Sunday, September 3, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 3, 1944, Abilene, Texas Hitler Expected to Announce Crossing of Nazi Frontier by Patton in Speech Today LONDON, Sept. Hitler, reporUd by'German diplomats In Lisbon today to be planning a sensational speech Sunday, probably will announce the crossing of the German frontier by Lt, Gen. George S. ration's tanks and summon the German people to battle on their "holy Hitler, who five years mo let eut to conquer the world {Succeeded in bestriding: the continent before ihe Ilde lurnzd disas- trously, ts expected to offer his nation what Prime Minister Churchill did the Britons in their 1940 loll, tears and summon them as Churchill did to "fight In the hills." There was no advance notification by Nazi press or radio services that Hitler would speak, but for security reasojis there has not been any for any of his recent talks. When he last spoke over the radio dramatically In the early morning of July 21 after the alleged attempt on his life the only advance notice was "achtung, achtung. The fuehrer wil speak in a few minutes." Several times his speeches have been printed In the press only after they had been made at an unstated time and place. "He should have plenty to tell his said an aulhorliatlve source, "and if he hurries, he can tell them ration's over border. He had betler hurry if he is joint; lo call for a fight in the On the occasion of the fifth anniversary of the outbreak of the war. Col. Gen. Heinz Guderian, chief of the German army general staff, In an appeal to members of the Hitler youth movement said that "gigantic, enemy superior power" had pushed back the Nazi battle lines, but Ger- man soldiers were "determined to prevent the enemy from entering German soil." Guderian said the task of stopping the Allies "would be solved If. the whole German people jointly defended its country." The Nazi armored specialist concluded his 'appeal by saying "I hope you will preserve the Impetus of youth and the belief In the fuehrer. This war Is being waged for your Germany, your future and your welfare. You have to fight for Germany as almost every German generation has had to fight." SAVE WASTE PAPER Bundle papers and magazinei For pick-up Sunday SUNDAY VOL. LXIV, NO. 78 A TEXAS 3-U, NIWSPAPIR "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE. TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 3, 1944-THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES'IN THREE SECTIONS AuocMed era, Vniled Press (V.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS WE PUSH INTO BELGIUM Finland Pledges Peace; Nazis to Get Out WHS UNLEASH NEW FREAK AERIAL WEAPON LONDON, Sept. Germans steered two explosive-packed aircraft against England last night frtheir first known blow at this country with a new freak terror weapon controlled by a pickaback pilot plane. The general opinion was that this was not the highly-advertised "vengeance ifeapon No. but possibly a substitute. A The Air and Home security, ministries, identifying We queer machines as probably "lower components of composite said they did little damage and caused no casualties. The new weapon aroused no fears here, and there even wax some faint hope that, resort to so unwieldly and costly a device might be tacit Admission by the Germans that their "V-2" had failed as a successor to the robot bombs. With the robot bomb-launching coast being rapidjy overrun by Allied armies in Prance, the robot attack on London ceased for many hours. Artxious to keep details on performance of the new weapon from the Germans, the government an- nouncement gave no indication of the destructive force of the device, but press reports said one of the two that landed in England fell in an open field and caused a very heavy blast. The sky monstrosity first was reported a month ago from France, where a Messerschmitt 109 fighter was seen In flight hooked on top of a twin- engined Junkers 88 bomber which had been stripped of equipment and packed with an esti- mated pounds of explosive. The two aircraft were rigged to take off together with one man In the slngle-engined fighter guiding the whole thing until near the target. Then he is supposed to release the unoccupied bomber and let it glide or power-crash against his objective. ROME, The American Fifth Army lashed out in a new offensive today, burst across the Arno in a wide front, seized Pisa and stormed dominating heights on the east in concert with a new drive by the famed Brit- ish Eighth army through a 20-mile hole in the. Gothic line. As thr whole Italian Front flamed Into action, the vaunted Gothic Field Mar- shal Gen, Albert Kcssclrlng had ordered held for three more weeks to hold open a route of .g escape through Ihe Brenner 'pass appeared crumbling on bolh the cast and west. Taking advantage of German pre- occupation with the smashing of- fensive of the British, Canadians and Poles at the Adriatic end of line, the Americans first launch- er! a flanking movement across the Arno. Threatened with encirclement, the Germans hastily evacuated his- toric Pisa, famed for Its-Leaning tower. Kessclring had ordered Pisa 9 mly held and the Nazis there had rained artillery fire on the attack- Ing Americans who had held the city's southern outskirts on the south side of the Arno since July 22. The special announcement of rasa's fall said Americans had driv- en four, miles beyond to the Ser- chio. riy.tr. Negro, "troops of the 92nd U. S. division, making their first appear- ance in the battle line, stormed up 0 e southeast slopes of Monte Pi- saho, from .whose frowning heights the .enemy 'has lobbed, shells into the American lines during the long stalemate on this front. Simultaneously, A m erican- horn Japanese in another Fifth column swung across the river ami occupied Ihe south- western slopes. The Pisano mass lies east and north of Pisa, western anchor of the Allied lines. drive wns no sideshow, but J; full-scale offensive co-ordinated with the Eighth and designed to overrun ihe maze of mine fields, pillboxes and barbed wire entan- glements of the mountains and spill out Into the plains In the val- y ol the PO. Fifth Captures Pisa Hole Punched In Gothic Line GO THROUGH FAIR'S GATES; ANIMALS JUDGED A two-day total of between 12 and 14 thousand paid attendance last night had completely erased any qualms West Texas Fair asso- ciation officials might have had about staging this year's big show. The, fair is packing in visitors in numbers far exceeding those of ear- lier events and .if thfi remaining Robert McClesky Reported Missing Private Robert MoCIesky. 23, son of Mrs, Vina McClesky, 2741 Hick- ory, is missing in action in Prance, his family' was notified as yester- day. The official notification came to his wife, who with their eight- seven days prnve as successful the optimistic estimate of 75.000 total gate may be reached by next Sat- urday nielit. Association manager Grover Nelson estimated Saturday's af- ternoon and night crowd at bet- ter than and this fisure was set In mid-evenuiff, before Supper Club attendance had reached Us peak. Almost 4000 persons trekked through the pay-gate Friday, opening night. Fair hours tomorrow are from 12.30 to 7 p. m. The Palomino horse Soviet Truce Terms Yet to. Be Disclosed By the -Associated Press LONDON, Sept. Premier Hantti Hackzell of Finland told the nation tonight that peace must be made with Rus- sia and that the Germans had decided to withdraw from Finland. He said he did not yet know what Russia's would be, but peace terms that Moscow "has not asked unconditional surrender." Speaking on the radio after a meeting of the Finnish parliament, Hackzell declared: "The military ..and political situation, roaflo If necessary for us lo try lo find a solution. .In April Ihe situation was not so bad, but as a result of the So- viet offensive In June our forces had lo be withdrawn." It was hi April that Finland re- jected Russian peace terms as too stern. President Bisto Ryti and his government resigned early in Aug- ust and Finland's famous old Field Marshal Baron Carl Gitstav Man- nerhelm became president and nam- ed Hackzell premier on Aug. 8. Ever since then, Finland has been re- ported seeking some way of escap- ing from the war. Speaking directly to his country- men tonight, Hackzell said "the military situation also has become worse for Germany, which now has show, a free grandstand attraction, to use all her available forces for PVT. ROBERT JfcCLESKElf months-old (laughter, B a b a r a Lynn, Is residing with her mother, in Mineral Wells. Private McClesky is a brother of Mrs. Bill Rcidy and Mrs. Cecil Vick of Abilene. He enlisted last November after working in Cali- fornia shipyards several months. Born in Stamford, he has lived In Abilene since childhood. Th? last letter received from Mc- Vlesky was written at St. Lo, Prance. Two brothers of the missing In- fantryman are In the Seaman Wal- lace Reid McClesky and Seabee Ed McClesky. REPORTER-NEWS WILL NOT PUBLISH LABOR DAY, SEPT. 4 No Morning or Evening popers will be published Lobor Ooy, Monday, September 4. In order to conserve newsprint, tne Publishers of The Reporter- News decided fo iklp publication on five holidays in 1944. The Business Office will bi open until 12 noon, Mondoy, September 4. Thi Editorial Department will be open alter 3 p. m. starts at and the exhibits and midway will be open. Judging: of Palomino breeding classes and sheep and gouts high- lighted Saturday afternoon activi- ties nnd tile second of four Palo- mino horse show performances played to a grandstand capacity last night. Golden Dude, beautiful yearling owned and exhibited by D. L. Har- alson of San Angelo -J'as named grand champion stallion of the Palomino show. The heavy-muscled colt of pronounced Quarter breed- ing was a blue ribbon in the stock horse class. Grand championship in (he mare class went fo Goldic Red- wood, shown by J. Fergu- son of Wichita Falls. The threc- j-car-old inare was first in the slock horse class and also was of Quarter horse breeding. In the keenly contested foal class Gilbert Sanders of Son Angelo won first with Golinda. B. E. Brooks of San Angelo and Haralson were the top money win- See FAIR, Pg. 8, Col. 3 the defense of her homeland. "Many Gorman forces no longer believe in victory. "Therefore, a new phase has be- gun in German-Finnish relations It Is not possible for Germany to give us sufficient help to stay in the war." Hackzell .said nothing about fl forma! Finnish break with Ger- many .such as had been predicted in earlier Stockholm dispatches, but said former President Rytl's agreement with Germany was "no longer valid" and that Ryti was personally responsible for it. He said Finland had approached Hussia for an armistice after "the United States wns informed and had no objections." Stockholm dispatches said the Germans had been given until Sept. IS to clear out of Finland. Holiday Deaths Standing at 37 Still Is Uncovered Eddie Gfrnrd of Haskcl! county is charged there with possessing and operating an unlicensed still which was uncovered Saturday by George W. Council, head of the Abilene dis- trict of the state liquor control board, and Jim Isbcll, deputy .sheriff in Hnfkell county. The small still was 'found county. on a ranch in the The Weather L'. S. DKPAKTMKNT OF COMMKRCL WEATHER Rt'KCAU ABILKNK AND VICIXJTV; J'arlJj' clou (i y Stinilay and Munilay. WKST TEXAS: Partly rlourty anil windy Sunday and Monday, Cooler in Die 1'xnhnniJir Mond.ij. KAS1 TEA AS: Partly cloudy Sunday and Monday. Sciillrred afternoon ttnin- aM Sun- Monday. Sciillrred afte hnivtr.-i nor tlic ujiper TEMPERATURES- HOUR Rn n .........u......... mi ........n......... IllRh anr! Imv Irmprrulurrx In If (13 Ml. Illrli nml IIMV same lint year: nixl Siimrl nlcht: Sunrl.f mnrnlnt; sunitt lonlihl: By The Associated Press A total of 37 fatal accidents was re- ported by 16 fetfiles at the end of Ihe first day of (he long holiday week end last night. Of the deaths, which were six above (hose for the same period last year, 23 were from traffic acci- dents, 7 drownines, and 7 miscel- laneous. La.st year's total for the week end was more than 200. DOLLING UP FOR is getting all dolled up to celebrate the coming victory over Germany. Capitol dome, in background of photo above, has just been repainted. Workman irT'fo'reground is fixing up a flood-light that will illuminate the dome when news that V-Day is here is flashed. Unlike their YANKS OF '44 GOING TOO FAST TO SEE GAY PAREE Radio Places Tanks Over Nazi Frontier LONDON, Sept. troops raced into Belgium tonight and punched through the old French Magi- not line on the German border, beginning the battle for Germany's "inner fortress." At the same time, German diplo- mats in Lisbon announced Adolf Hitler would make a "sensa- tional speech" Sunday. (The clandestine German-language Radio Atlantik, In a broadcast heard by NBC, said Allied tanks already had crossed the German border Saturday afternoon, presumably in the former no-man's-land between the Maginot line and the German Westwall or Siegfried line.) The drive into Belgium was in two columns which already were less than 46 miles from Brussels, whence the Germans were fleeing. Scattered resistance was put up at the border. In northwestern France British and Canadian troops wera jfast rolling up the robot bomb sites which have been ing explosives on London since mid-June. German troops were reported withdrawing from thai Netherlands as well as Belgium, flooding the country in theix effort to delay the onslaught on Germany's own soil. Some of Ihe most sensational battle news came from Berlin Itself. A Broadcast said U. Gen. ration's Thin) U. S. Army was fiffhiln? near the Maginot line and only two miles from the Belgian and Luxembourg at Thionvlllc, only Jl mllei from Germany's Saar, slle of much Sail Industrial strength. Iji the east, powerful Soviet armies were massed opposite northern Poland The Third White Russian army under the 36-year-old Jewish tank expert, Gen. Ivan Chcrnlakhovsky, actually was on the East Prus- sian-border, Nazis Try to Get 'Far Behind' Front Lines writer of this article, a long-time member of the reporter-News staff, went to Francs as a 'teen-age GI in 1918 and served Patch's Troops Lunge on Lyon ROME, Sept. American Seventh army troops drove on Lyon tonight after cap- turing; the Rhone valley" town of Vienne, 14 miles io the south. Earlier Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's Americans had thrust quickly through the village of Beaii- rcpalre, 30 miles south of Lyon. The official announcement of Ihe latest gains declared "action has been linked largely to enemy de- fense of road blocks and patrol clashes." Nowhere In southern France was any German unit still at- tempting a determined stand, and even the rearguards were losing heart as the threat of be- ing cut off from escape to the Reich grew steadily with the advance of other American forces towards the German and Swiss frontiers. On the west side of the Rhone river French columns continued mopping-up operations and passed Montfaucon and Torunon, bolh more than 40 miles below Lyon. Earlier observation had shown that the enemy was digging some defensive positions around Lyon, presumably hi (he hope of sloa-inp the American puiviiii. swiftness of the advance, however, miclit cause the Germans to nilimnush Lynn without s real fteht for that famcus silk center. 19 months there and in the Army of Occupation In Germany. A member of the famed division, he served the medical detachment of an infantry regiment as a stretcher bearer on the battlefields of the Alsne-Marnc, St. Mihicl and Meusc- Argonne and Chateau-Thierry of- feasives and was wounded In action.) By BRUCF, FRANCIS Maybe they will, but again they may not. That. maybe they'll learn the last verse of then, they may not. We mean the Yanks of who now arc strutting their stuff in France where many of I heir dads kicked up their heels back in 1918. Trouble is, these modern Yanks are not going lo be in France long enough lo learn ev- en the first verses of that fam- ous World I song, that is unless they've heard Ihclr old men singing them at veterans conventions or on other ccasions where salt! old men let down their hair for a spell. Really, "Mademoiselle" Is not ex- actly one of the classics, and It has countless variations. Many a Yank of 1017-19 stayed in France from one to two years and was still learn- ing new versions of the song when he climbed aboard a boat for home. For a couple of months after D- Day it looked like the Yanks of 1944 were in for a long stay in Fr.-.nce. One youngster of the cur- rent war wrote his parents not too long nc.o, "I'm sweating out those Russians. Looks like they're going to bent to Paris." Wltiie they were fighting in N'or- In Italy the Americans and Brit- ish had unleashed a new offensive, capturing Pisa, and pouring through a 20-mile hole In the enemy's Goth- ic line. Now the way to the Po val- ley in the. north was open. German rear guards In southern France were fighting desperate de- laying actions Just south of Lyon In an effort to protect the flight of their main forces toward the Reich frontier, -85 miles to the northeast. U. S. troops under LI. Gen. Alex- ander M. Patch were within a few miles of the big silk center In their advance up the Rhone valley. Nowhere in France had the Germans made a cohesive stand, and Berlin itself frankly sahl the Nazi armies were trying lo gel "far behind" the western battle lines In an effort lo pro- tect the avalanche sliding to- ward the Reich. most in ruins with the defection ol Romania where Russian troops have Inundated the plains leading toward Hungary and southern Germany and are drawn up along the BuU yarlan frontier. Bulgaria Hscif was In a danger- ous position, trying to wriggle out of the war with a declaration of neutrality but told firmly by Mos- cow that she must declare war on Germany. Hungary was swept with sabotags and disaffection for the Axis, re- ports said, and underground armies were now lighting In the open in, Slovakia. Both Budapest and Bu- charest agreed that Romanians were attacking the Hungarians in Transylvania. Allied pilots said reconnaissance showed the Germans were trying1 to net out of Yugoslavia and Greece, before they are trapped by the Rus- Germany's Balkan edifice was nl- Elan strides through Romania. Americans Reported in West Part of Brest LONDON Sept Berlin the Third army's breakthrough Into Ihe Breton peninsula a mnnth ago. radio said today that Ameiican _ 4_ ,__... troops had entered the western j part of Brest, the hie Brittany port, I after a heavy attack. "Enormous" artillery i Tile Germans are estimated to have lumps at Brest. preparation j preceded the assault, Berlin said.. adding that German troops had been withdrawn from Armoriqni- j point. Jutting into the Brest basin southeast of the city proper, to "shorten the line." Brest, at the western tip of Brit-; tany, has withstood a siege since WASHINGTON. Sept. Wi Tile Agriculture Department pre- dicted today that supplies of sugar will be smaller next year. The re- port heir! out little hope for elim- ination of rationing until the war with Japan has been won. .What Will Hitler Soy? (An Kdilorial) One question in all minds and on all lips for the Jast 18 hours has been: "What will Hitler When it WHS announced Saturday afternoon that Hitler would make a "sensational" radio spcrch sometime Sunday, vvniie inev were nomine 111 .NUI- maiHly there was little in common speculation sprrncl like a flame around !ho world. between !ho vets of 1918 and the Kcc YANKS, PS. 8, Col. 1 Norris, Liberal Lawgiver, Dead MCCOOK, Ncbr., Sept. Former Senator George W. Norris, 83, one of the nation's foremost liberals and a veteran of 40 years In congress, died at his home this af- ternoon. Norris, "father" of the Tennessee Valley authority and author of the "Lame Duck" amendment, had not regained lull consciousness since suffering a cerebral hemorrhage at his home Aug. 29. He wa.s partially paralyzed by the hemorrhage. Public funeral services will he held at the First Concreqatlonal church here at 4 p.m. (CWTi Monday. Dr. Bryant Dnkc, president of Doanc college of Crelc, Neb., will deliver the sermon. Burial, in the family plot In Memorial park here, will be in charge of the Masonic lodge, Mrs. Norris, his (hree daughters were at his home when he died. GEORGE W. rjORRIS Norri.s had rallied the day after the hemorrhage aiKl was given fl chance" to recover, nul there- after he weakened steadily and had to be nourished by intravenous in- jections. The white-haired lawmaker, known as an Insurgent because of his disregard for party lines in flgh'lfiie lot his had only recently accepted the honorary chairmanship of the National Citi- zens' Political Action committee with the rlccl.uviUon "1 Intend to do as much as f can." He recently iiad declared it would be a "tram'dy" if President rtoosc- vcll wrro denier! a fourth term. An independent, since beraking with the Republican party In Norris had lived In relative quiet hern sinco "the people I love" re- jected his lfl-12 bid for a sixth term in the senate. I U may poop out likr> nearly ;ili Hitler's "sensational" I speeches'.since Stalingrad, but there .is a fooling that (his time der fuehrer really will s-ay something to startle the world. OHO man's guess is as Rood as another's. Is what Hitler preparing to say something like the following? "I have done my best to save Germany, but now it is apparent to us all that we cannot hold out much longer. "I have ordered my armies to withdraw to the Father- land." (Yeah, -on invitation of the Allied armies, enforced by (lie greatest concentration of military power in the his- tory of thi' world.) "So now I can do no more. I propose to ask for an armis- tice, but since the Allies have insisted on unconditional sur- render, we have lilt In hope thai it will be granted. The Ger- man armies will take up their stand on our borders and there fight in defense of the fatherland unt.il death. This bloodshed could bo avoided if our enemies would grant armistice terms, but since they insist on unconditional sur- render, and since wo will NEVER, surrender, the respon- sibility for further bloodshed must be on their heads." This would be a typical Hitler method of pmling the onus on his enemies, and posing himself as a martyr and a reason- able man who loves everybody and wouldn't think of hurting a fly. And like all his other mad schemes it will fail.