Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 15, 1944, Abilene, Texas MORNING VOL. LXIV, NO. 59 NIWSPAPH OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, TEXAS, MORNING, AUGUST 15, 1944 PAGES Prat CAP; Prat PRICE FIVE CENTS y Trapped Nazi Troops Fight Ag t a th i.: i V Cliinlilly ALLIES CLOSING TRAP IN troops (ar (laws) drove south from Caen and north from Alencon to close a trap on Germans attempting to retreat toward the Seine river. Open arrows indicate Allied thrusts by motor- ized troops, the goals of which had net been announced by the high command. (AP Maj. Gen. Edward H. Brooks, former commanding officer of trie llth Armored division, which train- ed at Camp Barkeley, was announc- ed last night to be leader of the Second Armored division fighting in France, At the same time it was disclosed Lt. Omar N. Bradley! is com-t mander of whole Americ a nj fighting force. M France, including! the original Flrsti Army and Third Army. L eral Brooks was command e r of the' llth .nored outfit from ufcN BROOKS the thru of its actva'ton Aug. 15. 1942. He" arrived with the division in Abilene in September, 1943, and after'the division was moved about three months later, General Brooks was transferred. His. army career dates back to Aug. 8, 1917, when he entered the regular Army as a second lieuten- ant, assigned later tu the 76th field Soviets Scale Moat, LONDON, Tuesday, shock troops scaled the 30-foot-high walls of the. moated, stronghold of Osowiec near the Biebrza river in northern Poland day, bayonetted the German garrison and then Bontoon bridges for an imminent crossing of the Biebrza, last water barrier before German East Prussia, only 15 miles beyond. In the north another powerful Red army swept almost half-way across Estonia and spilled on lo the Latvian Iron- tier in a swift drive aimed at splitting in two the flapped Nazi troops facing a disaster almost comparable to lhat suffered at Stalingrad. With the capture of Antsla m a 19-mile advance, this army was only 16 miles from'Valga, rail junction on the Tallinn-Riga line which is the defense backbone of Cnl. Gen. Georg Lindemann's surrounded Baltic Joseph Stalin in an order of the day announced the fall of Osowiec, 17 miles from East Prussia, to Gen G. F. Zakharov's second White Russian army which in seven weeks has fought its way 350 miles westward from White Russia and reached the Augustow canal and the ad- joining Biebrza river on a 45 mile.front. Some of the Rus- sian pqsitions near the canal, north -of Osowiec, 'are within 11 miles of East Prussia. Berlin spokesmen, acknowledging the peril to bast Prus- sia, warned the German homeland that "a very great trial fjf strength" was at hand. Jn Moscow the press printed an appeal quoting Marshal Friedrich Von Paulus, captured Ger- man commander at Stalingrad, as telling the Germans the war is lost through the fault of Hitler, and continuance by the Germans is senseless bloodshed." The man who lost at Stalingrad, now l.CtoO miles behind Soviet spearheads which in central Poland are within 75 miles of German Silesia, was the highest-ranking German yet to ask the people to overthrow Hitler. Lt. Gen. Fritz Franek, another captured Nazi officer, also made an appeal, .the 20th German general to take that action. In Estonia Gen. Ivan Maslennikov's third Baltic army captured 100 localities in its race toward the Gulf of Riga, now less than 80 miles west of the Soviet spearheads. Ber- lin admitting Soviet strides on this front, said Maslenmkov had hurled 20 infantry and four tank divisions, or about E60 000 men against the battered Germans, who have been ordered by Hitler to fight an "insular defense" in a sacrificial effort to delay the impending Soviet blows on East Prussia. Besides taking Antsla, the Russians also captured Tsooru, seven miles to the southeast and 21 miles east of Valga, which astride the Estonian-Latvian border. Murati, near the Latvian border 21 miles southwest of Pctseri, also was seized as Russian troops poured into northern Latvia. Three villages were captured in an arc around Aluksne lake in Latvia by Russian columns which were less than four from the town of Aluksne, an important highway and rail town These were Skrini, on the northern side of the lake Aizupc on the east, and Salni on the southeast. The Soviet communique was one of the shortest since the summer offensive began June 23, but its brevity did not necessarily mean an absence of fighting. Berlin, in fact, flbld of bitter conflicts at almost every point along the heav- ing 1 000-mile front from the Baltics to the Carpathians. Attempt to Free Failure MEDIA, Pa., Aug. 14-Wl- An tarly morning attempt to liberate icores of the 200 prisoners, at Broad- tneadows, Delaware col Jail, today nfler leaders of ireak knocked a guard unconscious ind took 'ils keys. The mnss delivery was foiled iphen the key lo a huge steel door wtwccn the cell Mock and the ad- ttnlslrallon offices wns not found ji the guard's possession Vessel Blown Up Ing unloaded by Russian prisoner; of war, killing 150 persons. The dispatch said "It Isn't yet as- certained whether it was an accl dent or sabotage hut owing to thi, suspicion that it wns sabotage, nil surviving Russian war prisoners at the iiarbor were immediately s executed. GENERAL BROOKS COMMANDING SECOND ARMORED artillery which took him to France In April, 1918, with the Third Field artillery brigade of the Third divi- sion. He participated in five major battles of World War 1, his ser- vice in Prr e winning for him the Distinguished Senrt-e -Cross. After the Armistice, General Brooks went to Germany as a part of the American Army of Occupa- tions and was on duty at Ander- nach. He left.Germany in August, 1919, ass.'ei ed to Camp Pike, Ark. Other services included a tour in the Philippines. He was assigned to the headquar- ters of the armored forces, Fort Knox, Ky., in September, 1941, and was given command of the llth" Armored at Camp Polk. After taking command of the Uth, the general was sent to Eng- land and North Africa as an ob- server of modern warfare, return- ing to the division to shape up his training program from his experi- ence in combat organization. The- Third Army has been said by the. Germans to be commanded by r.t. Gen. George S. Patton Jr. Tlie Allied announcement made no reference to the commander of the Third Army, however, officially dis- closed Monday night for the first time to have been in action in France and to have effected the cutoff of the Brest peninsula and the spectacular sweep northward from Le Mans, closing a trap on the German Seventh Army. former place as com- mander of the First Army was taken by Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges, who previously commanded a US Army corps in Prance. Another commander was iden- tified- Maj. Wade H. Hislip, head of the 15th corps. With the two full armies dis- closed in action, the United States has in France the greatest fighting force ever massed in battle under the American Bradley has the greatest field command. How the' whole Allied fighting structure in France fitted together still was not disclosed fully. There was no indication of any solely American Army group, and thus for the moment at least, Amer- ican armies apparently still come under the original 21st Army group. That left Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery, commander of the 21st Army group, still officially chief deputy in the field of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the supreme Allied commander. However, the British-Canadian components of that Army group had no announced parallel in an over- all commander, such as Bradley': new position, except for Montgom- ery. A recent dispatch from Eisen- hower's advanced command port in France referred to his conferences "with British and American" field commanders. This was the breakdown, so far as with much to be filled in: Under Gen. Eisenhower, Mont- gomery heads the 21st army group, the-only army group in the field. Under it are the Canadian First Army, with Lt. Gen. H. p. Crerar in command, and the British Sec- ond Army commanded by LI. Gen Sir Miles C. Dempsey; and on the American side, with Bradley In charge, are Hodges' First Army and the'Third Army of "General X." Eighth lakes Frontonein Aug. H (A Eighth Army troops inching toward the Adriatic end of the Germans' Gbthic-'Line to Italy have captur- ed the mountain town of Prontone on the north bank of the Ccsanol river 27 miles from the sea. Allied headquarters announced today. This was the only significant ground action along the Italian front, where Allied authorities de- voted their major effort to the re- lief of the hungry and thirsty civil population of Florence. Within the city clashes between Italian Patriots and Fascists, which had brought much indiscriminate shooting, tapered off to occasional sniping. Official reports gave nothing further on earlier .unverified re- ports that the Germans were caus- ing demolitions in the northern part of the city. Along the entire Italian front fighting dwindled to a few patrol actions. There were a few artil- lery exchanges across the Arno river. Yesterday Empoli, city on the Arno west of Florence, was occupied by the Allies without fighting. 70 Headquarters Of Nazis Bombed SUPREME HEADQUARTERS AtilED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Aug. bombs have hit 70 German headquarters and are known to have killed at least one German general Maj. Gen. Hitter Von Elber Von Daw- mans, it was disclosed today. The general's body was found in a common grave near a German headquarters south of Caen along with the bodies of two two, captains and 14 other officers and non-commissioned officers. In the campaign to obliterate enemy headqmrters and thus re- move the brains from the units the Allied command has bombed 70 such targets since D-Day. NAVY CHIEF FIRES BIG GUN IN of Navy James V. Forrcsfa! (right) fires a 240-mm. howitzer during his visit to the Fifth Army front in Italy. (AP plioto from Signal Corps ______________ Nips Main Defense Threatened Associated Tress Japan's main defense line running1 from (he southwest Pacific northward through tho Philippines is threatened by heavy and sustained Allied aerial attacks against Nippon bases In the Dutch East ladies. Gen. Douglas Mae Arthur's communique today said effec- tive air assaults have "great- ly weakened the great bastion stronghold centered at Halma- major island just 300 miles south of the Philippines. The pcneml reported Jap- anese airfields in the region have been practically neutral- Legion of Merit To Wi NEW YORK, Aug. The Stockholm Tidnlngen said today a German steamer loaded with land mines and ammunition for the eastern front blew up in the har- bar of Tallinn, Estonia, while.be- jack D. Hunnicutt, Midland, Tex., WASHINGTON, Aug. Award of the Legion of Merit to two colonels and a lieutenant col- onel identified by service or resi- dence with Tcxns was announced by the War department today. The names of Legion of Merit Col. Frank E. Bonney of Wichita, Kans., who was camp com- mnder at Camp Bowie Nov. 1M1 June Col. John A. Klein, Fort Sam Houston, Tex., and Lt. Col contained In an announce- ment of recipients of awards. Bonney's award was for his ser- vice ns camp commander: Klein's for services as adjutant general of th Third Army until Aug. Hunnicutt's for service as nn In- truder In the antl-arlcraft. arlil- :ry school at Camp Davis, N. C. Publishers Call For More Salvage AUSTIN, Aug. state- wide scrap paper drive during which every town will collect 20 pounds per person from August 20 to September 20. was advocated here today nt a joint meeting of the Texas Newspaper Publishers' asso- ciation and the Texas press asso- ciation. Conway C. CraiR, publisher of the Corpus Christ! Caller-Tlmrs nnd president of Hie publishers' asso- ciation; nnd George Peeler, pub- lisher of the Taylor Press and pres- ident of the Texas associa- tion were co-chalnnan of the moct- tt. Lewis C. jiuff of Dallas, head nf the salvage section of the War Pro- duction hoard told newspaper men that "we have never had a full two weeks supply ahead for paper mills that's too narrow a margin for comfort." Members decided that the news- papers In each community should be responsible for carrying a. record of the snlvnge drive while It Is on. and afterwards .-.el up n permanent organization to continue collectinn. Other representatives at the meeting Included Herbert Taylor, Snn Angclo Standard-Times. ized, maritime forces and ground troops immobilized in In present positions, lie added the Halmahcra base is no longer flexible an.tl that unless the Japanese can correct the K'ealmess "the main line nf defense from liis conquered em- pire in the southwest Pacific extending; through the Halma- hcras and the Philippines Is threatened." The communique reported new raids on llalmnhera that resulted 111 great fires and ex- plosions. Southwest Pacific bombers hit over a wide area striking Japaii-cse bases- at Ti- mor, Manokvrari and other points. This aerial activity against Japan shared the limelight with two impending battles In China where Chinese forres wcie massing for twin blows in their fight to reopen the strategic Burma road as a land supply line. Two Japanese strongholds In China's Yunnan province were (he immediate nbjceHvis of the Chin.-sc offensive that started weeks affo from the Sal- ween river, pointed toward the Burma border. The Chinese were preparing for a smash against the. ancient walled city nf TcngchunR. Oth- ers were, set to storm Lunglinjr. Nippon base nn the llurma road. The Chinese rnnllmird to exert pressure on (he Isnl.itcd Japanese garrison at Sunphan. Meanwhile ChuuyMnj; re- port said a section of the roid east of the Salween, previously destroyed to keep It out of the enemy's hands, has been fully repaired and is in use. One part was repaired entirely by women anil children, since all of the men In that area were in the military service. Chinese troops and Kachln levies, operating In ncirlli mn. eolisolhlated their positions In the IMr.a area while forged ahead (n Mingon, on the Afandalay railway. Steady progress was being made by Allied forces engaged In driving the last Japanese remnants out of northeast In- dia. Only llpht opposi- tion was met at two points. China's Hunan province heavy fighting, involving severe casualties on both sides, was raging Around Hrngynng, im- portant railway junction. The Chinese indicated they were trying to rrcnpture (he city. They wiped out part (if a Jap- anese Force miles southeast. .A Japanese communique claimed repulse of Chinese at- larlts at Hcngy.iUK .inrl s.iid Nippon units were preparing for the next stage of Hie operations. Their objective Is to sever by gaining complete con- trol of the Canlon-HnnUnw railway. Without confirmation from Allied sources, Ihc Japanese news agency Domei reported 22 Allied aireraft destroyed anil five "large" planes set afirr in a raid on Liurhou air base hi Kwangsl province. The Weather A nil, AMI vrriMTV: fi ly fair TtirttUy and TKXAS: I'nrtly clnmly dnj- and a Ifw after nnon and rvrnln? In Panhandle, South Allies Stage Biggest Win SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EX- PEDITIONARY FORCE, Tuesday, Aug. (AP) Allied armies welded a trap of steel and artillery fire about the flower of the seventh German army toddy in the greatest victory of Allied arms in France, and from to enemy troops turned for a battle to the death. Backing away from a hail of bombs and artillery shells sealing a 12-mile gap at the eastern end of their Normandy "coffin corri- the Germans checked their rush and some forces swung around west in an attempt to plug their leaking lines. Thus they invited consummation which would mean a gigantic victory for the Allies in the battle foi northwestern open the road to Paris, and clear the way for the final battles for northeastern and southern France. For this'stroke, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower in a dramatic order of the day summoned his armies to drive ahead with every ounce of energy. For here, he said, was "a definite opportunity for a major Allied victory" after which Paris would fall with but little effort. The southern jaw of the great Allied pincers was being closed by the U. S. Third the Germans said was being led by Lt.; Gen. George S. Patton, up la within-eight and a half miles of Falaisc. Canadian troops smashed lo within 3 1-2 miles of Falaise on the north in a rolling offensive that jumped off Monday after clouds of Allied bombers obliterated a, German anti- tank screen before the city. Between these two forces, Long Toms from north and south raked every road leading eastward to the Seine asa Paris, and waves of bombers added to the hurricane of fire. Before this gap vanished, Germans had been seen stream- ing eastward in haywagons, bicycles and every farm vehicle they could commandeer toward the uncertain sanc- tuary of the Seine, _ There seemed no explanation for their decision to turn and fight olher than that reircat no longer was possible. Those who escaped the bottleneck were seen racing north- east toward the Seine along a roiilc which Allied mastery of the air has turned into a path of death and destruction. Reports from the Canadian front indicated some of the escaped units were armored. But Lt Gen 'Omar N. Bradley, now disclosed to be the overall commander of all U. S. forces in France-the great- est ever massed for battle under the American flag-declared he was confident Hie bulk of the seventh could not escape. That could be anything Ike Says Week To Be Fruitful SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY from to sol- diers, as many or more than the Allies have captured since invasion day. As the Canadians and the Americans pressed in from the north and south, Ameri- cans and British were caving in the pocket from the west and northwest. Doughboys] FOECE ADVANCE COMMAND alone fought eastward as much as 12 miles. The British captured Thury- POST IN NORMANDY. Aug. HP) Gen. Dwight D. ____________ Etonhower told his forces today Harcourt, Orne river bastion they had created a "fleeting but below Caen, wiped 'out the definite opportunity" for a major last German wodce to the cast victory and that this week could be as far as the Laizc river, nndhj for clruve on south. }n an ortlrr nf tne day addressed one column closed to wiliiin two ,.Allicrt 5ailors and air- miles of Condc-Sur-Nolreau on the northwest, steadily ironing out the German bulje that remains west ol the Oren. Americans driving from Mortaln miched Domfront. 13 miles east. the supreme commander asked for a special effort "because tho victory we can now achieve is infinitely greater than any it has so far been possible to accomplish i-Mc-hed Dnmlront. la nines flle snd this oppor- an la parnne column. plunBinq may be grasped only through anci a painim v_ -----1 f----- utjnosl jn ant] determina- F.AST TEXAS: fed day and rlalnl illy fair Tu Mon. Sun. A.M. 57 VI m llicli arid Ion- ten IIOliK unrf 77. InM nlzht: Ihl. mi, >ihn; UiroiiRh demoralized -f nemy forces, leached the village of Gcr In a slx- NlilV YOIticTAiig. The NiUl-controllert Vichy ra- dio broadcast today that the. German army commander at Marseille ordered evacua- tion from the Trench Mediter- ranean seaport person.1; whose prcsenrc "is not nr direct or indirect interest" lo the German army. mile push from Mortaln. Another armored force, guard- hie against any attompt at .1 German break south from the pocket, slabbed t" n.ines, 11 miles southwest of Argcnlan am! ran Inln rcslslance. Other poclicts were being mopped up near Alencon. The Third Army, disclosed to be fishtliiR alongside the American First Army, also was Uw force that scaled off the Brest peninsula be- fore turniiiK ea.sl In the momentous wheeling movement th.it taught the tiennniis a Icssnn In lishlnlnE war- Sec FHANCE, I'B. Wi Col. 1 tion and speedy action." General Eisenhower asked air- men to blast the enemy unceasing- ly day and night; called on sailors to guard against enemy escape or reinforcement by sea; and asked his soldiers "to go forward to his as- signed objective with the determin- ation that (lie enemy ran survive only through surrender." for the past three days the su- preme commander has been in al- most constant conference with his battle commanders, working at pressure reminiscent of the clos- ing days of the Tunisian and Sicili- an campaigns which he directed. Strauss Arrested AT THE GERMAN .FRONTIER, Aug. W) Richard Strauss has been placed under house arrest somewhere in Aus- tria, travelers from Vienna report. This cannot be confirmed, but it is known that a number of his pub- lic appearances recently were can- celled.