth winter of war t turn to the offensive next spring an to carry war back again to Frei There was ho" m'brition of fighting, tending to substantiate earlier un- official that the Germans had pulled out leaving the capital In 'the hands of Greek patriots. The Cairo radio said the Ger- mans had withdrawn from all At- tl-.'R, and that fightinff had broken out at historic Marathon, 14 miles north of Athens. To the west the Greek Island citadel of Corfu, at the entrance to the Adriatic, fortified by the Germans and believed to be strongly defended, surrendered to other British landing forces without a shot bclnir fired. The special communique said the liberation of Athnns facilitated by U. S. warplanes, who plastered the airfields of .southern Greece to hamper enemy evacuation by air. Ciuisers, aircraft carriers and de- CITY BUS SYSTEM SOLD SUBJECT TO PERMIT OK The Abilene-View Bus company and W. O. Kemper, owner and op- erator of the City Service Bus com- pany, Saturday completed a contract "or the sale of the city bus system to the former, if and when a fran- chise suitable to both parties is available. Meantime, It was pointed out, the buses operative In Abilene will remain under the manage- ment of Kcmner and the same equipment will continue to serve the city. Thecuiilnicb wiis signed after the Jfy commission had voiced dlssat- sfaction at transportation condi- lons in Abilene and had called for proposals for setting up a new sys- tem to replace the City Service Bus setup. The Abilene-View Bus com- pany Immediately suggested a pro- gram under which it would begin operations, if and when Kemper ceased to serve the city. Negotia- tions were started to get the firm together for a sale and purchase. Tlie Abilene-View on a prevlou occasion made a tentative offer t buy the Kemper system but did no follow through when its officei found it impossible to reach agreement on a transfer price. The city commission. 10 days ag announced it would take dcfinit action on the local bus .system ,10s but at that time announce Kemper and the 'Abilene'-View off! cials had asked for a three-day post ponemcnt, pending outcome of ne goiiatlbns which were culminate reslerday. It is expected the com mission will meet Monday or Tues day to approve transfer of equip ncnt and to work out terms of ranchisc for Abilene-View. Friday O. B. Fielder, former own- r of the City Service Bus company iad nsked permission to resume op- rationa here. "The issues of the day and of this campaign will be forcefully pre- he commented. "It will be in opportunity for citizens of West See Pg. 7, Col. J Design Picked for 36tb's Memorial TEMPLE, Oct. Dow, Houston architect, today wa announced winner of the 36th d] vision memorial prize competition design, which won a prize o was selected from 35 en tered by outstanding architects o Texas. Second place and n cash prize went to John Thomas Rathe; anc George W. Rustay. ot Houston DALLAS NEWSPAPER SUPPORTS DEWEY FOR WHITE HOUSE JOB DALLAS, Oct. 14 Dallas Morning Mows, in an editorial, ceme out tonight in support of Thomas E. Dcwey Kepubncan nominee for President. Tho editorial, headed "We Choose Mr. closed with m the very nature of the Democratic progress there must Mr. Roosevelt once said-an occasional New JCE.I. We need one today." The News, independent Democratic, supported Roosevelt or.his first and second terms, and was non-commilal on the third term. stroyers of the British Mediterran- ean fleet, including units of the Greek navy, also cleared the way by scourging the islands of the Aegean sea. The Cairo radio said the mor- ale of the Germans, beginning the liio-mlle trek northward to Salonika along the roads over which they sprtl so confident- ly In the spring of 1841, had been broken. (The Ankara radio snid the Sevtnlh Bulgarian division had be- ijun the evacuation of Greek Thrace and Macedonia under terms of the Bulgarian armistice with Soviet1 Russia. It quoted a dispatch from Sofia, and added thai the with- drawal probably would be finished within ten days.) ENGINEER MISSING AFTER id RAID, FISHER PARENTS LEARN LONGWORTH, Oct Sgt. J. w. (Billy) Barkley, 22, eiifil' necr on a B-24 of the 15th Air Force, Italy, has been missing in Germany Captures First U. 5. General WASHINGTON, Oct. The War department disclosed to- day that Brigadier General Arthur W. Vanaman of Millville, N. J., has been captured, the first American general officer to become a prisoner of Germany. General Vanaman's Internment In lermany was disclosed in nn an- nouncement of an award to him of he Legion of Merit for prior scrv- ce in this country as commander of the Oklahoma City air service com- mand. First reported missing In action ivcr Germany last June 27 while icting as nn observer on an aerial omblng mission, Vanamau was as- ertained on Sept. 16 to be a pris- ncr of war In Germany, the dc- lartmcnt said. sor j BAKKLEY action since September 22, the war department has notified his par- ents, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Barkley of this Fisher county community. Sergeant Barkley hml cmn- plctnl lib ICIh mission on Sep- tember 15, dale of his last let- ter home. N'o nlhcr details ivcre given ihc parents. An only child. Sergeant Barkley was born near Snycfer, Nov. 20, 1921, and attended Snycler schools. In 1038 ho enlisted In the C.C.C. and was .stationed at Lame-sa. The fol- lowing year his parents bought the farm they still own here, and which was partly paid for by the son's earnings while with Ihc C.CC. He remained nt lAmcsn tor 20 months, and later took a couive nt a Dallas Tonautical school, upon complc- ,ion ot which he worked for Conpol- Idntcd in San Dlcgo from January. 1942, until about two years ago when he returned to Fisher county end bought a farm near that of his pnrcnl.s. He enlisted Oct. 27, 1343, and had saved enough money to complete payments on his farm. His parents have stocked the farm fine cattle and fed confident that he will eventually return to operate H. Sergeant. Barkley was sent to Italy about August 1. Sfreef Baffle Rages in City LONDON, Oct. Russian and Yugoslav Parti- san units broke into the Yugo- slav capital of Belgrade today' and began fighting in tha streets against a doomed Ger- man garrison whose com- mander and staff. fled, Mar- shal Tito's headquarters an- nounced tonight. The fall of the old fortress city was expected short- ly as the Allies quickened their swift clean-up of GermanVJs collapsed Balkan structure. Ber- lin acknowledged Hie Russians had reached the city with "strong motorized forces." Moscow said Russian troops had cached Belgrade's outskirts, ap- mrently allowing the Yugoslavs tha lonor of being the first to announca lajor developments inside the capl- il. Kumodrnz, on the edge of Top- icier park, which Is on the southern dc of Belgrade, .was among tho ftigoslav localities swept up, tiia ussian communique said. A Bulgarian communique also announced the fall of Nis, key Junction on (lie llclgracle-Athcns and Belgrade-Sofia railways 128 miles southeast of the Yugo- slav capital. Yugoslav Parti- sans combined with Bulu.irian units under General Stanl- chcv in tile liberation or that town, Sofia announced. Many prisoners and much booty was scircd, it said. South of fallen Riea 'n Latvia tho ussians captured 10 localities, the illetin said, including the nil! sta- on of Balozl, four miles Mow th? atvian capital and Plnknniesi, nine lies outside the city. German, oops were lighting a savage de- yiiiR action as (he Russians press- ed them westward into the encircling arms of oilier Soviet troops that have .sealed oil northwestern Latvia. Although tile Russians were re- ported battering at the approaches to Mcmci and Tilsit in German East Prussia, Moscow was silent about Innri operations on that front. Ber- lin said tile situation had eased somewhat. FDR Gains in Texas Latest Gallop Poll figures show the up in Texas ns follows: TODAY'S SURVEY Roosevelt ........74 SEPTEMBER SURVEY Roosevelt ........72% Dewcy...........28 (Sec Survey on 2) FISHER TANKER KILLED IN ACIION ON FRENCH FRON1 ROTAN. Oct. 14. (Spl.) Egt. Clyde B. Yarhorough. 25, tank com- mander on duty In France AitEiu.st 1, was killed in action September 8. according to n war department mes- sage to his brother. L. II. Yar- bnrnugh of the Mt. View community, norlh of here. The brother Inter received a let- er of condolence from officers nnd 'iillsicr! men of Sergeant Ynr- wrouqh's battnllon hut the latter no details ol his brother's Icnlh. Sergtrant Ynrhorough was a vet- eran of Initial landings In North Africa, Sicily, Italy and Southern France. Aljout two weeks before he was killed ne hnd sent his brother Mil his battlefield relics, bill., fold, key ring nnd other small per- sonal possessions'. He said the go- ing was rough In France nnd that he Ml he hart push his luck loo far to Inst. He hnd r.ivcr hern "'oiinrlcd In nil Ma other Sergeant Yarborougli, operated a 75 mm. gun on ft 30-ton tank. He CI.VDK K. YAItnOUOUGH wrote nboui six months ngo. thai lie WPS the only survivor of n tank Sec VARIIOROUGII, Tf. 7, Col. 4 Hungary Peace Move Reported LONDON, Oct.. The An- kara radio, without confirmation from other sources, said tonight- that n Hungarian delegation had loft, for Moscow to ask for peace, and said a Bulgarian armistice delo- jation also was on Its way to the Russian capital. Tlie Moscow radio salt! the German legation staff already had fled Budapest, Hungarian capita] which appeared open invasion by the Kc.A army, and that disorders were bceominff widespread. Mo.scow dispatches hinted that tho political situation in Hungary WM nppi'Gfichhig a showdown and com- pared the situation to that In Italy in September, 1943, when the Allies concealed an armistice with the Italian government nearly a week in the hope of springing a trap on the Germans. Moscow announced Wednesday night thiH Bulgaria had accepted preliminary armistice conditions, including the evacuation of .seized Greek and Yugoslav territories. Road to Berlin By THE ASSOCIATED FRBSS 1. Western Front; 302 miles (from west of Durent. 2. Russian Front: 3iO miles (from 3.. Italian Front; 560 mtlcs( Irons
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