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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 26, 1944, Abilene, Texas gfoilene Sorter LXIV, NO. 100 A TEXAS NEWSPAPEH WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 26, 1G14 -TWELVE PAGES prat (V.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Nippon Fleet Hit So Hard It's Hiding WASHINGTON, Sept. 25 .flta _ American troops have counted Japanese dead on Pcleliu and- Angaur Islands through yesterday, the Navy re- ported tonijht, and "heavy fighting continues" on Peleliu. A Pacific fleet communique Wsaid that action in these Pa- laus Islands on the Far Pacific found units of the First Ma- rine division making "substan- tial progress In a northerly, di- rection along the western end" (gof Pcleliu. By The Associated Press The American naval air arm from Adm. William F. Hul sey's Third fleet in three lightening blitz-raids over a period of three weeks batter ed the defending Japanesf fleet and airforces so badl; they have gone in hiding from .ihe hard hitting raiders. third raid, extending i Sept 20 and, 21 (U. S. san! or damaged 8S Japanese vessels, 17 smaller craft and two floating docks; destroyed 357 planes and damaged 48 more. American losse. given as 11 planes, 10 pilots and five crewmen in the two-day assault. The communique from Pac- ific fleet headquarters said there was "no loss or damage to any bl our surface ships.'1 Tokyo radio said the carrier- Abased fighters and bombers re- turned Sunday, Manila time, (Sal. U. S. time) lashing Cebu and Legaspl In the southern Is- lands. Fleet headquarters has not confirmed this strike. AIn a spectacular attack on Davao Ttarbor in the Philippines Saturday (Manila time) an American Catalina Flying-boat destroyed a Nipponese seaplane tender and two destroyer eocoiU in a single bomb- tag run, General MacArthur's head- announced. based bombers from the southwest Pacific also sank a ton tanker and damaged a ton freighter In the Dutch Celebes In further neutralizing raids, Am- erican bombers dropped 122 tons o: lijiplnsiyes on Celebes, and .Ceram. .Meanwhile, U. Gen.K Mas. aharu Homma, former mandcr in the Philippines, rial- led upon the Filipinos ''to rise as one to crush American ag- gressors." harbor in the heart of Palau was brazenly shelled by a cruiser from Admiral Halsey's force, while u destroyer teamed with four gunboatts in knocking oul 15 enemy landing craft attempt- ing to reinforce Japanese troops Wh Peleliu Island in the Palau group. The Chinese high command an- nounced bitter fighting in progress all along the southeast China bat- tle front. Japanese forces driving along the railroad dlrect- towarri Kweilin were still halt- ed about 40 miles from their ob- jective. Bombers and fighters from the 14th air force swept over the Chinese battle zones In support of ground troops. Admiral Favors Carving Up Axis WASHINGTON, Sept. Vice Admiral Emory S. Land, chief of America's wartime merchant swung into the capital's raging argument over German peace policy today with an asser- tion the Allies should carve up both German and Japanese foreign trade and divide it among them- selves. Denial of world commerce to the enemy states would mean their end as modern industrial nations. Land made clear, and in advocating such a course he apparently ranged himself alongside Treasury Secre- .Jjary Morgenthau In favoring; the return of Germany specifically to an agricultural state. At the State department Secre- tary Hull gave virtualy official conformation to an Associated Jross story of Saturday night dis- closing a cabinet split on German peace policy. Hull was asked at his news conference for comment on published reports that Secre- tary Stimson and he opposed Mor- genthau's plan to break up Ger- jtjnan industry. In reply he disclosed that It Is a subject of wide open discussion not only among officials here but also among American, British and Russian leaders. ROAD TO BERLIN Nazi Slaves Told To Revolt YANKS IN REICHSWALD indicate where Allied troops on the western front were active Sept. 25. Americans with the British Second Army entered Ger- many ;r. the Beichswald Forest area and British contacted airborne troops in the Arnhem pocket and drove toward Maeseyck. Canadians advanced northeast of Antwerp. U. S. First Army troops continued pressure near Geilenkirchen and had cleared Stolberg. (AP Wirephoto) Reds Virtually Free LONDON, Tuesday, Sept. troops on the'ninth day of their powerful northern offensive yesterday had virtually freed all of Estonia, winning the Baltic seaport of Haapsalu and a 35-miJe strip qf the Gulf of Riga below fallen Parnu as they sped on toward imperilled Riga, Lit- vian capital and Nazi escape bottleneck. The enemy last night held only a thin belt of western Estonia, about 20 to 25 miles wide and 40 miles deep, as well as a few islands off the--------------------------------------- west coast and Marshal Leonid fi j i f f March of Death Soldiers Escape By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Western Front: 305 miles (Frcm j'cst of Klove) (I Russian Front: 310 miles (from Warsaw) Italian Front: of Bologna) 570 (from south Speak NEW YORK, Sept. 25 Clare Boothe IAICC (R-Conn) will make at least eight campaign speeches in bclinlf of the Dewey- Brlckcr ticket, the Republican Mlonal committee announced to- A. Govorov's Leningrad army was expected to overrun that area by today or tomorrow. Germany's fleeing troops had only one evacuation port left to them, Virtsu, and Red army ar- mored columns were bearing down swiftly on it. Soviet planes were bombing and strafing the dlsor- anizcd enemy, and the Red ban- icr fleet was loose in the Baltic sea 'or the first time in three years. Kcd army columns irere with- in 65 miles of Riga nn the north, 56 miles on the northeast, 40 on the east, and last were re- ported-only six miles from the prize citadel on the south. So- viet artillery was pouring shells intn the city. The Moscow bulletin announcing :he Increasing German disaster in Estonia and Latvia, where original- y Germans had attempted o hold off the Russians, also told of the capture of 50 localities In outhern Poland, Including Berehy Gurne, only three miles from the Chechoslovakian frontier But the communique did not con- irm Sunday night's Moscow radio broadcast which quoted" a front dis- patch as saying that Russian troops tracking through Lupkow pass hcd driven 25 miles inside Slovakia and aptured Humenne, half-way to he northern Hungarian frontier. The communique also was silent oncoming Sunday's Romanian an- lounccment that Marshal Ridion Y. falinovsky's Russian and Romanian units had crossed Into pre-war Huiv ary near Szeged, Hungary's second ity. The Russians hold a 60-mile ssault front opposite Hungary's rentier. Climbing the east Bcskld mountains near the Czechoslovak border, Gen. Ivan Pclrov's fourth Ukraine army unils yesterday widened their hold on the approaches to the various passes leading Into Slo- vakia along a 25-mile front. Farther west of these threaten- ed passes the Russians were said to have streamed through the Lupkow and perhaps Dukla pass in their ef- fort to knock Hunsary out of the war. Berlin broadcasts told of "fluctuating fighting" for control oE these passes. To the cast Gen. Ivan Maslennl- kov's third Baltic army had linked up wltli Govorov's forces in the Nula-Tuhalaanc sector a few miles west of Lake Vorts. MeaTiwhtlc Finnish troops somewhere in the wilderness stretching across central Fin- land from Oulii eastward to Hie Russian border were rcporled- Kldrrnhhlnfr w i t h retreating ot the Nazis' Lapland army. EL PASO, Sept. Howard T. Chrisco of Salem, Mo., said today that he. and nine other American soldiers who fought on Bataan and fell prisoner to the Japanese In the Philippines cam- paign had escaped from a Japanese prison camp and had made their way into Allied-held territory. Chrisco said the group escaped from the enemy after they had been transferred to Negros island as a member of a work battalion, A patient In William Beaumont hospital here, Chrisco said he par- ticipated in the infamous "March of in which American and Filipino prisoners died by the scores, en route from Bataan to San Fer- nando prison camp. A member of the 200th coast ar- tillery which suf- fered heavy casualties in the early stages of the war, Chrisco said he spent 15 months in Japanese prison camps. Others who he said escaped with him included Cpl. Floyd Reynolds and Pvt. Ramon Caona, both of New Mexico. The March of Death was first dis- closed by Li. Col. William Edwin Dyess of Albany, who took part in it and escaped from the Japanese in the spring of 1943. His dramatic stock shocked the United Nations. Colonel Dyess was killed last win- ter in a plane crash in California. Nelson May Become Roving Ambassador WASHINGTON, Sept. future as an official roving "busi- nessman ambassador" .seemed like- ly for Donald M. Nelson tonight, but whether this would be coupled with continued active chairmanship of the War Production board re- mained obscure. Nelson, home from China with plans for expanding its wartime in- dustry, was scheduled to report to President Roosevelt tomorrow. Blacklists to Stay WASHINGTON, Sept. The United States and Great Brit- ain announced tonight that black- listing of business firms alleged to be pro-Axis will be continued after victory In Europe In order to penal- tee firm.1! whicli have profited by trading with the Nazis and to cut off funds whliih Nazi leaders might otherwise tue In fleeing Germany. Hour of Action Has Come, Ike Declares SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Tuesday, Sept. of three to four Geraun divisions, smashing repeatedly at the valorous little hand of British paratroopers holding a precarious foothold on the north bank of the Nedcr Rhine, were reported early today to have gained control of one end of the highway bridge at Arnhcm, Holland SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCE, Sept. 25 great battle raged on eastern Holland's aproachcs (o Germany tonight with the enemy hurling elements of three to four divisions against a valorous British band clinging stubbornly to its foothold north of the broad Neder Rhine just west of Arnhem. The British Second Army, throwing a bridgehead across the river barrier, also was under violent attack as it strove to drive up to the beleaguered airborne force which has fought alone for nine days. Its supply lane stretching 50 miles southward was under assault. Still supplies came through, stUI sea-going trucks and assault boats crossed the stream in a hail of shell and macn- inegun fire, and an officer declared "the situation is noi although only a dribble of men and -supplies was reaching the cut-off forces.. Meanwhile, the Allies swung: guns and I roots from Holland Into Ger many at two points some 15 miles of this fighting, driving ahead to within eight miles of the Siegfried line's northern terminal at Kleve keeping up the relentless pressure on the enemy': mor vulnerable north- er" Supreme headquarters joined in with a call to the foreign workers inside the Reich to lake up arms, indicating climactic battles of Kleve the British Second Army was moving out of its Dutch base at Eindhoven on a 13-mile front and advanced elements knifing into Deurne were about 18 miles from the German frontier. Supreme headquarters said Al- lied forces had entered the forest of the Heichswald, which screens the fortress of Kleve DJI the southwest, and front dispatches said these were British troops end tanks. From the edge of the forest at the Dutch border they are eight miles from Kleve. Four or five miles to the north, American sky troopers attached to Planes Hammer Home Warning LONDON, Sept. 25 than American planes, includ- ing nearly Flying Fortresses and Liberators, hammered home Gen. Dwight D. Elsenhower's warn- ing today to foreign -wqrkero- -to leave German" plants or face 'the gravest 'danger. In the month's heaviest attacks on Reich targets, the heavy bomb- ers dropped nearly tons of ripping apart two large freight yards at Frankfurt, Ger- many's tenth largest city; ware- houses and railyards at Coblenz, at ;he confluence of the Rhine Moselle; and railyarris and and synthetic oil-chemical plants at often-bombed Ludwigshafen, farth- er down the Rhine. Nine bombers and three of the leavy escort of fighters were re- ported missing. Late in the day a large force of Ighters heavily attacked German positions in the .Arnhem area in :lose support of the British air- borne division there. The Typhoons poured rocket can- lonfire into the Nazi gun positions, at times firing only 200 yards ahead of the Allied troops, while Mit- chell and Boston bombers blasted fortified factory in Arnhem from which Germans have been firing at our forces. Picking Lags COLLEGE STATION, Sepl. than one-fourth of the cotton hss been picked in 20 cen- .ral Texas counties which now com- irise Texas critical farm labor area, the Texas A. and M. college exten- sion service reported today. Normally the harvest would be WITH THE SEVENTH ARMY IN FRANCE, Sept. ..SS..ttoops have., sealed the '-.Franco German frontier prohibiting further Nazi units on this side of the border from retreating Into Germany, according to Infor- mation gleaned from prisoners captured in the central sector of the front today. The prisoners added that the order applied to officers of all ranks as well as to enlisted men. the British Second Army, seized the Dutch frontier village of Seek and struck into Germany at about the same distance from Kleve. This twin thrust put the Allies about 50 miies nuitliweat of the Ruhr city of Essen, with its great Krupp munitions factories. For the foreign workers at Essen and elsewhere in the in- dustrial Ruhr and Rhlneland and throughout Germany, a spokesman for Gen. Dwight D. Elsenhower sent this electric message: "The hour for action has come." Organized cells, now receiving Al- lied arms, were told to take "im- mediate action according to the ire-arranged plan" to quit war fac- tories, and avoid unorganized re- sistance which would put them the clutches of the gestapo. Apparently unable to seize intact the road and rail bridge across the northern branch of the Rhine Arnhem, the British brought up sea- SUPPLIES DROPPED TO 'CHUTISTS IN are dropped from the Eighth Air Force Liberators to paratroopers previously landed in Holland, while the glid- ers and collapsed parachutes of invading airborne forces dot the Dutch (AP Wirephoto from Army Air Forces) ____________________________ Texas New Party, Files Electors; List McMahon AUSTIN, Sept. anil-Roosevelt Democrats, official- Jisting .themselves as today1 file's with the sec- retary, of state a slate of presiden- tial elector nominees for the gen- eral election biillot. Secretary of State Sidney La- tham accepted the certification by the new party. Former State Senator Roy San- derfer .of Brjlton, permanent chair- man oE the May 23 regular conven- tion which named the electors who ultimately denied a place on 'the ballot by a supreme court de- cision tiled the new slate. The court ruled that the September conven- tion's electors, pledged to Roosevelt and Truman, and only those, should bo certified for printing on the bal- lot In the Democratic column. Snnderford and Hamilton Rogers of Fort Worth presented the certi- CRIPPLED MAN, TRAPPED IN BURNING HOME, DIES 65 to 75 percent complete in this famous "clucks section this late In September, the stated. I Sec GERMANY. 5, Col. 2 UP FRONT WITH MAULDIN "I'm d1 most vnloohlc man In d' Ihlnl wave. Evcr'boily give me their cigarettes f carry In me ihirl pocket." John Harris, 65, who has five sens u service, nil overseas, died Monday afternoon of burns suffered when his home at 601 Elm street was itroyed by fire. Mr. Harris died at St. Ann hos- pital at p.m., four hours after ,he fire. Slight hope hsd been held 'rom the start for his recovery. A legless cripple, he was in the louse alone when the fire started .pparently from an oil stove in the kitchen. Firemen found him help- essly wedged between a bed and window, unable to complete the crawl to safety. His wife, In the garden at the time, could not enter the house to rescue him. Mr. Harris was born July 15, 1897 in Nashville, Tenn. He was married Aug. 26, 1910 to Miss Lillle Walker of Jim Ned, Tex. A farmer most of his life, lie had been an in- valid for the past five years. The family had lived In Abilene since 1908. Surviving arc the wife, the five service-men sons, Pvt, J. B. Harris, stationed in Hawaii, Cpl. Lester D., Sgt. Robert T.. Cpl. Auda V. and Pfc. Isaac D. Harris, all fighting in France, two daughters, Virginia and Irene, both of whom live at home; three brothers, Walter, La- mesa, Will. Abilene and Holdman, Phoenix, Ariz., and two sisters, Mrs. Plane Found MEXICO CITY, Sept. The missing Havana clipper has been found with one dead and 10 or more hurt among the 23 aboard, the ministry of communications announced tonight. TVCUlll Ol S. Iir.l'AKT.MDST Or COMMERCE nlJRFATJ HH.KNi: ANH VICINITY: Tartly Oi.uriy ttinlchl and 'I'tirxcliy. 1VKST TKXAS: rartly cloudy TuM- iljiy and NVdnfflday, writ rcoi river TiiMdny In I'anhanrilf Vrtnfudiiy; warmer Tuesday. HAST TliXAS: Partly rlnurly ni.rlh wrxt portions, clotldy M-llh nhon-rro tbtindeMtfirnu iniitheast portion. ITUh winds and walls tilt roast tnnllhl and Tuesday. W. A. McCurmiek and Mrs. S. Rippcy, The body Is at Kiker-Warren fun- eral hcme and arrangements foi services will be announced from there. Chapa Charged In Gun-Death Felix Chapa. 34, was charged with fatally shooting D. C. Flows, 'J'2 932 Magnolia, Justice of Peace J. P. Cunningham's court this monv Bond was set nt Chapa employed at Camp Berke- ley surrendered to Night Police Captain Tom Summers at the po- lice station at a. m. today, saying he hnd shot Flores In an affray shortly before midnight at North 5th and Bois D'Arc. Flares was found dead by Policemen J. C. Welch and Grady Jones. Chapa was talking with Flores in the street when the latter pulled n 38 caliber pistol and fired one shot at him, according to his statement to County Attorney Theo Ash. Jhapa testified he took the pistol rom Flores and fired three times it him. Two bullets entered Flores' >ody. one in the left chest and one n the arm. No witnesses have been found to .he shooting. Records show Flores was given i five-year suspended sentence in t2d district court Aug. 10, 1035 on i plea of guilt to charges of 1'atnl- y shooting Pedro, Ramon, broth- T-in-Iaw of Chapa. Flores is survived by his wife, ive children, eight brothers and me sister. ficate of nomination to Latham as chairman and secretary respectively of the new.party. "The cardinal'purpose of this parly Is to restore ctmElituUoiial government io'-tiip Unilcit States and elect a Democrat as the next Sandcrford said at a press conference. do not propose to ht deterred by a flfmsy supreme court derision that would cither destroy the Democratic party or surrender it to tha satellites of Hillman and Browdcr, ei al." Sandcrford said state headquart PIT, would be set un in Austin and a campaign organization would be carried to every precinct in the He said he had nothing to add T. J. McMahon, Abilene at- torney named elector on the Texas Regular slate, is the duly elected chairman of Precinct 2, being named last May. He has held no other political office, hut has liecn a mainstay of the Taylor county Democrats for many years. He. holds the non- pfmunrralirff nnst as appeal on Selective Service Board o "It's time folks against a fourth (crm lake a was the only comment he had last nn his selection as elector. James Slinsnn. staunch Ronsrvell supporter and Taylor county chairman, characterized him as "a fine fellow." "at this time" in regard to candi- dates or campaign plans. E-andcrford said all of the May electors "opposed to the New Deal were willing to serve nn the Texas but that Otto Atchley o: Tcxarkaim requested that Horace Blalock of Marshall be named to represent East Texas. 'Blalock was appointed postmas- ter at Marshall by President Wilson on tne recommendation of Con- gressman Martin he said. "He is best known for his belief in the fundamental principles of the Democratic party." The filinff will give the Tex- as ballot six slates of presiden- tial electors, representing these parties: Democratic, Republi- can, Texas Regulars, Prohibi- tion. Socialists, America First. Latham has not yet decided in which order they will appear, nor A.M. HOUR Mori. Km r.M. nn H -an 7R 07 Illtri ar, I Mnrl .1 Hi yrar! Stinart li il Inw Ipmlitn nlfflit: riKirnlnic; 1: Suniet lonlfhli Gtipsholm Docks In Jersey Today NEW YORK, Sept. exchange liner Gripsholm. carrying repatriated U. S. military person- nel, is expected to dock at Pier F, Jersey City, late tomorrow after- noon, tile Second Service Com- mand announced today. The repatriates will be taken cli- icctly from the ship by ambulance to Halloran General hospital, Wil- low Brook. Staten the an- nouncement said. "Individuals wishing to get In touch with any of those returning on the ship may do so by writing them In care of the hospital." A story on a meeting of the state Democratic executive com- mUtce irilJ be found In Column One rase Three. lias he completed a final checking of the names of all the caiiclirit'es that will appear on the unusually long ballot. He suid ho thought It would take him and a large clerical force until midnight to wind up his work in connection with making up the linllot and certifying II to county election officials for printing. Sanderford also said that of tha anti-New Deal electors originally named May S3, John Mann of Me- GrcRor had remicstcd that the name of E. R. Silencer, mayor of Colum- bus, be Included In his place. I Iling of Hie new parly's elec- tors assures a final showdown at the polls on tltc differences whirl! hare split the Democratic parly in Texas, and what the oiitromc woultl its pos- sible effect on tile Texas Rnosc- vclt questions Itiat Set NEW ?AIJTV. Pg, 5, Col. Z
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