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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 24, 1944, Abilene, Texas Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT 'VOL. LXIV.NO. 98 A TECAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 24, 1944 -THIRTY-FOUR PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Press (AP) united Press PRICE FIVE CENTS Tommies Reach 'Lost Division' BRITISH TROOPS MARCH tanks in the town of Valkenswaard on the way to Eindhoven. (Signal Corps Radio tele photo from NEA Tclcphoto) [Reds Take Parnu, Pursue Ships .Riga's Fall Seems Near f -LONDON, Sunday, Sept. 24 Russian troops racing across Estonia reach- ed the west coast, yesterday, capturing the port of Parnu jm the Gulf of Riga and seal- off thousands 'of Germans in a week-end offensive which estimated to have cost the enemy eight. divisions, or 000 men. Red army aided by an Eston- ian corps captured Parnu in another two-mlies-an-hour advance from EaJde, 50 miles to the northeast, and its (all. cut the land escape routes 4or thousands or a- bewildered foe aught between Pftrnu and Tallinn captured Estonian capital 72 mile to the north. At sea Bed naval plases pursued some German ships which escaped from Tallinn with troops aboard Friday the Soviet airmen Bank 11 of these evacuation ves- sels, and apparently thousands oi Germans perished in the Gulf of Finland. The fall of Giga, Latvian capital 87 miles south of Parnu, AJI appeared imminent as four pow- erful Soviet armies pressed the speedy cleanup of Estonia and Latvia in sensational gains. Some Russian units were fight- ing in Riga's outer southern de- fenses, and Red artillery was laying down barrages on Nazi positions in the strategic city. The Soviet victories in Estonia and Latvia were regarded merely as the forerunner of' great attacks on East. Prussia, in Poland and on 'flungary. They shortened the front by more than 120 miles, gave the Red fleet new bases and the air force fields from which the Russians can control two-thirds of the Bal- tic sea. Moscow dispatches .also said that entry into pre-war Hungary was imminent, and an unconfirmed French radio broadcast said the Red army already had crossed the Hun- garian border and was "advancing in the direction of Mag- yar capital. The fall of Parnu represented an- other 50-mile leap by Marshal Leo- nid A. Govorov's Leningrad army forces in 24 hours. Govorov's troops were engaged In a race to envelop scores ot Sec RUSSIANS, Pg. 13, Col. 7 PELELIU MARINES MAKE GAIN OVER TOUGH ENEMY By The Associated Press Hard fighting Marines on Peleliu island knifed through' the stubborn Japanese defenders for a gain of a thousand yards northward and are now in possession of three fourths of the island, Chester W. Nimitz announced in a com- munique Saturday. The communique said that at sundown on Friday total enemy troops known to have been killed on Peleliu wore and on nearby Anguar Yanks of the 81st (Wildcat) division accounted for 950 Nip- ponese. Advancing; toward the northcn end of Peleliu, the Navy said Ma- rines were moving "slowly but Supporting the ground forces, car- rier-based palnes carried out a raid on Yap, northwest cf the Palaus against what was termed "few worthwhile targets." There was no explanation of this phrase. Alert patrol vessels sighted sev- pn Japanese barges Friday in the narrow channel between Peleliu arid Ngesuebus islands, sinking one barge and forcing the others cnto Peleliu beaches where, they were destroyed in air attacks. The Japanese-controlled Phil- ippine republic, startled into prc-invasion fears by tbe lash- ing: carrier raids, declared war on the United States and Great Britain, Tokyo radio reported. Puppet President Jose P. Laurel has been empowered by Japan to conscript Filipjnos to fight for Japan. Presumably referring to Nippons elusive fleet, Tokyo boasted that an American invasion of the islands would give the Japanese a chance 'wiih one strategic blow to bring complete destruction to the enemy." In the Pacific island battles to date, members of the imperial army have been dcing all the fighting with little or no aid from the fleet. A radio broadcast from Berlin, recorded by CBS, said a third Amer- ican air attack against Manila took Place Friday afternoon, adding that 'no details are yet available." There has been no allied confirmation to .his claim. A communique from southeast Asia headquarters said tiie'Brit- ish I4th army has driven to a point seven miles above the Im- portant Japanese base of Tidtlim in Burma. The enemy launched their drive into India from Tid- dim last spring. Milk Fund Total Goes to Total donations, to the city free milk fund for undernourished and underprivileged children had risen to this morning, with contributed Saturday. These gifts came following an- nouncement that would be needed to carry on this work dur- ing the coming year, based on present needs. Donations today inciude the fol- lowing: Citizens National Bank Loyal Women's class, First Chris- tion church 4.00 Gifts received yesterday, includ- ing from the Abilene's Plumb- ers and Steamfitters local union No. 654 147.85 Total.................... S201.85 Donations may be made to Milk Fund Council, city or to W. O. Norman at the. Farmers and Mer- chants National bank. He is the ;reasurer for the fund. Snake Bites Fatal To Church Attendant HARLAN, Ky., Sept. oner Fielding Hensley reported to- day the death of Mrs. Vp.udie Jo- seph Lankford, 28, who had been ;aken to Harlan hospital for treat- ment of snakebites. Hensley said Mrs. Lankford was bitte" three times during a meet- ing at the' Church of God here ast -light. Magistrate John Keller levied a !'-e Jf against the Rev. Wil- ard Cress, pastor of the church, and placed him under a S500 peace bond. A 1942 Kentucky statute makes it a misdemeanor to han- lle snakes in connection with re- igious services. Nazis Lose 27 Planes In Day's Fights LONDON, Sept. At least 27 German plane were destroyed in a scries o dogfights over Holland lodaj as a great armada of Ameri can and British glider-towin transports delivered thousand of fresh troops and supplies i< help efforts to relieve the "los division" in the Arnhem area The transports flew through blinding flak 'to accomplish thei mission. .The daring trip was carried out in the late afternoon with the .aid o: a sudden break in the weatliei The German radio later warne( that night bombers, which had been held back for several days by weath er, were over the Reich again. A sizeable fleet of KAP Mitchel and Boston bombers based in Prance joined in the battle, fo bomb-scarred Calais by striking a two strong points almost at th water's edge in that city. The re turning crews said their bomb straddled positions to which th Germans were clinging hopelesslj with their backs to the sea. The Mediterranean based forces, which have been hit- ting Hungary and Yugoslavia daily, struck in medium strength at industrial targets in Sudctcn- land, Rome announced, and also hit railway yards in southern Austria and seven bridges in northeastern Italy. It was announced also tha Mitchell bombers had found til Italian cruiser tTaranto at the por of La Spezia and left her burning fiercely from three attacks. The Sudetenland targets wer bombed through intense anti-air craft fire, overcast and1, smoki screen, so that results were not ob1 served. Good results were reported however, on the Austrian rail yards Prom Cairo it was announced th! BAP set fire to a 1.000-ton vesse a.t Samos island in the continuing campaign to hamper or preven German evacuation of the Aegean islands. Two Fined After Miles Altercation BALLINGER, Sept. men were fined a total of including costs, today following an altercation in Miles involved selective service, Sheriff Lee Moreland said tonight. The men were said to be Richard Book, 20, and A. J. Schniers, 36, his brother-in-law, both of Miles. According to -the sheriff, Book received a notice -to appear before the Runnels county selective service board for induction Monday. He went to the board, the sheriff said, and inspected his file in the draft office. He then returned to Miles, joined Sclmiers, and the two went to the business area where they accosted C. M. McBurnett, city marshal, the sheriff stated. After a moment the marshal was knocked down and Howard Moore, a barber, rushed to aid htm. Moore was knocked down, also. Others ran to the scene and stopped the fight. Sheriff Moreland said he was told Book said just before the fight that there was a letter in his draft file signed by several Miles business- men, with Marshal McBurnett as first signer. Leader Dies GAI.VESTON, Sept. Texas City again lost another civic leader, when Rudolph M. Orth, 58. died of a heart attack tonight shortly after he had participated n making funeral arrangements 'or Col. H. B. Moore, with whom le was closely associated for many years and who was buried this af- ternoon. NETHELANDS konirlom ..T s V-.-, ECU COB '-y fy BELGIUM V Jruiseli Moostricnt MILES MAJOR mount counter-attacks arrows) around the airborne army south of Arnhem while the British Second Army attempted drive to a junction with this force. The Second Army enters Germany north of Kleve, Canadians enter Neuzen and Assende. Other Nazi attacks come at Tnrnhout and east of Aachen where the U. S. 1st Ariny has the town encircled. (NEA ROOSEVELT CHARGES GOP IMITATES OBVIOUS FRAUD WASHINGTON, Sept. Roosevelt opened his fourth term campaign tonight with a hard hitting speech accusing the Republican opposition of attempting to claim credit for the New Deal, and termed it imitation of "the most obvious common or garden variety of fraud." Speaking before the AFL Teamsters union, the presi- dent said the "whole purpose Boy Dies, Victim OfHItend-Rin Everett McCullough, 13, was killed at last night, victim of a. hit- and-run crash in the 1800 block on South 14th street. The youth, son of Mr. and Mrs. N. E. McCullough, 1333 South 13th, iad attended the football game be- .ween Amarlllo and Abilene high schools where he had served as Boy Scout usher. There were not witnesses to the 'atal accident, police reported late fist night. W. O. Ucb, who lives at 1809 South I4th, reported that he heard ,hc brakes of an automobile ;crcech. He rushed to the scene. :aw a car hesitate and then pull out rapidly. He got there too late, however, to get the license number ir to idcntifv the car. he said. Tile McCullough lad died instant- V. Tlie body was taken to Kiker- iVarren funeral home. His only brother. Robert Stanley McCullough, died on July 5, 1035, as a result of an automobile accident at Putnam. Survivors besides the parents, are nur sisters, Gertrude, Juanita, Badgie and Louise. The youth attended South Junior ilgh school. 'ublisher Dies LOS ANGELES, Sept. iarry Chandler, publisher of the Los Anglic.' Times, died today af- er suffering a heart attack. He was 80 years of age. Despite failing health Incident to ils advancing years, Chandler had maintained his interest in the 'imes and spent at least a part f each day in his office up to a hort time before he vas taken to hospital last Wednesday. ervice Resumed WASHINGTON, Sept. imited mail service between the 'ntted Stales and Paris will be rc- umed tomorrow, the post office epartment announced today. of Republican oratory these days x x x is to persuade the American people that the De- mocratic party was responsi- ble for the 1929 crash and de- pression, and that the Repub- lican party was responsible for all social progress under the New Deal." "There is one thing I am too old the president declared, "I can- not talk out of both sides of my mouth at the same time." Mr. Roosevelt made a point by point reply to almost every criti- cism leveled against his administra- tion by his Republican opponent, Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New York. He declared the government wel- comes "all sincere supporters of the cause of effective world collabora- tion, adding that "millions of Re- publicans are with us." "And they tco ulll resent this campaign talk by those who first woke up to the facts of in- ternational life a few short months when they began to study the polls of public op- inion." the president said. Mr. Roosevelt, speaking before the same union which heard him open his third term campaign on Sept. 11, 1940, greeted the teamsters by saying: "I am actually four years older which seems to annoy some people. In fact, millions of us are more than 11 years older than when we started in to clear up the mess that was dumped in nur laps in 1933." From that he launched Into an attack upon the Republican cam- paign. although he did not men- tion Governor Dewey bv name. He termed a "callous and brazen falsehood" an assertion that the administration plans "to keep men in the army when the war is over, because there might he no jobs for them in civil life." Mr. Hooscvclt continued, 'the very day that this fantastic charge was first made, a formal plan for the method o' speedy dis- charge of the army had already been announced by the war department a plan based upon the wishes of :he soldiers themselves." Mr. Roosevelt said Republican 'eaders have carried the attacks Thousands of Glider Iroops Rush to Aid agninst administration even Seo ROOSEVELT, Pf. 1.1, Col. B Af Smith Improved NEW YORK. Sept. 23 Former Gov. Alfred E. Smith, 70. who entered St. Vincent's hospital on Aug. 10 suffering from heat ex- haustion, left today "a much im- proved man" hospital authorities said. Colonel Gray Helps Protect New Troops SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION. ARY FORCE, Sept, Second Army pat- rols tonight forged a tenuous link with units of the "lost division" of airborne troops in the Arnhem sector in Holland, and thousands of British and American glider troops, with large amounts of supplies, were flown in despite strong oppo- sition to reinforce Lt. Gen. Miles C. Dempsey's hard-slugging rescue troops. A late front dispatch said the situation in the Arnhem sector remained serious, even as the Second after a bloody six-mile relief march, hurled shells across the river into enemy lines ringing the valiant sky troops just a quarter of a mile away from the hardwon British position on the north bank of the Rhine. The British advance was punched out through enemy strength, and extremely heavy fighting continued in the whole sector tonight. To the south, U. S. Third Army armor churned forward through a sea of mud in a six mile push, cap- turing Buriville, six miles north of Baccarat and about 30 miles east of Nancy. The remainder of the Third Army front was stalled by rain and strong Nazi resistance. British tanks and Infantry and the American sky troops who fought through stand-and-dle re- sistance apparently sent their pa- trols across the river at the Arn- hem bridge. A link-up in force would signalize a great Allied vic- tory on the Ruhr valley route to Berlin. Their long, thin Ilnr. of sup- ply was once more Intact, for 30 miles soulh of this critical front British forces rushed up and chased away SS (elite guard) troopers and 200 tanks who hail slashed across the highway nt the Dutch village of Vcghcl. Supreme headquarters, whloh had described trie. Arnhem positions 'critical" only Friday, breathed more easily and from the comman- der of the British division in Arn- hem came word that after six days of isolation "morale is will hold out." Rain and thick clouds again ham- pered air .support and reinforce- ment, but rocket-firing typhoons in great strength helped smash Hie Gei'inans loose from their strangl- ing hold on the life line at Veghel. En route to the north branch of the Rhine, which winds along the southern suburbs of Arnhem, the British and Americans made a un- ion with hard-pressed Polish rein- forcements who nad landed two days earlier to take some of the pressure off the Tommies in Arnhem. The Germans were summon- ing every tank and trooper from northern Holland to throw into the battle for Arnhem, (A Berlin broadcast said the fighting "will determine the fate of tlii.1 whole western and one commentator said the British now held only the suburb of Oosterbeek. The city itself was pictured as A "shouldering ghost A press dispatch from the First Army positions inside the Sieg- fried of the battle for the Germans were feverishly digging in on ilie east bank of the Rhine Indicating the high command foresees the collapse of fortifications to the west. Standing nt bay on their home soil, the German troops gave no indication of flight even though they finally were routed from the city six miles east of the Sieg- fried line's fortified outpost of Aachen. COL. FREDKKIO C. GRAY: Many ,.f th.? glider reinforcements and" supplies for "Lost Divi- sion" on the German border, ar- rived safely because of the outfit led by Abilene's Col, Frederic C. Gray, 1202 Jeanncttc. Using fragmentary bcmbs, the outfit led by Colonel Gray silenced 15 guns just in time, the Associated Press reported from Europe. "All those cargo planes probably would have been knocked down if they'd been three or four minutes the colonel commented lat- er. Colonel Gray, graduate of Abi- lene Christian college, is holder of the Air Medal, and Oak Leaf clus- ovcr Europe. His name creeps into ters for meritorious achievements news frequently in some heroic style. The Weather f. 5. nrPARTMENT IF fOMMERCE WEATHER mjREAir .ENK AND VICINITY: TarllT cloudy Sunday and Monday. Not quite WEST" Partu Sun- iv and Monday, not quite so rool Fin- hanrilo and South rlalns Sunday altrr- RAST TEXAS: Partly cloudy Sun- day and Monday, not quite so warm portion Sunday. TEMPERATURES Sal. Frl. Sat. FH. A.M. noun r.M. 77 I no sn s fl'i Hi! II......... PD ..J2 Vlffh and Inw n-mpcraturcs to and ill. and low .on vst yrjii: R1 artrt fiS. Sunsrt lait nleht: Siitirhr (his mornfne; SnnsH Innljtht: 9fl DO Texas Anti-F Third Party; Assai AUSTIN, Sept. new jiatty which will file its own slate of presidential electors was organ- ized here today by a group df Tex- as anti-Roosevelt Democrats in a closed convention. A spokesman for the meeting re- leased a formal statement saying rthe convention was called to lorm i party "since the name Demo- cratic has I cen stolen from us by those new members of the party ivho believe in state socialism." The belligerent anti-fourth ter.n- jrs announced their plan of nc- a few hours after the state lupreme court unanimously ruled lhat Roosevelt pledged electors aomlnatcd by the September state Democratic convention, mid not the ilcctors chosen nt the May con- I j'cntion, should be certified for on the Nov. 7 ballot as the Democratic electors. The new party's statement said, it believed that a large majority of Texas pcoplt "re- sent and condemn the usurping of the Democratic party name hy communists, hip-city ma- chine politicians, Rrom. negro politicians and the C. I. O. Po- litical Action committee, XXX." The May electors were Instruct- ed by that convention nut to vote for ,-he national nominees if the national convention failed to ful- fill certain conditions. These con- ditions it rejected. The anti-Roosevelt forces under chairmanship of Edgar Townes of Houston, with C. C. Rcnfro of Dal- las acting as secretary, met imme- diately after the court's decision was announced, J. Halt Willis of Dallas, a spokes- man for the meeting, said that It had not been decided under what, party name the f.nti-Roosevelt electors would be filed with Secre- tary of State Sidney Latham. Mon- day is the last day for such filing. Willis said it hat! not been decided what names would be filed. The effect of today's su- preme court decision was In expunge from the Democratic column ihi names of presiden- tial electors who have said they would not vote for Roosevelt and Truman. The court simultaneously closed its doors to further litigation In tht matter which has kept the par- ty in a turmoil for months, and which could bo an important fac- tor in determining the outcome of tho national election. Willis said the convention here today was called by a caucus which met c-ariicr In the day, and that a party organization was completed this afternoon. The press was not Invited to attend either lession. Willis released a formal state- ment which said: "B3lleving that a laige majority of the Texas people resent and con- demn the usurping of the Demo- cratic party name by communists, big-city machine politicians, Bronx negro politicians and the C.I.O. Political Action comml'.tcc, headed by the forelgn-boni Sidney Hill- man, a group of the leaders In the Texas movement for the restora- tion of the two-thirds rule, states rights and the right of the Demo- cratic party to determine the quali- fications for Its own membership, met In caucus Saturday morning. "Realizing that if the deci- sion of the supreme court failed to follow what has been the estal'HEhea party .iracllcs of 60 years in Texas, 'vhrrrin the IMay convention chose the pres- idential electors, It was decided to call a convention of dele- gates from every dlslrirt in Texas for Ihc purpose of form- ing a party, since the name Democratic has been stolen from us hy thfsc new members of the party who believe in state socialism." "Since the supreme court has by Its decision nullified the action of the May convention, the convention was helc in Austin af- ternoon and party organlrjitlon completed. "It. Is the purpose of the party to certify persons for presidential electors and give the voters of Texas and opportunity to register their votes in the November elec- tion for electors who will stand for the tnit. .icffersonian principles nf democracy and for icstoratlon of constitutional covcrnmcnt, freedom of the press, and ireedom of pri- vate enterprise. "The fight has just started and will be waged unceasingly upon Ihc high planes of principles until vic- tory Is oui'5 In November." Asked who participated In the convention, Willis said there were representatives from every congres- sional district in the state, Includ- ing many leaders of the anti-fourth term faction. The supremo court opinion by Chief Justice James P. Alexander held that withdrawal of the original nominees who would not support the national convention's ticket, and substitution of those who would by the September convention, "was clearly a matter within the Inherent power of the party." "The efficiency of the cause for the withdrawal nf the nomi- nations Is not a matter for this court to he wrote. "That was a mailer that rested entirely with tho party. The parly has thus spoken Us will, and In the absence of a valid law to the conlrary, il Is entitled to have that will carried Into execution." The pro-Roosevelt September con- vention nullified the resolutions of the May session. These resolutions left the electors free to vote for some other Democrat If the national convention failed to adopt a white supremacy plank in its platform. If It seated a rival delegation, and If It failed to restore the two-thirds rule. On all these counts, the na- tional session said "no" to Texas, and 15 electors then said they would not support Roosevelt and Truman. The faction, dominating the September convention, nominat- ed a new slate of electors, throw- ing out the 15. Latham decided to certify the May electors, and the leaders ot the September convention asked the supreme court to compel him to certify its 23. This list included the names of the several of the May electors who had said they would support Roosevelt and Tru- man.
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