Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 17, 1944, Abilene, Texas Abilene "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT SUNDAY LXIV, NO. 91 A THUS HIWSFWBI ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 17, 1944 PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated pros (AP) railed Preu FIVE CENTS 1ST. ON HIGH ROAD TO COLOGNE Marines Win Airfield'on Peteliu Hard Fighting Continuing on Nippon Island By The Associated Press more than Jap anese, Marines captured Pele liu airport on Palau, finest i the western ad vancec( steadily against stron enemy counterattacks, U. Fleet Headquarters Pearl Harbor announced las night. By nightfall Friday (west long: S. date) marking the en of the second day the invasion c entry way to the Philippines Marines of the First division wo" the double-runway airstrip at Pele llu's southern end. The communique made no mention oi American casualties. It slid several enemy tankj were destroyed and added that severe fighting continued. Carrier-based planes continue close support of ground force throughout Friday, also bombed an Babelthuap, northernmos d largest of the Palau islands starting several fires. Japanese dead piled up befor the blazinf! guns of the Yank vet erans of Guadalcanal. Trapped on the island are an es- fanatical Japanes troops, apparently willing to die the last man. Pcleliu's airfield gives the Ameri cans a fighter and bomber strip 51 miles west of Mindanao, a majo island in the Philippines. This 4upled with Pitoe Held, seized -b General MacArthur on..Morotat is land northeast'of Halmahera, woulr put most all of the Philippines un der threat of Aliied bombing. gPitoe strip is rapidly being rcadiei lit use. On Halmahera southwes Pacific troops have bypassed larg Japanese forces that were trlckei into the thinking the Americans would land there. Halmahera airdromes wer with 125 tons of bombs the last remnants cf Morotai's smal garrison took to the hills to be hunt ed down by American troops. Map angel 'airdrome on Celebes island was hit with 185 tons of bombs. A medium sized freighter in that area damaged. Far out to sea, Vice Adm. Marc A. Mitchcr's powerful task force 58, victor over the Jap- anese in the regent battle of the Philippine sea, roamed on the jfilcrl for the enemy fleet. So far the Japanese navy has shtnrn no disposition to come out and fight. Manila's Nipponese controlled ra- dio gave a broad hint of the ene- rajr's apprehension over the outcome of the battle for the Palau islands by sternly warning Manila residents to dig nir raid shelters at once. Pre- viously, the Tokyo radio had' ac- knowledged the success of the Allied twin drive toward the Philippines bs conceding the fall of Morotai Islam in the Moluccas to General Mac Arthur and describing the bitter fight lor the Palau group. to Raise Pay When Rules Permit DETROIT. Sept. ifirrl said today in a statement made public by the Ford news bu- reau that "I have been thinking and talking about raising wages lor some time and I am going to do It as soon as the government will me." statement by the noted in- dustrialist, whose factories employ about persons in the United States, came shortly after Chair- man William H. Davis of the War fjibor board said in Washington iTat a new national wage policy Is "inevitable." The WLB, it was In- dicated, would send direct or im- plied recommendations to the White House that labor's wages he adjusted to meet increased living rrsts. before Ford has publicly o .HpniKlon to increase wages in his factories.' In 1914 he Bet a minimum wage, well above prevailing rates, and in he raised the minimum in Ford joints to daily. Death of Finnish Premier Reported BY UNITED PRESS Berlin broadcast, heard by NUC in New York, said today that Premier Autli Hackzcll of Finland died last night in Moscow. There was no confirmation from reliable source. l.i In Moscow at the oi a Flnnieh peace mission. GERMAN PEOPLE LEARN YANKS MEAN BUSINESS BY JAMES M. LONG SUPREME HEADQiJAETERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE Sept. the.flames of the burned out German village of Wal- sniper's nest the American army bared today a hard- fisted policy jf brooking .no inter- ference on its road to victory. Liberation has been left behind in France, and Belgium and now American troops are waging war in hostile country and are deter- mined to stop forever the attempts of the German sirmy at world con- quest. Associated Fres? Correspond- ent Edward D. Ball reported from Third U. S. army head- quarters that Wallcndorf in the First army sector had been set afire and every building burned because of persistent sniping. The Americans were in no sense adopting the ruthless methods which marked the German inva- sion and .retreat, but in this case buildings from which an whether civilian or firing upon American troops were defense positions which had to be knocked out of the way for the advance. Burning the buildings was the surest way to stop the snipini It would serve another purpos of hammering home to th German people some truths abou the firm purpose of the fightin men who are on German soil L invaders. Ball's dispatch said the vil- lagers emerged from the hill and trudged back to the ruins of their homes through Amer- ican columns, looking neither to the right nor left. Their gaunt peasant faces look ed like other faces seen in the ruin of France's devastated villages. Fast Job on Japs Is Quebec Vow WAR PLANS ARE SHAPED, FDR, CHURCHILL REVEAL QUEBEC, Sept. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Chur- chill pledged today a devastating as- sault on Japan, with all the re- sources of their two mighty nations as soon as Europe is cut from un- der "the corroding heel of Nazism. The American chief executive and his British partner closed out today their second Quebec war conference at a news conference at which they said they had reached quick and compelte unanimity on plans for bending Japan into submission. Mr.. KooseveH asserted that he and the prime minister were Brazilian Coup Rumors Denied WASHINGTON, Sept. usually mformed source said here today that cable commu- nications with Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, had been interrupted, but the difficulty was subsequently traced to a temporary denial of facilities to one company. The ac- tion was taken by the Federal Communications commission in connection with rate regulations Normal cable communications with Rio are being maintained, operat- ing agencies reported. MONTEVIDEO, Sept. Brazilian Ambassador Joao Baptls- ;a Luzardo said today after con- tacting the Rio de Janeiro gov- ernment that he was fully auth- orized to issue an emphatic den- al of reports concerning uneasi- icss in Brazil. "iVIy government and I can nnly -Utr'bule (die (o the work of a fifth column in- terested in creating disturbanc- es in South the. am- bassador said in an Interview. The noon edition of the newspa- per El Tiempo said there were ru- nors that former Forcigr Minister Oswaldo Arahnha had been arrest- ed at his Rio residence while oth- jr military and civilian leaders ilso were under detention. Lnzardo aid such reports were false. Sew Armored Car WASHINGTON, Sept. The British supply council an- lounced today a new weapon, the Staohound armored car, produced nly in the United States, is now n use in various war theaters. Capable of a speed of 50 miles per lour, despite its heavy armor, the cw vehicle is used for armed re- onnaissance. It has a crew of five icn. not yet ready to put a specific date on the downfall of the ene- my 'Iri Europe, but when it comes, he said, the Allies will do the fastest possible job on Japan. The British empire, Mr. Roosevelt asserted, is of course, looking for- ward to participation. And Churchill, himself, formally pledged that the armies, air forces, and naval power of his tremendous empire w.ould be thrown into an of- 'fensive against the Pacific foe when the fighting in Germany is over. The" 'two United Nations- leaders sat-side by side in pink upholstered chairs on the wooded terrace of Quebec's ancient Citadel, and in turn told the press of their delibera- tions. They wore blue bow ties that were almost twins. Churchill had his ever-present cigar spearing frcm a corner of his mouth and Mr. Roosevelt puffed on a cigarette in an ivory holder.' Mrs. Churchill, wearing a double strand of pearls, a blue print dress, a topcoat in cape fashion and dark sun glasses, listened intently to the discusisons. No questions were permitted. Churchill smilingly remarked that there was a bit of friction at this year's he said it resulted only from Brit- ish fears that (he United Stales See QUEBEC, Fg. 13, Col. 3 General Pershing Shows Recovery WASHINGTON, Sept. IS John J. f-ershing, 84-year old gen- eral of the U. S. armies of World War I, showed some recovery to- day from the illness which has be- set him. Officials at Walter Reed hospi- tal, where Pershing has been resi- dent since a critical Illness sev- eral years ago, said his condition was improved. Last night the Ren- eral was reported to have had "a severe setback in his physical con- dition." BERLIN SIGN-POST By United Pi-ess The nearest distances to Ber- Jin from advanced Allied lines today: WESTERN FRONT 302 miles (from point east of Aachen. Gain of 53 miles in week.) t KUSSIA 312 miles (from Praga. Gain of eight miles in weefi.) SOUTHERN FRANCE 423 miles (from p'oint near Belfort. Gain of 40 miles in week.) miles (from point north of Florence. Gain of two miles in week.) Nazi VJonibs Strike Britain LONDON, Sept. bias of buzz-bombs drove home to a! Britons today the government warn ing that London is still unsafe fron the last flings of German vengeanc and the blackness of thi last night before the lights go on again over most of England. The robot launched from specially equip- ped Hcinkcl Ill's over the North sea smashed into southern England and the London area at dawn, killing at least nine persons and startling millions out of premature complacency. About the time Allied troops wen overrunning the robot launching sites along the Calais coast acres the channel. LI. Col. Sir Duncai Sandys, In charge of the robot de fcnse system, had announced tha blackout laws in effect for the pas five years would be relaxed to row. However. Sandys warned L doncrs that future attacks, though less severe than the robot raids o this summer, could be expected. In today's German remote con- trol attack, the first since Aug. 31 Ihree flying missiles were shot down two of them by Plight Lt. B. P. Mil- ler of Minneapolis. Minn., serving with an RAP Tempest squadron. Five children and one adult were killed, four others were seriously injured and seven houses were com- pletely wrecked by one of the other bombs. UP FRONT WITH MAULDIN The Weather S. DF.PART5IF.NT OK COMMERCE WEATIIF.tt IHJRF.Alf ABILENE AND VICINITY: Partly lolldy Sunday and Monday. WEST TEXAS: Showers Del Rlo- le Pass area and Ills: Bend country, ly rloudy anrt warmer remainder undav. Monday ahouers and eitnltr inha'ndle and South Plains. Partly HAST TEXAS: Show.-rs lower Rio iranite valley and Inn-ef mast. Partly otidy interior Sunday. Monday parl- rloitdy, showers extreme, north n. at. Frl. Sat. Frl. A.M. HOUR P.M. 71 Jli 1......... 81 85 73 74 81! 72 72 ........H..........8R 01) 71) 72 -1......... 88 HI (1.9-7, R......... SB 07 71 1......... 81 8ft (10 71 7......... 8.1 87 (13 71 a......... 77 71) 72 71 77 .........in......... 71 74 hO .........II......... JH 81 .........12......... U nlffh anrf low (o ft p.m. Rl yenr: 84 and (if. Sitnirt lul nlthl: (tils mornlnif: Suiml tonlrhl; tried one of Ihem labnr-manajtemcnl argymenls Lootcnant Allied Armies Tear Through German Lines By The Associated Press Germany's entire defense system in the West was grave ly menaced by the tremendous drive of six Allied armies last night as the U. S. First army, (earing through the Siegfried line in 24 hours, fought in open country within 26 miles of the bomb-wrecked' Rhine- land city of Cologne. Ahead of the First army stretched one of Hitler's boast- ed autobahns, a super road whicli the Nazis built to facili- tate their own troops move- ments, now a highway of in- vasion into the .Reich's indus- trial heart. Southward the swift Third U. S. Army in double thrusts slashed be- hind. Metz, great French fortress city still in German hands and by the capture of the western half of Thionville stood only 15 miles from the iron-rich Saar basin. Infantry of the First army yore 12 miles cast of surround- ed Aachen and the fall of that city appeared Imminent. Many patrols were beyond the last fortifications before the Rhine. Hundreds of miles behind the western front the siege of Brest ap- peared-in its final phases and the Paris radio said American forces were in the heart of that, big Brit- tany port, having taken. prisoners. On the Allied extreme south flank the U. S. Seventh army was within 33 miles of Belfort gap, escape fun- nel into the relch for the battered LONDON, Sept. Tho French radio at Algiers said tonteht that' American forces had guardian; of the Bclf gap Ger-" many. remnants of the German Iflth army. To the far north the Germans threw many counterattacks against another American advance cast of captured Maastricht, Holland, to- ward the thin Siegfried fortifica- tions north of Aachen. To the picture of pyramiding German miiilary disaster in (lie west Supreme Allied headquart- ers added that the Siegfried line has been "completely pene- but emphasized this was not yet a breakthrough which would enable troops in pour through with case. Rut it iras strongly llinfcd that a full sized breakthrough was in the offing. The Snar basin, with its wealth of coal, iron and industry, was im- periled by Lt. Gen. Georse S. Pat- .on's Third army fighting inside Thionville, only 15 miles away. Here the .Third seized a section of the Maginot line, which had been demodeled to form outworks the Siegfried line, and turned German-installed 105 mm guns on the enemy holding the half of 1'hionville on the east bank of the tfoselle. Tiie main interest In the fighting centered, on .the struggle around Aachen and it was on this sector hat supreme headquarters said the Siegfried line had been "complete- y penetrated." The drive put Lt. Gen. Hodges' First army infantry on Hitler's super highway on the road to Cologne and Berlin. It was considered likely there still were some fixed ob- stacles between them and the Khinc. Aachen itself, once the capital if Charlemagne's empire of the iVest. appeared to be toppling, K-lth latrols darting into the city and loiiRhboys surrounding it. 'The German agency DNB said he Allies hfid thrown rclnforce- icnts of tanks and infantry into ne battle of Aachen "on a large Forty miles tn the south the who 'had reached the rlge of Pram, a strongpoint in the See GERMANY, Pg. 13, Col. 7 HIGHWAYS LEADING TO BERLIN This base map pictures (he highways in western Germany along which the Allies are rolling toward Berlin. The U. S. 1st army Saturday was in the open, cast of Aachen, driving on Cologne. General Palton's 3d army circled Metz and thrust cast toward Saarlirucken (AP ;ed Army in Sofia; LONDON, Sunday, Sept. lied army troops yesterday rolled' through the capitulated Bulgarian capita] of Sofia in their drive to- ward Yugoslavia, only 30 miles be- yond, while other Soviet forces shelled burning Warsaw and befjari laying pontoon assault bridges across the Vistula river from the captured suburban area of Prago. Berlin without broadcasts reported Soviet confirmation yanks Turn Krupp Guns on the Nazis By EmvAim n. BALL WITH TIIE AMERICANS BE- ORE THIONVILLE, Snpt. 16 he U. Third army captured section of the Maginot line on ie west side of the Moselle In ils area today and turner! the crman-installcd 105 mm guns on he enemy across the river. The main stronghold seized here as Port Olngrlngcn, which was ullt in 1870 and modernized by French in 1319. In 1040 the crmans replaced the Prench-in- alled 75 mm. Rims with Krupp- anufocturcd 105's. Tho, Amcrl- .ns captured these inlaci with elr ammunition. Reds Fear We May Turn Soft MOSCOW. Sept. is a growing feeling among Russians Hint the Americans nnr] British may take loo easy nn attitude to- i Russians wilhin 60 airline miles of wards the Nazis fitter the war. the Skopljc-Nta-Bclgrade railway. that three armies, using up- wards of men in a biff new offensive in the north, had begun ;i drive on Riffa and that one spearhead In an 18-mlIc ad- vance was only 20 miles south of (he Latvian capital on Uic Baltic sea. A late dispatch said the Rus- sians had begun stringing pontoons on the Vistula opposite Warsaw de- spite the raking fire of Gej-mon butteries on the western bnnks. Officially, Moscow merely report- ed that the Red army hfld ex- tended its artillery arc with the seizure of additional localities along the east bank of the river north- of the Prasa bridgehead. t A Moscow communique snnounc- the into Sofia by units nt Marshal Fcoder I. Tolbukhln's Third Ukraine army, putting the Already comments and obser- vations cropping lip in the press point toward a Russian opinion that we may he sentimental about (he Germans. Characteristic is the comment by the famous writer Ilya Enrcnburg today's issue of Pravda, Communist party paper. "I have read carefully different prcposals for extermination oi he wrote. "In American papers I have found a number of .suggestions which would tend to be amusing if one could Jattgh after such things as the Maidancr camp at Lublin, after Babi Y.ir and other atrocity camps. "One fellow supppstcd (hat Inc. Hitlerites were, crurl brr.uiso they absr.rbcd too few vitamins, rnuld be improved through showing movie film.s. A third mentioned the fate of top-flight Hitlerites, suggesting that they be isolated on an island near California and giv- en a comfortable house to live In. "This is not funny; It, Is frlghtcn- Ehrcnburc, whose words carry elRht here, went on: "The criminals must be punished. Humanity cannot refuse to accept ,hc sword of Justice to bring about balances." German escape route from Greece find lower Yugoslavia, which al- ready has been cut by Marshal Tito's Partisans. Sofia is only 104 miles north of the Greek port of Salon- Planes Fan Out, Batter Supplies LONDON, Sunday, Sept. Allied fighters and fighter bombers, fanning out for hundreds of miles in the area immediately behind tha Siegfried line, struck German loco- motives, tank cars, trucks and barges rushing reinforcements and supplies to the enemy defenses Sat- urday. Simultaneously 150 medium bomb- er.; of the U. S. Ninth nir lorca dumped 300 tons of'bombs on the Isthmus and dike connecting Wal- ciieren island In Antwerp hnrbor with the mainland to prevent the German RarrJsnn from making n fortress of that position. Two bonb- ers failed to return. The pilots who strafrd Ger- man transport reported they hit 51 locomotives, 30 oil tank cars, 100 railway cars, three barges and three grounded German planes. Neither the medium bombers not the fighters sighted any enemy planes in the air as the weather turned bad and reduced operations. Late Saturday night the Bsrlln radio warned "enemy bombers for- mations are again over northwest Germany." in nn apparent continu- ation of the offensive by more than 800 RAF and Canadian planes that set huge fires nt the big Kiel naval bast? Friday night. Kiel, still smouldering from at- tack earlier in the week by Ameri- can heavies, was deluged with in- ikn. ccndlnrles which crews said set Since tlirlr crossing Into ni'cs ihc-v more than 10 Rfiria Sept. 8 the Russians had mllcs the way home._________ traveled an airline distance of 225 miles to Sofia in their swift drive CrUISfif AUQUStC! to annihilate all the Axlr, troops In Yugoslavia, Greece, and Albania. of Marshal Rodion Y. See RUSSIANS, Pjf. 13, Col. 4 Paper Drops Ads DALLAS, Snpl. Morning News an- nnuncrtl tonight lhat it will ap- pear Monday "without any ad- vertising whatsoever." Citing a critical shortage of newsprint, the front-page an- nouncement salil "it may be necessary to do Ihc same thing on other flays of September." To stay within Its newsprint allocation for thf; quarter end- Ing Sept. ,10, tltr Kews "must curtail news content, limit cir- culation anil still further i.ilinn advertising." Docks at Philly PHILADELPHIA, Sept. Iff) nt the Philadelphia Navy yard of the USS Augusta, heavy cruiser which toon part In the in- vasions of Norainudy and south of France, was announced today by the. fourth naval district. Tiie Augusta, frequently under fire in botn actions, escaped dam- nsc and did not lose a man, the Navy said. It will be recondition- ed at the yard. Village Captured NEW YORK, Sept. dio Atlantik, clandestine German lanfiinge station whose location never has been disclosed, said to- day Allied forces had captured EscliTOllcr, seven miles northeast of Aachen and were only 21 miles from Cologne. The broadcast was recorded by NBO.