Abilene Reporter News, September 20, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

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Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 20, 1944, Abilene, Texas MORNING OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXIV, NO. 94 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 20, PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press (U.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Danish Royalty STOCKHOLM, Sept. King Christian X of Denmark and his family were reported besieged in the Amalienborg palace by German Marines tonight, but there were indications that the nationwide rioting resulting from ifczi seizure of government buildings and police stations hac ceased. The Free Danish press service said an appeal had been made by the Free Danish council asking all Danes to stop fighting but to continue a general strike until Thursday in jmptest against German dissolution of the Danish police force of men. As a result fighting wa presumed to have stopped anc word from Copenhagen saic ii; capital-was calm-tonight Swedish newspaper Ragen Nyheter, quoting Danish informa tion unconfirmed from 'any' othc source, said the King, Queen Alex andrina and Crown' Princess' In were under siege by a Mortal detachment which sought to seizi the castle........... An earlier report from Halsing borg, on the Swedish coast acros ijfm Denmark, said Danish con stabulary fought.a fierce but un even battle today in defense of the royal palace and- killed at least 14 Nazis, but were subdued by ligh Mtillery.......... "the Danes were forced to sur- render, this report said, and a number of Danish police officer fled to Sweden. {The Nazi-controlled Copen- radio said the "incident" 'Outside the royal palace result- ed from a "regretable misun- derstanding" by the Danish guards who "thought the Ger- man detachment was going to disanji the sentries and take K'Sg prisoner." (The broadcast insisted, however that the German forces had "no intention of disarming the King's life In addition to seizing govern- ment buildings, the Nazis decreec Jlw death penalties as part 'o; their effort to crush growing-Dan- ish resistance. The struggle for the Copenhagen police headquarters was fierce, with the Danish, constabulary holding fut for four hours before succumb- ing, another report said. (OWI quoting a Swedish radio report said three civilians were killed and 16 wounded in the fight- ing in Violent fighting occurred ifivhen German marines at- tempted to storm Copenhagen's royal palace and Danish police resisted efforts of the Nazis to disarm them. Civilians were reported to have joined in the Danish press service said 160 Danish policemen defended the palace against the marines. "The Germans surrounded the entire area of the castle where King.Christian, Queen Alexandrine, -Grown Prince, and Princess are the agency said. "The bod- ies of 14 Germans were sprawled before the Dutch legation build- ing." ifradsriaw Officer lo New Post Via Detour BRADSHAW, Sept. Lt. Charles Brooks, son of Mrs. Johnnie Gann of this .com- -niunity, has reported for duty "M Santo Monica, Calif., after a detour of-some, miles that required about six months to make. It was like this: Lieutenant Brooks completed ,0iiO missions in the Mediterran- ean theater of operations early last spring and was returned to the states. After being giv- en a 30-day leave of absence, during which he visited his .jnother and wife, the lieutenant- sent back overseas. After reaching his overseas destination he was Informed that he was supposed to be in Santa Monica, Calif. In time he r was sent back to the states and ,'Ava.s through here last week. He was accompanied to Santa Monica by his wife who had been making her home with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Bob Her- rington, Winters. Major Need For Milk In SdioolsHere Abilene's Milk Fund council which exists for the sole purpose oi seeing that school children get suf- ficient milk, last night held its an- nual meeting at The Reporter-News conference room and found that the school year is opening with need for milk in .several city elementary schools that will call for in the coming year. Originated eight years ago through efforts of the PTA council The Reporter-News, Jaycees and To make donations to' the Free Milk fund mail checks to "Milk Fund. Council, City" or give them to W. O. 'Norman, bank, (front Gifts will be acknowledged in the name of each donor unless specific- ally requested (hat this not, be done, AH deposits are handled and expenditures made by the treasurer. There is no expense except for hiilk. other civic and service groups, this group has adhered 100' percent to the rule that .every single penny given shall be used to buy milk for kiddles. In these days of full employ- ment and higher pay. many do not realize that there are In the "best limes" children .who are materially undernourished. Their teachers learn who they are. They report to Ihe princi- pals, who reporl to the Milk Fund council the number of quarts needed daily in each school. The milk is served the children with their lunches In the school unchrooms. Each child gets milk none knows which child-pays 'or his own or is given it. This fund has been given great support through the years by the Junior chamber of commerce, which las handled collection? from the Milk Fund bottles placed in busy ipots in the business district. The council last night voted to con- .inue its usual method of opcra- .ion and reelected its officers. The Jaycccs will be asked to re- iew their work of collecting money "rom the bottles: the press and ra- dio were asked to renew appeals for monthly donations of cash ind the principals of the city chools will supervise renewal of the pupils' regular milk fund gifts. Those gifls by children in Ihe school have been limited to 5 cents per week. At Abilene high the student council handles the collections. At the city school tor negroes last year S13S in .nickles was given in five months while milk was being sent to (he lunchroom daily to make up the total amount needed to make possible a half-pint be- side the plaie of every child eating at Ihe school. Officers reelected were Wendell Jedichek, chairman; Mrs. L. H. Harrison, principal of Travis school, ecretary, and O. Norman, treas- urer Others attending last night's iceting were Mrs. Margaret Schmidt, United Welfare associa- ion, to whom the school princi- ials make known the daily milk lecds and who places the orders; Vally Akin, Lions club; Mrs. R. H Owens, PTA health chairman; Mrs. Edith C. Smith, student counsellor, hllene high school; Frank H. Et- ?r, principal of Lamar school; Homer H. Scott, Kiwanis club; H. Fatherree, Abilene high school rincipal; Herman McDaniel. Ro- ary club and R. W. Stafford, prln- ipal of the school for negro child- en. ALLIED GLIDERS LAND IN HOLLAND-fMore than 30 Allied gliders cover fields in Holland after landing in air invasion of This is a British official photo. (AP Wirepholo via Signal Corps Reds Within 6 Miles of Riga LONDON, Wednesday, Sept. Red army drove within six miles of the Latvian capital of Riga yesterday in the fourth day of a new all-out offen- sive that has captured nearly towns and aims at total destruction of the Germans in the Baltic states: A single one of-the three Red army groups parti- cipating has smashed through the deep network of Nazi defenses south and southeast of Riga on a 75- mile front 25 miles deep, Moscow announced. Closest approach to Riga came with capture of Kekava, on the west bank of the Daugava (Dvina) river six miles south of the sprawling "city limits of Riga, the Russians disclosed. The Germans had orders "not.to retreat a sin- gle step and to hold their positions to the last a Soviet communique said this morning, but Ihe Soviet'First Baltic front army broke through the deep defensive zone, crossed the Lielupe' and Niemenek rivers south of Riga, and drove ahcuu lo the Daugava Ihrough Ihe bitterly-resisting en- emy. In a single day on that front the Germans lost more than men besides many prisoners, the Russians announced. Eddy Gilmore, Associated Press correspondent in Moscow, said in a dispatch early today that "the Red army's breakthrough towards Riga was so mas- sive that advance motorized, units and leading tank forces a'ctualiy are _probing' the and "There are de'finite signs that th'is will be Hit- ler's end in Estonia, Latvia and. Lithuania, for the winter is coming on fast and the armies of the Baltic are eager to drite out the last Germans before the first snow. "The Baltic drive, however, Is only the first step in the Russians' autumn offensive, .which is expected to be bigger than anything yet; develop- ments may be expected from the Gulf-of Finland to Yugoslavia." The offensive, concerning which the- German radio has been issuing alarmed bulletins since last Friday, was officially disclosed in an order of the day from Premier Stalin announced Soviet capture of Valga, Estonian-Latvian border city, cutting the last rail con- nection between the enemy forces in the north and south. Two hundred additional towns were swept up in this drive by Gen. Ivan Maslennikoy's Third Baltic A second order quickly announced'that Gen. Ivan C. Bagramian's First Baltic front army in four days had captured more than towns south and south- east of Riga. Big population centers and German slrongpoints falling in this drive included lecava (Jesava) 21 miles due-south of Riga, Bauska, 33 miles south, Vecmuiza, 25 miles southeast, and Jaunjelgava on the Daugava (Dvina) river 39 miles southeast of the Latvian, capital.. 5IH TAKES THREE MKS IN FIERCEST BATTLING ROME, Sept, Army troops brought the 'ighting point to within 27 miles of Bologna today after capturing ,hree strategic Gothic Line peaks n savage mountain fighting. Bologna is an important com- munications and industrial centei Beard ley Ruml Writes Series on Postwar Tax First of five articles hy Beardsley Kuml of the Committee for Economic Development giving views on postwar, tax programs will be found on the editorial page this morning. Beardsley Ruml origlnaatcd the pay-as-you-go Individual Income tax plan, a modified form of which Congress adopted last year. Chairman of the Federal Reserve bank or New treasurer Jl.if R. H. Many Co., Inc., Ruml Is a member of the research com- mittee of the committee for economic development. Ruml's own proposal for a post-war abolition of federal corpora- Oon laves was presented In a radio address last July. A tiAtlvc of Ccdiiy Rapids, la., Ruml nerved ns secretary of the Smtt company, rhlladolplihl, assistant lo the president of the Carnegie corporation. New York, ami drin or the social science divl- and professor of. education nt the university of Chicago before joining (he K. It. Macy firm In 1034, toy Says War To End in LONDON, Wednesday, Sept. Marshal Sir Bernard L. Montgomery, who is in overall com- land of the ground and airborne rmies on the northern front, told iis troops in Belgium yesterday without qualification that the war gainst the Germans would be end- 1 this year. "Before we started this business gave it os my opinion that if we Id our stuff we could have the var against the Germans over this he said. "It is now the middle of Septem- ber and I will go so far as to say that statement is absolutely right. There is no doubt about it. Escaped Soldier Killer Captured SAN ANTONIO, Sept. Shut five times in the arms and body, Sylvester Davis, 25-year-old negro, who escaped from Fort Sam Houston military prison Sunday night, was taken to Brooke Gen- eral hospital Tuesday night after his capture in the brush on the J. P. Ashley ranch, n miles north of San Antonio Chief of Detectives Duke Carver with M. Hutton and J. L. Kirk, working with J. P. Ash- ley, flushed the fugitive in a ravine on the Ashley ranch. Carver said 10 shots were fired before the sol- dier was stopped. The detective de- scribed Davis' condition as criti- cal! but added that early examina- tion had not revealed the extent of his wounds. Davis, who faced the death pen- alty for the murder ot a San An- gelo woman in June, was br6ught to Fort Sam Houston July .10. Sun- day night when he was brought to the orderly room at his request for medical treatment Davis jumped out the window and tied. A widespread search throughout the north section of the county was conducted by the state, county and city police ftlded by Texas ranKCrs and military tiollcc nsliiB flood at night nnd mobile commu- nication units from tin state de- portment of public safety ROAD TO BERLIN in the central section of the Po valley. The capture yesterday of 3.300- foot Monte Pratone, Monte Altuaso and Monte Cell! against the Nazi's best efforts to defend them was officially described as a "great success." The Americans, crawling j over exposed slopes and pre.ssing forward from rock to rock and through ravines, met extreme con- centrations of artillery, mortar and Small arms fire. One barrage of shells was hurled at Ameri- cans at one point. Tile action was described as one of the fiercest engagements of the Italian campaign. British and In- dian troops under Lt. Gen. Mark Clark's command contributed ma- terially to the success by flanking and pinching off some enemy em- placements. Some 25 miles of mountainous terrain faces the advancing Fifth Army before it can emerge into the Po valley in this central sec- tor. Yesterday's experience tells the Allies they can expect rugged passes and peaks fortified with diig-iri positions, concrete emplace- ments, tank turrets buried for use as artillery, mine fields and ex- tensive wire entanglements. The going is expected and slow. to be difficult Bl' THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Western front: 310 miles (from Nijmegen, Russian Front: 312 miles (from outside Italian Front: 581 miles (from below Nazis Say Allies Destroy Prize Area PARIS. Sept. news- paper Parisien Libre reported from Arras today that Germans had told peasants in that vicinity that their huge and mysterious installation near Watten, destroyed by Allied bombs, was intended tc house a se- cret weapon which would demolish London. Five thousand workers toiled for months in building this installation despite some of the most Intensive bombings of the war. The Germans claimed, the newspaper said, that it also was to house "death ray" machines capable of stopping air- plane engines. A rmies Wield Hew 'Big1 Link SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Wednesday, Sept. British Second Army racing to flank the northern end of the Siegfried Line, has completed.a new junction with Allies airhorne troops in Holland and now is' fighting on the southern banks of the Waal Rhine, field dispatches said early today. Reports received from (lie front by Reuters said Lt. Gen. Sir Miles C. Dempsey's forces had reached the last large pocket of the airborne army on the edge of Nijmegen, forging a solid link with Lt. Gen. Lewis H. Brereton's sky troops with whom a union was made first in the vicinity of Eindhoven Monday. Jap Vessels U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Sept. by American Marines of most of the eastern coastal area of 1'eleliu was announced today by Adm. Chester W. Nimitz' headquarters. Japanese forces on Angaur, Ihe smaller Palau' island to the south of Felcliu, continue to occupy only two isolated pockets in the face of advancing 81st army division troops. By The Associated Press While American Marines and Doughboys pressed their conquests of two of Japan's strategic Palau islands yesterday U. S. Navy disclosed loss a minesweeper in the opera- tions there and announced the sinking of 29 additional Nip- pon ships by Yank submarines. The first ship lost in the Palaus campaign was the Minesweeper Perry. Casualties were light. The Navy re- ported the loss without cas- ualties of the auxiliary tran- sport Noa in the Pacific as a result of a collision with an American destroyer. The biggest kill by American sub- marines ever announced in a sln- Judges to Hold Convention Here Bob for Short WASHINGTON, Sept. Robert W. Neall, Bronxville, N. Y.. today acquired a 26-word official title. He became chief of the floor- covering and upholstery and pile fabric section of the wool branch of the textile, clothing and leather bureau of the War Production board. uocflicrs oiighla carry a Hlllo more dirt t1 dig holes In." Abilene was chosen site of the spring convention of the West Tex- as County Judges and Commtssion- ers association yesterday at the closing .session of. its two day con- vention Aagelo. The association, went on recorc as favoring -abolition of state at valorem taxes, an Associated Press story from San Angelo stated, anc decided to bring the proposal before ;he state association convention In Galveston next December. The resolution, which suggestet no alternative levy, was approvec three to one by the association at the closing session. The grcup elected Charles W Roberts ot. Andrews county presi- dent succeeding Judge Lee Thomp- son of Farmer county. Other officers elected were, commissioner Charles Butler, Brown county, vice presi- dent, and Judge E." C. Grindstalf Runnels county, secretary. Judge M. Scarborough of El Paso county spoke earlier in favor of the ad valorem tax abolishment. The resolutions committee did not act on u proposal for establishing i new independent state county commission after McLennan comity Judge H. L. McDaniel, Waco, hafl proposed adoption of a rural roads program ns a postwar pro- ject. He advocated financing such a program by one-fourth of the four-cent road bond indebtedness. By a 22 to 20 vote, with many members not voting, the association declined to adopt a resolution pre- sented by Irlon County Judge Willis Burke. His resolution called on the University of Texas to place Us acres of endowment lands on sale for homesteading by vet- erans and others. The association unanimously en- dorsed a proposal of Weaver H. Baker of the state board of control that army camps and other facili- ties which can be feasibly adapted be converted Into postwar eleemosy- nary facilities. Himtnler Arrests Former Leaders NEW YORK. Sept. Brit- ish radio today quoted "information from Stockholm" as saynu that Gestapo Chief Henrich Himmler had arrested former members of the Rclchstns and the Prussian Parlia- ment who held scats before 1030, in addition to Baron Konstnntln Voil Nctirstli, former minister of for- eign affairs; Otto Mclsner, presi- dent ot the Rclchs chancellery un- der the Nazis, and Werner Von Rheinuabcn, former secretary of the foreign office nnd a friend of Gus- tav Strcsscmann. gle ed two destroyers nnd one escort. Three medium tankers, a large car- go-transport, nnd 22 cargo ships also were destroyed. These sinkings by subs boosted their total of Japanese vessels sunk or damaged to 913 American leathernecks held the advantage in the battle for Pelellu, in the Palau islands east of the Philippines. Fresh marines were thrown into the fight. They went forward slowly but steadily against strong Japanese positions along the ridges of UmorbroRul, nicknamed "Bloody Nose Mountain" by the Ma- rines. American planes were op- crating from captured Pclrliu airdrome where 117 Japanese planes were found wrecked or damaged liy Yank fliers in prc- invnsion raids. The Marine commander, MaJ. Gen. Julian s. Smith, indicated the cleaning up of Pelcliu would not be hurried. Hr said the main objec- oirficld had been taken and lie could see no point in a whirlwind mopping up campaign, at heavy cost In American lives. American southwest Pacific me- dium bombers resumed attacks on Mindanao island, southern Philip- pines, starting many tires. Among the targets was the Buayan air- drome on Mindanao's southern tip. Other Yank fliers unloaded 145 tens of bombs on Langoan airfield In the Celebes. Three grounded Jap- anese planes were destroyed. A third Nippon attempt to airraid American-held Morotai island, 300 miles south of the Philippines, was rf.pciled. One Japanese plane was siiot flown. Meanwhile radio Tokyo re- ported Allied aerial against Davao, southern Philip- pines, Koror island in the Pal- aus north of Pcletitr, anrl fn northern Sumatra, Immediately wcsl of Ihe Malay peninsula. Tlie Japanese safrl 50 Liberators and Lightnings hit Davao while a hundred carrier-based blasted Koror The Japanese threat (o vital Oveilln. In China's KwaiiB-si pro- inc.rcitsccl liourlv. One Nip- ion column closed In from the lortliwcst to within 40 miles of the city. Another, lust reported 51 miles ifistward, claimed by the Chi- icse !.o have been forced into re- rr.it 40 miles. The !4th U. S. Alrforcc main base it, Kweilin was abandoned as Jap- mcse spearheads drove in that dl- cction. Ihe Weather r. s. nr.PAHTMr.NT OF COMMERCE WLATHI'R nlJREAU AlHl.KM: AND VICINITY: I'jrllj cloudy Wfdnfsday and Thurnday. TKVAS: Tardy cloudy and Thursday, CAST TDXAS: Partly ciond.v nnidiiy iml Tiiiindiy tliimer! nfar the upp'r roaal Ttiuiniiiy. Tr.MPr.ltATL-llLS Tun. Hon. Tuei. >li 12 U to W i I.... P.M. 81 83 RB 87 HS HH Xfl OK 71 no 111 fl.. ft.. .........Ill........ Hft .........II........ H'J H'i.......I'J....... n tind 111, HlRh iinii low IM ymri anil .Ml. Rlinurl night: Siiinhf Hih mflrnliijr: Sunnel lonlrhli FDR Directs Cut In War Employes WASHINGTON. Sept. 10-MV- President Roosevelt today notified the cnverjimont's wnr to get ready to go out of business, but economy advocates on Capital Hill advocated that the cuts begin right, now. Chairman Byrd (D-Vn) of the Joint committee on reduction of non-essential federal expenditures expressed the belief that to civilian employes could be released before the end of hostil- ities without Impairing government functions. Hep. Tnber n member of the same committee, suggested Lot's do it now; let's not wait." Mr. Roosevelt himself estimated Hint .some of the cuts could be made ss soon as the fighting Is over in Europe. Dempsey's swift armored units' advanced more than 37 miles during the day to cap a 50-mile drive in the last 48 hours. Eindhoven, seventh city of the Netherlands, was captured by the joint action of the British Second Army and the Airborne Troops, who had doggedly held open a. gateway between Hijmegen and Arnhem to aid the main thrust toward Germany's industrial Ruhr valley. By completing the'new junc- tion, Dempsey's army now was four miles from Germany on the southern banks of the Waal Jthine. After dashing through country largely cleared of the enemy by American, British, Polish and Dutch sky the British were within three miles of Nijmegen, a field dispatch said. On a dozen different battle- grounds the Germans were held at bay while the Aliles' power blow on the northern, flank took shape rapidly. Attention centered on Nijmegen and Arnhem, officially identified as the targets of Sun- day's landings by the Air Troops. A front dispatch said the Nazis gradually were recovering from shock of landings by Lt. Gen, Lewis H. Brereton's sky-trains and were stiffening their resistance. Heavily reinforced Germans, facing entrap- ment in western Holland between the advancing British Second army and the Air Troops, opened coun- terattacks Tuesday, the dispatch- salt'.. All along the northern end of the front activity was slep- peil up as throughduUthe. day more Allied troops dropped from the air In what were de- scribed officially as strong forces. Headquarters did not disclose whether these were new units or reinforcement. At the some time the American First Army, after making still another crossing into Germany, be- gan shelling Duren, 20 miles south-- west of Cologne, p.ncl Prum. eight miles Inside Germany and 45 miles west of Coblenz. south the Germans, in desperation, were turning robot flying bombs against American Third Army troops as a mighty battle raged in the area of Nancy. The t-ren th-taklng; British drive through southern Holland began at Valkcnswaard, five miles south of Eindhoven. A spearhead by-passed Eindhoven and sent a column four miles cast to Oeldrop to protect the flank. Tanks rumbled and swayert across pontoons north of Eindho- ven, where the Germans blasted the Wtlliemina bridge and raced across country to Grave, nine miles southwest of Nijmegen. There the airborne troops held a vital bridge across the Meuse against frenzied German attacks. The First Army shelling of rjurcn and Prum may presage the Ions-awaited Allied push into the Rhlncland. It was In- significant that 105 mm. guns began roaring as (he British Second and airborne armies ncarcd the last towns between them ami the Reich. Duron is an important road Junction 15 miles east of Aachen and the last big hurdle before Co- logne. Prum Is 30 miles south of Aachen on the Inner fringe of the Siegfried defenses and five miles cast of Brandschlcd, where the Americans dug in. At Nijmegm the American and Allied parachute troops and air- borne infantry were about 12 miles beyond the town of Kleve. which has been authoritatively described as Ihe northern terminus of the Siegfried Line. Uprooting of the enemy's right flank and a subse- quent Allied plunge into the Ger- man industrial Rhineland appeared to be imminent. The German radio said American airborne troops fought into Eind- hoven, a big communications cen- ter of 111.000 population, from the north while British ground forces entered the city from the southwest.. The enemy broadcast declared grim was in progress around Arnlicm and NijmeRen, with Allied landing forces being "Immediately attacked by the Germans from all sides." Additional Allied 1 a riflings were leporlcd hy Ihe German DNH news agency to have been See GERMANS, Pg. 2, Col. I Davis indicted Gas Coupon Theft Charge Theft of gasoline coupons from Col. L. V. Lyng, Camp Barkeley rationing officer, wos charged by a. federal grand jury at Dnllis Tuesday In an indictment agamst; Gail K. Davis. Eighteen hundred and thirty-live B-3 coupons and I.H7 C-S coupons were taken by Davis, the Indictment alleged. Davis also was charged, with sales of some of the ;