Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 6, 1944, Abilene, Texas SAVE THIS PAPER! T4nd all papers and magazines. Collection Sunday Morning. e JMew Reporter WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT SUN LXIV, NO. 50 A.TEXAS HEWSFAFSB ABU ENE TEXAS SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 6, 1944 -THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Pro, (API Pro, ft; J.j PRICE FIVE CENTS TO BREST German Reserves Slow Russians ,N fleds Battling ear Junker, Czech Lines 1" LONDON, Sunday, Aug. 6 Russian troops yes- terday 'captured the key road junction of Stryj in the Car- pathian mountains on the in- vasion routes into Czechoslo- vakia, while in the north other Soviet forces rolled through 40 villages in a fight swaying close to the German East Pressian border. "t "Fires are raging in East Prus- sian frontier towns which now are objectives of Red army infantry at- said a Pravda front dis- patch. Among the towns listed in the daily Moscow communique was tf'nrgbudzie. nine miles from the frontier and 31 miles west of Kau- nas. Press dispatches and German broadcasts located the fighting as only three miles from the German border, but it was ob- J Tious that the Germans had slowed the Russians on most key sectors by hurling In Thou- sands of reserves rushed to the past from central Nail rcscr- Stryj, 38 miles south of Ywow ind about. the same distance from the Czech border, commands the roads through the Wyszkow and Beskid passes into Czechoslovakia. Its capture by Marshal Ivan S. Konev's First Ukraine army was announced in an order of the day foy premiere-Marshal Joseph Stal- Beyond the .enemy's broken Vis- tula river defenses, southwest or Sandomiera, the Russians were re- ported within 30 miles of Krakow T'nd 15 miles from German Silesia, after crossing the Nida river. But the Soviet communique said of this sector only that the bridgehead had been widened and several more lo- calities seized. The villages were lot identified. East of this area, in the triangle formed by the Vistula and San rivers Marshal Konev's forces cap- tured 72 localities of the 243 taken on all fronts during the day. They cleaned out the area east of San- tiomierz and southward along the east bank of the Vistula as far as Rozniaty. 27 miles below the con- fluence of the two rivers. Konev's troops now were pushing down both banks of the Vistula toward Krakow. Poland's fifth largest city and last big German stronghold short of Industrialized German Silesia. Inside besiesed Warsaw patriots lost the rail station in the heart the city, a message from the underground said. The Poles were suffering from ammunition and arms shortages. Fifty miles east of Warsaw, Mar- TICKING OFF THE MILES TO troops Saturday stood 322 miles from Berlin, as they battled Nazis in the eastern suburbs of Warsaw. On the Italian front, Allied troops at Senigallia were 605 miles away. British troops at Troarn, C30 miles distant, still were the nearest in France. WOMEN IN SHORTS FIND NO PLACE IN MONAHANS MONAHANS, Aug. hi shorts.are taboo on the streets of Monahans these days, and in case some shapely or otherwise female in such garb she's sent quickly; City council passed a "decency ordinance" July 17 as an "emergency1 and, strange to relate, the measure has been popular even with the women. "There's a place, for women's shorts, and bars midriffs, maylie, but that place isn't on the streets of downtown Council- man .T. E. iUlddleton declared In the early summer. So he launched a fiffhl. It took Ihrcc council meetings to secure tnolijh support for adoption of the ordinance. Mayor Ed Duffcy was In favor "because so many women call every day to put a stop to shorts on the streets." the city police. He said he was sorry lor Heat Short of Century Mark And relief came. The weatherman took pity on Abi- lene Saturday and gave her a sub- lured Toh'morclToOTi" anTvillages j Previous to that there had been 10 northwest and north of Sicdlce, but I days in which the highest was 100 the communique did not mention the progress of the east of Warsaw. fighting just Saturday's Salvage Paper Pickup Gives Weekend Good Start With the salvage paper pickup scheduled today for Abilene collec- tors from Camp Berkeley got away in a successful start Saturday with iubstantlal contributions from KO- tan, Roby and View. Capt. Norman A. Turnbull, in charge of the work, reported pounds were gathered in Rotan and pounds in Roby, while View Cflso donated liberally. "We want to thank the Mead Bakery for turning in almost a car- load of cardboard." he added. Pickup trucks will tour Abilene this morning and nil residents are asked to plaee their salvage paper U the curbs other places in front of the home.-! where It may be seen easily from the street. Many persons having contributions notified the chamber of commerce yesterday ns to the amount and place of slor- This Information was passed on to the pickup crews. Captain Tnrnbiill stressed that salvage paper Is needed badly if the fighting on nil fronts continues successfully. Then, on July 21, the policeman was sick and the mayor had to act as law enforcement officer. "Mother Nature helped the mayor said. "It was cool and cloudy that day and the (tirls stowed away their shorts and came out In slacks and sweaters." Since then women in shorts on the streets have been told Go home and get some clothes on." There have been no arrests and no woman has been warned more than once, officers say. Rationing of Ice Begins for City Saturday was the beginning of ice rationing in Abilene. Abilene ice houses were divid- ing with the Army, and allow- ing just so much per customer lo relieve a shortage hovering over the town for thr. past month or more due to lack of material, labor shortage and heavy de- mand. T. T. Harris, manager of Inde- pendent Ice, said 25 pounds was al- lowed each customer when deliv- ered to the residences. At Banner, also, when ice is sold out, the docks are closed. Oscar Williams, manager said. The sit- uation is the same over the state, he said. "Ail ice companies are do- ing- ihe best they can." Ablleniam arc asked (n con- serve ice they are able to ob- tain, using1 as IJttJe ax possible. The rationing plan Is still in the formative stages and Is to be more completely worked out at the beginning of next week. Some cafes Saturday night ran out of tee long before closing time and ice tea and ice coffee were un- obtainable. ftainey to Pampa PAMI'A. AtlR. Homer Price Rnincy, president, of the of Texn.s, will sprnk ni, n chamber of commerce banquet lyre Tuesday. or more. But today the forecast is con- tinued hot. Showers Tease Parched Areas Temperatures of 100-plus which have blanketed the state for nearly two weeks showed only slight signs of a let-up today as a result of teasing showers in the Panhandle- South Plains area and other parts of Texas yesterday. San Antonio recorded .20 of an inch rain and Austin .04 with the mercury at 97 degrees in both places. A light shower and overcast skies brought relief to the Plain- view area where temperatures have ranged up to 107 the past few days. The reading was a cool 84 Saturday. Pampa's slight sprinkle was res- ponsible for Us 89 maximum. Lub- bock, with .25 inches rain, reported its maximum of 97 reduced to 70 durinR the day. Fort Worth was still in the run- ning with a 102 and Wink. In West Texas, and Midland with 101 each. Alice had 100. Flier Dismissed HOUSTON, Tex., AUg. General court martial ni. Ellington field last night convicted Lt. Al- len D. Reed, 25, pilot in the field's advnncrd navigation school, of vio- lating fin nlr force flying regula- tion. Reed, whose home Is at Brady, Tex., was tried after an air nccl- dcnt In which five Elllngtop field .cadets were killed, said the Meld I public rein lions office, The Weather ARlLr.XE nflernnon rlnudlnrM Sunday i WT.ST TEXAS: PaAl'v rloiirfy Si day and Monday. Wldfly sraltn Sunday. I'.AST TK.NAS: CnnsMrrahlr rlnii nrss Sunday unrt Monday. Sea tin 111 unit err hntvrn In smiihraM and trrme rut In Ihr nflrrnnnn TEMPERATURES Sat. Fri. A.M. 110-02 ftfl HOUR II Sat. and Inw 17 7X High low ail year: Sun net nljtht: S tin Mir mnrnlir: 5 u I Innlfht: Sergeant Killed In B-24 Crackup FORT WORTH, Aug. A Fort Worth enlisted man was kill- ed and "three'officers were Injured when a B-24 Liberator from Fort Worth Army air field crashed and burned about 23 miles northest of Breckenrldge Saturday afternoon. Staff Sfft. Conlcy J. Corne- lius, 30, engineer on the flight, was killed. The injured are: First Lt. Joseph Kwasnik, Jr., Hackensack, N. J.. Ins true tor. Second Lt. Robert C. Craig, Shawnee. Okla. CCUJICI iii. Cozens, En- cinitns, Cal. The Injured were hospital- ized at Brcckcnridge and then returned to the field hospital Saturday night. Their Injuries are not believed serious. Sergeant Cornelius is survived by his widow, Mrs. Jcannette Corne- lius. The plane was on a routine com- bat training flight. A board has been named to In- vestigate the crash. 15 Injured in Train Crash ar Corsicana Jap Civilians To Get Arms; Soldiers Flee By the Associated Press All Japanese civilians will be armed to fight in defense of their homeland, Tokyo an- nounced yesterday while tens of thousands of imperial sol- diers were fleeing from out- posts of the empire or were trapped and facing annihila- tion. The Japanese decision on total war was contained in a cabinet agreement "to arm the entire peo- ple at the earliest possible mom- ent." The decree reflected Nippon- ese fears of an imminent invasion of their home islands. Their fears u-ere not lessened by a subsequent American an- nouncement that Lt. Gen. Robert C. Richardson's army command of the Pacific ocean areas has been extended "west- ward to the Japanese, mainland ar-d beyond." Simultaneously Tokyo abolished the liaison council linking the mili- tary and the government. In its stead a new supreme war council was created to plan the basic stra- tegy of "tiie sacred war" and estab- lish greater harmony and coordina- tion between the fighting and civil services. t The reported rout of the Japa- nese Second army from entire northwestern Dutoh New Guinea was the geratest mass flight of Nipponese soldiers in the war. Their uncounted numbers included 000 from the Manokwari garrison alone. Other thousands cornered on northern Guam had no escape. Ar- mor-supported infantrymen attack- ed from the south. Destroyers pa- trolled the seas on three sides. u. S. planes cnntroll- ed 'the skies. On north central New Guinea U. S. Sixth army troops lighten- ed their pincers on Japa- nese trapped in the Ailapc sec- tor, killing 441 Nipponese in a neM1 advance. Sinre the Japanese began an attempt to escape July 12, they have lost at least men. Dallas, Fort Worth Plow Under Proliis By The Associated Press Prohibitionists decisively lost a wartime attempt to dry up Dallas and Fort Worth, twin alcoholic oases in the North Texas desert, unofficial returns of countrywide local option elections showed Saturday night. Dallas polled an all-time record vote to resist the dry threat by n whopping two to one majority. Dallas election bureau tabulations for 118 out of 11? precincts showed votes against prohibition nnd for outlawing liquor sales. In Tarrant county, the vote, with 110 boxes complete out of 116, the county was wet and dry. The votes counted in Dallas county totalled more than were cast in the 1940 general election, previous high for the county. In both counties there are sizeable dry or partially dry areas which were not affected by the vote. The elections climaxed'hot campaigns with both sides using all forms of advertising media to plead their cases. It was the second time in two years that Fort Worth had resisted a strong dry threat. In 1942 Tarrant county voted against the prohibi- tionists by n count of to During the past few weelis, Protestant pastors in botli cities pounded dry arguments from the pulpits and the prohibitionists wound up their liattle with parades and raliys. The Unilcil Texas Dr.vs, statewide organization which spearheaded the temperance drive, gave assurance that permanent organizations would he main- tained in both Fort Worth nnd Dallas to further enforcement of liquor laws. Wet forces were led by the State Conference of Alcoholic Beveraees; the Texas Wholesale Liquor Dealers association and Legal Control coun- cils in the two cities. In Texas, 140 counties are totally dry and 36 are completely wet. In all or part of 93 counties whisky can be bought; beer may be pur- chased in in and in two counties 14 per cent beverages are sold. Heavies Lash at Brest, Germany LONDON, Aug. 5 Formi- Nazi targets nil the way from Brest dable formations of more than 400 American and British heavy bombers led the aerial asault on Huns Dig in for Florence Fight ROME, Aug. 5 Eighth army troops occupied all the southern sub- urbs of Florence today and brought up their forces nlong a 25-mile front a new yank landing at, Kcrim on the north cc.-.al. Kl' boats nnd planes speeded the Nipponese flight from Geelvinkx bay and adjacent garri- sons, i Two enemy ships were left in flames in American air raids on Truk and Palau, strongest points of the Caroline islands. Two Ballinger Men Casualties of War announced by the War department CORSICANA, AUR. as casualties. teen persons were hurt when the' Burlington and RocJc Island Mr and Pvt. Robert A. J3oehiim, son ot Italian art anil culture. Grn. Sir Alexander's command declared that the Germans were using Florence for military traffic dcspllc their proclamation it was an open city, and had posted parachute troopers along the north bank of the Ahio river inside the city limits. A mcsnge from the Florence National Committee of Liberation said the Germans had evacuates Florentines all along the north bank. From commanding heights around Fiesole, less than three miles north iSnl) of Florence, the Germans watched have been I Eleht.li Army complete the oc- of the southern suburbs. There were no reports of fighting of I inside Florence, but the hcadquar- southbound from Dallas to Hous- ton, crashed into the rear end of a freight train standing on the .fl main line near the Corstcana city j limits about 6 p. m. today. j The injured, all of whom were aboard the passenger train, were taken to Corsica'na hospitals and some were released following medi- cal treatment. None was from West Texas. After the line was cleared, the Zephyr proceeded on to Hous- ton. iuuib jjut.uii.ui, .TJIJ UL i Mrs. Otto Bocham, near I Iws statement said, n is deal the enemy Intends to oppose the cross- ing of the Arno on both sides ol Ihe city." Ballinger, was killed June G in Prance. In service two years, the 21-year-old soldier was with a pa.ra- unit. j First U. Joseph B. ouyr.cs, Barkley Assured son of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Oiiynes, Donr.rn'.nnf'lnn has been missing since July Ixenumiiiuuuii over Romania. HP U the younger I LOUISVILI.F. Ky., Aufi. son of the manager of an Humble booster station. Fathers Over 30 Nor to Be Drafted HELENA. Mont., Aug. Barring imforscen developments there is little likelihood that fatli- err. over 30 will be drafted for mili- tary service before the war ends, Draft Director Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hcrshey, said today. Absentee Ballots Cast by 3 Persons Only three persons cast ballots in the office of the counly clerk Saturday, opening dale of ab- sentee voting in the second primary, Vivian Fryar. clerk, said. Ballots were mailed fit) srrvice- men Saturday. Deadline for ab- sentee voting is Aug. 2. Kenommaiion of United states Sen ale Majority Leader Alfoen W. Bark- ley appeared certain tonight as he continued to pile up an overwhelm- ing majoric, over six opponents in Hip Kcnturky Democratic pri- mary. ncturn.-i from Iij90 of the stale's 4248 precincts gave. Barkelcy lisa votes; L. Boone Hamilton, Frankfort. 1582; Broods. L. Har- Kiwc, Louisville, IHO; William O'Connor, Jackson. 1003; ,'ohn Franklin Mayfield, 918; John .1. Tho'ne. Covini-'ton, 7M; and Jule W. Appel, Erlanser, 731. to Germany today in Ideal flying weather. While more than Ameri- can Flying Fortresses and Lib- erators returned to northwest German j- for a second blow at intlustry many filaj-s, more than 100 HAF Lan- casters dumped six-ton bombs Into the front entrances of Ger- mim submarine pens itl the Brittany port of Brest, The mision was destined to Irap the enemy submarines in Inclr ppns and block the seaward escape of any high German officers cut oif in Britumy until the ndvandiis American ground forces could reach the big port. Lane-asters and Halifaxes also delivered their dally punishment to the German flying-bomb sources with attacks on a depot at Leu Dessercnt, ;tl) miles north of Paris, another hidden in a woods near Watten, and launcliliiK ramps nciir the coast. Still another fleet of Lancast- .SH-nnped on thr railway bridge at F.taplrs iin the Ger- mans' most Important supply line from the north to the front, nnuiing from RelRitim into Amiens. The bridge was dam- aged in yesterday's raids. The American heavv poured new lethal cargoes on industries in Germany, hittinj the oil refinery at Dolllrerecn, an oil storage plant at aa air- crait parts factory and lieisht yard at Fallcrslcben, nn nrmumvnl works at Magdeburg, and oiher tai'sels at. Brunswick and Magdeburg as well as airfields at .Hannover, hailKOU and Hnlber.startt. Tanks Go 75 Miles in Day- Near Nantes In Presidential Balloting- BLALOCK CALLS ON ELECTORS TO SHOW HANDS DALLAS, Aug. 5 Myron O. I lion Blalock, national Democratic com- mittecman for Texas, said here to- day he had written the 23 Texas electors named by the regular slate convention in Austin last May that it was his opinion that "a very large majority of the people of this state. feel that electors should cast their vote for the nominees of the party which elects them." The national commltteeman said (he. ledcrs were sent lo poll the electors on whether they will, If elected in November, vole in (Jjc rollepc for Ploosevell and Truman. The regular convention instructed the electors not to vote for the par- ty nominees for president and vice- president If the national conven- seated any dclruales Irnm a rump pro-Roosevelt siaie conven- tion. The national convpntion seal- ed ihe rump rlelr-gai'inn lion. llllr thrrrforr. his own judge- ment and thr. letter con- tinued. "Thry feel th.it the Austin rc- delegatcs from thn regular comrn-i solutions alininplmx to release, ihe elor'.ors from then' moral oblisa- 'tlnn MI support Ihe nominees of the 111 his letter. whidl lie made pub-j p.'irtv were. Iho jurisdiction lie during an interview with the j of tin.' convention ami were without News, Bialock, a resident of Mar- Istippoil. in law or parly pi.icticcs shall, Tex., sairl it was his opinir.n and that a very larue majority ol Iho, Blalock said he will comment people at the slate fin mil. .'eel thai. (Inter on wli.it course Ihe stale con- a voter should he toscralrh the Democratic liekei in m-der lo vole i'or the oJ Ihe Dc- moeral.ie party. "They do not fpel that an elec- tor should assume (he right to disregard (he will of Ihe ma- jority of the voters and Milisll- ventlon in Dallas Sent. 12 might lake to assure Dpmocra.tic electors on Ihe ticket who will vote for the m.mlnrcs. Meanwhile he said he Is Inclined to favor placing the names of Roosevelt and Truman on the bal- lot, and leaving off Ihe electors en- tirely. ACK Lewis L. Cobiirn (if NiaRara Kails, N. Y., gunner on a tress, holds the rcfonl-hrc-iik- ing total of 107 missions nun- nlcled. He is shown iiliovc before, leaving Fort Devcns, Mass., for home and a fur- lough, lie is n viMi-rim of 72 missions in the Philippines anil .Southwest 1'ncific and of ,15 Kuropean missions just completed willi Air Force. (AP SUPREME HEADQUAR- TERS ALLIED EXPEDI- TIONARY FORCE, Sunday, Aug. American armor, sweeping 75 miles in one day to the end Df. the Brittany peninsula, en- tered the great port Brest yesterday while other units reached the Loire river seal- ing off the peninsula at its base. At the same time, in a wheel- ing; movement aimed at Paris, oilier American armored forces drove eastward 27 miles from their previous positions. It was not immediately known at supreme headquarters which of sev- eral columns moving southward had reached the Loire or where. Field dispatches had reported American units racing toward both Nantes, French port 15 miles in from the mouth of the river, and St. Nazaire, another big port 30 miles to the west. Still another column had cap- tured Pontivy 15 miles from Lorient the peninsula's fourth great port. As Brest still smoked from a. blasting by British heavy bombers, an official announcement said that armored columns had fought into the city luirits of the port, at which fresh armies can bo unloaded for the showdown battles of Europe. Last unofficial reports had put these forces 75 miles away. Equally momentous was the drive on Paris, which already has paid off a big dividend by crumbling the Irvit of the German defenses in. Normandy. Twenty-seven .miles cast of their last repoAed positions, and on the direct route to the capital of France, American forces forged across the Hayenne river two miles be- low the city of the same name. These forces were nearly 50 miles east and slightly north of Renncs. whose formal capture was completed yesterday, and 27 miles due east of their communications base of Fourr.crcs. Those quick-breaking develop- ments almost, subordinated the third great movement produced by the breakthrough from Normand.v. the drive to seal off the whole Breton' peninsula. One armored force bearing down on the U-boat base of St. Nazaire was now much less than 18 miles away after swooping several milcr. south of St. Gildas dcs Bois. A companion column pushing on the nearby port of Nantes on the Lcirc river was believed to be at least as close after hammering through Chatoaubrianl, 30 miles south ol Kenncs. The Vichy radio early in (he day bad this force only 18 miles fnnn .N'.iiilrs. Gorman accounts said these col- Sce FKANCH, Tf. 11, Col. 3 Nazi Paris Line l Vanishes in Air 1 JAMES .tf. LONG LONDON. Aug. vaunted Cifiman ir.r.cr defense line guard- l ing iho approaches to Paris and in- land Franco has vani.-hod into the in from winch it was conjured by l IP propaganda mills. 1'hc breakthrough from N'or- maiid.v lias confirmed what Al- lied arrinl rrronnai.ssmcc had nlrrariy (here arc no enemy defenses short of the Maginot and Sieg- frirnfl Jhir.s, P'or two years the Clcvmans have 1 r- n filliivj the air and the press with pictures of a "Hitler." "Von Rimdtstodt" or "Rommel" line sup- posedly built by Herculean labor to make the European fortress impreg- nable. Bv some of :hrsn accounts, one of (lie anchors was Ihe Brittany capital of Remits, ihrouph which armor slreamed today in endless procession, but the only re- sistance had boon frcm die-hard i rear guards. Allen. Associated Press jcorrespondcnt, said on his release from Gorman internment he had. seen accounts of this line and heard of it. but lie did not know whether it was propaganda or fact.) This does nol mean that the hipinva.r to Paris is open, for there is plenty of room in the Loire-Seine triangle for a stronff German stand before the French capital. And with mines, barbed wire, nnd mobile defenses ol men, tanks nnd Kuns, (he Germans have al- ready shown that they need no fix- en fortifications to put. up a stout arpmieiit. as wlui'-ss their holding actions south of Caen.