Abilene Reporter News, August 20, 1944 : Front Page

Publication: Abilene Reporter News August 20, 1944

Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 20, 1944, Abilene, Texas SUNDAY VOL. LXIV, NO. 64 A TEXAS NIWSPAPtt 'ITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO WE SKETCH TOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS ...TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 20. 1944-THIRTY-SIX Pro, (Vf.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Heading Rhone ward ROME, Aug. French tanks today led the American Seventh Army into St. Maximim-le-Stc. Baume, only 25 miles northeast of Marseille and 22 miles below the vital road hub of Aix-en-Provence, as the Allies the great Toulon naval base in a broad envelop- g movement headed swiftly towards the Rhone river val- eyJLess than 350 airline miles separated the forces in southern France from those in the north as they moved rapidly ahead tr a union that would split France in two longitudinally. Announcing the latest 10-miles-a day gain against German opposition that was "considerable" at some places but feeble at others, Allied headquarters said (he bag of captured Ger- mans now had passed and identified the second Ger- man general captured as Gen. Ferdinand Neuling, com- %ander of the 62d reserve corps. The French, operating new American-made tanks, drove mto St. Maximin by leap-frogging'the tired American Infantry who had carved thus deepenii an 50 miles, of the they landed Tuesday. An Allied staff officer said the Germans were withdrawing so rapidly that they were unable to ffcomplish their 'usual demolitions. example was at a crossroads outside Hyeres, nine miles east of Toulon, where Trench commandos seized German gun positions on a dominating hill after circling 15 Ailes through the mountains. They Surprised 160 Germans manning lour 6-lnch guns, and turned over to American tanks and infantry the position overlooking the last town east of Toulon. It was on that coastal stretch that most determined German oppo- sition was being met. The Toulon garrison, however, already was outfI? by the American-French drives farther north. One ot these look La 14 miles north "of Toulon, and another Sollies- Pont, sljs miles northeast. Another tiirr 'vest fron- SoUles-Pont ,-.'ild put Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's men on an open coastal plain across which they tuld move a'dozen miles to the i, cutting off Toulon entirely. They already were reported less than 30 miles east of Marseille, with Toulon one of the two big prizes on the Mediterranean French coast. There still .were no official re- of any movement of sub- stantial German units toward the battle zone. On the east of the beachhead front the Germans announced thev had abandoned Cannes, but official information at Allied headquarters the eastern front was re-. Datively stable and there was no word of entry Into that one-time resort of the rich. Nazis in Italy To Fight It Out FLORENCE, Aug. patrols feeling out the Germans found them sitting in their Gothic line today and apparently deter- mined to fight it out despite French and American landings In southern France which threaten to seal off one of their best escape routes. There was no perceptible loosen- ing of the enemy lines anywhere from Pisa on through Florence and eastward to Adriatic shore. Allied patrols, splashing through rain which prevented more im- portant operations, .probed deep into enemy positions in .the uppei Arno river valley and In the Adria- tic scctoV Sporadic gusts .of artillery fire swept the front, and the enemy sent out his own patrols to try to learn what fresh adventures his foe was contemplating. The last snipers were cleared from the central part of Florence. Field Marshal Albert Kesselring is believed manning his mountain- ous northern Italian positions wltli 12 divisions about half his origlna' strength. British Fly Aid Td Warsaw Poles LONDON, Aug. 19 Great raged in Warsaw when RAF "eavy bombers implementing British pclicy to help anyone who lights the Germans roared over and dropped guns and ammuni- tion to Patriots fighting the occupa- forces in the Polish capital, it as disclosed today. The planes, 21 of wliich already have been destroyed by Nazi gun- ners within the city, flew from Mediterranean bases on a 1-oundtrip flight a perilous ad- which Britain undertook although her Russian ally is at Warsaw's outskirts. While there is no official com- ment, British policy appears to be the answer to the anomalous sit- jjation, for the nearby Russians have "disavowed Gen. Bor's forces in War- saw as creatures of the Polish gov- ernment-in-exile in London, which the Soviet union refuses to re- cognize. British, South African and if oltsh crews have flown 100 bomb- ers on these missions, not only fac- ing the hazard of German night lighters but coming in over War- saw low and slow in order to drcp the badly-needed arms accurately offering easy targets for ground "cunncrs. FORMER ROME GOVERNOR VISITS FAMILY-Maj. Gen. Harry H Johnson for mw military governor of Rome, is shown with Mrs. Johnson (center and their childien during a recent visit at Laredo pending a new assignment from he War department The children are Rosemary, 19, (seated at right) and (standing, eft to right) Jake, 13, Harry Jr., 17, and Richard, 11. (AP Photo from Army Air LONDON, Sunday, Aug. 20 Red army troops yesterday advanc- ed up to 10 miles in thrusts imper- illing Lpmza and Ostrow-Mazo- wiecki, German bastions guarding the lower East Prussian border northeast of Warsaw, while Ber- ,in said that anotheV powerful So- viet army had punched out a "breach in major depth' In Nazi lines on the eastern rim of East Texans in Invasion On Aug. 28 Radio AUSTIN. Aug. 19 Texans on the fighting frcnt in France wil' broadcast back home in a prograrr the night of Aug. 28, arranged bs the United War Chest of Texas. Wayland D. Towner, genera manager oi the war chest, announc. ed that the program be car- ried by all three Texas radio net- works and by Independent stations from to 10 p. m. A week from Monday. Towner said that the 30-minute program will ccnstsf almost entire- Iv of short-waved interviews with Texas service men abroad. Larrj Allen, Associated Press war corres- pondent, will tell of his experiences in a Nazi prisoner of war camp. FDR Sends Nelson, Hurley to China WASHINGTON. Aug. 19 President Roosevelt announced late today that he was sending Gen Patrick J. Hurley and Donald M Nelson on a mission to China to discuss military supply, military am economic problems with Generalis simo Chiang Kni shek. They will leave shortly and be in China several months. General Hurley has been 'a spe- cial emissary aboard for the chie executive for several years. Nelson's place as chairman of the War Pro- duction hoard will be filled during his absence by vice chairmar Charles E. Wilson. Soviets Make New Break The Russian pincers movement on eastern pro- vince was launched by two Red armies totalling 300.000 men, sup- ported by strong tank and war- plane Berlin said. The "Main center of fighting" was near the East Prussian-Lithuanian frontier, the Germans said. Moscow's communique was silent, about the western Lith- uanian front where Gen. Ivan Chcrnlakhovshy's third White Russian army Thursday reach- ed the F.asl Prussian border, but dispatches from the Soviet cap- Hal said the Russians there were awaiting an announcement o! the first Soviet crossing into Reich territory in 30 years. Gen. G. F. Zakharov's second White Russian army began the new drive between Warsaw and the southern border ot ast Prussia, capturing 80 localities, the bulletin said. Curving around below the Wisna-inarEhes one eo'-jimn 'selzf.rl KolornUa.'onTy'iS miles from Lom- za, and 38 miles west of Bialystok; the Soviest offensive base. Another column striking south- west in a 10-mile advance captured Czyzewo, 45 miles, beycnd Bialy- stok and only 16 miles of Ostrow- Mazowlecki. Czyzewo is on the Blal- ystok-Warsaw railway, and also Is a junction on a.highway junction linking Lomza and Siedlce. The town ot Smolevo, 15 miles south of Ostrow, also was captured in this drive which is linked up with Marshal Konstantin K. Ro- kossovskys' first White Russian army wheeling movement betweer the Ostrow sector Eas and northeast of Praga, suburb ol Warsaw, Rokossovsky's troops im- proved their positions after repuls- ing bitter German counterattacks on their lines from seven to 12 miles from Praga. One hundred miles below Warsaw, on the western side of Die Vistula river, Marshal Ivan S. Koncv's first Ukraine army tightened its lio.lt) on thrpt PPeks ;rlcd' German- divisions by cap- localitlM, and-also smashed enemy attempts to break through to their the bulletin said. The intensity ot the struggle o the Polish plains and along th East Prussian border approache was evident in Moscow's announce inent that, the Germans lost 20 more tanks and 48 planes !n Fri day's fighting. This made a tola of tanks and 383 planes los by the said. Nazis in a week, Moscow King Promises Aid In Pacific Battle WASHINGTON. Aug. 19 King George VI of Britain has as- sured President Roosevelt that British forces will make an "in- creasingly power contribution" to ccming utter defeat of Jap- an." President Roosevelt replied that the American conquest of the is- land of Guam is "another long step In the relentless march to Tokyo" nd he welcomed the increasing trength of British forces in the pacific. The State department today made public the exchange of messages. Texan Bails Out Captures German A U. S. GERMANY REPORTS LAVAL AND AIDES GUI OF PARIS LONDON. Aug. chief of government Pierre 1-avn.l, German Ambassador Otto Abetz, and Nazi officials have fled Paris, and Axis forces are fighting Amer- ican tank spearheads somewhere south of the French capital, the German Transocean news agency OX THE FRENCH-SWISS FRONTIER, Aug. Pierre Laval arrived at Bclfort at noon today and Marshal Tr.- tain was expected there during the night, according lo frontier reports tonight. said today. The pro-Axis Vichy government also'is thinking of leaving that cap- ital, the broadcast said, and added NINTH AIR FORCE "it is possible this transfer may al- BASE IN FRANCE, Aug. ready be in progress." Further dc- Capt. Frederick Holbrecht of Bee- viile, Texas, a Thunderbolt flght- :r bomber pilot who parachuted out tails on the plight of Vichy per- sonnel were promised by Monday. The American tank thrust south T bomuCr pilot WHO nut] int. if a crippled plane behind the cue-, of Paris i.s a "reconnaissance movc- my lines, has returned safely with the Berlin radio said. "A strength, is holding the entire Bal- kans, Including the front facing German storm trooper tured he cap- direct thrust of these American forces on Paris is not on nt tills Holhrccht said that as he was j moment." running for cover he was sighted j With their armies admittedly m by the German non-commissioned i flight, west of Paris and with last officer. Unarmed, he yelled "Ach- night's frank German war minis- the'only German word he I try statement that "we mnst he knew, and pretended to cover the' German with a gun. The German dropped his rifle, raised his hands and came along meekly. prepared for a German withdrawal from it. was obvious that the Nazi hish command still was 'trying to determine Allied inten- GOLDEN PALOMINO TO TAKE FIRST BOW IN SHOW Golden Palomino horses some of the most beautiful in the coun- try will take the first bows at the West Texas Fair, scheduled here for Sept. 1-9. A The Texas Palomino Horse shew will be the top feature for the first four days of the fair, which opens before the grandstand free to the public, slated for Friday eve- ning, Sept. 1, Saturday evening, Sunday afternoon, and Monday eve- Fifteen trophic and approximate- ly in prizes will go to the win- ners. Judging of the before Ihe grandstand Is set for the aft- Mrnoon of1 Sept. the first event 'pt the Jail1, which rivals any re- gional event ever held here in ils billing of entertainment and its presentation of fine livestock. But the general public will find ll.s greatest tin-ill of the Palomino show, in the show itself. Blue Rlb- bcns winners will be presented at each of the four shows, each of which has a new program. The Texas Palomino association is staging the show here this year Is appearing In Ils "native" city. The association was organized here, and gave to Abilene the record of holding the largest exclusive Paio- mino show In the world. Despite wartime difficulties, the 1944 show will not lag In color or due iiorscs. Already, all oi the stalls at the Fair Grounds have been tak- en by Pniomlno breeders, who will come from nil parts of the country to lake part in the here. Judging will be mirier the new re- vised rules of the Palomino Horse Breeders Association of America. That menus tlmL the body and coat color of each horse .shall be as near that of a newly-minted sold coin as possible, and shall not vary more than three shades lighter or dark- er. The mane and tall must be white, silver or Ivory, with not more than 15 percent of dark or off-colored hairs. The skin must be dark, as near black as passible. Halter classes will be judged 50 percent lor color, .4.0 ucrcent lor conformation and way of going nnd 10 percent, for manner. In any event, nil honors go to the horse, rnlher thnn the rider. The program calk fnr 13 breed- ing clashes, all nt halter, and 14 show classes. Included will be roping contests, riders to be mounted r.n Palomino stallions; junior class for hoys and girls up to 16; cutting hursc con- test, girl's time event: men's potato race; saddle horse class for marcs and 'geldings: reining clsips for the same; .silver mounter! (Inf-s, and reining class for stnlltons. The climax of (lit show, for col- See PALOAUNO, rg. 4, Col, 3 Jap Defenses In Wide Area Struck Anew By the Associated Press Increasing American con cern in China's long and bit- er fight to repel the Japa- nese was reflected today in 'resident Roosevelt's decision :o dispatch two emissaries to China for important talks with Generalissimo Chiang r Illl-h lot and Sunifl nlcht: Sunrl" Ihh niornlnt: iiOO. Buniet tnnllM; signia Coast Guard- manncil LST on which he served until it was discovered that he i.s only 15 years old. He now is in England for in- rcsligation, with the pro'spccf of beiiiR discharged nnd sent home. (AP Wircpholo from Coast The Price administration head aacrtcd that shipping space and manpower possibly will be the out- standing factors in determining the length oi the rationing program. He hinted that the public will fa- vor the OPA program even move in the future when as the end of tho war nears Income levels slacken. with a rrsulMng decrease In pur- choilui; power. ;

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Publication: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Issue Date: August 20, 1944