Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 3, 1944, Abilene, Texas "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXIV, NO. 107 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 3, 1944 PAGES Associated Press (AP) Vnited Prefs FIVE CENTS New Front Drive Nets Nazi Balkan Escape Road Is Kdcky Pincers of Allied Adriatic inva- sion and Red Army drive across Bulgaria traps estimated Germans in lower Balkans. Allied push across Greek pen- insula to Aegean Sea can trap five Nax! divisions in Greece. Youth Is Located at Center Park Abilene's Youth Recreation cen- ter wUl be located in the Women's building at Fair Park and plans for remodeling and furnishing the buiMing are to begin immediately, Alrich Gray, chairman of the recre- atic-i center ccmmittee, announced at a meeting attended by adult and student members of the committee at the West Texas utilities building last night. "Abilene Parks and Recreation board has granted our request for the building and we can move in at any time. Rent will be per month, to begin when we move in. It was announced earlier that a building on South First had been selected as the location. However. our lease on that building has been Gray said. A drive to solicit funds from Abi- lenians for the maintenance of such a center will be launched immedi- ately following the close of the United War Chest drive. Plans for the opening of a youth recreation center have been dis- cussed since early last spring. The center Is only one phase of the Youth Recreational program for Abilene. Other phases, such as re- habilitation, outdoor recreation and education, are under consideration by the central committee, headed by R. M. Fielder. Gray announced that all sub-com- mittees will meet sometime this week for the purpose of putting their plans into operation. The youth recreation center committee will meet next Monday night at 8 o'clock at the Women's building to complete arrangements for opening of the center as soon as possible. It was further decided last-night that a woman director of the center will be sought immediately. "Salary for sucli a director has not been determined yet. She will probably work a 54-hour week; from p.m. to 10 p.m. on week nights, from p.m. to 12 p.m. on Friday, p.m.'to midnight on Saturday Sec YOUTH CENTER, Pg. 3, Col. 7 ALLIED INVASION OF ALBANIA and Yugoslavia added just about the last hail- stones in the storm of woe drenching Germans in the lower Balkan peninsula. Map above shows how they arc caught between Allied pincers from both sides, to say nothing of being constantly raided by strong guerrilla units. With realroads bombed out, their only escape routes are along the narrow, rough mountain roads. Attempt to escape by sea risky. Salonika, escape port both for Germans attempting to run northward and those fleeing .south from Bulgaria is under constant bombardment'by the Allies' Balkan Air Force. Units Drive 'On Belgrade LONDON, Tuesday, Oct. 3 Tito's head- quarters announced last night that units of the Yugoslav 14th Partisan corps had linked up with Russian troops in a con- f. verging drive on Belgrade, and 'were fighting on the ap- proaches to the German stronghold of Donji Milano- vac, Danube river village 80 miles southeast of the capital. ft Other Partisan units were reported battling German and puppet troops within 18 miles of Belgrade on the south and 55 miles on the .southwest, .ft Struggling against'fierce German resistance and the imminence ol heavy autumn rains, the combined forces under Marshals Rodion Y. Malinovsky and Tito were threat- ening the reconquest of big Ger- man-worked copper and coal mines a 40-mile area, between Donji Mil- anovac and Zajcear to the south. At Donji Milanovac they were, on- ly 10 miles northeast of the Maj- danpek copper mines and 25 miles north of the larger Bor mines, for- yi merely operated by the French. So- troops attacxing from tlie east and southeast were within 12 miles of Bor, whose mines before the war produced most of Yugoslavia's metric tons. I'ourteen miles southeast nf Bor the Russians were atacking jnst outside Zajecar, a rail junc- tion serving the copper and coal fields in Ihe surrounding area. Sunday advance Soviet spearheads bad fought their tl way to a less than two miles from Zajcrar with the seizure7 of Vrazogrnac. On the middle of the irregular front Berlin admitted iU troops had withdrawn westward into ti.e abandoning their posi- tions nraund the rail town of Ne- eotin. Berlin said the Russians had more 'than troops inside Yugo- slavia, and had that many more See SOVIETS, Vs. 3, Col. 3 ABILENE, OTHER TEXAS BANKS HAVE RUSH OF BOND CASHING California Rocker VENICE, n moment Charles R. Mlnore won- dered whether Indians had return- ed from the history books to mo- the settlers. Sticking in his door like an arrow was a non-ex- plosive bazooka rocket, fired In practice. Abilene banks, along with others in Texas, got a big rush Monday as the new system of simplified bond redemption was inaugurated. Nearly 600 bonds were casneti uur- ing the day at the Citizens National bank, its brancn at Carnp Barkeley and at the F. M. National bank. Malcolm Meek, president of the Citizens, said more bond.s were cash- ed at that bank than were certified for cashing in any single month in the past. "We had two tellers doins noili- ing Mr. Meek said. Members of the War finance com- mittee in Taylor county expressed "alarm" over the number of per- sons cashing bonds here. The treasury department, in com- menting on the regulation which makes it possible for immediate cash payment on serials A. B. C. D and E savings bonds, asked the public not to redeem any bond before its ma- turity date unless real personal emergency renuired such action. Over the state lines formed at banks as holders of war bonds cashed' them in. In Dallas special windows were, set up in banks to accommodate the rush. Denison banks were re- ported swamped as more than 500 bonds were presented for payment. At Wichita Falls the rush was comparable. H. I. Schlader. presi- dent of an Edinburg bank, said the bond redemption business dur- ing the day was 4CO per cent over normal. Between and in war bends were cashed at the P'irst National bank in HarlinRcn, a increase over previous con- versions. All banks nt Corpus Christl reported a heavy in of bonds. A 20 per cent in- crease was noted at Waco. Eonds cashed in Beaumont totalled 025. Under the new system. Series E war bonds and series A, B, C and D savings bonds sold from 1935 to 1S41 may be turned Into cash im- mediately upon being presented at banks by (heir owners or co-own- ers. In the past, redemptions were handled through the mails by fed- eral reserve banks. At Dallas, Nathan Adftms, bank- 'er and slate chairman of the war finance committee, said: "Natur- ally, we. expected some redemption of bonds on the first day of the new plan. But we are expecting every patriotic war bond holder to keep the bonds until maturity. Those bonds represent a part in this war, a wedge for victory. Only in the cases where the direst ne- cessity demands should bonds be cashed. We want to keep our dol- lars working for eventual and that's a painless thing to ask a civilian." At Amarillo, bonds cashed totaled approximately all in small denominations. Bonds amounting to S26.242 were cashed by I.ubbock residents.under the new plan and cashiers reported the 679 individuals who cashed them gave various reasons, in an apologetic tone, for so doing. Most holders saia there was illness in the family and one man said, "1 need a new set of teeth." Treasury Officials Not Much Worried WASHINGTON, Oct. der Secretary Daniel W. Bell of the teaasury said today that rush busi- ness in cashing of war bonds at seme banks probably resulted from a "back-Ing" of persons who normally would have cashed their bonds last week but waited for simplified pro- cedure put into effect today. He said the treasury had received "no alarming reports." Under the new procedure holders of serials A, B, C, D nnri E savings bonds may cash them directly at banks, without waiting a or two to get their money from tlie treasury by mail. Tiie reports ot heavy bond cashing came from Missouri where one bank in Kansas City opened with bondholders in line and found it necessary, en account of interfer- ence with regular business, to re- strict bond cashing to regular cus- tomers and bondholders personally Bell said there probably will be a slight increase in redemptions for a week or two and then they will level off lo the usual rate. 19 PLEAD GUIL1Y IN FEDERAL COURT; MOSE SIMMS ASSESSED FINE OF1 Nineteen non-jury criminal cases were disposed of and the civil docket was set Monday in a busy opening day of the United States district court the northern dis- trict of Texas 'in Abilene, Judge T. Wiiitfield Davidson, presiding. J. C. (Mose) Simms, former foot- ball coach at St. JJary'3 in San An- tonio, was fined in one of the several' OPA cases heard. Simms pleaded guilty to. two of four counts lodged against him charging unlaw- ful auto tire transactions and the other two counts were dismissed. Information presented the court by District Attorney Clyde O. Eastus and OPA Attorney Frank Taylor alleced that Simms falsely stated to the Taylor county War Price and Rationing board that he was em- plos'ed by United- Aircraft Sen-ice corporation of Hartford, Conn., and that he was eft route to Seattle, Wash., to begin work with a plant manufacturing B-29's and that with Two Slain in Altercation On Coleman County Farm Oct. (Spl.) p. Evans, 60, and his daughter-in- law, Mrs. Pauline, Evans, about 31 "were dead and Mrs..W.-D. Evans was hospitalized at Santa Anna for treatment of cuts about the throat following an altercation at a farm home in the Buffalo school com- munity on the Coleman-Brown county line this afternoon. Both Evans and his daughter-in- law died of bullet wounds from a Army Extending Pilot Training Oct. 2- Army Airforces announced late to- day that the undergraduate train- ing periods for pilots is being ex- tended by five weeks because the army now lias a sufficient reserve of trained pilots to meet current requirements. The normal training period is 40 weeks. The order, effective Oct. Ifi, will postpone graduation ceremonies for current classes of advanced students who were to receive their wings and appointments as flight officers or second lieutenants on that date. They will be retained in training until Nov. 20. Priesfs Bothered SANTA PE, N. M., Oct. Unexpected hazards developed for Franciscan priests who wore col- IccUne gifts of used clothing for European .sufferers. One inadvertently picked up a baj; of luundry and an irate house- wife gave chase, .shouting "stop, (The priest was clad in overalls.) Another outran a vicious dog, thereby saving some refugee a pair of trousers. "If I'd lost, an exchange might have beer, necessary on the he observed. Dallas Man Heads Surgical Society GALVESTON. Oct. Sam Weaver of Dallas was elected president of the Surgical so- ciety at a business session of the group today. The society is holding a two day session in Galvrston, with scientific and clinical sessions scheduled at the University of Tex- as school of medicine. New members rlrrtrri to mrmbcr- included Dr. Earn Dunn of Lub- jock. Fort Worth was selectnci for the xt meeting of the association In April. 7he mcctlnjr attracted approxi- mately 100 prominent .sv.rgeons of the state. The Weather I'. S. WEATHER Tint i: All or AltlLENE AND VIC1MTV: Partly WEST TEXAS: Clouiiv with occa- <.inn.il licht In Panhandle and Sou Hi IMslr.v partly rlnnriy RlKtwhere Tuesday: Wrdnrsdny partly rlondy anrf sliclilly warmer In Panhandle and .South Plains. IMST TEXAS: I'arllv cloudy and rnnlinniMl M.irnt In south and cciilrnl inally with xtrn nrlh partly dourly TEMPERATURES A.M. HOUR Midi 1 nn'i .1 iilchl: .32 caliber automatic pistol, Sheriff George Robey of Coleman declar- ed. The'shooting occurred at the ho.'-ie of the dead woman and. her Evans. Sheriff Robey said that Sirs. W. D. Evans was taken to the Sealj hospital at Santa' Anna for treat- ment cuts which he asserted were self-inflicted. The sheriff said she is expected to recover unless complications arise. The sheriff and Justice of the Peace Bt relay Martin Sr. investi- gated the trouble. Sheriff Robey salt! charges iike- ly will be filed Tuesday. W. D. Evans nnd his wife were principals in a divorce suit prop- erty division action in 35th dis- trict court in Brownwood last week. The bodies were taken to Brownwood where funeral plnns are to be announced. JAPAN MAY HAVE HAD EARTHQUAKE PASADENA, Calif., ucl. at the California Institute of Technology report- ed totlay two strong earthquakes about miles distant, ant! said "they might have been in Japan." The quakes, recorded at and p.m. (CWT) seis- mologists said, were strong enough to cause heavy rlamagft if they occurred in a populated region. They were unable as yet to specify exact direction. Humble Oi! Case Before Court Today ATLANTA, Oct. 2 I..PI Till! United States circuit court, of ap- icals will coasidcr tcmorrow appli- cation of the Humble Oil ami Re- ining company to have set aside nil order oj U. S. Circuit Judge Edwin I. Holmes suspending a preliminary njur.ction granted on Sept. 21 In a case involving the eighth regional war labor board and others. The original case involved flic question of maintenance cf member- ship In a contract between the com- pany and the Oil Workers Inter- national Union, Local (CIOi. The first district court, Dallas, granted n preliminary injunction against the labor hoard, and the abor hoard asked that it br sus- pended pending appeal. This was done under the order issued by Judge Holmes. The nil company hen asked the appeals ccurt to va- cate the suspension order. these statements he received cer- tificates to purchase two grade three auto tires. The government further alleged he obtained from Firestone .stores in Abilene two grade one tires without surrendering ration certificates. The offense occurcd Aug.'9 and Simms was apprehended shortly thereafter In wirjijta Falls. Taylor contended that investiga- tion proved Simms had not been in thr. employ of the Hartford com- pany for some time and that of- ficials of the bomber plant in Seat- tie had said they had not agreed to employ him. Taylor also alleged Simms had applied for and received special gasoline rations In San An- tonia and In Fort Worth to make the trip west. Siiiims. who was represented by Attorney E. T. Brooks pleaded guilty to offenses involving auto tires hers but ciuclared he si.Hl had some connection with the Hartford concern, and had: left their actual employ only because of ill health. "He from the company to bear out his contention. He told the court his arrangements with the Seattle firm were by tele- phone, not in writing, with one of tlie officials and thnt he wns at- tempting to get certain vision de- fects waived so that he might be accepted by them. He told the court he had since re- turned (lie tires here and the un- used gasoline coupons to San An- tonio and Fort Worth. traced his career briefly, felling of his being a former dcnt at Hardin-Simmons and of his seven years of coaching at St. Miles First Army Smashes ing for Cologne SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION. AIIY FORCE, Tuesday, Oct. U. S. First army, loosing a powerful drive under an carlli-shaking barrage of bombs and shells, smashed two miles into (he Siegfried line on H new front yesterday, and a furious battle raged last night as the Germans fought from pillboxes barring the way to (he Kliinclaml. Infantry with bayonets, tanks and mobile guns hurdled the tiny Wurm river north of the frontier fortress of Aachen and fought info Germany a six-mile front, advancing be- hind an artillery barrage paced by 10-inch howitzers planted along the frontier almost three weeks ago. Lt. Gen. Courtney N. Hodges' battle-wise veterans jump- ed off after the first of 500 medium and fighter-bombers came hammering out of the clouds .upon the startled Ger- mans, shattering a comparative lull of two weeks while .the First Army mustered strength for the blow. The bombers wiped from the map two German 'villages, Merkstein, a mile inside Germany, and Palenberg, four miles north, both in the path of the big push, which may be aim- ed at the enemy's fifth largest city, Cologne, 35 miles east of the crossings, or Dusseldorf to the north, standing at the gate to the Ruhr industrial valley. Another drive appeared to be gathering some 30 miles north of this fighting, where Allied forces pushed southeast eight miles from Deurmc ta the Dutch town of Meijel, only 10 miles from Roermond, where a good bridge spans the Maas Finns Capture Tornea Garrison; Germans Fleeing STOCKHOLM, Oct. Swedish newspaper reports from the Finnish border tonight said Ger- man troops were fleeing north of Tornea after FHmish troops had captured the German garrison in the border town. A dispatch from across the Swedish-Finnish border Irom estimated Ger- mans wore routed by thn Finns who surprised the Nazis slipping through their defense Saturday night and attacking the garrison early Sunday. The Finnish communique made no mention nf the fall of the town but declared Finnish and German forces had been engaged in battle In Tornea since yesterday morn- ing. The border dispatch said the Ger- mans hart attempted to hold out until reinforcements could arrive from Nazi stronghold lit Kemt on the Gulf of Bothnia several miles south of Tnrnen. but the Finns cut Uic ro.vl end bent off the relief column. Mary's. He was unable to enter mill-j "feXCIS in the tary service, he .said, and had pone into aircraft work first under civil service and later with private com- panies. "I have 38 former football play- ers now in service of their coun- he said, "and I have tried to do all I could to back them up." Fine was on the first count. Sen- tence was withheld on the second. Two men. both of whom declar- ed themselves to he Jehovah Wit- nesses, pleaflrri guilty to charges of violation of selective service orders and both wore found guilty by judge Davidson. Miguel Diifiue of near Trent was sentenced to 18 months In the fed- em] instKnlinn at Texark.'Dj.'i on a charge of failure to report to Board 2. Abilene. Garnice Lind- Sec FEDERAL COURT 3. Cnl. 4 Week Proclaimed NEW ORLEANS. Oct. 2 fjB! Johnny Heath, former staff member in the Now Orleans bureau oi the Assoclattcd Press, lias been reported missing in action in the Pacific, ills father, Attorney Ed- ward M. Heath, here was informed by the Navy department. READ TO BERLIN By The Associated Press. 'western Front: 305 ifrcm of Klevci. Russian Front: 310 miles (from Italian Front: 570 miles (from smith nf FRONT Former AP Writer Missing in Action AUSTIN, Oct. Coke R. Stevenson has proclaimed i Nov. 13 to 20 as Texas III the War Week honoring a group of news issoclalion, newspaper and pcriod- cal writers who will tour Texas awr ndustrlcs during the week. (Meuse) river on the road to Ger- many. The Americans also thcew tv.'o other punches at the Germans. One was at Havert just iaside the Reich, 12 miles northwes: of this fighting, and tlie other at Overloon, in Hol- land just south cf British positions on the west bank of the Maas. The Germans again struck back with flame-throwing counterattacks, striking at Berg, 24 miles southeast of Aachen, The focal point of fighting was_ bctwecijf.llbarh and Herzo- (fcnrath, nine and five miles re- spectively north of Aachen. They were about four miles froiii ii'ic main hlchway to Ju- a mart junction 22 miles front Dusseldorf and an equal distance from Cologne. This was the largest of three main attacks which Hodges leveled at the enemy on a 50-mile front extending northward into Holland, where the British were poised in positicx strike at the Siegfried line's nor- thern terminal at Kleve, It was (he biggest air since the July breakthrough St. Lo which destroyed German military power in most of France. Thousands of Dutch, Belgian and German vil- lagers came out to wTatch the awe- some aerial armada cross the cloud- flecked sky. i The first plummeted into the green German pasturelands and forests at 9 a.m., and then 10-inch guns of one of the heaviest Ameri- can artillery ccncentrations ever put on to any battlefield opened up a barrage that made the earth tremble for miles. Patrols also had been out dur- ing the night knocking off the from which the Ger- mans coult! nppose the crossing" at (lie small Wurm river, but ricsmtc all this, strong German forces survived the cycling of explosives dumped upon their positions. After tlie doughboys had stormed ilirouiih the iirst shocked and siunned defenders they struck hravy artillery, mortar and small arns fire from pillboxes. Supreme headquarters cautiohcil correspondents not to expect a quick breakthrough. The entire 460-mile front showed signs cf restlessness, and indications were iliat soon the furious fighting would spread. The British moved up assault lines or, r.n 16-mile front, in Holland after smashing back two vicious counter- blows aimed at their narrow Nijme- gen corridor. moved out memcingly to- Sre FRANCE, Pg. 3, Col. 3 "Arc you seeking a company of Infantry, mon Destroyer to Honor Texas Pacific Hero ORANGE, Oct. de- stroyer bearing the name of a Texas Congressional Medal of Hon- or winner. William D. Hawkins, V. S. Marine Corps of El Paso, will lie laimrJied here Oct. 7 at Consolidated Steel cot position's ihiplrjiMiBK division, the Eighth Naval District announced today. His mother. Mrs. Clara Jane Hawkins, El Paso, will sponsor the vessel honoring the Texan who was killed Nov. 21. 1943, in the nt- lack on Betio island during they Tarawa assault. An air strip oy Bctio was named In his honor, Mrs. Hawkins received President Roosevelt last Aug. the White House tlie al Medal of Honor posthun awarded her son.