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Abilene Reporter News Newspaper Archive: August 17, 1944 - Page 1

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Publication: Abilene Reporter News

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   Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 17, 1944, Abilene, Texas                                WITHOUT OK WJTH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY. AS IT VOL. LXIV, NO. 61 A TEXAS NIWSPAFtt ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 17, 1944 -FOURTEEN PAGES Atsociatei Prta Frew IVf.) PRICE FIVE CENTS mericans Eight Miles Inland Canadians Enter Falaise, Battle in Center of City SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Thursday, Aug. 1' Canadian troops stormed into Falaise froih two sides Wednesday night, battling desperate German resistance in the center of the town as enemy rear guards attempted to hold open the ever-narrowing corridor for the flight remnants the German seventh An official announcement said 11 under-strength divisions were in the Normandy trap arid the Germans themselves reported that those managing to struggle out through the eight-mile wide corridor probably were heading for another snare shaping up between Paris and the mouth of the Seine river. The Canadans were sup- ported by tanks of an armored regiment as they slugged their way across the tiny Ante river running through the north- western part of Falaise. But tey met stiff resistance from ermans entrenched in the town's main buildings. On the. other claw ot the huge trap, American forces from the south have captured Putangcs, tni dispatches said. Tht town is miles west of Argentan and its capture seals off the only road through the bottleneck wide enough lor two trucks to pass.. Allied planes shower-d explosives on the trapped and at sami time dropped "surrender" leaflets, showing pic- tures of German defeats at Cher- bourg and in Russia. It appeared that except for the struggle at Fa- laise and Argercan, upper and low- er jaws ol the pincers, resistance crumbling fast. Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley's lorc- es have hemmed in enemy troops sufficient in number, along with those already dead or captured, to make another Stalingrad .-In Nor- rdy, Associated re'ss correspond- Smith White wrote from the front. ;_ A lew after'American tanks captured Putanges in a sharp thrust, cutting down the escape corridor, nri official announcement said the Dipped probably far Blow normal included the 271st, 326th, 276th. 277th, 89th, 85th and 272nd infantry, the 21st panzer and the 9th and 12th SS divisions. At full' strength, these divisions would aggrevate but their number probably ooes not anproach that now. How far they have been reduced cannot be estimated. Tlie immense disorder of the enemy's organization was denl- in the capture of scal- Clements of a dozen dif- fcrcnl divisions in small groups all over the battlefield. (The German high command re- ported heavy fighting in the whole fartres-Dreux area sorm SO miles rtheast of Le Mans and 40 miles west of Paris. The Germans declar- ed the purpose of this new sweep by American armored forces was not yet clear but that it suggest- ed the intention of a new encircle- ment cutting the Gtiman retreat to Paris and the Seine.) There was no Allied substantia- tion of the German report. The whole sector east of the Fa1al.sc bottleneck was under an Allied news blackout as complete, ns that masked Lt. Gen. George S. Patton Jr.'s cutoff drive north of Mans a week ago. It seemed cleat by now that the Germans had managed to get much of the crippled seventh army out its what fate remained be seen. A British staff officer conceded that Marshal Guenther Von Kluge had sue ceded in extricating virtu- See FRANCE, I'g. 3, Col 5 BERLIN REPORTS HARBORS IN SOUTH FRANCE RUINED LONDON, Aug. 16 Aft- er contending all day that the Al- lied beachheads in southern Prance were widely scattered along the Riviera and "isolated from one an- The German radio tonight suddenly announced that the de- fending forces had destroyed har- bor installations at Nice, Cannes and St. Tropez and were withdrawing inland to get out of the range of naval guns. "The critical hour is expected not on the coast, but said the German Transocean .agency in seek- Italian Front Marked by Quiet -.ROME, Aug.-46 Relative quiet' feigned on the Italian front today, as1 artillery activity and snip1- ing tapered off and the Allied mili- tary government moved in food for the civilian population in liberated areas of Florence. The Allied communique said there was "no change In the situation" on the 5th and 8th Army fronts. Eighth Army troops, however, have finished mopping up an enemy pock- et in Empoli, 25 miles west of Flor- ence on the south bank of the Arno river. Ivy Dies at Stamford Hospital STAMFORD, Aug. 16 Mrs. Ed Ivy, 77, died at 8 p. m. Wednesday in the Stamford hospi- tal after a long illness. Her home was in the Rockdale community but since January she had been living with her son, Albert Ivy, in Stam- ford. Funeral arrangements are incom- plete and will be announced from the Kinney funeral home. Mrs. Ivy, the former Lou S. Mc- Crackeu, was born June 12, 1867, in Alabama and was married May y, 1885, at Ft. Payne. They moved to Jones county in 1896 and lived there until 1904 when they moved to Rockdale. Survivors include her husband, two sons, Albert of Stamford and Arnold of Lueders: four daughters, Mrs. J. W. Nichols, Morton, Mrs. Bill Kuenstler, Stamford, Mrs. Nell Segerstrom, Stamford, and Mrs. O. W. Kuenstler, Sweetwater, 14 grandchildren and six great grand- children. ing to explain the withdrawals. II said many coastal points were "un- der the heaviest fire of Allied nav- al artillery." Major landings, according to. the German broadcasts, were at thi mouth of the Anger river, and in the St. Tropez peninsula, but oth- ers were said to be expected. Allied airborne troops were de- clared by the Germans to be at' tacking the defenses from the rear "especially at St. and also in the Nice At the same time the Germans stressed that "great riew develop- ments are" shaping up in the north of France, where they said an east- ward surge by American armor' was threatening Chartres. The enemy broadcasts said the overall Aliiec plan seemed, to DP. not only to pre- vent the eastward movement of Ger- man, troops to create "upheaval -inline--Paris -'re- gion." Various German reports insistec the "Falaise escape gap remained open but admitted it was growing narrower. The DNB-agency's military com- mentator Ludwig Sertorious ack- nowledged the overwhelming Allied air and naval superiority in south- ern France, while Joseph Saal, an- other commentator, said, "We must admit the seriousness and wide- spread consequences the situa- tion as. it exists and as it .will be in the near future... "The' battle for France will reach a climax in the next few days and week and we must also rec- kon with new massed Soviet at- tacks." ROAD TO BERLIN By the Associated Press 1 -Russian Front; 322 miles (measured from eastern suburbs of Warsaw.) Front; 603 miles (measured from Florence.) Front; 626 miles (measured from Soignolles.) France; 680 miles (measured from Cannes.) New Gun Sight LONDON, gyros- copic gun Eight described official- ly as "almost uncanny in its ac- curacy" now is in use on RAF fighter planes, the Air Ministry disclosed tonight. The sight, details of which were not disclosed, eliminates to the last degree the chances of error due to human failure, the Ministry ad- ded. AMERICAN TROOPS LAND IN SOUTHERN soldiers wade through (he water from an LCI to the beach at a point cast of Toulon as (be new invasion of France along the Mediterranean const opens Aiipc. 15. Another LCI is at the left. This is the first around view of tlie new thrust against the Germans in southern France. (AP Wircphoto Signal Corps -W ALLIES TIGHTEN NORMANDY arrows indi cate Allied squeeze on Germans remaining in the Normandy pocket and the drive to clean up resistance in the St. Male area. Blacked in area of the Normandy pocket represents territory captured by Allies in 24 hours. Open arrows point to Dreux and Chartres, where Germans say American col- umns pushing east from Alencon were engaged in heavy fighting. (AP Germans Force Reds To Surrender Ossow LONDON, Thursday, Aug. Germans threw gigantic tank and infantry forces into an all-out struggle to hold Warsaw yesterday and forced the Russians out of the town of Ossow, seven miles northeast of the old Polish capital's contiguous suburb of Praga. Loss of Ossow, acknowl- edged in the midnight Soviet was the first time the' .Russjans have' 'an- nounced givirig' .sirice Tuxedo Flier i Dies in Azores STAMFORD, Aug. 16 Sgt. Jack French, son of Mr. and Mrs. A. J. French of Tuxedo, was SGT. JACK FRENCH killed in a plane crash In the Azores Islands. The 29-year-old soldier was home on a leave two weeks ago. Prior to his embarkation he had been sta- tioned at Boiling Held, Washing- ton, D. C. His brother, A. J. French Jr., former storekeeper first class, has been stationed in Dallas for naval aviation cadet training. ___ OPA May Set Up Uniform Gin Price LUliSOCK, Aug. C. ThoniBKOn, Dallas, secretary of .he Texas Cotton Glnncrs associn- :ion, said today a regulation may ic adopted soon hy which the Of- fice of Price Administration would set a uniform celling price on cot- ton ginning. Addressing the annual meeting of .he plains Ginners association. Thomason urged the glnncrs to co- operate In establishing uniform- sized bales of cotton. The Weather u. s. nr.rARTMh.vr or Wli.YTHF.K BliRF.AU AIIIM..M; and t-iriniir: Thursday anil lllllt change In teniprra- J.Ol'JSIA.V.A and cloudy Thursrl.iy n tei alii and mile changr J'arily (Iniirfy lay and 1 rirtsy. A feu- wldMy B< d nflrrnnop and i-vrnlnf tliunrtn cxccnl In Del Uln-raclf. Ved. A.M. )t.i KI fli 8-i 80-81 7rt "8 "8 HI fCt H7 :ri in ___ iUf.i and Inw lift and 15, High 1ftw name tUtr mid 78. Is it nlfclil: Runsct (onlght; HOUR ..10.. .11 1 the vast. victory parade of their summer offensive began June 23, but Moscow dis- patches emphasized that this was no cause for Allied-alarm. An early morning supplement to the communique stressed the tre- mendous losses suffered by the Ger- man counter-attackers, saying 30 enemy tanks, seven self-propelled guns, 11 armored troop carriers and four armored cars were left wreck- ed on a battlefield strewn with hundreds of Nazi dead before the Russians pulled back. Repeated German counter-at- tacks in Estonia, on the Latvian- Lithuanian front and elsewhere were announced by the Russians as German resistance generally stif- fened. All these were declared lo have been thrown back, while the Russians themselves broke into the big south Poland town of Sando- mierz, on the flank of their Trans- Vistula bridgehead, and engaged in street fighting. Russian accounts underscored (hat the army had the sit- uation in hand all along the front nnd that the offensive still lay with the Russians. The Russians never had announc- ed capture of Ossow, marking their closest approacli to Warsaw since they began tlie suburban siege of the capital July 31 after seizing Woiomin, 10 miles northeast. This was the second day that the iKslaai had reported German counterattacks before Warsaw, but they made clear that the price the Nazis paid for this fractional suc- cess was exorbitant. The communique reported that on all fronts Tuesday the Germans lost 118 tanks, raising the two-day to- tal of German armor losses tu 232 and implying that a. great percent- age of these were in front of War- ;aw. The Wgh command's communique omitted mention of Warsaw. Elsewhere on the 1 000-mile active front the Russians reported con- tinuing successes. On the. Estonian front they an- nounced advances that swept up 70 more towns, and in Lithuania, where the Russians have been bearing, down toward Mcmclland, they an- nounced repulse of German count- er-attacks. On the Southern Polish front, Soviet troops broke Into (he rlly of Sandomicn and encaged the Germans in slreci fiithtlng. The city had been by-passed riant- ly for two necks by the extend- ed Russian bridgehead across the, Vistula. Warsaw was the local point of the whole front, however, nnd Moscow dispatches said the Red army ap- peared to he starting its real all- out bid for the city against the bit- terest sort of German resistance. Farther north, on the fringes of st Prussia, the Russians were re- ported to have pushed to within ten miles of the east Prussian border northwest o! Vllkaviskl.s. The Ger- nnn radio ncknowlcdsed Soviet gains on that from, hut said the German lines were holding firm I" the second strong pressure area rmmd Rasonlnl, 30 miles northeast of the frontier. Berlin Sees Fifth Front In Yugoslavia By ROBERT DOWSON United Press Staff Correspondent LONDON, Aug. German and neutral sources speculated, today on the pos- sibility of another Allied land- ing in southern Europe, prob- ably in Yugoslavia. Radio Ankara said a land- ing was expected in the Adri- atic, which includes Albania as well as Yugoslavia, while a Berlin dispatch in the Stock- holm newspaper Tidningen said the Allies probably would open a "fifth front" soon in Da'lmatia. Allied sources declined Uj com- ment on the reports, but It was re- called that Prime Minister Chur- chill conferred with Marshal Tito, commander ot the Yugoslav Parti- san army, and Dr. Ivan Subasich, prime minister o! Yugoslavia, last Saturday and Sunday in Italy. The three leaders discussed both military and political questions "in a spirit of entire frankness." a Brit- ish communique said at the time, and added that the conversations would continue. Tito's army, comprising 000 or more .guerrillas already holds several large sections of Yugoslavia and on many occa- sions has demonstrated its abi- lity to seize beachheads on the Dalmatian coast on which an Allied; invasion army could be put ashore. The combined Partisan and Al- lied armies, It was believed, easily could rout the lo to 11 German di- visions stationed in Yugoslavia mid then strike Into the German rear in Hungary and Romania and ulti- mately southern Germany. Tito's army is the best equipped Patriot force in Europe, with new supplies: and equipment ferried in by Allied-planes "t frequent Inter- vals. A special Balkan air force was created earlier this month in Italy and .charged principally with sup- plying and supporting the army. American nnd British commandos also have been active in the Adria- tic, cooperating with Partisans in wiping out German garrisons In raiding forays on Adriatic islands and along the Dalmatian ami Al- banian Charges Against Officer Dismissed Charges of theft by conversion filed some time at'" against Lt. Don A.' Davis of Kcnnctt. Mo. were dismissed here yesterday and he was fined in justice court nnd costs for operating a motor vehi- cle for hire without n commercial license. Davis, an Air Force officer Is now on Inactive list. He had been charg- ed with theft by cnnvcreion of a saddle, valued at It had been charged that he took a saddle own- ed by O. C. Blors from a negro witli whom Bloss had left it. It was In- correctly stated In yesterday morn- ing's Reporter-News Hint he had been discharged from tlie Arms'. Allied Glider Train Fully 50 Miles Long ROME, Aug.. and American invasion troops, now identified as Die Seventh Army, under the vet- eran U. S. Maj. Gen. Alexander M. Patch, were fighting as much as eight miles into southern France tonight after smashing German coastal defenses and establishing them- selves firmly on a 70-mile stretch of the Mediterranean coast between Toulon and Cannes. Disclosing that the land, sea and air forces making this latest breach in Hitler's continental wall were under an all- American command, Allied headquarters announced tonight that "all initial objectives have been taken" and that casual- tics of all services had been "exceptionally light." At o'clock tonight p.m. C.W.T.) headquarters announced that the landing of reinforcements was continuing without interruption and that the bulk of the leading infantry divisions was already ashore. Nearly 700 prisoners had been counted up to last midnight, the announcement said. L. Matthews, New Trainee Killed As Planes Crash One pilot trainee was killed and another parachuted to safety when two P-47 Thunderbolt fighter planes collided in mid-air Wednesday morning 35 miles'south of the Abi- lene Army Air Base while on combat training flight. Killed in the crash of Ills plane was Second Lt. Russell K. Bedwell Jr.. 22, son of Mrs, Stella Lucille Elliott, Pontiac, Mich. Second Lt. Ralph N. Costilow, 21, of West Un- ion, W. Va., jumped clear and parachuted to safety. Col. Harry Weddington, base com- manding officer, nnd a board ol qualified Army. Air Force officers will investigate to determine the cause of the accident. Churchill Watches Invasion from Ship ROME, Aug. 1C Prime Minister Churchill visited Corsica and then went by destroyer to watch landing operations on the French coast, Allied headquarters announc- ed tonight. With the Prime Minister as guests on the warship were U. S. Under- secretary of War Hobert P. Pat- terson and Lt. Gen. Brclion B. Somervcll, commander of the Am- erican army services of supply. "Prime Minister Churchill was greatly impressed by the clockwork precision of the operation." the headquarters announcement said. Treasury Cuts Off Gold to Argentine WASHINGTON, Aug. 16 The Treasury's foreign funds con- trol division has halted the with- drawn! of Argentine gold from tlic Unilrd States. While the Treasury declined ot- liclal comment, it was learned to- day that the division recently re- fused to permit a shipment of some- thing under from New Orleans, nnd that no further ship- ment.1! would be allowed pending some change in the diplomatic sit- uation. Argentina had been withdrawing gold from tills country for several months. Withdrawals reached n totnt somewhere between 000 nnd York Times correspondent representing the combined American press, said para- troopers yesterday had taken the large coastal town of St. Tropez on the Gulf of St. Tro- pez, about midway between Nice and Marseille. The Allies tonight pouring ashore by sea and air a steady stream of new lighters and equip- ment. British and American air- borne troops, landed on a big scald behind the lines, were effectively blocking German attempts to rush reinforcements to the invasion The Americans used flfjne- lltroH-ers (o burn Germans out of stone emplacements. The hlKlily-lralned and ex- pert airborne forces were land- ed from towed gliders which formed a train fully 50 miles long and several riillcg wide, and by parachute trans- ports which .kept more than 000 men swinging in the air at a time. Although serious opposition was encountered at one undisclosed point, preventing the Allies from debarking, most of the opening as. sault "overran intricate beach ob- stacles strongly protected by Ger- man coastal headquarters disclosed tonight. No powerful or general German opposition had yet developed, per- sons arriving from the beachhead reported. The headquarters of Gen. Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, Briton who is coinmander-in-chlef of the Allied Mediterranean forces, disclosed to- night that the invasion was under American command on land and sea and in the air. The nttacxrng ground force is the American Seventh Army, paced by the veteran sixth corps of Anzio fame and commanded by General Patch, veteran of Guadalcanal and successor last spring to Lt. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr., as chief of the Seventh army. The Invading French forces are part of tills Army, and are under tlie command of the colorful Maj. Gen. De Lattre De Tassigny, who left France less than a year ago after escaping from prison. Vice Admiral H. K. Hewitt is in command of the naval operations, nnd Brig. Gen. Gordon P. Savlllc, chief of the 12th tactical air com- mand, heads the air units, head- quarters announced. Fighting- continued ihroush- Scc GILDER, PR. 3, Col. 1 YANKS FILL SKIES WITH PARATROOPERS OVER FRANCE-Hiinilrcds. of para- -hutos from a flight of more 17 big C-47 transport panes ns s ,rc Innded behind German coosl.il defenses diirinR (he opening of Ihcjiivaswn of south- ,r.i France Aug. 15. This dn-pping is unidentified except ns being between Mar- icillc and Nice. (AP Wircphoto via Signal Corps   

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