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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 6, 1944, Abilene, Texas WPB to Clip All Strings on Civilian Production When War With Germany Ends STORY IN COLUM THREE MOMING "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR TOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXIV, NO. 80 A TEXAS NIWSPAPSB .ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 6, 1944 PAGES Associated Press (AP) Pulled Press (Vf.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Yanks Reported on Reds Advance in Poland, Romania J LONDON, Wednesday, Sept. Red army raced beyond Craiova in western Romania less tlian 50 miles from Yugoslavia today and cracked the totigH German line on the Narew river in Poland in a great offensive to by-pass Warsaw on the north. Having formally declared war on Bulgaria, Russia also moved toward invasion of that recalcitrant Axis satellite but kept silent on the latest military developments. Advancing in Romania at the "breakneck speed of more than 70 miles a day, a Russian armored force already was on a strategic springboard for an immediate united front with ilarshal Tito's Yugoslav Partisans and the invasion of the Hungarian plain. The Soviet midnight communique did not announce any advance onto Bulgarian soil but Red troops already were drawn up along 200 miles of the Romanian-Bulgarian border Ad it was probable that Cossack cavalry- already were galloping across the southern Dobruja and that Russian tanks were in the process of crossing the Danube into Bul- .gfria farther west. Capture of Craiova less than 50 miles east, of the Yugoslav border, placed other Russian forces, evidently Gen. Rodion Y. Malinovsky's Second Ukrain- ian army, less than 115 miles of Sofia, Bulgarian capi- tal. On Monday Joseph Morton, Asso- ciated Press correspcndent flying over Romania said he saw and id- entified Russian units already well of Craiova, apparently head- ing for an early junction with Mar- shal Tito's Yugoslav Partisans. Tonight the Moscow radio an- nounced that "a new powerful Allied front" was shaping up in the Bal- kans, with Tito about to strike, aid- the approach of the Red army and drawing help from the Allies in Italy. The day's lighting in Poland put the Soviet troops in possession ot t.'je important railway town of Wys- Jyff, 26 miles northeast of Warsaw between the capital and Lomza, and the town of Rzhekun, two miles below the big communications cen- ter of Ostroleka, 29 miles south ol many points. Warsaw thus was be- outflanked and Lomza virtual- ly encircled. The Germans had admitted the day previously that the Rus- sians made brtaches in Nazi de- fense lines in the Wyszkow area, K and today the Berlin radio ad- Jimttcrt the N'arcw had been crossed at one point and said, "this sector has become the out- standing storm center of the eastern front. "The Russians have put three into the field here in ord- er to achieve a decisive break- through. "Although our reserves stopped the enemy from achieving his aim, fighting continues in full fury." The Russians said their drive had mopped up more than 100 towns and was continuing. rivestock Move nto Livestock to be shown in the go-around" of the West Texas fair were arriving almost hourly at the fair grounds yester- day nnd indications were for an outstanding show of Quarter horses, Jerseys and swine. A total of 126 head of jerseys 'are entered in what is generally believed to he the strongest dairy show ever held in Abi- lene. The entries are from sev- eral counties. Exhibitors include Ray Crowell of (fiilene, W. E. Elton Brigham of Tuxedo, Emma Lee and Richard Stuart of Eoby, J. C. Jessie Ford of Lucders. I. B. Duck Sons of Abilene and Tuscola, H. L. Ratliff of Cisco, Bobby, James and F. E. Walker of Cisco, O. D. Knox of Miby, Herman McSpaddcn of Rotan, Wanda Weems of Rotan, Kenneth Barnes of Hoby, Frank Moore of Roby. M. S. Reynolds of McCaul- ley, W. D. Miers of Rotan and Freddie Mac Stuart of Roby. .Bohby Joe Griffin of Ovalo, Lowell fiOnnson of Ovalo, C. G. Cowden of Abilene. Elvin Ray Hanzel of Roby, J. B. Farr Jr. of Abilene, Wayne Stewardson of Santa Anna, Raymond. McNutt of Abilene, Billy Bob Barnes of Roby, Merlin Hagler SanVa Anna, W. Willis Cox of Abilene, Marsliallene and Marlda June Ray of Abilene, Bobby Harri- son of n.inscr. J. C. White ot Rotan, M. J. Gulllet of Rotnn, V. B. Rowland of Stamford, Charles ficc LIVESTOCK, Page 2, Col. 7 Reds Stop Talk, WaronBulgars LONDON, Sept. declared war on Bulgaria tonight after repeatedly warning that small minion of Adolf Hitler that her be- lated attempt to adopt "strict neu- trality" was hopelessly insufficient to atone for her war participation with the Axis. With the Red army already straining at the leash along 200 miles of the Romanian-Bulgarian border, a quick plunge across was expected, with Bulgaria's collapse an early likely, development. The Russian Jflcclaartion flat- ly accused Bulgaria of harbor- ing German soldiers whom the Kcd army has chased out of Romania, and with whom' ft is eager- to settle accounts. Bulgaria, In the .Axis camp for nearly four years and a belligerent against Britain and the United States, had refrained from going Io war against Russia, a country she long has regarded as her Slavic friend. Soviet Foreign Commissar Molo- tov, however, in announcing the war declaration, declared, "for more than three years Bulgaria has in practice helped Germany in war against the Soviet union." her Ranger Resident Since 1885 Dies RANGER, Tex., Sept. Artha Rawls, 93, of Tyler and resident of Ranger since 1885. died today at a1 hospital here as result of a hip injury received Aug. 12. Funeral services will be held Thursday. Survivors include a son, R. B. Rawls of Fort Worth, and-a daugh- ter, Mrs. W. R. Bowden of Mid- land. War Output To lake 40 Percent Dip WASHINGTON, Sept." 5 War Production board announced tonight a de- cision to scrap virtually all controls over production of civilian goods, once the war with Germany ends. Anticipating that war produc- tion can be scaled down 40 per- cent, the decision contemplates continuance of controls to get the munitions needed to defeat Japan but giving industry prac- tically a free hand to take what materials are left and make "whatever people want." J. A. Krug, acting chairman of the WPB, said the Army, Navy'and major war agencies had unani- mously agreed on the program, de- signed to provide the utmost stimu- lus to reconversion after Germany's defeat, but at the same time pro- tecting production necessary for the Japanese war. The board decided on the follow- ing program: 1. Removal of almost all controls over materials immediately on Ger- many's defeat except those abso- lutely necessary to assure the neces- sary war production to defeat Jap- This means that any manu- facturer can use any plants and any materials that are not needed for military production. 2. The War Production board and other goVernment; agencies will use their full power's to assist and enr courage industry In resuming .civil- ian production and maintaining em- ployment through the "know-how" of its industry divisions and indus- try-labor advisory committees. 3. The board will maintain its organization and powers so as not to relinquish authority until it is certain that the war production program is adequate for victory over Japan. Under the plan, there will be only one preference rating, in addi- tion to the present emergency tri- ple-A rating, and this will be reserv- ed exclusively for military pro- grams during the war agahist Jap- i. All other production will be un- rated, and manufacturers will be permitted to accept unrated arti- cles but they will be required to fill rated military orders ahead of oth- er business. Paul V. McNutt, War Manpow- er commissioner, attended the meet- ing and said the commission soon would announce a program for man- power after Germany's defeat de- signed to dovetail with the WPB program. Bomber Output High WASHINGTON, Sept. Heavy bombers have been rolling out of American factories at the rate of a month since June, the War Production board nounced today. Fate Rests With Reserves, Germany Told LONDON, Sept. Gen. Kurt Dittmar, propaganda spokes- man for the German high command, told the Reich tonight that a "deficiency of means has placed success out of our reach" at present but that a new total mobilization would soon stabilize the western front. Dittmar compared the Allies' breakthrough to the Germans' own smash through the Slaginot line In 1940 and said the "basic reason underlying ail our difficulties is insufficient number of the forces employed." But, he added, this will be different from now on. "Now we are fighting on considerably reduced he asserted. "When our national strength, whose total mobilization has been the aim of all our efforts in the last few weeks, is concentrated on the shortened prepared lines then it will be possible for us to restore the strategic balance which we have now lost In the west." Dittmar conceded the job of stopping the Allies would not be easy. "Nobody must forget that we'shall have to make tremendous efforts and prove exceptional steadfastness until the front In the west will again be he said. Making use of an ancient Roman term, the of the third line, the last said Germany's fate "is indeed in. the hands of the trlarli." Other Nazi commentators said Germany's strategy now was to play for time, to fight a battle of attrition in the rear while building internal defenses that would withstand the Allies, and Stockholm dispatches quoted the German press as saying that Hitler was forming bands for guerrilla warfare. A broadcast on the German military radio said "the time has come to make radical decisions in the west" and explained that the high com- mand is faced with three lead Nazi troops from France back into Germany; to gain time; and to build a hedgehog position from which Germany, at the chosen moment, can launch a counterattack." Other German broadcasts predicted twin Allied Invasion drives for the Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's Third Army through Luneville, Gahveen, the Ardennes and the Vosgcs mountains, and by Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's Seventh Army through the Bclfort gap between the Vosges anil Jura mountains. DNB said strong Allied armored columns had been observed south of Besancon and striking north "with orders to force the Bclfort gap." The German radio placed the main massing of the Third Army at the headwaters of the Meuse river on the northwest shoulder of the Vosges mountains, northeast of Langrcs. FunanticsTops On Fair Billing Threatening skies and occasional sprinkles of rain failed to curtail attendance at the West Texas Fair Tuesday and for the fourth straight performance, the grandstand was packed as the Taylor county sheriff's posse entertained with strictly for-Iun show. Today is Army Day and top- ping the schedule Is the pres- entation of all- soldier show from the Army Service Forces Training center of Camn Barkcley. "Funantics" will be presented in front of the grandstand at 8 o'clock. Following the soldier show is surprise a chemical war- fare munitions display, which will be of outstanding interest to civil- ians. It will offer non-military persons their first chance to sec in use the weapons the Army uses in fighting a chemical war and that attraction alone is expected to fill the stand again. Exhibited will lie the famed flame thrower which has been used extensively in the South Pacific, white phosphorous gren- ades used for smoke screens snd as weapons, various types of incendiary bombs which have been used over European cities and over Tokyo; land mines filled with liquid smoke, used io provide smoke screen for airborne troops. Lt. Richard Mus'ser. Camp Bark- eley chemical warfare officer, will See FAIK, Page 2, Col. 4 McCarran in Front In Nevada Election CARSON CITY. Nov.. Sept. Pat McCarran took the lead in the Democratic primary race for renomination over his oppon- ent, Lieut. Gov. Vail Pittman, with incomplete returns from 82 out of 283 precincts, including parts of nine counties out of the state's 17, .votes and Pitt- Airmen Destroy 37 Jap Vessels By the Associated Press The fury of relentless Allied aerial smashes against Japa- nese shipping was reported by Gen. Douglas MacArthur to- day to have resulted in the sinking or damaging of 37 addi- tional Nippon surface craft including a fleet of barges and small vessels loaded with troops. About 24 hours earlier the two American Pacific com- manders officially listed 56 Japanese cargo ships, barges and other craft as sent to the bot- tom or seriously damaged by Yank naval gunners and fliers. The general's Wednesday com- munique said Allied air patrols destroyed or damaged 13 small troop carrying craft in Cele- bes. Eight' freighters and 13 barges caught at Halmahcra Is- land, south of the Philippines, received similar treatment. A freighter was sent down In Da- vao gulf; southern Philippines. At Ambonia, south of Halmahera, a freighter was driven ashore and a coastal vessel destroyed. Heavy Yank bombers hit Ken- dari, Celebes, and unloaded 20 tons of explosives on defense and supply areas at Wewak, New Guinea. With American planes and naval guns blasting her shipping wherev- er it is found in the vast Pacific war theater, Japan indicated Tues- day- that she was hard-pressed for oil with which to keep her mili- tary machine functioning. Radio Tokyo, having recently moaned about an acute ship- ping shortage, said Japan's mun- itions ministry had brought about large-scale mergers of pro- ducers designed to meet "a cry- ing need for urgent action re- garding the production of syn- Ihelic oil." The most recent Yank hits against Nippon's dwindling shipping were officially reported 56 surface craft ranging from car- go ships to barges, sunk or damag- ed by naval gunfire and aerial bombs that thundered from the Kuriles, in the far north, to the waters south of the Philippines. THE Dude, grand champion Palomino stallion ot the West Texas Fair Palomino show, is pictured nhovc. The horse was shown by D. L. Haralsnn of San Anficlo, who has "refused to price" the beautiful animal, turning a deaf car to all sorls of offers. (Turn to page 12 for photos of more fair (Gilstrap Studio France to Have Say In Reich Occupation WASHINGTON, Sept. The United States, Britain and Rus- sia are expected to consult France on plans, for the military occupa- tion and control oi defeated Ger- many, it was learned today, and the newly liberated country will have a place both In the control or- ganization and In tlie military forces occupying the rcich. The three powers will deal with France through the European Ad- visory commission, a Brltlsh-Htis- sian-Amerlcan organization charg- ed with working out European and prti'ticuiaily German political prob- lems. One veil Informed oflicial said that France would not he brought into the European Advisory com- mission for the time being but that 11 it is revised along niultl-nn- tional lines into an Alllwi high com- mission for Europe, Prance as well as some of the smailrv European powers will be assigned member- ship. Nazi Assault at Rimini Smashed ROME, Sept. 5 Canadian forces of the British Eighth army dealt bluntly today with reinforc- ed German armor which attempt- ed to liquidate the Allied bridge- head across the Conca river near Rimini, knocking out a score of enemy tanks and leaving the battle- field littered with Nazi dead as they beat off a scries of counterattacks. Eighth army shock troops, Includ- ing Poles and Indians, extended their holdings within the enemy's Gothic line defenses and called on the Navy for assistance in blasting the Germans loose from their con- crete bastions in the Adriatic coast- al sector. All the way from Florence to (he Italian cast coast Allied in- fantry ami tanks probed and stabbed at Nazi defenses. Cana- dian troops advanced to within six miles of Rimini, terminus of a vital highway through the Po valley. Between Florence and the Med- iterranean the American Fifth army, after .spcuiing donjimitJng ridges and high hill country east of Pisa, moved forward along a broad front. One column reached the banks of the Serchlo river and approached the outskirts of Lucca, 10 miles northeast of Pisa. Six important roads funnel through Lucca, and the presence of doughboys at its gates represent- ed a gain of more than five miles in that sector. Post Office Plans Thursday Holiday The local post office will close at noon Thursday for Abilene day at the West Texas state fair. Postmas- ter O. A. Hale stated yesterday. Morning cltv nnd rural rielivpjle.s will be made Thursday and the win- flows will be open till noon. No de- liveries will ?o out after lunch. Punchboards Seized By Abilene Police Punchboards showed up in Abi- lene last night for the first time lu months and were immediately seized by police. Three boards were picked up at a PHe tsreet cafe and officers were instructed to search for the estab- lishment's owner. Police Capt. Tom Summers .said punchboads have been missing here for well over a year "They're against the law and we j won't have he said. Seven Indicted, Two for Murder Two men were charged with mur- der Lnd five others with lesser crimes in indictments icturned yes- teerday by the grand jury in 42d district court. Murder indictments named William Mc.Mahon, who Is al- leged to have stomped Luther Collins to death Aue. 18 while the two were held In the clly jail, and Willie Crumplon, ne- of fatally shoot- Ing Bcrnlcc Coll, negro, after the two had been In conversa- tion at Slh anil Willow lat on the night of July 30. E. L. Hill and Douglas Peltis were Indicted for robbery in con- nection frith the Aug. 31 brief Wd napping of Mrs. Willie B. Donald- son and theft of her automobile and S250 in cash. C. C. Richardson was charged with assault to murder Kay Doane Aug. 13. Murl C. Sedbcrry in two indictments with felony theft of automobiles of Mrs. J. J. Cavln and J. O. Martin on July 26, and H. B. Vestal with'attempted rape. Charges against Hill and Pettis are based on statements of Mrs. Donaldson which said the men en- tered her car on Oak street, forced her to drive them to San Angclo nncl back toward Abilene, releasing her near Lake Abilene after rob- bing her and taking the car. Pettis was returned to Abilene Tuesday from Fort Worth, Red Wil- liams, deputy sheriff, who brought him in, said the accused man, 22. has spent eight and a half years in correctional Institutions. Murder Indictment- Returned at Anson ANSON, Sept. Indictment charging R. Parker. Stamford negro, with the murder of Otto Hudson, another negro, has been returned by the grand jury In 104th district court. Also Indicted Is an- other man, not under arrest on charges of rape, Parker has been hospitalized since the alleged shooting in July, having been wounded by George Fiournoy, city marshall of Stam- ford, who said lie resisted arrest. Senate Clock Stops WASHINGTON, Sept. 5 The senate's clock stopped today and J. Mark Trice, deput sergeant at arms, hazarded a guess that maybe Its works had been jolted by last nlglit's earthquake. Saarbrucken, Aachen 'Won' NeuiralsHear By the Associated Press Two swift American armies, still operating in a partial blackout, were reported with- out confirmalion last night to have crossed the German bor- der at two points along a wide front and to have captured (he cities of Saarbrucken and Aachen just inside the Reich frontier. Another "reliable" report from the French-Swiss border declared that Yank forces had reached Strasbourg, France, on the Rhine frontier 70 miles east of Nancy. For three days, while British columns smashed quickly across Belgium and well into Holland, the two American armies of Generals Patton and Hodges had been op-. crating In semi-silence to keep the Nazis baffled ns to the speed and direction of their drives toward the Reich. Possibly they already had plunged into German soil, as frontier reports insisted. They would be Inside Germany if they had maintained the speed of their advance since Paris fell. The Nazis, however, gave no hint that their "holy soil" had yet been Invaded, and an official Allied announcement said only that the U. S. First .Army had reached Namur, Bel- 'gluin, some 60 miles from Aachen in Germany, It was announced that the Brit- ish captured Antwerp, Belgium's best port, almost intact, supplying a valuable base for the continuing campaign in Holland, Denmark and Road to Berlin By The Associated Press 1. Russian front: 322 miles (from eastern suburbs of War- 2. Western front: 303 miles (from Breda. 3. Southern France: 560 miles (from 4. Italian front: 585 miles (from south of Germany. Another British spear- head fouBht its way to within three miles of Boulogne on the French coast. Operating ahead of ground forces, up to 750 American heavy bombers from Britain blasted tlie German cities of Stuttgart, Karlsruhe and Ludwlgshafen. Karlsruhe is an im- portant rail center through whose yards any Nazi reinforcements for the Strasbourg-Saarbrucken area must pass. Lightning fighters caught a large fleet of German fighters grounded on improvised airfields and destroyed 60 of them. The American ami French Seventh army pursuing beaten German forces out of southern Prance advanced another 18 miles to a point midway be- tween Macon am! Clialon, well north of Lyon. Enemy pris- oners captured in the three week campaign passed Supreme headquarters, remain- ing non-committal about all re- ports, both Rood and bad in this sector in conformance with its See FltAXCE, Pace 2, Col. 5 The Weather S. UKI-AKT.MKNT or CO.M.MCRCK WIJATllfcK BUItKAl! AlHI.r.M. AMI VILI.NTM: Cloudy mi! ratlier cnol with sliouera and 111 lei-storms rfixl 'I IVIJST SWEDEN 10 REFUSE WAR CRIMINALS PEACE HAVEN Llilll rlr.uily anil i-t.ifile Pass nilrrilormn s. parti) noil ttiun- rlion H7 inch and Inw MHl liN. ant) I vrar: Ji7 and li.'.. h't Simrl" mnrnti-e: Sunset ionlflit: STOCKHOM, Sept. 5 Sweden will refuse nsylum to war; criminals and return to their own! countries for Justice any who "slip through" the Swedish frontiers, Minister of Social Affairs Ou.stav Moeller declared in a speech to- night. Noting that. Sweden's frontiers of war, will try to escape to neutral countries, including Sweden, In order to elude pun- ishment. "Our policy so far has been to keep our frontiers open for ref- ugees, but it should not be con- ducted that Sweden will be open, nr Is prepared to grant nyslum, to those who by their actions have have been open to all defied the conscience of the civlll- Moriler .said "rim-mg (lib war, how- world or bclra.ral their own country. "It cnn there have been committed terrible deeds of such a nature that hardly anybody, previously would have thought them possible In a world calling Itself civilized. Such deeds been committed above nil in the occupied coun- tries." Mofilcr continued: "II k probable that many people, knowing tbfy are re- sponsible fur actions which have shocked the minds and sense of Justice of ordinary people, and which cannot be Justified by Ihe'iciiulrciiicntJ be taken for granted Sweden will close Its frontiers In the face of a large or a small in- vasion of such 'political' refugees anrt should anyone slip through he will be returned to his own coun- try." This was Sweden's first public pronouncement ree.irdlng her atti- tude toward war criminals since the United Nations appealed ill' 1943 to neutrals to close their bor- ders to them. Turkey was tile only country which responded then.
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