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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 31, 1944, Abilene, Texas August, Bond Quota.... Jfcgust One Day to Go MORNING 'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXIV, NO. 75 A TEAS NSWSPAm ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 31, 1944 -TWELVE PAGES Associated Press tAP) r'nttat Press (Vf.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Red Army Troops Roll Into Ploesti, Race on Toward Bucharest Soviet Surge Nets Big Bag Of Prisoners LONDON, Aug. The Red army captured the city of Ploesti and all its rich grounding petroleum fields today and raced on less than .17 miles from Bucharest in _a lightning campaign to anni- hilate the Germans in Ro- Fall' of Ploesti, long the greatest single source of oil for the German armies was hailed as the most significant ty's victory otthe entire ir- sion of Romania. More than 200 other towns we taken around Ploesti and northeast of Bucharest, where the Romanians have announced they akeady have feed their capital of the Germans stace shifting from the Axis to the Allied side a week ago. The near- est announced Soviet approach f Bucharest was with the capture i Meriuta, 11 miles northeast. 9 But It was the drive through Ploesti on Bucharest that brought the day's most spectac- ular success and netted another bte bag of German taken Tuesday includng Gen. WeiUher and two oth- er divisional commanders, the Soviet midnight communique disclosed. premier Stalin announced the Ploesti triumph in a special order the day addressed to Gen. Bodion Malinovsky whose Second UK- rainian army only Tuesday captured Buzau, 42 miles by -road northeast of Ploesti, and without pause fan- ru-dout over the whole olUield are" Ourrmt'production of Ploesti oil Is uncertain. Allied, fiuures in iondon showed that the refineries there -used, tons of petroleum products annually and supplied the German war machine with a full third of entire needs. The refineries have been repeat- ed targets of American bombers an Intensive campaign since May which undoubtedly has reduc- ed production. The wells, however, gcre deliberately avoided. High in the eastern Carpathian mountains some 75 miles north of Pioestl, other forces of Malinovsky s army were developing a major of- fensive against Hungarian-h e 1 d fitfransylvania. The Germans have acknow- ledged Russian entry inlo Hun- garian territory al two points, and while the Russians have refrained from full reports on the operations there, it was known that they already had won control of four principal passes into Transylvania. Far northward in Poland, the Germans also admitted that the Russians had resumed a ferocious jjffensive north of Warsaw and had breached tlie German Ymtu at. a number of places, but did not give definite location.-. The Germans nlso mentioned heavy fighting west of the Vistula some 130 miles below Warsaw. Anson Airman in Crash Cpl. Robert Royce Cole, 19, son of Mr. and Mrs. Philip Cole of An- son, was killed Sunday night in a crash near Gulfport, Miss., "is family was Informed Monday. Corporal Cole was a nephew of Mrs. Clyde Daniel, 1026 Willis, Abi lenc. A combination first engineer and turret gunner, corporal Cole had his mother he would go on his final training flight Sunday night at 8 o'clock and return at 4 Monday morning. It was while on this flight the bomber crashed 42 miles north of Gulfport, killing all members. Cole had trained at Sheppard and Amarillo fields, Kingman, Ariz., and Tampa, Fla., before being assigned at Gulfport. Funeral arrangements are incom- plete, pending arrival of the body. All-City Service Picnic Cancelled An all-city service club picnic jjhedulcd for tonight at Three Acres has been cancelled because of inclement weather. Presidents of the Liono, Klwanis and Rotarj clubs made the joint announcement. 'Nelson in Moscow MOSCOW, Aug. M. Nelson nnd MnJ. Gen. Patrick J. Hurly arrived In Moscow today en- route to CliuncklnK for a brief visit JF the Chinese capital 2 Yank A m Romanians in Moscow to Talk Peace; Czech Patriots Strike LONDON, Thursday, Aug. Romanian government armis- tice delegation has arrived in Mos- cow to discuss peace terms with Russia, the Moscow radio announced today. The broadcast, recorded by the Soviet monitor, said the purpose of the delegation was "the carrying on of conversa- tions and the conclusion of an armistice." Romania announced last Thurs- day she was withdrawing from the war as a partner of' the Axis and would "fight against the enemy." The U. S. S. R. replied that only by fighting alongside Russia could she obtain terms, denying that an armistice was in effect. Tlie Romanian delegation to Mos- cow was headed Prince Barbu Stirbey, who has been active in peace maneuvers dating back to last spring. A new menace (o the whole rear of the German defense structure in southeastern Europe flared up in Slovakia today as Czecho-Slovak armed forces of the interior joined Slovak Par- tisans In fighting the Germans in that puppet state next door to hapless Hungary. The Czecho-Slovak government in exile in London requested quick Al- lied aid for the resistance forces as the underground in the parti- tioned homeland fcsued its first communique announcing capture of one town and fierce fighting in four areas. Simultaneously Soviet Russia, LONDON, Thursday, Aug. 31 Moscow radio sharp- ly attacked the Bulgarian gov- ernment's "proclaimed neutral- ity" today and asserted it was "in order to enable the Ger- mans to hide in Bulgaria from prosecution by the Allies." driving deep through the turnabout kingdom of Romania and having cleared German naval power from the Black sea, put some flea'c on Bulgaria and Turkey in a bid to force the Germans entirely 'out of southeastern Europe. Bulgaria's at- tempt to be merely passive met with outspoken Russian disapproval, while Turkey, despite her recent break in relations with Germany was ac- cused in 'the Russian press of play- ing a double game with the Nazis. Bulgaria has been trying to get out of the war quietly for some time and as had been predicted a Bulgar armistice delegation arrived in Cairo to- night. Armistice terms are to be presented by Lord Moyne, British resident minister in the Middle East as soon as Lin- con Macveagh, U. S. minister to the Yugoslav and Greek governments, returns to Cairo, Identity of the Bulgarians was not disclosed. The flare-up in CEecho-Slovakia left last shaky bulwark against general disaster In the encircled by areas of turbulent resistance. In the east the Red army already had plunged across Hungary's Transyl- vania frontier, and in the south Yugoslav Partisan Marshal Tito an- nounced new victories over the Ger- mans. 17 Jap Ships Sunk lotal Record By The Associated Press American submarines have sunk 17 more Japanese vessels, includ- ing two destroyers, to give the un- dersea fleet the greatest bag of any one month this year with a total of 52 enemy ships sunk during Aug- ust. The Navy announced the new sinkings yesterday while observ- ing the 31st anniversary of the Navy air force. This new total for Hie submarines clearly indi- cates that newly won bases in the Far Pacific are greatly aid- ing the undersea craft in their patrols of Japan's sea lanes. The Navy on August 10 announc- ed 16 Japanese sllips had been sunk by submarines and on Aug. 21 re- vealed that more had been de- stroyed. A compilation of the submarine bag for this year snows thai 36 Nipponese ships were sunk in Jan- uary, 39 In February, 42 in March, 29 In April, 41 In May, 50 in June, 48 in July and 52 in August. That brings the year's total for this one Navy arm to 337 craft sunk this ir. Tlie overall total for the submarines since Pearl Harbor in Japanese ships sunk or probably sunk is 875 craft. At the same lime Navy Sec- retary Forreslal revealed that (he V. S. Navy has been trcbl- cil in strenRlh in the last years and Us air force has been boosted twenty times its size over the same period. Referring to the Navy as the "greatest naval power on the Navy secretary pointed out that vessels of all types have been added In that period. He said the Navy building prcgrnm Is little more than half finished. This means America has at least fighting vessels aircraft Sec PACIFIC, Pg. 2, Col. 5 The Weather 17. S. UKI'ARTMKX'f OF COMMKRCtJ WEATHER ilDKKAi; ABU-EXi: AM) VICINITY: Tartly rliiidy Thursday and I-'rlilay. WEST TEXAS: Ciencrallj- (air Thurs- day and ITiiUy. KAST TKXAS: Partly rlmidy Thurs- day ami Friday rxrrpl rlniirl.v ilh aiinwers and fhundrr- inwer-t in snulh portion ant] near the coast Thursday, Wrd. Tues. Wed. HOliR M M i......... 71 .........II......... (.3 7K .........13......... llich anil Inw Ic 77 And tl'i IHjIl anil low sal
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