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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - July 28, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND BOX SCORE Overall quota larics E Quota Series E Sales Abilene Reporter 1 A TEXAS NIWSFAPM WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 28, 1944-SIXTEEN PAGES __________ Auoctoted Preu (AP) FIVE CENTS Reds Give Nazis Worst Defeat; Yanks Push Into France Proper tay in Normandy In Chaotic Retreat SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCE, Friday, July U. S. tank columns shattered the Germans' western Normandy line yes- terday in a sudden break-through that plunged the enemy into chaotic retreat and drove to within miles of strategic ftoutances, whose fall might trap the entire 84th corps of seven battered Nazi divisions. Thundering lines of tanks, half-tracks and self-propelled artillery, revealed by Supreme Headquarters for the first time to be striking in divisional strength m -the greatest jrmored blow since D-Day, smashed all organized resistance, field commanders declared. Without a fight the enemy yielded the old seacoast strong- point of Lessay, 12 miles north of Coutances, and Periers to the west and fled south under a hail of bombs and shell try to make a stand, possibly behind Coutances. But the midnight commun- _ ique disclosed that besides the column driving head-on to- ward Coutances from the east a second column fanned out miles southwest of fallen Canisy in what may be an outflanking threat to that next stop on the American drive deeper into France. Field dispatches sale! one armor- ed finger had stabbed to Cerlsy La Salle, seven miles southwest of By the Associated Press miles (measured from g miles (measured from milel (measured from of Coutances. and 7 1-2 miles southeast o column heading straight "own the road toward the city had enveloped Kamprond, north of the highway and less than five miles from Coutances. With a third column slashinj A the road 6 1-2 miles south of St. Lo, and with two more columns crashing through the enemy's lines cast of St. Lo, a front line broadcast declared jubilantly: "Today (he Americans have a broken out of the beachhead. Today we are on our way into France proper." This was the break-out, a. break-through 10 miles deep, the payoff of tremendous and painstaking build up of strength 011 the beachhead. In three days with gathering speed the offensive has turned the battle of Cherbourg peninsula into the fight for Normandy with no sign where the enemy may next make a stand. Supreme heeadquarters was get- ting a. flash by flash rpport of the swift penetration and the broad- ening fan-out of armor past mid- night with unconcealed satisfaction. The American armor that fash- ioned the sensational break-through was not identified. (German broad- casts recently said that Lt. Gen. George S. Fatten and his armored corps was in Normandy ready for (fiction.) The Germans arc known to have the second SS (Elite) pan- zer division of the finest divi- sions in France, aiid one other armored or armored grenadier division on the fronl, hut If these have been committed they have proved unequal to meet the weight of Bradley's blow. Coutances already was within ar- tillery range and it appeared it could not hold out lor long with the sporadic resistance the bewildered enemy Is offering on this sector of the flaming 40-mile front. Prison- ers up to noon totaled and tank crews did not bother to cor "d-al them. Yet another tank column, pour- ing through a gap in the German lines around Canisy. in R gain of up to six miles captured Le Mesnil- Herman, six miles southwest of St. liM. This (hnist. drawing a steel ring about the Germans who from the strategic heights south of St. Lo have been holding up the Ameri- can advance, severed the road from St. Lo to Avranccs, 30 miles south, is the side door to the Brit- tany peninsula and ite naval Hase of Brest. _ Democratic Group Schedules Rally NOCONA, July A citi- zen0 committee headed by A. V. Gi'a'nt, Saint Jo, has called a po- litical rally In Montague Saturday In reorganize the Jcllerson Dcmo- Vratlc party. Bombers Support Normandy Drive LONDON, Friday, July American fighter bombers plaster- ed enemy frontline troops, tanks guns and strongpoints and canopied U. S. troops from enemy fighter planes yesterday in supporting the jiggest break-through yet made on ,he western front while from Italy 500 American heavies bombed 'the Manfred Weiss works in Budapest, argesl industrial plant in Hun- gary. British and Canadians in Nor- mandy also had strong support of Typhoons, Spitfires and Mustangs of the RAF. Murky weather stopped the medi- um bombers from the west and heavy operations were limited to !50 Liberator bombers smashing a Serman air force supply center and communications at the Belgian, cities of Brussels and Gent. At midnight the German radio reported "nuisance raiders" over the border territory of east Prussia while the Nazi-controlled Budapest radio said Budapest was undergo- ing a "nuisance raid" and that planes were over Serge, Marcs and Kolozs. Earlier the Belgrade radio said enemy bombers were over Mon- tenegro. The Mediterranean squadrons, bearing the heaviest load of the day, had to fight through a sur- prisingly strong force of German planes which engaged them all over the attack route. On the western front it was strict- ly a fighter bomber show. Up to late evening more than 750 planes strafed enemy troops, guns and tanks in hedgerows and woods. They crumpled four buildings which were enemy strong points. London Damaged By Robots Again LONDON, July Na- zis' flying bomb barrage increased in ferocity tonight, spreading death through southern England, while Britons pondered the possibility of worse to huge ex plosive rockets. Temperature GoestolOI For Abilene .Not that this will make you feel any better, but yesterday was the hottest July 27th recorded here since 1886. After hovering around 102 all af- ternoon the temperature soared to in degrees at 5 p. m. and slowly subsided to 89 degrees at 9 p. m. All over the state perspiring Tex- ans watched thermometers push steadily past the century mark as the second day of the current heat wave established new temperature highs in some towns and showed no signs of a let-up. The local weatherman mopped his forehead and predicted gener- ally fair and continued hot friday and Saturday. Coleman in central West Texas reported the state's high reading of 113 degrees. Odessa and'Wichita Falls had 110, the hottest for Wich- ita Palls since August, 1943. Scat- tered late afternoon clouds tailed to bring any relief in the North Texas town and a hot wind added to the discomfort. High temperatures over the state were at Fort Worth, Midland, Big Spring, Del Rio and Pyote. where Gen. McNair Killed On Normandy Front WASHINGTON, July Gen. Lesley J. McNair, one of the nation's most able and most fearless military leaders, has been killed on the Normandy front. Enemy fire struck him down while he was with a leading element of the new Allied offensive in France, observing the work of the American ground Army which he organized and trained, the War department announced today General Here Twice, Aided In Maneuvers Lt. Gen. Lesley J. McNair visited Abilene and Camp Barkeley twice after he became commander in chief of all Army ground forces, and spring, uei KIO ana ryinc. wiieie In addition spent much time on the U. S. weather bureau maneuvers in Texas and Louisiana 106 degrees was the weather fash- I with Barkeley trained troops, ion. L The bureau reported 105 at San Angelo and Snyder, and 104 at Wink and Dallas, the season's highest there. Lubbock reported a two-de- gree droo at 6 p. m. from the day's ligli of 103...... Bryan, and Alice had 102 [egree weather -and San Antonio ind Yoakum were one above the entury mark. Former Stamford Woman Is Dead STAMFORD, July Word has been received here of the death of Mrs. Sam Nix in Waco today. She formerly lived in Stamford. Survivors include her husband and a son, Sem Nix Jr. No funeral arrangements have been made, according to word re- ceived here. The Weather U. S, DEPART.MKNT OF COMMERCE WEATHER ItrnF.Ai; ARII.F.XF: AND VICIMTV: Gener- ally lair and continued hot Friday and Saturday. EAST AND WEST illy fair and continued hot Friday and TEMPERATURES Saturday) flj .IB -at lliBll a .1.1 1 last year: on and Sunset last night: Snnnet tnnichl: Thurs. Wed. P.M. he met death. He was the McNair, commander oJ Army ground forces until he received an unspecified bul "important" overseas assign- ment a few weeks ago, had gone to the battlefront of this war twice. On his first visit, in March, 1943, lo Tunisia, he was wounded by shell frag- ments. On his second Visit highest ranking American officer to die in action in this war. Four other generals have been killed in battle, in addition to a number of other deaths, Includ- ing eight who died in plane crashes while traveling to or In war zones. "Had he had the choice, he prob- ably would have elected lo die as he did, in the forefront of the attack." said Gen. George C. Marshall, Army chief of staff. The 61-ycar-olrI Mc.Valr. was L generally Ulrt First visit of the general was early in April, 1942, and on hand to greet General McNair and .his party at the Abilene municipal airport were Major Generals .William S. Key, comniander of'the 45th division, and Henry. Terrell Jr., .commander. of. fhe 90tli division'. At that time bo'ch the 45th and 9Cth, now playing major rolls in the war that is crushing Hitler, were in training at Barkeley. Even then the 45th was a veteran outfit, but the DG'ih had been activated only a few days-earlier. General McNair returned to Camp Barkeley. the following December and devoted an entire day to check- ing training progress of the 90th, being'accompanied by General Ter- rell. In the general's party on his first visit lo Camp Barkeley was his chle! of staff, Mark W. Clark, then a brigadier general and now a lieu- tenant general commanding 'che Fifth Army In Italy. In June of 1941 General McNair, then chief of staff of the Army gen- eral headquarters, was at Brown- wood for one week observing VIII Army Corps maneuvers which were directed by Lt. Gen. Walter Krueger, then Third Army commander. Most of the units panicipatin_ in tha'c particular field exercise have been doing much of the fig'itlni; in the current war, and that was months before the Japs hit. Prarl Harbor nnd brought the United mm States actively into the present con-! creat loss to the Army and the flic; nation." Major units in that maneuver in- cluded the 30th and 45th divisions and the Second division. Glorious I records of the 36th and 45th in Sicily and Italy are well known to the nation and the Second division I i 'Itig into being the vast and complex Army ground force, that ajrsrcjraUort of millions of men, lens of thousands of guns; tanks and trucks and specialized weapons. Marshall had said he was "Ihr brains of the Army." His loss was mourned by those who had reason to know of his abilities. Undersecretary of Wai- Patterson said: "From the war's beginning, his soldierly skill had directed the de- velopment of our ground forces into a striking force of the greatesl power. On the many trips of in- spection which we undertook to- gether in this country. I was im- pressed by his insight into every detail of training and by the em- phasis which he placed on the bat- tle preparations of the individual soldier as the basis of successful attack. He was quick to apply tac- tical lessons to the training ground." Marshall declared "the American Army has sustained a great and Gen. John J. Pershing, Mc- Nair's commander in the World War T American expeditionary force, said "he was a meat, soldier) nnd his untimely death will be a1 Landowners Win Camp Funds Suit Landowners of the Camp Bark- elcy maneuver area were winners Thursday in a Judgment handed down in I04th district court by Judge B. W. Patterson ot Eastland disposing ol in govern- ment money. The sum involved was excess o[ the amount paid to landowners for Camp Barkeley leases and it had been claimed both by landowners and by certificate holders of the Lone Star Townsite Co., men who contributed toward the Initial pur. chase of the Barkeley camp site. Judge Patterson concluded a day's hearing with the ruling the money should be given the landowners, and ordered continuance of the court term until the order could be entered. Notice of appeal was given by attorneys for the certificate hold- 'flie suit, styled C. W. Gill et al vs Loncstar Townsite Co., was brought for an interpretation ot contacts and adjudication as to how and to whom the money should be paid. Gill. Henry James and Malcolm Meek are trustees of the company. The suit originally was filed In state district court then transferred to federal court, and subsequently remanded by Judge T. Whitfield Davidson to state jurisdiction. Judge Patterson district justice, was presiding in place of Judge Owen Thomas, "was disqualified. Thursday's hearing was the sec- ond within a week. Judge George L. Davenport of the 91st district of Eastland'concluded a hearing last Thursday, look the case under ad- visement, -then discovered he was .not. qualified to rule. More Towns Liberated in Drive LONDON, Friday, July troops, inflict- ing the war's most disastrous series of defeats on the Ger- mans, yesterday plunged to within 30 miles of Warsaw, cap- tured the great city of Lwow and five other enemy bastions, and crossed the San river in a wide sweep toward Germany itself. Lwow, Bialystok, and Stanislawow, ancient Polish tresses, fell to the Soviet tide pouring westward through broken German armies, along with other cities, towns and villages. This was the greatest one-day bag yet an- nounced by Moscow during the gigantic Soviet summer of- fensive. In the north Daugavpils and Rezckne in Latvia and Siau- liai, strategic rail junction in Lithuania, also were seized, and the capture of Siauliai plugged the last main enemy escapa out of the Baltic states. Routed German armies Flier Missing Second Time BERLIN ISOLATES SELF ONCE MORE House Burns McxIcon Valencia Sec JIcNAIB, Page 2, Cnl. 2 I Thursday. house bclonjrlns to 33, was LONDON, Friday, .Inly was cut olf from Ihr outside world last niflil under rimimstnnccs much Ihe same as the night before announce- ment of Ihc attempt to assassi- nate Adolf Hitler. The Dally Mail In a ilispnlch from Stockholm said there was no Immediate nxplanalion of the shutdown in communications. During recent Mosquito bomber raids on the German capital there lias lifrn no such isola- of Berlin. Texas Exempt From Hotel Restrictions DALLAS, July War Manpower commission order to cur- tnil hotel services and restrict em- ployment nf men umlw 45 will not apply to Trxas SccU Hardy, executive vice president and gen- eral manager of the Texas Hotel association, .said todny. rilAULKS V. WKISII UAI.LINGER, July (Spl.i j First. LI. Charles V. Webb. 22, pllnl nf a Liberator bomber based In Italy, has been missing In action] over Germany since July 7, the War department notified his par- ents, Mr. and Mrs. Vcnion Webb. Runnels county ranch people. Licuti-nant Webb, who has been awarded the Air Medal with four Oak Ix-af Clusters, recently com- pleted 43 missions over enemy ter- ritory. nearly everywhere appeared to be falling back in precipi- tate flight, and military men here now believe the Germans may retire to the Oder rivei in eastern Germany itself, They based this belief on tha almost two-miles-an-hour paca of the Russians, and the lack of any sign that the Germans would attempt to hold on tin Vistula river in Poland. Berlin itself said the Vistula de- fenses had been pierced southeast nf Warsaw, and that water barrlel is the last natural defense line short of the Oder. German Silesia Is only 140 mild west of the Vistula, where the Ger- mans said the Russians had crossed, and SuTtticr south olher'Sovfet unltl were repotted officially by Moscott to have crossed the San river on a 50-miIt' front and raced 17 mile4 tcyond to a point only 128 milc< fronl Silesia. Tile capture of flarwolln by Marshal Konstantln K. Rokos- snvsky's first While Russian army (rmips put the Soviets within 3ft miles southeast of Warsaw, and the Kussian com- munique also sn'd that other Hcil army shock troops had fwipht their way into Sicdlce, iarci' rail city only 50 miles east of Warsaw. The of Soviet artillery could Reporter Seeks FM Radio Setup WASHINGTON, July (Ft Application for construction of a frequency modulation (FM) broad- cast station in Abilene, Tex., was received by the Federal Communi- cations commission today. The Reporter Broadcasting Co., Abilene, seeks a station to be op- erated on 45.700 kilocycles with cov- erage of square miles. The Reporter Broadcasting cnm- pay operates radio station KRBC with studios on Ihc Hilton hotel in Abilene. Infrequency modulation broad casting all static is eliminated. The radio waves move in straight line and will v.ot BO above the horizon from point of transmission. Howard Barrett, KRBO manager said here yesterday that the fre- quency modulation application had been filed with FCC to assure that Abilene and KRBC will be In the front rank amontr American com- munities with the most advanced radio facilities after the war. Quali- fied men in the industry forecast that frequency modulation will be 1UI11. ,lllu spread quickly throughout the coun- ,mniicipal nirnorl wr.ro. Mnjor Generals VVil- Once before he was reported be heard in the Polish capital which missing but returned safely to his I the Germans took In the first month base. 'of the SrpY. 1, 1939. By The young officer was reined I capturing Garwolin the Russian.! here and was cradunted fnim Bal-'wern within 340 airline miles ol Berlin ilsplf. Premier-Marshal Joseph Stalin ill an unprecedented issuance of five nrfiris of the day announced tha fall uf six major CJcrman strong- holds, includim: Daugavpils and Rrzckne. on this "Black Thursday" lor Cici'inany. fiftii order of the day oM nf the capture of the strategic) rail junction of Siauliai, 73 milea nwlc southwest of Riiiii and 83 miles cast Memel in East Prussia. The of this "larfc com- munications ccnlrr linking the llaltic with Kast Prussia" to (len. Ivan liagramiun's first liiUtii- nnny effectively buxcd up 10 r.rrman divisions of perhaps men miller Col. General Lindcniann rclrratinc toward t'rusMa fronl Kstonia ami Latvia with olhrr Russian annips in hoi pursuit. linger high school In I Clayton Leach Dies of Wounds Clayton Leach, gunner's third class. 24, died oi wounds re- I j ceiveri in action aboard a ship pro- i I sumably in the South Piriflc his mother. Mrs. W G U di 10J liii.li land, wi.s ininrmeci liv tin; K'av departmcnt 1 Pie f Thursday. f Leach was home y. in April alter 18 4 ._, mnntlis in the t Southwest P (i j lie and spent hi; j 10 day irnve with his molhcr nnd sister. Mrs. Thel- nm He enlisted in the I.I.ACII Navy in July, and went over McNAIR WELCOMED TO Gen. Lesley ,T. McNair, reported killed in action yesterday, first visited Abi- lene nnd Cnmp Rnrkclcy April 3, 1942, and on hand to creel e ,mniicipal nirnorl wr.ro. nor eneras i- MIIIWII HUAI. m v suTloiSlliam S. Key and Henry. Terrell Jr., commanding I General Terrell. respectively, of the <15th nnd flOth divisions. The above Re- porter-News photo was made immediately after General Mc- Nair, extreme left, slopped from his plane. General Key is shown next to General McNair and al the extreme right is A small railway running from to Licpnja lUbaui un the Lat- vian coiisi. thence down to Hemrl. is all that is left thrse cihistcr-ricidcn German forces, nnd is considered ineffective for mass movement The Nazi alternative is 1KIV.X 111 UII1J, ..''I... lll.J. 111. so.is after six weeks ul basic train- escape by and it believed Ing .serving in the Gilbert Mar- the German navy was incapable or sha'll campaigns. Handling the fleeing troops. The sailor was born in Mcrkcl i Jt was a hi; night in Moscow as and hr.d lived In Abilene 10 years, i 224 of the Soviet's capital's victory graduating from Abilene high i guns fired a to'.al of 200 salvos in school in 1338 He attended Texas i celcbrailon of the great line home to announced within a few hours after work in nn'aiiuT supply "stove prior. Berlin's admission that the Germans to his enlistment. i were in a general retreat.________ The last letter received from wa.', dntrd July 10. fi--., He Is .survived by Ills mother and KUSSCII TO slsler' Runoff Campaign Sam Riiss.cH, nth district con- gressman running for re-election, will open Ills run-off primary campaign with addresses In Dub- lin and Stephcnville, his home town, Satiuday afternoon, he has announced. Russell, whose opponent for the Democratic nomination is Clyde L. Garrr.tt, of Eastland. his predeces- sor In tho nlflcc, said he plans In speak in almost every town In thti cnilrc district. Shy Of Series E Quota Taylor county lacked siifl.200 of reaching its Fifth War Loan Scries E quota last nlRht. That means the county must bn'i- ter dally in K securities to top the coal of by the Mondny (leadline. Revised fiRtii'p.'i reported yester- day by County Chairman C. M. Caldwrll showed Ihc K total at
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