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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 13, 1944, Abilene, Texas gtoflene Reporter WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT SUNDAY LXIV, NO. 57 A TKAS NIWSPAFia ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 13, 1944 FORTY-TWO PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS AisoctaM Preu (API United Pros FIVE CENTS Air Might at Southern France; Invasion Talk Rises Leaders 9o to Rome to ]oin Churchill ROME, Aug. Al- lied air might was thrown against the southern ap- proaches to Hitler's crumbling rtyropean fortress today for the second time within 24 hours, with 750 U. S. heavy bombers scouring German military defenses along the ryathern coast of France. There was a feeling among the public that momentous de- velopments in the Mediter- ranean ware impending as high American military figures ar- rived to join Prime minister Churchill, who already is in Rome. The arrival of Church- Ill alone was interpreted by Popolo, organ of the Christian Democrat parly, as a sign of the importance of th'e Italian -dlieater of war "may assume in -the near future." It was announced that Robert P. Patterson, undersecretary of war, and Lt. Gen. Brehon B. Somer- vell, commander of TJ. S. Army Service Forces, had arrived to in- ifjct military installations in the Mediterranean theater. Allied concentration on such en- emy coastal targets as pill .boxes, radio stations and gun emplace- slons the French coast and tlie Italian Riviera coincided with a plastering ot the southern French transportation nerve cen- ter of Toulouse by U. S. bombers shuttling from Russian bases via Italy on the way home to Britain. J'esUrday's big attack along the coast by tactical unite struck a section of France whose commun- ications with the Rhone valley al- ready were badly damaged by re- peated air. raids. For the first time medium Mitchell and Marauder bomb- ..and rRAF Spitfires' f.lazed away over a long stretch of southern France and for 40 miles of the neigh- boring Italian Riviera, singling targets of German defenses.- The American Fortresses, home- bound from Italian bases -after shuttling from Britain to Russia, struck an air Held five miles south- west ot Toulouse, London advices Hgd. Airmen Strike to Block Reserves LONDON, Aug. Clouds fi A Secrecy Veils Yank Surge m (mm IEXAS FUG imo BATHE OF FRAKCE, VET IBIS TEMPLE, Aug. Division proudly carried Governor Coke Stevenson's Texas flag into the battle of France, a stocky, 30- year-old rifleman from Taylor, Tex., Pvt. Frank A. Kuhl, said when he arrived at McCloskey gen- eral hospital. "And he won't be ashamed of the division added Kuhl. The 90th, which trained at Camp Barkeley, Abilene, Tex., received the flag from the Texas governor while the division was stationed at Camp DIx. Kuhl was in two planeloads of wcunded flown to McCloskey here after being carried' by air across the Atlantic. He fought in France 30 days before being demobilized by machinegun fire at St. Lo July 5. On July 4 twenty of his bud- dies were killed in the worst artillery barrage he ever saw, Kuhl said. He described his commanding officer, Capt. Hen- ry Boshausen of Marlin, Tex., as an officer "who couldn't be beat." For crawling under a sheet of machinegun fire to give first aid to two of his buddies and drag them to safety in Normandy, Pfc. Vincent Gonzales, son of Ernesto Gonzales of Rio Hondo, Tex., was awarded the Silver Star. An 8: German shell which killed two other men broke his left arm June 17, and Gonzales came back in yesterday's convoy. Pvt. Ovid M. Ray, a Second .Di- vision casualty from Llttlefield, Tex., told of capturing nine Ger- mans while on a patrol In Nor- mandy. "A German was takfnff a bead on me and I got htm he said. "When I killed him, nine others came out hol- lering Ray was shot through the shoul- der June 14 when his unit was at- tempting to take a hill from the Germans. Other casualties included: Sgt. Ernest C. Hamm, Ferris, Tex., of the 82d Airborne Division, who af ter three days at Carentan was knocked out by malaria contracted in North Africa: Doil Moore, Glen Rose, Tex., hit by a sniper; and Staff Sgt. Gerald Davis, 90th Di vision, Sweelwater, Tex., hit July 5 near St. Georges. FDR CALENDAR SEATTLE, Wash., Aug. (If President Roosevelt's Pacific wa tour at a glance: July 13: Left Washington companicd by White House mill tary advisors. July 19: Arrived at Marine base San Diego, Calif. July 20: Accepted fourth term nomination In speech broadcas from train in base. July 21: Boarded cruiser fo Pearl Harbor. July 26: Arrived at Pearl Har bor for military conferences and Inspections. Auj. 3: Visited a military has In Alaska. Aug. 12: Makes radio Addrcs from Bremtiton Navy yard nea Seattle, Wash. Allied tactical warplanes plunged the battle to annihilate Ger many's arms in Normandy today while possibly 750 American heavy bombers lashed nt airfield.; and communication targets in northern France in an attempt to block off enemy forces coming to its relief. Lale in the day RAF Lancasters swooped upon the Bay of Biscay TJ-boat shelters at Eoreaux--last good enemy base on the Atlantic and La Pallice in a continu- r'Jbn of the anti-submarine offen- sive ana Halifaxes bombed a fuel dump in the forest dc Mont-Rich- ard, 60 miles from Le Mans. Relentlessly hunting down Nazi shipping in the Bay of Jiisray. RAF coastal command '-combers destroyed or damaged six" vessels fleeing from Brittany ports v.hcre (he Americans are closing in. The enemy's much hammered railway yards at Metz were pound- fi during the morning by Fortress- and Liberators. Britons Open Up On Robot1 Salvo LONDON, Aug. Uf] The fired a salvo of robots across the channel lato tonight 2.000 miles provoking a fierce coastal anti-air- craft barrage. Airmen Wreck 41 Jap Planes GENERAL HEADQUAR T E R S Southwest pacific, Sunday, Aug Japanese were destroyed or damaged in an- other vicious American attack on Halmahera island, southern guard- ian of the Philippines, headquar- ters announced today. This fourth large-scale attack on the important island resulted in the heaviest, aircraft bag yet at Halma- hera, brought under comprehensive attack in late July. Night patrols bombed the wa- terfront at Davao on Mindanao island, in the Philippines, dur- ing the night of August 10-11. The first raids on the Philip- pines since April, 1942, were made in three successive night attacks on Davao airdromes, ending two days earlier. During the raid on Halmahen and attacks on Vogelkop peninsula Dutch New Guinea, Friday, four freighter were sunk, a freighter severely damag- ed'and coastal shipping was hit. A week's bombing has cost the Japanese ten freighters sunk and 11 freighters and 11 coastal ves- sels damaged. Base on Baker 7TH AAF HEADQUARTERS, Central Pacific, Aug. (IF) Gen. Robert W Douglas Jr., commander of the 7th U. S. Army Air Force, disclosed today that Baker island, some souhwest of Honolulu, has been an important American air base for almost a year. BREMERTON, Wash., Aug. Roose- velt came home from a 15-day inspection of the Pacific war zone tonight to declare the United Nations must prepare permanent defenses against any future aggressions by the Japanese. "The word and the- honor of Japan cannot be he declared. The President came into dock at this huge Navy yard about 4 p.m. (Pacific War ending a war tour that began when he left the San Diego, Calif., on July day after his fourth-term nomination by the Democrats. During his absence he visited Pearl Harbor, where he conferred with the war- chiefs of the Pacific, and inspected military bases in tlie Aleutians. He brought a laugh when he said he played hookey near Juneau, Alaska, long enough to sneak In three hours fishing. The result: one halibut and one flounder. Permanent Pacific defenses must be obtained, Mr. Roosevelt said, to protect this hemisphere from Alaska to Chile. It is Important, he added, that we have permanent bases nearer to Japan. "We have no desire to ask for any possessions of the United he said, "but the United Nations who tire working so well with us In the winning of the war will, I nm confident, be glade to join with us in protection against aggression and in machinery to prevent aggression. "With them and with then- help, I am sure that we can agree completely so that Central and South American will be as safe against attack from the South Pacific as North America is going to be from the North Pacific itself." As for Japan, the President said: "II is an unfortunate fact that years of proof must pass before we can trust Japan and before we can classify Japan as a member of the society of nations which seek permanent peace and whose word we can take." The President said that during his left Washington July kept in close touch with developments in the capital and on all war fronts. But he didn't offer a guess on the war's end. No word of politics entered his speech, delivered from the base on a gun mount of the destroyer which brought him into the heart of this bustling Navy yard. His visible audience consisted of sailors, Navy officers and workers who lined the dockside to hear the chief execu- tive's first speech since he accepted the Democratic renomination on July 20. He appeared tanned from his long sea voyages of recent days. Sailors and workers jammed the area before his ship to lis- ten to his words. As he stood in speak, a cheer and applause went up from the audience. He waved a return greeting. In his speech, Mr. Roosevelt went into detailed description of tlie military installations he visited in the Pacific. He told of his military confer- Torpedo Sinks Escort Vessel Aug. The destroyer escort Fiske was sunk by an enemy torpedo recent- ly in the Atlantic, the Navy an- lounced today. The brief announcement gave no Indication of where the Fiske was [lit by the torpedo launched from a German U-boat. Next of kin of all casualties aboard the vessel tvhich was un- der command of Lt. John A. Comiy, 27, have been notified, the Navy said. Comly is listed as a survivor. The Navy gave no indication of. :he number of casualties among Honolulu witll ,.m old he approximately IDO men aboard frlcnt, Gcnm, 'MacAr- hc Plskc- i thur." and said IIP. had participated The Fiske was built by the Con- in ..lntorcstlng nnd uscfm confcr. dices accompanied by Admiral Nimitz and my own chief of staff, Admiral Leahy, and General Rich- ardson, the commanding general of Army forces in the Hawaiian area, and Admiral Halsey, commander of the Third fleet." FDR for Permanent Jap Defense NIPPON WORD NOTTO BE TRUSTED, HE TELLS U. S. HITCHHIKER crewmen of a U. S. sub- marine saw this hitchhiking scnl when they opened (he con- ning tower nftcr surfacing while on pntiol in the Pacific. JAP Wircplioto from PLAYED ALIVE AVoundcd shoulder by a Jap hand gren- ade thrown into his foxhole during fighting on Guam, Cpl. Fred Hofmann Jr., 21, Hobo- ken, N. J., (above) feigned death from midnight to dawn. When a Jap jabbed him in the leg with a rifle, Hofmann said he "just lay there .with my eyes staring wide open." He is in a Navy hospital at Pearl Harbor. (AP Wirephoto from Nazi Iron Hand Grips Slovakia LONDON, Aug. 12 Slova- under martial law today in an ef-1 ol f'cl ti fort to nucl, n rising revolt while i solidatcd Steel corporation at Orange, and was commissioned Aui list 25, 1843. Five Alarm Fire At Coney island NEW YORK, Aug. W) ipectacular five-alarm lire broke >ut this afternoon in Luna park, ;toricd and pictured amusement :enter at Coney island where some had gone for rc'.ief torn one of the hottest days of the 'ear. One person was reported injured. More than 40 pieces of fire ap laratus, responding to two fivc- .larms, were sent to fipht the lames, which fire officials said pread throughout the park. .orient Attacked LONDON, Aug. iroadcasts today sniri Allied war- hips had tried to invade the har- ior of Lorlont, German submarine iase on the south coast of Brit- any which is under American Icge. The Germans declared the sea hrust was turned back, The Weather s. nrrART.MKM or COMMERCE 1VEATHER BUIIKAU AHlLr.NK AND VIC1NITV: fair Sunday MnnHny. WKST TEXAS: Clenmlly fair Sun- liiy ami Monday, rxrepl a few widrlj catlcrrrf laic aftcrnnnn and rnf.Uv.ird. coast Sat. Frl, A.M. from ihe Prcn valley Uljth anil l and 75. l yea trmprra Hlpli and low tfri Rud hiirnpl IMM nlithl: Sunrhr, thli Suniet tonlibl; Germany's Balkan wall showed signs cf cracking under Red army pressure and the prospect of being deserted by the Nazis. Transnccan, German news Agency, announced thai rn.irii.il law, the. iron rule which the Germans used without avail in Yugoslavia. Poland and France, had been imposed on the door- step country of Slovakia. U carries the death penalty for "revolutionary mur- der, robbery and .sabotage. The development there coincid- ed with significant reports from various parts of the Balkans. A report from BMnnuIr, Yuco- j-lavln, relayed via Switzerland, .said that Field Marshal Grn. Maximi- lian von'Wrich.s, Gorman command Reds Widen Big Bulge in Nazis' Flank MOSCOW, Aug. Russians' big wedge in- to Hitler's left flank devel- oped into a serious break- through tonight northeast of Warsaw and Red army troops, exploiting their success, cap- lured 350 settlements, drove within 27 miles of the East Prussian frontier and edged close to the communication centers of Lomza and Ostrow. The victorious Red army crossed both the upper Bug and Blebrza two major obstacles before the southern border of East Prussia. Swarms of Infantry supported by waves of fighters, Stormovlks and medium bombers poured through the big opening toward the fron- tier. Crossing the Bug river north of Siedlce tlie Soviets liberated Mat- koventa, 10 miles south of Ostrow. West of Bialystok across the Ble- brza Ihe Russians captured Sokole, 27 miles from the East Prussian frontier and about nine miles south- east of In this area Marshal Konstantin K. Rokossovsky's right wing was in contact with Gen. F. Zak- harov's left wing forming n double force striking into the German's flank. In (he north three other powerful Snviet armies tightened their trap on possibly German .troops pinned against the Baltic sea, and one of these Red armies suddenly Inshed nut westward toward Liepaja, vcfl Latvian port, and toward Mcmel. German seaport nt the northern tip of German East Prus- sia. Berlin broadcasts said the German situation west of the Vistula river, 100 miles south of Warsaw- where tlie Russians liavr established a great bridRC- lir.irt pointed toward German Silrsia 75 miles bryniul, "still was pravc." Moscow's bulletin did not mention any pains In that vital sector but said So- viet troops successfully repulsed German counterattacks by large infantry and tank forces. The Germans, threatened with a snliUinp of their front between Warsaw and Krakow in southern Poland, were putting up a furious ficrht on the sun-baked real- a Soviet breakthrough find the Russians soon spilling into Germany itself. The inp: on all Moscow's nnnounrrment that 71 German tanks had been wrecked during Friday. Nazis Halt Retreat Throw in Reserves SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCE, Sunday, Aug. Allies, with of- ficial mystery cloaking the American swing around the left flank of the half-encircled German Seventh army in north- western France, pounded forward slowly at five points in the bulge between Mortain and Caen yesterday and Amer- ican armor pushed toward southern France well below the Loire (o (lie portentous accompaniment of bomb bursts on the Mediterranean coast. One German salient six miles wide and four miles deep was rubbed out by coordinated British-Canadian drives be- low Caen. The Germans, reversing their previous withdrawal tac- tics, hurled all available reinforcements into the Normandy bulge American, British and Canadian troops were battering from the three sides. The vast regions of France below the broad Loire river already had been penetrated by American ground forces which stabbed' more than 10 miles southward after liberat- ing Nantes. But lack of news concerning that front and on activity beyond Le Mans on the Paris place which the Amer- icans had passed four days the propor- tions of a complete blackout. Dispatches from the front were heavily censored, and at the late night headquarters press conference there was no word of developments. The speed, extent and objectives of the American drives so befuddled the Germans that the Allies rigidly con- tinued the four-clay clamp- down on word of progress, announcing, "the situation must remain obscure purely; for security reasons." U asked'public patirnrr "be- cause on secrecy depends thu success of the Allied plan and. (lie Jives of American, British, Canadian and oother Allied soldiers." On the remainder of the active front, tlie British driving four miles cast of Tl uiry- Ha r court, reached Fresney Le- V i e u x and linked up with Canadians who pushed down from Bretteville-sur- Lnixe. This nave the British der hut at the blackest hour, on trol of the Cacii-Tluny highway, the captain in 'J'llu Canadians took the road junction vaneed Attack Rescues lost Battalion', WITH AN AMERICAN INFAN- TRY BATTALION NEAR MOR- TAIN. France, Aug. battalion was rescued this after- noon after being cut off by the Germans for live nnd one-half chys on an car-shaped hill Just east of Mortain. The Germans repeatedly had de- manded (hat the battalion surrcn- Robert Lee Dam Report Delayed WASHINGTON. Aug. 12 Personnel problems and other fac- tors probably will delay a final re- port en the Robert. Lee dnm pro- .irrt in Texas, for at least 30 rinys, the Bureau of Rrrlnir.tition .said to- day. Furl her study by hurra u engin- eers will be made, a department of- ficial said, adding that, "the situa- tion is still in (no formative a state Wcdnesday nigh command sent this message hack to the crack SS troops surrounding his force: "I will surrender whr.n every one of our bullets has born fired and every onr. of our bay- onets is slicking In a German brlly." The captain was R. A. Krrlcy. He told about it tonight after a relict regiment had cut its way to the battalion's isolated position. The captain stood gaunt and blackbcardcd against the wall of an jld stable that now is the battalion command post and related his re- ply us calmly as If he were repeat- ing some casual street-corner con- versation from his home town of Houston. Texas. An olficcr standing ncarb said, "You had a hell of a nerve to tcil them that." "They had a hrll of a nerve. In put a proposition (hat up to replied Kcrlcy with a grin. town of Barbery and ad- a mile and a half south- ward to ISois HaibouL These drives eliminated IheGer- imm salient between the Laize and Onic river. WhelhfT :iny sizable German forces were trapped in the area- was not, di.sclosed. South of Vire the Americans re- captured Mortain, thus adding to the pressure on the Germans' Vire salient, but. progress beyond '.hat bitterly contested point was slowed See FRANCE. Tg. 11, Col. 6 Firemen on Guard Af Hotel io Seek Cause of Blazes A fireman was on guard last night nt thn Hotrl Hilton in an effort t.i ftatrrminc causes of small firrs Hc nnd the survivors of (he lost hrokn on tilc floor battalion ramr flown the hill three nights in a afternoon nftrr bcinp relieved by. D_ c_ Musick, fire chief, said the conntrraUack of two other in- fantry battalions, one of thorn rom- mnnd'ecl by the colonel of this rrjjl- to rvrn inciicntr which wny wind is blowing" Hn said no commendations have reached ment, who ?incc Monday mnniinc had sweated in silent to free the his trapped men. cr in chief in the Balkans, had been j office herr. wounded by a younp Nazi liculen-' ant in an attcmpt-- presumnbly part of the chaos exist- ing between the Nazi party r.nd the German army. Now they arc 'rre and am hnld- nnothrr hill which is quiet, and i they can rest. From Istanbul ramc an appar- ently well-founded report (hat a proup of Romanian party lead- crs imrlrr Putin Maniu, peasant party chief, had formed a pro- visional povrrnmc.nt, socking a way out of war. This pence movement was. heint solidified, it wa.s said, with the full BRITISH CARRIER PLANES DRUB NORWEGIAN COAS! LONDON. Allfr. lishtninff stab nl. Hitler'.-, dwinclllnit Atlantic pnrls, caiTlM'-'onrnp planrs of tho British navy yr.Mrrriny nt- tackcrl shore Installations on a 15- knowledge of Prrmlcr-Msrflial Ion oflr. NonrBlan coast Antoncsnii. He was representctl or the Ad- unable to interfere. (The British radio broadcast Friday night nn un- confirmed Bern thai An- tonescu had Lewis to Mexico MEXICO CITY, Aim. 12 Union Lcn.der John L. Lewis Is ex- pected to come to Mexico next He has been invited by the Confederation dfi Trnbnjatlnrrs (in Mexico, tn .strenclhen ties between (workers of Ilic two countries, mil-ally disclosed today. .Siihmarine havens along this const, were aiming I lie tat nets and their destruction would increase the supply problem of U-boats which were forced to flee from bases at St. Niuairc nnd Lorient as the result of the swift, onslaught of American forces In Hrlllany. Simultaneously, t h f. Nnr- povrrnment information srrvlre .innoum-ed that the, miirh-liattrrrd batllrsblp Tlrpll-i was aRaln attacked by allied aircraft July lli. 15 planrs also smashing the (junjs and barracks. Tbe. hip uarsbip. damaged seriously by British bombs April ,1 hut laler report- ed repaired, was moored under a in AHrn fjord and suffered only llpbt rlamacr. Yesterday's raid by planes from n carrier fleet Rear Admiral McGrlRor was concentrat- ed on Hie sector between Alcsun nnd Kristlansnml. The admiralty snld nircraft hangars and large store-hou.se.s on an airfield at Gas- sen were heavily bombed nnd set nfire, nnd six Messcrselnnitt 110-S were destroyed on Ihc urniind and a seventh eiamascd In the surprise raid. lati- Saturday. Thr- first fire, which caused dam- axe in a storape room where two dnors was burned off, occurred Thursday. Tlie fire was I-'riday when a cushion in a chair was ignited, possible cause ?iven ns n spark from tlie air conditioner, Chief Mnsick sniri. And Saturday, a calendar on ihfl wall f-aurht fire, reason for which remains a complete mysiery. j Tlie fires, Musick said, were jsenninsly unrelated, and with I reference Io the wall fire, said it i could not have been caused by wire because no electric wires were near. i Tlie fireman on puard will re- main throughout tod-Ay, if neces- sary. Musick said. So far no evi- dence leads to a solution, unless anoUier fire occurs. Two Ultimatums To Brest Troops LONDON. Auc. Ger- man news agency Transocean salrl in a Ir.oadcasl tonight that Ihe "German Rarrison at Brest now has received two ultimatums to sur- render." The broadcast also said "enemy warships have tried to enter the harbor of Lorient." American advance mills reached Brest last Saturday lint have en- countered stiff resistance from the attm.in garrison.
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