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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - July 30, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND BOX SCORE aRverall quota E Quota Series E Sales Abilene Reporter WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT L. LXIV, NO. 43 A TEXAS HtWSFATIH ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, JULY 30, 1944 -THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Pita (API united Preu tvf.i PRICE FIVE CENTS -Rommel Reported tilled By WES GALLAGHER CANISY, France, July V Germans told a sen- ior American staff officer today that Field Marshal Erwin Rom- mel had been critically wounded in an Allied air strafing attack, and a French Red Cross worker said they told her he later had GENERAL ROMMEL died. The staff officer said captives told him the German comman- der was wounded near Lisieux, on the British front, two weeks ago when Allied planes shot up his car and wrecked it in a ditch. He said a German cap- tain told him Rommel had been unconscious for hours and still was in a critical condition m a hospital.. The Red Cross worker, who was with the Germans only day before yesterday, said they told her Rommel was wounded in a bombing near Falaise on the British front and died later in a hospital at Bcrnay. This about 40 years from the Vichy war ministry'for dealing with French prisoners helli by the Germans, said the reports of Rommel's death were widespread and accepted as fact V by the German troops, many of whom were greatly grieved. Allied fliers repeatedly have reported shooting up German staff cars on the Normandy front, and Rommel Is widely known as a general who stays to the front lines. If Rommel actually has been killed or even seriously hurt, Adolf Hitler has suffered a crit- ical'blow, Rommel is a field commander of acknowledged i brilliance and loyalty to the Nazi regime and a man whose feats as the "Desert Fox" of North Africa have become -le- gends among the German sal- dicry. Corn Rationed WASHINGTON, July 20 The office' of Price Administration tonight ordered canned com back .on the ration list, and made grape tomato preserves and tomato marmalades ration-free, effective at a. m., Sunday. Temperature to 100 Temperatures skidded a bit Sat- urday in Abilene, the maximum reaching only 100 late in the af- ternoon. The foremost for today is cloudy and not quite so hot. lls Fall in Warsaw es Orote Taken; B-29s Active By the Associated Press Capture of Guam's Orote peninsula, guarding the south- ern end of prized Port Apra, was announced by Adm. Chester W. Nimitz last night shortly after'new gaps in Japan's prec- ious steel industry and vanishing shipping were reported. Nimitz said organized resistance of Japanese forces on Orote ceased late Friday afternoon, after elements of the first provisional marine brigade had advanced beyond the wreckage of the former U. S. marine barracks. Other American units on Tinian island, 130 miles north- ward, were compressing th.3 defenders in the southern enc of the islet. The Americans held approximately two thirds of Tinian Friday. Army Transport From Scotland Missing at Sea WASHINGTON, July 29 Loss of an Army transport plane with 28 persons aboard including 18 en route from Scot- land to Mitchell Field, New York, was announced today by the "War department. The plane, a C-54 transport, pre- sumably went down Wednesday morning between Iceland and New- foundland, the department said. It was last heard from about. a. m. Wednesday and "would have ex- hausted its gasoline that the announcement declared. An in- tensive seach is still under way. Aboard the plane were 15 Army and three Navy stretcher cases. The eight other persons aboard in- cluded a civilian crew of five and an Army flight nurse. lylore than 150 planes of the, .jjr transport, command and the RoyaJ Canadian air force have joined in Hie search, together with surface craft of the Navy, coast guard and other services. "This is tile first casualty of its the department announce- ment the beginning of the Army's world-wide evacuation program soon after the United States entered the war. Since that time, sick and wounded have been evacuated by air." The four-engine plane was flown by a transcontinental and west- ern air crew under contract to the war department. Aboard the plane were included following patients: lit. Officer Frank L. Cotopia, Hearne, Tex., Pvl. Camilo Gonzales, Keneriy. Tex., 2nd Lt. Charles F. Cohl, Jr., Las Vegas, N. Mex. Pvt. Arthur L. Pounds, Elida, N. Mex. The flight nurse on the plane was 2nd Lt. Catharine R. Price, North Liberty, Ind. The War department said the ma- jority of the patients' aboard the plane were war wounded. Kin of Abiienians Is Reported Missing Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Petitfils, 3004 Hickory, have been notified that their nephew, S. Sgt. Carter Gill Jr., son of ,Vfr. and Mrs. Carter Gill, Dallas, has been missing in action over Germany since July 16. Ser- geant Gill was a kip gunner on a Plying Fortress based in England. 1N RUN-OFF FOR DISTRICT ATTORNEY THOMAS E. HAYDEN I One of the most spirited run-off rnccs for n public office In this region will he that for district attorney of the 42d judicial district, between Carl P. Hulsey and Thomas E. Hnydcn of Abilene. Official results in the counties of the district, announced yesterday by the county Democratic-executive committees, showed the following totals of votes polled by the three candidates in the first primary: Carl P. HulKcy Thomas E. Hnydcn .........................4.612 W. E. Martin ...............................1.773 Tills shows Hulscy's lead in the first primary was 186 votes. The results by counties: Cftllahnn: Hulsey, 072; Hnyocn, 975; Martin, 539. ShftckPlforcl: Hulsey, Hnydr.n. 721; Martin. 264. A Taylor; Hulsey. Haydcn, Martin, The Navy previously announced that 17 Nipponese ships were sunk by submarines, for a total of 62 enemy vessels which the Allies re- ported destroyed "In the last three days. Superfortresses bombed the steei center at Anshan, Manchuria, GO miles from Mukden, in their first blow at the "arsenal of greater east Asia." Other B-29s over north- ern China hit Tangku, port of Tientsin, and the strategic Chen- ghslen railway yards. Nimitz' communique did not confirm a Tokyo radio report that 400 U. S. carrier planes on Friday renewed the attack on the. Palau islands, guarding the eastern approaches to the Phi- lippines. The victorious Marines on Orote captured a large quantity of booty, including 32 tanks, field pieces artillery had supported a force originally estimate'd hold- Ing out ori the peninsula. Light American fleet units were patrolling Apra harbor and pre- venting the surviving Japanese from escaping. Elsewhere on Guam the front remained unchanged, al- though American patrols were rang- ing a mile ahead of the main forces in some places. Official figures and unofficial estimates indicated the Japanese already have lost men on Guam, Tinian, Saipan and sea and air fighting related to the Mari- anas operation. On Oriental battlefronts Brit- out of India were nine miles from the Burma border, Ameri- cans and Chinese inched for- ward a few more yards in the enemy's north Burma base of Myitkyina, Chinese repulsed ten Japanese counterattacks on Hengyang in southeast China but lost Pingsiang, 95 miles to the northeast. Japanese broadcasts said six Superfortresses participated in the Anshan raid. Nippon propagan- dists minimized damage but pilots returning to their western China bases said black smoke covered the area, site of the Shows steel works Japan's second largest iron and steel plant. "Observed bombing results were the U. S. communique said "against moderate enemy fighter and anti-aircraft opposition." Japanese broadcasts said smal- ler flights of B-29s raided the Dairen area and Penhsihu, coal and cement center. Tokyo reported the evacuation ol unnecessary civilians from For mosa had been speeded up. China-based liberators sank thrri Japanese ships, including a naval vessel, in renewed China coast raid: Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell an nounced yesterday. The 17 ships mentioned as tru latest victims of U. S. submarines included one escort vessel, a tank- er, a transport, four cargo-tran- sport? and ten freighters. The pre- ceding day British admiralty announced 31 Japanese vessels had been sunk by their submarines. De- struction of twelve other vessels was reported Friday and Saturday in Pacific communiques. The Weather DEPARTMENT OF COltlMCRCC WEATHER BimF.AU ABILENE AND VICINITY AND EAST TEXAS Parlly cloudy Sunday and Monday. Scattered afternoon thundrr- MiAwers extreme north portion M "WEST TEXAS rartiy cloudy with widely scattered afternoon thunder Khowei'i Sunday and Monday. TEMPERATURES HOUR 1. Sat. Frl. A.M. R7 flfl 81 Br> US ft'.! 82 SI RO T8 S3 HI 8.-. KC Hit Rt: no IM Illirh and low Icmpe Ifm ant) 78. llljch r.ntl UM year: R3 17. ftimsftl tnst nljthl! KtfH. Sunrise thin morning: f Sunsrl ionlihl: ltd 102 101 mi IfT-i AMPHIBIOUS TANKS HEAD FOR GUAM amphibious tanks head for the beaches of Guam with the troops who aro now reclaiming the first United States pos- session taken by the Japs shortly after Pearl Harbor. (AP Wircphoto from U. S. r's Greatest Offense Victorious in 100 Duels SUPREME HEADQUARTERS --E X.P IT 3L Q N A BY 'Sdriaay'f .The greatest V. S. -Army offensive since the World War smashed de- termined German counter-attacks In at least 100 duels witli huge Tiger tanks and thrust 11 miles helow captured Coutances and IS beyond St. yesterday in drives which threatened to enevelop the enemy's western defenses and were costing him dearly in manpower. The American assault had pro- gressed 21 miles since it began Tuesday, and was continuing against stiffening but unsuccessful Nazi resistance. Twin thrusts below Coutances to- ward Brehal threatened to snare at least some of the Nazis who so narrowly escaned from the Cou- tances pocket Thursday and Friday. The Brehal road junction already was under American artillery fire. The German radio began to talk of the necessity of a Whole- sale withdrawal along the entire 40-mile western wing of the inva- sion front even while the enemy making tacks oh flank near with tank forces pulled out of the static front facing the British east of Caen. "From all appearances, Lt. Gen. Omar Bradley's carefully-planned 'precision offensive1 has broken; clear through the German Seventh said Wes, Gallagher, Asso- ciated Press front-line reporter with the Anierican forces. "It may well be that the Amer- icans aro fighting and winning one of the greatest decisive battles of the he wrote. "If Hitler is unable to stop the American offen- sive soon, it may have done irrepar- able damage to the morale and strength of the Wehmacht in France." In the southernmost penetration of the fifth day of trie offensive, the Americans sent nn armored spearhead across the Tessy-Brehal I road to within about a mile of the big town of Percy, midway between the Vire river and the sen. This column was well.beyond La Tilan- diere. and patrols were reported still Farther west another tank column _sped down that road through St. Denis Le Cast, Len- gronne and Hambye to points less than four miles from Bre- hal, through which German troops were trying to escape southward. Behind the advance, American tanks, self-propelled guns and hard- slogging doughboys cleaned out pocket, after pocket of madly resist- ing Germans who had been by- passed in the first rush. 'Hie cap- tives, now 'totalling more than and increasing steadily, Included the elements of seven German divisions. German dead Uttered nearly every field and lanr. The tally of enemy tanks destroy- ed mounted to 250 claimed by American fighter-bombers nlone, and the tremendous aerial support of the American drive continued without a le'c-up despite unfavorable weather. PRO-FDR FORCES VICTORS IN TAYLOR'S CONVENTION Pro-Roosevelt faction was victo- rious from start to finish of the Taylor county Democratic conven- tion Saturday, climaxing its series of triumphs with adoption of a reso- lution endorsing all Democratic nominees from justice of the peace Reports from other Texas con- ventions are found on Fajtc 12. to president of the United States. First victory for the proa came witli selection of Dallas Scarbor- ough for convention chairman over strength, opposition forces with- drew from active combat and the meeting settled down to routine ac- ceptance of reports from pro-domi- nated committees. County Chairman James P. SUn- son presided over the first portion of tlie convention, said by party veterans to have the largest r.ttcnri- nnce of any in the county's his- tory. The district courtroom was crowded to capacity with the over- flow standing out In the hulls. Every precinct except Trent was represented. Scarborough wns nominated by C. R. Penningfon nnd W. R. Ely sec- onded it. issue of this Pennington said In his nomina- tion speech, "Is whether two hip corporations will run Taylor county or whether the people through their votes will make the decisions. This is not a matter of personalities. We want our locn! party to he straight- forward find above hock- biting and underhand work as there has been before." D. G. Bowers nominated Mc- Mnhon. but no speeches were made in hfs behalf. Vote for the two turned lively Into ft contest between Abilene nnd the rest of the county. Three of the city boxes, Butternut and Pair Park witii nme votes each, nnd! ShcHon-Webb with seven votes, were for McMahon. Court house1 was split, 3 7-11 for McMahon and 1 4-11 for Scarborough. Tlie other two. Cedar street and Orange street with six votes each, went for Scarborough. Two suburban boxes were split. Veterans clubhouse gave one vote to each and McMurry filling sta- tion box went 1 3-5 for McMahon and 1 2-5 for Scarborough. Every other box in the county voted solidly with the pros. Scarborough, in his acceptance speech, made but one direct refer- ence to the opposition Pennington I had referred to as "two corpora I tlons." After the convention had voted to make his election unani- mous. Scarborough jokingly de- clared "when the city builds its own utilities plants it will need some pootl employes and give you fellows jobs." Using bis acceptance speech as a keynote address, the chairman declared, "Tlie great- est principle of government is to Rive the majority the right to rule. Any man who would accept the position as an elec- tor and then not cast his elec- toral vote in accordance, with the conviction of the people Is an embezzler of power." Scarborough pnid tribute to trc rural rii.sf.riet when Ihn test vote lor chairmnn showed their stand. "After nil." he said, "you can't fool the tanner." "I am ififiinst the third or fourth term for any he con- tinued. "The only reason .or one now is the wnr. you fiis- charfic General Marfhall, NlmltK. Eisenhower? Then why would you cli.schnrge. the commandcr-In-chlcf? "The test of democracy will be our ability to return to nor- malcy after the war. If we nrc not suarl to do so we do not deserve sclf-Rovcrn- Sec DEMOCRATS, Page 4, 'Col. 5 Turkey Hearing Break with Axis LONDON, July teetered on the verge of nn open break with Germany and Bulgaria looked for a way out from the role of a shaky satellite tonight as new cracks opened in the Nazis' military and economic armor. Reports reached Istanbul that the Bnlgnrinn government had nsknd Germany to evacuate all German armed forces from Bulgaria, point- ing out that then: were now less than two Nazi divisions In the country, that they art? nn help tn they draw Allied bombing attacks. According tn this report. Ger- many so fnr has refused the re- Quest nn the ground tluit other satellites might make the same demand and because German pres- tlpc is invo'ved. Meanwhile the Bulgnrinns fire granting Soviet demands for con- sulates in tlie country's leading towns nnd UsimKy well-informed Amerlc.m quarters In London said that Bul- Rariti again WOK putting out peace feelers, but there was some skep- ticism of the success of such ven- tures In view of the brcnkdmvn of previous efforts along this line. Anfi-Roosevelts Call for Support MONTAGUE. July Ameriean Democratic committee of Montague county Saturday called on "nil'those who love thn Demo- cm Me pnrty nnti America" fn re- semble at every courthouse In the state within 30 days to elect delp- Kfites to nn nil-south convention to name a man to support for presi- dent. Tlie committee met after the regular county Democrat ie con- vention hnd voted to .send ddOKfltc-s to tho state convention in Dallas September 12 instructed to vole for, electors pledged, to President Hoobc-1 velt for a fourth term. Other Units Surge Ahead LONDON, Sunday, July troops yes- Icrday fought within sight of Warsaw, bombarded half-way mark in the offensive rolling along (lie road (o Berlin, while in the north other Soviet units surged across the southern Latvian border in their swift drive against the almost- encircled Nazi armies of the Baltic. Warsaw's east bank suburbs were under Soviet artillery attack. Berlin said the Russians In the north were only 20 miles from tha Gulf of Riga, fighting fiercely in the Jelgava area in their effort to complete a trap on to Germans, under Col. Georg Linde- manit. Jelgava, a strategic rail Junction and Riga, Latvian capital-port on the Baltic, both were hammered heavily by Soviet bombers Friday night, "Several enemy troop trains were smashed or burned the com- munique said, indicating that the Germans already were trying to flea Estonia and Latvia. Gen. Ivan Bagramian's first Baltic armies captured more than 200 villages in this push toward the Baltic coast, including Zagare, on tha Lithuanian-Latvian border 42 miles south of the gulf, Moscow said. Far- ther south other units closing in on Kaunas, former Lithuanian capital, captured Kormclavn, less thnn 40 miles northeast of Kaunas, which Is a German bastion protecting the road to German East Prussia. The fall of Kaunas was regarded as near. The Moscow communique announced the capture of a total of towns and villages during the day, and said the Russians attack- ing below Warsaw had completely cleared (he enemy from a. fio-mite section of the east bank of the Vistula Axis defense line before Germany itself. The cleared area was between Deblln and where the San emptied into the Vistula, 100 miles southeast of Warsaw. This indicated that Marshal Konstantin K. Rokossovsky's first Whita Russian forces were getting ready to leap the Vistula for a flanking mova on Warsaw from the south and also perhaps drive straight westward toward Germany. In southern Poland Marshal Ivan S. Lonev's first Okraine armies had hurdled the San river on a broad front in the area below the cleared sector of the Vistula river. Striking west of Przemysl, fortress ctty taken Friday, the Russians rolled on through Jawornikpolski, 22 miles beyond Prezcmysl and 103 miles from Krakow on the main invasion route to. German Silesia. The Russians also captured 100 localities southwest and south of Lwow, and 20 more west of Stanislawow in the Carpathean foothills. Allies Only 5 Of Historic Florence ROME. July 29 The final phase of the battle for Florence opened violently in the rolling hills to the south today as veteran New Zealanders of this Eighth Army drove to a point just five miles be- BERLIN ROAD ROAD TO BEHUN By The Ar-snclatcd Press. front 335 miles (measured from near Normandy front G30 miles (measured from Troarnl. front G05 miles (measured from low the historic city and the Ger- mans quickly countered every Allied thrust with strong forces of Tiger tanks. The German army south of tha Arno river was compressed into a front only 30 miles long which threatened to give way along ita entire western end and pave tha way for the fall of Florence. Eifhth Army Units crowding In on this western segment were able to maintain only minor contact with the enemy, who was forced to flee as the New Zea- landers, hammering northeast- ward from Cerbaia to the point five miles below Florence, threatened to Isolate Nazi troops remaining In an clght-mlle- wide wedge between the mouth of the Elsa river and Moiite- lupo to the east. The New Zealanders, prepared to! battle In thn summer heat by their previous victorious fighting in the deserts of Africa, cut Into the last mountain line below Florence. They sprang from a small bridgehead they had established over the Tiny Pesa river near Cerbaia. Other Eighth Army troops drove to within two miles of Empoli, 15 miles west of Florence on the south of the Arno, nnd still other units closed in on Florence from ths southeast. South Africans crossed the Greve river seven miles south of Florence below Impruneta and still other Eighth Army forces won mountain positions nine iniies southeast of the city. The final stage of the battle for Florence wns set up by the New sue will provide n.r Zealandcrs1 stno from Cerbaia made and tor equipment. The FWA. yesterday and announced by head- Bovornment ncency, will i-rovldc j quarters today _ _ui.i__i fie. iKrt DurJtitt the nt Wylie'Approves School Addition A bond Issue to construct nn addition to tl-e school was ap- proved 118 to 37 by residents of the school district In dcctlon Saturday. a special Plans for the work nre being pre- pnred by Hiiffhes mid Olds and bids will lie accepted between Aug. 15 and 20 Olds said Inst night. The building will contain three cliiss rooms, n study hall, library, offices and rest rooms. School officials said prrsent fa- cilities are Inadequate, with enroll- ment increased f.rcally since mili- tary families moved in. The bond is- will provide 516.000 fnr the school ;m additional Nazis Tighten Up Squeeze on Rebels LONDON, July fiTi Holland to the Balkans tlio Nazis have tnkon strp.s 10 n-press insur- 13 the night, Associated Press correspondent Lynn Hetnzerling from the Florence Germans holding the last ridge be- tween the New Zealanders and the cltv itself lashed out with two coun- ter-attacks each of company strength Despite heavy Eighth Army artil- lery fire the enemy put two dents In the New Zealanders' line in the St. Michele and La Romola areas, Kciu.-i and to squeeze! out the last. rDmllg them back 600 yards. ounce of cnercy lit their last mobilization, reports from the cnn-! f 6XQS tliidit said today. f The German army purcc ap- pnrrntly vvn.1; with Col. Gen. Iilmlcmnnn and Flrld Mar shal Gfii. Von Biisrh on the east- ern front reported dismissed or in disfavor. Undmjroimd reports to Czech authorities in London said the Ger- mans wore takinc nil able bodied men from nohrmla nnd Moravia Into German nrms factories or nelcli nr.li-nlrcrnft units or Todt fort building Rnncs. Authoritative Dutch quarters In London said nil of occupied Nether- lands was put under n 10 few to fiiiell unre.st alter a muv.bw of patriots were .shot for "sabo- tage and terrorism." Series E Quota DALLAS. July to- day became the first cf the ten quota" states to attain Its Series E quota for the Pitih War loan. The stale already had cxccctled. with millions to tpare, record higli over-all nnd Individual quotas. Chairman Nathan Adinns of liie Texas War Finance committee an- nounced that In topping this Im- portant group of states, Texas had parcel the 100 per cent mark In Scries E sales ns of July 29, with purchases rising to or 100.1 per cent of tho 5125 million E goal.
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